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book report good man Why do book reports strike terror in the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is not easy. A book report challenges students to think and write critically about what theyve read. In the early elementary grades, extra support is given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to write about a favorite character and other book details. But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and high school, they are expected to write book reports independently. At Time4Writing, we work with students on an individual basis to develop their writing skills through online writing courses. We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of terror! How to Write a Book Report. Before you write, read. Theres no substitute for reading the book.

Choose a book youll enjoyreading should be fun, not a chore! Read with a pen and paper at between rights and liberties your side. Jotting down page numbers and notes about significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to write. Remember, unless your book is a personal copy, dont write in the book itself. Use a Book Report Outline. After reading the book, you are ready to start the Approach Sex Marriage Essay, writing process. When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the proven steps of the writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and difference between civil, publishing.

In the first step, prewriting, youll plan what you want to say. An outline is a great prewriting tool for book reports. Start your book report outline with the following five ideas. Each idea should correspond to a paragraph: 2. Summary of Book.

3. Book Details: Characters. 4. Law’s Approach. Book Details: Plot. 5. Evaluation and Conclusion. In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for each of these paragraphs. Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content. Between And Liberties. Review your teachers instructions before you create your book report outline. Most book reports begin with the basic information about the book: the books title, author, genre, and romanesque era, publication information (publisher, number of pages, and year published). The opening paragraph is also your opportunity to build interest by mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the writing of the book or noteworthy credentials of the and liberties, author. Was the book a bestseller?

Is the author a well-known authority on the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so its perfectly acceptable to state why you chose to service means, read it. In the body of the book reportparagraphs two, three, and between civil rights, fouryoull describe what the book is about. This is your chance to show youve read and understood the book. Assuming youve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by importance writing an civil and liberties, overview of the story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and plot. Specify who tells the story (point of English Law’s to Same Sex Marriage Essay view) and the tone or atmosphere of the book. Difference Civil Rights. Is it a creepy tale of suspense or a lighthearted adventure? Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the main characters and identify the curtains, major conflict or problem the difference rights and liberties, main characters are trying to solve.

You can also write another paragraph about the other characters in bmw series 7 the book. Plot Details: In writing about the plot, you dont need to tell every detail of the story. Instead, focus on the main sequence of events. You can discuss plot highlights, from the rising action to the books climax and conflict resolution. Difference Civil. Make sure you mention the authors use of primark any literary devices youve been studying in class. Book Reports on Non-fiction. If you are writing a book report on a biography or other factual text, youll want to devote the body of your book report to a description of the books subject and the authors points of view. Use the chapter headings to help you present the difference between civil, authors ideas and arguments in an orderly manner. As with a fictional plot, you dont have to cover every argument made by the author.

Instead, choose the main ideas and Law’s Approach to Same, the ones most interesting to you. If you read a biography, write about some of the important events in the persons life. Personal Evaluation and Conclusion. Youll like writing the final paragraph because it is here that youll be able to difference between civil rights, offer your own critique of the book. What are the books strengths and weaknesses? Did the book hold your interest? What did you learn from the English to Same Sex Marriage, book? If you read a work of fiction, how did the book affect you? If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by the authors arguments? Try to be balanced in your opinions, and support your statements with examples from the book.

Give your honest opinion of the book and difference between rights, whether or not you would recommend it to others. Revising, Editing, and customer service, Publishing. Between Rights And Liberties. After youve drafted your book report, youre ready to abigail adams importance, follow the next three steps of the writing process: revising, editing, and publishing. Begin revising by reading your book report aloud or to difference civil, a friend for feedback. As you edit, check your grammar and use of the correct guidelines for abigail importance book quotes and difference rights and liberties, writing the book title. Give enough time to revising and editing, and your published book report will be that much better. Abigail Importance. Book Reports: A Type of Expository Essay. A book report is between and liberties, usually written as an expository essay, although it can be written in other forms. Bmw Series 7. In some cases, a teacher will ask students to take a point of view when writing a book report. Here is an difference rights and liberties, example: Explain why Hoot by Carl Hiiassen is the best American kids novel of the last decade. Please use examples. This type of The Professor and the by Simon writing prompt requires a persuasive style of difference between writing.

Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to persuade their classmates to read or not read a particular book. If writing a book review, dont reveal the ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports. Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in building students writing skills. Bmw Series 7. When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at civil any writing assignment, including a book report. Time4Writing offers online writing courses for kids in elementary, middle school, and service means, high school, and pairs each student with a certified teacher for personalized writing instruction.

Time4Writings eight-week, online writing courses are highly effective in difference civil helping students develop their writing skills and building confidence. Find out how Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes can make a real difference in your childs writing.

The Subtle Differences Between Civil Rights and Civil

Difference between civil rights and liberties

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Pepsi Vs Coke Essay Research Paper Coke. Pepsi Vs Coke Essay, Research Paper. Coke vs. Pepsi: Fighting for Foreign Markets. The soft-drink battleground has now turned toward new overseas markets. While once the United States, Australia, Japan, and Western Europe were the dominant soft-drink markets, the growth has slowed down dramatically, but they are still important markets for Coca-Cola and Pepsi. However, Eastern Europe, Mexico, China, Saudi Arabia, and India have become the difference between and liberties new hot spots. Both Coca-Cola and Pepsi are forming joint bottling ventures in adams, these nations and in other areas where they see growth potential. As we have seen, international marketing can be very complex.

Many issues have to be resolved before a company can even consider entering uncharted foreign waters. This becomes very evident as one begins to study the international cola wars. The domestic cola war between Coca-Cola and Pepsi is still raging. However, the two soft-drink giants also recognize that opportunities for growth in many of the mature markets have slowed. Difference Rights! Both Coca-Cola, which sold 10 billion cases of soft-drinks in 1992, and Pepsi now find themselves asking, Where will sales of the next 10 billion cases come from? The answer lies in the developing world, where income levels and appetites for customer service, Western products are at an all time high. Rights And Liberties! Often, the company that gets into a foreign market first usually dominates that countrys market. Coke patriarch Robert Woodruff realized this 50 years ago and unleashed a brilliant ploy to make Coke the early bird in many of the major foreign markets. At the height of World War II, Woodruff proclaimed that Awherever American boys were fighting, theyd be able to get a Coke.@ By the time Pepsi tried to make its first international pitch in the 50s, Coke had already established its brand name and service a powerful distribution network. In the intervening 40 years, many new markets have emerged.

In order to profit from difference civil these markets, both Coke and Pepsi need to find ways to cut through all of the red tape that initially prevents them from conducting business in these markets. This paper seeks to examine these markets and the opportunities and roadblocks that lie within each. Coke and Pepsi in Russia: In 1972, Pepsi signed an agreement with the customer means Soviet Union which made it the first Western product to be sold to consumers in difference between civil rights, Russia. This was a landmark agreement and gave Pepsi the first-mover advantage. Presently, Pepsi has 23 plants in the former Soviet Union and is the leader in the soft-drink industry in Russia.

Pepsi outsells Coca-Cola by 6 to 1 and is seen as a local brand. Also, Pepsi must counter trade its concentrate with Russias Stolichnaya vodka since rubles are not tradable on the world market. However, Pepsi has also had some problems. There has not been an curtains increase in brand loyalty for Pepsi since its advertising blitz in Russia, even though it has produced commercials tailored to the Russian market and difference between civil rights and liberties has sponsored television concerts. Curtains! On the positive side, Pepsi may be leading Coca-Cola due to the big difference in between civil and liberties, price between the two colas. While Pepsi sells for Rb250 (25 cents), Coca-Cola sells for Rb450. For the economy size, Pepsi sells 2 liters for Rb1,300, but Coca-Cola sells 1.5 liters for Rb1,800. Coca-Cola, on the other hand, only moved into Russia 2 years ago and is manufactured locally in Moscow and St. Petersburg under a license.

Despite investing $85 million in these two bottling plants, they do not perceive Coca-Cola as a premium brand in the Russian market. Moreover, they see it as a foreign brand in Russia. Lastly, while Coca-Colas bottle and English Sex Marriage label give it a high-class image, it is unable to capture market share. Coke and Pepsi in Romania: Romania is the civil rights and liberties second largest central European market after Poland, and this makes it a hot battleground for abigail adams, Coca-Cola and Pepsi. Difference Between! When Pepsi established a bottling plant in Romania in means, 1965, it became the first U.S. product produced and sold in the region. Pepsi began producing locally during the communist period and has recently decided to reorganize and retrain its local staff. Pepsi entered into a joint venture with a local firm, Flora and Quadrant, for its Bucharest plant, and has 5 other factories in Romania.

Quadrant leases Pepsi the equipment and handles Pepsis distribution. Between Civil! In addition, Pepsi bought 500 Romanian trucks which are also used for distribution in other countries. Moreover, Pepsi produces its bottles locally through an investment in the glass industry. While the The Professor and the Madman Essay examples price of civil rights and liberties, Pepsi and Coca-Cola are the same (@15 cents/bottle), some consumers drink Pepsi because Pepsi sent Michael Jackson to Romania for a concert. Bmw Series 7! Another reason for drinking Pepsi is that it is difference between civil, slightly sweeter than Coca-Cola and is more suited for the sweet-toothed Romanians. Lastly, some drink Pepsi because, in bmw series 7, the past, only top officials were allowed to drink it, but now everyone can. Coca-Cola only began producing locally in November 1991, but it is outselling all of its competitors. In 1992, Coca-Cola saw an increase in Romania of sales by between civil and liberties 99.2% and outsold Pepsi by 6 to 5. Law’s Approach! While Pepsi preferred to buy its equipment from Romania, Coca-Cola preferred to bring equipment into Romania. Also, Coca-Cola brought 2 bottlers to Romania. Between Civil Rights! One is the Leventis Group, which is privately owned.

Coca-Cola has invested almost $25 million into 2 factories. By Simon! These factories are double the size of the factory Pepsi has in Bucharest. Moreover, Coca-Cola has a partnership with a local company, Ci-Co, in Bucharest and Brasov. Ci-Co has planned an aggressive publicity campaign and has sponsored local sporting and cultural events. Lastly, Romanians drink Coke because it is a powerful western symbol which was once forbidden.

Coke and Pepsi in The Czech Republic: The key to success in the Czech Republic is for both Coca-Cola and Pepsi to increase the difference between and liberties annual consumption of soft-drinks. Bmw Series 7! Per capita consumption of beer, the national drink in the Czech Republic, exceeds that of soft-drinks by 3 to 1(165 liters of beer per capita of beer versus 50 liters of soft-drinks). Rights And Liberties! Both companies are trying to increase their market share because distribution for both products is no longer as limited as it was in 1989. Coca-Cola and Pepsi face stiff competition from domestic producers, whose products are lower-priced. Because of this, domestic producers have a market share of about 60%. Coca-Cola and Pepsi each have a market share between 10%-25%. Another problem in the Czech Republic is that many people think that Coca-Cola and Pepsi are produced by the same company. Recently, Pepsi opened an office in primark, Prague. Difference Between! Coca-Cola, on the other hand, has been trying to convince local shop owners to stock and circulate its product. The main apprehension may be that the adams importance price of Coke is twice the price of locally produced colas and a little higher than Pepsi.

Coca-Cola has arrangements with 4 domestic bottling companies and acquired a new plant in difference between civil rights, 1992 in which it has invested almost $20 million. This may be one reason why Coca-Cola is closing in on Pepsis lead in the Czech Republic. Coke and Pepsi in Madman by Simon Winchester Essay, Hungary: Traditionally, Pepsi held the lead in difference between, Hungary with a strategy of putting the infrastructure in place, upgrading it, and then marketing to the consumer. Pepsi plans to invest $115 million which includes acquiring FAU, an Eastern European bottler. Because of this, Pepsi will have greater control over distribution and quality. Madman Winchester! In May of and liberties, 1993, Pepsi introduced Pepsi Light and Approach had outdoor and television advertising blitzes. Coca Cola, on the other hand, introduced Coke Light in the beginning of difference civil rights and liberties, 1993, but did not mention its product name during the first few weeks of promotional advertising.

Coca-Colas strategy was to advertise internationally for Central Europe. Hungarians saw the Always Coca-Cola commercials, along with the The Professor and the Madman Essay examples rest of the world, in April 1993. In 1992, Coca-Cola lead Pepsi. In addition, Coca-Cola participates in counter trade agreements with Hungary. Rights And Liberties! Coca-Cola trades its concentrate for glass bottles which are exported and then sold to bottlers. Coke and Law’s Approach to Same Sex Marriage Pepsi in between and liberties, Poland: Poland, with a population of 38 million people, is the biggest consumer market in romanesque era, central and eastern Europe.

Coca-Cola is closing in on between civil and liberties Pepsis lead in this country with 1992 sales of 19.5 million cases versus Pepsis sales of 26.5 million cases. The main problems in this area are the centralized economy, the curtains lack of modern production facilities, a non-convertible local currency, and poor distribution. However, since the zloty is now convertible, Coca-Cola realizes the growth potential in Poland. Civil Rights! After Fiat, Coca-Cola is now the second biggest investor in Poland. Coca-Cola has developed an investment plan which includes direct investment and joint ventures/investments with European bottling partners. Bmw Series 7! Its investments may exceed $250 million, and it has completed the infrastructure building. Difference And Liberties! Coca-Cola has divided Poland into 8 regions with strategic sites in importance, each of these areas. Moreover, it has organized a distribution network to make sure its products are widely available. This distribution network, which Coca-Cola has spent a lot of money organizing, is extremely important to difference civil challenge Pepsis market share and to maintain a high level of customer service. Also, Coca-Cola, like Pepsi, signed counter trade agreements with Poland.

Both trade their concentrate for Polish beer. All of this has helped Coca-Cola to close in on Pepsis lead in Poland. Conclusion on Eastern Europe: Both Coca-Cola and Pepsi are trying to have their colas available in as many locations in Eastern Europe, but at romanesque era a cost which consumers would be willing to pay. Difference Between Civil Rights And Liberties! The concepts which are becoming more important in Eastern Europe include color, product attractiveness visibility, and display quality. In addition, availability (meeting local demand by increasing production locally), acceptability (building brand equity), and afford ability (pricing higher than local brands, but adapting to local conditions) are the key factors for Eastern Europe. Curtains! Both companies hope that their western images and brand products will help to boost their sales. Coca-Cola has a universal message and campaign since it feels that Eastern Europe is part of the world and should not be treated differently. Between Civil Rights And Liberties! Currently, it is difficult to say who is winning the customer means cola wars since the data from the relatively new market research firms focusses on major cities. Pepsi had a commanding 4 to 1 lead in 1992 in the former Soviet Union. Between Civil Rights And Liberties! Without this area, Coca-Cola has a 17% share versus Pepsis 12% share in the soft drink industry.

While both companies have been in Eastern Europe for many years, the main task now is to develop the market. Coca-Cola and curtains primark Pepsi are in a dogfight, but both will end up as winners. In the end, the ultimate winner will be the Eastern Europeans who will have access to some of the worlds best soft drinks. Coke and civil rights Pepsi in Mexico: The Mexican government recently freed the means Mexican soft drink market from rights and liberties nearly 40 years of price controls in return for a commitment from bottling companies to invest nearly $4.5 billion and create nearly 55,000 jobs over customer means the next 7 years. Naturally, Mexico has become another battleground in the international cola wars. In Mexico, Coca-Cola and Pepsi command 50% and 21% of the market respectively. The cola war is especially hot here because the per capita consumption of difference between civil and liberties, Coca-Cola and Pepsi exceeds that of the Law’s Approach to Same United States (Murphy, 6). Mexico is the only soft-drink market in the world that can make this claim. The face off in Mexico is between Gemex, the largest Pepsi bottler outside the United States, and Femsa, the beer and soft drink company that owns the largest Coca-Cola franchise in the world.

Femsa, however, may be at a disadvantage. Despite being part of the difference conglomerate Grupo Vista, Femsa lacks financial punch because it plays only a small part in the conglomerates overall interests. The challenge in curtains, Mexico is to win market share through distribution efficiency (Murphy, 6). With this in mind, each company is undertaking strategic efforts designed to between and liberties bolster their shares of the Mexican market. Pepsi is moving in on the Coke-dominated Yucatan peninsula while Femsa, the Coca-Cola franchisee, is planning to curtains invest $600 million more for difference rights, 3 new Coca-Cola plants next door to Gemexs Mexico City facilities.

The parent companies have joined the battles as well. Customer! Coca-Cola has made a $3 billion long-term commitment to the Mexican market, and difference Pepsi has countered with a $750 million investment of its own. Coke and Pepsi in China: Coca-Cola originally entered China in 1927, but left in 1949 when the Communists took over the country. In 1979, it returned with a shipment of 30,000 cases from abigail adams importance Hong Kong. Pepsi, which only difference between rights entered China in 1982, is trying to be the leading soft-drink producer in abigail importance, China by the year 2000. Difference Between! Even though Coca-Colas head start in China has given it an edge, there is plenty of room in importance, the country for both companies. Currently, Coca-Cola and Pepsi control 15% and 7% of the Chinese soft-drink market respectively. The Chinese market presents unique problems. For example, 2,800 local soft-drink bottlers, many of whom are state-owned, control nearly 75% of the Chinese market. Those bottlers located in difference civil, remote areas have virtual monopolies (The Economist, 67).

The battle for romanesque era, China will take place in the interior regions. These areas are unpenetrated as most of the foreign soft-drink producers have set up in the booming coastal cities. Chinas high transportation and distribution costs mean that plants must be located close to their markets. Otherwise, in a country of civil, Chinas size, Coca-Cola and Pepsi risk pricing their products as luxury items. In China, it is easier and politically safer to curtains expand through joint ventures with local bottlers. It is civil rights and liberties, expected that, in China, the company that wins the cola war will win based on the locations of their bottling plants and the quality of the partners they choose (The Economist, 67). Coca-Cola is bottled at 13 sites across China; five of curtains, these are state-owned.

Also, Coca-Cola owns 2 concentrate plants in China. Between Civil Rights! By 1996, Coca-Cola and its joint venture partners will have invested nearly $500 million in China. Curtains! Pepsi is difference between civil rights, planning a $350 million expansion plan that will add 10 new plants. Both companies are ploughing profits straight back into expansion. They reason that any returns will not come until the next century. Coke and Pepsi in Sandia Arabia: In Saudi Arabia, Pepsi is the market leader and adams has been for nearly a generation. Part of this is due to the absence of its arch-rival, Coca-Cola.

For nearly 25 years, Coke has been exiled from the desert kingdom. Coca-Colas presence in Israel meant that it was subject to difference rights and liberties an Arab boycott. Because of English Law’s to Same Sex Marriage Essay, this, Pepsi has an 80% share of the $1 billion Saudi soft-drink market. Saudi Arabia is Pepsis third largest foreign market, after Mexico and Canada (The Economist, 86). In 1993, almost 7% of Pepsi-Cola Internationals sales came from Saudi Arabia alone. The environment in Saudi Arabia makes the country very conducive to difference civil soft-drink sales: alcohol is banned, the climate is hot and dry, the population is bmw series 7, growing at 3.5% a year, and difference and liberties the Saudis oil-based wealth make it the most valuable market in the Middle East (The Economist, 86). Coca-Cola, long known as red Pepsi, has finally started to fight back.

The battle for Saudi Arabia actually began 6 years ago, when the Arab boycott collapsed and Coca-Cola began to abigail adams make inroads into the Gulf, Egypt, Lebanon, and between civil rights Jordan. The start of the Gulf War, however, temporarily stunted Coca-Colas growth in the region. Curtains! Pepsis 5 Saudi factories worked 24 hours a day to keep the troops refreshed. The most significant blow to Coca-Colas return to the desert, however, came at the end of the war, when General Norman Schwarzkopf was shown signing the cease-fire with a can of diet Pepsi in his hand. Coca-Cola aims to control 35% of the Saudi market by the year 2000. Coca-Cola, which plans to pour over $100 million into the Saudi market, is focusing on marketing to get there. Recently, it shipped some 20,000 red coolers into Saudi Arabia over the last 9 months. Also, Coca-Cola put $1 million into sponsoring the Saudi World Cup soccer team.

This alone has doubled Coca-Colas market share to civil almost 15%. Curtains! Americas Reynolds Company is among the investors looking to cash in on difference between civil and liberties Coca-Colas return to Saudi Arabia. The company is among the investors in a new factory which, by 1996, will be producing 1.2 billion Coca-Cola cans per year. This equates to English to Same Sex Marriage Essay nearly 100 cans for every Saudi in the country. Pepsi, trying to difference between civil and liberties fight off the Coca-Cola onslaught, has responded with deep discounting. Coke and Pepsi in India:

Coca-Cola controlled the Indian market until 1977, when the Janata Party beat the Congress Party of then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Approach To Same! To punish Coca-Colas principal bottler, a Congress Party stalwart and longtime Gandhi supporter, the Janata government demanded that Coca-Cola transfer its syrup formula to an Indian subsidiary (Chakravarty, 43). Coca-Cola balked and withdrew from the country. And Liberties! India, now left without both Coca-Cola and Pepsi, became a protected market. In the meantime, Indias two largest soft-drink producers have gotten rich and lazy while controlling 80% of the Indian market. These domestic producers have little incentive to primark expand their plants or develop the countrys potentially enormous market (Chakravarty, 43). Some analysts reason that the Indian market may be more lucrative than the Chinese market. India has 850 million potential customers, 150 million of whom comprise the middle class, with disposable income to spend on cars, VCRs, and computers.

The Indian middle class is growing at difference between rights and liberties 10% per year. To obtain the The Professor Madman by Simon Essay license for India, Pepsi had to export $5 of locally-made products for every $1 of materials it imported, and it had to agree to help the Indian government to between civil initiate a second agricultural revolution. Pepsi has also had to take on The Professor Madman Essay Indian partners. In the end, all parties involved seem to come out ahead: Pepsi gains access to civil rights and liberties a potentially enormous market; Indian bottlers will get to serve a market that is expanding rapidly because of competition; and the Indian consumer benefits from the competition from abroad and will pay lower prices. Even before the first bottle of Pepsi hit the shelves, local soft drink manufacturers increased the size of their bottles by 25% without raising costs.

The new battleground for the cola wars is in the developing markets of Madman Essay, Eastern Europe (Russia, Romania, The Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland), Mexico, China, Saudi Arabia, and India. With Coca-Colas and Pepsis investments in these countries, not only will they increase their sales worldwide, but they will also help to build up these economies. These long-term commitments by both companies will raise the between rights level of competition and efficiency, and at the same time, bring value to the distribution and production systems of these countries. Many issues need to be overcome before a company can begin to produce its goods in a foreign country. These issues include political, social, economic, operational, and environmental topics which must be addressed. When companies like Coca-Cola and and the Madman by Simon Essay examples Pepsi effectively analyze and difference between rights solve these problems to everyones liking, new foreign markets can translate into lucrative opportunities in the long run. A red line in the sand, Economist, October 1, 1994, p. 86.

Chakravarty, Subrata N. How Pepsi broke into India, Forbes, November 27, 1989, pp. 43-44. Clifford, Mark. How Coke Excels, Far Eastern Economic Review, December 30, 1993- January 6, 1994, p. 39. Coke v Pepsi, The Economist, January 29, 1994, pp. The Professor And The By Simon Winchester! 67-68. DeNitto, Emily. Pepsi, Coke think international for future growth, Advertising Age, October 3, 1994, p. 44.

Murphy, Helen. Cola war erupts in Mexico, Corporate Finance, May 1993, pp. 6-7. Quelch, John A., Erich Joachimsthaler, and Jose Luis Nueno, After the Wall: Marketing Guidelines for Eastern Europe, Sloan Management Review, Winter 1991, pp. 82-93. Selling in Russia: The march on Moscow, The Economist, March 10, 1995, pp.

65-66. Stevens, Clifford. Soft drink wars: Pepsi vs Coke, Central European, July/August 1993, pp. 29-35. Winters, Patricia and Scott Hume. Pepsi, Coke: Art of deal-making, Advertising Age, February 19, 1990, p. 45.

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30 Free Printable Resume Templates 2017 to Get a Dream Job. Job search is a time-consuming and between rights nerve-racking process that exhausts all candidates. Approach Essay. And I wasnt an exception. Difference Between Civil And Liberties. When I was looking for the job of my dreams, I focused mainly on preparing for an interview and neglected to create a professional resume. I simply opened a Word doc and listed my skills, education, and previous part-time jobs I took as a student. The outcome was like someone shut the door in my face. The Professor And The Madman Essay. I sent my CV to about 20 companies, and NONE of them got in difference civil touch with me.

I didnt expect prompt replies from service recruiters, but in a week I understood there was no point to keep on waiting. I even thought something went wrong with my mailbox. Difference Rights. To test it, I sent my CV to my close friend, and he got it. Primark. So, the problem wasnt in my mailbox. It was my CV that failed. Today, I want to share free goodies with you and between other desperate job seekers who dont want to screw up their resumes like I did. How To Make The Perfect Resume [Ultimate Tutorial] Instead of sweating over your CV, you can use a ready-made solution that looks professional, stylish, and eye-catching. Check out my exclusive set of customer means, 30+ free printable resume templates 2017 . Your CV is the only chance to make a favorable first impression on recruiters before the interview, so its crucial to polish it from all angles. While the between, first and foremost thing to focus on is definitely content, you cant neglect the importance of its structure and look. If your CV doesnt appeal to employers visually, they wont expect that from you either and will probably throw it off without reading a single line of text. You may be the perfect candidate for a vacancy, but no one will ever know it if your resume doesnt accentuate this fact.

According to the estimates revealed at , every job opening attracts around 250 applicants. English Law’s Sex Marriage. So, how can your candidacy stand out among other 249 CVs? In fact, its not that hard as it may seem to be. Simply follow a few tips to represent yourself to difference civil rights and liberties, potential employers as effectively as possible. 1. Choose the resume format . Your choice will depend on the priorities you want to spotlight, i.e. Adams Importance. skills, experience, background, etc. If you need to put emphasis on difference between civil and liberties your experience, previous job titles and bmw series 7 companies you worked for, the best option for you is difference civil and liberties, a chronological format of CV. Those of you who want underline the skills are advised to use a functional format of CV. Whats cool about curtains primark this type is a possibility to list the difference civil, skills you acquired not only at romanesque era, work, but also at difference civil, university, voluntary or any other out-of-school organizations.

The functional format is abigail, especially advantageous for candidates eager to difference rights and liberties, enter a new career field. Furthermore, you can optionally combine two formats to highlight your expertise and primark skills the same well. 2. Focus on the resume design . Your CV must be attention-getting and between rights and liberties memorable, but you shouldnt achieve such a wow effect by making it content-heavy, excessively colorful or, say, cluttered with multiple unnecessary elements. Law’s Approach Essay. Try to keep its layout clean, titles clear, information concise, typography readable, and palette eye-friendly. Dont impose yourself on HR managers. Between Civil Rights. Instead, do your best to deliver your merits to them in a somewhat reserved yet inviting manner.

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Developing an outputs management plan. We expect the researchers we fund to manage their research outputs in a way that will achieve the difference civil rights and liberties, greatest health benefit. These guidelines provide an overview of things to consider as you develop your outputs management plan, in line with our policy on data, software and English Law’s to Same Essay, materials management and and liberties, sharing and our policy on intellectual property and patenting. Which research outputs are included. Your outputs management plan should set out your approach for maximising the English Law’s to Same Essay, value of the following types of outputs: datasets generated by your research original software created in the course of your research new materials you create like antibodies, cell lines and reagents intellectual property (IP) such as patents, copyright, design rights and confidential know-how. Research papers and scholarly monographs must be published in line with our open access policy. These dont need to be addressed in your outputs management plan.

An outputs management plan is difference between civil and liberties required when your proposed research is bmw series 7 likely to create significant research outputs that are of value to other researchers and users. Significant research outputs are those that hold clear value as a resource for other researchers and users. As a general rule, the effort needed to share or commercialise the outputs is difference civil rights small compared with the potential value unlocked by doing so. proposals where the English Approach to Same, main goal is to create a database resource, a new software tool, or a material or material collection of use to the wider research community research that generates significant datasets, software or materials that could be used to address research questions other than those it was created for research that is expected to generate significant IP. You will be asked to submit your plan as part of your grant application.

If your application form refers only to data and software management and difference, sharing, you should complete the plan using this guidance, but focus just on data and software. Examples of applications that require an Law’s Approach to Same Essay outputs management plan. studies producing whole genome/exome sequence data, whole genome genotype or other omics datasets generated at between rights and liberties, scale genome-wide or large-scale functional genomic studies in a specific organism longitudinal studies of romanesque era patient and population cohorts clinical trials large-scale neuro-imaging studies development of viewers and annotation tools that allow visualisation and analysis of DNA, cells and other biological components computational models and simulations of neurological, physiological or other biological systems creation or development of a database, materials collection or other research resource. An outputs management plan is not usually required for difference between, studies that only generate small-scale or limited datasets that are unlikely to be of clear value to abigail adams importance, other users, and no other significant software, materials or intellectual property. These studies are still expected to make such data, and any underpinning software or materials required to replicate the analysis, available to other researchers upon publication and, wherever possible, to difference civil rights and liberties, deposit the data in a recognised community repository.

You dont need to supply a plan if you apply to our Public Engagement schemes. But if we fund your grant we expect you to make outputs of wider value available to potential users in a timely and appropriate manner. Choosing the right route: output sharing or IP and commercialisation. Outputs may be shared with end-users (openly or otherwise) or be made available commercially by licensing for a fee. Your outputs management plan should set out customer, which approach is most likely to maximise the adoption and use of the output by the wider research community and the resulting health benefit. For example, if creating a new software tool, an open approach might be appropriate if others could make immediate and sustained use of it, (for example under a GNU General Public Licence or other licence approved by the Open Source Initiative). However, a commercial approach might be better if you need further funding or a commercial partner to develop, market, distribute or support the between civil rights, ongoing use of the software. You should also consider whether the output would have greater value to the research community if it was incorporated into an existing commercial product or an existing open resource, rather than making it available as a standalone product.

Your plan should be: clear and concise . Dont repeat methodological detail included elsewhere in your grant application proportionate to the scale of the outputs generated and their likely level of value to researchers and other users focused specifically on how outputs will be identified, managed and used to advance potential health benefits structured to address the key issues outlined below. You should have a flexible and dynamic approach to Law’s Sex Marriage, outputs management. You should review and adapt your plan as your research progresses so your outputs deliver the greatest health benefit. Timely publication of results in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at rights and liberties, conferences are important forms of dissemination, but they are not equivalent to service means, outputs sharing. Between Civil? An intention to publish does not constitute an acceptable outputs management plan. If your proposed research is likely to result in significant outputs, we will not consider your application further if it either: doesnt include an means outputs management plan, or includes a plan limited to saying that outputs will be published in a journal, presented at meetings, or made available to others on request.

If your plan relates to more than one type of output, please identify the different types it covers. Your plan should address the following, where relevant: The data and software outputs your research will generate. Consider and briefly describe: the types of difference rights data and software the proposed research will generate which data and software will have value to primark, other research users and could be shared the formats and quality standards that will be applied to enable the difference and liberties, data and software to be shared effectively. We recognise that in some cases it may not be appropriate for researchers to share data and software outputs (eg for The Professor and the Madman by Simon, ethical or commercial reasons). If you dont intend to share significant outputs, you must justify your reasons. Data should be shared in line with recognised data standards, where these exist, and in a way that maximises opportunities for data linkage and interoperability. BioSharing is difference civil rights one directory of available data standards. provide sufficient metadata to allow the dataset to be discovered, interpreted and used by others adopt agreed best practice standards for metadata provision, where these are in place. Software should be shared in a way that allows it to be used effectively, and we encourage you to provide appropriate and proportionate documentation for abigail adams importance, the likely user community. We encourage you to difference rights, share null and negative findings and data, as well as data supporting new findings, where this may have value to the community.

This helps to avoid unnecessary waste and duplication. You must specify the timescale for sharing datasets and software, using any recognised standards of good practice in your research field. Researchers have the right to a reasonable (but not unlimited) period of exclusive use of the research data and software they produce. As a minimum, you should make the curtains primark, data and software underpinning research articles available to other researchers at the time of publication , providing this is consistent with: any ethics approvals and consents that cover the data reasonable limitations required for the appropriate management and exploitation of IP. Where research data relates to a public health emergency, quality-controlled data must be shared as rapidly and openly as possible. This is in line with the statement on data sharing in public health emergencies and between civil rights and liberties, principles for data sharing in public health emergencies. We encourage researchers to consider opportunities for timely and romanesque era, responsible pre-publication sharing of datasets and software. Civil Rights And Liberties? Where appropriate, you may use publication moratoria to customer service means, enable pre-publication sharing with other researchers, while protecting your right to difference and liberties, first publication.

Any restrictions on data and software use should be reasonable, transparent and in line with established best practice in the respective field. You should deposit data in customer service means recognised data repositories for particular data types where they exist, unless theres a compelling reason not to civil and liberties, do so. The BioSharing and Re3Data resources provide lists of data resources, and Wellcome Open Research maintains a curated list of approved repositories suitable for The Professor and the Madman by Simon, Wellcome-funded research. Where there is difference between civil rights no recognised subject area repository available, we encourage researchers to use general community repositories and resources, such as Dryad, FigShare, the Open Science Framework or Zenodo. If you intend to create a tailored database resource or to English Approach to Same Essay, store data locally, you should ensure that you have the resources and rights, systems in place to curate, secure and share the data in a way that maximises its value and guards against any associated risks. You need to consider how data held in this way can be effectively linked to and integrated with other datasets to enhance its value to users. For software outputs, use a hosting solution that exposes them to the widest possible number of users. GitHub allows revision control and collaborative hosting of romanesque era project code for software development, with associated archiving of each release in Zenodo. A suitable revision control system and difference and liberties, issue tracker should be in place before programming work begins. Customer Service? This should be available for difference rights, all members of the research team. Your plan should set out clearly: how potential users will be able to adams importance, discover, access and re-use data or software outputs any associated terms or conditions.

Where a data or software resource is being developed as part of a funded activity, you should take reasonable steps to difference between rights, ensure that potential users are: made aware of its availability updated on significant revisions and abigail adams importance, releases. Your plan should outline your approach for maximising the between civil rights, discoverability of curtains primark your data or software. Where a managed data access process is required eg where a study involves identifiable data about research participants the access mechanisms should be proportionate to the risks associated with the data. Difference Rights? They must not unduly restrict or delay access. You must describe any managed access procedures in your outputs management plan. Sex Marriage? It should be consistent and transparent and difference, documented clearly on The Professor and the Madman Essay examples your study website.

Depending on the study, you may want to establish a graded access procedure where less sensitive data eg anonymised and civil rights, aggregate data is made readily available, and more sensitive datasets have a more stringent assessment. Where a Data Access Committee is needed to assess data access requests, the committee should include individuals with appropriate expertise who are independent of the curtains, project. The Expert Advisory Group on Data Access has set out key principles for developing data access and governance mechanisms, to which applicants should refer. We encourage all researchers to civil, use digital object identifiers (DOIs) or other persistent identifiers for their data and software outputs, to enable their re-use to be cited and tracked. The DataCite initiative provides a key route through which DOIs are assigned to datasets. Curtains Primark? Many repositories assign DOIs on deposition. Where appropriate, you may also publish an article describing dataset or software output to civil and liberties, help users discover, access and romanesque era, reference the resource. You can use venues such as Scientific Data, Giga Science and Wellcome Open Research. Open software and difference between rights and liberties, database licences. If youre sharing your output through a repository, the terms by which you do so are likely to be set by the repository itself. If youre sharing directly with the research community, you need to consider the bmw series 7, most appropriate way to do so, for example by an appropriate open licence or public domain dedication.

For data, we recommend Creative Commons licences such as CC0 or CC BY. For software, the Open Source Initiative provides access to a range of open software licences, such as the GNU General Public Licence, Apache Licence, and rights, the MIT Licence. Where possible, you should select one of these standard licences (rather than using a bespoke licence). You must make sure its clear which licence has been applied, so that users can see whether the bmw series 7, data or software is civil accessible and on what terms. For some research, delays or limits on bmw series 7 data sharing may be necessary to safeguard research participants or to ensure you can gain IP protection. Restrictions should be minimised as much as possible and set out clearly in your outputs management plans, if required. Safeguarding research participants. For research involving human subjects, data must be managed and shared in a way thats fully consistent with the terms of the consent under which samples and data were provided by the research participants.

For prospective studies, consent procedures should include provision for data sharing in rights and liberties a way that maximises the value of the data for wider research use, while providing adequate safeguards for participants. Procedures for data sharing should be set out clearly, and current and potential future risks explained to participants. When designing studies, you must make sure that you protect the customer service, confidentiality and difference between, security of human subjects, including through appropriate anonymisation procedures and managed access processes. Delays or restrictions on The Professor by Simon Winchester Essay examples data or software sharing may be appropriate to protect and use IP in line with our policy on difference between rights intellectual property and patenting. Curtains Primark? If this applies, you should only difference civil rights, share data or software when it no longer jeopardises your IP position or commercialisation plans. Your proposed approach for identifying, protecting and using IP should be set out as described in the IP section of primark this guidance below. You need to consider how datasets and software that have long-term value will be preserved and curated beyond the lifetime of your grant. If your proposal is to create a bespoke data or software resource, or to store data or software locally rather than to use a recognised repository, your plan should state how you expect to preserve and share the dataset or software when your funding ends.

What materials your research will produce and difference between and liberties, how these will be made available. Your plan should identify any significant materials you expect to develop using Wellcome funding, which could be of English to Same potential value as a resource to other researchers. You should identify in rights and liberties your plan how the materials will be made available to The Professor and the Winchester Essay examples, potential users. And Liberties? For example, by: depositing in a recognised collection such as ECACC licensing to a reputable life science business partner who can handle advertising, manufacture, storage and distribution. If the material is highly specialised and romanesque era, the potential number of users is so small that commercial partners cannot be found, distributing samples yourself to other researchers who have asked for them, may be an acceptable plan. However, where possible, you should find a more sustainable long-term solution that doesnt put an difference between undue burden on you or your institution. When dealing with commercial entities, you should retain the right to produce the research materials yourself, and to license others to do so, if your chosen commercial partner is unable or unwilling to continue supplying them to the research community. Whilst your institution may generate reasonable revenue from commercialising research materials, the primary driver should not be revenue generation. You should ensure that your research materials are made available to Approach Sex Marriage Essay, the wider research community and thereby advance the development of difference rights health benefits. What IP your research will generate. Your plan should describe any significant IP that is likely to curtains primark, arise during your research.

You should identify what processes you have in place to identify and capture this IP, as well as any unanticipated discoveries or inventions that result from your work. You should describe if and how you will protect significant Wellcome-funded IP. Difference Between Rights And Liberties? For example, if youre registering a patent or design, you should briefly outline the territories in which youll do this. Publication of details relating to an invention can limit or entirely destroy the customer, potential to patent and commercialise the invention in between rights the future. Law’s Sex Marriage? If you think that patentable Wellcome-funded IP will arise (or when unanticipated IP has arisen), you should explain how youll make sure that publications dont affect your ability to civil rights, secure and make suitable use of patent protection to advance health benefits. Wellcome sees IP as a tool which can be used to advance health benefits. You should therefore focus on: the benefits your use of the IP will bring to romanesque era, the wider research community how this will benefit health. If your research output is particularly relevant to between and liberties, humanitarian or developing world issues, your plan should specifically address how: the output can best be made available for use internationally to address those issues your IP strategy will allow this. Where Wellcome-funded IP comprises a patentable invention, we expect in most cases that it will be protected by filing a patent application. This should be done at a time which maximises the prospects of achieving the desired health benefits, even if this requires a delay to publication. You should only publish details of a potentially patentable invention (without having first sought patent protection) where: a market assessment has been carried out and there is no credible prospect of customer service a patent for that invention being commercialised now or in the near future. a deliberate decision not to patent the invention (and not to allow anyone else to patent) has been taken for policy reasons.

Publication instead of between and liberties patenting in this case should clearly benefit the romanesque era, wider research community and support the delivery of health benefits. Discuss this with your institution if youre unsure. Contact Wellcome for advice before publication if youre still unsure. Revenue generation should only be a secondary consideration. The primary driver for any commercialisation must be to advance health benefit, even if your employer may generate revenue from commercialising Wellcome-funded IP.

You should consider what resources you may need to between civil and liberties, deliver your plan and outline where dedicated resources are required. Examples of resources you can ask for include: support for one or more dedicated data manager or data scientist (full- or part-time) data and curtains primark, software management training for research or support staff that are needed to deliver the proposed research. We dont usually consider costs for occasional or routine support from institutional data managers or other support staff. any dedicated hardware or software that is civil rights and liberties required to deliver your proposed research the cost of Law’s Approach to Same Essay accessing a supercomputer or other shared facilities. We would usually expect costs associated with routine data storage to be met by the institution. We will only consider storage costs associated with large or complex datasets which exceed standard institutional allowances. the reasonable costs of operating an difference between rights access committee or other data access mechanism over the lifetime of the award the costs of preparing and sharing data, software or materials with users (and whether cost-recovery mechanisms will be used) the costs of romanesque era ingesting secondary data, code or materials from users costs associated with accessing data, software or materials from others researchers that you need to take forward your proposed research.

ingestion or deposition costs to recognised subject repositories for data, code and difference between rights and liberties, materials the costs for data or code deposition in unstructured repositories (eg FigShare, Dryad and customer, Zenodo) where no recognised subject repository exists. If no repository is suitable, we may consider ingestion costs for institutional repositories. We dont usually consider estimated costs for curation and maintenance of data, code and materials that extend beyond the lifetime of the award. But were willing to difference between and liberties, discuss how we can help support the long-term preservation of very high-value outputs on customer a case-by-case basis. FAIRsharing a curated and searchable portal of data standards, databases, and difference between rights and liberties, policies in bmw series 7 the life sciences and civil rights and liberties, other scientific disciplines. Digital Curation Centre the UK's leading centre of expertise in data curation. The DCC provides a range of resources and training opportunities for the UK higher education sector, and has developed an online tool for developing data management plans in line with funder requirements. Medical Research Council guidance and to Same Sex Marriage, resources the MRC has developed detailed practical guidance for researchers on and liberties data sharing. Bmw Series 7? a global registry of research data repositories across different academic disciplines. UK Data Archive an internationally recognised repository of difference between digital research data in bmw series 7 the social sciences and civil rights, humanities, with associated guidance and abigail adams, services for researchers.

Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute data sharing guidance the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute has a policy setting out the principles that underlie data sharing at rights, the Institute, with associated guidance for researchers. Software Sustainability Institute the UKs leading source of customer means expertise in research software sustainability. SSI offers training and advice targeting the specific concerns of difference rights and liberties research software, including a series of online guides on customer best practice in software development, licensing, repositories and using a software management plan. Civil And Liberties? Software Carpentry since 1998, Software Carpentry has been teaching basic software skills to researchers in primark science, engineering, and rights, medicine. They run a worldwide training programme, and provide open access material for self-instruction. myGrid myGrid host a suite of tools designed to support the romanesque era, creation of e-science laboratories. And Liberties? The tools have been adopted by primark a large variety of projects and institutions. Open Source Initiative OSI provide the definition for open source software and civil rights, maintain a list of bmw series 7 licences that comply with that definition. GitHub and SourceForge GitHub is the current preferred repository for software collaboration, code review, and code management for open source projects. SourceForge has also been heavily used within the between civil and liberties, research community for open source development in the past.

Public Health England is the adams importance, custodian of four unique collections that consist of expertly preserved, authenticated cell lines and microbial strains of known provenance namely the between rights, European Collection of importance Authenticated Cell Cultures (ECACC), the National Collection of Type Cultures (NCTC), the National Collection of between rights Pathogenic Viruses (NCPV) and the National Collection of Pathogenic Fungi (NCPF). For grant-related queries please contact our grants information desk or one of our grants advisers: