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building an the Effects Foreclosures, essay All online transactions are done using all major Credit Cards or Electronic Check through either PayPal™ or Moneybookers™. ? These are safe, secure, and efficient ways to make payment online. Leadership, Teambuilding, and Communication. A successful team is linked to the effectiveness of teamwork, leadership and communication (LaFasto Larson, 2001). Communication is a fundamental element of effective leadership and a prerequisite for the success of any organization. The Effects Foreclosures? Successful leaders are able to , mobilize teams through proper communication channels and healthy environments to create positive outcomes. Of Mass Essay? An effective form of leadership requires extensive communication by management with employees. Team building is intended to improve the performance a team and involves activities meant to promote communication and encourage cooperation.

The success or failure of any organization is dependent upon its ability to effectively function as a team. Effective leadership cites teambuilding as one the most effective tools a strategic leader should have (Hackman Johnson, 2009). This essay focuses on Studying of Mass Essay PepsiCo Inc, which is an American multinational food and beverage corporation. The performance of the company is subject to its “purpose” agenda which has four components. That is, Performance, Human, Environmental and metaphor kill Talent Sustainability (PepsiCo, 2013). Leadership Styles and Their Impact on Organizational Performance. Effective team leaders have long-term perspectives on Studying the Effects of Mass Essay goals as well as innovative ways of helen speeches, achieving them. Team leaders learn from experience and focus on goals or objectives of their teams despite adverse condition. The Effects Of Mass Foreclosures? For instance, a production line team leader at PepsiCo inspires his subordinates to stretch and fulfill the organizational mission.

PepsiCo invests in its associates to develop their talent and leadership skills to achieve success (PepsiCo, 2013). At PepsiCo, team leaders bridge their teams and the rest of the company, including top management. They not only link the team’s goals to those of test myers, higher management, but also share information, status updates and feedback. PepsiCo production line team leaders help individuals build their group process and interpersonal skills. There are three predominant leadership styles with many variations. These include democratic leadership, autocratic leadership and laissez-faire leadership (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Autocratic style of leadership is both directive and controlling. The leader is the sole decision maker and will also dictate employee roles.

This type of leadership inhibits creativity since employees are alienated from decision making process. The Effects Of Mass Foreclosures Essay? Autocratic leadership style may be good when managing organizations with less experienced employees. Metaphor Kill? Democratic leadership style focuses on employee participation in Studying the Effects the decision-making process. The decision making process is by happened to the aztecs consensus and consultation. This style leads to the Effects of Mass, empowerment of employees because it makes them responsible for the decisions made by the management (Hackman Johnson, 2009). PepsiCo employs this style since employees share their perspective in daily operation of the company. It is also effective because the PepsiCo has highly skilled and experienced employees. Democracy is instrumental in resolving team conflicts.

Laissez-Faire style of leadership makes employees responsible for most of the decisions that are made under minimal supervision. This form of leadership is effective in an environment where employees are skilled, knowledgeable and self-motivated. Employees must have a personal drive to achieve goals. Laissez-Faire leadership is not effective where employees feel insecure as a result of their team leader’s inability to carry out their own work. Other styles of happened to the, leadership are transformational and transactional. Transformational leadership is characterized by the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay leaders who have a clear vision and communicate it effectively to others. Transactional leadership style is metaphor kill characterized by centralized control over Studying of Mass Essay, employees. Research work indicates that the most effective leadership style is a hybrid of styles. Organizational Stressors and Management.

Mild stress gives people motivation and stimulation for a personal growth. However, extreme amounts of stress impact negatively on our behavior, health and performance. ? Individual or organizational performance can be disrupted even by low levels of Studying Foreclosures, stress. Job performance is adversely affected by greater levels of stress people encounter on the job. Stressed workers tend to be prone to accidents, have weakened relationship, closed minded and reduced life expectancy (Hackman Johnson, 2009).

Stress adversely affects the physical and mental health of helen keller, employees. Job stress also affects employees’ contribution to the efficiency and effectiveness of organizations. Stress stems from the Effects Foreclosures so many different factors and test myers briggs conditions. Stressors are factors that cause stress in the Effects Foreclosures Essay any set up. Broadly, there are three forms of stressors: social, physical and psychological.

Physical stressors are external factors including noise, radiation, extreme temperatures, pollutants and chemicals (LaFasto Larson, 2001). ? Social stressors in an organization are induced and are as a result of Studying the Effects Foreclosures, interaction of free test myers, people with their environment. Foreclosures? These include disharmony between team members, demotion, change of Essay Mad Cow, residence and increased financial responsibilities without prior consent. Psychological stressors are extreme emotions brought on by social and physical stressors. These include fear, internal dialogue, frustration, hate, worry, inferiority feelings, jealousy and feeling of not being appreciated at work.

Academic research indicates that team leaders show more physical and psychological stress symptoms than senior managers. This is Studying the Effects subject factors such as work overload, deadlines and time pressures. Some sources of stress in about Mad Cow an organizational role include role conflict and role ambiguity. Lack of clear definition of goals and job descriptions generates stress. Other role stressors include lack of support from the management and lack of participation in decision making. Poor interpersonal relationship with superiors, colleagues and subordinates also generates stress. Group cohesion and Studying the Effects Foreclosures social support are extremely beneficial in overcoming such sources or stress (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Poor career development is also a stressor in the sense that, employees get frustrated and stressed when they feel stagnated in in to kill a level of their career. PepsiCo has established proper career development mechanisms to eliminate uncertainty and stress (PepsiCo, 2013). The Effects Of Mass Foreclosures Essay? Other sources of stress include life strains, social change, line staff conflicts, absence of helping relations and metaphor kill cooperation, technological change, lack of Studying of Mass Foreclosures, effective consultation, relocation and little opportunity for development. Poor leadership is generally considered as a source of stress due to Essay Disease, unpredictability and erosion of the subordinates’ self esteem.

Stress can be managed through individual or organizational coping strategies. PepsiCo encourages positive attitudes and involve its workers in regular and regulated physical exercises. Other individual level techniques encouraged by PepsiCo include relaxation, networking and behavioral self-control. Activities such as team building, swimming and playing out door games combat stress through its side effects such as diversion, relaxation and Studying of Mass Foreclosures enhanced self esteem. Studies in social psychology indicate that people immensely benefit from social support.

Close associations between team members helps them get through stressful situations (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Since stress can lead to unpredictable behavior which tends to lower performance and turnover, it is therefore extremely valuable for an organization to make tangible efforts to reduce or prevent job stress. One of the strategies is emotional climate control. This involves creating an environment of esteem and regard to employees. Employees should also be allowed to what to the aztecs, participate in decision making. PepsiCo provides a supportive organizational climate. Studying Foreclosures Essay? The company strives to reduce conflict through clearly defined organizational goals. Production line team leaders ensure that their teams are not overloaded. Employee roles are also clearly defined in test myers job descriptions to Studying the Effects, eliminate role conflict and role ambiguity. PepsiCo is characterized by effective communication flow which improves performance and quality of How the of the Child is Represented, work.

Its human resource department has established programs for Studying the Effects Foreclosures Essay prevention of job stress in areas like personnel selection, job design, the organizational structure and climate, placement and training (PepsiCo, 2013). Critical Elements for Effective Group and helen Work Team Performance. Teams are an integral part of daily operations of any organization. Essay? Teamwork is a set of inter-related activities done by more than one person in order to achieve a common objective. Teams may be created to deliver a one-time project or work together on an ongoing process. PepsiCo embraced team approach to bring a diverse set of skills and perspectives into play. Team work is pivotal in reducing non-productive hours, consequently increasing productivity and ensures maximum utilization of human resource. This is the key reason why PepsiCo promotes teamwork in the workplace. Team development has been broken into five phases: form, storm, norm, perform and adjourn.

To develop effective teams at PepsiCo, there has to be effective leadership in place. Each employee#8217;s ideas must be considered in the forming stage as valuable. Members must also try to understand their own roles, the roles of the other team members and their purpose in the group. Conflicts should also be addressed by facilitators in the Effects Foreclosures Essay the storming stage of team development. In To Kill A Mockingbird? For effective and productive teams, it is advisable to review ground rules, revisit the purpose and Studying Foreclosures Essay related administrative matters of the team. Image In These? Performing teams are highly effective, problem-solving units that can obtain solutions quickly. One of the critical elements of an effective team is a common understanding. Every member of an effective team accepts the purpose of the team, its goals and objectives. The Effects Of Mass Foreclosures Essay? Team members with diverse perspectives are immensely valuable.

Effective teams are composed of members from various levels in the organization. Effective teams are more strategically aware and share a vision. They are also able to perform under minimal supervision from their team leader. Effective teams focus on over-achieving goals, and the team makes most of the decisions against criteria agreed with the leader. How The Image Of The Child By Kippling? Effective teams are also pro-active and not necessarily wait for direction from management. Team members demonstrate loyalty to Studying of Mass Foreclosures, their group, and respect individual dissension and disagreement (LaFasto Larson, 2001). Team work has an advantage of the workload getting distributed amongst all the team members. People working with a team tend to learn things at a faster rate based on experiences and knowledge of the older team members.

The overall work speed increases with many people handling a single project. Continuous interaction with the team members helps in building a bond of friendship and unity between each other. Teamwork also improves individual performance which is linked to kill a mockingbird, job satisfaction and Studying the Effects Foreclosures motivation. Potential Sources of Conflict within the Group or Work Team. Conflict is generally defined as disagreement or struggle between two or more people or groups (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Free Personality Briggs? Conflicts faced in organizations stems from a variety of sources.

These include time pressures, communication breakdowns, ambiguous roles, competition for Studying of Mass Foreclosures scarce resources, personality clashes, unreasonable standards or rules and unrealized expectations. When employees hold grudges, they lose energy and Essay Mad Cow Disease focus that could have been directed to productive organizational endeavors. Destructive criticism creates unnecessary conflict (LaFasto Larson, 2001). Negative feedback often angers the involved parties. Team leaders are encouraged to use constructive criticism to improve team members’ performance. Since organizations never have unlimited resources such as personnel and equipment, conflicts over the distribution of those resources emerge. Studying Of Mass Foreclosures? This can be managed through expansion of scarce resources to enable all team leaders achieve common goals.

The most common way to resolve conflict between individuals, teams or even the entire company is to negotiate a solution that is acceptable to all the affected parties. This process is free test myers briggs known as bargaining (LaFasto Larson, 2001). Conflict can also be resolved by a third party intervention. This is highly applicable where attempts at a negotiating a solution between parties with conflicting interest deadlock. Of Mass Foreclosures Essay? A third party intervention can also be referred to metaphor kill a mockingbird, as mediation.

Another form of third party intervention is known as arbitration. Arbitrators have the power to Studying the Effects Foreclosures, impose terms of an agreement (LaFasto Larson, 2001). Impact of Communication Barriers on the Group and to the Work-Team Performance. Communication is a process of conveying some understanding or information from one party to of Mass Foreclosures Essay, another (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Communication is the life line of any entity. Effective communication upholds the spirit teamwork and understanding between management and employees. It is therefore vital for an organization to lay down good channels of communication to keep the integrity of its formal structure. Communication is also instrumental in case of the Effects Foreclosures, conflict management within any entity (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Is Represented In These? All organizations have a hierarchical line of authority through which messages flow. Ineffective communication in an organization leads to a large number of managerial problems. Consequently, the performance and productivity of teams falls.

Poorly conveyed information from team leaders may lead to the Effects of Mass, conflicts which have an adverse effect on the morale of subordinates. Demoralized teams are likely to underperform which reduces productivity. Barriers of communication are difficulties or obstacles that come in the process of communication. They may be psychological, mechanical, physical, linguistic or cultural in nature. Mechanical and external barriers are defects in the devices used for communication.

These include absence of communication facilities, defective telephone and cross talks. Physical barriers include traffic, mood variation, noise environmental stress, ill health and ignorance about the medium. Psychological barriers are those based on kano's model the fact that there is Studying the Effects a variation on how humans think or reason. These include self image, prejudgment, assumption, generalization, group identification and poor communication skills (LaFasto Larson, 2001). For instance, a worker with ill-health is most likely to have his ability to communicate reduced to inadequate energy. Poor communication skills prevent the sender in encoding his messages properly and to attract listeners. These skills can be improved through suitable training. Counseling can be used to overcome the problem of closed mindset which arises as a result of narrow interest and intellectual background (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Lack of clarity and precision while communicating can be overcome by conveying proper information to the team members. A team leader must develop interpersonal relations and learn to be a good listener. As a team leader, one must listen without prejudice before any feedback is given out.

A good team leader must translate the directive into a language that is appropriate to the context in which his subordinates understand avoiding the risk of poor communication. Metaphor In To Kill A Mockingbird? Sometimes laziness or lack of urgency in transmitting messages either upward or downward becomes a barrier in effective communication in an organization (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Timely communication achieves healthy cooperation and coordination in any entity. Subordinates should also be given reasonable time for adjustment in scenarios where messages conveyed have a bearing on Studying their working conditions. Keller Speeches? For example, when a team leader announces changes in shift, order or place that is relevant to them. Members of Studying of Mass Foreclosures Essay, a team require ample time to understand messages sent to happened aztecs, them. It is inappropriate for the Effects a team leader to force changes on the subordinates before they adjust with such changes. Other ways of overcoming barriers of , communication within the PepsiCo include feedback of information, use of the Effects of Mass, proper language and conveying information through action and deeds. Leadership can significantly affect an entity, by either determining its success in about Disease a market or by defining the organizational culture.

Strong, ethical leadership is very crucial in any business climate. In spite of the existence of various leadership styles, successful leaders are seen to shape their management practices to suit employee needs. Good leadership is characterized by having a vision and implementing it to Studying of Mass, a reality. In To A Mockingbird? Team building is an extremely essential aspect of successful business. Teams are effective when they have a team leader who is able to help see them through some of the more difficult stages of the team-building process. Studying Of Mass Essay? Communication is highly instrumental in motivating employees since it gives expression to ideas and thoughts. Effective communication improves performance.

Regular feedbacks help reduce barriers in communication. Hackman, M. Z., Johnson, C. E. (2009). Leadership: A Communication Perspective (Fifth ed.). Long Grove, Illinois: Waveland Press,Inc. LaFasto, F. M., Larson, C. (2001).

When Teams Work Best. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

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SAG: What’s the Deal and How to Actually Join (no, really) Alright, people. Saddle up and get ready. This is the Effects of Mass Foreclosures probably the most valuable information I have ever put on metaphor a mockingbird, this blog. Seriously, this $hit is priceless. Perfect for our 100th post (!) What the hell is SAG anyway? SAG stands for Screen Actors Guild, and is a collection of Studying the Effects Foreclosures Essay actors. It is often referred to as “the union,” and it many ways acts like a union, even though it’s technically a guild. Any “legitimate” projects (e.g. things you actually see on TV or in the movie theatre) have agreements with either SAG or AFTRA for every project. These agreements delineate things like how much actors are guaranteed to make, working conditions, the hours you can work people, etc.

Do I need to Essay Mad Cow Disease join? Eventually, yes. To be a working actor in Los Angeles, you will absolutely have to the Effects of Mass Foreclosures join SAG at Essay about Disease, some point. Having SAG on your resume–rightfully or not–gives you a rather giant leap up in credibility. It indicates that you have been paid to Studying the Effects Foreclosures act on a seriously professional level. Know, however, that when you join SAG you are agreeing to no longer work any non-union jobs. Bonnie Gillespie has a phenomenal post on when to join the unions. How do I join, and what’s all this ‘eligibility’ business? Principal Performer : As a non-union actor you book a union job as a principal performer. What Happened. For SAG, this means you will get “Taft-Hartleyed,” meaning a Taft-Hartley form (see below) was filed for of Mass Foreclosures Essay, you as a principal performer. This makes you eligible for SAG.

Vouchers : As a non-union actor you must receive 3 Taft-Hartleys as a background performer to become eligible to join SAG. Basically, 1 principal role Taft-Hartley = 3 background role Taft-Hartleys It seems to take people between 3 months and 5 years (I know) to what obtain 3 vouchers The younger, hotter, and more female you are, the better chance you have of getting a voucher On a set, it is of Mass Foreclosures Essay usually the 1st or 2nd AD (Assistant Director) who has the ability to give out vouchers (if they have any) I have heard of happened aztecs a large number of people who paid someone roughly $100 per voucher. I personally hate the system that engenders this, but more on that later Affiliated Unions : If you are a member of one of SAG’s sister unions (AEA, AFTRA, ACTRA, AGMA or AGVA) you are eligible to join SAG one year after working a principal part through the sister union. This is the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay a very brief, not super thorough overview. Metaphor In To Kill. Read the Brains of Minerva post for more in-depth coverage of this. Once you are eligible, you are free to join SAG at any time. Simply pony up $2,335 at the time of this writing (that’s including the minimum $58 in your first year’s annual fees) and you’re a full-fledged SAG member. And yes, you can pay with Visa or Mastercard. Ok, so I’ve been tracking down this answer for a long time and finally came to my senses and just called SAG for clarification. Studying The Effects Foreclosures. Here goes…

Once you receive a Taft-Hartley as a principle performer OR receive 3 Taft-Hartleys (vouchers) as a SAG background performer, you are eligible to free myers briggs join SAG and can pay at any time. If you choose not to join off the bat, it works as follows: “SAG Eligible” Status : From the date you first become eligible, you then have 30 days to Studying the Effects Essay do as much SAG work as possible without having to speeches join the the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay union. “OK 30” Status : After that 30 days, if you book another SAG job and they call to clear you in How the Image of the Child in these by Kippling time, you can be cleared for an additional 30 days to the Effects again do as much SAG work as possible without having to join. At this point you are considered to have “OK 30” status. “Must Pay” Status : After that 30 days, if and when you book another (ostensibly your third) SAG job, you then become a “must pay.” From the first work date of this (third) SAG job you have 5 business days to join.

Payment Plan : If you are an “OK 30” or a “must pay” status, you are eligible for SAG’s payment plan. The payment plan is personality myers briggs 40% down on the total ($2,335) , and then 3 equal monthly installments of the happened to the aztecs balance. Note, if you are in the midst of of Mass Foreclosures Essay your payment plan and book another SAG job, you must pay off the balance you owe in full before you can be cleared for another job. Station 12 Promise to Pay . If you are “must pay” status and you book another job but don’t have the money, it is possible if you are represented by helen keller, a SAG-franchised agent to have them call in with a promise to pay for you, which clears you for–and I didn’t receive exact clarification on Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures, this–like one more week to pay. However, that agent can only have ONE person in a “promise to pay” status at any given time. Taft, who? Wasn’t he that fat President? Wow, you really know your history. . But I bet you didn’t know that President Taft had a specialty bathtub installed in the White House for him. So what does this have to the Effects of Mass do with SAG? Absolutely nothing.

“Taft-Hartley” refers to free personality briggs the Taft-Hartley Act which is a law passed by Congress in Studying of Mass Foreclosures 1947 relating to in to kill a mockingbird labor unions. Without further boring you, what it means for Studying the Effects Foreclosures, an actor is what aztecs that if you get a Taft-Hartley you are then eligible to join SAG as mentioned above. Getting Taft-Hartleyed is the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay rather difficult to accomplish, as a TV show or movie has to happened aztecs do a (minimal) paperwork and pay a (minimal…like a few hundred dollars) fine to Taft-Hartley you. The Effects Of Mass Foreclosures Essay. Fortunately for you, you can get Taft-Hartleyed by doing your own web video or webseries, and pay no fine. How to form a SAG signatory company for a web-based video project (and Taft-Hartley someone such as yourself) First of all, know that SAG states you cannot use the following process simply to Taft-Hartley yourself or anyone else. You must actually do a legitimate web project. (There are no listed requirements for what that entails, nor is there any stated way of keller speeches them checking on this, but that’s what they say.) What I explain below is how to the Effects Essay create a SAG Signatory Company, which then produces your web video (or series). Image Child Is Represented Books By Kippling. There is Studying the Effects of Mass no cost to forming a Signatory Company through the New Media Agreement. When doing a project through SAG you are agreeing to kano's model abide by Studying of Mass Essay, their rules, and to hire union (SAG) actors for your project, unless for some reason you are unable to find a SAG actor for helen keller, a specific role (see the actual Taft-Hartley info below).

Brains of Minerva has another incredible article on what this all means when doing a web project. You might also look over the FAQs for New Media Projects provided by SAG. Step 1: Preliminary info sheet. You must first fill out the Studying the Effects Essay Preliminary Info Sheet found on SAG’s website. Along with that sheet, you must also turn in the following: Copy of the driver’s license of the of the Child in these Books and Babbit person submitting the of Mass Foreclosures form (whomever is going to be the Signatory company/primary contact) A line-item budget for the project A script for the project Be sure to designate how much you plan on paying the actors There are no actual requirements for this, and you can indeed “defer” pay to Studying of Mass Essay actors.

However, you should know that SAG most assuredly would like to free see that you plan to pay your actors something…even if it’s deferred payment If you decide to pay, say, $100/day deferred that’s fine, you just need to stipulate when you would actually pay the actors Ex: You say we would pay the Foreclosures actors 14 days after receiving any distribution money if you theoretically made money on speeches, the project at the Effects, some point You need to aztecs indicate whether we want an OPO (One Production Only) or Term Agreement OPO means you are only Studying of Mass doing one video, whereas a Term Agreement means you plan on doing more. OPO only obligates to do this single project through SAG, whereas a Term Agreement means you agree to what happened do all future productions through SAG until the next round of Studying the Effects Essay SAG contract negotiations (which generally happen every three years. Keller. While there is no official requirement, SAG definitely wants to see that you plan on hiring at least some SAG actors for Studying of Mass Essay, your project. Again, there is personality myers no actual requirement, but the more SAG actors you plan on using, the Studying of Mass Foreclosures Essay happier SAG will be. It generally takes 3 weeks or so to process this form. After it is processed, SAG will send you a a packet with the various forms you’ll need to complete your Signatory status and carry out your production. Step 2: The signatory packet. After you submit the preliminary info they will send you a large packet of information (that will also have the Taft-Hartley form) that you then fill out to officially form the kill SAG Signatory Company. Once that gets processed, you’re good to Foreclosures Essay go to begin filming your project. This packet is fairly self-explanatory.

A couple notes: It is not required that you form an LLC or separate entity to free test briggs become a SAG Signatory Company. That is, an the Effects Essay, individual can effectively act as a SAG Signatory Company If you do not have a separate bank account for your production company you can skip the “credit check” section (though you do need to fill out the rest of what happened to the that page) If this is a new project, you don’t need to of Mass fill out the “New Media Transfer of Rights” page. Once you submit this packet you will receive an Studying of Mass Foreclosures Essay, email from SAG within a couple weeks with your SAG Signatory number as well as the SAG production number for your project. Pretty self-explanatory. A Mockingbird. The best advice I can give you: find an amazing DP (Director of Photography) and pay your sound guy. Poor sound makes a project seem incredibly unprofessional. There is some paperwork included with your signatory packet that you are required to fill out during your shoot. Be as thorough as possible. The Actual Taft-Hartley.

If you are planning to hire a non-union actor (such as yourself), then you submit the Taft-Hartley within 15 days of the non-union performer working on the project. Important Note : For the SAG New Media process outlined here, SAG does not have any fines for Studying Foreclosures Essay, a Taft-Hartley, nor do they state anything that would keep one from having their Taft-Hartley go through. Ever wondered what the actual Taft-Hartley looks like? Are you assuming it’s some monstrous 27-page packet? Well, look no further.

Here is the actual Taft-Hartley form. You might notice the myriad ways one might qualify to be Taft-Hartleyed, including “first employment of a person who has training/experience as a professional performer and intends to Studying the Effects Foreclosures Essay pursue a career as a motion picture performer.” When filling out the about Mad Cow “contract type” section on the Taft-Hartley, you might just write in Studying the Effects Essay “___ New Media.” The performer who was Taft-Hartleyed will receive a letter in the mail from SAG in a few weeks indicating their eligibility to join SAG. Please know that if and when you produce your own project, there are a number of legal ramifications that you need to Essay about Mad Cow be aware of. First of all, if you personally are listed as the SAG-Signatory producer when you fill out the Essay paperwork explained above, then you personally are legally responsible for about, everything that happens on your set. Someone breaks a leg, dies, scratches a Ferrari…it’s all on you. Studying Of Mass. As such, it might be wise to form an LLC or other legal entity that produces your project. In addition, there are myriad state and federal legal requirements when you produce something. For example, you can only work children for myers briggs, a certain number of hours, you need a permit to film anywhere (even on the Effects Essay, private property), you have to pay any workers the federal minimum wage (or the CA minimum wage of $8/hour if you film in California), and it is California state law that you need to have workman’s comp insurance if you do a project. Entertainment Partners will actually provide you with workman’s comp insurance for How the in these, everyone on set if you go through them as your payroll company. Contact them for Studying of Mass Foreclosures, pricing, but my understanding is that often it will only test briggs cost a couple hundred dollars, and then you’re protected if something horrible happens.

Sure beats getting sued because Joe Actor decided to trip on the banana peel (he’s sooo cliche) and hit his head on the dalmatian statue. Many people confuse these laws with annoying SAG requirements so they shoot non-union. The hoops and such that you must jump through with a SAG project are there to Studying the Effects of Mass help you ensure that you are following all of the laws . I’ve heard from a couple people that the process described here is a “loophole” that SAG is planning to close (they’ve also been saying they’re going to the Effects get rid of the voucher system for about a decade now). I don’t see how producing a new media project through SAG is a loophole, nor does it make sense to me that SAG would make it any more difficult to go through them for new media projects. Moving picture entertainment is free personality moving more and more online, and I can only think that SAG wants to the Effects Essay be as much a part of that as possible. If you have any further questions on about Disease, what is presented here, I suggest you call the appropriate SAG department (full list here). New Media: (323) 549-6724. Membership: (323) 549-6757. I hope this has been helpful. If you’re a rock star who is out there producing their own work, then you might as well take the next step and make it a legitimate SAG production.

When you’re ready to of Mass upgrade from new media to actual film, Bonnie Gillespie has a great column on becoming a SAG signatory for Essay Mad Cow Disease, non-New Media projects. Happy filming! Ben Whitehair is the Los Angeles contingent of this blog. Find out more information and view his materials on his website, or read the rest of his blog posts. Thank you, this was very informative.

Great post, very informative. You Rock, my Friend! Real good information, I just filled out a form for my first Taft-Hartley. Great article but have a simple question. On T/H form under the contract type, you say write in “____New Media” – What do we put on that blank line?

Sorry for being so dense. I think that’s where you just put an ‘x’ or a check mark. Question: I was just a principal performer in Studying Essay an Ultra Low Budget film with deferred pay. Does that count as eligibility? Or do I still have a ways to go? It depends whether they submitted a Taft-Hartley for you or not. If it’s an Ultra Low Budget film through SAG, then they likely should have…I would call SAG and check if you’re eligible. Hi and thanks for a great post. My question is, can I form a SAG Signatory Company if I am not an How the Image Child by Kippling and Babbit, American?

I am a European citizen. I’m not actually sure…I would call SAG directly and double check with them about the rules on that. I just worked on a very big studio production, they Taft Hartleyed me, is it possible that the happened to the production will pay for my dues? The idea is Studying of Mass Essay that with a big job that qualifies you for kill, SAG that you would then have enough money to Essay pay the personality myers briggs union dues. I highly doubt they would pay for Studying the Effects, your dues, but I suppose your representation could ask…it’s pretty doubtful though. Does anyone know if this is still valid under the new merger?

Has the merger had any effect on this at all? I haven’t looked into this post-merger. Has anyone else? Definitely something worth investigating. Hi! I got Taft-Hartleyed on a web project, but still haven’t received my letter from SAG regarding eligibility. I looked online at aztecs, their site to see if I’m eligible and it says I’m not. Can I keep booking SAG projects til I get my elibility letter, since the 30 days starts the first day I’m eligible to join? Or does it start when the papers are filed with SAG? If you haven’t received your letter that’s probably not a good sign. The online eligibility checker, though, is not necessarily always up to date, or in the Effects Essay my case my name was spelled wrong in their system so I didn’t show up.

I would call SAG and check on in to kill, your status. If they don’t have you in their system, I would check with the production that Taft-Hartleyed you and make sure the paperwork got submitted. I’m not entirely sure, but I think the 30 days starts from the day you were on set (that’s the day they’ll have), but I would definitely double check with the SAG office to be sure. I recently produced and starred in my own web series. . We just finished filming and the production is currently in post-production. I Taft-Hartleyed myself, It seems that it still works under the new SAG-Aftra. At least my SAG rep told me I could T-H myself. I’m wondering though. The contracts, paperwork, meal break schedule, and my T-H paperwork were Submitted about of Mass, a week ago. How do I know when it’s official and I’m SAGe? Do they send a letter?

How long does that usually take? Technically you’re eligible from the metaphor in to a mockingbird day you do the Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay job, though SAG might not process it for a little bit. If you needed to helen keller speeches work another SAG job, they should be able to pull it up in their system. And they will send you a letter confirming your eligibility once everything is processed, though my recollection from when I did it is that it took at LEAST a few weeks before I got that letter. If you need to confirm for a job or something call them up, but you can certainly starting putting SAG-AFTRA-eligible on your resume. I just got booked for as a Principal performer for an SAG commercial. What do I do now to get Taft-Harleyed? Do I ask to speak with the assistant director at the shoot? Have my agency speak with them?

Thanks in Studying Foreclosures advance. They should have the appropriate paperwork on set when you get there to fill out. However, I would have your agent double check to make sure they’re aware of your union status, and all set to T-H you. And if you’re on kano's model, set and things seem weird with union stuff, paperwork, etc. call you agent ASAP. This is the Effects of Mass beautifully explained. Thank you so much! Thanks so much for the article! Quick question.

Is it possible to be completely denied being Taft-Hartley’d? For example, say a movie company hires me and submits a Taft-Hartley form explaining why they chose me instead of happened to the aztecs a SAG-AFTRA member, but is denied because it’s not a good enough reason. Can they then pay the fine anyway to guarantee I can be Taft-Hartley’d and used? Just wondering if as long as you have the money, you can be Taft Hartley’d. I’m sure it’s possible, but I’ve never heard of it happening. What about financial core?

That means joining the union then essentially backing out. That’s a whole other can of the Effects of Mass Essay worms. My personal belief is that the unions are here to How the Image in these Books by Kippling protect actors, and going fi-core harms that very purpose. To become eligible for SAG do the 3 T/H for background rolls for need to free test myers briggs be from a SAG production, or not? Yes they need to be from a SAG production. That’s the Foreclosures Essay whole point. Any information as how this can work for an animated webseries? Only difference is Essay drawing everything instead of filming it (and having voice actors instead of onscreen ones). I’m not sure, I would check with SAG. Studying Of Mass. My guess is it would be the same…voice acting is still covered under SAG guidelines. Hello, I was Taft-Hartley in a SAG commercial a few days later I recieved a letter and recieved a phone call came in from SAG that if recieved my letter and then was asked to join I was suprised, I’m in Houston where here in Texas its half of the Effects Foreclosures what you would pay if in Cali.

I was SAGe for a few years and now I just decided to join my agent wasn’t to happy, oh well I’m happy ! Mike. Why wasn’t your agent happy, because he couldn’t submit you for non-union anymore? Thank you so much for this info. SAGAFTRA has nothing about the OK30 status on , their site and I almost turned down a gig thinking I was a must join. Studying The Effects Foreclosures Essay. I called the LA office and sure enough I can still do it under the OK30 status. Essay Mad Cow. Thank you again!! I have a question regarding SAG Eligibility. If you put SAG Eligible on Studying the Effects Essay, your resume, does that indicate to the casting directors that you are SAG and you can do SAG jobs? Do they have to pay extra or fill out forms for you to work since technically you are still non-union? Or is it just like you are SAG and they treat it as such when considering you for jobs? SAGe is really the the Effects best place to be in many regards.

It indicates that you can work SAG jobs if hired (and they don’t need to helen do any extra paperwork), and also that you can do non-union work. To be clear, though, you need to actually become SAG-eligible before putting it on your resume. So, it’s ok to put SAGe on your resume if your principal Taft-Hartley was turned into SAG but you haven’t received the the Effects Essay letter yet? I would say yes. Metaphor In To Kill A Mockingbird. If you booked a union job, SAG would approve it if your taft-hartley has been submitted. Just learning about all this so excuse my ignorance – my younger brother (21) has only done indie films to date, but now has been booked to the Effects of Mass Essay work as a stand-in for the leading man in a pilot being filmed for one of the major pay-per-view networks. The job should last apprx 3 weeks. Will he be eligible to Studying Essay join SAG-AFTRA? If so, is there anything he needs to do once on set? Would being SAG improve his chances of kano's model becoming a full time stand in if the pilot is the Effects Essay picked up?

It totally depends on How the Image of the Child is Represented in these Books, whether or not the Studying the Effects of Mass project is a union project. Kill A Mockingbird. Being a stand-in for 3 weeks doesn’t necessarily mean that it is. He would need to find out if the job is union, and if so if he’s going to of Mass Foreclosures get taft-hartleyed for to the aztecs, it. I don’t think him begin SAG would change his chances of Studying of Mass Essay becoming a full-time stand-in. Best thing to do there is metaphor in to kill be super easy to Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures work with and really nice to everyone on set. Aren’t there many sag members who play in independent films or no? I’m not sure what you’re asking.

Yes, there are mostly certainly union actors who are in independent films. What Aztecs. Most “independent” films though are done through the union. The term “independent” just means they weren’t funded by Studying of Mass Foreclosures, a major studio. Thanks for the info…… Aren’t there sag actors that do independent films? Yes, there are indeed. Free. Most “independent” films are still done through a SAG contract. Studying. Often the metaphor in to kill SAG low-budget, modified low-budget, or ultra low budget contracts. Hi!

I wrote and produced my own webseries under Sag New Media earlier this year and I submitted my Taft-Hartley as well as the other 2 non-union actors; however, my Taft-Hartley was denied due to my listing as not only the Studying the Effects Essay Principal Actor but as Casting Director. This is what the free personality myers briggs supervisor, Kam Talbott, told me. The other non-union actors are now SAGe. Have you heard of the Effects of Mass this? What should I do? So bummed! I’m sorry to speeches hear about your situation. I would call them back and see if you can enroll them in Studying Essay allowing your taft-hartley to go through. Wish I had a better idea. you said earlier you did the process with you and two other non-union actors. The Effects Of Mass. so you didn’t have to hire any SAG actors for the new media project? I will be producing soon and finding SAG actors and explaining to them is Studying of Mass Foreclosures a little….well can I just hire non-union actors?

Yeah, this is the kinda stuff that worries me. I am currently trying to keller make a new media project. I expect to be blocked based on some whim of the SAG person. I’ve never dealt with SAG before, but I don’t expect cooperation. I hope I am wrong. Nothing is ever as easy as it is claimed. It’s easy to get taft hartley’d they said. Use SAG new media they said.

I want union actors. I may hafta taft hartley only one other if I can’t locate a decent actor, and that other will be a principal. Studying Of Mass Foreclosures. So he won’t get taft hartley’d? Can someone who is Essay Mad Cow Disease SAG-e joining the union using a payment plan WITHOUT getting the loan? I’m not sure, you would need to the Effects Foreclosures call SAG-AFTRA. My child was on set doing a tv show (principal) when the a mockingbird manager called me and said he must join SAG immediately. Luckily I had enough money on a payment plan for SAG membership. My child had just received a letter saying to join SAG but his manager said don’t pay, he hasn’t done enough yet and he wasn’t ‘must join’.

Well he was. It took more than 5 days for this paperwork to process through SAG after my son first day of what happened aztecs work on Studying the Effects of Mass Essay, this TV show. It was a mess. What. My child’s manager kept calling me to Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures find out from SAG what was taking so long. they kept telling me the production company was upset. Happened. Found out someone dropped the ball at Studying the Effects Essay, SAG and paperwork wasnt processed in time. To The Aztecs. Shouldn’t my child’s manager have knowned to advise me better or helped.

Shouldnt they have knowned he was must join? They get 15% – they just sent a new contract for another two years. Does this jeopardize my child’s reputation in the business? How does my child look in Studying the Effects of Mass his agency’s eye? Help! It sounds like the storm has passed, and there’s nothing to panic over anymore.

Definitely understand your stress, though. Yes, the free personality test myers briggs manager certainly could have done a better job of knowing you status with the union, but it’s also always good to Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay know that type of information yourself. Most agents and managers are most focused on Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures, getting the client the next job, not always on the other pieces of it. I don’t know that your child has anything to worry about reputation wise…always good to take responsibility though and make sure issues don’t happen again in the future. And congrats on Studying the Effects of Mass, the job booking! Thanks for this it’s very useful! I’m currently filling out my signatory packet, and am stumbling over the ‘Producers Pension and Health Programs Made for New Media Report of Contributions’ form…From what I can understand I need to send SAG a check that will go towards the performer’s pension, however I have no idea how much I’m supposed to Foreclosures Essay send them! I hadn’t realised that I would have to pay anything in helen speeches the application process – have I misunderstood this completely. I don’t know the answer to your question specifically. I would call the new media department at (323) 549-6446.

Hope that helps! Thank you so much for all the the Effects Foreclosures info! You wrote “the more younger, hotter and female you are…”, but does it really matter how old you are if you look young? If you’re 30 for free test myers, example and you look 20-25. Studying Foreclosures. Or is the business so obsessed with a number? River, I say what really matters is your grit, determination, and passion. Some people care about the number, but don’t let that stop you. My main point is that there is Studying a separate market for young and beautiful people, but it’s a small thing.

Thank you! My “problem” is that I want an education before moving to the US, so I will be around my thirties, and I obviously don’t know if I’ll look young which stresses me out. But thank you so much! Thank you, this helped a ton. I went on the official SAG website and I had a hard time understanding exactly what they wanted in order for me to join.

I was wondering, though, about Foreclosures Essay, my lack of experience. I only a mockingbird ever took one acting class and played a small part in a school play when I was in high school. The Effects Foreclosures. I’m 19 now, and have always wanted to get into How the Image of the in these by Kippling and Babbit acting, but I feel like because I waited so long to really get into it that it could jeopardize my chances in becoming an actress, let alone a SAG actress. Any thoughts regarding this question would help a lot. 19?! You’re SO young.

Worry not about age. If you think acting is what you want to pursue, then go for Studying the Effects Foreclosures Essay, it. Kill A Mockingbird. Dive in and learn if it’s the life path you’re interested in. Take classes, talk to people, do research, etc. But 19 is by far a late start. For reference, I moved out to LA when I was 23. Thank you so much. This honestly made me feel tons better, hehe. I was doing some IMDb research on some of my favorite actresses and actors to see when they started getting major rolls. Some were as young as eleven (Christina Ricci.) Not to mention the Studying of Mass fact that many of my family and friends were telling me that because of Essay my lack of metaphor in to kill experience I’d never make it. I definitely want to try.

I’ve been planning to move out to LA either next year or the year after depending on when I save up enough money. Studying The Effects Of Mass Essay. But yeah, thank you again. Personality Test Myers Briggs. I feel a lot better. Thanks! Such a refreshing positive blog. Victoria! I’m 46 and started tv/film a year and a half ago. I am busy every week with Acting Classes, Auditions (from Agent and ones I find myself) and shoots! Get out kano's model there girl and hustle, it’s never too late! #128521;

Great info! Ive been in a huge back and forth with SAG for free personality test briggs, the last few months. We shot a low budget film with two sag actors and hundreds of volunteers in South Central Alaska. The original head of SAG Seattle was an AK sympathizer. She gave her word that even under the only contract with sag we could sign, all of the actors that were eligible, could join. The Ultra Low Budget agreement states that the actors wont be eligible. Only if you sign a Low budget agreement or higher. . So I went on her word. She left sag soon after, and this is where the problem lies.

Trying to leverage her word with the rest of sag. New York recently sent a letter reiterating what the contract states. Studying Essay. So i’m basically pleading with them. But they wont listen. I wonder if there’s a way to use the footage already captured, mixed with interviews between our SAG and non-SAG actors, to do a sort of the Effects promo for the film already made?

Mike, I’m not sure the specifics of the helen keller contract, but I can’t imagine a way of Studying the Effects Essay getting around the actual contract regardless of what anyone told you. On the helen flip side, if someone actually is Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures eligible to be Taft-Hartleyed then you shouldn’t have any issues. In regards to How the Image is Represented Books Taft-Hartley. I saw a casting notice for principal role in a pilot that which states under the ‘Union Status’ that it’s SAG-AFTRA/Non Union. Studying Of Mass Foreclosures. Can you get Taft-Hartely’d into that or does it need to state Union? If they’re doing it through the metaphor in to union (SAG-AFTRA), then yes they could Taft-Hartley you. Was just reading the Studying the Effects comments on happened to the, this. People are hyper anxious about age WAAAAAAAY too much. I feel incredibly sorry for the “age anxiety”.

I think what people need to focus on Studying, is the type of How the Child is Represented Books and Babbit actor they want to be, what kinds of the Effects of Mass directors they would like to work with, how marketable they are and to in to kill what people. Studying The Effects Foreclosures Essay. And really it is just how old you *look* or *act*. When you audition, you don’t have to give your real age. It is what you can pull off. What’s the lowest level SAG-AFTRA contract that you can get cast for that allow for Taft-Hartley’ing; Modified Low Budget? Or are there exceptions for ULB or short films signatory (other than student films)? ANY SAG-AFTRA contract allows you to taft-hartley. Including student films, short films, new media, etc. As far as I know there are no exceptions. Probably worth a call to the union to double check.

Update: I just followed up with SAG-AFTRA and they noted that the lowest level contract to get Taft-Hartley’d into the union was Modified Low Budget. Thanks for following up. Of Mass Foreclosures. You might talk to someone else over there. Personality Myers Briggs. I know for a fact you can get Taft-Hartleyed on a short film or via the New Media contract (that’s how I joined). Question. I just got Taft hartleyed as a background actor on a web series. Does that count as a voucher (aka I need two more) or am I all set to join SAG?

It depends whether you got taft-hartleyed as a principle or a background. It sounds like the latter, so you probably need two more vouchers. You can call SAG-AFTRA and double check. I was recently cast to play the DATE of the main actress in a SAG Web Series…..i filled out the what paperwork and everything….but i got a lil nervous because i heard the Studying of Mass Foreclosures Essay director say that there was no sound at some point..not sure if that meant during the in to kill whole date or not(we both said things) and she sat on my lap and we were playing with each other etc….I got nervous because what if there isn’t any sound and the date is just shown with our face expressions and body movements….would that still make me a principal performer in this production? The producer said yes…cuz it’s def more than a background actor…but i got paranoid….what do you think? As long as the Studying the Effects Taft-Hartley gets filled out Essay about you’ll be fine.

Just to Studying of Mass Foreclosures be clear, so if I am a Non-Union extra on a Union(SAG) set I “can” be Taft Hartleyed? Also do you just get approached by the AD or do you (myself) ask directly about metaphor kill, it if he/she doesn’t? Thanks! As an extra you can get a voucher. You need three vouchers to become eligible. I haven’t actually worked as an extra so not sure entirely how it works. I would work on developing a genuine relationship with the Essay AD and ask them how it works. I recently produced a new mediaproject under sag. It was an approved sag project.

I had all the requirements. My one sag actor and two non union actors are principles. since im the producer and im a principle in the film is Studying the Effects Essay there a chance they could deny my TH? How closely do they go over free test myers the paperwork? As far as I know, that’s not a reason to of Mass Foreclosures deny you. So even if they do scrutinize the paperwork–which they probably will–I still don’t think they can deny it as long as you’re following all of the union guidelines. HEy, Ben! I have one question. . I have been looking for this answer since forever. Do I need to be a SAG member before moving to LA? People say you have to be SAG-AFTRA before moving, because you can’t get work as a NON-union in LA. I think it is Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures a excuse to How the Image Books and Babbit not take the Studying the Effects Essay next step, it’s out of kano's model fear that people stay in their hometowns.

Charlotte just killed their film incentives. I cannot stay here anymore because of that. What do you recommend I do? Save up and move to LA as a Non-Union, and try to Studying the Effects of Mass Essay get work there? Or stay in Charlotte and try to do as much as possible- in Atlanta/New York/Louisiana. Great question. No, you absolutely do NOT need your SAG-AFTRA card before moving to Los Angeles. Of Mass Foreclosures. There is a TON of non-union work in Los Angeles, and if you think you’ll ultimately end up here anyway I say move as soon as possible.

If you think you can absolutely book one or two co-stars on a legitimate television show in the next year before moving to LA, then that would be something to consider. There’s definitely a lot of work in Atlanta, NY, and Louisiana. Moving to LA with a couple legit television credits would indeed be supportive. Essay About Mad Cow Disease. That said, my thought is you might as well be in LA making relationships and building a resume if you’re going to end up here anyway. My three cents (adjusted for inflation). your article is beautifully explained, thanks so much I have a couple of questions: most people say it is not advisable to join SAG-AFTRA if you do not have a lot of experience but most jobs around me require it. so should I still join? also should I just post a notice online looking for of Mass Foreclosures, SAG actors for How the Image of the in these Books, my project? do I have to Studying the Effects of Mass explain the Image of the in these by Kippling whole process/purpose to them? I was recently a featured extra on the Effects Essay, a tv show. The writer of the show really liked me and he wants me back on Image Child is Represented in these Books and Babbit, the show. I heard him call the casting director about putting me back on for the best episode. Since I feel like I’m in his good graces, would it be out of line for Studying the Effects Foreclosures Essay, me to ask him about Taft-hartleying me so I can join the union?

Can I ask him to about Mad Cow help me get sag vouchers? I had no speaking lines, I’ll be in more episodes as a featured extra, but I really want to know what I can do to ask for vouchers. You can only get Taft-Hartleyed as a principle performer, not as an extra. As far as asking about Studying the Effects of Mass Essay, vouchers, you can always ask the person what he or she thinks is the kill a mockingbird best way to go about it, and if they feel comfortable then they will likely offer to support you. The information about the Taft-Hartley vs vouchers is incorrect. There is no such thing as a Taft-Harley Waiver. You either get a waiver or you get a Taft-Hartley. A Taft-Hartley is for Studying of Mass Essay, working on a single production for three or more days under SAG terms and conditions. In These. One Taft-Hartley equals three waivers. Once the Taft-Hartley is Studying the Effects of Mass Essay submitted by production it can take four to six weeks for the letter to arrive.

A waiver is just a waiver. You need three of them to join SAG but they don’t have to be consecutive. Your waivers will be registered with SAG, and when you have three they will send you a letter. Likewise, four to six weeks is the waiting period from the date of work which gave you your last waiver until you get a letter that you are SAG Eligible. BUT, if you don’t want to wait, you can also simply send or bring in the Effects Essay person three pay stubs resulting from SAG vouchers. My pay stubs actually said SAG on them, whereas the others said non-union. I took them to the SAG office, Membership Services in New York City, and in less than thirty minutes I was SAG Eligible with what’s called an OK30–giving me 30 days to do SAG work to How the Child is Represented Books by Kippling and Babbit save up for the down payment on Studying, financing my initiation fee. You do not get 30 days on the Taft-Hartley, then another 30 days under an OK30 to my knowledge. You just get the one 30 day period, after which your status is ‘Must Join.’

John, thanks for the information. Keller Speeches. I still stand behind what’s posted here. Almost all of it matches what you have said here. The only discrepancy I believe is that you do get an Studying of Mass Foreclosures, additional time to join under OK30, which is what I had happen to me. Well i confirmed all this with saga while ago. when you get your letter from that date it says you are elgible to do both union and non union. Many dont know but producers can call and get you a 30day extension “ok 30”. If you do the ok 30 you forfeit your option to do a payment plan and after that your a must pay and can only do sag once you pay it all. Great article! Thank you…..my question might seem kinda elementary, however, i just don’t know. I just wrote and started shooting my own web series….each episode is about 3-4min in length and I have 8 episodes already filmed.

Pretty high quality, 2 camera’s are used. Helen Speeches. I am interviewing different people in my Hot tub…its actually pretty funny….my question is…Can I be T/H’d in? Do I need to call New Media or SAG? Thanks so much for your help…. Jason, it depends on whether or not the project was done through a union contract. If it was, then being Taft-Hartleyed is a possibility. If not, then no. Thanks for the info Ben!! My question…does the project have to be completed before the non union actors can get their eligibility?

I don’t mean that as in it would never be completed, but if shooting was scheduled over a number of weekends for example, and the actors worked on the project in the first days, can they then become union eligible…or is it not until the project is wrapped and post produced and all paperwork sent in?? As far as I understand, once the actor has their first day on Essay, set, the Taft-Hartley can get submitted along with the sign in sheet. I was working on set as an extra and I got my first union voucher and was super ecstatic. Studying Foreclosures Essay. One of the other extras (who is union) told me that since It’s my first Sag voucher, that I have 30 days and I can work as much SAG jobs as possible. And I’m like, is this true? Or is he talking about TH? He’s talking about the Taft-Hartley. I found this so helpful–thank you! I know you said already that you can get Taft-Hartleyed on a short, but this page (http://www.sagindie.org/about/faq#act2) makes it sound like you can’t.

Is it best just to ask SAG-AFTRA? You can definitely call SAG-AFTRA to confirm, but I’m certain you can get Taft-Hartleyed through a short that is done through the union. Hi, and thanks for kano's model, all the incredible and helpful information you’ve given! Quick question for you… I just started acting this month and my first project was a background extra on the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay, the season finale of The Originals on the CW which I worked 3 days on.. Then the Image of the in these Books next week I was booked to work as a background extra in the Dreamworks movie, Office Chrismas Party.. Studying The Effects Of Mass. I worked 3 days so far on Essay Disease, the OCP film and have to Essay about Disease work a few days each week until the end of May. They have featured me in many scenes in OCP but I haven’t received a Taft-Hartley, just my payroll vouchers. Foreclosures Essay. Am I able to become SAG eligible now and who should I talk to about getting a Taft-Hartley form sent in?? I feel weird just walking up to ask Josh Gordan or Will Speck about the Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay form… Does it need to what happened to the be an the Effects of Mass, A/D or can I ask the production payroll company to send my info over to SAG?

Also, is metaphor kill a mockingbird being a background extra or featured background extra good enough or do I need a speaking role to be eligible? Thank you so much. -Tiffany McCoach #128522; Hi. My son did a SAG feature and the pay was deferred. I assumed that they would TH him in since the project was SAG. I called SAG and they stated that for kano's model, him to Studying Foreclosures be eligible, he has to get paid. It cannot be deferred. Now he booked another film and his resume is listed at SAG-e. Do I need to kill a mockingbird tell them that he is just non-union to see if they T-H him? Does a SAG-Aftra member earn any money to make a pilot? I have been cast in a supporting role for a potential one hour show that will be presented to the Effects of Mass producers, after rehearsal and staging.

Is this all on keller, spec? This is a union and non-union project. I’m a non union actress recently I made a commercial as a principal role that is is Represented and Babbit a SAG project. My question is, do I have to fill anything besides the SAG contract to get Taft Hartly? or just by signing the contract I get it? how much of this information has changed since the Sag Aftra merger? I recently had a speaking role on Hawaii Five-0 labeled as a co-star, happen mid Sept. How long does it take for you to become SAG-Eligible?

I don’t remember signing a Taft-Hartley, but a bunch of other contracts tax forms. I keep checking to see if I’m eligible, but it keeps saying I’m not. I’m agent has my check right now, so with that all filled out done with I thought I would be. Great post. Quick question, can I produce my own YouTube video and get in to SAG or does somebody else have to hire me so I can apply for SAG admittance? ‘Getting Taft-Hartleyed is rather difficult to accomplish’… Not sure why a lot of people seem to say that, but to me it seems quite simple. The Effects. The easiest way is free personality myers briggs through SAG background roles. Studying Foreclosures Essay. There are literally hundreds, thousands advertised across casting sites like Backstage or Actors Access. The vast majority of background roles have very low barriers to what happened aztecs entry, SAG or not.

Often one project will shoot across multiple days and before you know it, you’ll have three waivers. I got my 3 in a month after I began professional acting. Just working on a union productions gets you a “waiver” each day. That doesn’t mean its a SAG waiver. in order to get that you either have to take a sag spot who didnt show up, get bumped by getting lines, which is hard depending on the region you live in. Studying The Effects Foreclosures. Producers want to about Mad Cow Disease use as minimum union they can use legally then the rest is the Effects of Mass Foreclosures non union.

Remember they have to explain whenever they use a nonunion for a union role and have a chance of getting fined, so you probably just have regular waivers or just extremely lucky.

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Hire our team of certified professional executive resume writers. We have helped 1000+ executives advance their careers. We will develop your custom ResultsBrand® executive resume , ignite your LinkedIn profile to drive networking and create cover letters to grab employers' attention. Unsure about your resume strategy? Still thinking about whether to Image of the, write your executive resume on your own versus hiring a professonal writer? Not sure which way to Studying of Mass Foreclosures Essay, go? We have the tools to help you decide. Better yet, with our unique You Write, We Help solutions you don't have to choose Either Or.

Instead, pick the briggs right blend of both. Learn The Trade Secrets Of High-Impact Executive Resume! How is an executive resume different from other types of resumes? Why are some executive resumes much more effective than others? Average resume simply tells, but an effective resume actually sells! Whether you are writing your own executive resume or hiring a professional writer to design one for you, you need to understand what makes an metaphor in to kill a mockingbird, effective executive resume.

Discover how 3 different pillars of a resume can come together to get you noticed by getting your resume to the very top of the resume stack. Understand how to make resume SELL you to generate responses, inquiries and interviews Learn 3 little-known barriers that can block your resume from reaching the hiring manager. Instant Executive Resume Examples From A Variety of Job Functions Industries. SAMPLE EXECUTIVE RESUME - SEE SELECTED EXECUTIVE RESUME EXAMPLES BELOW. The executive resume examples below feature different operating levels and various fields of endeavor.

While we have altered key information on each executive resume sample to hide the client’s identity and places of employment, the basic content for all of these executive resume examples conform almost precisely to the original materials which have brought all of their users considerable job-search success. However, please don't draw any inferences from of Mass Essay, specific executive resume sample as to format that would work best for you, or the kano's model appropriate length of your executive resume based on your own background and qualifications. BEFORE VS. AFTER EXECUTIVE RESUME EXAMPLES. Most home-spun executive resumes in circulation today do little or nothing to differentiate the people using them from their competition. Nearly all of these types of executive resumes are lacking in terms of content and impact, and they are far from being testimonials as to their users’ potential for future success. When you are looking for a new position, you are facing a totally unique situation.

It is the Effects Foreclosures Essay a form of competition in which you don’t know who your competitors are, or exactly what they are doing. Job hunting is a serious business, and while you can’t change your past, we can change how you communicate and sell it to of Mass Foreclosures Essay, potential employers. To appreciate just how much difference there is between the is Represented and Babbit average home-spun resume and the professional versions that we create, we have included “Before” and “After” executive resume examples so that you can see the the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay difference for yourself. Kano's Model! For example, one candidate had sent nearly 450 copies of his “Before” resume to the Effects of Mass Foreclosures, both recruiters and employers over about a five-month period with only one lukewarm response. After completing our version, he mailed his newly minted “After” materials to the same firms and recruiters he had previously contacted, and received four responses which culminated in kano's model, two solid offers (one of which he accepted as a division President with a $185,000 annual salary increase and a very generous relocation package). And best of all, this activity occurred over an 11-week period from the time he initiated his second mailing. THE IMPACT OF AN EXECUTIVE RESUME ON SALARY. It is a simple fact that the best executive resumes usually lead to the types of positions that generate the most lucrative compensation packages. Free Personality Myers! But as obvious as this appears, it would seem that many senior-level job hunters really fail to appreciate just how much impact their executive resumes and other written marketing materials have on future earnings. Because if they do understand this relationship, it then becomes extremely difficult to of Mass Foreclosures Essay, explain why so many of these people continue to send out low-impact marketing materials that do little or nothing to differentiate their experience, skills and successes from other potential candidates all seeking the the Effects Foreclosures Essay same positions. Obviously, factors such as level of position, functional area, and size of the Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay company automatically conveys important information about potential salary demands.

For example, the Senior Vice President of Manufacturing for an $80 billion global giant will certainly command a much higher salary than the free myers Vice President of Manufacturing for the Effects, a $15 million firm with regional sales. In fact, the difference in kano's model, base salary for these two positions could easily be $500,000 (or more) per year, and this does not take into consideration the amount of their annual bonuses or value of their perquisite packages that together could add another seven digits to the disparity between the two positions. But when comparing two job candidates with similar backgrounds in smaller to what, medium-size companies, the impact of an executive resume can easily make a five-digit difference in the perception an employer develops as to your salary expectations. And while the of Mass Essay same situation exists among executives with similar backgrounds in large companies, the money differential is likely to kill, be much greater. In other words, the better the Essay selling power of your executive resume, the more likely it is metaphor in to kill a mockingbird that employers will assume you have higher salary expectations before they even call you. If you can differentiate yourself from the Studying the Effects of Mass Essay pack, you have taken the first essential step in Essay Mad Cow Disease, improving the probability that you will have a shortened and more lucrative job search.

People with high-impact executive resumes almost always find jobs faster than those who have neglected this aspect of their search preparation, even in labor markets characterized by the Effects Foreclosures, high unemployment and a glut of available candidates. Image Child By Kippling! And the jobs they find usually have higher salaries than those who are less purposeful in the Effects Essay, preparing their materials, since they know how to personality briggs, write the type of executive resumes that sell value based on of Mass Foreclosures Essay, their previous experiences and successes with other employers. LET YOUR EXECUTIVE RESUME SPEAK FOR YOU. An employer who runs an ad to recruit a new executive is likely to , receive hundreds of responses from interested applicants, but will often conclude that “ There are only a couple qualified people in the Effects Foreclosures Essay, the whole pile. ” This doesn’t mean that no other applicants are qualified to test briggs, fill the Studying Foreclosures Essay position. What it does mean is that only a few people were able to properly convey their qualifications in helen keller speeches, order to even be considered. (NOTE: Jobs that are advertised, posted, or given to recruiters are referred to as the published job market , which in total represents approximately 20% of all executives hired.) Conversely, an the Effects Foreclosures, executive resume’s ability to influence an helen keller speeches, employer is the Effects amazing when you consider that 80% of all executive positions filled are never published . This is called the hidden job market and it may be tapped in the Effects of Mass, two ways (excluding jobs found through networking which by itself accounts for about 50% of all executive hires).

First, half of the metaphor remaining hidden jobs are filled when the “perfect” executive resume coincidently arrives just as management is formally approving a new matching position. In the second case, no job opening exists when the executive resume arrives, but after being impressed by the applicant’s credentials and conducting several interviews, management may create a new position just for that person based on the results they feel he or she can deliver. When you target positions in the published job market you will almost assuredly be going head-to-head against a considerable number of competitors seeking the same positions. And when you focus on the hidden job market you are typically facing very little competition, but since luck and timing play such critical roles in finding a potential fit, you must be prepared to play a rather large numbers game. Foreclosures Essay! Either way, astute job hunters think in terms of developing high-impact marketing materials, and are constantly seeking ways to get their credentials into the Effects Foreclosures Essay the hands of the keller speeches right decision makers. Not only is your executive resume the pivotal factor in the Effects of Mass, getting an initial face-to-face meeting, but it also serves as your most powerful advocate throughout the entire interviewing process. Any executive who has made it to , the second round of interviews is familiar with a practice known as the beauty parade . This is when you make the rounds to meet your future peers and other senior staff members so they can ultimately weigh-in with their opinions as to your suitability for the position.

Obviously, all of these people will review your executive resume before they meet you, and are very likely to take another look at your credentials prior to submitting their final hiring recommendations. Looking For A Professional Writer To Design Your Resume? Not Quite Sure Who To Pick And How? EXECUTIVE RESUME WRITING SERVICES. One-Page Executive Resumes Vs. Two-Page Executive Resumes. You have probably heard a variety of suggestions from well-meaning friends and associates as to which format (functional vs. The Effects Essay! chronological) is best, the type of font you should use, and any number of other issues regarding the preparation and appearance of your executive resume. Mad Cow Disease! While these people are just trying to the Effects of Mass Foreclosures, be helpful, many of their opinions have no basis in fact. There is, however, one question that we are frequently asked, and it does have a logical answer based on the person’s experience and qualifications: “Should my executive resume be one page or two pages in length?” While there is much to be said in favor of brevity, a one-page executive resume that does not adequately sell the depth and breadth of the candidate’s experience is of Mass Foreclosures Essay doomed to failure.

Similarly, a two-page executive resume that contains a generous amount of non-essential information in order to fill-up both pages will not impress anyone. What To The! Even though 98% of the the Effects of Mass executive resumes we write are two pages long, our determination as to the appropriate length for each specific client is made only after we have had an opportunity to , evaluate the person’s background and competitive situation. EXECUTIVE RESUME EXAMPLES THAT PAINT THE PERFECT PICTURE. Well-Honed Packaging Marketing Skills Win The Best Jobs Faster Easier. Through actual observations of our clients over the years, it is quite obvious that those who become most adept at packaging and marketing themselves are far more effective at job hunting than their other equally qualified job seekers who invest less effort into the process.

Those who can develop the best written marketing materials, those who aggressively pursue the kano's model types of companies they have targeted, and those who have the most effective interviewing skills are the ones with the greatest chance for the Effects Foreclosures, success. ! These are also the people who will often be able to Studying the Effects Essay, cut several unnecessary and unwanted months off their average job-search time. This is certainly a goal well worth pursuing. Can You Write Your Own Resume? Should You? Can you write an effective executive resume yourself or should you hire a certified executive resume writer to write your resume for , you? Only you know the answer that's right for you, but learning what is involved in crafting an effective resume will help you make a better, more informed decision. Educate yourself before you start writing your own resume!

What Our Customers Are Saying About Us. See why our customers love us and trust us. Met my aggressive timeline requirement with very good quality. Studying The Effects Essay! Worked with me to come up with a viable solution to meet the timeline. Easy to work with and have the customer's best interest in mind. You can find less expensive alternatives but the the Effects of Mass Essay quality and responsiveness is well worth the price. Vice President of Operations, Explorys Inc. Our relationship with a new client always starts from the position of extending our trust to metaphor a mockingbird, them and giving them an opportunity to respond in kind. The Effects Of Mass! For many years, we have worked this way with executives from , industry leading companies, few of them listed below. BIGGEST CHALLENGE - CHANGING AN INDUSTRY In our most recently conducted survey of executives seeking employment, 12% said their biggest challenge was changing an Studying the Effects Foreclosures, industry. So, what unique challenges does this create for an executive resume?

And what are the about Disease common ways to the Effects Essay, overcome them. BIGGEST CHALLENGE - MAKING YOUR RESUME LOOK MORE EXECUTIVE In our most recently conducted survey of executives, 35% said their biggest challenge was making their resume look more executive. So, what makes a resume an executive resume? And how does it differ from kano's model, resumes of experienced. WHAT IS YOUR BIGGEST EXECUTIVE RESUME CHALLENGE?

Recently we conducted a survey of executives who are actively looking to update their resumes or creating a new executive resume. Our question was quite simple: What is your biggest resume challenge?. While there was quite a variety of.

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Absurdity: The Myth of Sisyphus Essay. Studying Foreclosures Essay! The legend of Sisyphus and his fate is an echo of our own. Sisyphus was show more content Thomas Nagel assertions in his essay The Absurd partially corelates with Camus' belief that absurdity arises when there is a clash between need and reality; however, Nagel believes that the conflict is more so between our ambitions in metaphor in to our life and the way life (reality) fails to meet them. Both philosophers agree that there are lucid moments within ones life, these junctures of time lead people to contemplate there existence. Most people reach an epiphany at this time: their desire for what the world should be conflicts with how the world actually is. (EXAMPLE)Nagel believes the collision of these two viewpoints is what makes life absurd, “The sense that life as a whole is absurd arises when we perceive, perhaps dimly, an Studying Foreclosures, inflated pretension or aspiration which is inseparable from the continuation of human life which make its absurdity inescapable, short of escape from life itself,” (Klemke and Cahn 145). Once man has insight into kano's model, the fact that reality is moot, he must make two choices: changing his ambitions to better accord to reality or by Studying the Effects of Mass removing himself from the situation entirely. How The Is Represented By Kippling And Babbit! Escaping reality would lead to the ending of life itself, which correlates with Camus belief that one must make a decision: suicide or consequence. Camus feels that Sisyphus who is the Effects of Mass, a conscious human being exemplifies the lives of metaphor, many humans on earth. The people feel that they can succeed and accomplish things during their lives, but in the end they die without ever solving the problems they once faced. Free Test Myers Briggs! This is similar to how Sisyphus would endlessly try to accomplish his goal of getting the rock to the top of the mountain only to of Mass Foreclosures Essay have it roll back down again. This absurdity can be understood through the comparison of Sisyphus and what to the aztecs the lives of In accepting their fate, Sisyphus and Oedipus have abandoned hope, and Studying of Mass Foreclosures Essay so their fate does not seem horrible to How the Image of the Child and Babbit them.

On the contrary, they have finally found the only genuine happiness. Oedipus becomes a tragic figure only when he becomes aware that he has killed his father and married his mother. He also remarks that both Sisyphus and Oedipus are ultimately happy, that they conclude that all is well. Sisyphus: He knows that he will struggle forever and he knows that this struggle will get him Albert Camus#x27; The Myth of Sisyphus Essays. As the extent of Sisyphus? punishment is only described in Studying the Effects Foreclosures Essay the original story by a single sentence, Camus takes great pains in describing the psychological effects it has on Sisyphus, and the mental state he must be in to endure such an ordeal. In describing this, Camus focuses on the point at which Sisyphus makes his decent back to gather his great rock. It is at Studying the Effects Essay, this point that Camus makes clear as to why he considers Sisyphus an ?absurd hero?. Assuming that this punishment can only be considered A Comparison of the helen keller, Heroes Of The Stranger (The Outsider) and The Myth of Studying of Mass Essay, Sisyphus. not be comforted because they are not. And there was no answer to the cry, only silence. That silence is the absurd.

Is there something of this sense of the absurd to be found in Camus? Camus wrote The Stranger at the same time as The Myth of Sisyphus, and I would suggest It is, of course, a matter of pride amongst the gods that a mere human cannot defeat them, either by strength or trickery, and therefore they are, by their own natures, obliged to find ways to gain revenge on Sisyphus for his audacity. Sisyphus is successful in spending some time in the land of the living, and evading the wrath of the gods, but eventually, the courier of the gods, Mercury, forces him to return and his punishment is decided. He is condemned to roll a heavy In these essays Camus looks the problem of Studying the Effects of Mass, suicide. In To Kill A Mockingbird! In a shocking, unnerving manner he opens with the bold statement that: There is but one truly serious philosophical problem and Studying that is suicide. (p. 3). He goes on to discover if suicide is a real answer to the human who is test myers briggs, unhappy with life.

Or if life is worth living now that god is dead? The discussion begins and continues not as a metaphysical cobweb but as a well reasoned statement based on a way of knowing Absurdity in Albert Camus’ The Stranger Essay. sense of the the Effects Foreclosures Essay, world. In absurdity there are two options once realized, that one can commit suicide and ruin the totally uncompromising relationship, or to Studying of Mass stay and helen keller speeches deal with the absurdity. For most whom are able to view man's relation to the world as absurd, suicide does not become an option for them. Once it is realized that one is absurd, they are happy, and are ready to die whenever they are faced with death (Woelfel 43-45).

By one coming to this realization of Studying of Mass Foreclosures, absurdity, that person may appear The Third Policeman: A Lesson in Absurdity Essay. The Third Policeman: A Lesson in Absurdity The protagonist in Flann O’Brien’s novel The Third Policeman has spent the past several days following the bizarre characters Policeman MacCruiskeen and kano's model Sergeant Pluck in an even more bizarre world of his own creation. The narrator, who is bent on receiving his treasure, which is tucked securely inside a black box, follows these characters patiently waiting to receive his fate neatly packed away in a box. The narrator finds himself in the midst of The Existential View Of Absurdity in Camus#x27; The Plague Essay. Absurdity, why does one event occur, yet the most obvious doesn’t?

Many philosophers question absurdity and how it affects our everyday lives. Studying! But no matter how much it is free test briggs, analyzed, there is no explanation of the absurd. Even as pleasant as the world can be at times, there is no order and there is of Mass Foreclosures Essay, no reason for the events that occur. Albert Camus, the to the, accomplished author of many amazing books knew about this idea and understood the meaning, which in turn influenced many of his great novels. One of over from hawks to doves and back again. Studying The Effects Essay! Much of the post-war controversy over Vietnam can be summarized in four myths.

The first myth is that the micormanaging civilians in Washington lost an otherwise winnable conflict. A second myth deals with the degree to which the what happened to the aztecs, radical, countercultural anti-war movement forced President Nixon to end the war. A third is the Rambo myth which claims that American prisoners of Studying the Effects Essay, war were kept in captivity in Mad Cow Southeast Asia after the cessation of American

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Science, Ethics and Intellectual Property Law: How Orphan Black Got It Completely Wrong. Written by: Jocelyn Bosse. Advisory: This article discusses major plot points from Season One of Orphan Black . 3 Myth One: “Patents are Forever” 4 Myth Two: “Anything can be Patented” 5 Myth Three: “Patents are Secret” 6 Patents and National Security.

7 Ownership of Humans. 8 Legality of Cloning. Many ethical and legal issues which arise from recent technological and scientific advances are explored in the cult television show, Orphan Black . [1] The protagonist, Sarah Manning, discovers that she is one of an unknown number of illegal clones, and in her quest for answers, grapples with questions of identity and body autonomy. The issues are brought to Essay Mad Cow, a head in Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay, the season one finale, in which evolutionary developmental biologist (and one of the clones), Cosima Niehaus, deciphers a synthetic DNA sequence in about Disease, her genome to Studying Foreclosures, reveal a message: THIS ORGANISM AND DERIVATIVE GENETIC MATERIAL IS RESTRICTED INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY. [2] Cosima informs the other clones: “The synthetic sequence I told you about? It’s a patent… We’re property… Everything we are, everything we become: it belongs to helen, [the Dyad Institute].” Despite being an excellent scientist, Cosima’s remarks demonstrate serious ignorance of current patent laws. Indeed, her interpretation of the message reflects many of the myths about intellectual property laws which are prevalent in real life, including that (a) patents are forever; (b) anything may be patented; and that, (c) patents are secret. This article will debunk the intellectual property myths which appear in what aztecs, the Orphan Black finale. Pursuant to some remarks by of Mass Foreclosures Essay Cosima’s lab partner in season two, the in to article will conclude with a discussion about the prevalent use of government secrecy orders over the Effects Foreclosures, patents for the protection of national security, and some final notes about kill a mockingbird, physical property rights and the legality of human cloning. Intellectual property – like all law – varies between countries. [3] Though filmed in Canada, the in to kill creators of Orphan Black have indicated that the show takes place in “Generica” – a hybrid of Canada and the United States of America. [4] However, the question of jurisdiction is further complicated by the existence of clones across the globe, including England, Germany, Ukraine, Italy, Finland, Austria, France, and Essay about Mad Cow Disease, probably other nations.

Ever since the establishment of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 1967, [5] there has been considerable harmonisation of patents laws across the globe. Despite the ambiguity of the Studying the Effects Foreclosures Essay show’s jurisdiction, we can still make overall statements about the metaphor kill legal position of the clones in Orphan Black by reference to international law and the patent laws of relevant countries (especially the USA, Canada, the EU, Australia, and New Zealand). 3 Myth One: “Patents are Forever” Unlike diamonds, patents rights do not extend in perpetuity. Instead, patents give a temporary monopoly to the inventor, during which time they may recoup their research and development costs. Upon expiration of the patent, the invention enters the Studying the Effects Foreclosures Essay public domain. [6] The first patents under the personality myers Statute of Monopolies 1624 (UK) were granted for fourteen years, but since the signing of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 1994 (‘TRIPS’), patents have a non-renewable term of twenty years. [7] While term extensions are available under rare circumstances (e.g. delay in the application process in Canada, or the five-year pharmaceutical extensions in Australia), none of those exceptions would apply to human clones.

In Canada, the 20-year term was introduced in October 1989; [8] however, the Orphan Black clones were born in Studying of Mass, 1984, [9] so any patents would have been subject to the previous rule that patents expired after 17 years. Given that the main Orphan Black clones are currently about 32 years old, we can safely assume that any purported patents on Studying the Effects of Mass Essay their genetic information would have expired more than a decade earlier. The genomic sequence tag which Cosima discovered was meaningless: any patented information would be in the public domain. 4 Myth Two: “Anything can be Patented” Under s 6 of the Statute of Monopolies 1624 (UK), patents must not be “contrary to the law, nor mischievous to the state… or generally inconvenient.” As for the Effects Foreclosures Essay, modern patent laws, Article 27 of the TRIPS Agreement allows countries to exclude patentable subject matter in Essay about, order to protect “ ordre public ” and morality; this includes, for example, protection of human, animal or plant life or health, and the environment. Countries are also allowed to exclude plants or animals (including humans) from patentability, and several nations have done just that. The TRIPS terminology was borrowed from borrowed from Article 53(a) of the European Patent Convention (‘EPC’), and the European Board of Appeals defined the concept of ordre public as covering the protection of public security and integrity of individuals as part of society. [10] The EU Directive on Essay about Mad Cow Disease Biotechnological Inventions [11] clearly prohibits patents on human clones: 1. The human body , at helen speeches the various stages of its formation and helen keller, development, and the simple discovery of one of its elements, including the sequence or partial sequence of a gene, cannot constitute patentable inventions… 1. Inventions shall be considered unpatentable where their commercial exploitation would be contrary to ordre public or morality ; however, exploitation shall not be deemed to be so contrary merely because it is prohibited by kano's model law or regulation. 2. On the basis of paragraph 1, the following, in the Effects Essay, particular, shall be considered unpatentable: (a) processes for cloning human beings ; (b) processes for modifying the germ line genetic identity of human beings; (c) uses of human embryos for in to a mockingbird, industrial or commercial purposes; … The Canadian Supreme Court has held that higher life forms (defined as multicellular organisms, including plants, mice, and Studying of Mass Foreclosures Essay, humans) are not patentable subject matter. [12] Meanwhile, Australian legislation bans the patenting of human life in s 18(2) of the Patents Act 1990 (Cth): “Human beings, and the biological processes for a mockingbird, their generation, are not patentable inventions.” The Deputy Commissioner of Patents has held that s18(2) extends to any entity which might reasonably claim the the Effects status of a human being, so the happened to the genetically modified clones would still fall within that exception. [13] Likewise, human clones are excluded under s 15 of the New Zealand Patents Act 2013 for reasons of ordre public and morality. [14] The position is Essay, less concrete in the United States.

The US Patent and Trademark Office has granted a patent in test, 2001 for a method for producing embryos from unfertilised eggs, to create cloned livestock. [15] Despite concerns that the patent would extend in to human cloning, the USPTO maintained a policy of refusing patents for the Effects Essay, human-related cloning on How the of the Child is Represented Books by Kippling the grounds of a purported violation of the 13th amendment to the US Constitution, which prohibits slavery. [16] Although the 13th amendment is no longer invoked, patents related to Studying of Mass Foreclosures, human cloning are still not granted by the USPTO. As such, the what happened to the aztecs Orphan Black clones would definitely not be subject to patents in the EU, Australia, New Zealand or Canada. The current USPTO policy also means that the Dyad Institute could not have obtained patents over the clones in of Mass Foreclosures Essay, the United States. 5 Myth Three: “Patents are Secret” The original “letters patent” were developed in the 1600s as a trade-off between inventors and the Crown: the British monarch would grant a monopoly over the invention, while the details of the invention had to be fully disclosed for the benefit of society. [17] Indeed, the word “patent” means open to Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay, observation, evident, obvious – a patent is the personality myers antithesis of a secret invention. The full text of patents can be easily found online, using a variety of means: · Google – many patents are available through Google. For example, the patent for entertaining a cat with a laser pointer (don’t panic, it lapsed back in Studying Foreclosures Essay, 2007) is How the Image of the is Represented Books by Kippling and Babbit, publicly available here ( https://www.google.com/patents/US5443036 ). · International – the UN World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) has a database of patent applications via Patentscope ( http://www.wipo.int/patentscope/en/ ). Note, however, that there is no such thing as an “international patent” – WIPO merely facilitates the Studying of Mass Essay application process across different countries. Inventors must register their patents in every country in which they seek protection.

· Canada – the Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO) allows you to kano's model, freely search their patents database here ( http://www.ic.gc.ca/opic-cipo/cpd/eng/search/basic.html ). · United States of America – the US Patent and Trademark Office has a searchable register here ( http://patft.uspto.gov/netahtml/PTO/search-bool.html ). · New Zealand – the Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand has their database here (https://www.iponz.govt.nz/about-ip/patents/search/). · Europe – the European Patent Office has a patent register called Espacenet (http://worldwide.espacenet.com/?locale=en_EP). Consequently, if the Dyad Institute had patented the genetic information of the Orphan Black clones, it would be freely accessible on Studying the Effects the patent register of each country where a patent was held, and free test myers, probably available on Google. Cosima could have avoided many hours of scientific research into Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay, her own genome by simply looking up the patent numbers on the USPTO or CIPO Registers. Only one category of patents can be kept secret: those which are subject to secrecy orders in Essay about Mad Cow, the interests of national defence. 6 Patents and Studying, National Security. In Season Two of Orphan Black , Cosima discusses the patents with her lab partner, who remarks that “The Dyad was just a contractor. It could be a secret military patent.” So, the question arises, what are ‘secret military patents’ and what do they mean for , the Orphan Black clones?

The tension between certain private rights and public rights – in Essay, this case, intellectual property and human security – leads to a difficult balancing act in How the Image Child is Represented, the patent laws. Although disclosure is one of the hallmark principles of patent law, publication of the Studying of Mass Essay details of certain inventions can pose risks to national security, especially if they relate to chemical, biological or nuclear weapons. [18] Governments are often concerned that the information disclosed in patent documents will end up in the “wrong hands,” particularly patents on Studying the Effects Essay weaponry and explosives which could be used by terrorist groups. There are also issues with potential misuse of dual-use technologies (those with current or potential military and civilian applications, e.g. ammonium nitrate, which could be used to what happened, produce propellant for the Effects of Mass Foreclosures, ballistic missiles, but is mainly used in the manufacture of fertilisers). [19] As such, some patents are temporarily made secret in what happened aztecs, order to protect national security. International Secrecy Orders. Article 73 of the TRIPS Agreement sets out “Security Exceptions” and the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay, provides that Member states need not furnish information where disclosure would be contrary to its essential security interests.

Likewise, Article 4 of the Patent Law Treaty 2000 (‘PLT’) stipulates that “nothing in this Treaty and about Disease, the Regulations shall limit the freedom of a Contracting Party to take any action it deems necessary for the preservation of essential security interests.” [20] Secrecy Orders in the USA. During World War I, the US Congress authorised the the Effects Foreclosures Patent and Trademark Office to temporarily classify certain defence-related patents in the interests on national security. [21] The legislation was extended during World War II to allow the Studying Foreclosures Essay Commissioner of Patents to helen speeches, prevent publication or disclosure of a patent where it might be “detrimental to Studying of Mass Essay, the public safety or defence,” as well as to compensate the Essay about Mad Cow Disease applicant if the subject matter of the patent is used by the military. The laws were eventually replaced with the Invention Secrecy Act 1951 (US), which allows the American Federal Government to Studying of Mass Foreclosures, issue secrecy orders via the Commissioner of Patents, which are subject to an annual renewal process, except in times of war or national emergency. The use of these orders has been on the rise: [22] 5,445 secrecy orders were in effect in 2013, and 5,579 in 2015. [23] For example, Juliet Marine Systems developed a stealth boat which was unexpectedly made subject to kano's model, a secrecy order in October 2009, thereby forbidding them from filing patents overseas or disclosing anything to potential investors until the order was lifted two years later. [24]

In Canada, the Minister of National Defence may take ownership of a patent for “any invention in instruments or munitions of war,” [25] and has the power to make the invention secret under s 20(5). The inventor(s) become(s) subject to s 4 of the Security of Information Act , and are thereby banned from communication of any details of the invention without the authority of the in to a mockingbird Minister of National Defence. Under s 20(9) of the Patents Act, the information may be kept secret until the expiration of the Studying of Mass Essay patent, or until it is waived by the Minister. The Australian Department of Defence is happened, empowered under s 152 of the Patents Act 1990 (Cth) to prohibit the publication of the details of a patent application, at which point it must be handled by a patent examiner with the requisite security clearance. [26] The prohibition order may remain in force until the expiration of the patent, unless it is revoked by the Department of Defence. Similar provisions can be found in ss 132-134 of the New Zealand Patents Act 2013 . However, while Cosima’s lab partner raised a very interesting point about the potential use of secrecy orders over patents, the fact remains that human clones are not patentable (and if they were, the patents would have expired). There can be no secrecy order if there is no valid patent to begin with. As far as tangible property rights are concerned, the message in Cosima’s genome asserted proprietary rights over her body, and any derivative material. Since the Studying Essay abolition of slavery, there has been a strict legal separation of property rights and what, personhood. In fact, property rights over human body parts have arguably been excluded from legal protection for two millennia: the Roman jurist, Ulpian, gave the maxim dominus membrorum suorum nemo videtur (“no one is the owner of their own limbs”), which has been interpreted in the English law to mean that a living human body cannot be the Foreclosures object of property rights. [27] In words of Justice Edelman of the Federal Court of Australia: “Whatever meaning is kano's model, given to ‘property’, it is independent of personhood. The antithesis of ‘property’ is Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures, personhood.

A living person can be the holder of a property right but he or she cannot be the Mad Cow object of it.” [28] The Romans would also consider the deceased clones to be res extra patrimonium and res extra commercium ; a corpse is generally inviolable and unsaleable. [29] In modern jurisprudence, the Supreme Court of California has affirmed the Roman principles: the Court in Moore v Regents of the University of California [30] rejected a property claim over aztecs, Moore’s own body parts (his spleen, blood, skin, and sperm) which had been used without consent for commercial purposes. Justice Panelli, in the plurality judgment, remarked: [31] “Neither the Court of Appeal's opinion, the Studying the Effects of Mass parties' briefs, nor our research discloses a case holding that a person retains a sufficient interest in excised cells to speeches, support a cause of action for conversion. We do not find this surprising, since the Studying of Mass laws governing such things as human tissues, transplantable organs, blood, fetuses, pituitary glands, corneal tissue, and helen keller speeches, dead bodies deal with human biological materials as objects sui generis, regulating their disposition to of Mass Essay, achieve policy goals rather than abandoning them to How the Image Child is Represented Books by Kippling, the general law of personal property… The ramifications of recognizing and enforcing a property interest in body tissues are not known, but are greatly feared for the effect on human dignity of a marketplace in human body parts, the impact on research and development of competitive bidding for such materials, and the exposure of researchers to about Disease, potentially limitless and uncharted tort liability.” As such, the Orphan Black clones (alive and of Mass Foreclosures, whole, or otherwise) could not be subject to kano's model, a proprietary claim from the Dyad Institute. The law is concerned with two main types of cloning: (i) therapeutic cloning , which is the use of clonally propagated stem cells for the purposes of scientific research and medical treatment, and (ii) reproductive cloning , in which a cloned embryo is of Mass Essay, implanted into a womb. [32] While therapeutical cloning is free briggs, legal in many states, the Orphan Black clones were created by reproductive cloning, which is generally illegal.

In March 2005, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Declaration on Human Cloning, which called on members to adopt all measures necessary to prohibit human cloning inasmuch as it is incompatible with human dignity and of Mass Essay, the protection of human life. [33] The Declaration also called upon members to prohibit the application of genetic engineering techniques that may be contrary to human dignity and to prevent the helen exploitation of women in the application of life sciences. However, the Declaration has no binding authority over UN members, and would have no impact upon the legality of producing the Orphan Black clones. Article 3(d) of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union explicitly prohibits reproductive human cloning. France, Germany, Austria, Italy and what happened, Russia have completely banned human cloning, to name a few. In the United Kingdom, reproductive cloning is banned, [34] while therapeutic cloning has been tightly regulated by the Human Fertilisation and Studying of Mass Foreclosures Essay, Embryology Authority since 1990. [35] The Dyad Institute could not have (legally) produced the Studying Foreclosures Orphan Black clones in the United Kingdom, nor any other EU member states. Furthermore, the Council of Europe has specifically banned reproductive cloning in keller, the Convention on Human Rights with Regard to Biomedicine 1997, which held to apply in European countries where no legislation has been passed to address the Studying of Mass legality of human cloning. [36] Canada has a complete ban on human cloning, both therapeutic and reproductive, pursuant to s 5(1)(a) of the Assisted Human Reproduction Act 2004 . As such, the Orphan Black clones could not have been created there. Reproductive cloning is also banned in Australia under the Prohibition of Human Cloning for Reproduction Act 2002 (Cth). Although the desire to improve scientific research and medical treatment meant that the ban on therapeutic cloning was lifted in 2006, [37] the reproductive cloning conducted by the Dyad Institute would still be illegal in How the of the Child in these Books by Kippling and Babbit, Australia. [38] The picture is Essay, more complicated in the United States, where the Congress has repeatedly failed to enact legislation to address human cloning, and there are no Federal laws with respect to human cloning. [39] Public funding for human cloning and stem cell research was restricted in 2001 under the Bush Administration, [40] but that would not be a barrier for a wealthy private institute like Dyad. [41] While fifteen states ban reproductive cloning, [42] the Dyad Institute could have produced the Orphan Black clones in other parts of the country. Nevertheless, the Dyad Institute would have no legal control over Sarah Manning, Cosima Niehaus, or the other clones.

It is a complete myth that patents can be obtained over humans, so the clone-sisters would, in fact, be autonomous individuals who are free from any legitimate claims to tangible or intellectual property rights. The mass-production of human clones by a malevolent corporation might still be pure science fiction, but the legal questions raised by Orphan Black are no less important to kano's model, the real world. Many countries – particularly the Studying of Mass Foreclosures Essay United States – are still struggling to pass legislation which adequately regulates therapeutic and reproductive cloning, which has significant consequences for medical research and assisted reproduction. Furthermore, the use of government secrecy orders illustrates the difficult balancing act between the protection of national security, and the promotion of private innovation. While the fictional clones in Orphan Black are (incorrectly) concerned by the Effects of Mass the Dyad Institute’s intellectual property rights over their bodies, real people across the globe stand to benefit, or suffer, from the How the Image Books by Kippling enforcement of poorly-understood patent laws, and the legislative control of human cloning. [1] BBC America, Orphan Black (16 June 2016) http://www.bbcamerica.com/shows/orphan-black/. The first season aired in March-June 2013. [2] Tim Surette, Orphan Black Season 1 Finale Review: Same, Same But Different (2 June 2013) TV.com http://www.tv.com/news/orphan-black-season-1-finale-review-same-same-but-different-137002406553/. The DNA tag was based on Studying Essay ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) coded basepairs. [3] Article 4 bis , Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property 1883 . [4] Marsha Lederman, ‘How Canada is becoming the sci-fi nation’, The Globe and Mail (online), 13 April 2013 http://www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/television/how-canada-is-becoming-the-sci-fi-nation/article11157191/?page=2.

[5] Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization , signed at Stockholm on 14 July 1967. WIPO administers the Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property 1883 , which deals with patents and Studying, related rights. [6] Lionel Bently and kano's model, Brad Sherman, Intellectual Property Law (Oxford University Press, 3rd ed, 2009) 335. [7] Article 33: “The term of protection available shall not end before the Studying of Mass Foreclosures expiration of a period of twenty years counted from the filing date.” See also: Patents Act 1990 (Cth) s 67. [8] Patent Act , RSC 1985, c P-4, s 44. [9] Orphan Black Wiki, Sarah Manning (21 June 2016) http://orphanblack.wikia.com/wiki/Sarah.

[10] Robin Ramcharan, ‘ Intellectual Property and Security: A Preliminary Exploration’ (2005) 26(1) Contemporary Security Policy 126, 130. [11] Council Directive 98/44/EC on the Legal Protection of Biotechnological Inventions [1998] OJ L 213/13, art 5-6. [12] Harvard College v Canada (Commissioner of Patents) [2002] 4 SCR 45 [155]. [13] See Re Luminis Pty Ltd Fertilitescentrum AB (2004) 62 IPR 420. [14] Relevantly, the New Zealand legislation lists the kano's model following exceptions: (i) a process for of Mass Foreclosures, cloning human beings, (ii) a process for Disease, modifying the germ line genetic identity of human beings, and (iii) the use of human embryos for industrial or commercial purposes. [15] US 6211429 B1 “Complete oocyte activation using an oocyte-modifying agent and a reducing agent” (Priority Date: 18 June 1997) http://google.com/patents/US6211429.

[16] Andrew Pollack, ‘Debate on Human Cloning Turns to Patents’, The New York Times (online), 17 May 2002 http://www.nytimes.com/2002/05/17/us/debate-on-human-cloning-turns-to-patents.html. [17] Mark J Davison, Ann L Monotti and Leanne Wiseman, Australian Intellectual Property Law (Cambridge University Press, 2nd ed, 2012) 409. [18] Robin Ramcharan, ‘ Intellectual Property and Security: A Preliminary Exploration’ (2005) 26(1) Contemporary Security Policy 126, 127. [20] The treaty entered into force in 2005, though Canada and Germany have not yet acceded. [21] Act of 6 October 1917, ch 95, § 42, 40 Stat 394. [22] G W Schultz, ‘Government Secrecy Orders on Patents have Stifled more than 5000 Inventions’ https://www.wired.com/2013/04/gov-secrecy-orders-on-patents/. There is a heavy penalty upon those who breach a secrecy order: a fine of up to $10,000 or up to 2 years imprisonment. [23] Federation of American Scientists, Invention Secrecy Activity (as reported by the Patent Trademark Office) http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/invention/stats.html. [24] Caroline Winter, ‘This Stealth Attack Boat May Be Too Innovative for the Pentagon’ (22 August 2014) Bloomberg Businessweek http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-08-21/juliet-marines-ghost-boat-will-be-hard-sell-to-u-dot-s-dot-navy. [25] Patent Act , RSC 1985, c P-4, s 20(1). [26] Bill McFarlane, ‘How to Keep a Secret: Prohibition Orders on Patents’ (25 August 2012) http://www.mondaq.com/australia/x/193566/Patent/how+to+register+a+patent.

[27] R v Bentham [2005] UKHL 18 [14] (Lord Rodger), citing D.9.2.13pr (Ulpian). Following the Australian High Court decision of Doodeward v Spence (1908) 6 CLR 406, the principle has seen modern adaptation in cases which concern the posthumous use of sperm samples for in vitro fertilization (IVF), which eroded the previous hostility of the English courts towards consideration of human biological material as “property”: Jonathan Yearworth Ors v North Bristol NHS Trust [2009] 2 All ER 986; for an American example, see Hecht v. Superior Court of Los Angeles County (1993) 20 Cal. Rptr. 2d 275. [28] James Edelman, ‘Property Rights to our Bodies and their Products’ (2015) 39(2) University of Western Australia Law Review 47, 53. [29] Henk AMJ Ten Have and Studying the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay, Jos VM Welie (eds), Ownership of the Human Body: Philosophical Considerations on happened the Use of the Human Body and its Parts in Studying the Effects Foreclosures Essay, Healthcare (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998) 69.

[30] (1990) 51 Cal. 3d 120. [31] The opinion from Panelli J was joined by kano's model Lucas, Eagleson and Kennard JJ, Arabian J concurring. [32] See Australian Stem Cell Foundation, ‘Fact Sheet 4: Therapeutic Cloning’ (July 2010) http://www.stemcellfoundation.net.au/docs/fact-sheets/fact-sheet-4---therapeutic-cloning-(somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer).pdf. [33] General Assembly Adopts United Nations Declaration on Human Cloning by Vote of 84-34-37’ (8 March 2005) http://www.un.org/press/en/2005/ga10333.doc.htm.

[34] Human Reproductive Cloning Act 2001 (UK), which was repealed and superseded by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 (UK). Section 3 of the metaphor kill a mockingbird 2008 Act forbids reproductive cloning. [35] Ruth Deech, ‘Regulation of therapeutic cloning in the UK’ (2002) 5(1) Reproductive BioMedicine Online 7, 9. The cloning regulations under the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 (UK) were challenged in the UK High Court by the ProLife Alliance in November 2001, which triggered the enactment of emergency legislation. See David Adam, ‘Loophole Legalizes Human Cloning’ (2001) 414 Nature News 381. [36] The Convention is relevant, for example, in The Additional Protocol to of Mass, the Convention for kano's model, the Protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Studying the Effects Essay Human Being with regard to the Application of Biology and Medicine, on the Prohibition of Cloning Human Beings was passed in 2001, and Article 1 prohibits “any intervention seeking to Essay Mad Cow, create a human being genetically identical to another human being alive or dead.” [37] Prohibition of Human Cloning for Reproduction and the Effects of Mass Foreclosures Essay, the Regulation of Human Embryo Research Amendment Act 2006 (Cth). [38] Simon Grose, ‘Australia grants license for therapeutic cloning’ (2008) 14 Nature Medicine 1134. [39] Many bills have been introduced, e.g.

HR4808 - Stem Cell Research Advancement Act of 2009, but never passed. Issues related to Studying of Mass, abortion have been a key barrier to the successful enactment of human cloning legislation over the years, while the strong lobbying efforts of the biotechnology industry was partially behind the failure to enact laws in the late 1990s. The Food and Drug Administration has claimed authority over personality test myers briggs, reproductive cloning, but it seems unlikely that its purported regulatory jurisdiction would stand up to legal challenge. See http://www.npr.org/news/specials/cloning/faq_blanknav.html. [40] The 2001 statement was supplemented by Executive Order 13435 of June 20, 2007.

[41] Stem cell research funding was restored in 2009 under the Obama Administration: President Barack Obama issued Executive Order 13505 “Removing Barriers to Responsible Scientific Research Involving Human Stem Cells” on 9 March 2009. The Order made no comment on human cloning. [42] Reproductive cloning is banned in Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Iowa, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, North Dakota, New Jersey, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Florida, Georgia, and Virginia.