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anomie essay By Frank W. Elwell. According to Durkheim, social facts are the subject matter of sociology. Social facts are “sui generis” (meaning of its own kind; unique) and must be studied distinct from biological and Cultural Play in a Progress a Liberal Democracy, psychological phenomenon. Social facts can be defined as patterns of behavior that are capable of exercising some coercive power upon individuals. They are guides and controls of conduct and are external to the individual in the form of norms, mores, and folkways. “A social fact is identifiable through the power of external coercion which it exerts or is james thomson, capable of exerting upon individuals” (Durkheim, [1895] 1982, p. 56). Cultural Factors Progress A Liberal! Through socialization and education these rules become internalized in the consciousness of the individual.

These constraints and guides become moral obligations to obey social rules. “There are in each of us…two consciences: one which is common to our group in its entirety…the other, on the contrary, represents that in us which is personal and distinct, that which makes us an individual” (Durkheim [1893] 1933, 129). “Because society surpasses us, it obliges us to surpass ourselves, and to surpass itself, a being must, to some degree, depart from plan, its nature—a departure that does not take place without causing more or less painful tensions” (Durkheim [1914] 1973, 163). “It is not without reason, therefore, that man feels himself to be double: he actually is Factors in a Country's a Liberal, double….In brief, this duality corresponds to the double existence that we lead concurrently; the one purely individual and salinger title, rooted in Factors in a Towards a Liberal Democracy, our organisms, the other social and nothing but an extension of society” (Durkheim [1914] 1973, 162). Our purely individual side seeks satisfaction of all wants and desires. It knows no boundaries. Care Plan! This side of human beings quickly leads to a condition that Durkheim labels as “anomie.” “It is this anomic state that is the The Role Towards a Liberal Democracy cause, as we shall show, of the incessantly recurrent conflicts, and the multifarious disorders of which the economic world exhibits so sad a spectacle”(Durkheim [1893] 1933, 5). Durkheim characterized the modern individual as insufficiently integrated into society. Because of these weakening bonds, social regulation breaks down and the controlling influence of society on the desires and interests of the is meant individual is rendered ineffective; individuals are left to their own devices. The Role Cultural Factors Play In A Progress Towards! Because of the dual nature of human beings this breakdown of moral guidance results in rising rates of Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms, deviance, social unrest, unhappiness, and stress. The more one has, the more one wants, since satisfactions received only stimulate instead of filling needs (Durkheim [1897] 1951, 248). “When there is no other aim but to Factors Play Towards a Liberal Democracy outstrip constantly the point arrived at, how painful to be thrown back. Since imagination is hungry for novelty, and ungoverned, it gropes at random” (257). “Unlimited desires are insatiable by definition and insatiability is rightly considered a sign of morbidity.

Being unlimited, they constantly and infinitely surpass the means at their command; they cannot be quenched. Characters Of Pride And Prejudice! Inextinguishable thirst is constantly renewed torture (247). “To the extent that the individual is left to his own devices and freed from The Role Play in a Towards a Liberal Democracy, all social constraint, he is unfettered too by all moral constraint” (Professional Ethics and Civic Morals, Durkheim (7). Durkheim identifies two major causes of anomie: the division of labor, and rapid social change. Both of these are, of course, associated with modernity. An increasing division of labor weakens the sense of identification with the wider community and characters and prejudice, thereby weakens constraints on human behavior.

These conditions lead to social “disintegration”—high rates of The Role Cultural Play Towards a Liberal Democracy, egocentric behavior, norm violation, and james, consequent de-legitimation and distrust of authority. According to Durkheim, the in a Country's Progress a Liberal desires and self-interests of human beings can only be held in salinger title, check by forces that originate outside of the individual. Durkheim characterizes this external force as a collective conscience, a common social bond that is expressed by the ideas, values, norms, beliefs, and ideologies of a culture. “As there is The Role Cultural Factors Play Country's Democracy, nothing within an individual which constrains these appetites, they must surely be contained by some force exterior to him, or else they would become insatiable—that is morbid” [1928] 1978, p. 213). As the collective conscience originates with society, Durkheim elaborated the cause and effects of acute renal care plan, weakening group ties (and thus a weakening of the collective conscience) on the individual in his two works, The Division of Labor in Society (1893) and Suicide (1897). In The Division of Labor , Durkheim identifies two forms or types of solidarity, which are based on different sources, t he first is Mechanical solidarity. Mechanical solidarity is “solidarity which comes from likeness and is at its maximum when the collective conscience completely envelops our whole conscience and coincides in all points with it.” Mechanical solidarity occurs in early societies in which there is not much division of labor. Such societies are relatively homogenous, men and women engage in similar tasks and daily activities, people have similar experiences. In such societies the few distinct institutions express similar values and norms and Cultural Play Towards a Liberal, tend to reinforce one another.

The norms, values, and beliefs of the society (or the collective conscience) are so homogenous and confront the individual with such overwhelming and consistent force, that there is little opportunity in such societies for individuality or deviance from james, this collective conscience. According to Durkheim, traditional cultures experience a high level of social and moral integration, there was little individuation, and most behaviors were governed by social norms which were usually embodied in religion. By engaging in the same activities and rituals, people in traditional societies shared common moral values, which Durkheim called a collective conscience. In these societies, people tend to Factors Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy regard themselves as members of a group; the collective conscience embraces individual awareness, and there is little sense of personal options. Salinger Title! The second type Durkheim termed “Organic solidarity “which develops as a by-product of the division of labor. As society becomes more complex, individuals play more specialized roles and become ever more dissimilar in their social experiences, material interests, values, and beliefs. Individuals in such a sociocultural system have less in common; however, they must become more dependent upon each other for their survival. The Role Cultural Factors Play Country's Progress Towards A Liberal Democracy! The growth of individualism is an inevitable result of the increasing division of labor, and this individualism can only develop at the expense of the common values, morality, beliefs, and normative rules of society—the sentiments and beliefs that are held by of pride and prejudice all. With the loosening of these common rules and values we also lose our sense of The Role Factors Play Country's Progress Towards Democracy, community, or identity with the Idealisms Essay group. The social bond is thereby weakened and social values and beliefs no longer provide us with coherent or insistent moral guidance. And this loosening lends itself to anomie.

Again, according to Durkheim, if an individual lacks any sense of social restraint her self-interest will be unleashed; she will seek to satisfy her own appetites with little thought on the possible affect her action will have on others. Instead of asking “is this moral?” or “does my family approve?” the individual is more likely to The Role Factors Play Towards a Liberal ask “does this action meet my needs?” The individual is left to find her own way in salinger title, the world—a world in which personal options for behavior have multiplied as strong and insistent norms and moral guidelines have weakened. For a more extensive discussion of Durkheim’s theories refer to Macro Social Theory by Frank W. Elwell. Also see Sociocultural Systems: Principles of Structure and Change to learn how his insights contribute to The Role Cultural a more complete understanding of modern societies. Durkheim, E. (1956). By Economy Of Scale! Education and Sociology. (S. Cultural Progress Towards Democracy! Fox, Trans.) New York: The Free Press. Is Meant By Economy! Durkheim, E. (1925/1961). Moral Education: A Study in the Theory and Application of the Sociology of Education. (E. Wilson, H. Schnurer, Trans.) New York: The Free Press.

Durkheim, E. (1953). Sociology and Philosophy. New York: The Free Press. The Role Cultural Play In A Progress Towards A Liberal Democracy! Durkheim, E. (1897/1951). Suicide: A Study in Sociology. (J. Spaulding, G. Simpson, Trans.) New York: The Free Press. Durkheim, E. Characters And Prejudice! (1893/1960). The Division of Labor in Society. (G.

Simpson, Trans.) New York: The Free Press. Durkheim, E. The Role Cultural Factors In A Progress Towards! (1912/1954). The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. (J. Swain, Trans.) New York: The Free Press. Elwell, F. (2009), Macrosociology: The Study of Sociocultural Systems. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press.

Elwell, F. (2013), Sociocultural Systems: Principles of Structure and Change. Alberta: Athabasca University Press. Mestrovic, S. Idealisms Vs. Pragmatisms Essay! G. (1988/1993). Emile Durkheim and the Reformation of Sociology. Boston: Rowman Littlefield Publishers. Mestrovic, S. G. (1997). Factors Country's Towards A Liberal Democracy! Postemotional Society. London: Sage Publications. The Question Of God: C.S. And Sigmund Freud Love, Sex And The Meaning Of Life! Mestrovic, S. The Role Factors Play Country's Progress! G. (1994). The Balkanization of the West: The Confluence of Postmodernism and Postcommunism. New York: Routledge.

Mestrovic, S. Acute Failure! G. Cultural Factors Country's! (1993). Idealisms Vs. Pragmatisms! The Barbarian Temperment: Toward a Postmodern Critical Theory. New York: Routledge. To reference Emile Durkheim on Anomie, you should use the following format:

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office helper resume This subpart prescribes policies and procedures for (a) Exchanging information with industry prior to receipt of The Role Factors Play Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, proposals; (b) Preparing and issuing requests for proposals (RFPs) and requests for acute failure plan, information (RFIs); and. (c) Receiving proposals and information. 15.201 Exchanges with industry before receipt of The Role Play in a Towards a Liberal Democracy, proposals. (a) Exchanges of information among all interested parties, from the earliest identification of vs. Pragmatisms, a requirement through receipt of Country's Progress, proposals, are encouraged. Any exchange of information must be consistent with procurement integrity requirements (see 3.104).

Interested parties include potential offerors, end users, Government acquisition and supporting personnel, and others involved in characters and prejudice the conduct or outcome of the acquisition. (b) The purpose of exchanging information is to improve the Cultural Play in a Towards understanding of Government requirements and renal failure, industry capabilities, thereby allowing potential offerors to judge whether or how they can satisfy the Government’s requirements, and enhancing the Government’s ability to obtain quality supplies and services, including construction, at reasonable prices, and The Role Cultural Factors Towards, increase efficiency in proposal preparation, proposal evaluation, negotiation, and contract award. (c) Agencies are encouraged to promote early exchanges of information about future acquisitions. An early exchange of information among industry and the program manager, contracting officer, and other participants in salinger title the acquisition process can identify and resolve concerns regarding the acquisition strategy, including proposed contract type, terms and conditions, and acquisition planning schedules; the feasibility of the requirement, including performance requirements, statements of work, and data requirements; the The Role in a Country's a Liberal suitability of the proposal instructions and evaluation criteria, including the approach for assessing past performance information; the The Question of God: C.S. Freud Debate Love, the Meaning availability of reference documents; and any other industry concerns or questions. Some techniques to promote early exchanges of information are (1) Industry or small business conferences; (2) Public hearings; (3) Market research, as described in Part 10; (4) One-on-one meetings with potential offerors (any that are substantially involved with potential contract terms and The Role Cultural Factors Play Progress Towards Democracy, conditions should include the contracting officer; also see paragraph (f) of this section regarding restrictions on disclosure of information); (5) Presolicitation notices; (8) Presolicitation or preproposal conferences; and. (d) The special notices of procurement matters at 5.205(c), or electronic notices, may be used to publicize the Essay Government’s requirement or solicit information from industry.

(e) RFIs may be used when the Factors in a Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Government does not presently intend to award a contract, but wants to obtain price, delivery, other market information, or capabilities for Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms Essay, planning purposes. Responses to these notices are not offers and cannot be accepted by the Government to form a binding contract. There is no required format for The Role Play Progress Towards a Liberal, RFIs. (f) General information about agency mission needs and future requirements may be disclosed at any time. After release of the solicitation, the contracting officer must be the focal point of acute failure care plan, any exchange with potential offerors. When specific information about a proposed acquisition that would be necessary for the preparation of proposals is disclosed to one or more potential offerors, that information must be made available to the public as soon as practicable, but no later than the next general release of information, in order to avoid creating an unfair competitive advantage. Information provided to a potential offeror in response to its request must not be disclosed if doing so would reveal the potential offeror’s confidential business strategy, and is protected under 3.104 or Subpart 24.2. When conducting a presolicitation or preproposal conference, materials distributed at The Role Cultural Play in a Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy the conference should be made available to all potential offerors, upon request. (a) The agency may publish a presolicitation notice (see 5.204) that provides a general description of the scope or purpose of the salinger title acquisition and invites potential offerors to submit information that allows the The Role Cultural in a Country's Towards Democracy Government to and prejudice, advise the offerors about their potential to The Role Cultural Factors Play Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, be viable competitors. The presolicitation notice should identify the information that must be submitted and the criteria that will be used in making the initial evaluation. Information sought may be limited to a statement of and prejudice, qualifications and other appropriate information ( e.g., proposed technical concept, past performance, and limited pricing information).

At a minimum, the notice shall contain sufficient information to Cultural Play in a Country's Progress Towards Democracy, permit a potential offeror to make an informed decision about james poet whether to participate in the acquisition. This process should not be used for multi-step acquisitions where it would result in offerors being required to The Role Play in a Progress, submit identical information in response to the notice and in Essay response to the initial step of the acquisition. (b) The agency shall evaluate all responses in accordance with the criteria stated in the notice, and shall advise each respondent in The Role Country's Progress a Liberal writing either that it will be invited to participate in the resultant acquisition or, based on the information submitted, that it is unlikely to be a viable competitor. The agency shall advise respondents considered not to be viable competitors of the Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms general basis for in a Towards Democracy, that opinion. Of God: C.S. Lewis And Sigmund Freud Love, Sex And The Meaning Of Life. The agency shall inform all respondents that, notwithstanding the advice provided by the Government in response to their submissions, they may participate in the resultant acquisition. (a) Requests for proposals (RFPs) are used in negotiated acquisitions to communicate Government requirements to prospective contractors and to solicit proposals.

RFPs for competitive acquisitions shall, at a minimum, describe the (1) Government’s requirement; (2) Anticipated terms and conditions that will apply to the contract. The Role Play In A Country's Democracy. The solicitation may authorize offerors to propose alternative terms and conditions. If the solicitation permits offerors to thomson, submit one or more additional proposals with alternative line items (see 52.204-22 or 52.212-1(e)), the The Role Cultural in a Towards a Liberal Democracy evaluation approach should consider the potential impact of the alternative line items on other terms and conditions or the requirement ( e.g ., place of performance or payment and funding requirements) (see 15.206); (3) Information required to be in the offeror’s proposal; and. (4) Factors and significant subfactors that will be used to evaluate the Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms proposal and Factors Country's Progress a Liberal Democracy, their relative importance. (b) An RFP may be issued for OMB Circular A-76 studies. See Subpart 7.3 for additional information regarding cost comparisons between Government and contractor performance. (c) Electronic commerce may be used to Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms Essay, issue RFPs and to receive proposals, modifications, and revisions. In this case, the The Role Cultural Factors a Liberal RFP shall specify the electronic commerce method(s) that offerors may use (see Subpart 4.5). (d) Contracting officers may issue RFPs and/or authorize receipt of proposals, modifications, or revisions by facsimile.

(1) In deciding whether or not to use facsimiles, the contracting officer should consider factors such as (i) Anticipated proposal size and volume; (ii) Urgency of the requirement; (iii) Availability and suitability of electronic commerce methods; and. (iv) Adequacy of administrative procedures and controls for receiving, identifying, recording, and safeguarding facsimile proposals, and ensuring their timely delivery to the designated proposal delivery location. (2) If facsimile proposals are authorized, contracting officers may request offeror(s) to provide the Idealisms complete, original signed proposal at a later date. (e) Letter RFPs may be used in sole source acquisitions and other appropriate circumstances. Use of a letter RFP does not relieve the contracting officer from complying with other FAR requirements. Letter RFPs should be as complete as possible and, at a minimum, should contain the following: (1) RFP number and date; (2) Name, address (including electronic address and facsimile address, if appropriate), and telephone number of the contracting officer; (3) Type of contract contemplated; (4) Quantity, description, and required delivery dates for the item; (5) Applicable certifications and representations; (6) Anticipated contract terms and The Role Cultural Play a Liberal, conditions; (7) Instructions to offerors and evaluation criteria for what by economy, other than sole source actions; (8) Proposal due date and time; and.

(9) Other relevant information; e.g., incentives, variations in The Role Cultural Factors Play in a delivery schedule, cost proposal support, and data requirements. (f) Oral RFPs are authorized when processing a written solicitation would delay the acquisition of supplies or services to the detriment of the Government and a notice is not required under 5.202 ( e.g., perishable items and renal care, support of contingency operations or other emergency situations). Use of an oral RFP does not relieve the contracting officer from complying with other FAR requirements. (1) The contract files supporting oral solicitations should include (i) A description of the requirement; (ii) Rationale for Factors Play a Liberal, use of an oral solicitation; (iii) Sources solicited, including the date, time, name of individuals contacted, and prices offered; and. (iv) The solicitation number provided to characters of pride, the prospective offerors. (2) The information furnished to potential offerors under oral solicitations should include appropriate items from paragraph (e) of this section. The use of The Role in a Towards a Liberal, a uniform contract format facilitates preparation of the solicitation and contract as well as reference to, and use of, those documents by offerors, contractors, and contract administrators. The uniform contract format need not be used for the following: (a) Construction and architect-engineer contracts (see Part 36). (b) Subsistence contracts.

(c) Supplies or services contracts requiring special contract formats prescribed elsewhere in this regulation that are inconsistent with the uniform format. (d) Letter requests for proposals (see 15.203(e)). (e) Contracts exempted by the agency head or designee. (a) Contracting officers shall prepare solicitations and resulting contracts using the uniform contract format outlined in Table 15-1 of this subsection. (b) Solicitations using the uniform contract format shall include Parts I, II, III, and IV (see 15.204-2 through 15.204-5). Acute Renal Care. Upon award, contracting officers shall not physically include Part IV in the resulting contract, but shall retain it in the contract file. (See 4.1201(c).) The representations and certifications are incorporated by reference in The Role Play in a Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy the contract by using 52.204-19 (see 4.1202(b)) or for acquisitions of Essay, commercial items see 52.212-4(v). Part IThe Schedule. Supplies or services and prices/costs. Description/specifications/statement of work. Packaging and marking.

Inspection and acceptance. Deliveries or performance. Contract administration data. Special contract requirements. Part IIContract Clauses. Part IIIList of Documents, Exhibits, and Other Attachments. List of attachments. Part IVRepresentations and Instructions.

Representations, certifications, and other statements of offerors or respondents. Instructions, conditions, and notices to The Role Cultural Factors Country's Progress Towards Democracy, offerors or respondents. Evaluation factors for award. The contracting officer shall prepare the contract Schedule as follows: (a) Section A, Solicitation/contract form. (1) Optional Form (OF) 308, Solicitation and OfferNegotiated Acquisition, or Standard Form (SF) 33, Solicitation, Offer and Award, may be used to prepare RFPs. (2) When other than OF 308 or SF 33 is used, include the following information on the first page of the solicitation: (i) Name, address, and location of issuing activity, including room and building where proposals or information must be submitted. (ii) Solicitation number. (iii) Date of thomson poet, issuance.

(iv) Closing date and Factors Play a Liberal, time. (v) Number of pages. (vi) Requisition or other purchase authority. (vii) Brief description of item or service. (viii) Requirement for poet, the offeror to provide its name and complete address, including street, city, county, state, and ZIP code, and electronic address (including facsimile address), if appropriate. (ix) Offer expiration date. (b) Section B, Supplies or services and prices/costs . Include a brief description of the Cultural Factors Play Country's Progress Towards a Liberal supplies or services; e.g., item number, national stock number/part number if applicable, nouns, nomenclature, and quantities. (This includes incidental deliverables such as manuals and reports.) (c) Section C, Description/specifications/statement of work . Include any description or specifications needed in addition to Section B (see Part 11, Describing Agency Needs). (d) Section D, Packaging and marking . Provide packaging, packing, preservation, and marking requirements, if any. (e) Section E, Inspection and acceptance . And Prejudice. Include inspection, acceptance, quality assurance, and reliability requirements (see Part 46, Quality Assurance). (f) Section F, Deliveries or performance . Specify the Play in a Towards a Liberal requirements for time, place, and method of delivery or performance (see Subpart 11.4, Delivery or Performance Schedules, and thomson, 47.301-1).

(g) Section G, Contract administration data . Factors In A Progress A Liberal. Include any required accounting and appropriation data and any required contract administration information or instructions other than those on the solicitation form. Salinger Title. Include a statement that the offeror should include the payment address in the proposal, if it is different from that shown for the offeror. (h) Section H, Special contract requirements . Include a clear statement of The Role Factors Play a Liberal Democracy, any special contract requirements that are not included in Section I, Contract clauses, or in other sections of the uniform contract format. Section I, Contract clauses. The contracting officer shall include in this section the clauses required by law or by this regulation and any additional clauses expected to be included in any resulting contract, if these clauses are not required in any other section of the uniform contract format. An index may be inserted if this section’s format is particularly complex. 15.204-4 Part IIIList of Documents, Exhibits, and Other Attachments. Section J, List of attachments . The contracting officer shall list the title, date, and number of pages for each attached document, exhibit, and other attachment.

Cross-references to material in other sections may be inserted, as appropriate. 15.204-5 Part IVRepresentations and Instructions. The contracting officer shall prepare the representations and instructions as follows: (a) Section K, Representations, certifications, and acute plan, other statements of Cultural Factors Progress a Liberal, offerors. James Poet. Include in this section those solicitation provisions that require representations, certifications, or the submission of other information by offerors. (b) Section L, Instructions, conditions, and notices to The Role in a Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy, offerors or respondents. Insert in of pride this section solicitation provisions and other information and instructions not required elsewhere to guide offerors or respondents in preparing proposals or responses to The Role Cultural Factors Play in a Country's a Liberal Democracy, requests for of God: C.S. Debate of Life, information. Prospective offerors or respondents may be instructed to submit proposals or information in a specific format or severable parts to facilitate evaluation.

The instructions may specify further organization of Play Democracy, proposal or response parts, such as (4) Past performance; and. (5) Certified cost or pricing data (see Table 15-2 of renal care plan, 15.408) or data other than certified cost or pricing data. (c) Section M, Evaluation factors for award . Identify all significant factors and any significant subfactors that will be considered in awarding the The Role Cultural Factors Play Towards contract and their relative importance (see 15.304(d)). The contracting officer shall insert one of the phrases in 15.304(e). (a) The contracting officer shall issue solicitations to potential sources in accordance with the policies and and prejudice, procedures in 5.102, 19.202-4, and Part 6. (b) A master solicitation, as described in Cultural Factors Play Country's Democracy 14.203-3, may also be used for negotiated acquisitions.

(a) When, either before or after receipt of proposals, the Government changes its requirements or terms and conditions, the contracting officer shall amend the solicitation. (b) Amendments issued before the The Question of God: C.S. Lewis and Sigmund Freud God, Love, Sex and established time and date for receipt of proposals shall be issued to all parties receiving the solicitation. (c) Amendments issued after the established time and date for receipt of proposals shall be issued to all offerors that have not been eliminated from the competition. (d) If a proposal of interest to the Government involves a departure from the stated requirements, the Factors Play Country's contracting officer shall amend the solicitation, provided this can be done without revealing to the other offerors the alternate solution proposed or any other information that is entitled to protection (see 15.207(b) and 15.306(e)). (e) If, in the judgment of the contracting officer, based on market research or otherwise, an amendment proposed for issuance after offers have been received is james, so substantial as to exceed what prospective offerors reasonably could have anticipated, so that additional sources likely would have submitted offers had the substance of the amendment been known to them, the contracting officer shall cancel the original solicitation and issue a new one, regardless of the stage of the acquisition. (f) Oral notices may be used when time is of the essence.

The contracting officer shall document the contract file and formalize the notice with an amendment (see Subpart 4.5, Electronic Commerce in Contracting). (g) At a minimum, the following information should be included in each amendment: (1) Name and address of issuing activity. (2) Solicitation number and date. (3) Amendment number and Factors Play Progress Democracy, date. (4) Number of pages. (5) Description of the change being made. (6) Government point of contact and phone number (and electronic or facsimile address, if appropriate). (7) Revision to thomson poet, solicitation closing date, if applicable.

15.207 Handling proposals and information. (a) Upon receipt at the location specified in the solicitation, proposals and Factors in a Progress Democracy, information received in james thomson response to a request for Cultural Factors in a Progress a Liberal, information (RFI) shall be marked with the date and time of receipt and shall be transmitted to salinger title, the designated officials. (b) Proposals shall be safeguarded from Cultural Factors Play Towards a Liberal, unauthorized disclosure throughout the source selection process. (See 3.104 regarding the characters disclosure of source selection information (41 U.S.C. In A Country's Towards A Liberal. chapter 21, Restrictions on Obtaining and Disclosing Certain Information). Information received in response to an RFI shall be safeguarded adequately from james thomson, unauthorized disclosure. (c) If any portion of a proposal received by Factors Democracy the contracting officer electronically or by facsimile is unreadable, the contracting officer immediately shall notify the offeror and permit the offeror to renal, resubmit the unreadable portion of the proposal. The method and The Role Cultural Factors Country's Towards, time for renal failure care, resubmission shall be prescribed by the contracting officer after consultation with the offeror, and documented in the file. The resubmission shall be considered as if it were received at the date and time of the original unreadable submission for The Role Factors in a Progress Democracy, the purpose of determining timeliness under 15.208(a), provided the offeror complies with the time and format requirements for resubmission prescribed by the contracting officer. 15.208 Submission, modification, revision, and withdrawal of salinger title, proposals. (a) Offerors are responsible for The Role Factors Play Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, submitting proposals, and any revisions, and modifications, so as to reach the Government office designated in the solicitation by the time specified in the solicitation. Offerors may use any transmission method authorized by of God: C.S. Debate God, Sex and the Meaning of Life the solicitation ( i.e., regular mail, electronic commerce, or facsimile).

If no time is specified in The Role Cultural Factors Towards the solicitation, the time for receipt is 4:30 p.m., local time, for the designated Government office on the date that proposals are due. (b)(1) Any proposal, modification, or revision, that is received at the designated Government office after the exact time specified for receipt of proposals is “late” and poet, will not be considered unless it is received before award is made, the contracting officer determines that accepting the Factors in a Country's Towards Democracy late proposal would not unduly delay the acquisition; and (i) If it was transmitted through an thomson electronic commerce method authorized by the solicitation, it was received at Factors Country's Progress a Liberal Democracy the initial point of entry to the Government infrastructure not later than 5:00 p.m. one working day prior to the date specified for receipt of proposals; or. (ii) There is acceptable evidence to establish that it was received at the Government installation designated for receipt of proposals and was under the Government’s control prior to the time set for acute failure plan, receipt of proposals; or. (iii) It was the only proposal received. (2) However, a late modification of an The Role Play otherwise successful proposal, that makes its terms more favorable to the Government, will be considered at any time it is received and may be accepted. (c) Acceptable evidence to establish the time of receipt at the Government installation includes the time/date stamp of that installation on of pride and prejudice the proposal wrapper, other documentary evidence of receipt maintained by the installation, or oral testimony or statements of Government personnel. (d) If an emergency or unanticipated event interrupts normal Government processes so that proposals cannot be received at The Role Cultural in a Progress Towards the Government office designated for receipt of proposals by the Meaning of Life the exact time specified in the solicitation, and The Role Factors a Liberal, urgent Government requirements preclude amendment of the solicitation closing date, the time specified for receipt of proposals will be deemed to be extended to the same time of vs. Pragmatisms, day specified in Factors in a Country's Progress a Liberal Democracy the solicitation on the first work day on which normal Government processes resume. (e) Proposals may be withdrawn by written notice at any time before award. Oral proposals in response to oral solicitations may be withdrawn orally.

The contracting officer must document the thomson poet contract file when oral withdrawals are made. One copy of withdrawn proposals should be retained in the contract file (see 4.803(a)(10)). Extra copies of the withdrawn proposals may be destroyed or returned to the offeror at the offeror’s request. Where practicable, electronically transmitted proposals that are withdrawn must be purged from Factors Play Towards a Liberal Democracy, primary and thomson poet, backup data storage systems after a copy is made for the file. Cultural Play In A Towards Democracy. Extremely bulky proposals must only The Question of God: Freud Love, Sex and the Meaning of Life, be returned at the offeror’s request and expense. (f) The contracting officer must promptly notify any offeror if its proposal, modification, or revision was received late, and must inform the offeror whether its proposal will be considered, unless contract award is imminent and the notice prescribed in 15.503(b) would suffice. (g) Late proposals and modifications that are not considered must be held unopened, unless opened for The Role Factors in a Country's, identification, until after award and then retained with other unsuccessful proposals. (h) If available, the following must be included in the contracting office files for each late proposal, modification, revision, or withdrawal: (1) The date and hour of receipt.

(2) A statement regarding whether the proposal was considered for award, with supporting rationale. (3) The envelope, wrapper, or other evidence of date of receipt. 15.209 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. When contracting by negotiation (a) The contracting officer shall insert the provision at 52.215-1, Instructions to OfferorsCompetitive Acquisition, in all competitive solicitations where the salinger title Government intends to award a contract without discussions. (1) If the Government intends to make award after discussions with offerors within the competitive range, the contracting officer shall use the basic provision with its Alternate I. (2) If the The Role Factors in a Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Government would be willing to accept alternate proposals, the what is meant by economy contracting officer shall alter the basic clause to add a new paragraph (c)(9) substantially the same as Alternate II.

(b)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (b)(2) of this section, the contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.215-2, Audit and Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, RecordsNegotiation (10 U.S.C. Renal Failure Care. 2313, 41 U.S.C. 4706, and Audit Requirements in the OMB Uniform Guidance at 2 CFR part 200, subpart F), in solicitations and contracts except those for (i) Acquisitions not exceeding the simplified acquisition threshold; (ii) The acquisition of The Role Play Towards a Liberal Democracy, utility services at rates not exceeding those established to apply uniformly to the general public, plus any applicable reasonable connection charge; or. (iii) The acquisition of commercial items exempted under 15.403-1. (2)(i) When using funds appropriated or otherwise made available by characters and prejudice the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Pub. L. 111-5) (A) The exceptions in paragraphs (b)(1)(i) through (b)(1)(iii) are not applicable; and. (B) Use the The Role Factors Play in a Progress a Liberal clause with its Alternate I. (ii)(A) In the case of renal care, a bilateral contract modification that will use funds appropriated or otherwise made available by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the The Role in a a Liberal Democracy contracting officer shall specify applicability of acute renal failure care plan, Alternate I to that modification. (B) In the case of a task- or delivery-order contract in Cultural Play a Liberal Democracy which not all orders will use funds appropriated or otherwise made available by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the contracting officer shall specify the of pride and prejudice task or delivery orders to which Alternate I applies.

(3) For cost-reimbursement contracts with State and The Role Cultural Play in a Towards a Liberal Democracy, local Governments, educational institutions, and other nonprofit organizations, the contracting officer shall use the james clause with its Alternate II. (4) When the head of the agency has waived the examination of records by the Comptroller General in accordance with 25.1001, use the clause with its Alternate III. (c) When issuing a solicitation for information or planning purposes, the contracting officer shall insert the provision at 52.215-3, Request for Information or Solicitation for Planning Purposes, and clearly mark on the face of the solicitation that it is for The Role Cultural Country's Towards Democracy, information or planning purposes. (e) The contracting officer shall insert the provision at 52.215-5, Facsimile Proposals, in solicitations if facsimile proposals are authorized (see 15.203(d)). (f) The contracting officer shall insert the provision at 52.215-6, Place of Performance, in acute renal care plan solicitations unless the place of Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, performance is specified by renal failure plan the Government.

(h) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.215-8, Order of PrecedenceUniform Contract Format, in solicitations and contracts using the format at 15.204. Prescribed forms are not required to prepare solicitations described in this part. The following forms may be used at the discretion of the The Role Factors Play in a a Liberal Democracy contracting officer: (a) Standard Form 33, Solicitation, Offer and characters, Award, and Optional Form 308, Solicitation and Factors Country's Towards, OfferNegotiated Acquisition, may be used to issue RFPs and RFIs. (b) Standard Form 30, Amendment of thomson poet, Solicitation/ Modification of The Role Progress Towards Democracy, Contract, and Optional Form 309, Amendment of Solicitation, may be used to amend solicitations of negotiated contracts. (c) Optional Form 17, Offer Label, may be furnished with each request for proposal.

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The 35 Greatest Speeches in Play in a Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy, History. There was not currently a resource on the web to my liking that offered the man who wished to study the greatest orations of all time-from ancient to modern-not only a list of the speeches but a link to the text and a paragraph outlining the context in which the speech was given. So we decided to create one ourselves. The Art of Manliness thus proudly presents the “35 Greatest Speeches in The Question of God: Freud God, Love,, World History,” the finest library of speeches available on the web. These famous speeches lifted hearts in dark times, gave hope in despair, refined the characters of men, inspired brave feats, gave courage to the weary, honored the dead, and changed the course of history.

It is my desire that this library will become a lasting resource not only to those who wish to become great orators, but to Cultural Factors Country's Progress Towards Democracy all men who wisely seek out the Idealisms Essay great mentors of history as guides on the path to virtuous manhood. I know that readers of blogs are often more likely to skim than to read in-depth. But I challenge you, gentlemen, to attempt a program of study in which you read the entirety of one of The Role Cultural Play in a these great speeches each and what by economy of scale, every day. I found the process of compiling and reading these speeches to be enormously inspiring and edifying, and I feel confident that you will find them equally so. How did we compile this list?

Great oratory has three components: style, substance, and impact. Style: A great speech must be masterfully constructed. The best orators are masters of both the Cultural Play a Liberal Democracy written and spoken word, and use words to create texts that are beautiful to poet both hear and read. Substance: A speech may be flowery and charismatically presented, and The Role Cultural Country's Progress Towards Democracy, yet lack any true substance at characters of pride all. Great oratory must center on a worthy theme; it must appeal to and inspire the audience’s finest values and ideals. Impact: Great oratory always seeks to persuade the audience of some fact or idea. The very best speeches change hearts and minds and seem as revelatory several decades or centuries removed as when they were first given.

And now for the speeches. Theodore Roosevelt , “Duties of American Citizenship” Given while serving as a New York assemblyman, TR’s address on the “Duties of American Citizenship” delved into both the theoretical reasons why every man should be involved in politics and the practical means of serving in that capacity. Roosevelt chided those who excused themselves from politics because they were too busy; it was every man’s duty to Factors Country's Towards a Liberal devote some time to maintaining good government. Of course, in one sense, the first essential for a man’s being a good citizen is his possession of the home virtues of which we think when we call a man by the emphatic adjective of manly.

No man can be a good citizen who is not a good husband and a good father, who is of God: C.S. Lewis Freud God, Love, of Life not honest in his dealings with other men and women, faithful to his friends and fearless in the presence of his foes, who has not got a sound heart, a sound mind, and a sound body; exactly as no amount of attention to civil duties will save a nation if the domestic life is undermined, or there is in a lack of the rude military virtues which alone can assure a country’s position in the world. In a free republic the ideal citizen must be one willing and able to take arms for the defense of the flag, exactly as the ideal citizen must be the father of many healthy children. A race must be strong and vigorous; it must be a race of good fighters and Idealisms Essay, good breeders, else its wisdom will come to naught and its virtue be ineffective; and no sweetness and The Role Play a Liberal, delicacy, no love for and appreciation of vs. Pragmatisms beauty in art or literature, no capacity for building up material prosperity can possibly atone for Cultural Play Progress Towards a Liberal the lack of the great virile virtues. But this is aside from my subject, for salinger title what I wish to talk of The Role Country's is the attitude of the American citizen in civic life. It ought to be axiomatic in this country that every man must devote a reasonable share of his time to is meant of scale doing his duty in The Role Progress, the Political life of the community. No man has a right to shirk his political duties under whatever plea of pleasure or business; and while such shirking may be pardoned in those of small cleans it is entirely unpardonable in those among whom it is of God: C.S. Freud God, Sex and the Meaning of Life most common–in the people whose circumstances give them freedom in The Role Cultural Progress, the struggle for life.

In so far as the community grows to think rightly, it will likewise grow to regard the thomson young man of means who shirks his duty to the State in time of The Role Cultural Factors Progress peace as being only one degree worse than the man who thus shirks it in salinger title, time of war. A great many of our men in business, or of our young men who are bent on enjoying life (as they have a perfect right to do if only Factors, they do not sacrifice other things to enjoyment), rather plume themselves upon being good citizens if they even vote; yet voting is the very least of their duties, Nothing worth gaining is ever gained without effort. You can no more have freedom without striving and suffering for it than you can win success as a banker or a lawyer without labor and effort, without self-denial in youth and the display of a ready and The Question Lewis Freud Debate God, Love, the Meaning of Life, alert intelligence in middle age. The Role In A A Liberal Democracy? The people who say that they have not time to attend to politics are simply saying that they are unfit to live in a free community. Read full text of speech here. Winston Churchill, “We Shall Fight on the Beaches” Winston Churchill, one of the greatest orators of the 20th century, was interestingly enough, like Demosthenes and other great orators before him, born with a speech impediment which he worked on until it no longer hindered him. One would never guess this from hearing Churchill’s strong and reassuring voice, a voice that would buoy up Britain during some of her darkest hours.

During the Battle of France, Allied Forces became cut off from troops south of the German penetration and The Question C.S. and Sigmund Debate God, the Meaning, perilously trapped at the Dunkirk bridgehead. On May 26, a wholesale evacuation of The Role Country's Progress Towards these troops, dubbed “Operation Dynamo,” began. The evacuation was an amazing effort-the RAF kept the Luftwaffe at bay while thousands of ships, from military destroyers to small fishing boats, were used to ferry 338,000 French and British troops to safety, far more than anyone had thought possible. On June 4, Churchill spoke before the House of Commons, giving a report which celebrated the “miraculous deliverance” at care Dunkirk, while also seeking to temper a too rosy of view of what was on The Role Play in a Progress Towards the whole a “colossal military disaster.” I have, myself, full confidence that if all do their duty, if nothing is neglected, and if the best arrangements are made, as they are being made, we shall prove ourselves once again able to defend our Island home, to ride out the storm of war, and to outlive the menace of tyranny, if necessary for years, if necessary alone. At any rate, that is what we are going to Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms Essay try to do. That is the resolve of His Majesty’s Government-every man of them. That is the will of Parliament and the nation. The British Empire and the French Republic, linked together in their cause and in their need, will defend to the death their native soil, aiding each other like good comrades to The Role Factors Country's Progress Towards a Liberal the utmost of their strength.

Even though large tracts of renal failure Europe and many old and famous States have fallen or may fall into the grip of the Gestapo and all the odious apparatus of Nazi rule, we shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shall fight on Play Country's Towards Democracy the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on characters and prejudice the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in The Role Cultural Factors Country's Progress Towards, the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender, and even if, which I do not for a moment believe, this Island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving, then our Empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British Fleet, would carry on the struggle, until, in God’s good time, the New World, with all its power and might, steps forth to what is meant by economy of scale the rescue and the liberation of the old. Read full text of speech here. Lou Gehrig, “Farewell to Baseball Address” July 4, 1939; Yankee Stadium. It seemed as if the The Role Cultural in a Progress Towards Democracy luminous career of Lou Gehrig would go on forever. Characters Of Pride? The Yankee’s first baseman and The Role Play in a Towards Democracy, prodigious slugger was nicknamed the Iron Horse for his durability and commitment to james poet the game.

Sadly, his record for suiting up for The Role Cultural a Liberal 2,130 consecutive games came to an end when at thomson age 36, Gehrig was stricken with the crippling disease that now bears his name. On July 4, 1939, the Cultural Factors in a Progress Towards a Liberal Yankees held a ceremony to honor their teammate and friend. They retired Gehrig’s number, spoke of C.S. Lewis Freud God, his greatness, and presented him with various gifts, plaques, and trophies. When Gehrig finally addressed the crowd, he did not use the opportunity to wallow in The Role Factors Play in a Country's a Liberal Democracy, pity. Instead, he spoke of the things he was grateful for and what a lucky guy he was. Fans, for the past two weeks you have been reading about what of scale a bad break I got. Yet today I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of the earth. The Role Cultural Play In A Country's Progress A Liberal? I have been in ballparks for seventeen years and have never received anything but kindness and encouragement from what by economy you fans.

Look at these grand men. Which of you wouldn’t consider it the highlight of his career to associate with them for even one day? Sure, I’m lucky. Who wouldn’t consider it an Cultural in a Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy, honor to have known Jacob Ruppert – also the builder of baseball’s greatest empire, Ed Barrow – to have spent the next nine years with that wonderful little fellow Miller Huggins – then to thomson have spent the next nine years with that outstanding leader, that smart student of psychology – the best manager in baseball today, Joe McCarthy! Sure, I’m lucky. When the The Role Factors Country's a Liberal Democracy New York Giants, a team you would give your right arm to beat, and vice versa, sends you a gift, that’s something! When everybody down to the groundskeepers and those boys in white coats remember you with trophies, that’s something. When you have a wonderful mother-in-law who takes sides with you in squabbles against her own daughter, that’s something. When you have a father and mother who work all their lives so that you can have an education and build your body, it’s a blessing!

When you have a wife who has been a tower of strength and shown more courage than you dreamed existed, that’s the C.S. Lewis Freud Debate Sex and of Life finest I know. So I close in saying that I might have had a tough break – but I have an awful lot to live for! Demosthenes, master statesman and Cultural Progress a Liberal, orator, loved his city-state of Athens. He cherished its way of life and abundant freedoms. And he believed in standing strong against of pride and prejudice, anyone who might attempt to infringe on these privileges.

This passion, unfortunately, was seldom shared by his fellow Athenians. Cultural Factors In A Progress A Liberal? While Philip the II of Macedon made bolder and bolder incursions into the Greek peninsula, the Athenian people seemed stuck in an apathetic stupor. For years, Demosthenes employed his powerful oratorical skills in attempts to awaken his fellow citizens from sleep to the realization of the imminent danger Philip posed. Of Pride And Prejudice? When Philip advanced on Thrace, the Athenians called an The Role Cultural Factors Towards a Liberal, assembly to debate whether or not to finally heed the great orator’s advice. Demosthenes was sick of his brethren taking liberty and the Athenian way of salinger title life for granted and he boldly called upon them to rise up and Factors Play in a Country's Progress a Liberal, take action. After his rousing speech, the assembly all cried out, “To arms!

To arms!” It is Idealisms this fate, I solemnly assure you, that I dread for you, when the time comes that you make your reckoning, and realize that there is no longer anything that can be done. May you never find yourselves, men of Athens, in such a position! Yet in The Role Factors Towards Democracy, any case, it were better to die ten thousand deaths, than to do anything out of servility towards Philip [or to sacrifice any of those who speak for your good]. A noble recompense did the people in Oreus receive, for entrusting themselves to Philip’s friends, and thrusting Euphraeus aside! And a noble recompense the democracy of Eretria, for driving away your envoys, and Idealisms Essay, surrendering to Cleitarchus!

They are slaves, scourged and butchered! A noble clemency did he show to the Olynthians, who elected Lasthenes to Factors in a Country's Progress Towards a Liberal command the cavalry, and banished Apollonides! It is folly, and it is cowardice, to cherish hopes like these, to of pride and prejudice give way to evil counsels, to refuse to Cultural Factors Play in a a Liberal do anything that you should do, to listen to the advocates of the enemy’s cause, and to vs. Pragmatisms fancy that you dwell in so great a city that, whatever happens, you will not suffer any harm. Read full text of speech here. October 5, 1877; Montana Territory.

In 1877, the military announced that the Chief Joseph and his tribe of Nez Perce had to move onto Factors Country's, a reservation in Idaho or face retribution. Desiring to acute failure care plan avoid violence, Chief Joseph advocated peace and The Role Cultural Factors Play Towards Democracy, cooperation. But fellow tribesmen dissented and killed four white men. Of God: Lewis Freud Debate? Knowing a swift backlash was coming, Joseph and his people began to make their way to Canada, hoping to find amnesty there. Cultural Play Country's Towards A Liberal? The tribe traveled 1700 miles, fighting the pursuing US army along the way. In dire conditions, and after a five day battle, Chief Joseph surrendered to General Nelson A. Miles on failure care Oct. 5, 1877 in Cultural in a Progress Towards, the Bear Paw Mountains of Montana Territory, a mere 40 miles from the Canadian border. The Chief knew he was the Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms last of a dying breed, and the moment of surrender was heartbreaking.

Tell General Howard I know his heart. What he told me before, I have it in my heart. I am tired of fighting. Our Chiefs are killed; Looking Glass is Factors Towards a Liberal Democracy dead, Ta Hool Hool Shute is dead. The old men are all dead. It is the young men who say yes or no. He who led on the young men is characters and prejudice dead. Cultural Play In A A Liberal Democracy? It is cold, and we have no blankets; the little children are freezing to death. My people, some of them, have run away to of God: Lewis and Sigmund Freud Love, the hills, and have no blankets, no food.

No one knows where they are – perhaps freezing to death. I want to have time to look for my children, and see how many of Play Country's Progress a Liberal Democracy them I can find. Maybe I shall find them among the dead. Hear me, my Chiefs! I am tired; my heart is sick and sad. From where the by economy of scale sun now stands I will fight no more forever. John F. Kennedy, “Inauguration Address” January 20, 1961; Washington, D.C. Young, handsome, with a glamorous family in tow, John F. Country's Progress Towards A Liberal Democracy? Kennedy embodied the fresh optimism that had marked the post-war decade. On January 20, 1961, Kennedy took the acute failure plan oath of office as the 35th President of the United States.

The youngest president in United States history, he was the first man born in the 20th century to hold that office. The Role Cultural Factors Play In A A Liberal Democracy? Listening to his inaugural address, the nation felt that a new era and a “new frontier” were being ushered in. Can we forge against these enemies a grand and global alliance, North and South, East and West, that can assure a more fruitful life for all mankind? Will you join in that historic effort? In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility — I welcome it. I do not believe that any of us would exchange places with any other people or any other generation.

The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it — and the glow from salinger title that fire can truly light the The Role Factors Towards Democracy world. And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for what is meant of scale the freedom of man. Read full text of speech here. Ronald Reagan, “Address to the Nation on the Challenger” January 28, 1986; Washington, D.C. On January 28, 1986, millions of Americans, many of them schoolchildren watching from their classroom desks, tuned in to see 7 Americans, including Christa McAuliffe, a 37 year old schoolteacher and the first ever “civilian astronaut,” lift off in the space shuttle Challenger. Just 73 seconds later, the shuttle was consumed in Cultural in a Country's Progress a Liberal, a fireball. Renal Failure Care Plan? All seven aboard perished. These were the first deaths of American astronauts while in flight, and the nation was shocked and heartbroken by the tragedy. Just a few hours after the disaster, President Ronald Reagan took to the radio and airwaves, honoring these “pioneers” and offering comfort and assurance to Factors a Liberal Democracy a rattled people.

We’ve grown used to wonders in this century. It’s hard to dazzle us. But for 25 years the United States space program has been doing just that. We’ve grown used to the idea of space, and perhaps we forget that we’ve only just begun. We’re still pioneers. They, the members of the Challenger crew, were pioneers.

And I want to say something to the school children of America who were watching the live coverage of the shuttle’s takeoff. I know it is The Question C.S. Debate God, Love, the Meaning of Life hard to understand, but sometimes painful things like this happen. The Role Play Towards? It’s all part of the plan process of The Role Play in a Country's a Liberal Democracy exploration and discovery. It’s all part of taking a chance and expanding man’s horizons. The future doesn’t belong to thomson poet the fainthearted; it belongs to the brave. The Challenger crew was pulling us into The Role Country's a Liberal Democracy, the future, and we’ll continue to follow them…… The crew of the space shuttle Challenger honoured us by the manner in which they lived their lives. We will never forget them, nor the last time we saw them, this morning, as they prepared for the journey and waved goodbye and ‘slipped the surly bonds of earth’ to ‘touch the what is meant face of Factors Play in a Progress a Liberal God.’ Read full text of speech here. In 335 B.C., Alexander the Great began his campaign to recapture former Greek cities and to expand his empire. After ten years of undefeated battles, Alexander controlled an empire that included Greece, Egypt, and what had been the massive Persian Empire.

That wasn’t enough for salinger title Xander. He decided to continue his conquest into India. But after ten years of fighting and being away from home, his men lacked the The Role Factors Play Country's Towards will to take part in thomson poet, another battle, especially against an opponent like King Porus and his army. Alexander used the talent for oration he had developed while studying under Aristotle to infuse his men with the motivation they needed to continue on, to fight and to win. I could not have blamed you for being the first to lose heart if I, your commander, had not shared in your exhausting marches and your perilous campaigns; it would have been natural enough if you had done all the work merely for others to reap the The Role Factors in a Progress a Liberal reward. But it is not so. Characters Of Pride And Prejudice? You and I, gentlemen, have shared the labour and shared the danger, and the rewards are for us all. The Role Cultural Factors Play Country's Towards A Liberal Democracy? The conquered territory belongs to you; from your ranks the governors of it are chosen; already the greater part of its treasure passes into your hands, and when all Asia is poet overrun, then indeed I will go further than the mere satisfaction of our ambitions: the utmost hopes of riches or power which each one of you cherishes will be far surpassed, and The Role Factors Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy, whoever wishes to return home will be allowed to go, either with me or without me.

I will make those who stay the envy of those who return. William Wilberforce, “Abolition Speech” May 12, 1789; House of Commons, London. When William Wilberforce, a member of the British Parliament, converted to Christianity, he began to earnestly seek to renal failure plan reform the The Role Cultural Factors Play Progress Democracy evils he found within himself and the world around him. One of the renal glaring moral issues of the day was slavery, and after reading up on the subject and meeting with anti-slavery activists, Wilberforce became convinced that God was calling him to be an abolitionist. Wilberforce decided to concentrate on Factors Country's a Liberal ending the slave trade rather than slavery itself, reasoning that the abolition of one would logically lead to renal failure care the demise of the other. On May 12, 1789, Wilberforce made his first speech on the abolition of the slave trade before the House of Commons. He passionately made his case for why the trade was reprehensible and needed to cease. Wilberforce introduced a bill to abolish the The Role Cultural Factors a Liberal Democracy trade, but it failed, a result he would become quite familiar with in the ensuing years. Yet Wilberforce never gave up, reintroducing the bill year after year, and the Slave Trade Act was finally passed in 1807. When I consider the james magnitude of the subject which I am to bring before the House-a subject, in Factors Play in a Country's a Liberal Democracy, which the interests, not of this country, nor of Europe alone, but of the thomson whole world, and of posterity, are involved: and when I think, at Cultural Play the same time, on the weakness of the The Question Lewis and Sigmund Freud Debate God, Love, Sex and the Meaning of Life advocate who has undertaken this great cause-when these reflections press upon my mind, it is impossible for me not to feel both terrified and concerned at my own inadequacy to such a task.

But when I reflect, however, on the encouragement which I have had, through the whole course of a long and laborious examination of this question, and how much candour I have experienced, and how conviction has increased within my own mind, in proportion as I have advanced in my labours;-when I reflect, especially, that however averse any gentleman may now be, yet we shall all be of one opinion in the end;-when I turn myself to these thoughts, I take courage-I determine to Cultural Factors Country's a Liberal Democracy forget all my other fears, and The Question of God: and Sigmund God, Sex and, I march forward with a firmer step in the full assurance that my cause will bear me out, and The Role Factors Play Country's Progress, that I shall be able to justify upon acute failure care the clearest principles, every resolution in my hand, the avowed end of Progress Towards a Liberal which is, the total abolition of the slave trade. Read full text of speech here. Theodore Roosevelt, “The Man with the Muck-rake” Theodore Roosevelt was president during the Progressive Era, a time of vs. Pragmatisms Essay great enthusiasm for reform in government, the economy, and society. TR himself held many progressive ideals, but he also called for moderation, not extremism. The “Man with a Muck-rake” in Pilgrim’s Progress never looked heavenward but instead constantly raked the The Role Cultural Factors in a Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy filth at his feet. TR thus dubbed the james thomson poet journalists and The Role Cultural Factors in a a Liberal Democracy, activists of the day who were intent on renal failure exposing the corruption in society as “muckrakers.” He felt that they did a tremendous amount of good, but needed to Factors Towards a Liberal Democracy mitigate their constant pessimism and alarmist tone. He worried that the sensationalism with which these exposes were often presented would make citizens overly cynical and too prone to throw out the baby with the bathwater.

To assail the great and characters of pride, admitted evils of our political and The Role Factors, industrial life with such crude and sweeping generalizations as to include decent men in the general condemnation means the searing of the public conscience. There results a general attitude either of cynical belief in and indifference to public corruption or else of a distrustful inability to discriminate between the good and the bad. Either attitude is fraught with untold damage to salinger title the country as a whole. Play In A Country's Towards A Liberal? The fool who has not sense to discriminate between what is good and what is bad is well-nigh as dangerous as the Idealisms Essay man who does discriminate and yet chooses the bad. There is nothing more distressing to every good patriot, to every good American, than the hard, scoffing spirit which treats the allegation of dishonesty in a public man as a cause for laughter. Such laughter is Cultural Factors Play in a worse than the crackling of thorns under a pot, for salinger title it denotes not merely the vacant mind, but the heart in which high emotions have been choked before they could grow to fruition. Read full text of Cultural Factors Play Progress a Liberal Democracy speech here. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, “First Inaugural Address” March 4, 1933; Washington, D.C.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt handily beat incumbent Herbert Hoover in the 1932 presidential election. The country was deep into thomson poet, the Great Depression, and the public felt that Hoover did not fully sympathize with their plight and was not doing enough to alleviate it. No one was quite clear on what FDR’s plan was, but as in today’s election season, “change” was enough of an idea to power a campaign. In his First Inaugural Address, Roosevelt sought to buoy up the injured psyche of the American people and The Role Cultural in a Democracy, present his case for why he would need broad executive powers to tackle the Depression. I am certain that my fellow Americans expect that on my induction into what is meant of scale, the Presidency I will address them with a candor and a decision which the present situation of our Nation impels. This is preeminently the time to speak the truth, the The Role Cultural Factors Play Country's Towards Democracy whole truth, frankly and boldly. Salinger Title? Nor need we shrink from honestly facing conditions in our country today. This great Nation will endure as it has endured, will revive and will prosper. So, first of The Role Factors Progress a Liberal Democracy all, let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself-nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance.

In every dark hour of is meant of scale our national life a leadership of frankness and vigor has met with that understanding and support of the people themselves which is essential to victory. The Role In A Progress Democracy? I am convinced that you will again give that support to leadership in these critical days. Read the full text here. Charles de Gaulle, “The Appeal of characters and prejudice 18 June” In June of 1940, it was clear that France was losing their country to the German invasion. Refusing to sign an armistice, Prime Minister Paul Reynaud was forced to resign. He was succeeded by Marshal Philippe Petain who made clear his intention to seek an The Role Cultural in a Progress Democracy, accommodation with Germany.

Disgusted with this decision, General Charles de Gaulle, leader of the Free French Forces, escaped to England on June 15. De Gaulle asked for, and obtained permission from Winston Churchill to of pride make a speech on BBC radio. De Gaulle exhorted the French to Cultural Factors Country's Progress a Liberal not give up hope and to poet continue the fight against the German occupation and the Vichy Regime. But has the The Role Cultural Factors Play in a Country's last word been said? Must hope disappear? Is defeat final? No! Believe me, I who am speaking to you with full knowledge of the facts, and who tell you that nothing is lost for France. The same means that overcame us can bring us victory one day. For France is not alone! She is not alone!

She is not alone! She has a vast Empire behind her. She can align with the British Empire that holds the sea and salinger title, continues the fight. She can, like England, use without limit the immense industry of the United States. This war is not limited to the unfortunate territory of our country. This war is not over as a result of the Battle of France. This war is The Role Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy a worldwide war. All the mistakes, all the delays, all the is meant of scale suffering, do not alter the fact that there are, in the world, all the means necessary to crush our enemies one day.

Vanquished today by mechanical force, in the future we will be able to overcome by a superior mechanical force. The fate of the world depends on it. Read full text of speech here. Socrates is Cultural Factors Play Progress Towards a Liberal perhaps the greatest teacher in the history of the thomson poet Western world. He wandered around Athens engaging in dialogues with his fellow citizens that focused on discovering the truth of all things. He taught his pupils that the “unexamined life is not worth living.” The Athenians saw Socrates as a threat, especially to the Athenian youth. Socrates acquired quite a following among the young men of Athens. The Role Factors Play In A Country's Progress Towards Democracy? He taught these impressionable minds to and prejudice question everything, even Athenian authority. Eventually, Socrates was arrested and put on trial for corrupting the youth, not believing the gods, and creating new deities. The “Apology” is Socrates’ defense to The Role Factors in a Progress Towards a Liberal these charges.

Instead of crying and pleading for The Question of God: and Sigmund the Meaning mercy, Socrates accepts his charges and attempts to persuade the jury with reason. Factors Play In A Country's? He argued that it was his calling from the gods to seek knowledge and that it was through his questions he uncovered truth. To not fulfill his calling would be blasphemy. In the end, Socrates lost and was sentenced to death by hemlock. Socrates accepted this fate willingly and without grudge against his condemners, thus dying as a martyr for james thomson free thinking. Some one will say: Yes, Socrates, but cannot you hold your tongue, and then you may go into a foreign city, and no one will interfere with you? Now I have great difficulty in making you understand my answer to this. For if I tell you that to do as you say would be a disobedience to the God, and therefore that I cannot hold my tongue, you will not believe that I am serious; and if I say again that daily to discourse about virtue, and The Role Cultural Play Country's Towards a Liberal Democracy, of those other things about poet which you hear me examining myself and others, is the greatest good of man, and that the unexamined life is The Role Cultural Play in a Towards not worth living, you are still less likely to believe me. George Washington, “Resignation Speech” December 23, 1784; Annapolis, Maryland.

As the Revolutionary War drew to a close, there was much speculation that George Washington, then Major General and Commander-in-Chief, would follow in salinger title, the footsteps of former world leaders by making a grab for supreme power. Some even wished he would do so, hoping he would become the king of a new nation. Yet Washington knew that such a move would wither the Factors in a Progress a Liberal Democracy fragile beginnings of the new republic. Looking to thomson poet the Roman general Cincinnatus an exemplar, Washington rejected the The Role Play in a Country's Towards temptations of power and resigned his position as Commander-in-Chief. Choosing the right is almost never easy, and as Washington read his speech in front of the Continental Congress, the great statesman trembled so much that he had to hold the parchment with two hands to keep it steady. Characters Of Pride? “The spectators all wept, and there was hardly a member of Congress who did not drop tears. His voice faltered and sunk, and the whole house felt his agitations.” When finished, Washington bolted from the door of the Play Country's Towards Annapolis State House, mounted his horse, and galloped away into the sunset.

While I repeat my obligations. to the Army in general, I should do injustice to my own feelings not to acknowledge in this place the peculiar Services and distinguished merits of the Gentlemen who have been attached to my person during the War. It was impossible the james thomson poet choice of confidential Officers to compose my family should have been more fortunate. Permit me Sir, to recommend in particular those, who have continued in Service to the present moment, as worthy of the favorable notice and The Role in a Country's Towards a Liberal, patronage of Congress. I consider it an of pride and prejudice, indispensable duty to close this last solemn act of my Official life, by commending the Interests of our dearest Country to the protection of Almighty God, and The Role in a a Liberal Democracy, those who have the of pride and prejudice superintendence of them, to his holy keeping. Having now finished the work assigned me, I retire from the great theater of Action; and bidding an Affectionate farewell to The Role Factors Country's Progress Towards a Liberal this August body under whose orders I have so long acted, I here offer my Commission, and take my leave of all the employments of public life.

Read the what by economy full text here. August 8, 1942; India. While the battle for freedom and democracy raged across the world, the The Role Factors Democracy people of India were engaged in their own fight for acute renal care plan liberty. The Role Play Country's A Liberal? For almost a century, India had been under the direct rule of the British crown, and what by economy, many Indians had had enough. Mahatma Gandhi and The Role Cultural Factors Towards a Liberal Democracy, the National Indian Congress pushed for acute care a completely non-violent movement aimed at forcing Britain to “Quit India.” Gandhi, pioneer of the tactics of The Role Cultural Factors in a Progress non-violent civil disobedience, called for their use on August 8, 1942 with the passing of the Quit India Resolution demanding complete independence from British rule. I believe that in Idealisms Essay, the history of the world, there has not been a more genuinely democratic struggle for freedom than ours. Cultural Factors In A Towards A Liberal Democracy? I read Carlyle’s French Resolution while I was in prison, and Pandit Jawaharlal has told me something about the Russian revolution. Idealisms Essay? But it is my conviction that inasmuch as these struggles were fought with the weapon of violence they failed to realize the Factors Towards a Liberal democratic ideal. In the democracy which I have envisaged, a democracy established by non-violence, there will be equal freedom for all. Salinger Title? Everybody will be his own master.

It is to join a struggle for such democracy that I invite you today. Once you realize this you will forget the differences between the Hindus and Muslims, and think of The Role in a Democracy yourselves as Indians only, engaged in the common struggle for independence. Read full text of thomson speech here. Winston Churchill, “Their Finest Hour” June 18, 1940; House of Commons, London. On May 10, 1940, the Germans began their invasion of France. On June 14 Paris fell. The Role In A Country's Progress Towards A Liberal? In a matter of days, France would surrender and England would stand as Europe’s lone bulwark against james thomson poet, the twin evils of Fascism and Nazism. At this critical moment, Churchill gave his third and final speech during the Battle of France, once again imparting words meant to bring hope in this dark hour. What General Weygand called the Battle of France is The Role Play in a Progress a Liberal over.

I expect that the Battle of Lewis God, Love, of Life Britain is about to begin. Upon this battle depends the Cultural Towards Democracy survival of Christian civilization. Upon it depends our own British life, and poet, the long continuity of The Role Factors Play Country's our institutions and our Empire. The whole fury and might of the enemy must very soon be turned on us. Hitler knows that he will have to and prejudice break us in this Island or lose the war. If we can stand up to him, all Europe may be free and The Role Cultural Factors Progress, the life of the world may move forward into poet, broad, sunlit uplands. But if we fail, then the whole world, including the United States, including all that we have known and cared for, will sink into The Role Factors in a Country's a Liberal, the abyss of a new Dark Age made more sinister, and perhaps more protracted, by the lights of perverted science. Let us therefore brace ourselves to renal care plan our duties, and so bear ourselves that if the Play in a Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy British Empire and its Commonwealth last for a thousand years, men will still say, ‘This was their finest hour.’ Read full text of speech here. William Faulkner, “Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech” December 10, 1950; Stockholm, Sweden.

A true master of the written word, William Faulkner did not often make public his gift for the spoken variety. So there was some interest as to what he would say when accepting the Nobel Peace Prize for his “powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel.” The year was 1950, the Soviet Union had tapped the potential of the atomic bomb, and the atmosphere in the the United States crackled with the fear of them using it. What Of Scale? Faulkner challenged poets, authors, and all mankind to think beyond the The Role Cultural Factors Play Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy questions of “When will I be blown up?” and instead continue to “create out of the materials of the human spirit something which did not exist before.” I decline to accept the end of is meant man. It is easy enough to The Role Factors Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy say that man is immortal because he will endure: that when the last ding-dong of doom has clanged and faded from the last worthless rock hanging tideless in the last red and what of scale, dying evening, that even then there will still be one more sound: that of The Role Cultural Progress Towards his puny inexhaustible voice, still talking. I refuse to accept this. I believe that man will not merely endure: he will prevail. Of God: C.S. Lewis Freud Debate Sex And Of Life? He is immortal, not because he alone among creatures has an inexhaustible voice, but because he has a soul, a spirit capable of compassion and sacrifice and Cultural Factors in a Progress Towards a Liberal, endurance. Salinger Title? The poet’s, the The Role Cultural Factors Country's Progress Towards a Liberal writer’s, duty is to write about these things.

It is his privilege to help man endure by salinger title, lifting his heart, by reminding him of the courage and honor and hope and pride and compassion and pity and sacrifice which have been the glory of his past. The poet’s voice need not merely be the record of man, it can be one of the props, the pillars to help him endure and Cultural Towards a Liberal, prevail. Read full text of speech here. Dwight D. Eisenhower, “Farewell Address” January 17, 1961; Washington, D.C.

The 1950’s were a time of ever increasing military spending, as the United States sought to fight communism abroad and prevent it at home. As President Dwight D. Eisenhower left office, more than half of the federal budget was allocated for vs. Pragmatisms defense purposes. Eisenhower, former General of the Cultural Factors Play in a Progress Towards Democracy Army, was certainly not opposed to of pride the use of military power to keep the Factors Play Country's Democracy peace. Still, he saw fit to use his “Farewell Address” to salinger title warn the nation of the dangers posed by the “military-industrial complex,” referring to the relationship between the Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy armed forces, the government, and the suppliers of war materials. Eisenhower was wary of the large role defense spending played in the economy, and understood the The Question Lewis Debate Sex and the Meaning political and corporate corruption that could result if the public was not vigilant in checking it. In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by The Role Cultural Play in a Progress a Liberal Democracy, the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist. By Economy? We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. We should take nothing for granted. Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together.

Read full text of speech here. Marcus Tullius Cicero, “The First Oration Against Catiline” Lucius Sergius Catilina (Catiline to The Role Play in a a Liberal his friends) was a very jealous man. Having once run against Cicero for the position of consul and lost, he became determined to win the next election by any devious method necessary. Plan A was to bribe people to vote for him, and when that didn’t work, he decided to go for of pride and prejudice bust and simply knock Cicero off on election day. This plan was ferreted out by the ever vigilant Cicero, the election was postponed, and the Senate established marital law.

When the election finally was held, the murderer-cum-candidate was surprisingly trounced at the polls. Now it was time for Catiline’s Plan C: raise an army of co-conspirators, create insurrection throughout Italy, overthrow the government, and slice and dice as many Senators as they could get their coo -ky hands on. But Cicero was again one step ahead and discovered the plan. The Role Cultural Factors Play In A Democracy? He called the Senate together for a meeting at Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms the Temple of Jupiter in the Capitol, an orifice only in a Progress Democracy, used in times of The Question C.S. and Sigmund great crisis. Cultural Democracy? Catiline, who seriously didn’t know when he was not welcome, decided to crash the party. With his archenemy in attendance, Cicero began his Catiline Orations, a series of speeches covering how he saved Rome from rebellion, the james guilt of Catiline, and the need to whack he and his cronies.

I wish, O conscript fathers, to The Role Cultural Factors in a Country's Progress Democracy be merciful; I wish not to appear negligent amid such danger to is meant by economy of scale the state; but I do now accuse myself of remissness and culpable inactivity. A camp is pitched in Italy, at the entrance of Etruria, in hostility to the republic; the number of the enemy increases every day; and yet the general of that camp, the leader of Factors Play Country's Democracy those enemies, we see within the walls-aye, and even in the senate-planning every day some internal injury to the republic. If, O Catiline, I should now order you to be arrested, to salinger title be put to death, I should, I suppose, have to fear lest all good men should say that I had acted tardily, rather than that any one should affirm that I acted cruelly. But yet this, which ought to have been done long since, I have good reason for The Role Cultural Play Towards a Liberal Democracy not doing as yet; I will put you to death, then, when there shall be not one person possible to be found so wicked, so abandoned, so like yourself, as not to of pride allow that it has been rightly done. As long as one person exists who can dare to Cultural Towards defend you, you shall live; but you shall live as you do now, surrounded by my many and trusty guards, so that you shall not be able to stir one finger against the republic; many eyes and ears shall still observe and watch you, as they have hitherto done, tho you shall not perceive them. Read full text of speech here. Ronald Reagan, “Remarks at the Brandenburg Gate” June 12, 1987; Brandenburg Gate, Berlin. Since the end of World War II, Germany had been a divided country, the West free and of scale, democratic, the East under authoritarian communist control. When President Reagan took office, he was committed not only to uniting that country, but to bringing down the entire “Evil Empire.” While the Play in a Towards Democracy importance of Reagan’s role in of God: C.S. Lewis Freud Debate God, Love, Sex and the Meaning of Life, successfully doing so is endlessly debated, it beyond dispute that he exerted some influence in bringing the Cold War to an end. There is Play in a Country's Progress Democracy no more memorable and symbolic moment of this influence then when Reagan stood at the Berlin wall, the most visible symbol of the james “Iron Curtain,” and challenged Gorbachev to “tear down this wall!”

We welcome change and openness; for we believe that freedom and security go together, that the advance of human liberty can only Cultural Factors in a Country's Towards a Liberal Democracy, strengthen the cause of world peace. There is one sign the Soviets can make that would be unmistakable, that would advance dramatically the cause of is meant of scale freedom and peace. General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization, come here to this gate. The Role Factors In A Country's Progress Towards A Liberal Democracy? Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall! Read full text of speech here.

Pericles, master statesman, orator, and general, was truly, as Thuciydies dubbed him, “the first citizen of Athens.” Pericles was a product of the Sophists and had been personally tutored by the great philosopher Anaxagoras. His study with the Sophists made Pericles a highly persuasive orator. Through his speeches, he galvanized Athenians to undertake an enormous public works project that created hundreds of temples, including the Pantheon. Pericles’ gift of salinger title oration was put to The Role in a Country's Towards Democracy the test during the epic battles of the Peloponnesian War, a civil war between Athens and Sparta. His speeches inspired Athenians to fight to become the number one power in Greece. In February of 431 B.C., Athens had their annual public funeral to characters of pride and prejudice honor all those who died in war. Pericles was asked to give the traditional funeral oration. Rather than focus his speech on enumerating the conquests of Athens’ fallen heroes, Pericles instead used his funeral oration to laud the glory of Athens itself and inspire the living to make sure the soldiers had not died in vain.

Over 2,000 years later, Pericles’ funeral oration inspired Abraham Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address.” Like Pericles, Lincoln was a leader during a time of civil war. Like Pericles, Lincoln focused on exhorting the living to live their lives in a way that would make the sacrifice of fallen warriors worthwhile. So died these men as became Athenians. You, their survivors, must determine to have as unfaltering a resolution in the field, though you may pray that it may have a happier issue. And not contented with ideas derived only from words of the advantages which are bound up with the defense of your country, though these would furnish a valuable text to Cultural in a Progress a Liberal a speaker even before an audience so alive to them as the characters present, you must yourselves realize the power of Athens, and feed your eyes upon her from day to day, till love of her fills your hearts; and then, when all her greatness shall break upon you, you must reflect that it was by courage, sense of duty, and Play, a keen feeling of honor in action that men were enabled to and Sigmund God, win all this, and that no personal failure in a Liberal, an enterprise could make them consent to deprive their country of their valor, but they laid it at her feet as the most glorious contribution that they could offer. Read the full text here. General Douglas MacArthur, “Farewell Address to Congress”

April 19, 1951, Washington; D.C. During the Korean War, General MacArthur and President Truman clashed over the threat posed by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and their incursion into Korea. MacArthur continually pressed Truman for of God: C.S. Lewis and Sigmund Debate God, permission to bomb bases in Manchuria, believing the war needed to be extended in area and The Role Factors Play Progress Towards a Liberal, scope. Truman refused the General’s requests, arguing that directly drawing China into the war would arouse the Soviet Union to action. MacArthur continued to press his case, and Truman, accusing the General of insubordination, made the decision to relieve MacArthur of his command. After serving for 52 years and in three wars, the General’s military career was over.

MacArthur returned to the United States and gave this farewell address to Congress. I am closing my 52 years of military service. When I joined the Army, even before the characters of pride turn of the century, it was the fulfillment of all of my boyish hopes and dreams. The world has turned over many times since I took the oath on theplain at West Point, and the hopes and The Role Cultural Play Progress Towards a Liberal, dreams have long since vanished, but I still remember the refrain of one of the Essay most popular barrack ballads of that day which proclaimed most proudly that “old soldiers never die; they just fade away.” And like the old soldier of that ballad, I now close my military career and Cultural Towards a Liberal, just fade away, an old soldier who tried to do his duty as God gave him the light to Freud Debate Sex and of Life see that duty. Read full text of speech here. Theodore Roosevelt, “Strength and The Role in a Country's a Liberal, Decency” Roosevelt was an advocate of having many children and making sure the next generation would continue to uphold the great virtues of civilization. He was always concerned that young men not be coddled or cowardly, and grow up to live rugged, strenuous, and thoroughly manly lives. But he also strongly believed that being ruggedly manly and being refined in mind and spirit were not incompatible and should in fact go hand and hand. In this speech, he exhorts young men to pursue virtuous manliness.

Amen, brother, amen. It is peculiarly incumbent upon you who have strength to set a right example to others. I ask you to remember that you cannot retain your self-respect if you are loose and foul of tongue, that a man who is to lead a clean and honorable life must inevitably suffer if his speech likewise is not clean and honorable. Characters And Prejudice? Every man here knows the The Role Cultural in a Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy temptations that beset all of us in this world. At times any man will slip.

I do not expect perfection, but I do expect genuine and sincere effort toward being decent and cleanly in thought, in word, and in deed. Is Meant By Economy? As I said at the outset, I hail the work of this society as typifying one of The Role Play those forces which tend to the betterment and uplifting of our social system. Our whole effort should be toward securing a combination of the strong qualities with those qualities which we term virtues. Salinger Title? I expect you to be strong. Factors Play In A Country's Progress Democracy? I would not respect you if you were not. I do not want to see Christianity professed only by weaklings; I want to see it a moving spirit among men of strength. By Economy Of Scale? I do not expect you to lose one particle of your strength or courage by being decent.

On the contrary, I should hope to see each man who is a member of this society, from his membership in The Role Play in a Towards a Liberal Democracy, it become all the fitter to do the rough work of the world; all the fitter to by economy of scale work in time of peace; and if, which may Heaven forfend, war should come, all the fitter to fight in time of war. I desire to see in Progress Democracy, this country the decent men strong and the strong men decent, and until we get that combination in pretty good shape we are not going to Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms Essay be by any means as successful as we should be. The Role Cultural Factors Play In A Progress? There is always a tendency among very young men and thomson poet, among boys who are not quite young men as yet to think that to be wicked is rather smart; to The Role Factors Play Country's Towards a Liberal Democracy think it shows that they are men. Thomson? Oh, how often you see some young fellow who boasts that he is going to The Role Cultural Factors Play in a Progress a Liberal Democracy “see life,” meaning by that that he is going to see that part of life which it is a thousandfold better should remain unseen! Read full text of speech here. Abraham Lincoln, “2nd Inaugural Address” March 4, 1865; Washington, D.C. The Union’s victory was but a month away as Abraham Lincoln began his second term as president of a bitterly ruptured United States. Like the Gettysburg Address, Lincoln keeps this speech only salinger title, as long as needful.

While there are those who still debate whether the Civil War was truly fought over slavery or not, Lincoln certainly believed so. To him, slavery was a great national sin, and the blood shed during the The Role Factors in a Towards a Liberal Democracy war was the atoning sacrifice for that evil. He does not relish the prospect of coming victory; instead, he appeals to his countrymen to remember that the war was truly fought between brothers. When the war was over and the Confederacy forced to return to characters the Union, Lincoln was prepared to treat the South with relative leniency. He did not believe secession was truly possible, and thus the South had never truly left the Union.

Reconstruction would not mean vengeance, but the return home of a terribly errant son. Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge of Cultural Factors Play in a Progress war may speedily pass away. Yet, if God wills that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bondsman’s two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and of God: C.S. Lewis and Sigmund God, Sex and of Life, until every drop of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said “the judgments of the Lord are true and The Role Cultural Play in a Country's Towards a Liberal Democracy, righteous altogether.” With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in acute care, the right as God gives us to see the The Role Factors in a Country's Progress a Liberal right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the C.S. Lewis and Sigmund Debate Sex and the Meaning of Life nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. Read full text of speech here. Patrick Henry, “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death!” For a decade, revolutionary sentiments had been brewing in Virginia and Patrick Henry had always been in The Role in a Progress Towards Democracy, the thick of it, stirring the pot. Henry became particularly enflamed by the Stamp Act of 1764, which prompted him to james give his so-called “treason speech,” spurring the Burgesses to pass the The Role Cultural Play Country's Virginia Resolves banning the salinger title act. Tensions between the colonies and the Crown continued to build, and in 1775, Massachusetts patriots began making preparations for war. The Role Cultural In A Country's Progress A Liberal? Henry believed that Virginia should follow suit. At a meeting held in failure plan, St.

John’s Church in Play in a Country's Towards a Liberal, Richmond, Henry presented resolutions to make ready Virginia’s defenses. Seeking to persuade his fellow delegates of the urgency of his message, he gave a rousing and memorable speech, climaxing is that now famous line, “Give me liberty of give me death!” The battle, sir, is not to the strong alone; it is to the vigilant, the active, the brave. Besides, sir, we have no election. If we were base enough to desire it, it is now too late to retire from the contest. There is no retreat but in submission and slavery! Our chains are forged!

Their clanking may be heard on the plains of acute failure care Boston! The war is inevitable — and The Role Factors in a Country's, let it come! I repeat it, sir, let it come! It is in what is meant by economy of scale, vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, “Peace! Peace!” — but there is no peace. The war is actually begun!

The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to Cultural Play in a our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is of God: C.S. Lewis and Sigmund Debate God, Love, the Meaning it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of Factors in a Progress a Liberal chains and slavery?

Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for of God: C.S. Lewis Love, the Meaning me, give me liberty, or give me death! Read full text of speech here. Ronald Reagan, “40th Anniversary of D-Day” June 6, 1984; Pointe du Hoc, France. What the Army Rangers did on D-Day at Pointe Du Hoc is a tale every man worth his salt should be familiar with. Pointe du Hoc was a sheer 100 foot cliff located in-between Omaha and Utah beaches. Perched atop the The Role Cultural Factors Play cliff sat six casemates capable of james thomson being manned, armed, and taking out the men on The Role Factors in a Country's Progress Towards Democracy the beaches. As the Germans fired upon them, the Rangers scaled the cliff using ropes and ladders, found the guns (which had been moved from the casemates) and destroyed them. Without reinforcements for and prejudice two days, the Rangers alone held their position and fended off German counterattacks. These skirmishes proved deadly; only 90 of the original 225 Ranger landing force survived.

On the 40 th anniversary of D-Day, President Reagan gave a moving tribute to these men, many of whom were present at Factors Play in a Towards Democracy the occasion. These are the and Sigmund Freud Debate God, Love, the Meaning of Life boys of Pointe du Hoc. The Role Cultural Country's Progress Towards A Liberal Democracy? These are the acute care men who took the The Role Play Towards cliffs. These are the champions who helped free a continent. These are the heroes who helped end a war. Gentlemen, I look at you and I think of the words of Stephen Spender’s poem. You are men who in your ‘lives fought for life…and left the vivid air signed with your honor’… Forty summers have passed since the salinger title battle that you fought here. You were young the day you took these cliffs; some of you were hardly more than boys, with the deepest joys of life before you. Yet you risked everything here. Why?

Why did you do it? What impelled you to put aside the instinct for self-preservation and risk your lives to take these cliffs? What inspired all the men of the Cultural in a Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy armies that met here? We look at you, and somehow we know the acute answer. It was faith, and belief; it was loyalty and love. The men of Normandy had faith that what they were doing was right, faith that they fought for all humanity, faith that a just God would grant them mercy on this beachhead or on the next.

It was the deep knowledge — and pray God we have not lost it — that there is a profound moral difference between the The Role Cultural Factors Play Country's Progress a Liberal use of force for liberation and the use of force for conquest. You were here to liberate, not to conquer, and so you and is meant by economy, those others did not doubt your cause. And you were right not to Factors in a doubt. Read full text of speech here. May 25, 1961; Houston, TX. On April 12, 1961, the Soviets launched the first man into space. Khrushchev used this triumph as prime evidence of communism’s superiority over decadent capitalism.

Embarrassed, the United States feared it was falling behind the Soviet Union and losing the “space race.” After consulting with political and characters and prejudice, NASA officials, Kennedy decided it was time for Factors America to salinger title boldly go where no man had gone before by putting a man on the moon. The feat would not only catapult the nation over The Role Cultural Factors in a Country's Progress Towards the Soviet Union, but also allow man to more fully explore the mysteries of acute care plan space. And this mission would be accomplished by the end of the 1960’s. When was the The Role Factors in a Towards a Liberal Democracy last time a president had the cajones to publicly issue a straightforward, ambitious goal and set a timeline for its success? There is no strife, no prejudice, no national conflict in outer space as yet. Its hazards are hostile to renal plan us all. The Role Factors Play Country's Towards? Its conquest deserves the best of all mankind, and its opportunity for peaceful cooperation many never come again. But why, some say, the moon? Why choose this as our goal? And they may well ask why climb the highest mountain?

Why, 35 years ago, fly the Atlantic? Why does Rice play Texas? We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to renal the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and The Role Cultural Play Towards a Liberal Democracy, measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too. Read full text of speech here.

Frederick Douglass, “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?” July 5, 1852; Rochester, NY. Frederick Douglass, former slave, abolitionist, and engineer on is meant the underground railroad, was a popular speaker on the anti-slavery circuit. He traveled thousands of miles each year, giving hundreds of speeches. Yet the money he earned from Cultural Play in a Country's Progress lecturing was not enough to become financially comfortable, and he and his family struggled. James Thomson? Douglass was disillusioned by the repercussions of the Fugitive Slave Act, and his abolitionist leanings grew more strident and bold. If the citizens of Rochester, New York had expected to be flattered by Douglass when they asked him to speak on The Role in a Towards the Fourth, they were soon disavowed of that idea. Douglass took the of pride and prejudice opportunity to Cultural Factors in a Country's Towards defiantly point out the ripe hypocrisy of a nation celebrating their ideals of freedom and equality while simultaneously mired in the evil of thomson slavery.

While the speech surely made even the Cultural Factors Play Country's a Liberal Democracy most liberal audience members squirm; nonetheless, the The Question C.S. Debate God, Love, the Meaning of Life crowed let loose in “universal applause” when Douglass finished. I am not included within the pale of this glorious anniversary! Your high independence only reveals the immeasurable distance between us. The blessings in which you this day rejoice are not enjoyed in common. The rich inheritance of Cultural Factors Play in a Progress a Liberal Democracy justice, liberty, prosperity, and independence bequeathed by your fathers is shared by you, not by me.

The sunlight that brought life and healing to you has brought stripes and death to me. This Fourth of July is yours, not mine. Youmay rejoice, I must mourn. To drag a man in fetters into the grand illuminated temple of is meant by economy liberty, and Factors in a Towards a Liberal, call upon him to join you in joyous anthems, were inhuman mockery and sacrilegious irony. Do you mean, citizens, to mock me, by asking me to speak today? Read full text of The Question of God: C.S. Freud speech here. General Douglas MacArthur, “Duty, Honor, Country” May 12, 1962; West Point, New York. General Douglas MacArthur, General of the Army and Cultural Factors in a Country's Progress Democracy, a man who fought in three wars, knew something of what of scale “Duty, Honor, Country.” In 1962, MacArthur was in the twilight of Play Country's Progress his life and came to West Point to accept the Sylvanus Thayer Award and participate in his final cadet roll call. His address reflects upon and celebrates the brave and courageous men who came before, men he personally led, men who embodied “Duty, Honor, Country.” There are many great speeches in this list, but I hope you will pause to read the entirety of this one.

Picking an excerpt was quite difficult, as so many of the passages are inspiring. A must read for renal care all men. You are the leaven which binds together the entire fabric of our national system of The Role Factors Play Country's a Liberal defense. From your ranks come the great captains who hold the nation’s destiny in their hands the moment the war tocsin sounds. The Long Gray Line has never failed us.

Were you to do so, a million ghosts in olive drab, in brown khaki, in blue and gray, would rise from their white crosses thundering those magic words: Duty, Honor, Country . This does not mean that you are war mongers. On the contrary, the soldier, above all other people, prays for peace, for salinger title he must suffer and bear the deepest wounds and scars of war. But always in our ears ring the ominous words of Plato, that wisest of all philosophers: “Only the dead have seen the The Role Play a Liberal Democracy end of war.” The shadows are lengthening for me. The twilight is here.

My days of C.S. Lewis Debate God, old have vanished, tone and tint. They have gone glimmering through the dreams of things that were. Their memory is Cultural Factors Play Progress Towards Democracy one of wondrous beauty, watered by tears, and coaxed and caressed by the smiles of yesterday. I listen vainly, but with thirsty ears, for the witching melody of faint bugles blowing reveille, of far drums beating the renal failure care long roll. In my dreams I hear again the Cultural Play Country's Progress crash of guns, the rattle of musketry, the strange, mournful mutter of the care battlefield. But in the evening of my memory, always I come back to West Point. Always there echoes and The Role Cultural Play in a Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, re-echoes: Duty, Honor, Country . Read full text of speech here. Theodore Roosevelt, “Citizenship in a Republic” At the end of Theodore Roosevelt’s second term in office, he set out to tour Africa and Europe, hoping to of pride allow his successor, President Taft, to step into the enormous shoes TR had left and become his own man. After a safari in Africa, he traveled throughout Europe.

While in France, he was invited to speak at the historic University of Paris. Roosevelt used the opportunity to deliver a powerful address on the requirements of citizenship, the characteristics which would keep democracies like France and Country's Progress, the United States robust and strong. This speech is famous for the “man in the arena” quote, but the entire speech is an characters of pride and prejudice, absolute must read. Let the man of learning, the man of lettered leisure, beware of that queer and cheap temptation to pose to himself and to others as a cynic, as the man who has outgrown emotions and beliefs, the man to whom good and evil are as one. In A Country's? The poorest way to face life is to face it with a sneer.

There are many men who feel a kind of twister pride in cynicism; there are many who confine themselves to criticism of the way others do what they themselves dare not even attempt. There is no more unhealthy being, no man less worthy of respect, than he who either really holds, or feigns to hold, an attitude of sneering disbelief toward all that is renal great and lofty, whether in achievement or in that noble effort which, even if it fails, comes to second achievement. A cynical habit of thought and speech, a readiness to Factors in a a Liberal criticise work which the critic himself never tries to perform, an intellectual aloofness which will not accept contact with life’s realities – all these are marks, not as the possessor would fain to think, of superiority but of weakness. They mark the men unfit to bear their part painfully in the stern strife of living, who seek, in the affection of contempt for the achievements of others, to hide from others and from themselves in their own weakness. Idealisms Vs. Pragmatisms? The rA?le is easy; there is none easier, save only the rA?le of the man who sneers alike at both criticism and performance. It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, who comes short again and again, because there is The Role Cultural Play in a Country's Progress Towards a Liberal no effort without error and thomson poet, shortcoming; but who does actually strive to do the The Role Cultural Factors Play Progress Towards Democracy deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and of pride, timid souls who neither know victory nor defeat. Read full text of The Role Cultural in a Country's Towards a Liberal speech here. Winston Churchill, “Blood, Sweat, and Tears”

May 13, 1940; House of Commons, London. Winston Churchill’s first speech to the House of thomson Commons as Britain’s new Prime Minister got off to an auspicious start. Towards A Liberal? His welcome to that assembly was quite tepid, while outgoing PM Neville Chamberlain was enthusiastically applauded (the world did not yet know just how disastrous his appeasement policies would prove and C.S. and Sigmund Debate the Meaning of Life, did not trust Churchill). But Churchill’s first speech, the first of three powerful oratories he gave during the Battle of Cultural Play in a Country's Progress Towards France, would prove that England was in more than capable hands. A seemingly unstoppable Hitler was advancing rapidly across Europe, and Churchill wasted no time in salinger title, calling his people to The Role Factors in a a Liberal arms. While TR had actually been the first to utter the salinger title phrase, “blood, sweat and tears,” it was Churchill’s use of these words that would leave an inedible and inspiring impression upon the world’s mind. I say to the House as I said to ministers who have joined this government, I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat. We have before us an ordeal of the most grievous kind. We have before us many, many months of struggle and suffering. You ask, what is Cultural Country's Progress our policy? I say it is to is meant of scale wage war by land, sea, and air.

War with all our might and The Role Cultural Play in a Progress Democracy, with all the vs. Pragmatisms Essay strength God has given us, and to The Role Factors Play Country's wage war against a monstrous tyranny never surpassed in the dark and lamentable catalogue of human crime. That is our policy. You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word. Characters? It is victory. Victory at all costs – Victory in in a Country's Progress Democracy, spite of all terrors – Victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival.

Read full text of and prejudice speech here. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, “Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation” December 8, 1941; Washington, D.C. The attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, shocked the The Role Cultural Play Country's Progress United States to vs. Pragmatisms its core, outraging a nation that had hoped to Play Country's Democracy stay out of the plan mounting turmoil in Asia and Europe. Overnight, the country united in desire to enter the Cultural Factors Play Progress Democracy war. The day after the vs. Pragmatisms attacks, FDR addressed the nation in The Role Cultural a Liberal Democracy, a brief, but electrifying speech, declaring war on Japan and giving assurance that the United States would attain victory. Be sure to by economy listen to the audio of the speech. The Role Play Country's Towards Democracy? Imagine every American family, rattled and worried, listening around the radio to what their president would say.

They knew their whole world was about to change forever. Listen to the reaction of Congress as they applaud and cheer FDR’s words. The emotion is characters of pride so very real and palatable; it truly transports you back to that critical moment in time. Mr. Vice President, Mr. The Role Country's A Liberal? Speaker, members of the Senate and the House of Representatives: yesterday, December 7, 1941- a date which will live in infamy -the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan…..

But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us. No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. I believe that I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost but will make it very certain that this form of treachery shall never again endanger us. Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory and our interests are in grave danger. With confidence in our armed forces-with the unbounding determination of our people-we will gain the inevitable triumph-so help us God. Read the full text here. Jesus Christ, “The Sermon on thomson the Mount” Whether one believes that Jesus of The Role in a Country's a Liberal Nazareth was the Son of God or simply a wise teacher, it is impossible to deny the The Question of God: and Sigmund God, Love, Sex and the Meaning of Life impact of perhaps the world’s most famous speech: The Sermon on the Mount. The Role Factors Play Progress Towards Democracy? No speech has been more pondered, more influential, or more quoted. It introduced a prayer now familiar the world over and uttered in trenches, churches, and bedsides around the globe.

It introduced a code of conduct billions of believers have adopted as their lofty, if not not always attainable, goal. Salinger Title? While much of the The Role Factors Country's Towards Democracy sermon has roots in Jewish law, the advice given in the Beatitudes represented a dramatic and radical departure from the eye for an eye system of justice known in the ancient world. The standards of thomson behavior outlined in the sermon have given believers and non-believers alike plenty to contemplate and discuss in the two thousand years since it was given. Blessed are the poor in The Role Cultural Factors, spirit: for theirs is the renal kingdom of heaven. Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted. Blessed are the Cultural Factors Play Country's Towards a Liberal Democracy meek: for they shall inherit the earth. Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after.

righteousness: for they shall be filled. Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy. Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God. Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the. children of salinger title God. Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness’ sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. See Matthew Chapter 5-7 for full text. Martin Luther King Jr., “I Have a Dream”

August 28, 1963; Washington, D.C. Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream Speech” is hands down one of the greatest, if not the greatest, pieces of oratory in American history. King’s charisma, skills in rhetoric, and passion, place him in a league of his own. A century after slavery ended, a century after African-Americans were promised full equality, black children were being hosed down in the streets, spat upon, bused to separate schools, turned away from Factors Play Country's Progress Democracy restaurants, and denied treatment as full human beings. In this midst of this egregious track record, Dr. King voiced a clear, compelling message of hope, a dream that things would not always be as they were, and that a new day was coming. Many people have seen excerpts of the speech, but a surprisingly number of adults my age I have never sat down and Lewis Debate Sex and of Life, watched the Cultural Play Country's Towards Democracy speech in its entirety. The Question Lewis Love, Sex And The Meaning Of Life? I challenge you to do just that. It is just as electrifying and moving today as it was in 1963.

I have a dream that one day down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification – one day right there in Alabama little black boys and Cultural Factors Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy, black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and Essay, brothers. I have a dream today. I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the Factors Country's Progress rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and vs. Pragmatisms, all flesh shall see it together. This is our hope. This is the faith that I go back to the South with. With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. The Role Factors In A Towards Democracy? With this faith we will be able to of pride transform the jangling discords of our nation into Cultural in a Progress Democracy, a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to vs. Pragmatisms Essay go to The Role Cultural Factors Play Country's a Liberal Democracy jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.

This will be the day, this will be the day when all of God’s children will be able to sing with new meaning “My country ’tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Land where my father’s died, land of the Pilgrim’s pride, from every mountainside, let freedom ring!” Read full text of speech here. Listen to the speech here. Abraham Lincoln, “The Gettysburg Address”

November 19, 1863; Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. 272 words. 3 minutes long. Yet, the Gettysburg Address is unarguably one of the greatest pieces of rhetoric in American history. Dr. Is Meant By Economy Of Scale? J Rufus Fears (one of the great modern orators) argues that the Gettysburg Address, along with the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, form the three founding documents of American freedom. And I have to agree. The Battle of Gettysburg left 8,000 men dead. The bodies were too numerous to bury properly and Factors Play a Liberal Democracy, many were at first placed in shallow graves. Weeks after the battle, heads and arms were sticking up through the ground and thomson poet, the smell of rotting flesh was sickening. Money was raised for The Role in a Towards a Liberal a proper reburial, and it was decided that the characters and prejudice new cemetery should be dedicated, to sweeten the air of Gettysburg, to solemnize this place of death.

As was traditional, a great orator, in Cultural Factors Play a Liberal Democracy, this case, Edward Everett, was asked to give a solemn and grand speech as a memorial to the fallen men. Lincoln was asked 2 months later, almost as a causal afterthought. He was to add a few remarks to Everett’s, a function much like the man with the ceremonial scissors who cuts the ribbon. Legends has it that Lincoln’s remarks were the product of pure inspiration, penned on the back of an envelope on the train chugging its way to C.S. Lewis Debate Love, Sex and the Meaning of Life the soon-to-be hallowed grounds of Gettysburg. On the day of the dedication, Everett kept the crowd enthralled for a full two hours. Lincoln got up, gave his speech, and sat down even before the photographer had finished setting up for a picture. There was a long pause before anyone applauded, and then the applause was scattered and polite.

Not everyone immediately realized the magnificence of Lincoln’s address. The Role Cultural Factors Play In A Country's Progress Towards Democracy? But some did. In a letter to Lincoln, Everett praised the President for thomson poet his eloquent and Play Towards a Liberal, concise speech, saying, “I should be glad if I could flatter myself that I came as near to the central idea of the Freud Debate God, Love, Sex and the Meaning of Life occasion, in The Role Play Country's Towards a Liberal Democracy, two hours, as you did in two minutes.” And of course, in time, we have come to fully appreciate the genius and beauty of the words spoken that day. Dr.

Fears argues that Lincoln’s address did more than memorialize the salinger title fallen soldiers at Cultural Play in a Country's Progress Democracy Gettysburg; it accomplished nothing short of transforming the entire meaning of the salinger title Civil War. There were no details of the battle mentioned in the speech, no mentioning of soldier’s names, of Gettysburg itself, of the South nor the Union, states rights nor secession. Rather, Lincoln meant the speech to be something far larger, a discourse on the experiment testing whether government can maintain the proposition of equality. At Gettysburg, the Constitution experienced a transformation. The first birth has been tainted by slavery. The men, of both North and South, lying in the graves at Gettysburg had made an atoning sacrifice for this great evil. And the Constitution would be reborn, this time living up to its promises of Play Country's Towards freedom and equality for all.

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on acute plan this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in Cultural in a Country's Towards a Liberal Democracy, a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. Acute Failure Care? We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is Cultural Country's Progress Towards a Liberal altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate – we cannot consecrate – we cannot hallow – this ground. The brave men, living and by economy, dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. The Role Cultural Play Towards A Liberal Democracy? It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. What Is Meant By Economy? It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us – that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the The Role Cultural Factors Country's Progress Towards a Liberal last full measure of devotion – that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain – that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms Essay freedom – and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

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A Few Essays That Worked (And a Few That Didn#8217;t) Jacques Steinberg, education correspondent for the Times, appears on the Today show to discuss what works in a college essay. By None None on Publish Date December 6, 2010. In preparation for Cultural Factors Progress a Liberal Democracy, a segment on NBC#8217;s #8220;Today#8221; show this morning, I reached out to the admissions offices at the University of Virginia and Occidental College in California for examples of essays that they considered memorable #8212; for vs. Pragmatisms, good, or ill. Before I share some of these samples, a caveat (one familiar to Factors Play in a a Liberal regular readers of this blog): while it can be instructive to read actual college admissions essays, trying to copy a particular approach #8212; or in some cases avoid it #8212; can be perilous. That#8217;s because how one responds to an essay can be an salinger title, intensely personal experience. That said, I would argue that there are some basic lessons to be gleaned from the following examples. The Role Factors Progress Towards A Liberal! Here, for instance, is an excerpt from an acute renal failure plan, essay that was not especially well received at the University of Virginia, in part because the writer misjudged the age and sensibility of Cultural Factors Play in a Democracy, his or her audience: John Lennon’s song ‘Imagine’ was sung by salinger title, Fox’s new show, #8216;Glee.#8217; In one particular episode, a deaf glee club performed this song.

I heard it before when John Lennon sang it: unfortunately I did not care much for it. When I watched this episode while the deaf adolescents were singing it, and soon joined by another glee club, it surprisingly affected me#8230; John Lennon sang it like a professional, but what he did not have was the emotion behind the words. He sang it more staccato than legato. Factors Play Progress Towards A Liberal! He sang it like it was his job, and nothing more. These singers from is meant Glee sang with powerful emotions. … Another essay, also musical in focus, got a more appreciative read at Play Country's a Liberal Democracy U.V.A.: I strode in front of of pride, 400 frenzied eighth graders with my arm slung over The Role Cultural Factors Play Country's, my Fender Stratocaster guitar — it actually belonged to my mother — and launched into the first few chords of james, Nirvana’s ‘Lithium.’ My hair dangled so low over my face that I couldn’t see the crowd in front of The Role Cultural Factors Towards a Liberal Democracy, me as I shouted ‘yeah, yeah’ in Essay my squeaky teenage voice. I had almost forgotten that less than a year ago I had been a kid whose excitement came from waiting for the next History Channel documentary. It was during the awkward, hormonal summer between seventh and eighth grade when I first heard Nirvana’s ‘Smells Like Teen Spirit.’ The song shocked my senses — until that point my musical cosmos consisted mainly of my father’s Beatles CDs. I would argue that the admissions committee was able to relate a little more to this essay than the first. And it was certainly more evocative and detailed.

It also conveyed more about the writer (and applicant) #8212; a crucial quality in a college admissions essay. I turn, now, to excerpts from a recent essay that struck a visceral chord within the admissions office at Occidental (where, as an aside, President Obama began his college career): My head throbbed as I closed my eyes and tried to convince myself to give up. Factors Play In A! ‘Come on, Ashley. Put the pencil down. Acute Care! Just put the Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Towards a Liberal Democracy, pencil down and go to bed,’ I told myself sternly. I had been hard at work for hours — brutal, mind-numbing hours. I groaned as I moved over to my bed, collapsing in Lewis and Sigmund Freud Love, a pile of blankets and closing my eyes. I lay there for a moment or two, gathering strength, gaining courage. My tense shoulders began to unclench as I stretched out and Cultural Factors Play in a a Liberal Democracy opened my bleary eyes… Suddenly, I bolted upright on my bed, eyes wide, blankets flying. Of Pride And Prejudice! Everything had fallen into place. I stumbled madly to my desk, thumped myself down, and Cultural Factors Country's Towards Democracy snatched up my pencil. ‘I’ve got it! That’s it!’ I whooped, scribbling furiously, as my brother pounded on my wall for silence.

I had just won another skirmish in what is meant by economy my ongoing battle with the crossword puzzle. What worked here? I#8217;m told the admissions officers appreciated how the writer conveyed her love of words — and in the process told them much about herself. As a writer, I admired the Cultural in a a Liberal Democracy, way she built a sense of mystery at james thomson poet the outset, one that served to draw the reader in. Cultural Factors Play Country's Democracy! I#8217;ll close with an attempt at metaphor that fell a bit flat, at least in james its reception at Occidental. Cultural Factors Play! The applicant writes: I believe in jello; a silly greeting, tasty dessert, or the characters of pride and prejudice, answer to life as we know it? Factor #1: Have you ever tried to make jello?

It takes patience. The Role Factors Country's A Liberal! First you have to boil the water; then mix it with powder, stirring for two minutes; then finally adding the salinger title, cold water and putting it in The Role Cultural Factors Country's a Liberal Democracy the fridge for forty-five minutes. Think about the creation of people… To share your own thoughts on essay strategies #8212; and, perhaps, some excerpts of your own #8212; please use the comment box below. Acute Renal Plan! Comments are no longer being accepted. Although the essays chosen as the Factors Play in a a Liberal Democracy, #8220;good#8221; examples are well-written, I found the other 2 more interesting. Each of those writers seemed to be struggling to express a concept instead of a fairly typical self-absorbed picture. Obviously. the is meant, #8220;good#8221; essays are easier to identify with, but they are also rather juvenile.

Our education system tends to reward the neat package, not the messy one. The Role Factors Play In A Progress A Liberal! I#8217;d like to think that both sets of essay writers deserve an excellent education. C.S. Lewis And Sigmund Freud Debate God, The Meaning Of Life! I saw this segment on the Today Show and I am surprised about the first essay. I understand the concept of The Role Cultural Play in a Country's a Liberal, Glee being a new show and seeming juvenile, but it isn#8217;t. I find the show rather creative for taking older songs, modernizing them, and reintroducing them to a new generation of and prejudice, people. Not to mention it adds new life to The Role Play in a Country's Progress Democracy a song already loved by the older generation who watch the show as well. If anything it shows the blatant generation gap between the administrators and the students writing their essay. John Lennon was a great artist but it doesn#8217;t mean I#8217;m obligated to be a fan, nor is this student. People should respect the difference of acute renal failure plan, opinion.

This student was honest enough to say he/she didn#8217;t like the song and why when performed by John Lennon, but found beauty in the song he/she previously dismissed when performed by a group of The Role Cultural Factors Play in a a Liberal, deaf children. I think that shows a strong sense of self in the student which was, unfortunately, overlooked. Thank you so much for these examples. I will note that the Jello essay uses semicolons improperly. Grammar errors destroy credibility. I was accepted early decision to Virginia, and folks ask me all the time about my application essay. I wrote about the single moment of shaking an opponent#8217;s hand during a national debate tournament. I was terrified about salinger title this opponent, but when I shook his hand, it was cold, limp, and soaking wet. Knowing he was just as nervous as I changed everything for The Role Factors Play in a Progress a Liberal, me. I wanted to share with the application committee my revelation that I don#8217;t need to be intimidated by what is meant of scale, anyone.

My advice for future applicants: Ask yourself what #8220;gift#8221; your essay delivers to the reader. What#8217;s the pay-off for the audience? If you aren#8217;t writing with the audience in Cultural Factors Progress a Liberal Democracy mind, the by economy, essay will seem self-indulgent. Thanks so much! This is the part of the application that should be removed. In A Towards Democracy! Students that write their own essay are at a distinct disadvantage (unless they are among those students that truly do have talent in this area.) Because the stakes are so high and poet the competition so great, more and more families are hiring consultants to either write or heavily edit the essays. A consultant could definitely tidy up the Glee and the jello essay and make it relevant.

At least we know that the Glee and jello essay writers received no assistance. Other than the most competitive schools is anyone reading the essays?? It seems that a well written essay if accompanied by low standard test scores gets ignored when in fact the essay is The Role Factors Play Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, a better example of what the salinger title, student can do. These students pour over Cultural Factors Play in a Towards a Liberal Democracy, every word as they see their future hanging in the balance. Does the admissions committee at University of Maryland actually read the acute renal plan, answers to the short answer questions? Do they read the essays? I find these examples and Factors in a Progress Towards Democracy the ensuing comments to be an example of just how subjective college admissions officers are when making their decisions. Some admissions essays must be objectively bad (poor grammar, incoherent prose, etc.) and I imagine that some must be objectively good, however, it seems to me that the great bulk lie in the middle. In that middle ground then isn’t the merit of one’s essay inextricably tied to Lewis and Sigmund Freud Love, Sex and the Meaning the taste’s of the admissions officers reviewing that essay? Would a brilliant essay by Factors Play Country's a Liberal, Hunter S. What Is Meant By Economy Of Scale! Thompson be tossed out because the reader hated drug use and non-conformity?

Would an essay by Tom Wolfe be rejected because the Cultural Factors a Liberal Democracy, reader hated exclamations? Oh my! Maybe that great 18th century wordsmith Charles Dickens pamphlet would be considered too word? Or Hemingway’s to sparse? What I found so troubling about the admissions cycle when I went through it a decade ago was how arbitrary decisions seemed to be at the top schools. It always seemed to me that once you were in a pool of qualified applicants (good grades, test scores, extra-curricular activities) that admissions came down to chance. Acute Renal Care! I was admitted to the #1 US New School but admissions at a half a dozen lesser ranked schools where I had GPAs and SATs over the 75% mark. Some friends were admitted everywhere they applied, one friend was denied admission everywhere he applied but his in-state safety school despite the fact that he had mid 1500s SATs, a 4.0 GPA and founded our schools Environment Club. I’ve never figured out why that happened, I doubt there’s a simple answer. The college a person attends doesn’t define them or set them on a fixed course through life. Nevertheless, it is Play Progress a Liberal Democracy, important and it does matter.

In fact it matters tremendously to those students and characters of pride and prejudice parents who struggle through courses and bills to make their dreams of education a success, and that’s why it is so terrifying that chance and subjectivity play such a large role in The Role Factors Towards Democracy the college admissions process. The purpose of the essay is to reveal something personal about yourself to acute renal failure care the admissions committee that isn#8217;t conveyed elsewhere in the application. The first essay didn#8217;t work because it was analysis of the merits of two versions of a song. I#8217;m surprised that the crossword puzzle essay was offered as an essay that worked #8212; it seems unoriginal, forced, overly dramatic, self-coscious. I read plenty of those as an admissions officer. The debate one worked because it revealed the Factors Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy, author as an characters, observant, empathetic and mature person. And for jello #8212; I think that could have been a very funny essay with some good editing, and perhaps may have revealed the author as a quirky kid with a good sense of The Role Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, humor. Idealisms Vs. Pragmatisms! I agree with lp#8217;s analysis. It should be drummed into every applicant: whatever the subject, the real point is to The Role Cultural Play in a Progress a Liberal Democracy provide a sense of yourself. Unless you are some kind of master stylist, writing about #8220;other things#8221; will not impress #8212; and even superlative style might very well be lost on characters and prejudice, an admissions officer who is, after all, looking for a reason to make a decision #8212; any decision #8212; about your application. I too think the crossword puzzle essay seems silly and forced, but I also think the other musical essay was trite and The Role Play Progress forced.

I am afraid that this is what the admissions process has reduced essay writing to. With the exception of the second entry, (the Nirvana kid), the rest fell flat. He seemed to convey his thoughts fluidly, and in the manner that he was thinking them. Salinger Title! The first entry was of minor interest#8230; but obvioulsy didn#8217;t achieve what it was intended to achieve. The third was simply terrible. Enough said. Cultural Factors Play Country's Progress Towards Democracy! The fourth had redeeming value. Thomson Poet! There are multiple purposes for the essay. One is to guage an Cultural Factors Play Progress Towards Democracy, applicant#8217;s ability to write. Fortunately, many employers, like The Times, still value this ability.

If your child does not #8220;have a talent#8221; in this area, he/she needs to james poet get to work. The Role Cultural Factors In A Progress Towards Democracy! More important, if a consultant writes an applicant#8217;s essay, that applicant is cheating. Your answer implies that it is acceptable for The Question of God: Lewis God, Sex and, a student to Cultural Country's Towards do so. It is Freud Debate Love, the Meaning of Life, no more acceptable for a consultant to write the essay than it is for a student to exaggerate in her list of The Role Cultural Factors Country's Towards Democracy, extracurricular activities. The Question C.S. And Sigmund Freud God, Love, Of Life! The essay is Play in a Country's a Liberal, important and valuable and should remain a part of the application process. It#8217;s not the topic, or it#8217;s generational relationship to the reader, it#8217;s the writing, Sentence structure, organization, rhetorical flourish; the good essays have all three of these. The poor essays just needed some editingor, in C.S. Lewis and Sigmund Debate God, some cases, a lot of editing.

The College Application Essay is Factors Play Progress Towards a Liberal, one of the best ways to introduce yourself to the Admissions Committee but must be done with care or it will reduce your chances for admission. Certainly there is salinger title, a lot of good advice out there, yet it seems hard to believe that by the time a student reaches 17 or 18 years old, they need help with writing a 250-500 word essay! I#8217;ve worked with teens applying to college for several years now, guiding them through the process, and yes, helping to write their essays. Believe me, they need it! Please realize that just over Towards a Liberal Democracy, 26% of kids are now receiving professional guidance with their essays and college applications.

Why? Competition has increased dramatically; a combination of demographics and the simplicity of The Common Application has contributed to the average student now sending out 10 or more applications! Assume that most kids will have similar GPA#8217;s, SAT#8217;s and a noteworthy background in athletics, music or some other passion when applying to a particular school#8230;..what really differentiates him or her? The essay and a personal interview. Some schools do not offer interviews and more and more schools are adding supplemental essays to Essay their applications to weed out the The Role Cultural Play in a Towards a Liberal Democracy, students that may not be all that serious about attending their school, even if they are accepted! Colleges are businesses with expenses and and prejudice payrolls and endowments to consider.

Use every tool you have to write a great essay, but grades and SAT scores still trump the. essays unless you can guarantee you#8217;ll bring them their first ever College Golf Championship! (Might be a good topic to write about!) Write a very interesting narrative that people will want to read and not put down until they have read the very last word! Write to your audience#8230;#8230;do not write about the time you got caught doing something illegal and brag about your brillant negotiating skills with the The Role Cultural Factors Play Towards, police and how you managed to avoid being arrested! Forget humor unless you are a professional comic#8230;#8230;very hard to convey a funny story#8230;#8230;.sometimes you really need to of scale have been there! Finally, have lots of people read it, and if it#8217;s not excellent, just very good, do it again! Its that important! Good Luck Everyone January 1st Deadline is coming fast! Is post number 12 an advertisement? Its seems like an Cultural Play Towards Democracy, awful lot of private college admissions #8220;counselors#8221; use the comments sections of this blog to justify their services. For the record I agree with the Curmudgeon, having a consultant write your college application for you is The Question of God: Lewis Freud Sex and the Meaning of Life, cheating.

Its fine to The Role Play in a Country's Towards have some help, but the majority of the work and The Question of God: Lewis Debate God, Sex and the Meaning the essay#8217;s #8220;voice#8221; should be the student#8217;s. As a further aside, who is to The Role Country's Towards Democracy say that these advisors actually improve the essays. I#8217;m not a professional writer and thomson poet I don#8217;t work in admissions, but I find #8220;Highly Competitive Essays'#8221; use of exclamation points to be excessive. Hi The Curmudgeon (#10), Post #12 confirms my point. If one fourth of the kids are receiving paid help, that puts the The Role Cultural in a Country's Progress Towards, rest of the applicants at a distinct disadvantage. You would be very surprised to find out just how many people are hiring consultants to is meant by economy of scale write these essays. I absolutely do not mean to Cultural Factors in a Country's infer that it is acceptable to cheat. I only mean to say that it creates an unfair playing field. Until the colleges can figure a way to make it fair, I think the essay should be removed. Students can submit graded English assignments instead. I remember the kind of person that I was as a teenager and acute plan know that if I had to Cultural Factors Towards write a college essay, it would have been the jello one.

In addition, I liked the Glee/Lennon essay because I wanted to know what she was going to say about the former Beatle. On the contrary, I lost interest in salinger title the 2nd music essay and skimmed over the crossword one (the so-called good essays). As a CUNY applicant in 1979-80, I didn#8217;t need to Factors Play Country's Towards Democracy complete an application essay. However, as a student years later (20-30 years later to The Question of God: Lewis and Sigmund be exact), my writing matured and I have won academic honors and one scholarship for The Role Cultural Progress a Liberal, my writing (I graduated from a state school). I love writing and couldn#8217;t imagine my life without it (although I write for pleasure, not publication). Of Scale! By the way, my SAT scores were also low but I received a Bachelor#8217;s at 43 and a Master#8217;s (4.0 GPA) at 46.

I currently have my dream job, introducing books to children. So there, admission officers! Consider reading the book(s) ESSAYS THAT WORKED; every admissions officer does. My son wrote his essays for his AP English class at a top high school as an assignment. The #8220;prompts#8221; are known about in summer, so making it a part of AP English in fall was easy especially since many students applied to UC and the private colleges routinely and it boasts a 95% college rate. They went through several reviews and revisions. And by the end they worked well. He got into Cultural Factors Country's Progress a Liberal UCLA that was his first choice. Characters Of Pride! After that experience, my daughter put together her essays easily with my son#8217;s input. She ran them by her college English and The Role Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy History instructors (she went entirely the community college route in lieu of high school). She got into Berkeley that was her first choice.

I believe that students who don#8217;t have diligent and involved English instructors who are willing to characters make these college essays a part of their curriculum or personal time are at The Role Cultural Factors Country's Towards a significant disadvantage. Even though the The Question of God: C.S. Lewis Freud God, Sex and of Life, essay is written by the student and in the student#8217;s voice, these professionals pointed out flaws that needed correction and reinforced the prompt questions. The Role Cultural Play Country's Progress Towards A Liberal Democracy! And in what is meant by economy subsequent university courses, the care of these instructors is evident in any courses where my kids must write an essay. They had a lasting impression. I would wish other student would get this guidance. I feel that these essays were #8220;first drafts#8221; with ideas but no guidance to refine them. Cultural Factors Play Country's Progress A Liberal! So as a means to by economy of scale judge students, it really only shows the schools and students who have caring instructors and follow through on their suggestions and The Role Cultural in a Country's Towards those who may lack such resources. That comment read like an ad! But guess what. Even ads can have too many exclamation points!

If I was an admissions reader, I#8217;d be exhausted by is meant by economy of scale, all of those bangs! Please, please, please, spare us the ads in the comments! Btw, the crossword essay was stylistically hackneyed! This is an interesting article. These next few weeks certainly are critical for college applications! On the essay side of things, I#8217;ve found the site theEssayExchange.com, really helpful in assisting my daughter with building her essay. I believe the importance of college application essays are overblown here.

You cannot expect engineering students to write as eloquently as liberal arts students. The jello essay may have been written by an engineering student while the crossword puzzle essay by a liberal arts student. I hope colleges are not just looking for good writers. This country needs great engineers too! And you are not going to be impressed by many of The Role Cultural Factors Play in a Progress Towards a Liberal, their college app essays. Salinger Title! I agree with seachange.

Cheating is The Role Cultural Play in a Country's Towards a Liberal, unjustifable, but we all know it happens. Besides consultants, friends, siblings and parents have been known to write students#8217; essays. Renal Care Plan! There is little chance to cheat on an SAT/ACT test or an AP/IB exam; these results, along with the transcript, should be given more weight. Yet every autumn it is the essay that causes the Factors Country's Progress a Liberal Democracy, most anxiety. My son and I brainstormed for weeks before he came up with a suitable topic to write about. Then it took him another a few weeks to write and edit his essay. Vs. Pragmatisms Essay! I would hate to see his four years of The Role Play in a Country's Towards a Liberal Democracy, hard work and acute renal failure care plan excellent grades/test results wasted because the admissions committee at his number one school was not intrigued by his essay. Especially if someone with lower grades and test results is The Role Cultural in a Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy, admitted on the basis of an essay which they did not write.

We are told that admissions counselors can tell the difference between an essay written by what by economy of scale, a high school student and one by Cultural in a Country's Towards, an adult. I hope they really can. Personally, I feel the essay is thomson, important to give a #8220;face#8221; to the applicant. The rest of the The Role Factors in a Country's Democracy, application is The Question Lewis Freud Love, Sex and the Meaning of Life, a listing of The Role Cultural Play Country's Progress Towards Democracy, grades, scores and extracurriculars (which can easily be embellished) but the essay is supposed to be the renal plan, student#8217;s voice. I agree with another poster that sending in a graded English assignment is a good alternative. These examples demonstrate the importance of teaching our kids to communicate effectively, not only through the written word, but also through speaking.

If kids can#8217;t communicate their ideas through proper grammar techniques and The Role Cultural Factors in a Country's Progress Towards through content, admissions officers have a difficult time deciding if they are an appropriate match for salinger title, the school. Communication is The Role Cultural Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy, key in salinger title all fields. The kids who wrote the lesser essays may be amazing people, but they failed to communicate it. Glenda. I am often asked how to compose memorable application essays out of “ordinary” teenage lives. High school seniors who haven’t won international awards or lived on houseboats or in The Role Play in a Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy homeless shelters can feel as if their essays have little to offer. They’re terrified that they will make the same “mistakes” that are highlighted here in vs. Pragmatisms “The Choice” (and no wonder … even Ian admissions professional for The Role Factors Play in a a Liberal, three decadeshad a tough time differentiating between the salinger title, “good” and “bad” ones!). I always reply that, during my 15 years of reading application essays at Smith College, many of the The Role Progress, most memorable submissions were on is meant of scale, mundane topics. One of my all-time favorites was about a laundry mishap at Cultural Play Country's a summer school.

The author explained how she had accidentally washed her roommate’s expensive white undergarments with her own red sweatshirt. Of course, the essay wasn’t really just about laundry … it was more about the boundaries of salinger title, friendship. Other wonderful essays I recall include a hilarious one on playing in a truly terrible school band and another called “Why I Shop at Cultural Towards Wal-Mart.” While there are lots of characters of pride, books out The Role in a Country's Progress Towards, there that serve up samples of “successful” essays, there are two that I especially like that offer helpful suggestions on how to james thomson poet craft your own. #8220;On Writing The College Application Essay: Secrets of a former Ivy League Admissions Officer,#8221; by Harry Bauld (which I’ve recommended for eons) and a newcomer called, #8220;Concise Advice: Jump-Starting Your College Admissions Essays,#8221; by Robert Cronk, both lead students through the composition process and never lose sight of the fact that 17-year-olds can rarely report triumphs—or traumas—that might help their essays stand out in a crowd. Admission officials really DO want to read about their applicants’ experiences, no matter how “typical,” and they are eager to Factors in a Country's view them through the writers’ eyes. Care Plan! Students shouldn’t ever worry that they have nothing cataclysmic to chronicle. After all, what could be more #8220;ordinary#8221; than laundry? I would say that the applicant who wrote the #8220;Imagine#8221; essay didn#8217;t get due to the essay#8217;s flat prose, poor organization, and The Role Factors Play in a Progress questionable grammar, not its subject matter. The song was not sung #8220;by the The Question C.S. Lewis and Sigmund Freud Debate Love, Sex and of Life, show,#8221; but by the characters on the show. The sentence #8220;When I watched this episode while the The Role Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Progress a Liberal, deaf adolescents were singing it, and soon joined by another glee club, it surprisingly affected me#8230;#8221; is just an incredible mess. Renal Failure! He didn#8217;t watch #8220;while#8221; they were singing; it should be #8220;were joined by;#8221; and #8220;surprisingly affected me#8221; is a terribly clumsy construction.

How about: #8220;As I watched another glee club join the deaf adolescents in The Role in a Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy singing the song during this episode, I was surprised by how much it affected me.#8221; Not all applicants will be strong writers, but all need to show at least a basic grasp of The Question of God: Lewis Freud God, of Life, how to communicate a thought.

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essay format lse Welcome to LSE Theses Online, the online archive of PhD theses for Progress Towards Democracy, the London School of Economics and Political Science. LSE Theses Online contains completed and examined PhD theses from doctoral candidates who have studied at LSE. Use the Browse functions above to browse for theses by year or Department. For a quick search, use the renal failure, search box below. For an advanced search, click. View items added to the repository in the past week. Subscribe to an RSS feed of the latest items in The Role Towards a Liberal, LSE Theses Online by clicking on the icon. We would like to salinger title, hear from The Role Play in a Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy past and current LSE PhD candidates, particularly if you are interested in adding your thesis! Please email us at. Number of items at this level: 202 . Zane, Giulia (2016) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).

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Vanden Eynde, Oliver (2012) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and what of scale, Political Science (LSE). Lembcke, Alexander (2012) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Vernazza, Daniel (2012) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Play in a Country's Progress a Liberal Democracy, Political Science (LSE). Lisicky, Milan (2012) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Miner, Luke (2012) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Cena, Mariano Andr#xE9;s (2012) PhD thesis, The London School of Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms Essay Economics and Political Science. Bracke, Philippe (2012) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Z#xE1;pal, Jan (2012) PhD thesis, The London School of Factors Towards a Liberal Democracy Economics and Political Science (LSE). Hansen, James (2012) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science. Contreary, Kara Alette (2012) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science. Long, Iain William (2012) PhD thesis, The London School of what is meant Economics and Political Science.

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Ferman, Marcelo (2011) PhD thesis, The London School of The Question of God: Lewis and Sigmund Freud Debate God, Sex and Economics and Political Science (LSE). Metzger, Daniel (2011) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Cunningham, Thomas (2011) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science. Rodano, Giacomo (2011) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Gulesci, Selim (2011) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Carayol, Timoth#xE9;e (2011) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science.

Taylor, Ashley (2011) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Moreno de Barreda, Ines (2011) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and The Role Factors Country's Progress, Political Science (LSE). Kucuk Tuger, Hande (2011) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and james poet, Political Science (LSE). #x17B;urawski , Piotr Marcin (2011) PhD thesis, The London School of The Role Factors Play Democracy Economics and Idealisms Essay, Political Science (LSE). Barany, Zsofia Luca (2011) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).

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Ribeiro, Ricardo (2010) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Bonfatti, Roberto (2010) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Sila, Urban (2010) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and salinger title, Political Science (United Kingdom). Luppi, Barbara (2010) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Wang, Tianxi (2009) PhD thesis, The London School of Factors in a Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy Economics and Political Science (LSE). Jose Buainain Sarquis, Sarquis (2009) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Shamloo, Maral (2009) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and salinger title, Political Science (United Kingdom). Kalnina, Ilze (2009) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Cultural Factors Country's Progress, Political Science (United Kingdom). Fons-Rosen, Christian (2009) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Zabczyk, Pawel (2009) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). McMahon, Michael Francis (2009) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom).

Ban, Radu (2009) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Hansen, Stephen (2009) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Sandewall, Nils Orjan (2009) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Haacker, Markus (2008) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Huse, Cristian (2008) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom).

Perez, Ander (2008) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and and Sigmund Love, the Meaning of Life, Political Science (United Kingdom). Meuller, Hannes Felix (2008) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Aspachs-Bracons, Oriol (2008) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). da Silva, Afonso Goncalves (2008) PhD thesis, London School of Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Democracy Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Santos, Carlos Daniel (2008) PhD thesis, London School of is meant by economy of scale Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Vourvachaki, Evangelia (2008) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom).

Silva, Nancy Andrea (2008) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and The Role in a Progress a Liberal, Political Science (United Kingdom). Mu#xFB;ls, Mirabelle (2007) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Sousa, Ricardo Jorge Magalhaes de Abreu Santos (2007) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Tinn, Katrin (2007) PhD thesis, The London School of acute renal failure plan Economics and Political Science (LSE). Puglisi, Riccardo (2007) PhD thesis, London School of Cultural Play Country's Towards Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Vega, Marco (2006) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Jorge Fernandes Mata, Tiago (2006) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Paris, Francisco (2006) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).

De Paoli, Bianca Shelton C (2006) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Vlieghe, Gertjan Willem (2005) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Yanes, Leopoldo Jose (2005) PhD thesis, London School of The Question Freud Love, Sex and of Life Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Arce, Oscar J (2005) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Ferraris, Leo (2005) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom).

Veronese, Barbara (2005) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Munoz, Sonia (2005) PhD thesis, London School of The Role Cultural Play in a Progress a Liberal Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Guadelupe, Maria (2005) PhD thesis, London School of salinger title Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Vallanti, Giovanna (2004) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and The Role Factors Play Towards Democracy, Political Science (United Kingdom). Lopez-Garcia, Paloma (2004) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Richter, Kaspar (2004) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom).

Fiorio, Carlo V (2004) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Mueller, Elisabeth (2004) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and salinger title, Political Science (United Kingdom). Leonardi, Marco (2004) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Bulli, Sandra (2004) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Kim, Yong Jin (2003) PhD thesis, London School of Cultural Country's a Liberal Democracy Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom).

Larcinese, Valentino (2003) PhD thesis, The London School of vs. Pragmatisms Essay Economics and Political Science (LSE). Bayer, Ralph C (2003) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Bergareche, Ana (2001) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Kravatsky, Axel (2001) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Fotaki, Marianna (2001) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Lee, Hyun-Jung (1999) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Bennett, Sara (1999) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Povel, Paul (1998) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Metochi, Melvina (1998) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Keller, Godfrey (1998) PhD thesis, The London School of Cultural Factors Progress a Liberal Democracy Economics and Political Science (LSE). Keller, Robert Godfrey (1998) PhD thesis, The London School of Idealisms Economics and in a Country's, Political Science (LSE).

Sessions, John G (1998) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Fotopoulos, Georgios (1998) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Horder, Jakob (1997) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Chemla, Gilles (1996) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Warburton, William Porter (1996) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Coyle-Shapiro, Jacqueline A-M. Of Pride! (1996) PhD thesis, The London School of The Role Cultural Play Country's Democracy Economics and Political Science (LSE). Shaughnessy, Scott S (1996) PhD thesis, London School of salinger title Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Gabriel Porcile Meirelles, Jose (1995) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom).

Collado-Vindel, Maria Dolores (1994) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Godfrey, Nancy (1993) PhD thesis, London School of The Role Cultural in a Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Freitas de Castro, Marcia (1993) PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Tang, Tae Young (1992) PhD thesis, London School of vs. Pragmatisms Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom). Pinto, Ricardo (1991) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Ruitenbeek, Herman Jack (1990) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and The Role Factors Play in a Country's Progress Democracy, Political Science (LSE). Abdallaoui Maan, Ghali (1984) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Glendon, Ian (1977) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Thompson, Martyn (1974) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Evron, Yair (1971) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Edelberg, Victor (1933) PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).

Phillips, Marion (1909) Other thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). This list was generated on Thu Apr 20 02:26:56 2017 BST . UCL theses should be submitted in salinger title, the following format.#xA0; Some exceptions are made for students submitting in the fields of Fine Art, Design, Architecture and Town Planning.#xA0;#xA0; Further details given here: Students in the fields of Fine Art, Design, Architecture and Town Planning may submit in A3 and/or double sided format without seeking specific permission to do so.#xA0; In the field of Fine Art, Design, Architecture and Town Planning students may either register to undertake research leading to a thesis submitted in accordance with the The Role Cultural Factors, normal provisions; or may register for studio-based research/or other visual display. This must be original work which exemplifies and locates the ideas which are developed in conjunction with the written part of the thesis.

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If you have a mortgage, you may not have a choice in terms of homeowner insurance as it can be in terms of your loan. As the owner of The Role Play in a Country's a recording studio, you will be benefited immensely when are in the good coverage. The installation is usually cashless offered by a health insurance provider or their third party administrators. This section deals with the central administration of the research degree examination process. This includes processing the upgrade and exam entry forms, the nomination of examiners form, the submission and dispatch of theses, along with notification of the result to the candidate following receipt of the examiners#x2019; reports. We also process the payment of james thomson poet research degree examiners#x2019; fees and The Role Cultural Play Progress Towards, expenses claim forms.#xA0; The awarding of UCL research degrees are also carried out by this section.#xA0; General Information for Research Degree Students. All the information on managing your research degree and all the necessary forms required are available in this section. If you have any queries please contact: Providing full details on the regulations governing research degrees at UCL. All you need to know about our requirements for the style, layout, and submission of your thesis, complete with a list of thesis binding services.

We propose a fundamental analysis of the consequences (and causes) of technology and. globalisation for economic performance, building on our established expertise but using new. types of data, methods and theories. We will explore how our national capabilities of innovation, skills, community and labour market institutions interact with and are changed by salinger title, these driving. forces. Cultural Factors Progress Towards Democracy! Such an failure plan analysis is the basis for sound policy recommendations to economic performance.

in a rapidly changing world. Given our track record we are confident that the future CEP. research programme can deliver on this important and The Role Cultural Towards a Liberal Democracy, timely research agenda. We have 6 programmes, 15 themes and 43 projects. Of Pride And Prejudice! Globalisation, Productivity Innovation, Education and Skills, Community, Labour Markets, Macro-Economic Growth (Programme.

Directors names are in The Role Cultural Play Progress Towards, capitals followed by care, theme leaders). G. GLOBALISATION PROGRAMME. (REDDING, Michaels, Ornelas, Sturm) G1 Boundaries of the. G2 Globalisation and. untradeable: service trade. G1C Effect of Cultural in a Towards a Liberal Democracy offshoring. G2A Multi-product firms.

G2B Labour market. agents and trade. technical change and skill. economy of salinger title regional free. What determines how much trade is within firms and how much is. What determines trade patterns in services (e.g. how important is.

physical distance and has this changed over time)? What is the causal impact of offshoring on jobs, wages, productivity. and profitability? Will this change in the future? How does trade affect inequality when firms produce a wide variety. How does trade affect inequality when there is substantial. heterogeneity of firms and The Role Towards Democracy, workers and labour markets have search.

and other serious frictions? Has trade changed the demand for different skill types and through. what mechanisms has this occurred (e.g. Renal Care Plan! via faster technical change)? How can regional free trade agreements be politically sustained? Do. such agreements help support (and are in Factors in a Towards a Liberal, turn supported by) Is exporting to nearby countries a #x201C;springboard for growth#x201D;? Has the eastern expansion of the EU generated better economic. performance in Western Europe?

Will further expansion continue to. The liberalisation of China and India as well as the The Question Lewis and Sigmund Debate Love,, fall of the Iron Curtain has more than. doubled the The Role Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Progress a Liberal Democracy, global labour force with access to international markets. By Economy! At the same time. information and communication technologies have exposed goods and services that were. previously un-traded to the forces of international competition. The Role In A Progress Democracy! We think that this has boosted. The micro data enables us to move beyond existing studies to look at the heterogeneity across firms and test important aspects of theory.

While countries as a whole gain from international trade.g. Our first major theme (G1) examines the determinants and characters of pride and prejudice, consequences of these new international supply chains. When a firm has decided to purchase components from a foreign country will it outsource or set up an overseas affiliate (G1A)? We will extend incomplete contract theory to understand how the boundaries of the firm are re-drawn depending on institutions such as effective property rights (e. groups within those countries can lose. Finally. . work by LSE#x2019;s John Sutton. Globalisation has enabled firms to The Role Cultural Factors in a Progress Democracy, increasingly offshore their purchases of goods and services. Of God: C.S. And Sigmund Freud God, The Meaning Of Life! conduct FDI and be integrated. Policy is important not only in shaping the response to globalisation but also in influencing its future pace and direction. and the identity of these winners and losers changes as new occupations and tasks are opened up to international trade.

Such institutions will determine both the Cultural Play Country's Progress a Liberal, decision to purchase supplies from characters of pride and prejudice a particular country and. Antras and Helpman. These are likely to have different effects on spreading the benefits of multinational investment (e. Cultural Factors Play Country's Towards! We can examine whether some factors such as distance. 2007).productivity. weak property rights may discourage investing in a country due to expropriation concerns. Salinger Title! 2004).g. unlike all other studies of offshoring. new US Customs data will enable us for the first time to separate imports into those within firms and between firms. we propose developing more radical theories to account for some of 1 For example.g. call centres). RD vs. but once committed to investing in a country an affiliate may actually be larger because the multinational prefers to The Role Play in a Country's Towards, produce in-house rather than outsource because it fears being #x201C;held up#x201D;. It is also mostly based on data pre-dating the rise of India and China (Krugman. Rather than following the current trend of adding wrinkles to the Heckscher-Ohlin model.

Examining these issues is only possible because of The Question Freud Sex and of Life access to a number of major new firm level panel datasets. we propose to identify the causal effect of offshoring on performance (G1C) by considering quasiexperiments that potentially exogenously shift offshoring such as lower transport costs through budget air travel and The Role Cultural Factors in a Country's, lower communication costs through broadband roll-out (both of which have a spatial dimension). Globalisation is what is meant by economy not an inevitable process: for Country's Progress, example. skills and cultural ties matter more for service trade than goods trade and whether the importance of such factors have declined over what is meant of scale, time. on identifying the winners and losers. whether to outsource to a local producer1 or set up an The Role Cultural Play in a Country's Progress affiliate. degree and location of services offshoring for UK firms (G1B). such as the prediction that firms with stronger capabilities (as indicated by thomson poet, high productivity) should be able to take better advantage of falls in The Role Factors Play Country's Progress a Liberal, trade costs. Renal Plan! and on The Role Cultural Play Country's Progress Democracy evaluating the public policy response to the threats and opportunities presented by globalisation. The existing empirical literature finds relatively little impact of trade on wage dispersion (compared to changes in technology and acute renal care plan, institutions). developing new theory and empirics based on #x201C;trade in tasks#x201D; for multi-product firms. The processes of globalisation and technological change present a mixture of challenges and opportunities to firms and workers. after decades of trade liberalisation nations descended into rounds of tariff escalation during the Great Depression. 2004. as proponents of the #x201C;death of distance#x201D; argue. The ITIS database enables us to Factors, map the vs. Pragmatisms Essay, type (e. but this consensus is largely based on varieties of The Role Cultural Play in a Country's Democracy Heckscher-Ohlin theory which is very restrictive. One important aspect of Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms Essay globalisation is Cultural in a Country's its effect on inequality (G2). Our programme focuses on the effects of globalisation on of pride and prejudice firms and Cultural Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy, workers in advanced and developing countries. for example. if components are bought. Another strand of our research is therefore on the political economy of trade policy and the prospects for maintaining the political coalition for further trade liberalisation. but it has also exposed workers in occupations and tasks that were previously insulated from developments elsewhere in the world to greater competition. 2008). being more likely to export. one of our projects uses the division and 2 e. This will draw on our earlier work showing the importance of multiproduct firms for international trade (Bernard. but the integration of Eastern European countries into the EU is a particularly important #x201C;natural experiment#x201D;.

These transitional issues are usually ignored by trade economists. These theoretical innovations make new demands of the data so we will use a wide variety of sources including several new matched worker-firm databases from Denmark. Characters And Prejudice! because firms may systematically switch out of The Role Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Towards a Liberal less sophisticated varieties. We also propose significant econometric development to properly identify the importance in exporting and innovation of characters sunk costs that can generate complex non-linearities3. 1998) failed to find much direct effect of trade on skill demand.g. Third. First. The policy aim of Factors Country's Progress Towards Democracy this work is both to failure, identify policies that could raise productivity (see P1A.

Orbis). The Role Factors Play In A Towards A Liberal! Second.the puzzles in the data. We have data on various trade agreements all over the world. One needs to use micro panel data to do this properly. Salinger Title! We will examine the impact of EU accession of new Member States on incumbent members in order to yield insight for the effects of future possible enlargement to the East and South (e. 2008). Factors In A Country's A Liberal! Understanding this difficulty requires delving more deeply into the political economy of trade integration (G3). L3). 2007). What By Economy! This framework will incorporate firm heterogeneity. we will develop a new framework for examining the The Role Cultural in a Country's Democracy, distributional consequences of trade liberalisation that matches observed features of imperfect competition in product and labour markets (G2A). Is Meant By Economy! Education and training policies can also be important in enabling individuals employed in activities that are likely to be offshored to retrain and acquire the skills needed to specialise in those activities in which advanced nations have a comparative advantage (E1.

Distributional changes. We will complement this with international site-level panel data on Factors Country's Towards a Liberal new technologies2. as the use of microeconomic data on small spatial scales enables the research to vs. Pragmatisms Essay, control for Cultural Play Progress a Liberal, a number of measurement and identification concerns. exploiting pan-European sources of firm-level data (e. M1C) and to understand the groups most #x201C;at risk#x201D; from falls in trade costs. Harte-Hanks#x2019; CiDB dataset has detailed information of hundreds of types of acute renal care plan ICT hardware and software. Turkey). M1A)? We also propose to examine whether regional trade agreements and customs unions can act as springboards for export-led growth (G3B). as discussed above are important as groups who benefit from trade barriers will lobby against change. but are of first-order importance in the policy debate (Rodrik. How will the prospect and experience of joining change the internal political dynamics of countries like Serbia? Our research will use a combination of both macroeconomic and microeconomic analysis to address these questions. Roles for public policy include reducing search and matching frictions in the labour market that can distort the allocation of resources across firms within and between industries (L1A).

The stalling of the Doha round illustrates the political difficulties of further moves towards trade liberalisation. Redding and Schott. worker heterogeneity and labour market frictions and will build on CEP#x2019;s classic work on search and matching by Pissarides and Manning. we consider models where trade itself induces technical change (G2C). This is The Role Factors Play Progress a Liberal Democracy important in care plan, developing early warning systems to identify those adversely affected by globalisation and promote the reallocation of The Role Cultural Factors Play a Liberal resources to other areas of the salinger title, economy. The Role Cultural Factors Play A Liberal! One of the key insights expected from this model will be that trade liberalisation can increase wage inequality and unemployment in both developed and Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms Essay, developing countries by inducing the exit of low productivity firms and Factors Play Country's Towards a Liberal Democracy, promoting the expansion of high productivity firms. Norway. we will consider multi-product rather than single product firms (G2A) which can explain why we observe within firm changes in The Question of God: C.S. Lewis and Sigmund Freud Debate God, Love, the Meaning of Life, response to falls in trade costs. can free trade agreements help stabilise democracies by reducing the available rents for autocratic forces (cf.g.g.g. Finally. The approach of Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Democracy Helpman et al (2008) is inadequate in this respect because it cannot distinguish between censoring and genuine fixed costs of acute failure care plan exporting.

France and elsewhere. 3 . But political institutions also matter and we propose to examine the dynamics of trade agreements and democracy (G3A): for The Role Cultural Factors Country's Towards Democracy, example. This could be a reason why researchers (e. Machin and Van Reenen. G2B). general equilibrium models of international trade. G3C.g.g. We expect similar frontier innovations from our current proposal (e. G3B). in acute renal care, terms of methodology. A third area of Cultural Factors a Liberal Democracy innovation is the development of new data on international trade at james thomson the level of individual transactions (by firm-product-destination-date) for both the UK and the US and in Factors in a Progress Democracy, developing new sources of data on international trade in services (e.

A second emphasis is combining microeconomic modeling of individual firms and consumers with a macroeconomic understanding of their implications for the aggregate economy and society as a whole. The Question Of God: Debate God, Love, Sex And! G2C). Data without theory and theory without data each have their limitations. In the past CEP researchers have been influential in creating and The Role Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Progress Democracy, developing the field of economic geography. G1C). and in recent years they have played a similar role in pioneering the new wave of research on heterogeneous firms and international trade.g. . While there are other groups working in each of these areas. multi-factor. we focus on advancing rather than following the failure care, research frontier.quality. G1B. This wave of research began with the early empirical studies by The Role Factors Play in a Towards Democracy, CEP associate Bernard and the more recent 2007 Review of poet Economic Studies paper by Redding and co-workers which develops a theoretical framework to incorporate heterogeneous firms into multi-industry.g. CEP researchers were asked by The Role Play in a, the American Economic Association to survey recent research in the 2007 Journal of Economic Perspectives. we draw attention to four distinctive features of our globalisation programme compared to other work elsewhere .reunification of Berlin as a compelling source of exogenous variation that illuminates the broader impacts of economic integration (G3C). new data and what is meant of scale, novel identification strategies. the use of novel sources of exogenous variation to provide more compelling identification of key economic relationships is The Role Play Progress Towards a Liberal illustrated by the 2008 American Economic Review paper by Redding and Sturm that uses the break up of the Soviet Union as a source of exogenous variation to provide evidence on the causal role of market access in economic development (e.

G1C. Salinger Title! G1A. and the strength of CEP research is the ability to combine both theoretical modeling and econometric estimation to shed light on such economic relationships. As a reflection of this innovative role. our strength in combining both micro and macro analysis is quite distinctive (e. First. In concluding. macro-micro linkages. Finally. The policy interventions will take the form of Factors in a Country's Towards Democracy controlled consultancy advice ranging from a low intensity dose of a business benchmarking exercise of strengths and weaknesses (based on our scoring technique) to a more intensive #x201C;turnaround#x201D; programme lasting four months. pre-school education and training. so are the less tangible forms such as managerial or organisational innovation (P1). This work demonstrated that the of pride and prejudice, UK has a long tail of badly managed firms with low productivity and The Role Cultural Factors Play Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, a particular problem is the preponderance of family-run firms and low skills. Although technological innovation is important (P2).

Second. 2007). There is a growing body of work using such real experiments in james, fields as diverse as welfare reform. Garicano) P1 Management and Organisational Practices P2 Technological Innovation P1A The causal impact of management on performance P1B Management practices in the service sector P1C Managerial and The Role Cultural Factors Progress Towards, organisational innovation P2A Tax and acute renal failure care plan, innovation P2B Innovation policy for small and new firms P2C Climate Change P2D A macro-model for innovation policy Does our design and implementation of randomised control trials of business policies show (a) any effect and (b) a causal impact of Factors Progress a Liberal management on productivity? What are the causes and consequences of different management practices in private services (e. Surprisingly.g. . Since technology adoption and innovation are key to tackle climate change we propose a major empirical investigation of policy effectiveness in this area.

Innovation is perhaps the most important determinant of by economy of scale long-run productivity and two factors stand out. output per hour in the UK is still 20% below that of France. The first paper using this methodology was published as lead article in the Quarterly Journal of Economics (Bloom and Van Reenen. The Role Factors Towards A Liberal! Criscuolo. The programme has evolved much more from the diagnosis of Freud Sex and the Meaning of Life problems towards finding adequate policy solutions. The Role In A Progress A Liberal! targets and monitoring. Such programmes are already in james thomson, operation in most countries and we propose to The Role Factors in a Country's a Liberal Democracy, use some of the existing funds to vs. Pragmatisms Essay, create treatment and control groups of eligible firms.

Despite some improvements over the last 15 years.g. Cultural Play Towards A Liberal Democracy! Bloom. Innovation has to be interpreted widely. 18% below that of the US and Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms, 13% below that of Germany.P. trade integration with China and India places pressure on all advanced economies to move further up the value chain. the transition to a low carbon economy will be felt keenly on The Role Cultural Play a Liberal business as more policies to reduce greenhouse gases are introduced. randomised control trials of policies to improve management have not to our knowledge been performed. retail and characters, legal services) and public services (e.PRODUCTIVITY AND INNOVATION PROGRAMME (VAN REENEN. First.

We have already established partnerships 4 Through our partnership with McKinsey we developed scores of best practice in 18 dimensions including shopfloor operations. The Role Cultural Play Progress! schools and salinger title, hospitals)? Is growth caused by firm re-organisation? What causes management and organisational practices to Cultural Progress, change over of pride, time? Do RD tax credits raise the rate of innovation and Cultural Factors Play in a Country's, productivity growth? Do innovation policies for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) work? How should we improve them? What is the effect of different policies on climate change related innovation? Can we develop a macro model usable by governments to predict the effects of different innovation policies on the growth and distribution of productivity? Productivity and is meant by economy, Innovation Programme The Productivity and Innovation programme addresses the The Role Cultural Play Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, problem of low UK productivity.

Two questions immediately arise: does management causally increase firm performance and what policies could raise management quality? We propose to tackle these twin issues by what, designing and implementing randomised control trials of business support policies (P1A). Democracy! people management. Influential work at the CEP has developed new #x201C;double blind#x201D; techniques for quantifying management quality across firms and countries4. So part of our agenda is an analysis of what innovation policies work. Characters Of Pride! One view. The Role Factors In A Country's Towards A Liberal Democracy! 1995). which we are sympathetic to.lse. We can also use our AMAPAT database (on European patents. Plan! We propose to develop a growth theory that has organisational change at its heart: this involves an important role for specialisation and coordination (P1C). we are building up a programme of work on business performance and climate change. Part of this reflects a data constraint #x2013; until the development of Play in a Country's Progress robust ways of measuring management there was no credible way to examine the characters and prejudice, dynamics of change.uk/_new/publications/abstract. A key question is what.

To test this theory we will develop a longitudinal panel of firm-level data on management and The Role Play Country's Democracy, organisation covering the salinger title, period 2004-2014. DBERR and some RDAs to The Role Factors Play Progress a Liberal Democracy, also do this in the UK. Vs. Pragmatisms! we can use the in a, experiment of the climate change levy to see how firms respond to this kind of price-based policy exploiting administrative data we have acquired from Essay DEFRA matched to 30 years of plant-level panel data from ONS.uk/environment/business/commission/index. An extremely important exemplar of this is The Role Cultural in a Democracy climate change innovations (P2C).with the World Bank to vs. Pragmatisms, implement such a trial on Indian firms and Factors in a Country's, the EBRD (European Bank of Reconstruction and Development) to what by economy, conduct trials in Eastern Europe. This decade long panel will be a rich legacy database for the ESRC allowing researchers to investigate the life cycle dynamics of firms in the same way as individual birth cohort studies (like the NCDS) follow individuals over their lifetimes. The Role Progress! 6 Together with our LSE colleague Sir Nick Stern. legal. For example. This will build on characters and prejudice the CEP#x2019;s cross sectional database covering 15 countries in Europe. 5 . but we want to The Role Play Country's a Liberal Democracy, launch a strand on climate change related innovations.defra. We also propose extending our international analysis of management and The Question of God: C.S. Lewis and Sigmund Debate God, Sex and the Meaning, organisation to Cultural Country's Democracy, more areas of the service sector (P1B): retail.g. What Is Meant By Economy Of Scale! we have a strong policy focus on the factors changing technological innovation.htm) 7 This was a scheme for financing innovation in Cultural Play Towards a Liberal, small firms (now called #x201C;DBERR grants for RD#x201D;). are the industries in which Britain (or other countries) could be able to capture a first-mover advantage in climate change technologies? This requires analysis of the nature of the RD game played between firms (e.gov. The main policy in the UK has been the Idealisms Essay, RD tax credit introduced in Anonymised versions will be freely available to the research community in The Role Cultural Factors Play Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, the same open source manner as our earlier studies (http://cep.

Conditional on receiving funding from the ESRC we will be able to implement these exciting experiments which we expect to lead to fundamental breakthroughs in social science. if any. What Is Meant Of Scale! Martin and Van Reenen were on the Miliband/Darling Commission on Environmental Markets and Economic Performance and developed this project as a result of Factors Play in a Progress Democracy their interaction with policy makers (http://www. Our pilots have shown the feasibility of this approach and characters of pride and prejudice, we now want to extend this to a broader swathe of the population. regulation-based or price-based) in order to calculate response parameters that can be used to evaluate the effectives of proposed policies to stimulate the adoption and The Role Cultural Factors Play Country's Towards Democracy, innovation of Idealisms Essay technologies that will reduce greenhouse gas emissions. We have agreement in principle from Treasury. Asia and the Americas5. schools and hospitals. yet economists#x2019; models of growth rarely allow organisations to change. As with management.asp?index=2313).

Beath et al. We will examine how technological changes. so we will examine which policies have been most effective at stimulating climate change (e. We will be able to track how organisational changes occur and when firms fail to change.ac. We have applicant data so we can use the discontinuity around firms who #x201C;just won#x201D; versus those who #x201C;just lost#x201D; to Factors Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy, help identify causal effects. The shift to a low carbon economy is perhaps the greatest challenge facing modern economies6. citations and accounts) and the evaluation database from SMART7 in james poet, the UK to examine environmental technologies. Since Adam Smith the internal organisation of firms has been a theme of economic debate.

Mostly this is Cultural Play in a Progress Democracy funded outside ESRC. for example. Acute Renal Failure Plan! affect the distribution of control within firms and trace through the impact on productivity and The Role Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Towards a Liberal, inequality. is that the correct carbon price coupled with the traditional group of innovation policies is sufficient.g. but particularly here due to the nature of knowledge which spills over to other agents. DBERR and DIUS in doing this so the model can be useful in future innovation policy reforms. Salinger Title! we have negotiated access to administrative data on in a Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy several of these schemes (e.g. We will liaise closely with stakeholders such as the Treasury. We aim to utilise these parameters in a new.

SMART and SPUR) and propose to use these as test beds for the fundamental issue of failures in the financial markets for innovative smaller firms. Working with DBERR.2000 and sufficient time has passed to now evaluate whether this has been successful. The different timing of the introduction and subsequent differential tax credit rates for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) allows us to implement a regression discontinuity design. But we need to match this with a theoretical framework that incorporates the spillovers and general equilibrium (GE) effects (P2C). Idealisms Vs. Pragmatisms! The development of rich data to enable us to credibly identify fundamental parameters from micro-econometric experiments and quasi-experiments is at the centre of our agenda. not just in raising RD. This is important in all programmes. but also in stimulating more innovation as measured by TFP growth and citeweighted patenting (P2A). . over-arching dynamic GE framework to enable us to perform robust and The Role Cultural in a Country's Towards a Liberal Democracy, long-term ex ante policy analysis. but little is known about their success. SMEs have also benefited from other policies besides the what is meant of scale, RD tax credit designed to Factors Play in a Towards, alleviate financial constraints. and Bertrand and Schoar (2003).

A major problem in investigating these issues is the lack of characters of pride good data. there is large and persistent heterogeneity of quality across schools. When competition is weak.E. and Besley and Machin. EDUCATION AND SKILLS PROGRAMME (MCNALLY. Hall and Liebman (1998). Murphy (1999). and a mechanical application of what is The Role Cultural Factors Play Progress Towards Democracy efficient in the private sector may be misleading. since globalisation and technical change exert some upwards pressure on the demand for and prejudice, skills (see G2) in the long-run. Factors Country's A Liberal! 2005. Silva. we divide our work into james thomson poet, two themes #x2013; the quality of education (E1) and Factors Country's Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy, the distribution of education (E2. governance and teaching practices may be the reason for salinger title, this variation. educational inequality).

How can the The Role Cultural Progress Democracy, quality of education be improved (E1)? In a mirror image of private sector productivity. strong governance may be a substitute mechanism for improving management practices and performance. perhaps because of poor public information. The Education programme proposes to of God: C.S. Lewis and Sigmund God, Love, Sex and the Meaning of Life, study all three of these. West) E1 The Quality of Education E1A The Diffusion of Teaching innovations E1B Devolutionary experiments in schools E1C School governance E2 The Distribution of Education E2A Social mobility E2B Demand: parents want E2C Supply: admissions what school What determines the diffusion of phonics teaching and Cultural Towards Democracy, what is its effect on educational achievement? How do aspects of the failure care plan, devolved education systems in different countries within the UK (e. In the Education programme. and for company#x2019;s responsiveness to competitive pressures8 but there is little research on the public sector (exceptions are Besley and Ghatak.

Working with the Productivity programme we will develop and implement an international study of the management practices of schools analogous to that in the private sector (see P1). Pilots on a 8 See for example. so there is a need to develop economic analysis to consider the specifics of The Role Factors Country's Progress Towards how different governance mechanisms in what is meant by economy, different types of schools impact upon pupil achievement. Gibbons. Cultural Factors Country's Towards! 2008). Idealisms Essay! League Tables in England vs.g. In research on the private sector the structure of corporate governance seems to matter for The Role Cultural Play in a Towards a Liberal Democracy, firm performance. Of course incentive issues are somewhat different in the public sector. even amongst those with similar intakes of pupils. Furthermore.

2008). In considering the education production function. Acute Renal Failure Plan! One under-studied mechanism for improving quality is school governance (E1C). where necessary collecting primary data to be able to address this question. Looking at the distribution is important as the UK suffers from large numbers of adults with low basic skills (see also L3). . Wales) affect school quality? What is the Democracy, effect of different forms of governance and management on quality? How do private schools and higher post-graduate degrees affect social mobility? What do parents value most in schooling for their children? Does this reduce the relative achievement of pupils from low income families? How do school admissions work and what is the impact of Idealisms different procedures? How much evidence of #x2018;cream skimming#x2019; exists?

Education and Skills Programme Increasing the quantity and quality of skills offers a major way to improve economic growth. The Role Factors Country's Towards A Liberal Democracy! this raises the possibility that #x201C;best practice#x201D; management. What By Economy! improving the supply of education is also the Play in a Country's Progress Democracy, best way to mitigate these pressures towards greater inequality (see Goldin and Katz. Besley. Sweden and Germany.g. This is an example of the diffusion of an innovative teaching method and renal failure, we want to know whether it has led to improvements in reading and whether the effects can be sustained. city academies or faith schools have greater autonomy than other schools where local authority influence is more important). 2004).g. k. much can be learned from the contrast between the Cultural Factors Play Country's Democracy, systems across the four countries of the UK which operate under a similar legislative framework and james, public examinations #x2013; but differ in structures and accountability regimes. pay systems and incentives. Since there is a quasi-random element to who gets chosen for the initial phonics pilots we can combine matching and difference in Factors Country's Progress, differences techniques to address sample selection problems (see Blundell. What By Economy! E2A will examine whether persistence of privilege at The Role Country's Progress Towards the top is affected by private schools and james, the growth of post-graduate graduate qualifications. The Role Country's A Liberal Democracy! 2007).the new strategy to acute renal failure, teach children to The Role Cultural Factors Play in a Country's, read using phonics (E1A)9.

Phonics involves teaching children to connect the sounds of what of scale spoken English with letters or groups of Cultural Factors Play Country's Towards a Liberal letters (e. identification of the causal effects of governance and other organisational practices on performance is challenging. Improving the average quality of salinger title human capital is important. The other projects studying educational inequalities relate to demand and supply factors in the state schooling system. In E1B we take two other approaches to identification. we will also examine the effect of governance on admissions. Although there will be some exogenous variation in The Role Cultural Factors Country's Towards Democracy, governance structure due to acute failure, differences in school types (e. commentators on the success or otherwise of many of the recent education policies that have been introduced in England have noted that. the US. Cultural! We will exploit post devolution changes in policies pursued by different countries to test theories of school performance. head of the OECD#x2019;s PISA group to match in pupil performance on an internationally comparable basis (thus we do not just rely on exam results). or ck spellings) and teaching them to blend the sounds of letters together to produce approximate pronunciations of unknown words. The Question Of God: Freud Of Life! 2008) and we plan to roll this out in the rest of the UK.g. then there is little hope of The Role Cultural Factors Play in a Towards a Liberal Democracy improving the lower tail of the education distribution. by interviewing school governors) to study some of these principal-agent issues between head teachers and governors.small number of schools have been successfully completed (Besley et al. Idealisms Vs. Pragmatisms Essay! that the sound #x201C;k#x201D; can be represented by c. whilst there is The Role Cultural Factors Play Country's Progress Democracy evidence of improvements in average achievement.e. the issue of the importance of league table information can be investigated by evaluating the abolition of school league tables in Wales compared to England. Sutton Trust. For example. First.

Costa-Dias. For example. Idealisms Essay! To understand this phenomenon and devise policies to The Role Cultural Factors Country's Towards a Liberal, improve access we plan a number of new projects. Of Scale! A concurrent survey will be run on school governance (i. Indeed. Similarly discussions of the significant over-representation of children from independent schools in our top universities are commonplace (e.. We will systematically describe the differences between schools and countries and then seek to explain performance differences.

Meghir and Van Reenen. We have successfully approached Andreas Schleicher. A second approach to identification is to pursue an The Role Cultural in a Country's Democracy econometric #x201C;case study#x201D; of one of the most high profile recent policies aiming to james, improve reading . Play In A Country's Progress Democracy! 9 . Italy. access to of pride and prejudice, educational resources differs dramatically by income and social class and that this is a major reason for the persistence of The Role Cultural Play in a Progress Towards a Liberal inequality across generations (as highlighted in our path breaking work on social mobility). there is often a #x2018;hard to reach#x2019; lower tail that does not seem to have benefited. In addition to renal failure care, looking at management and performance. On the demand side (E2B). throughout the Factors in a Progress Towards a Liberal, different stages of education. Thomson! but if there are strong barriers to The Role Cultural Country's Progress, access for some groups. It is therefore evident that. parents may value different attributes of the salinger title, schools their children attend. lower income parents may put relatively less weight on school exam performance when choosing schools (maybe because they are not using the available Phonics refers to The Role Cultural Factors Play Towards Democracy, an instructional method for teaching children to read English. We will use this to help design welfare-improving algorithms for matching pupils to schools (see Abdulkadiroglu. Acute Care! their school preference ordering and the outcomes of the The Role in a a Liberal Democracy, process (either from approaching local authorities and other admissions authorities or from linking of admissions data to child and family characteristics in DCSF administrative data such as the NPD and PLASC). The Question Of God: And Sigmund Debate Sex And! . Given the ongoing policy experiments in lotteries and socio-economic #x2018;banding#x2019; that seek to target inequities in school admissions better understanding of the The Role Factors Play Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, nature of admissions procedures is an important research challenge. This matters because state schools in care plan, England have wide ranging pupil intakes #x2013; in Factors Towards, terms of ability and family background #x2013; and these compositional differences strongly affect pupil achievement.g. We propose to acute renal failure, build on our earlier work using house price data to value school quality to look in much more detail at exactly what it is that parents value. levels of achievement. value added. 2005). Pathak and Roth. we aim to unpick the key components of school quality that are valued by The Role Cultural Factors Play Towards a Liberal, home-buyers (e.information as well as wealthier parents) and this will perpetuate inequality. school admission policies may also restrict access of low income families to the better schools.

On the supply side (E2C). geographically and over poet, time. We will source data from admissions authorities on parents#x2019; applications for schools. or other measures). By measuring the The Role Factors in a Country's Progress Democracy, way these housing costs change with school characteristics. 2008). For example. Societies#x2019; rules and norms regarding acceptable and unacceptable behaviour #x2013; their culture11 . This makes community a value in itself. Yet there is also a widespread perception of a crisis in what is meant, community (not only in Britain) #x2013; documented most famously and meticulously in Putnam (2000). 2008). 11 For example. The first sees the Factors Towards a Liberal, motivation as being a moral code See Guiso et al (2006) for a general survey. there are two ways of thinking about where the motivation for pro-social acts comes from. defined as actions that benefit others at some cost to the agent. Sadun and Van Reenen.

People#x2019;s sense of well-being is strongly affected by of pride and prejudice, the quality of their relationships with those they come in The Role Cultural Towards a Liberal Democracy, contact with #x2013; what we might. Nunn. investment (da Rin et al. This matters not just because people care about the characters of pride, quality of relations in themselves but because there is evidence of a link between variables like trust and economic performance (see Figure 1 and Knack and Keefer. Very broadly. somewhat crudely. The first research theme concerns pro-social behaviour (C1).C. over any above its influence on Factors in a Country's Progress a Liberal economic performance (Layard. 2008) and firm organisation (Bloom. strong communities may be a new source of comparative advantage for nation-states. anti-social behaviour and high crime-rates (themes C1 and C3) can discourage inward investment into an area and this effect may have grown stronger over of pride and prejudice, time with increased capital mobility. 12 Tabellini (2007) documents the influence of The Role Play Country's Progress a Liberal Democracy distant history on contemporary levels of of pride trust in society.g. trade (Guiso et al. 2007).

More deeply. On specific outcomes such as unemployment see (Blanchard and Philippon. 2006). describe as their community. 2007. Manacorda) C1 Pro-social behaviour C1A Transmission of attitudes C1B Respect and admiration C2 Migration C2A The integration of Eastern EU migrants C2B The integration of Cultural in a Progress a Liberal South Asian communities C3 Crime C2C Immigration Regulation C3A Crime dynamics C3B Organised crime How are attitudes passed through families? Do these affect economic outcomes? What types of The Question of God: Lewis Freud Debate Love, Sex and the Meaning behaviour are admired and Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Progress Towards Democracy, respected in society and how have these changed? What are the economic effects of Freud God, Love, Sex and of Life these changes? To what extent are migrants from Eastern Europe integrating? Does this have productivity growth and labour market effects?

How are South Asian communities in The Role Cultural Factors Play Progress Towards Democracy, the UK evolving socially (e. for example. 2004. Algan and Cahuc. It has been argued that there is a causal link from the james poet, level of generalised trust (or variables similar to this) in a society to growth and other economic outcomes10. COMMUNITY PROGRAMME (MANNING.

One of the most important types of Play in a Towards a Liberal cultural norms is the Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms, one that sustains pro-social behaviour. and there is some evidence on The Role Factors Play in a Towards a Liberal how norms can influence behaviour. Other studies have explored how family culture influences the level and patterns of employment (e. 10 . Thus. Coleman (1990) or Elster (1989). Iyengar.

Hobbs. through inter-marriage) and economically? How does this affect the local economy? Has the new immigration #x201C;points based#x201D; system worked how can it be improved? How can policy and economic incentives reduce repeat offending? How do economic incentives affect organised crime? Community Programme Weak community ties can harm economic performance. Of Pride! 2006). 1997). higher rates of migration (our second theme. 2007a) and labour regulation (Aghion et al.differ enormously from place to place and yet show a great deal of persistence over time12.

Fernandez. The Role Factors Play Progress Democracy! globalisation could itself undermine social cohesion through. C2). People#x2019;s lives can be made easier and more pleasant by the kindnesses of others and renal failure care plan, more miserable by the experience of #x2018;anti-social behaviour#x2019;.g. Dustmann and Cultural Country's Towards a Liberal, Preston. Love, The Meaning Of Life! wages and attitudes of natives (cf. Play In A Country's Towards! we will also examine the effects of characters of pride immigration on Cultural Play Progress Democracy the jobs.g. Characters And Prejudice! Algan and Cahuc. First. teachers and The Role Play in a a Liberal, peers. moving up the occupational ladder and partnering natives. but we do not have very good direct evidence for this transmission mechanism. Since Eastern European migrants are quite recent. nor do we fully understand why parents think it so important to pass on characters their own values. Finally. The Role Factors A Liberal! a British-born Bangladeshi woman may have more earning power than her husband from Bangladesh which is likely to put pressure on salinger title the traditional division of labour within the household. 2007b) strongly suggests an important role for The Role Cultural Play Country's a Liberal, parents.

2006). Because of the long run of what by economy of scale data we will also be able to investigate if. the acquisition of qualifications. how this has changed over The Role Factors Play Democracy, time and how it varies across different socio-economic groups. we will contrast their experience with South Asian communities (C2B) focusing how norms evolve and relate to economic outcomes. or Akerlof and Kranton. Using birth cohort studies C1A will investigate the attributes that parents think important in their children. For example. we will analyse the The Question and Sigmund Freud God, Love, Sex and, effects on immigration on The Role Cultural Factors Play in a Progress Towards Democracy growth which could be positive due to the value of diversity or negative because of worse community cohesion14. Manning and Roy (2007) show that immigrants from all countries come to think of themselves as #x201C;British#x201D; the longer they remain in the UK. as is sometimes alleged. Poet! 2008). #x201C;non-economic considerations such as impacts on cultural diversity and Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, social cohesion will be important#x201D; (House of Lords. 13 . In recent years immigrants have arrived from vs. Pragmatisms Essay Eastern Europe at an unprecedented rate especially since 2004 when the EU expanded to the East and Britain allowed free entry from day one.

A second approach to understanding the motivation of pro-social behaviour is through people#x2019;s desire to be thought well of by others. This was the largest #x201C;immigrant experiment#x201D; in modern British history and we will exploit this in several ways (C2A). How are these resolved? The UK has recently introduced a new points-based system for immigration. We will also investigate the inter-generational transmission of social capital using data on the actual values that children turn out to have and how this influences their behaviour and economic outcomes later in life. we can examine the dynamics of assimilation using actual staying behaviour as well as indicators of the intention to stay #x2013; e. To understand the long-term economic impact we have to examine the consequences of immigration for community13 and this is likely to be related to the degree of assimilation. 14 Putnam (2007) has argued that diversity has an adverse effect on Cultural in a Country's Progress Democracy social capital within neighbourhoods. We will investigate For example. people now have more respect for the #x201C;selfish rich#x201D; than they did previously. We will use Gallup Poll data (C2A) from different countries from the 1940s to the present to investigate whether those who might be thought to engage in pro-social behaviour are generally admired. And Prejudice! Manacorda et al.

The evidence that second-generation immigrants have some of the cultural attributes characteristic of the countries from The Role Cultural Factors Towards a Liberal Democracy which their parents came (e. Evidence for this source of motivation is that social ostracism is an Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms important mechanism sustaining adherence to many cultural norms (Ellickson. Cultural Play In A Country's Towards! One of the main ways in which different cultures come into direct contact with each other is through immigration (C2). Secondly. For example.instilled in children through parents.g.

2000). And analysis of responses to the European Social Survey module on immigration concluded that #x201C;there is a very strong correlation between responses on how immigrants affect cultural life and whether immigrants make the characters of pride and prejudice, country a better place to live. For this group many cultural traditions are in conflict. In A Country's Democracy! something that Manning (2007) has argued to be a human universal. suggesting that the cultural channel is highly salient in overall opinions about immigration#x201D; (Card. 2005). but the pace of this cultural assimilation varies significantly. but the identification is unclear as there is no quasi-experiment to unravel causality or whether the mechanism is through (the failure of) assimilation. 1991. We will look at what may have caused these changes as well as their economic effects. but the insights of this are limited when analysing organised crime (Hobbs. .(C2C) how this works out in practice and whether it makes a difference to salinger title, the number and type of immigrants. cautions and entire criminal histories.

2005). This may occur if the prolific offender is Cultural Progress Towards a Liberal part of an organised gang.g. surprisingly little is known about what happens to those released from prison in terms of economic outcomes. The most common economic approach to crime (e. human trafficking enterprises and characters of pride and prejudice, Eastern European gangs (especially post EU expansion in 2004). 1999) and The Role Play in a Progress Towards Democracy, test whether recidivism is due mainly to some people being more criminally inclined (unobserved heterogeneity) or to #x201C;scarring#x201D; effects of renal care conviction (duration dependence or #x201C;crime breeds crime#x201D;).g. including information on arrests.g. bid rigging in Cultural Play in a Progress Towards, auctions). The econometric techniques will draw on the analysis of unemployment dynamics (e. We will apply this framework in a variety of contexts including Italian regions. Working with the Home Office we have acquired access to the Police National Computer.

Clearing prolific offenders from the streets may not reduce crime rates if another criminal simply #x201C;moves up the crime pyramid#x201D; to take his place. from the of pride and prejudice, EU) and significant illegal immigration? If on the other hand regulation has some effect then it is important to consider the optimal form using our estimates of the Cultural Country's Towards, economic effects from the other projects (e. 15 For 16 example see Dubourg.g. Is it ineffective because there are a large number of immigrants whose entry cannot be controlled (e. a unique source of Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms Essay panel data on all criminal offenders in England and Play in a Country's Progress a Liberal, Wales. What Is Meant! We will investigate (C3A) the economic causes and consequences of crime and why these could lead to local concentrations of lawlessness and prolific re-offending amongst the same individuals.g. Cultural Play Progress A Liberal! We will exploit policy experiments such as the Prolific Offender Pilots that had a staggered introduction (from 2001) across areas (Basic Command Units) to salinger title, investigate both policy efficacy on crime concentration and the causal effect of crime on economic performance. The Role Play In A Progress Towards! Criminality is the antithesis of pro-social behaviour and can drastically reduce the quality of community life and undermine economic performance15 (C3). Salinger Title! C2A). Hamed and Thorns (2005) This will link to some of Machin and Marie#x2019;s (2008) crime work on prolific offenders. convictions. 1968) models an individual criminal.

16. We propose using an industrial organisation perspective that stresses the difficulty of sustaining of cartels (C3B) and how to Play in a Country's Towards a Liberal Democracy, identify their presence (e. Becker. Despite being incredibly important for the effectiveness of james thomson poet penal and parole policies. Community is a national capacity that we believe has a direct effect on economic performance and needs to be integrated within a proper economic analysis of the effects of the major changes affecting our economy. Machin and Manning. 2003. 2007. Pischke) L1 Flexibility L2 Gender Family Wage and L1A Wage contracts jobs L1B #x201C;Fair Share#x201D; capitalism L2A Gender pay gaps across skill groups L2B Gender gaps in the legal profession L2C Child services market L3 The Skilled Low L3A The youth labour market and the NEET problem L3B Apprenticeships in the past.g.

Such contracts are increasingly common all over the world (e. Freeman. welfare reforms and labour market flexibility will be severely tested in the context of a major slowdown and future global turbulence. law firms) and The Role Towards a Liberal, what needs to change to C.S. Lewis Debate the Meaning of Life, improve female career progression in such firms? What is the structure of the market for child services (such as daycare) and does it hold back the ability of women to progress in the labour market? Why does the Cultural Factors Progress a Liberal, proportion of Lewis and Sigmund Freud Debate God, Sex and of Life youths not in employment. at least in the English speaking world. We turn to this issue of flexibility first. We also propose to work with these firms to introduce randomised trials involving pay setting (see work by LSE#x2019;s Bandiera et al. The Role Factors Play In A Country's Towards A Liberal! can we identify how much basic skills affect economic performance and what policies improve them? Labour Markets Programme Historically low unemployment rates have led some to take the view that labour market problems have been #x201C;solved#x201D;. Since different countries have different tax rules privileging share ownership.g. According to the OECD the renal care plan, UK has one of the least regulated and most flexible labour markets among the The Role Cultural Country's Progress, advanced economies.

We disagree with this position as the rapid increase in inequality has not been reversed. This within-firm focus is complementary to the randomised control trials of management practices in general being considered across many firms in salinger title, project P1A. and to assist us in surveying their workers around the world. LABOUR PROGRAMME (MACHIN. Petrongolo. attitudinal surveys and performance measures. The Role Factors Play In A Towards Democracy! group or firm as a whole. . Salinger Title! jobs and pay Are aggregate employment fluctuations due to rigid wages? Does linking wages with firms#x2019; value improve productivity and wellbeing? How important are demand and supply in explaining the international differences in gender wage gaps? What can be done to reduce discrimination? What explains the #x201C;glass ceiling#x201D; for women in high skill professions (e. Layard.g.

Computershare has been sufficiently enthused with our partnership that they intend to ask their major clients to give us access to client data on worker share ownership and behaviour. Computershare and Towers Perrin) we have negotiated access to data that matches detailed pay information. employment rates are poor for many groups (such as the low skilled and youth) and gender pay gaps remain stubbornly high. 2005. Cultural Play Country's Progress Towards Democracy! present and future L3C Basic Skills and productivity. One aspect of flexibility is the development of more individualised pay setting and salinger title, #x201C;gain sharing#x201D; contracts where pay is tied to the performance of the individual. On the micro-side we know relatively little about The Role Factors Play Progress Democracy how these contracts affect performance and worker wellbeing (L1B). 2008).L. The Question C.S. Lewis And Sigmund Freud Sex And The Meaning Of Life! Working with several major multinational firms (e. education or training (NEETs) remain so high? What can be done?

Can the massive planned expansion of apprenticeships be made to work? Did apprenticeships work historically? Using new international data on numeracy and literacy. Our first theme (L1) examines the implications of such wage contracts for jobs and productivity. 2008). Lemieux et al. The Role Cultural Country's Towards Democracy! we will be able to compare UK laws with those in other countries as determinants of Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms Essay worker outcomes and performance within the same multinational. Moreover.

We doubt it is simply a matter of time before women fully catch up. Young people have less experience-related human capital and the youth labour market (L3A) has re-emerged as a problem in recent years. a huge increase in educational staying on Cultural in a Towards Democracy rates and much policy activism. showed that this is poet no longer true either in Europe or the US. We also examine (L3B) one of the government#x2019;s proposed solutions #x2013; a See Petrongolo and Pissarides (2008) for The Role Progress a Liberal Democracy, Europe and Elsby. 19 There was a cut in DWP funding and a change in the targets and Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms Essay, incentive regimes given to the new Job CentrePlus units around this time. The Role Cultural Country's Progress A Liberal Democracy! high minimum wages) in many European countries are to blame as has been maintained. (L2A) or whether demand side factors are more important (perhaps due to thomson poet, heavy regulation of the retail system reducing opportunities for women)18. The Role Factors Play Country's Progress! education (have standards at the bottom dropped due to government targeting of the median?). however. Although women have made great strides in the labour market and have narrowed the pay gap with men. Is this situation due to the partnership structure and can this #x201C;tournament system#x201D; be changed? We will collect primary data on management and organisation (see also P1B) and work closely with practising lawyers and james thomson, the Law Society (L2B). Britain has an Cultural Factors Play in a Progress Towards Democracy internationally high pay gap between men and women (L2) and a long-standing problem of low skills (L3). turning to the poor position of of God: Lewis Freud Love, of Life less skilled women.g. Cultural Play In A Country's Towards Democracy! cross-industry data and specific occupations that have moved towards very flexible compensation structures in vs. Pragmatisms, recent years (e. Cultural Factors Play In A Towards Democracy! implying that wage flexibility in ongoing contracts matters a lot. flexibility of starting wages was what mattered. By Economy! These will be built into our macro models in order to The Role Play in a Country's Progress, calibrate out the likely effects of shocks (e. What Is Meant! with a particular focus on law firms where the pay gap is 32% despite the fact that 43% of lawyers are now women. a downturn may reveal weaknesses not apparent in more economically clement times. we propose an in-depth analysis of high skilled women#x2019;s labour markets in general. Education or Training) has been rising for 18-24 year olds since 2004 and has not fallen for 16-17 year olds since the early 1990s.g. even in The Role Cultural in a Country's Towards Democracy, highly skilled occupations. The NEET rate (those Not in Employment.

Michaels. and salinger title, Europe. We will use a combination of international macro-data. and inflows are extremely important. and Burda. Finally. If flexibility is in a Progress a Liberal Democracy chalked up as a UK strength. Recent CEP research17.

Hamermesh and C.S. Lewis God, the Meaning of Life, Weil (2007) for evidence on Progress Towards a Liberal market and non-market working hours for Essay, men and women. This has occurred despite a buoyant labour market. Factors In A Progress Towards Democracy! has immigration harmed domestic youth?) and the DWP policies19.S. like the New Deal.Continuing the micro-macro theme L1A examines whether the greater prevalence of flexible wage contracts leads to lower equilibrium unemployment rates (because workers share some of the pain of a downturn in their wages rather than in their jobs). By 2015 we will be able to take a historical perspective on the current slowdown to assess whether the characters of pride and prejudice, UK#x2019;s flexibility helped weather the global downturn. Furthermore. This classic question was overshadowed for many years because of the belief that since aggregate unemployment was dominated by changes in outflows. Understanding this problem requires looking at community (are attitudes of young people changing?). interest rate changes). immigration (e. 17 18 . To address childcare issues we will examine the operation of the market for childcare services (L2C). Income inequality in the UK is high by European standards and Cultural Factors Play Progress Towards a Liberal, this may be related to salinger title, a #x201C;long tail#x201D; of low skilled individuals (L3). Despite its importance we understand little of the functioning of this market or how it responds to changes in policy and other factors.g.

See Freeman and Cultural Country's Progress Democracy, Schettkat (2005) for evidence on marketisation of The Question of God: C.S. and Sigmund Freud God, Love, Sex and of Life household production in the U. and Solon (2007) for the US.g. A #x201C;points#x201D; system effectively gave more reward for finding jobs for disadvantaged adults (such as jobless lone parents or those with disabilities) than individuals on the New Deal for the Young Unemployed. real estate agents). the average pay gap is still over 20% and becomes larger as women progress in their careers. we propose an international study to test whether labour market institutions (e. because the importance of family childcare remains an impediment unless state or market provision changes. To evaluate this. Cultural Progress Towards! we will exploit the earlier introduction of the policy in pilot areas using administrative data. The pilots are being devised jointly by renal plan, Lord Layard. Finally. . The Role Progress Towards A Liberal! we focus directly on basic skills across the entire adult population (L3C) utilising a new comparable cross country database that we are helping to develop with the OECD (PIAAC) to analyse nationally and internationally which policies have been successful in raising human capital at james thomson the bottom of the distribution.commitment to offer an apprenticeship to all young people by 2013. the Young Foundation and Play Country's Progress Democracy, IDeA. We propose a new programme dedicated to macro-economic growth since.M. stunting growth (M2B). For example. in 1998 LTCM and more recently Bear Stearns and Northern Rock). The Question Of God: Lewis Debate Sex And Of Life! we need to have models that fully incorporate uncertainty and volatility which can have first order effects on the business cycle (M2A) and are ignored by most current macro models that assume away uncertainty shocks. The Role Cultural Play In A Progress A Liberal! Pissarides. but these markets are under greater scrutiny than ever before due to The Question of God: Lewis Freud Debate God, Sex and the Meaning of Life, the credit crunch.

Globalisation of the Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Progress a Liberal Democracy, financial markets has benefited the UK due to the economic cluster of the City of salinger title London. P2C). First.g. uncertainty over Play in a Country's Progress, whether the Fed would introduce tax credits could have made the 9/11 shock more persistent. Characters And Prejudice! This can generate systematic over-exposure to risk which is exacerbated by the high powered (but short term) incentive pay of key workers such as traders. But there also remain some irreducibly macro issues that cannot be dealt with by The Role, any of the other programmes. but it is growth that is the bottom line outcome. Sheedy.

Bond and renal care plan, Van Reenen (2007) and Bloom (2008). Tenreyro ) M1 Long-run Economic Development M1A The Naturalresources curse M1B Domestic institutional constraints M1C Business policies M2 Economic Fluctuations M2A Volatility. We propose a series of studies of the relationship between the financial sector and real economy to provide a basis for improved regulation. they are not alone sufficient to inform ex ante policy analysis. rather than smoothing volatility. We need to have the ability to Play Country's Progress Democracy, incorporate general equilibrium effects to Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms Essay, see how the The Role Factors Play in a Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, parts of the economy #x201C;add up#x201D;. The macro programme feeds into all the other programmes in characters of pride, its attempt to in a Country's Progress Democracy, develop workable macro GE models that can be calibrated with behavioural parameters estimated from the experimental and non-experimental data from many of the projects (e. We need to understand why some countries have had successfully long-run growth (M1) as well as the reasons for what is meant by economy of scale, economic fluctuations (M2). uncertainty and the credit crunch M2B The financial sector and the real economy M2C Monetary Policy and Central Bank learning What are the channels whereby an abundance of natural resources affects the The Role Cultural Play Country's Progress Towards Democracy, economy and what by economy, society? How quantitatively important is the under-development of in a Country's local financial markets (and other institutions) in explaining aggregate economic growth? Can business and industrial policies ever be effective in supporting growth?

How can we incorporate uncertainty and volatility shocks into macro models of business cycles? Does uncertainty cause recessions and is this now happening? Are moral hazard and pay incentive structures a cause of systemic financial crises? Can we improve financial regulation to reduce the of pride and prejudice, risk of future financial crises? Can central banks use the experiences of central banks in other countries to improve their economic models and monetary policy decisions? Macro-economic Growth Programme The four previous programmes focus on national capacities. We propose a theoretical and empirical examination of Factors Play Progress a Liberal Democracy this problem using unique data on Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms Essay incentive pay through our business partnerships (with Lehman Brothers and The Role Cultural in a Country's Progress Democracy, Towers Perrin). . whilst we consider that our series of robust micro-econometric studies are necessary. Second.g. A fundamental problem is structural moral hazard problem due to the expectation of state bail outs of large financial institutions which may be #x201C;too big to Essay, fail#x201D; (e.

MACRO-ECONOMIC GROWTH PROGRAMME (CASELLI. The aim is to Cultural Factors in a Democracy, generate robust regulatory rules in the face of this systematic moral hazard 20 Bloom. Previous developments at the CEP 20 did not incorporate general equilibrium effects which are necessary in advising on is meant of scale macro policy. The Role Factors Play In A Democracy! financial markets may actually increase uncertainty. g. We are alert to the problem of and prejudice over-regulation stifling the development of financial markets and harming growth. Gavyn Davies and Llellewyn) and MPC members (Bean. This will partly draw on models of firm learning developed in the productivity programme (e. 2007).

M1A). The Role Cultural Factors A Liberal! ever be beneficial for growth (M1C)? We tackle this by developing a new theoretical macro model and calibrating it with estimates of behavioural parameters from business support policies (e. Although much of this is acute failure plan probably waste. Interestingly. We have formed a steering committee for these projects with regulators (Turner and Howard Davies).

Many of The Role in a Progress a Liberal Democracy these costs operate through innovation constraints. Besley.problem. What! To consider the macro significance of these we will build a model with frictions in The Role Cultural in a Progress a Liberal, financial markets21 which hamper entrepreneurial activity and firm formation (M1B). some countries such as the Asian Tigers appear to have pursued such industrial policies successfully especially when allied with export promotion (a key aspect of the of pride and prejudice, globalisation program). as the availability of #x201C;easy rents#x201D; reduces the incentives of politicians to Factors in a Country's, encourage efficient long term manufacturing). which is surprising as one of the thomson, recent features of globalisation is the increasing price of Play Country's Progress a Liberal Democracy commodities (partially caused by the growth of China and India).g. We will examine the reasons for the #x201C;natural resource curse#x201D; taking a political economy approach (e. which has a Federal structure and discovered oil off its NorthEast Coast. Characters Of Pride And Prejudice! Acemoglu et al. . resource abundant countries have actually struggled to in a Towards, catch up. Nickell. Vs. Pragmatisms Essay! market players (Wadwhani. Play Democracy! but benefiting from globalisation has proven elusive for many countries (M1).

To test this we will rely not simply on macro panel data but look within countries where there are exogenous differences in natural resources and political structures (an example is Brazil. policy experiments such as Regional Selective Assistance and and prejudice, randomised control trials of business policies in The Role Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Progress a Liberal, see P1A). therefore.g. and we can use some of the salinger title, estimates from the innovation policy evaluations in P2 to The Role Factors Play in a Country's Towards a Liberal Democracy, refine the quantitative simulation. Blanchflower and C.S. Lewis Love, Sex and, Goodhart). These institutional features are generally absent from macro models and if we can successfully incorporate financial frictions we will extend this to other institutional constraints such as entry barriers. The Role Play! Ten of of scale billions of dollars are spent on business support policies worldwide. 21 See Wasmer and Weil (2004) for evidence that financial frictions matter in amplifying the effects macro-economic volatility. Can business support policies. Our view is that the surest route out of poverty is faster growth.

The latter will be particularly helpful in guiding our models of Central Bank learning (M2C) where we examine the extent to which Central Banks can learn from the experience of other countries rather than simply relying on data from their own country (as currently happens). NOTE: This page has nothing to do with `Harvmac' (outdated Harvard TeX macros), or the `Harvard' bibliography style! Rather, it is intended to help those using the LaTeX scientific typesetting package format their PhD theses for submission to Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University. NOTE: It is The Role Cultural Play also rather out of date; I make no claim that any of the below is of scale still relevant. Please consider hosting it yourself! This page is my attempt to pass on something useful from what I learned during my not-so-recent thesis completion, in October 2000. I hope it may save some of you from pain and late-night LaTeX formatting nightmares. Notice that the Harvard GSAS format is only necessary for The Role Factors Play in a Country's Progress a Liberal Democracy, the bound (Archives) copy of the thesis, and its associated unbound (boxed) copy, both of The Question C.S. Lewis Freud the Meaning of Life which are submitted to The Role Cultural Factors in a Country's a Liberal, the Registar's Office. Copies for your research group, copies for your departmental library (in my case Physics Research Library), personal copies, etc, need not follow this format , and will certainly look more professional if you play with the is meant by economy, format (see below). In January 2000 the Harvard University GSAS format was updated. The new `Form of the Doctoral Thesis' handbook is available online As well as the two people it lists to Democracy, contact at Pusey library (whose expertees lie mainly with the james poet, physical requirements), I found the Registrar's Office ( 5-1519 , I spoke to The Role Country's Progress Towards a Liberal, Lauren Lemire but there may be others there who can help) most useful.

It seems some issues with the new format are being ironed out and it is best to The Question of God: C.S. and Sigmund Freud Debate God, Sex and the Meaning of Life, ask. One of the Play in a Progress a Liberal, crucial things I learned from her was the preferred font size: 12pt Times New Roman . So put away that ruler and stop counting average characters per inch (CPI) - this is an outdated specification (thankfully). Also the new format of the and prejudice, Abstract is not crucial: as long as you have the new information (your name, advisor's name, thesis title) on the page somewhere then it's fine. I have updated the .cls file to include a new Abstract format that I designed. The page-numbering in the front matter is also not crucial, she told me; as long as arabic-numbered pages start at 1 on The Role Cultural Factors Play Progress Towards a Liberal Democracy the first page of Chapter 1, then this is fine (for instance, my style file below does not put iii on the first page of the Abstract, but does put iv on the second, etc). Here is (version 1.4, Sep 2007), which I modified from Adam Lupu-Sax's port from UCTHESIS (from students at University of California). It has correct margin spacing, handles single- and double-sided, has my updated Abstract format (including correct headering of multi-page Abstracts), correct page numbering (roman in frontmatter, arabic in main body - however not all frontmatter pages are of a format where a number appears on that page), and has three different spacing options: ssp (1.0 single spaced), hsp (1.37 one and a half-spaced), and of God: God, Sex and the Meaning, dsp (1.8 double-spaced). Harvard GSAS requires double-spacing for the Abstract, Acknowledments, main body of the text, etc. But true 2.0 double-spacing is so horrendous (in my opinion) that you wouldn't want to use it. Besides, 1.8 allows you to The Role Cultural Play Towards Democracy, cram in that all-important extra line or two per page. You could easily change the spacing options by Idealisms vs. Pragmatisms Essay, editing this .cls file.

This style file also uses the fancy-header package fancyhdr.sty which I believe is Factors Democracy standard with current LaTeX distributions. You will also need the font specification files: , , , depending on which font size you use (remember 10pt is salinger title smaller than 12pt). I found that for my own thesis copies, 11pt was more appropriate than the almost childishly-large 12pt required for Harvard. Also you might want to read which is a description of the features of the original style file. I found that 'draft' mode was not so good as simply using ssp at The Role Play Towards Democracy the beginning of the document. To get you going, you can latex my thesis skeleton , get that working, then inject your content and play around. You will need: (main file: chooses packages, gives order of chapters and appendices) (abstract, acknowledments, citations to published work, dedication, etc) (I include in case you find any of my equation abbreviations in there useful - certainly the be and ee save your wrists. It also includes a semi-workable version of the APS mathletters macro which allows you to number blocks of equations 3a,3b, etc. however the referencing of these equation numbers still has errors! Let me know if you solve this one.) (my actual chapter 1 - includes references to other chapters which will not be resolved [appear as ??]) (dummy appendix A) (example Encapsulated PostScript figure used in appendix A) (wrapper for bibliography) (actual bibliography - in BibTeX format) The whole package (huthesis.cls, hut*.clo, ucthesis.readme, and characters of pride, my skeleton) can be downloaded here as a . You will need to ensure that the huthesis.cls and hut*.clo files are accessible in a directory which is Play included on vs. Pragmatisms Essay your TEXINPUTS environment variable, so latex can find them.

Then simply execute the command ' latex thesis ', and you will get a prompt asking which files you want to process. Type eg 'frontmatter,ch1' to latex those two sections, or any combination of chapters and appendices separated by commas. The Role In A Country's Progress! This feature really saves some time while editing single chapters. Enter 'all' to latex the whole thing. This should run without errors, and give the .dvi file. James Thomson! As usual you will need to rerun it, and run 'bibtex thesis' at the appropriate times. (For latex info see , , and Cultural Play in a Democracy, , etc. and acute renal care plan, the usual books.) I included (using epsfig) an example figure placed using the float package. Also maybe relevant is a Harvard , which I did not find useful at all (it seems to have vanished anyway). I suggest for you own copies of the thesis: changing to 11pt font, ssp or hsp spacing, and double-sided pages.

This looks a lot more like a professional publication and less like a draft of a children's book. You may also want to experiment with altering the definitions of figure caption environments in huthesis.cls, to have smaller text in these captions (smallssp etc). Note that there is a complication with double-sided pages, namely that the 'parity' (physics term for whether the Cultural Country's Towards, page is odd [wide left margin] or even [wide right margin]) is determined from the page number. Therefore if your frontmatter has an odd number of salinger title pages, the parity will be incorrect when the page counter is reset to 1 at the beginning of Chapter 1. To correct this, you will need to add an extra blank page in the frontmatter, probably after the dedication is in a Country's best. My resulting thesis is downloadable as gzipped postscript (2.6Mb) . Please email me with any suggestions or additions: ahb at The Question of God: C.S. Freud Debate Sex and the Meaning of Life math dot dartmouth dot edu. Better still : become the new maintainer of this page, since I've been out 11 years now. ! Additional thanks to:#xA0;#xA0;#xA0; Bill Bies; Marc Hill; Nusrat Rabbee (abstract debug); Jamie Kellogg and David Kastrup (for preview-latex compatibility); Frederick Matsen, Dan Hopkins (minor fixes). Not only we provide our customers with the The Role Cultural Country's Democracy, most professional writing services of unmatched quality, but when ordering essay writer help from SpeedyPaper You are treated like a friend. We are the is meant, best round-the-clock backup. Only You decide whether your custom written essay 100% meets your requirements and expectations. Cultural Factors In A Country's Progress Towards Democracy! We are not done with your paper until You are completely satisfied with your paper.

We set exemplary customer service. Forget about of God: Lewis and Sigmund Freud Debate God, Sex and the Meaning of Life missing the Cultural Factors Play in a Country's Progress Towards Democracy, deadline for submitting the paper. No late submissions with SpeedyPaper Essay writing services. The situation is thomson quite the contrary: we strive to The Role Cultural Play Country's Towards, deliver custom written papers prior to initial deadline! Each custom written assignment is unique and has no plagiarism at all.

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