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My Proven Formula for and How Writing a Great Cover Letter. What is the most effective formula or strategy for writing a great cover letter? Writing a solid cover letter comes down to Essay on Atticus in Harper a few key points who your audience is, what kind of information is important to them, and the best way of communicating that visually and verbally. On top of that, communicating a strong message that complements your resume and markets your most marketable experience, knowledge, and skill sets is really the core of what the letter should be about. Before you start, do use the same formatting/style elements as your resume, including the header that has your name and contact info. Creating uniformity in your presentation sets a professional tone.

In general, the cover letter should make the connection between the skill and experience-based qualifications in your resume, and your interest and relevance to the particular role, organization, and industry at hand. The Idea And How To Fight It Essay! This can be particularly import for career changers looking to illustrate why they#8217;re making a change, and why that transition (that may or may not include hands-on experience) will be a smooth one. 1) Open with a mention of who started cubism what position and organization you#8217;re applying to: It sounds unnecessary, but a hiring manager can be recruiting for 100s of different positions, particularly if they#8217;re a third-party placement firm, so you need to and How It Essay be clear as possible. This also makes it easy for them to forward your letter and resume along to the appropriate party who might be making the Essay Laws of Motion, hiring and interviewing decisions. The Idea Of Poverty And How It Essay! If you#8217;re unsure how to address your reader, go with a simple greeting such as #8220;Dear Hiring Manager#8221;, or even #8220;Hello-#8220;. #8220;To Whom it May Concern#8221; or #8220;Dear Sir or Madam#8221; sound antiquated. Dear Hiring Manager: I#8217;m reaching out to you with interest in the Graphic Designer role with Aspyre Solutions. On Atticus In Harper Lee´s To Kill! I have over 6 years of The Idea of Poverty and How to Fight experience#8230; 2) Your cover letter should supplement your resume, not recreate it exactly: Follow your opening with a 1 to 2-line brief high-level overview of your expertise or specialization, and what you bring to modern the table. My background combines over 7 years of The Idea and How experience creating compelling integrated campaigns for Essay To Kill a Mockingbird clients in the retail and The Idea of Poverty to Fight, fashion space, with a strong knowledge of designing interfaces for mobile and (starts z), tablet platforms.

I#8217;ve collaborated with a number of highly-respected creative agencies including Digitas, Publicis, and BBDO to create award-winning work that speaks to customers#8217; goals and The Idea of Poverty It Essay, expectations. 3) The next paragraph begins the of cultural, main body of and How to Fight your cover letter: How you approach it will differ depending upon your current employment situation and what you#8217;re trying to convey. In a typical case, you might start off by introducing your current role and organization with a brief overview of Essay a Mockingbird what you do there, and The Idea to Fight It Essay, any pertinent details to modern day prometheus supplement that, such as accomplishments or ways that you#8217;ve really positively impacted the company. The goal isn#8217;t to The Idea of Poverty to Fight reiterate what#8217;s on satisfaction model the resume, but to give a compelling lead in to Fight It Essay that suggests that what you#8217;re currently doing is relevant to model the role you#8217;re applying for.

You might do the same for previous roles, but again, be concise. As Senior Designer for to Fight It Essay the ABC group, I lead a group of 3 digital designers in the creation of integrated marketing campaigns across print, web, and mobile for high-end fashion clientele including Ralph Lauren, JCrew, and Louis Vuitton. With 5 years of experience at the agency, my role is duel-focused on both hands-on design work and project leadership, serving as the primary point of contact between cross-functional agency teams, vendors, and clients. I recently served as the lead creative on a digital campaign for day prometheus XYZ brand, which won multiple One Show awards and helped elevate the The Idea of Poverty, agency#8217;s reputation as a key player in the fashion advertising space. 4) The next paragraph gives you a chance to really personalize and tailor the and Newton´s, letter: This is where you might discuss why you feel you#8217;re a great fit for this particular role and organization. This is of Poverty to Fight It Essay important because it not only shows that you did your homework and Rockets and Newton´s, research, but this is how you effectively customize a cover letter. What aspects attract you to the role?

How do you see yourself really thriving in this type of culture? What do you bring to the organization that#8217;s particularly unique? You might go into The Idea of Poverty, personal attributes here as well, perhaps soft skills like how your ability to customer model be flexible and adapt quickly makes you a strong candidate for successfully navigating a career change, or your passion for your work has proved valuable in moving up through your organization. I#8217;ve been following Aspyre Solutions#8217; work and am intrigued by the new direction the agency is of Poverty and How taking in establishing itself as experts in the multicultural advertising space. This appeals to me greatly, as I also bring experience within the Hispanic market sector from my last role as a Designer for DraftFBC, in addition to being a native Spanish speaker and the undead are called... with z), having lived in Mexico for 3 years. To gain more experience in to Fight that space while leveraging my existing knowledge of the market would be the ideal next move in my career. 5) Finally, close out with 1 to 2 lines inviting them to contact you for customer a meeting: Be sure to thank them in advance for their consideration.

I welcome the of Poverty and How to Fight, opportunity to meet with you and discuss the needs of the position and my qualifications in more depth. Thank you in definition of cultural identity advance for your consideration, and I look forward to hearing from you regarding next steps. One thing to note is The Idea and How that your cover letter may address other areas outside of those mentioned, particularly if you#8217;re changing careers, or perhaps making a transition from being self-employed for a long period of time back into the traditional 9 to 5. Another potential area is discussing an employment gap, which I advise you to do so in a way that points back to model your strengths. Took time off to and How travel? What skills or knowledge, or cultural immersion did you gain along the way?

It#8217;s not the place to discuss maternity leave, illness, or other information that might be better left to a one-on-on conversation during an interview. Remember, this is your first impression, so make it your best. Need some additional inspiration for creating that perfect outreach letter? Try one of my customizable email marketing scripts to create an impactful message that grabs their attention. Modern! Try one of my templated email marketing scripts. Photo Credit: Michael Sauers of Flickr. A solid cover letter and resume is the key to landing the job interview.

Check out our suite of resume and branded content services. Do you need help crafting an impactful digital brand presence? BRS offers professional design services to help you create fresh, creative, and professional websites, infographics, logos, and of Poverty and How to Fight, business cards to complement your resume and other job search marketing materials. 1 Comment on My Proven Formula for Writing a Great Cover Letter Career Tips Resources Straight to Your Inbox. Copyright 2015 Brooklyn Resume Studio, New York.

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Research Paper Uniform Analysis Essay Sample. The purpose of the research study is to determine the relevance of uniform within the Private Hotel School and the opinions of students and faculty alike with regards to the use of uniform. The aim of this study was to The Idea involve all the students and faculty by utilizing a questionnaire form of gathering information. A random sample of questionnaires was selected, representative of the students (junior and senior) as well as the faculty. Through analysis of the questionnaire, information regarding the opinion of uniform was found, allowing the customer students to interpret how the student body and lecturers feel towards the and How to Fight use of uniform. The results were then presented graphically allowing the reader to view the analysis in the form of pie charts and bar graphs.

The research topic involved the opinion surrounding the use of uniforms in the Private Hotel School (PHS). For a wider opinion, a literature study was used to on Atticus display the opinions of people outside the organisation, how experts in The Idea It Essay, the field view the and Newton´s of Motion topic and the importance of the use of uniform in the industry itself. A questionnaire was then drawn up and administered to of Poverty and How to Fight It Essay the students and on Atticus in Harper To Kill, faculty at PHS to determine the The Idea to Fight It Essay importance of uniform on campus. The methodology used has positive and negative aspects. The positive side is that all answers are personal opinion and these are necessary for this type of study. The negative side is that people may be deceitful, or possibly skip out questions because they choose not to modern answer them. This can affect the research, implicating the The Idea of Poverty to Fight results at the end of the study.

A discussion is then formed based on the findings and the undead are called... z), results of the questionnaire. The Idea Of Poverty. By doing this, it can be explained what the answers mean and how they impact the outcome of the research. Conclusions and Essay about Rockets and Newton´s, recommendations are then formed and presented in order for the readers to decipher what will be done after the research study is complete. 3. Literature review. 3.1 Identifying the need for uniform.

Uniform is an of Poverty to Fight, integral part of the hospitality organisation with regards to cubism creating a professional image. It has been said, identifying uniform needs is much like determining linen needs (Frye Nitschke: 2008, p.507-511). Of Poverty And How It Essay. The image that is created by satisfaction employees within an The Idea of Poverty and How It Essay, organization is much like the linens used throughout the institution these should be crisp, clean and day prometheus, of the best possible quality, suitable for The Idea of Poverty and How the institution. Ultimately it is up to the managers and the uniform designers what is respectable attire for the employees of the hospitality organization, and the standards that are set for employee uniforms should be universal throughout all levels of employment (Frye Nitschke: 2008). With the definition of cultural identity consideration of the importance of uniforms within an organisation, it should be decided by the hotel who should pay for of Poverty and How to Fight the uniforms. The hotel may have a policy that has a strict uniform policy, in which case, it should be at the cost of the hotel to provide basic uniform for employees. The hotel should finance branding and logos printed on employee uniforms. If the satisfaction model hotel does not have a strict uniform policy and management decide to allow employees the freedom to wear unbranded clothing as uniform, the employees are then allowed to purchase and keep their own uniforms. Should the The Idea to Fight It Essay hotel provide employees with uniform, these are to be returned after their service has been terminated (Galegroup, online: 2012). The relevance of wearing a uniform can be described in different ways: practicality or aesthetically pleasing. For maintenance positions in hospitality, a formal uniform is impractical.

Maintenance uniform should therefore be comfortable and relaxed, but should resemble the institution one way or another. For example, the definition of cultural identity same colour scheme, a logo, branding or name should be evident on the employees garments (Galegroup, online: 2012). New uniform styles range from high-fashion designer suits to denims, authentic ethnic garb and themed costumes. The Idea Of Poverty And How To Fight It Essay. They can blend in with a hotels decor or make a distinct statement, enhance the mood of city sophistication or resort relaxation, or simply mimic street clothes while being a bit more functional (Spiselman: 1999). According to Spiselman (Galegroup, online:1999), uniform does not have to be the same everywhere; it can be fun, exciting and individual. By refurbishing the hotel, employee uniforms were redesigned making the staff happier and giving the hotel an all round makeover. The need for customer uniform in this particular example shows the The Idea of Poverty It Essay need for individuality and originality (Spiselman: 1999). The cost of a uniform and in Harper To Kill, the detail that often goes into uniform design can be extreme. Changing the design can cost a large amount of of Poverty and How to Fight money, but once done correctly, and tastefully it is well worthwhile. A hotel in Paris known as the Hotel Plaza Athenee, had not changed its uniform in 25 years, which was cause for a drastic and new change throughout the organization.

The basic current trend in hospitality organisations recently has been to eliminate uniformity, and unattractive attire, and replace it with suave, fun and original designs (Galegroup, online: 2012). Wearing a uniform creates image and loyalty to an organisation by employees correctly portraying a brand. It is important to be aware of definition identity essential uniform characteristics. These can include shape, design or choice of fabric. However, 33% of men and 26% of women identified cleanliness as the of Poverty to Fight most essential characteristic of a uniform (Rake, 2010). This encompasses the notion that uniform is important, not only for portraying a brand, but also the type of organisation that is in business.

A dirty uniform depicts a dirty institution, however a neat and clean uniform resembles a hospitality organization worth revisiting. The uniform and on Atticus To Kill, the way it is presented, portrays the very essence of the organization itself, which is why uniform is of critical importance. A first impression is a lasting impression, which is important when dealing with guests of of Poverty and How any ranking in a hospitality environment (Rake: 2010). The researcher conducted a literature review regarding the topic of the use of uniforms in definition identity, the industry. Five articles were collected from reliable websites, such as Infotrac.com, and were analysed in accordance with the relevance to PHS.

The researcher wrote up a literature review, and questions were developed to form a questionnaire. The Idea Of Poverty And How It Essay. The questionnaire had a total of Laws of Motion 52 questions; both short/closed questions as well as open-ended questions. Of Poverty And How It Essay. This allowed the sample population the chance to express opinion on certain questions asked. The questionnaire was administered during a student meeting where students and faculty members alike were required to answer the questionnaire to the best of their ability. The questionnaires were then collected and a random sample was selected for analysis. The researcher chose 15 closed questions to present in the form of charts and graphs, as well as five open ended questions. The open-ended questions chosen were relevant to five of the.

close-ended questions, predominantly explanation answers to the said questions and so on. Microsoft Excel was utilised in order to Essay about and Newton´s Laws form graphs and of Poverty and How to Fight It Essay, charts to represent information captured in the questionnaire. Day Prometheus. The twenty-six questions selected for the use of this research are relevant to the research. The remaining questions were either repetition or invalid to the research topic. 5. Results and discussion. 5.1 Facts and figures. A random sample used included thirteen questionnaires. Faculty members answered two of the thirteen questionnaires chosen; junior students answered five questionnaires and senior students answered six questionnaires. The 76.92% of the sample was 18-25 years old and the more dominant gender was female at 84.62%. The Idea And How It Essay. The overall consensus is that uniforms are beneficial to the industry as well as within in PHS. There was a 100% agreement that uniforms should be tailored to each individual, and satisfaction model, 84.62% of the sample agreed that uniform inspires pride.

The dominant feeling towards career building is believed by the group to be dependent upon the use of uniform and correct appearance, and it is believed that reputation is also positively influenced with eleven of the thirteen questionnaires indicating this. 76.92% of questionnaires answered, indicated that uniform does not influence behaviour, while 23.08% indicated that it does. The same results were received with confidence being boosted by wearing uniform. A strong 92.31% believed that wearing uniform is good preparation for The Idea of Poverty and How It Essay the industry, while 7.69% disagreed. Casual day is a popular choice with 69.23% of candidates agreeing that it is a good idea, 23.08% disagreeing with the idea and 7, 69% of the sample undeterred. The influence on who started quality of work had similar results with agree and disagree answers, seven out of thirteen people agree that uniform does influence the quality, while six out of It Essay thirteen disagree with this concept. The motivation to work from the appearance of colleagues has similar answers.

5.2 Discussion on open questions. Question two (a) is an elaboration on To Kill a Mockingbird question one, the answers to question two (a) are very similar in that the respondents express the It Essay use of uniform to exude professionalism as well as preparing the students for who started cubism the future in the industry. Question three, related to The Idea to Fight question two (b), stated mainly that by wearing uniform, the students are more mature and modern, behave in a professional manner while representing PHS. There were two respondents who suggested that wearing uniform could cause students to to Fight It Essay be rebellious, which means that the use of uniform could be a hindrance to certain students, however it is are called... with believed that uniform is The Idea to Fight It Essay considered a tool to students positive behaviour. Question nine asks whether the nazis respondent thinks staff/faculty should wear uniform, which was answered closely with eight out of thirteen recipients answering yes while five of the to Fight thirteen recipients said no. About Rockets And Newton´s Laws. In question ten, the recipients that answered yes believe that staff should wear similar uniforms to the students, with the alteration of black instead of navy. The opposition had no suggestion, as it was not required of them to give a written response.

Question seventeen resulted in some negative feedback regarding a hospitality establishment devoid of wearing uniform. The responses from the The Idea of Poverty It Essay questionnaire stated that first impressions of such an establishment were that it is unprofessional and most respondents would not like to stay or eat there. On Atticus To Kill. Question twenty-two asks the respondents to to Fight It Essay give feedback on their opinion of what should be considered when choosing a uniform in the hospitality industry. The feedback was centered on comfort, style, appearance, functionality and durability. Question thirty-nine regarded the topic of customer motivation and uniform which lead to neck-and-neck responses of The Idea of Poverty and How to Fight It Essay six of thirteen respondents answering yes and the same amount answering no. Question forty leads on from this, requesting motivation for those answering yes.

The six people answering yes stated that the appearance of colleagues makes those people feel part of a team, and encourages them to who started have pride in The Idea and How to Fight, their appearance as well. Question forty-three related the appearance and attendance issue. Eight out if thirteen respondents disagreed with the concept of integrating appearance and attendance, mainly because they felt that the two are not related at all. The counter argument for this is that if appearance is incomplete, standards are incomplete and therefore attendance is incomplete. Question forty-four relates to success in the industry based on appearance, which approximately 84% of respondents agree is modern day prometheus significant. The reason for this is The Idea of Poverty to Fight It Essay that, according to the responses, first impressions last and a professional appearance is a positive image. Faculty and students answered all the definition identity questions in the questionnaire, and the information has been analysed using the information provided by the responses on each questionnaire. The first recommendation would be to allow students the The Idea of Poverty chance to cubism select the uniform of choice. Students feel comfortable in and How It Essay, clothes they, themselves, have chosen. This recommendation could be tricky, due to varying views, opinions and taste, however if the student body can work together as a group, a decision should easily be made.

The second recommendation refers to lecturers who have earned the right to who started not have to be forced to wear uniform. The policy that stands is of Poverty It Essay that lecturers are required to wear respectable clothing. The thought of having faculty members in the same uniform as students, or even wearing a uniform at all is unrealistic and an immature choice. An educational institution is a place for learning, not always for setting an on Atticus in Harper Lee´s To Kill, example (although this is also important in certain areas). In the industry I believe it is imperative that all staff members are dressed correctly, however in a learning environment I do not see the relevance for students. Of Poverty It Essay. The third recommendation is that appearances checks should be instilled in the students from the very beginning.

It is useful for Essay on Atticus in Harper Lee´s To Kill a Mockingbird lecturers to remind students about the dress code, however it is important for the students themselves to be completely aware of the importance of uniform and the relevance of its use. The fourth recommendation necessary for the research is that in order for students to appreciate their use of and How uniform, I would recommend the implementation of in Harper Lee´s one casual day per week. This will allow students to realize the importance of uniform and how it influences them positively in The Idea of Poverty and How to Fight, a professional environment. To conclude, it can firstly be deduced that uniform is an integral part of the hospitality organisation. Without uniform, students would be faced each day with the on Atticus Lee´s To Kill hassle of finding something to wear, which presents them correctly and professionally. Secondly, students behaviour, according to The Idea and How the results, is influenced dramatically by the use of uniform. About And Newton´s Laws. Thirdly, the vast majority agrees that formal uniform does, in fact have a positive influence on productivity, similarly it was agreed that uniforms have an impact on quality of work.

The fourth deduction made from the of Poverty and How to Fight It Essay research, showed that most of the respondents agreed that wearing uniform prepares students for the industry later on in life. The fifth observation made, investigated the on Atticus in Harper Lee´s a Mockingbird role uniforms play in the participation in The Idea of Poverty to Fight, class. The results of this showed that students disagreed with the hypothesis. Similarly, and for the sixth conclusion, wearing uniform does not influence motivation amongst colleagues necessarily. It was not unanimous; however there is more of a majority who agrees that uniform does not influence motivation. There was a strong feeling towards the reputation of PHS with regards to uniform.

For the seventh and final conclusion, it was recorded that majority of respondents agree that uniform does affect the reputation of Essay Lee´s To Kill PHS. 8. References sources list. Go.galegroup.com (n.d.) Gale Enter Product Login. [online] Available at: http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=Nonesort=DA-SORTinPS=trueprodId=SPJ.SP00userGroupName=privhschtabID=T003searchId=R3resultListType=RESULT_LISTcontentSegment=searchType. =BasicSearchFormtPosition=18contentSet=GALE%7CA15202218docId=GALE|A15202218docType=GALErole= [Accessed: 16 Jul 2012]. Go.galegroup.com (n.d.) Gale Enter Product Login. Of Poverty It Essay. [online] Available at: http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=Nonesort=DA-SORTinPS=trueprodId=SPJ.SP00userGroupName=privhschtabID=T003searchId=R3resultListType=RESULT_LISTcontentSegment=searchType=BasicSearchFormtPosition=12contentSet=GALE%7CA87145352docId=GALE|A87145352docType=GALErole= [Accessed: 16 Jul 2012]. Go.galegroup.com (n.d.) Gale Enter Product Login. [online] Available at: http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=Nonesort=DA-SORTinPS=trueprodId=SPJ.SP00userGroupName=privhschtabID=T003searchId=R3resultListType=RESULT_LISTcontentSegment=searchType=BasicSearchFormtPosition=11contentSet=GALE%7CA92937685docId=GALE|A92937685docType=GALErole= [Accessed: 16 Jul 2012]. Go.galegroup.com (n.d.) Gale Enter Product Login. [online] Available at: http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=Nonesort=DA-SORTinPS=trueprodId=SPJ.SP00userGroupName=privhschtabID=T003searchId=R4resultListType=RESULT_LISTcontentSegment=searchType=BasicSearchFormtPosition=11contentSet=GALE%7CA219519646docId=GALE|A219519646docType=GALErole= [Accessed: 16 Jul 2012].

Go.galegroup.com (n.d.) Gale Enter Product Login. [online] Available at: http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=Nonesort=DA-SORTinPS=trueprodId=SPJ.SP00userGroupName=privhschtabID=T003searchId=R3resultListType=RESULT_LISTcontentSegment=searchType=BasicSearchFormtPosition=6contentSet=GALE%7CA151270607docId=GALE|A151270607docType=GALErole= [Accessed: 16 Jul 2012]. Go.galegroup.com (n.d.) Gale Enter Product Login. And Newton´s. [online] Available at: http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA54517535v=2.1u=privhschit=rp=SPJ.SP00sw=w [Accessed: 23 Aug 2012]. Hayes, D. K., Ninemeier, J. D. Of Poverty To Fight. (2009). Human resources management in the hospitality industry. Day Prometheus. Hoboken, N.J., John Wiley Sons. p.94-95. Nitschke, A. and Frye, W. (2008) Managing Housekeeping Operations. 3rd ed. Lansing, Michigan: AMERICAN HOTEL LODGING EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE, p.507-511.

NINEMEIER, J. D., PERDUE, J. (2005). Hospitality operations: careers in the worlds greatest industry. And How. Upper Saddle River, N.J., Pearson/Prentice Hall. p.84-87. Walker, J. and Miller, J. (2012) Supervision in the Hospitality Industry: Leading Human Resources. 6th ed. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley Sons, Inc, p.42, 208-209.

9. Addendum A Charts and graphs. Figure 1: Gender of cubism respondents. Figure 2: Age of The Idea to Fight respondents. Figure 3: professional/scholarly position in the institution. 1. Do you think wearing uniform is important within the Private Hotel School? Figure 4: Importance of wearing uniform.

2. Who Started. Does uniform influence the way in which a student behave? Figure 5: Influence of behaviour. 6. Do you think benefits outweigh the of Poverty to Fight negative aspects of customer satisfaction model wearing a uniform? Figure 6: Benefits vs. negative aspects. 11. The Idea And How It Essay. Does wearing formal style uniform increase productivity? Figure 7: Increase/decrease in productivity. 12.

Do you feel more confident when wearing uniform? Figure 8: Confidence. 13. Do you think it is important for hospitality students to wear uniforms while studying in order to prepare them for the industry later on in life? Figure 9: Important influence on future. 14.

Do you think the uniforms should be specially fitted for each student? Figure 10: Special fitting. 16. Would you enjoy one casual day per week? Figure 11: Casual day. 20. Modern Day Prometheus. Do you think uniforms influence quality of work? Figure 12: Influence on quality of The Idea and How to Fight It Essay work. 30. Do you think students participate more in class when dressed in uniform?

Figure 13: Participation. 38. Do you think the satisfaction uniform promotes a sense of pride amongst the students? Figure 14: Promoting a sense of pride. 39.

Does the appearance of The Idea and How to Fight colleagues in uniform motivate you in any way? Figure 15: Motivation by colleagues. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Research Paper Uniform Analysis. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed!

Relevant essay suggestions for Research Paper Uniform Analysis. Are school uniforms good or bad? This question has created debates in many schools. There are many different reasons for school uniforms. Some say that school uniforms represent discipline and Do you think all high school students should be required to wear a uniform to school? Do you think all high school students should be required to wear a uniform to Essay a Mockingbird school? Should high school students be required to wear uniforms?

Parents and school administrators have Self-image is also affected positively when wearing a uniform. Its easier to dress your children for school. Identification of those who belong at school and those who dont is easier. Students Should Wear Uniform. Attention Getter: how many people against to wear school uniform?

Well this is the chance to change the mind. It Essay. According to school Uniform Awesome or Awful author states that Many School Uniform Be Banned. Speech on school uniforms Now, who likes to dress up? Who likes to be unique? I can tell you that wearing the same clothes as everyone is not very unique

Discursive Essay School Uniform. What is one of the important thing when you enter elementary, primary and secondary school? For pupils, beside education and facilities from school, they also have the necessity mandatory of

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340% revenue increase in 90 days Adwords Case Study. This is an adwords case study of an ecommerce store where the The Idea of Poverty to Fight 7Digits PPC team achieved a 340% growth in customer revenue solely by fine-tuning AdWords campaigns. In August 2016 a fairly large Hungarian wristwatch ecommerce store signed with 7Digits the The Idea to Fight objective was to polish AdWords revenue as much as we could. Laws? We sat down to The Idea of Poverty and How to Fight, identify key KPIs, business model and main products which was a challenge, since the store offers over six thousand different models. Customer Satisfaction? We were enthusiastic to see whether we could improve their adwords performance by The Idea of Poverty It Essay, a few percents. The account structure was pretty well thought out, the customer satisfaction model ad groups were sufficiently segmented checkmark All the campaigns had test ads and to Fight It Essay looking at the history it was obvious they were doing a pretty good job finding the best USPs for their customers, resulting in a whopping 15-25% CTR little room for of cultural improvement here#8230; Ad extensions were up and running, all settings properly adjusted damn, the previous guy knew the drill#8230; Quality score up in the clouds barely found any keyword under 8 pretty good job there too. Sigh, I have seen easier jobs than an almost perfectly polished account.

They didnt use broad match modifiers They only had campaigns for a few selected watch brands Their remarketing seemed to be overly broad. They were really, really close to The Idea of Poverty and How, get out the most of Adwords. It didnt seem like the day of the big impact for our small agency. We started with setting up a dynamic search ad for all the watches in stock by finding unique phrases on the product pages which were available without needing to wait for customer delivery. Ive picked this strategy because it wouldve been a gruntload of The Idea to Fight time to definition of cultural identity, gather the of Poverty to Fight statistically significant number of the undead with conversions before we can pick a set of keywords and create its own campaign based on data.

Now here comes the detailed part: Please feel free to skip this section if you#8217;re not here for the technical details. This is The Idea and How to Fight, how to achieve this kind of growth. In this section of this Adwords case study, I#8217;ll explain how to set up a Dynamic Search Ad campaign. Dynamic Search Ads Campaign Settings. If you havent tried it before, here is how to do it: Create a search network only campaign with all features enabled. Set up the locations, the budget, the language etc. Modern Day Prometheus? as you always do. When you get to the Advanced settings part, set it up like as we did on the image.

In our particular case we simply used Googles index because our site is and How, quite frequently indexed feel free to use your own feed at your will, though. Set up the pages you want to use dynamically. When you are done with the campaign settings, create an ad group and head to the Auto segments tab. About And Newton´s Laws? Add a Dynamic ad target (yeey theres a big red button for that): Set up the of Poverty and How pages you want to use dynamically. Day Prometheus? You will have several options like the The Idea and How It Essay ones here. You can choose from the customer model recommendations adwords provides for you, Target all your site or Target specific pages.

Consider your site#8217;s structure and product/service palette before you make your choice. We used the third option because it left us more control. This way you can choose specific URLs or even better, pages with specific content on The Idea of Poverty It Essay, it how cool is that? Also, we browsed our site to find common patterns among the who started cubism products we wanted to The Idea, promote and excluded all the on Atticus in Harper pages with the textual content Out of inventory: We were done with the settings, it was time to create some ads. You have two options here: creating simple text ads and/or dynamic ads. If youve split the site granularly enough you can use the expanded text ads to create specific copies. The Idea Of Poverty It Essay? In other cases choose dynamic ads and profit from the power of customer dynamic headlines but for a cost: youre going to have less characters to operate with in the other parts of the ad. Of Poverty It Essay? If youre ready with the ads, youre pretty much all set, all other sections are the same. Essay And Newton´s? You can create ad extensions, RLSA audiences and more if you want. We also added keywords with broad match modifier match type.

That way we could catch more search queries and gain additional ideas for profitable ad groups to The Idea It Essay, test. To the top of all difficulties, dialogue with the store had to be suspended for a month due to some unfortunate external issues to focus on from their side. No other options left, we let the campaigns collecting the data. I didnt have high hopes, but our team did whatever we could.. Essay On Atticus In Harper Lee´s? After a month of inactivity we finally got back on The Idea, track in December and we already had Christmas coming#8230; The very limited time frame before the Holidays didnt leave us much space to create heavenly creatives, but the the undead nazis are called... with z) company was one of our first clients; There was no plan B. The Idea Of Poverty To Fight? We badly needed to pull this off.

I dug deep into analytics and compared the previous 3 years to see which campaigns brought the definition of cultural identity most revenue for the lowest cost per conversion in this pretty broad period. The Idea? I also looked into the assisted conversions to make sure we dont pause anything that has significant role in the conversion path. Model? An action plan started to form. We took a deep breath, and. Reallocated our entire budget aligning the goals to the long-term insights.

Paused keywords and of Poverty and How to Fight ad groups with no conversion or too high cost per conversions (something the previous PPC expert just didnt dare to do before.) Wrote new ads, then rephrased them again and again. Expanded text ads were new at that time and I thought maybe moving quickly could be a significant advantage for us it turned out to be a colossal idea! We also set up a new remarketing campaign for cart abandoners leading them back to their cart. After the Essay about end of January we looked like this, compared to to Fight, the previous year: Better, but not the kind of miracle our valued client was looking for#8230; Lets take a quick look at assisted conversions: Better but its still not Nirvana. Are Called... (starts? Hell, how will I write an and How to Fight adwords case study from this? So we started to optimize the campaigns: we adjusted bids, added some negative keywords, wrote even more ad copies, set up bid adjustments by device type and rewrote the ad extensions. By February, it all came out to this: At the customer model end, we managed to increase last click conversions value. plus the bonus in assisted conversions!

We still have a lot of room for improvement, we are testing new keyword groups, and writing even better ad copies. It Essay? For the record: Some of the cubism originals are working so well that we still couldnt outperform them at The Idea of Poverty It Essay least not by doing the regular optimization. Meanwhile, another squad of our team helped the client develop a 15 step guide to improve the shopping experience through influence psychology, while we, the geeks were focusing on further boosting conversion rates, and reducing bounce and cart abandonment rates. Key takeaways of this Adwords case study. Optimize for conversions and cost per conversion. Check assisted conversions before giving up on an ad group or campaign. Jumping at once on novel technologies like Expanded text ads were back then may have a huge result. A tiny bid modification here and adding some negative keywords there means the world! Never stop optimizing!

In this digital world, you can always do better and better is more sales. If you had any experience when tiny mods had a huge impact, please dont hesitate to satisfaction model, add a comment. If you know a similar adwords case study, feel free to add it in comment. I#8217;d also highly appreciate sharing this one. 6 E-commerce Growth Hacks That Will Change Your Game. The Idea Of Poverty And How It Essay? If you reached out to us from Hungary, you'll find our local blog clicking here:

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css essay liberalism Liberalism, as it developed in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and flowered in the nineteenth, puts major emphasis on the freedom of individuals to control their own destinies. Individualism is its creed; collectivism and of Poverty and How It Essay tyranny its enemy. Customer Model. The state exists to protect individuals from of Poverty It Essay, coercion by other individuals or groups and to and Newton´s, widen the range within which individuals can exercise their freedom; it is purely instrumental and has no significance in and of itself. Society is a collection of individuals and the whole is no greater than the sum of its parts. The ultimate values are the values of the individuals who form the society; there are no super-individual values or ends. Nations may be convenient administrative units; nationalism is an alien creed. In politics, liberalism expressed itself as a reaction against authoritarian regimes. Liberals favored limiting the rights of hereditary rulers, establishing democratic parliamentary institutions, extending the franchise, and guaranteeing civil rights. They favored such measures both for It Essay their own sake, as a direct expression of essential political freedoms, and as a means of facilitating the adoption of liberal economic measures. In economic policy, liberalism expressed itself as a reaction against are called... government intervention in economic affairs.

Liberals favored free competition at home and free trade among nations. They regarded the organization of economic activity through free private enterprise operating in a competitive market as a direct expression of essential economic freedoms and as important also in facilitating the preservation of political liberty. They regarded free trade among nations as a means of eliminating conflicts that might otherwise produce war. Just as within a country, individuals following their own interests under the to Fight pressures of competition indirectly promote the interests of the modern whole; so, between countries, individuals following their own interests under conditions of free trade, indirectly promote the and How to Fight It Essay interests of the world as a whole. By providing free access to goods, services, and resources on the same terms to all, free trade would knit the world into a single economic community. Liberalism has taken on a very different meaning in the twentieth century and particularly in the United States. This difference is least in the concrete political forms favored: both the nineteenth century liberal and the twentieth century liberal favor or profess to favor parliamentary forms, nearly universal adult franchise, and the protection of civil rights. Of Cultural. But even in politics there are some not unimportant differences: in The Idea of Poverty, any issue involving a choice between centralization or decentralization of political responsibility, the nineteenth century liberal will resolve any doubt in customer satisfaction model, favor of strengthening the importance of local governments at the expense of the central government; for, to him, the main desideratum is to strengthen the defenses against arbitrary government and to protect individual freedom as much as possible; the twentieth century liberal will resolve the same doubt in favor of increasing the power of the central government at the expense of local government; for, to him, the main desideratum is to strengthen the power of the The Idea government to do good for the people.

The difference is Essay Rockets, much sharper in The Idea of Poverty and How to Fight, economic policy where liberalism now stands for almost the opposite of its earlier meaning. Nineteenth century liberalism favors private enterprise and a minimum of government intervention. Twentieth century liberalism distrusts the market in all its manifestations and favors widespread government intervention in model, and control over, economic activity. Nineteenth century liberalism favors individualist means to foster its individualist objectives. Twentieth century liberalism favors collectivist means while professing individualist objectives. And its objectives are individualist in a different sense; its keynote is welfare, not freedom. As [Austrian-American economist Joseph] Schumpeter remarks, as a supreme, if unintended, compliment, the enemies of the system of private enterprise have thought it wise to appropriate its label. The rest of this article is devoted entirely to The Idea of Poverty and How to Fight It Essay, liberalism in its original meaning; and the term will be used throughout in definition, that sense. Political liberalism and economic liberalism derive from The Idea of Poverty to Fight It Essay, a single philosophy. Yet they have frequently led independent lives in application, which suggests that their relation to one another deserves examination in are called... (starts z), the realm of The Idea and How It Essay ideas as well. During the who started nineteenth century, many countries adopted large elements of economic liberalism, yet maintained political forms that were neither liberal nor developing at any rapid pace in a liberal direction.

Russia and Japan are perhaps the outstanding examples. During the twentieth century, countries that have achieved and maintained most of the concrete elements of the liberal political program have been moving away from The Idea of Poverty and How to Fight, liberal and toward collectivist economic policies. Great Britain is the most striking example; certainly for the first half of this century, the general drift of British economic policies has been toward greater direct intervention and the undead nazis are called... (starts with control by the state; this drift has been checked in the past few years but whether the check is more than transitory remains to The Idea of Poverty, be seen. Norway, Sweden, and, with a lag of several decades, the United States, exhibit much the same tendencies. As already noted, liberal thinkers and writers in the nineteenth century regarded political reforms as in large part a means of achieving economic liberalism. The earlier political forms concentrated political power in the hands of groups whose special interests were opposed to modern, such measures of economic liberalism as free trade. Let all the people have a vote, and there would be, so liberals like [British economist] James Mill argued, no special interest. And since the general interest was simply the interest of all the individuals composing the society, and these in turn would be furthered most effectively by economic liberalism, democracy could be expected to rid itself of the dead hand of government and to give maximum scope to the invisible hand of self-interest. In the twentieth century, a group of liberal thinkers, especially [American economist] Henry Simons, [Austrian-born economist] Ludwig von Mises, and [Austrian-born economist] Friedrich von Hayek, have emphasized that this relation also runs in reverse: that economic liberalism is and How to Fight It Essay, a means of achieving political freedom. Economic liberalism alone does not guarantee political freedomwitness the examples of customer Russia and The Idea to Fight Japan cited earlier.

But economic liberalism is, it is Essay on Atticus in Harper To Kill a Mockingbird, argued, an indispensable prerequisite for political freedom. The Idea Of Poverty And How To Fight. Historically, there are no countries that enjoyed any substantial measure of customer political freedom that did not also practice a substantial measure of economic liberalism. Analytically, the preservation of and How to Fight political freedom requires protection against the concentration of power; it requires the existence of largely independent loci of power. Political power by definition of cultural its nature tends to be concentrated; economic power can be highly deconcentrated if it is organized by means of an of Poverty to Fight It Essay, impersonal market; economic power can thus be an independent offset to of cultural, political power. Let both economic and political power be in the same hands and the only of Poverty and How, protection of political freedom is the in Harper To Kill a Mockingbird good will of those in powera frail recourse particularly in The Idea and How to Fight It Essay, view of the corrupting influence of power and the talents that make for political survival.

A few examples may clarify the asserted relation between economic and political freedom, though they cannot of course demonstrate it. A characteristic of a politically free society is of cultural identity, that proponents of radical reform in the structure of the society are permitted to express their views and to of Poverty to Fight, seek to modern day prometheus, persuade their fellows. It is a testimonial to The Idea and How It Essay, the freedom of the United States that socialist and communist magazines and who started cubism papers are published. Suppose a change to a collectivist economic society with government control of the bulk of economic activity. How could the proponents of of Poverty to Fight a return to capitalism secure the resources with which to publish a magazine urging their point of view? Through a government fund for dissidents? Through the collection of small sums from millions of government employees? If they had the resources in modern day prometheus, the form of The Idea of Poverty and How to Fight It Essay funds, what guarantee could they have that the government would sell them paper on the same terms as it does to others? In an economically liberal society, it is possible to get the general resources with which to spread dissenting views either by subsidies from a small number of individuals or by selling a magazine or other publication to many; and if there is a reasonable chance that enough people will want to buy a magazine expressing the minority view to make it profitable, even people who disagree fundamentally with the nazis with view will in their own self-interest provide the resources to of Poverty and How It Essay, make its establishment possible. In effect, there are thousands or millions of independent loci of power to Rockets and Newton´s of Motion, decide whether an idea is worth trying to promote, rather than the few or one in a political structure. And given the The Idea of Poverty to Fight It Essay general resources, there is modern, no further obstacle: in a thoroughly free market, the sellers of paper do not know whether the paper is going to the Daily Worker or the Foundation for Economic Education.

Perhaps some similar impersonal and effective guarantees of freedom to promote dissenting views could be contrived for a collectivist society; certainly no proponents of such a society have yet suggested any or even faced this problem squarely. As another example, consider those individuals who have lost or resigned government jobs in the United States in recent years because they were or were accused of being Communists. Government employment in of Poverty to Fight It Essay, our society is not a right and it is entirely appropriate that at least certain governmental positions should not be open to modern, actual or suspected Communists. The Idea To Fight It Essay. It is easy also to see how strong public feeling can lead to a closing of Rockets and Newton´s of Motion all government posts to Communists. Yet, the The Idea of Poverty and How It Essay maintenance of on Atticus Lee´s To Kill political freedom surely requires that people be free not only to believe in but also to advocate Communism; those of us who abhor Communism do so in part precisely because we know it would not grant us freedom to express contrary views; our defense against Communism is to persuade our fellow citizens of its evil, not to suppress its advocates. But if government employment were the only employment, nominal freedom to express extreme views would be a mockery.

The exercise of of Poverty and How to Fight this freedom would be at a prohibitive pricenamely, giving up the possibility of earning a living. By contrast, in the existing society, those who have left government employment have had a wide variety of other opportunities. The way a private market economy protects these opportunities is revealed most clearly by considering an individual who goes into farming and produces, say, wheat. The purchasers of the wheat do not know whether it has been produced by a Communist or a Fascist, a white man or a Negro; they could hardly discriminate if they wanted to. The competitive market in this way separates economic activity from intellectual or political activity and the more competitive the market, the more sharply it does so.

It is a paradox that minorities who have in this way the most to gain from Essay about and Newton´s Laws, a competitive society have contributed unduly large numbers to the ranks of its opponents. Many writers who emphasize the The Idea of Poverty and How importance of day prometheus economic liberalism as a prerequisite for political freedom have interpreted tendencies toward collectivism in recent decades as betokening a trend toward political serfdom. They may yet be proved right. So far, however, the The Idea and How to Fight It Essay relation they stress has manifested itself mostly in a very different way: namely, the collectivist tendencies have been checked because they tended to interfere with civil and about and Newton´s Laws political freedom; when the conflict has been reasonably clear, the collectivist policy has frequently given way. Perhaps the most striking example is British experience with the compulsory allocation of labor. Socialist economic thinking in the postwar period called for compulsory allocation of labor to achieve social priorities; though some compulsory powers were provided by law, they were never widely used; the and How powers themselves were permitted to Essay on Atticus in Harper a Mockingbird, lapse; and the whole character of attempted economic policy changed because compulsory allocation of labor so clearly interfered with widely and deeply cherished civil rights. We turn now to a more detailed examination of the content of of Poverty and How It Essay liberalism, particularly economic liberalism, and of the role it assigns to the state. This examination deals primarily with the principles that liberalism provides for judging social action. Any set of concrete proposals that these principles lead liberals to favor will vary with the particular circumstances of time and of cultural place, and consequently are less fundamental and invariant than the principles themselves. There is some possibility of being reasonably comprehensive with respect to principles; none, with respect to concrete proposals.

Principles for and How It Essay social action must be based on both ultimate values and a conception of the nature of man and the world. Liberalism takes freedom of the individualreally, of the familyas its ultimate value. It conceives of man as a responsible individual who is egocentric, in the sense not of being selfish or self-centered but rather of placing greater reliance on his own values than on those of his neighbors. It takes as the major problem of modern society the achievement of liberty and individual responsibility in a world that requires the co-ordination of many millions of people in modern, production to make full use of modern knowledge and technology. The challenge is to reconcile individual freedom with widespread interdependence. The liberal answer derives from the elementaryyet even today little understoodproposition that both sides to an economic transaction can benefit from it; that a gain to a purchaser need not be at the expense of a loss to the seller. If the The Idea and How transaction is voluntary and informed, both sides benefit; the buyer gets something he values more than whatever he gives up, and so does the seller. In consequence, voluntary exchange is a way to get cooperation among individuals without coercion. The reliance on day prometheus, voluntary exchange, which means on a free market mechanism, is thus central to The Idea of Poverty It Essay, the liberal creed. The working model which embodies this vision of a society organized through voluntary exchange is a free private enterprise exchange economy.

The elementary social unitthe family or householdis generally too small for efficient use of modern productive techniques. Accordingly, the productive unit takes the form of an the undead nazis (starts with z), enterprise which purchases productive serviceslabor, the The Idea of Poverty and How to Fight It Essay use of capital, and so onfrom households and other enterprises and sells the goods or services it produces to households and other enterprises. The introduction of such enterprises does not change the strictly voluntary and individual character of the cooperation, provided two conditions are satisfied: first, the enterprises are private, which means that the Essay in Harper To Kill a Mockingbird ultimate locus of authority and responsibility is an The Idea, individual or a group of individuals; second, individuals are free to definition, sell or not sell their services or to and How, buy or not buy products from particular enterprises, which means, also, that they are free to establish new enterprises. The final point deserves special emphasis in view of widespread misunderstanding of it. Free in the liberal conception of day prometheus free enterprise means freedom to establish enterprises, not freedom of established enterprises to do whatever they want. This is one of those familiar cases in which absolute freedom is The Idea and How to Fight, impossible because the freedom of some limits the freedom of others: the freedom of of cultural identity existing enterprises to do whatever they want, including combining to keep new entrants out The Idea and How It Essay, or to fix prices and divide markets, may limit the freedom of others to establish new enterprises or to make the best bargain they can. When such a conflict arises, the liberal tradition regards freedom of customer satisfaction model entry and of competition as basic; it therefore justifies state action to preserve competition and to make selling a product of higher quality or at a lower price the only means whereby existing enterprises can prevent new enterprises from being established. The most difficult practical problem in this area and one on which liberals have spoken with many tongues is combinations among laborersthe trade union problem.

In the free enterprise exchange economy envisaged by liberalism, the primary role of The Idea It Essay government is to preserve the rules of the model game by enforcing contracts, preventing coercion, providing a stable monetary framework, and, as just noted, keeping markets free. Beyond this there are only three major grounds on which government intervention is justified: (1) natural monopoly or similar market imperfections; (2) the existence of substantial neighborhood effects; (3) protection of children and other irresponsible individuals. An exchange is voluntary only when essentially equivalent alternatives exist; when an individual can choose whether to The Idea and How to Fight, buy from one enterprise or another, to work for one enterprise or another. Monopoly means the absence of alternatives and thus is incompatible with strictly voluntary exchange. Monopoly may arise from about Rockets of Motion, combinations among enterprises in circumstances where competition is entirely feasible, and, as already noted, liberal tradition justifies state intervention to preserve competition in such cases. But monopoly may also be natural, as in the textbook examples of a single spring providing drinking water, or of a product subject to The Idea of Poverty and How to Fight, such large economies of scale that the day prometheus most efficient productive unit is large enough to serve the whole market. The only available alternatives are then all bad: government regulation, government ownership, or private monopoly, and the problem is to choose the The Idea to Fight It Essay least of these evils.

As might be expected, liberals have no clear-cut answer. Definition Of Cultural Identity. Henry Simons, after observing in the United States the consequences of government regulation of such alleged natural monopolies as the railroads, concluded that government ownership was the least of the evils when monopoly was inevitable. [German economist] Walter Eucken, after observing in Germany the consequences of government ownership, concluded that government control was the least of the evils. And How. And some have argued that in a dynamic world private monopoly may well be, citing the case of the regulation of transportation in the United States as their prime example. Who Started Cubism. The Interstate Commerce Commission was established to protect the public against the railroads when railroads probably did have a large element of natural monopoly. The development of highway and air transport has largely eliminated any natural monopoly element in railroads, yet instead of the abolition of the Interstate Commerce Commission, government control has been extended to these other transportation media. The ICC has become a means of protecting the railroads from the competition of trucks instead of the public from the absence of competition. Fortunately for the possibility of a liberal society, the area within which natural monopoly is a serious problem is exceedingly limited, so that no large amount of government intervention is called for on this score. In practice, the claim of natural monopoly is more often an excuse for intervention desired on other grounds than a valid justification for intervention. A different kind of threat to strictly voluntary exchange arises from the so-called neighborhood effect. This occurs when the action of one individual imposes significant costs on other individuals for which it is not feasible to The Idea of Poverty to Fight It Essay, make him compensate them or yields significant gains to other individuals for which it is not feasible to make them compensate him. A simple example is that of an individual polluting a stream.

He has in effect forced other individuals further down the stream to exchange good water for bad; they clearly would have been willing to do so for a price; but it is not feasible to make this exchange the customer subject of voluntary agreement. Another, rather different example, is education. The education of a child is regarded as benefiting not only the The Idea of Poverty child and his parents but also other members of society, since some minimum level of education is a prerequisite for a stable and democratic society. Yet it is not feasible to identify the particular individuals benefited by the education of any particular child, much less the money value of the benefit, and so to on Atticus Lee´s To Kill, charge for The Idea to Fight the services rendered. In consequence there is justification on liberal grounds for the state requiring some minimum amount of customer satisfaction education for all children, even though this is above the amount parents would otherwise provide, and for meeting some of the cost of education from taxes imposed on all members of society.

Of course, all actions of an individual involve some unborne costs and The Idea of Poverty inappropriable benefits to third parties. It is always a question of judgment whether these are sufficiently great in any particular case to justify state intervention: the state too will be plagued by identity the difficulties of identifying costs and It Essay benefits that prevent voluntary exchange and there are other costs of state action. The liberal philosophy thus gives no hard and fast line separating appropriate from inappropriate state action in about Rockets and Newton´s Laws, this area. But it does emphasize that, in deciding any particular case, one general cost of state actionone general neighborhood effect, as it weremust always be taken into The Idea to Fight account; namely, that the extension of state action involves an encroachment on individual freedom. The liberal regards this as a count against any proposal for state action, though by no means a fatal obstacle to it, and hence requires a clear net balance of gains over the undead nazis are called... z) other costs before regarding the state action as justified. The third ground on which liberalism justifies state intervention derives from an ambiguity in the ultimate objective rather than from the of Poverty to Fight It Essay difficulty of achieving fully voluntary exchange. The belief in freedom is for responsible individuals; and children and insane people cannot be regarded as responsible.

In general, this problem is avoided for children by treating the family as the basic unit of society and so regarding the parents as responsible for who started their children. In considerable measure, however, this procedure rests on expediency rather than principle. The problem of drawing a reasonable line between action justified on It Essay, these paternalistic grounds and action that conflicts with the freedom of modern day prometheus responsible individuals is clearly one to which no fully satisfactoryand certainly no simpleanswer can be given. A few additional examples may clarify the bearing of and How to Fight these principles in judging particular acts of social policy. Consider first a group of measures that clearly conflict with liberal principles: tariffs, direct controls of Essay in Harper Lee´s imports and The Idea of Poverty exports, exchange control, general price controls. None of in Harper Lee´s a Mockingbird these can be justified on any of the grounds for state intervention that we have listed. Each represents an interference with the freedom of individuals to engage in any transactions that they want to, which do not have substantial effects on third parties, and thus involve a direct interference with essential freedoms. An extreme case which brings out to Fight, this feature strikingly is the tourist allowance incorporated in the exchange control regulations of a number of countries; as the Economist puts it, it sets a limit on definition of cultural, the length of time that even the and How most economical British resident can choose to spend abroad without asking the permission of modern some bureaucrat. The Idea. Finally, most of these measures prevent the market from definition, operating effectively and of Poverty and How thus threaten the heart of the liberal system. For example, if a legal maximum price is Essay on Atticus in Harper, established below the level that would otherwise prevail, a shortage will inevitably follow (as in housing under rent control); some method other than the free market will have to The Idea, be used to ration the available amount; and further government intervention replacing the market is cubism, set in train. A second rather different example is and How It Essay, medicine.

As already noted, significant neighborhood effects justify substantial public health activities: maintaining the purity of cubism water, assuring proper sewage disposal, controlling contagious diseases. There is little or no justification on these grounds for state intervention into private medicinethe care and The Idea and How It Essay treatment of individuals. Under liberal principles, this is a function the the undead (starts z) market can and should perform. To the argument of the proponent of socialized medicine that there is great uncertainty about possible medical bills, the liberal will reply that the market is perfectly capable of providing private insurance; if people don't want to pay the premium, that is their free choice. To the argument that people don't get as much medical service as is good for them, the liberal will reply that each man should judge for himselfnot that he is necessarily the best judge but that he should make his own mistakes; insofar as we think he is making the wrong decision, there is no objection to of Poverty and How, telling him what we think and trying to persuade him, but there is no justification for making his decision.

A third example is public housing. It may be that certain types of are called... with z) housing, e.g., dense slum districts, impose higher costs of police and fire protection on the community. This literal neighborhood effect, since its source can be identified, would justify higher taxes on The Idea of Poverty to Fight It Essay, such property than on others to meet these extra costs; it hardly justifies subsidies to definition of cultural identity, housing. The main argument for public subsidy to housing is to Fight, surely paternalistic: people need or deserve better housing, and it is appropriate to use public funds to definition identity, provide housing. The liberal will object on two different levels. Given that some people are to be subsidized, why not give them the subsidy in general purchasing power and let them spend it as they will? Why say to The Idea and How, them, we will give you a gift if you take it in the form of Essay Lee´s To Kill housing but not otherwise? Does this not involve an unnecessary restriction on their freedom? Second, he will question the redistribution of income itself that is involved in such a programand, indeed, one advantage of making the subsidy explicit is The Idea of Poverty and How to Fight, that it would make clear what groups are being subsidized. Government relief of poverty, the the undead nazis are called... with z) liberal will support and welcome, primarily on the explicitly paternalistic ground of taking care of the irresponsible. But the more or less indiscriminate transfer of of Poverty and How to Fight income involved in large scale public housing schemes, he will regard as undermining individual responsibility.

The way to reduce inequality, he will urge, is not by the misleading palliative of customer satisfaction model sharing the The Idea of Poverty to Fight It Essay wealth, but by improving the workings of the market, strengthening competition, and widening opportunities for individuals to make the most of who started cubism their own qualities. These two final examples illustrate how the The Idea to Fight It Essay central virtue of a liberal society is at the same time a major source of the objections to it: a liberal society gives people what they want instead of what a particular group thinks they ought to want or thinks is good for them; it makes it equally difficult for the benevolent and the malevolent to shape other people in their own image. At bottom of most arguments against the market is lack of belief in freedomat least for other peopleas an end. [British philosopher] Adam Smith provides an excellent summary of the preceding discussion of the role of the the undead nazis state in a liberal society: Every man, as long as he does not violate the The Idea of Poverty to Fight laws of justice, is left perfectly free to pursue his own interest his own way, and to on Atticus Lee´s To Kill, bring both his industry and capital into The Idea of Poverty and How to Fight It Essay competition with those of modern any other man, or order of men. The sovereign is completely discharged from a duty, in the attempting to perform which he must always be exposed to innumerable delusions, and for the proper performance of of Poverty to Fight which no human wisdom or knowledge could ever be sufficient; the duty of superintending the industry of private people, and of directing it towards the employments most suitable to of cultural, the interest of the society.

According to the system of natural liberty, the sovereign has only three duties to attend to; three duties of great importance, indeed, but plain and intelligible to common understanding: first, the to Fight duty of protecting the the undead nazis are called... z) society from the violence and invasion of other independent societies; secondly, the duty of protecting, as far as possible, every member of the society from the injustice or oppression of every other member of it, or the duty of establishing an exact administration of justice; and, thirdly, the duty of erecting and maintaining certain public works and The Idea of Poverty and How It Essay certain public institutions, which it can never be for the interest of any individual, or small number of individuals, to customer satisfaction, erect and maintain; because the profit could never repay the expense to any individual or small number of individuals, though it may frequently do much more than repay it to a great society.