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The Harm of Solitary Confinement | Psychology

Effects of solitary confinement

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Part 8 - Examples of Good and Bad Writing. Learning to write often works best by example. The following are excerpts from nine first-year student essays. Most of the effects confinement examples are bad, although I did find a two good examples in the bunch. In most cases, the names and dates from the essays have been changed to not compromise the subject matter for future students (in other words, don't use any of the apparent research information here in your papers). I have tried to gender inequality categorize the errors as best as I could.

Errors or bad portions are usually bolded to help you identify them. Smith was a religious, Christian man. His notion of monads included contextual references to God. He believed that God controls the harmony of life through these monads. The essay then goes on to discuss these monads in a Christian context. Had the of solitary student omitted the above sentences, however, the discussion of religion would have been completely out of place, given the essay's topic. But since the the women of brewster place person being discussed had religious views that affected his theories and work, it is relevant to mention the religious aspect. Had Smith's religion not been a direct influence on his work, it would have been irrelevant. Similarly, you wouldn't mention other things about someone in of solitary, an essay if it wasn't relevant to the topic.

For example, it is irrelevant to mention a scientist's race in an essay about their discovery unless the race impacted the discovery. An example of this might be if a black scientist's prime motivation to find a cure for Essays, sickle cell anemia was because that disease strikes black people in proportionally higher numbers. Of Solitary Confinement. If the same scientist was researching some aspect of physics, it would probably not be relevant to of brewster place mention the effects of solitary confinement race at free etymology all. An introductory paragraph: On March 4, 1849, John Smith was born to effects of solitary confinement Anna Bradcock Smith and inequality, James Smith. Although certainly not of humble origins, John was acquainted with several prominent and influential men of politics with whom he discussed matters of mathematics, history, science, logic, law, and theology. Smith was brilliant in each of these fields, but he became known particularly for his contributions in the fields of of solitary confinement, philosophy, mathematics, and logistics. This paper will not only shed light on some of Smith's theories and words regarding these three areas, but will also tell of the events in his life that made him the man that he was. This is the introduction to a chronologically-ordered essay about Smith's life and discoveries. Gender. As such, the choice to begin with his date of birth is a good one. The paragraph summarizes the fields touched by Smith and also mentions the key areas he studied.

The paper sets up an expectation for the reader of both a detailed explanation of Smith's discoveries and anecdotes describing his personality. Effects Of Solitary. The sentence structure is grammatically sound and flows well. In the late 1650's , Smith's mother returned to inequality uk London , she then pulled him out of school with the intent to make him a farmer . Apostrophes indicate possessiveness or contractions, not plurality. The decade is the 1650s. The sentence is a run-on. It should either end after London, beginning a new sentence with She then, or the she then should be changed to and. To make someone a farmer is to effects of solitary create a farmer for them. The student meant: to turn him into a farmer or to encourage him to who was during door policy be a farmer.

Smith invented the widgetiscope and paved the way for future widget watching. All-the-while remaining a simple and humble man who considered himself to be part of a team working for the greater good. The bolded part is not a complete sentence. The entire thing should be one sentence. All-the-while does not require hyphenation. The two differing approaches of development already described, eventually led to the development of the two original branches of widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. This sentence is mispunctuated.

The comma is confusing and should be removed, and the semicolon should be a colon. Another of effects confinement, Smith's ideas was the method of And Storage, differentiation. Effects Of Solitary. The university re-opened after the plague in 1667. And Storage. Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, and effects, awarded a major fellowship after he received his Master's Degree (Bogus 4). Uk. After the realization that Calculus was important, and was being recognized, a document to record all of the theories became a necessity. The Methodis Differantium, the document that contained the elements of the theory of differentiation, was created in 1667. Of Solitary. Smith believed he was being pulled in two directions when it came to publishing his theories and making his work known. Observation Project Essay. He felt a need for effects confinement, fame and fortune, yet on of Teaching Styles Essay, the other hand he had an confinement, abundant fear of rejection. To the dismay of many future mathematicians, it was never published because of Smith's fear of criticism.

Since he was not focusing on publishing his work, Smith pursued his career as a professor. This so-called paragraph is an utter mess. The Women Of Brewster Place. There are far too many ideas in it, all of which are strung together haphazardly without any logical flow. I'll try to dissect and rewrite it, but I won't make errors bold because the entire paragraph would be bold if I did. First, let's pick out the different topics being addressed: the method of differentiation the university re-opening after the plague Smith's ascension through the university ranks the need of confinement, a document detailing differentiation, which was eventually created Smith's mental state, desires and fears. Now, if we replace each sentence with the number of the of brewster place corresponding idea, we can see what a jumbled mess this is: 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 4, 3. Don't introduce a paragraph with one topic and then leap to another topic in the next sentence. While it may sometimes be necessary to mention something as an aside to complement the topic, the return to the topic should be swift and easy to understand.

Don't bounce around within the paragraph as this student has done. Another problem: there doesn't seem to confinement be a coherent timeline within the paragraph. Did the university re-open in Data, 1667, or was the plague in 1667? Is the student saying that Smith was elected to a minor fellowship that year or another year? Similarly, when did the major fellowship and Master's Degree come in? It's unlikely to of solitary confinement have all happened in one year, though it is possible. The document was created in 1667, it seems, but when did Smith decide not to publish and seek work as a professor instead? Also 1667? It sounds like that was a very busy year for poor Smith! The sentences themselves are also awkwardly constructed, making the entire thing hard to understand. I'll make some assumptions regarding the confusing date information.

Here is how this information should have been presented: Smith's ideas on Observation Styles, the method of differentiation were gaining recognition in the mathematical community, which made it necessary for him to produce a document detailing all of his theories on the subject. Of Solitary. Thus, when the university re-opened in 1667 following the plague and Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, he wrote Methodis Differantium. Although Smith wished to attain fame and fortune, he also feared rejection. Gender Inequality Uk. This dichotomy resulted in his failure to publish Methodis Differantium; a failure that would be mourned by mathematicians well into of solitary the future. Still, Smith was awarded a major fellowship after receiving his Master's Degree in [insert year]. Monkey Bridge Analysis. Since he was not interested in publishing his work, he concentrated instead on pursuing a position as a professor. Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705 to be given the title of Sir Joe Smith, which made him the first scientist to be so honored for his work (Bogus) . The phrase to be given is awkward here. It would be better written: Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705, which gave him the title of Sir.

Who else could be honoured for Smith's work other than Smith? It should say: . which made him the first man to be honored for scientific work. There probably should be a page number listed in the citation. Jones had a main idea of analytic geometry. What does this mean? Does the student mean that one of Jones' main ideas concerned analytic geometry?

Does he mean that one of the effects of solitary main ideas of analytic geometry was conceived by Jones? Or does he mean something else entirely? This makes little sense and is very awkward. Whether Smith made no use of the free etymology manuscript from which he had copied abstracts , or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope, are questions on which at this distance of time no direct evidence is available . If Smith made no use of the manuscript, he can't have used it to copy abstracts. Effects Confinement. This is a very awkward way of saying that the events in question happened so long ago that there is no longer sufficient evidence to during door policy answer certain questions.

It would be better written: Questions as to whether Smith made further use of the manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope are rooted so far in the past that it is of solitary confinement, impossible to during gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers. This is still a bit awkward. Confinement. It's best when broken up into smaller sentences: There are still questions as to whether Smith made further use of the manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope. Such questions are rooted so far in the past, however, that it is impossible to gender inequality gather sufficient direct evidence to effects provide answers. Smith formed a political plan to try to free etymology persuade the Germans to attack the French due to him not agreeing with their political agendas and this proved the means of his visiting Hamburg.

Due to him not agreeing with is a very awkward way of saying: because he disagreed with. The second bolded part should be a separate sentence. Proved the means of his visiting is a very awkward way of saying is why he visited. Jones explained ideas too enormous to understand, and simplified problems too complex to approach. Not only is this hyperbole, it's also logically impossible. If the ideas were too complicated to understand, Jones couldn't have understood them himself.

If the problems were too complex to approach, Jones could not have approached them. Mismatched Words, Phrases, and Pronouns. After marrying Elizabeth, Smith's father fell ill for several months. Of Solitary Confinement. After no sign of recovery, a lawyer was summoned to the manor. A will was drawn up, including one hundred acres of land, the manor house, livestock, grain, and Smith Senior's death (Bogus 10). The Women Place. His mother gave birth to Smith three months after Smith senior died. He was premature after suffering from illness due to the shock of her husband's passing during the fall . The phrase after no sign of recovery is not properly attached to Smith's father. Instead, it is saying that the confinement lawyer did not recover from something. Project Styles. A will does not include land, a house, etc.

It states to whom such things are bequeathed. Effects. This should say: A will was drawn up leaving one hundred acres of land, the manor house, livestock and grain to Data And Storage Essays [whomever]. Effects Confinement. I don't even understand how and Smith Senior's death fits into Bridge Analysis Essay this sentence. His in the sentence His mother gave birth. refers to the antecedent Smith Senior. Thus, Smith Senior's mother gave birth to Smith Senior's son. That would necessitate incest, and effects confinement, is clearly not what the student meant to say. They should have simply said Elizabeth gave birth.

Who else but someone's mother gives birth to them anyway? Given the confusions regarding the various Smiths, it would have been better if the student had used first names during this part of the essay. There is inconsistency in capitalization. Gender Inequality Uk. It is Smith Senior once, and Smith senior another time. The he in he was premature again refers to confinement the wrong antecedent.

Smith Senior was not premature. Gender Inequality Uk. Smith did not suffer illness due to the shock of Smith Senior's passing. Elizabeth did. This sentence says that Smith suffered the illness. Effects Of Solitary Confinement. The student suddenly introduces the phrase during the fall when no other mention of the Data season has been made. This could be confused with Smith Senior dying from a fall. Lastly, the effects inverse relationship between area and the tangent were never attained. The relationship is singular, even though it refers to multiple elements.

Thus, the verb were should be singular as well, and changed to was. It was this century where many of the worlds most honorable and Monkey Bridge Essay, highly respected mathematicians created what we know today as calculus. A century is not a place, it is a section of time. Say it is a place where. or a time when. Effects. In this case, It was this century when. Inequality. Adding an 's' without an apostrophe in this case is pluralization, not indicative of possession. The student means world's. But perhaps the of solitary largest obstacle , which the Greeks could not overcome, were their insufficient number and measuring system . Were is plural, but obstacle and And Storage Essays, system are singular. It should be was. Tragically at the age of six, Smith's father died.

This says that Smith's father died at the age of confinement, six. The student means: Tragically, when Smith was six years old his father died. Jones, now familiar with Smith's discoveries, wrote Smith a letter soon after the of Teaching Essay publication of effects, his discoveries. After the publication of whose discoveries: Jones' or Smith's? Jones reasoned that if he could calculate the angles of the projected colour, a new law of refraction could be made . People can make legal laws, but natural or scientific laws are discovered. To make a new law of refraction, Jones would have to alter physics. During the seventeenth century, the inhabitants of England did not realize the Data Essays importance of scientific advancement. Inhabitants could well mean non-human creatures, and is thus a poor choice of a word. Are we to understand that ALL of the people in England failed to realize the importance of confinement, scientific advancement for an entire century? It would have been better if the student had said most people in England. At the current time, the dominant belief was that light traveled in wave . The current time is the moment the Bridge Analysis Essay reader is reading the sentence.

The student meant to say that the effects confinement belief was such during the historical time period being discussed. Current should be omitted. The phrase in wave has an error. It should either be in Essays, waves or in a wave. Both may be correct, but such an error can be misunderstood if one is incorrect. This would likely have been caught if the student had read the paper out loud. Secondly, Jones' reliance on geometric algebra rather than symbolic notation created considerable impedance to effects the identification of solutions of computational features found frequently to different problems. Here is an example of a student not knowing the proper meaning of the open door policy, a word. Impedance means opposition to the flow of electric current. Effects Confinement. It does not mean the same as to impede, which is to be an obstacle. This could be an instance where a student used the thesaurus in a word processor to come up with a word without bothering to check if the word fit the context.

It could also simply be that the Observation Project Styles student had mislearned the effects of solitary word themselves. Incidentally, a quick check of MS Word 97 shows synonyms to impedance to be obstruction, block, baffle, hindrance, breakwater, fin, and maze. Monkey Bridge Essay. So here is effects of solitary, direct proof that you shouldn't always trust what a word processor thesaurus tells you is an equivalent word. Be diligent and look up unfamiliar words in who was the president the open door policy, the dictionary before using them in your essay. In studying widgetry, it serves as great importance that one is aware of the two systems of effects, widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. Something does not serve as great importance, and one being aware doesn't fit either. This is a student trying to who was the president the open sound fancy but instead making no sense. The sentence should read:

In studying widgetry, one should be aware of the two systems of widgetry; fingleish and effects, fnordleish. It was thought that Jones hated his stepfather and Observation Project of Teaching, his mother, partly for abandoning him at such a young age. Who thought so? This entire statement, which implies something that cannot be proven and is thus not a basic fact, had no attribution in effects confinement, the essay. Since it was about someone historical and the student couldn't possibly have known this unless they got it from free etymology a source, it was plagiarism to include it without attribution. Smith managed one friendship through this time and the value of that is always questioned. Who is questioning the value? There is no attribution to of solitary explain who questions it or to prove that it is questioned by anyone other than the student. The Women Of Brewster Place. What precisely is being questioned? The value of only having one friend, or the of solitary confinement value of the one friendship to Smith in particular?

. which means that the during the open policy cut in confinement, the # of points is equal to the degree of the curve. Using the # symbol instead of the word number is a bad short cut, and certainly inappropriate for a formal essay. Smith also helped to improve the scientific community ; his focus was mainly regarding widgetry. How does a focus on a subject help to the president the open door policy improve a community? It might improve the understanding of the of solitary subject in the community, but does that improve the community itself? This is a badly worded assertion. If it truly did benefit the scientific community as a whole, the the women of brewster place student should cite a source demonstrating that to be the case. No attribution was present. In one day, John's attitude towards school changed for the better. A boy ranked just above him kicked him in the stomach.

At the end of the day John challenged the boy to a fight. Even though John was much smaller than his opponent, his determination overtook the boy. Winning the of solitary fight was still not enough. John applied himself in Data Essays, class, and soon became the top student in the school. This entire paragraph introduces an anecdote for effects of solitary confinement, the purpose of explaining what drove John to become a better student. Incredibly, it manages to Essays completely fail to mention the relationship between the anecdote and John's new-found classroom enthusiasm.

The relationship is implied and the reader can guess that John wished to of solitary confinement beat the boy in more than just a physical fight, and free etymology, thus worked hard to outrank the boy in effects confinement, the classroom, but that is not stated. The paragraph is Data Essays, very choppy and effects, the sentences do not flow well. Read it out loud, and you'll hear how it sounds like a grade school book instead of free etymology, a university essay. During this time, Smith constructed a water clock. He constructed the effects of solitary clock out of an old box. This is choppy. And Storage Essays. It could be easily combined into one sentence. Jones became began to of solitary study motion. This error was probably due to a sentence that once legitimately contained the word became being edited without became being removed.

If the the open door policy student had read the of solitary essay out loud or given it to a friend to read, this error likely would have been noticed. Yet, in 1679, Jones would discover that his initial calculation the Moon's distance from Bridge Analysis Earth was incorrect. Here is another example of a simple error of of solitary confinement, omission that could have been caught if the student had read the essay aloud or given it to a friend to read. The word of policy, should be between calculation and the. That one small error makes the entire sentence awkward and confusing. If the instructor has to effects of solitary reread the sentence to try to understand its meaning, the flow of the essay is interrupted. Data And Storage. If this happens often enough in the essay, it gives an overall bad impression on effects, what otherwise might be a very good paper in terms of research. More examples of errors that could have been caught if the the president during students had bothered to effects of solitary confinement read their essay: One of Smith's main contribution was his use of. Widgetry emphasized the notion of the infinite widget, which in fact cam as a great service to Smith in that it served as an important too in helping explain his branch of widgetry. Jones might have in fact perputuated the ideas, but he was also at a loss when he could not make good sense of them from the free etymology beginning.

Admiration for Smith grew in the filed of widgetry. With Jones' encouragement, Smith drafter a number of monographs on religious topics. Smith considers out effects confinement universe to be a gravitational system. On August 10, 1777, Jones was ent a letter from. In later research , it was proven that Jones was incorrect and science rejected his theories about light until the next century.

Thus, it was scientifically proven that Jones' theories about quanta (tiny particulate packets of energy) were indeed correct . The wave formulation was also correct . When was this later research? Who performed the research? In discussing whether someone was proven incorrect or not, it is a good idea to fully explain who did the the women proving when, and confinement, possibly even how they came to their conclusion. These sentences contradict each other. Was Jones proven incorrect or correct? Does the student mean that Jones was erroneously proven incorrect, but science later found that he was correct after all? Or was Jones correct about free etymology, some things and not others? The use of Thus implies causality. How does the proof that Jones is incorrect and the rejection by science suddenly become scientific proof of his theory being correct? Regardless of what the student meant by the flip from incorrect to effects of solitary correct, there is nothing given to of brewster establish causality.

It's disappointing to see such sloppiness as this in an essay. This particular essay featured clipart, so it was obviously done on effects confinement, a computer with a modern word processor. It clearly wasn't spell-checked. Such complete disregard is Observation Styles Essay, automatically indicative of a student who doesn't care about their final product, and while the error itself is minor, it gives a bad impression to the grader. In fact, this essay had several spelling errors that could have been caught. That's inexcusable at the university level. It was also during this time that he traveled to effects of solitary his uncle's place in Brunswick. Place is colloquial. Use home, apartment, residence or other such appropriate word instead.

Smith attempted to obtain his doctorate of law degree at the University of Anytown but was denied because positions were being held for the older students -- and Smith was much too young. Smith's secretary claims that he was told many times, however, that Smith was denied admission because of negative feelings that the uk Dean's wife held for him. Smith's secretary is probably dead, since this essay is about someone from the 19th century. Therefore, they no longer claim anything. It should be past tense. Since the student doesn't cite this, there is an implication that perhaps the secretary is effects, not dead and the student went so far as to Data interview the secretary personally. That is, of confinement, course, quite unlikely, meaning that this student has plagiarised this information from one of their sources. The following are a few concepts that form the basis of during the open policy, Leibnizian calculus: [followed by effects of solitary confinement three bulleted paragraphs comprised mostly of direct quotation] Using bullets in a formal essay is rarely appropriate.

It is preferable to write out the bulleted information into proper paragraph form. This student seems to have been too lazy to bother paraphrasing a bunch of direct quotations into Data And Storage a formal essay structure. Along came the Joe Smith, a mathematician considered by numerous scholars to of solitary be a pioneer of calculus, including other renowned mathematician, Bill Jones. The Joe Smith? There has only been one?

The student means another, not other. Sloppy. The first page of the essay starts with: have been developed (5). The second page starts with the inequality uk header Introduction and the opening paragraph. Clearly, the of solitary student stapled the pages out of order. What a sloppy mistake! Pages should be numbered unless you're specifically instructed not to for some reason, and you should always ensure that all of the pages are present and in proper order before binding the essay. If the And Storage instructor has to begin by figuring out what the heck is going on, they will automatically have a bad impression of effects of solitary, your essay and possibly of you. Jones was quite a busy man in Project of Teaching Essay, that along with his position in the Court of effects of solitary confinement, Mainz, he also managed to serve as Baron Johann Christian von Boineburg as secretary, librarian, lawyer, advisor, assistant, and most importantly, friend.

Quite a busy man is a bit colloquial. A busy man would do. Place. The first as is an error, since Jones did not serve as the confinement Baron, he served the Baron. This may have been caught if the who was door student had read their essay out loud. His Chummy, Bill Jones, who Smith shared a room with until his resignation from this fellowship in confinement, 1683. Chummy should only be included if it was Smith's actual word for Jones. If this is the case, it is a quotation from of Teaching a source and of solitary confinement, should be cited. Gender. If not, it is colloquial and should just say His friend Bill Jones. Confinement. Who should be whom in this case. A site called Grammar and Style has information on Data, how to use who and whom. Of Solitary. This isn't even a complete sentence.

Smith was born prematurely and Observation Project of Teaching Styles Essay, was so small when he was born that they thought he might not live. Repeating that he was born is effects, redundant. Who does they refer to? Doctors? Parents? Relatives?

Townsfolk? It is a pronoun without an antecedent. In this publication, Jones has a discourse between the Styles Essay belief systems of the natural philosophical world around him. Has is the wrong word here because the essay is about a person who is now dead. Of Solitary. Dead people don't have discourse with anyone in free etymology, the present, so the word should at least be had. But even had is awkward, and of solitary, a better word would be wrote. Discourse means to converse, especially orally. One does not speak orally in a publication. It is written. This word should be omitted. Between denotes at least two participants, but Jones is the only one having the supposed discourse.

This too should be omitted. Natural philosophical world is confusing. Does the the open door student mean the natural, philosophical world, which would be the world described as both natural and philosophical? Or do they mean natural philosophical world, in which natural modifies philosophical and not world, in which case the grammatically correct phrase would be naturally philosophical world? This would be better written as: In this publication, Jones wrote of the belief systems of the natural, philosophical world around him. or, depending on the answer to the fourth point: In this publication, Jones wrote of the belief systems of the naturally philosophical world around him. He was home for approximately 18 months, according to Jones the 18 months was the most predominant time period of his life.

This is a run-on sentence. It should either end between 18 months and according, or it should be rewritten to make it a proper sentence. 18 months is repeated for effects of solitary, no reason. Free Etymology. 18 months is plural, so it should be 18 months were not 18 months was. Predominant means superior especially in confinement, power or numbers. Something cannot be most superior. Most should be omitted. Essay. Predominant is not the best word in this case anyway.

If the student means it was the most powerful time of Jones' life, they should be clear about that. Of Solitary Confinement. If they mean it was the most superior numerical time of his life, then he logically cannot have been more than 36 months old. Simpson was content after his ability to reproduce Smith's experiment. Jones was not that easy, the two men fought constantly. The student probably means that Simpson was content once he was able to reproduce Smith's experiment. The current phrasing doesn't quite say that, and is awkward and who was the president during the open policy, confusing. Jones was not that easy to what? The student probably means Jones was not that easy to satisfy or something equivalent. This is a run-on sentence. It should end after easy, or be rewritten to be grammatically correct. Effects Confinement. Which two men?

Simpson and Jones or Smith and Jones? The information on physics before this section is free etymology, important to of solitary confinement understanding whom Newton was, but arguably, his greatest advancements were in the field of mathematics, most importantly Calculus. Incorrect use of whom. Should be who. A site called Grammar and Style has information on how to use who and whom. There should not be a comma between arguably and his. There is the president during the open door, no citation as to effects confinement anyone arguing that Newton's greatest advancements were in mathematics. This might be because it would be difficult to prove in inequality, the face of the importance of Newtonian physics. Advancements is confinement, probably the of brewster place wrong word.

Achievements or discoveries would be better. Newton's advancements are more likely to be funds paid in advance of publication. The addition of most importantly is of solitary confinement, awkward. Particularly would have been a better word. Data. The use of greatest and effects confinement, most importantly referring to Calculus is hyperbole. Observation Project Of Teaching Essay. Given that this essay was for a Calculus class, it sounds like a kiss-up. The declarations of superiority are superfluous, unattributed, probably erroneous, and possibly pandering. It's all very ugly. A concluding sentence: Smith's great work, theories, and studies will continue to live on forever in the ever-changing world of science and mathematics . How can the student know that Smith's work will live on forever? That's an impossible assertion to make.

Work, theories and studies don't live. They exist, but they are not organic creatures. If the world is ever-changing, how again can the student know that Smith's work won't one day be considered nonsense? Or lost entirely? World is effects confinement, singular, but it refers to two worlds, one of science and one of mathematics.

This conclusion reeks of inequality, hyperbole. Of Solitary Confinement. (So does the phrase reeks of Essay, hyperbole, but this is not a formal essay.) A scientist before Smith by the name of Jones knew that he could demonstrate the ration between two infinite sums. The phrasing here is a bit awkward. It would be better phrased: Jones, a predecessor of Smith, knew that. Ration is the wrong word. The student meant ratio. This is one of those errors that a spell-check cannot find, but if the effects essay had been read aloud it may have been noticed. One man was proclaiming to be the inventor of the widgetiscope and another man was proclaiming the exact same thing; who is telling the gender truth?

The main problem here is the change in tense. You can't go from was to effects confinement is if the subject remains fixed in free etymology, time. Furthermore, it is incorrect to refer to confinement someone who is dead as doing anything in the present besides being dead (and possibly rotting). A dead person is not telling anything right now, but they were in the past. Try to avoid using the passive form was proclaiming and instead use proclaimed. This particular statement is also bad because of the Data Essays subject matter. Of Solitary. The student has already shown in the essay that both men happened to independently invent the widgetiscope, but the issue is who deserved the title for inventing it first . So actually, neither one was necessarily lying, and the student should not make it appear that one or the other may have been doing so. You must be careful not to libel people. The phrasing here is awkward and possibly a bit too conversational in the final question.

A better way of the women of brewster, writing this would be: Two men proclaimed to be the inventor of calculus, but only one could be given the credit. The argument was so drawn out that a decision was not easy to come by which worked against Smith's favor. Jones had been considered the sole inventor of the effects of solitary widgetiscope for Analysis Essay, fifteen years already, which gave him the upper hand. The student meant to say that the duration of the argument caused Smith to lose. But because the student failed to put the necessary comma between the bolded words, this sentence actually says, by means of a complicated string of multiple negatives, that it was not easy to come to a decision against Smith, meaning he won. Effects Of Solitary. This sentence would be better worded this way:

Because the argument took so long, Smith lost. But then, at the beginning of the next paragraph, the student writes: The argument took years to unravel and never really came to a definitive decision. This negates what the student had asserted before: that Smith lost because of the duration of the argument. This also repeats the And Storage fact that it was a long argument, which is redundant. It was from the Greeks, where the underlying of widgetry emerged and set the basis of confinement, what widgetry has become. The Greeks are a people, not a place, so things come from whom, not where. The comma in this sentence should not be there. It sets up an expectation that the portion after the comma is a separate clause, as in: It was from the Greeks, who also invented blodgetry, that widgetry came forth. Note that because the who is in Monkey Bridge, the separate clause, it should not be whom.

The underlying what ? You can't just say the effects of solitary confinement underlying of widgetry. It has to be the underlying something of widgetry, whether that something is basis, foundation, etc. Although there was a time of intellectual heightening , there came a period of darkness in the development of mathematics (Ewards 45) . Intellectual heightening is an icky, awkward phrase. Intellectual development would have been much better. In going over this old essay, I wondered if perhaps this was a typo of the the president the open door policy name Edwards. I checked the effects of solitary bibliography to confirm the name, and discovered that nothing by Ewards, Edwards, or any similar name was there at all. Had this gone noticed when the paper was being graded, serious questions would have been raised as to the validity of the student's sources and bibliography.

Be sure to list all sources in your bibliography, and be sure to spell them correctly when citing! One motive of Sumerian algebra was to impose on Data, themselves a concepts that they could not fully understand and precisely compute, and for of solitary confinement, this reason, rejected concepts of irrational as numbers, all traces of the infinite, such as limit concepts, from their own mathematics. Motive applies to place Sumerian algebra, not Sumerians. Therefore, that motive cannot be imposed on themselves. Of Solitary. It should be written: One motive of the Sumerians concerning their algebra was to impose on themselves. although that is still an awkward phrase.

Concepts should not be plural. This is sloppiness that probably could have been detected if the Observation Project Styles Essay student had bothered to read over his essay. The sentence should end after compute. A new sentence should begin, For this reason. Of Solitary. The word they should be put between reason and rejected to say: For this reason, they rejected concepts.

This sentence is Monkey Bridge, so garbled with mismatched subclauses that adding another is effects of solitary, just icky. The Women Place. I'd put such as limit concepts in parenthesis, or rewrite the effects of solitary confinement sentence to bring that idea out on And Storage Essays, its own. If Greek rigor had surmounted their need to succeed in these elements and refused to use real numbers and limits till they had finally understood them, calculus may have never formed and mathematics as a whole would be obsolete (Apostal 102). The verb refused applies to Greek rigor, not Greeks, which is nonsensical. Be careful to ensure that your verbs match the subject you intend for them.

Don't use till when you mean until. That's colloquial at best, and not really a proper use of the word at all at worst. Effects Confinement. The proper phrase is of brewster, have never been formed. To say something never formed begs the question: What didn't it form? Even though there is a citation for this extreme declaration that mathematics as a whole would be obsolete, it's still probably hyperbole.

I wonder if the source actually said that, or if the student's paraphrasing has overstated the source's point that mathematics might be different without the advent of calculus. Be careful that you don't paraphrase in such a way as to claim a source said something that they did not. Effects Of Solitary Confinement. If this source really says mathematics would be obsolete without calculus, it's a bad source. Such a statement would render even basic arithmetic and counting as obsolete, which is ridiculous. Essentially , it is the president the open door policy, a case of Smith's word against of solitary, a number of suspicious details pointing against him. He acknowledged possession of a copy of part of one of Jones' manuscripts, on more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them, and a material date I none of his manuscripts had been falsified (1675 had been changed to 1673) (Bogus, 78)

Essentially isn't technically incorrect here, but students do have a tendency to use words like essentially and basically too often. It's somewhat conversational, and Essays, possibly colloquial. Try to effects of solitary confinement avoid it unless something is truly essential. A number of suspicious details pointing against him is an awkward way of saying: suspicions of his guilt. But what the the women of brewster place student means is not suspicions, but points of evidence. When you list several examples of something you've indicated, the way to punctuate it is effects confinement, as follows (note the of brewster placement of the colon and subsequent semicolons): [Point being made]:[proof 1];[proof 2];[proof 3]; and[proof 4]. This way each proof can have punctuation such as commas without being confused with other points, and each proof still points to the main part of the sentence. This entire thing should be rewritten to say:

It is a case of of solitary, Smith's word against the evidence of his guilt: he acknowledged possession of of brewster, a copy of Jones' manuscripts; on more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them; and his manuscripts had been falsified by changing 1675 to 1673 (Bogus, 78). After quoting a dictionary definition: The editors of the famous dictionary are probably unaware of the fact that they have just committed a cardinal sin in the mathematical world , in that they only confinement, described fingleish widgetry, and failed to include an who was the president, explanation of fnordleish widgetry. It's okay to question a source, and at higher levels of education it might even be required. But if you're going to do it, be careful to do it well and with evidence.

This just sounds presumptuous. The student has not shown whether or not the dictionary has separate definitions for widgetry or otherwise accounts for its apparent lack of sufficient definition. Effects. Saying the uk dictionary is famous is of solitary, probably unnecessary, and possibly hyperbole. The President During Policy. A cardinal sin is a sin of of solitary, fundamental importance. In the Judeo-Christian context, this would mean something very bad, like murder. Thus, calling a disagreement in definition in Essays, a dictionary a cardinal sin is definitely hyperbole. Even if it was a cardinal sin, the sin was committed in the dictionary, not in the mathematical world. The student meant against the mathematical world.

It is surprising how people could be satisfied such a vague definition, as was the effects of solitary case in free etymology, Webster's Dictionary, on of solitary confinement, a subject that has tested such great minds for Bridge Analysis Essay, centuries upon centuries . It is surprising how students could be satisfied with such drivel in of solitary confinement, their essays. That sounds nasty, doesn't it? That's because it is. Sentences like this are insulting and off-putting, and don't belong in a formal essay. Such great minds requires an example. The word such should be omitted.

Centuries upon centuries is redundant. Just say centuries and leave it at that. Jones' first object in inequality, Paris was to make contact with the French government but, while waiting for such an confinement, opportunity, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers there, in Data And Storage Essays, particular Davis and Myers, discussing with Davis a variety of topics but particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). An object is a thing. The student means Jones' first objective.

This is a bad run-on. It should be broken up like this: Jones' first objective in Paris was to effects make contact with the French government, but while waiting for an opportunity to do so, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers such as Davis and the president during the open door, Myers. He discussed a variety of topics with Davis, particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). Smith's contribution to math has helped our society become more technological in building things . In this particular case, Smith made many contributions, not just one. Math is the colloquial version of mathematics. Did Smith's contributions only help our society? What about other societies? More technological in building things is of solitary confinement, a really awkward way of saying improved our technological aptitude.

Undoubtedly, Jones was one of the greatest geniuses that ever lived and this paper will demonstrate that, starting from his childhood until his death . Smith may have been a genius, but to free etymology blow that up to one of the greatest geniuses that ever lived is hyperbole. Effects. Even if it is true, the paper didn't demonstrate it because the And Storage paper didn't compare Smith to other great geniuses that have lived. The paper showed that Smith was a genius, perhaps, but not his rank amongst all of the geniuses that have ever lived. If you start from something, you go to or follow through to another something. The phrase starting from his childhood until his death actually means you're starting from the section of time inclusively between his childhood and death and not saying where you're going. Furthermore, the paper does not start from Smith's childhood because it was not being written when Smith was a child.

The student means, starting with his childhood and confinement, following through to his death. That is still awkward, and Observation Project Styles, the sentence would be best written: Undoubtedly, Jones was a genius, and this paper will demonstrate that by examining his entire life. So John lived for seven years with his mother's parents who did not really show him any affection . So in this context is colloquial and should be omitted. This really should be cited. John's address may be a matter of effects of solitary confinement, public record and therefore doesn't have to be cited, but comments on Data And Storage Essays, the emotional quality of the household imply research, and the student should give credit to of solitary confinement the source. Really is colloquial, and should be omitted. While at Cambridge, Smith's genius was most productive in his dedication to math . Who is Smith's genius? The student means Smith's intellect, but an intellect cannot be productive. It facilitates productivity, but it is not productive itself.

A better way to write this would be: Smith's intellect was best displayed in his dedication. Math is colloquial. It should be mathematics. This information helps us to understand how we, as humans stay on the ground; we are matter as well and do have an invisible force weighing us down as we push against it and it pushes back against us . This hand full of the women, knowledge has helped our scientist understand our universe of of solitary confinement, heavenly bodies and their movement. It has also allowed scientist to delve further in of brewster, exploring our galaxy. Does gravity only affect humans? Granted, the student is effects, trying to make the science seem more personal, but this is an awkward way of doing it. Of Brewster Place. It is also something that seems to indicate an essay geared to children. While you should usually write essays so they can be understood by of solitary confinement laypersons, you can assume those laypersons are your age and intellectual peers. Project Of Teaching Styles. The description of the invisible force is very awkward.

A better wording would be: do have an invisible force that we push against as it pushes back against us. Gravity does not, in fact, weigh people down. The student's own definition of effects of solitary, it earlier in the essay mentions this, and Analysis, here too it is accurately described as a push, not a pull. To add in effects of solitary confinement, the bit about it weighing us down is contradictory. The student means handful. This is a bad description anyway, since the student is trying to Observation Styles show how this knowledge is monumental to scientists. Both instances of scientist should be pluralized. One delves further into something, not in it. The Royal Society always had someone coming in each week they met to show off their invention . Always had someone coming in is colloquial and awkward.

It should say: The Royal Society hosted a guest each week. The second part of effects, this is a separate sentence and should be capitalized and punctuated accordingly, or else brought into the first sentence with appropriate conjunctions. Show off is colloquial. Observation Project Of Teaching Essay. Demonstrate would be better. Since more than one invention was demonstrated, invention should be plural.

A concluding paragraph: Jones was a great man who made an effects, impact in all of our lives . He is recognized as one of the centuries brilliant-minded people who helped to further math along. This intellectual man has created something which has and will be used for years to come. This is an important part of history which will and should never be forgotten. The essay has shown that Jones was brilliant and invented some useful things. It has not, however, demonstrated that he was a great man. A great man is one that embodies greatness in all things, including attitude, relationships with others, and their contributions to their society. Jones may have been all of this, but the essay did not reflect it, so it is Essays, hyperbole to declare it in of solitary, the conclusion. It is also a highly subjective comment; what makes someone great to free etymology one person may not for another. Centuries is the plural of effects of solitary, century, not the Bridge Essay possessive. The student means century's.

But Jones was not of our current century, so the effects of solitary student should define which century they mean. Impacts are made on, not in. If by all of of brewster place, us the student means everyone on the planet, this is incorrect. Jones' contributions to mathematics hardly impact the life of someone living in a non-literate, non-industrialized society. Even if the student merely means her peers, it is still hyperbole to of solitary confinement declare that everyone has been impacted. If you're going to mention that the free etymology person did something in your conclusion, mention what that something is. While it is unlikely that Jones' history will be forgotten, the student cannot effectively predict the future in this way.

Some of these comments may seem nitpicky, but the fact of the effects of solitary matter is errors such as these reflect poorly on you and your essay. No one is perfect, and an essay with one or two awkward phrases won't be marked down just for those instances. The Open. But an essay that is full of the errors listed above prevents the reader from understanding the content. If the instructor doesn't know what you mean, they can't possibly give you a good grade. Last updated in February 2005. Copyright #169 2000-2005 Kimberly Chapman. All rights reserved. This original work is available for distribution, provided the of solitary following: it is only distributed in Essay, this complete form, it contains my name and effects of solitary confinement, copyright, it is not altered during distribution without my consent, and free etymology, it is not used to generate income for anyone without my consent. I would strongly appreciate knowing if anyone is distributing this in printed form. If you want to receive notification of updates on any portion of this site, simply enter your email address here and click/select the of solitary button to enter. You will be required to sign up for a free Yahoo! account to complete registration.

Please note that Yahoo!'s privacy policy and who was during door policy, other management are outside of's responsibility. Users are encouraged to perform their own due diligence before signing up with any online service. To find out more about the list or read messages without signing up, please visit the of solitary confinement Yahoo! page for the kimberlychapman updates mailing list.

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Why Solitary Confinement Is The Worst Kind Of

100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. Of Solitary Confinement? She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Need a great argument topic? Below I give over 100 ideas. You'll write faster and Monkey Bridge Essay, easier if you pick a topic based on: Knowledge: Picking a topic you already know a lot about can make research faster and effects of solitary confinement, easier. Interest: Picking a question you want to know more about can make this paper more interesting. Available Sources: I give links to inequality, many sources. Check those for articles first and if you find some, your work is half done. I also save you time by effects of solitary giving you links to videos and sample student essays. Check out my guides for the women, writing papers too.

Good luck! If you get a good grade, be sure to come back and tell me! 1. Instructions for how to (and how not to) pick a topic. 2. Effects Confinement? Lists of topic ideas (in the categories of food and health, obesity and the women place, dieting, recycling and the environment, families and relationships, and effects of solitary, science and technology, with videos and many links to free etymology, research and student essay examples. Effects Confinement? 3. And Storage Essays? Step-by-step instructions for how to write your essay. Choosing a topic that everyone is talking about makes writing an argument essay easier.

Make sure you choose a question that doesn't have an answer people already agree on. Pick a reader that doesn't agree with you, so that you are not preaching to the choir. It also helps if the effects of solitary, topic is something everyone has an opinion about: this will make it easier to who was the president during the open door, get examples to back up your essay, either from articles or from people you interview. Confinement? Finally, you probably want to pick a topic that is interesting to gender uk, you and that you care about. Steer clear of overused topics like abortion, gun control, and the death penalty. For one thing, your instructor has already read far too many of these essays and is not only probably bored with the topic, but also has already heard everything you might say. Moreover, although those may seem like easy topics, they really aren't, because most people are set in their ways about these issues and it is hard to think of an argument that might change their minds. Is Deforestation Worth it? Do the economic benefits of cutting down forests outweigh the effects of solitary, environmental damage? What is Love?

What kind of Bridge Analysis love leads to a lasting relationship? Stay-at-Home Dad: Is it a good idea for a father to raise his children full-time? What causes a man to become a stay-at-home dad and can it work out well for a family? Hunger Hurts: Should Americans think and do more about the hunger faced by people around the world? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? What can be done to help children maintain a healthy weight?

How can people lose weight and keep it off? Is weight gain caused by genetics, environment, or some other factor? How do naturally thin people stay that way? What is the relationship between food, exercise, and effects of solitary, weight? Are low carbohydrate diets (like the Paleo, Adkins, and South Beach diets) really the best? Do planned-meal diets like Jenny Craig and Nutrisystem really work to help people keep weight off? Why are Weight Watchers and free etymology, other calorie-counting diets often considered the best by doctors?

Is controlling weight really a matter of calories in, calories out? What is the best diet for a young adult? Can vegetarian diets be healthy? Why are so many people now choosing to go on gluten-free diets? Is sugar really bad for you? Does restricting the size of soft drinks that can be sold really help health? Should schools have vending machines that sell sodas, candy, and other bad snacks?

What can schools do to promote better health in students? Does intermittent fasting really help you to be more fit? How can morbidly obese people lose weight safely? Is the T.V. show The Biggest Loser helpful in motivating people to be healthy? Does the of solitary, show create negative or positive feelings about who was the president during the open door policy morbidly obese people? Does it exploit the contestants? What causes anorexia? How can it be prevented? How can you help an anorexic friend? Why are more young men becoming anorexic? What is of solitary morbid obesity?

How does morbid obesity affect a person's health? What should we do about the gender inequality uk, cost of healthcare for overweight people? Should there be a greater insurance premium for people who are obese? Is surgery a good method for people to lose weight? Are sugar substitutes helpful for dieting? Is fat really bad for effects of solitary, you? Is a low fat diet the best? Research Articles on And Storage Essays, Obesity and Dieting. Here are some professional articles and of solitary, websites that can help you start. Many of these articles contain links to other sources also. Long Term Weight Loss Maintenance, by Rena R. Data Essays? Wing and Suzanne Phelan, in American Society for Clinical Nutrition (2005).

The National Weight Control Registry. Effects? An account of over 10,000 individuals who have lost significant amounts of free etymology weight and kept it off for long periods of time. Overweight and Obesity. U.S. government reports from the Centers for Disease Control and of solitary, Prevention. Diet Topic Articles from Psychology Today . What can we do to who was the president door, help people around the world have clean water to drink?

Is hunting good or bad for the environment? Should the horns of wild rhinos be removed to prevent them from being poached? Can we protect wild areas and animals by effects of solitary promoting eco-tourism? Should the government discourage or regulate oil drilling in the gulf of Mexico? What are the Observation of Teaching Styles, dangers of fracking? Does recycling really make a difference? Should all states adopt a deposit on soft drink bottles and cans in order to promote recycling? Should schools require students to bring refillable containers for water and other beverages rather than disposable ones? Should supermarkets charge for plastic bags in effects of solitary confinement, order to encourage the free etymology, use of reusable bags? Should your city (or campus) do more to encourage recycling?

What causes people to litter? What could motivate people to clean up after themselves? What causes earthquakes? What can we do to reduce death or damage from effects confinement, earthquakes? Or how can we better predict them? Does being a vegetarian or vegan help the environment?

Can using LED lights make a difference? How can composting help save the environment? What is hazardous household waste and why is it important not to throw it in the regular trash? What is deforestation? How does it happen? Can it be stopped? What is fracking? Is fracking worth the inequality, risks? Does fracking hurt drinking water? What is a carbon footprint? How can we change our carbon footprint?

What are the dangers for people living in cities like Beijing with high pollution? Is nuclear energy really safe? What should be done with nuclear waste? What is the best way to handle our trash? Are landfills a good idea? Where can we use solar, wind, and other alternative energy sources effectively? What is the best way to encourage alternative energy use? (Government regulations? Incentives? Helping companies that produce these products? Advertising?)

The World Bank on Environment: Information and research about environmental issues around the effects confinement, world. Data Essays? The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: On the science and technology page, find research and information under different topics like water, pesticides, or ecosystems. Discover Magazine: Search the environmental topics page for effects of solitary, your topic. Free Etymology? U.S. Government Recycling and Conservation: Statistics and information. Should mothers stay home with their children? Do long distance relationships work? How can divorce be prevented? Is divorce something that kids can recover from?

Are teenage marriages a good idea? Should teenagers that get pregnant keep their children? How can you get out of the friend zone? How can you know you are in an abusive relationship? Why do people stay in abusive relationships? What are the effects of solitary confinement, effects of domestic violence on children?

Who should do the chores in a family? What are helicopter parents and how do they help or harm their children? Is it good to be an Project of Teaching Styles, only child? Is doing sports together a good thing for families? How have video games impacted family life? Why do some people treat their pets as family members? Is this a good or bad thing?

How important are grandparents to children today? How does interracial adoption affect a family? Are large families better for children? How does birth order affect children? Do older people make better parents? Have cell phones and social media made families closer or not? How should (or shouldn't) you use social media in a dating relationship? How long should people date before they become engaged? What makes people have a happy, long-lasting marriage? Are the expectations raised by romantic movies damaging to confinement, real relationships?

Are Beauty Pageants Good for Analysis, Kids? What is nanotechnology and how has it already changed our lives? How will nanotechnology affect dentistry or medicine? How can nanotechnology be helpful in developing new types of confinement computers, cell phones, or data storage? Does using cell phones make people more or less connected? Do cell phones cause a cancer risk? What should the laws be concerning the free etymology, use of cell phones while driving? Have social media and texting hurt or improved the effects of solitary confinement, lives of Monkey Analysis teenagers?

Why are children better at effects, understanding new technology than their parents are? Do violent video games cause people to act out violently? Should schools use video games as a teaching tool? Can students study better using digital textbooks than they can by using books, pens, and paper? Will paper and during the open policy, books become obsolete? What is the difference between reading on a screen and reading a book? Should everyone wear a microchip with their personal information to avoid identity and credit card theft?

Should parents be able to choose the genetics of their children? Are smart watches going to confinement, replace cell phones? What is the next big leap in technology? Which is better, the PC or the Mac? If we can help people live longer through technology, should we? Is there a balance between quantity and quality of life? How can 3-D printers be used effectively? SciTech Daily: Science and new technology news and research reports.

MIT Technology Review: Massachusetts Institute of Technology's website for explaining new technologies. If you want to write a quick and easy argument paper, follow these simple steps: Pick a topic question from the lists above. Decide your answer to free etymology, the question (this is your beginning thesis). Write down everything you know about the topic. Talk to your friends or family to of solitary, find out Data what they know, have heard, or have read recently about the topic (have them give you the source if they know it).

Look at effects, some of the research articles or web sites about that topic. Look back at the open policy, your question and refine your answer. Effects Confinement? After gathering information, you may want to change it. Write down three or more best reasons for of brewster, your answer (these are your topic ideas for the body of your essay). Effects Of Solitary Confinement? Using those reasons, look at the articles you've read or the ideas you've already written down for some evidence to support those reasons (this is the backup evidence for each topic sentence). Write your outline, then follow it to the open door policy, write your paper.

Do you have to do research for your paper? 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by Virginia Kearney 16. Effects Of Solitary? 100 Great Psychology Research Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 2. by Virginia Kearney 16. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to the open door, Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 123.

How to of solitary confinement, Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 21. This is a great resource. I've just entered into college, and didn't know where to begin writing my first argumentative essay. Free Etymology? Thanks so much - voted up :) Do you know or have you written of anything to do with the argumentative essay of should smoking be banned because I have to do essays with research and I need some reliable sites. Effects Of Solitary? Virginia Kearney 3 weeks ago from United States. Hi Aashi!

I'm glad that younger students are finding my work too. Although I now teach college students, I started my career teaching in your grade for the women place, several years. I will have to put together some topics for primary grade students. Until then, you might want to look at my High School Topics, which have many ideas which are good for of solitary, your age too. I am in primary school in the women, grade 6 and I want some good topics for primary students. Good job making this page. I don't know what to do at effects of solitary confinement, first. I was clueless and was browsing for who was during the open policy, answers but none of them made sense except for this. Thank you very much! I think the ideas are wonderful and are very helpful!

I am a Junior in high school and I have to write an argumentative paper. Your insight on of solitary, how to do so has been extremely helpful. I wanted to thank you for your intelligence on how to write an argumentative paper. Thanks! This website was very useful for free etymology, picking out effects of solitary a topic for my essay. Data? Again, thank you for helping me out! King of effects Stuff 8 months ago. I find this website very interesting and who was the president the open door policy, helpful. Thank you for making it! Your tips on writing essays is really helping me out.

Mr. fluffypants 8 months ago. I love this article. Of Solitary? You have helped me with my school essay. Thank you! letter pile 8 months ago. I LOVE this website. Monkey Bridge? Thank you so much for writing it! It has helped me so much! Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from of solitary confinement, United States. Hi Nataly! You are welcome to of brewster, shift the focus of the questions to whether governments should take action.

My questions and topic ideas are just a starting point. Of Solitary Confinement? I teach my students that there are a variety of ways to solve problems and one of those is by Observation Essay having governments or larger groups take action. However, I want my students to effects confinement, focus more on how they and their audience can personally take responsibility and action, so often my questions are more locally written. Observation Of Teaching? In my class, I focus on having my students address a very particular audience in their persuasive essays because effective arguments come from confinement, really thinking carefully about the viewpoint of the Monkey Bridge Essay, other person and developing points that would persuade that person. In my class, I do allow TedTalks as sources if the student is using other sources as well. However, I don't think all professors do accept that type of source. Most people who do TedTalks have written out their arguments in papers or books, so I'd suggest you research to effects of solitary confinement, see if there is an online paper you can cite as well. I find your lists great and of brewster place, really appreciate the idea of providing useful links. Still, I would rather shift the focus of some questions so that they ask students to think more globally, from the point of view of the state and the society. For example, should the state take actions to prevent high rate of effects confinement divorces, which ones?

Are people in developed states responsible for providing water and food to the starving people around the globe?, etc. I also wanted to ask you if TedTalks videos are officially recognized as credible resources. Have you ever heard of any cases when professors forbid to use it? Thank you for a good work! Hulya Gulyurt 9 months ago.

This helped me so much with my homework, thank you! Great Efforts . Gender Inequality? Well done. Of Solitary Confinement? should guns be allowed on free etymology, school campus. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from of solitary confinement, United States. Monkey Analysis? This is an interesting topic idea bojoi--and definitely one that would be controversial. I'd love to hear how you would develop your thesis. preetyradd 14 months ago. Of Solitary? i think this is cool i got a good grade on my essay thanks. Kanwal asif 14 months ago.

Thank u so much God bless u. Virginia Kearney 17 months ago from United States. Glad this will help you three keys! ThreeKeys 17 months ago from Australia. Im about to try out gender your suggestions in this great article. Im excited to see what the outcome will be in effects of solitary confinement, how I take a more pointed or comprehensive approach in Data, a written debate so to speak. Thanks so much! Thank you it is of solitary really helpful. Thank you so much for Observation Styles Essay, the topics. Trisha Roberts 3 years ago from confinement, Rensselaer, New York. Love the great ideas! Absolutely love the list you shared with us.

Thank you so much for this Article! Kalai 3 years ago from Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Free Etymology? Sometimes i find that the effects, most easy or obvious topic the hardest to argue about. Free Etymology? The less the words the greater the headache. When we prepare for debates, each word has the ability to make or break the of solitary confinement, case. Data? Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia.

What an interesting range of ideas and tips! Massive thanks for writing this, pal! Voted up :) Eiddwen 3 years ago from confinement, Wales. A great hub Victoria ;thanks for free etymology, sharing and I vote up. Effects? Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. Free Etymology? This is very useful to those who must teach essay writing (and to those who must write them).

I know I will be using this next time I teach English Comp. Effects Of Solitary Confinement? Voted up++ ExpectGreatThings 3 years ago from Illinois. Wow! This is a very impressive list and great instructions. I like how you were able to uk, write the questions without giving away your position on each topic. - Ginger. Eric Dierker 3 years ago from effects of solitary, Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. Very interesting. Fun ideas and great food for thought. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.

HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of the women HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and effects of solitary confinement, others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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Paradox of Flesh: The Art of Chris Ofili. T HE WORK OF British-born artist Chris Ofili, Turner Prizewinner in 1996 and 2003 British representative at the Venice Biennale, poses a particular challenge. Almost every review of effects of solitary his major 2010 retrospective at Londons Tate Britain alluded to the spirituality of the work of this former altar boy; the artist himself often gives religious titles to his paintings and the women place installations, such as Holy Virgin Mary (1996), The Upper Room (19992002), and The Raising of Lazarus (2007); and, in interviews, he is prepared to affirm that stories within the Bible still have a relevance to my life and contemporary life in general. Plate 7. Chris Ofili. Of Solitary Confinement. The Holy Virgin Mary , 1996. Acrylic, oil, polyester resin, paper collage, glitter, map pins, and elephant dung on linen.

96 x 72 inches. Courtesy of Victoria Miro Gallery, London. All images copyright of the artist. And yet this is the artist whose work fomented a globally reported storm at the women, an exhibition of effects controversial British art at the Brooklyn Museum in 1999, when New York mayor Rudy Giuliani, objecting to the artists use of gender inequality feces and effects confinement crotch shots cut from pornographic magazines to adorn a painting of a black Virgin Mary, threatened to of brewster place withdraw public funding from the museum (the picture was also attacked with white paint by one Dennis Heiner, a pious seventy-two-year-old Roman Catholic) [see Plate 7]. This is an artist who, inspired by the low-life of Londons Kings Cross area, where from his studio window he could observe the shady goings-on of pimps and drug dealers, gave his works titles such as Pimpin Aint Easy (1997), Seven Bitches Tossing Their Pussies before the Divine Dung (1995) and The Adoration of Captain Shit and the Legend of the Black Stars (1998)works not obviously critical of the exploitative world they observe or possibly even celebrate. In what sense, therefore, can the work of Ofili, one of the of solitary confinement, most important British artists of the Bridge Essay, Damien Hirst generation, be seen as spiritual, or as exhibiting spirituality? One critic has suggested that Ofili simply treats all human experience as a kind of great lumber room to be plunderedone giant, teeming department store asking to effects of solitary confinement be looted (a particularly unfortunate phrase). For this artist, are religious themes simply one more shop to be pillaged? Or is it that the luscious, almost excessive richness of the Bridge Essay, decorative surfaces of his works, of effects a quality that is extraordinary even for our hardly sensually deprived era, evokes a response more usually associated with the further reaches of religious experience?

But perhaps there are better explanations for the quasi-religious effect so often claimed for Ofilis paintings. First, the biographical details. Ofili was born in 1968 and brought up in the inner suburbs of Manchester, an industrial city in Bridge the north of England, in a practicing Roman Catholic family. He served mass as an altar boy, and attended his local Roman Catholic schoolhence his natural grasp of a particular Catholic devotional vocabulary and iconography. His parents are Igbo from of solitary, Lagos, Nigeria, and moved to gender inequality England in 1965; Ofili himself, however, does not speak Igbo and indeed has never been to Nigeria. Originally intending to pursue a career in of solitary furniture design, he embarked on an arts foundation course at a Manchester technical college and, inspired by And Storage a particular teacher, Bill Clarke, who talked about biorhythms, spirituality, and effects personal energy, discovered painting; realizing that this was to gender inequality uk be his vocation, he studied at Chelsea School of Art in London beginning in confinement 1988 and moved to the Royal College of Art for his MA in 1991. In 1992, he travelled to Zimbabwe on a British Council scholarship for six weeks, where he made two discoveries: ancient cave paintings in the Matobo Hills, and what was to gender uk become the signature of his early years: balls of elephant dung encountered on effects of solitary confinement, an abortive safari to free etymology see elephants in the wild. He became a professional artist, moving in 1996 to fashionable studios near Kings Cross station, whose downtown ambience inspired several of his sleazier titles of the period, and exhibiting with the young British artists, notably in Sensation (at the Royal Academy in London in 1997 and the Brooklyn Museum in 1999, where his Holy Virgin Mary became a succes de scandale ); in 1998 he won the Turner Prize, the UKs premier contemporary art honor. In 2000 he became a trustee of the of solitary confinement, Tate Gallery, and in the president policy 2003 was chosen to represent Britain at the Venice Biennale.

In 2005 he moved to Port of of solitary Spain, Trinidad; also in the women of brewster 2005 his large-scale installation The Upper Room was purchased by the Tate Gallery (this, too, was a cause of scandal, as he was a trustee). He has exhibited widely in the UK and elsewhere, and although principally a painter has also created sculptureincluding one of effects of solitary his earliest pieces, Shithead (1993), an open-mouthed face made from a ball of elephant dung with human teeth and locks of the artists own hairand stained-glass work, notably for the Stephen Lawrence Centre, Deptford, built to commemorate a young black student killed in southeast London in 1993, whose bungled murder investigation became a cause celebre . Plate 8. Chris Ofili. Afrodizzia (Second Version), 1996. Inequality Uk. Acrylic, oil, polyester resin, paper collage, glitter, map pins, and elephant dung on linen. 96 x 72 inches. Courtesy of Victoria Miro Gallery, London.

Ofilis retrospective at the Tate was hugely enjoyable. The richness of the painted surfaces, the layers of color often applied in clouds of small dots reminiscent of effects of solitary confinement aboriginal painting or African beadwork, the simple line and And Storage organic patterns of thinly applied paint, please the of solitary, eye, while collaged images often cut from pornographic or black power magazines sound a raucous countermelody also evident in the regular occurrence of elephant turds or liquid excrement that prevents the images from Data And Storage, sinking back in pure seductionfor example, the very beautiful Painting with Shit on It (1993), which is paradoxically redeemed by confinement fecal smearing, or Afrodizzia (1996) where the faces of a galaxy of black heroes are collaged onto a delicious, patterned surface of saturated color and Project Styles Essay fractal lines whose fluorescent, artificial colors contradict their organic meanderings [see Plate 8]. The painting is generally quite flatthere is little sense of depthbut enlivened by the complex, quasi-organic patterning either of of solitary small dots of paint or of a lyrical, looping line or organic shapes, either plant-like or anatomical. Figures, especially faces, are always stylizedand yet, strangely, very human. Humor aboundsthe hero of Pimpin Aint Easy is a monstrous erect phallus with a cartoon face; the (black) heroine Foxy Roxy (1997) sports a huge pair of pink breastsand so does pathos. No Woman, No Cry , a tribute to Doreen Lawrence, the mother of the murdered British teenager, shows her as a semi-transparent weeping woman of dignified beauty; small cameos of Monkey Essay her son are collaged into her tears, and yet she appears neither bitter nor broken by of solitary her grief [see back cover].

Plate 9. Chris Ofili. The Raising of free etymology Lazarus , 2007. Oil and charcoal on confinement, linen. 110 x 79 inches. Photo: David Zwirner. Later, a series of Data And Storage Essays sumptuous watercolors exploit rich hues in simple images; paintings from his Venice Biennale period feature the black, red, and of solitary green of inequality African identity; a series of pencil drawings celebrate a faux-naif, frank, female sexuality that would be the confinement, envy of many in the art-historical canon: if only some of the more uptight surrealists had had Ofilis assurance, how many prurient monstrosities we might have been spared.

A blue period plays a midnight cobalt against free etymology, lyrical, almost illegible black figures; and the most recent works, different again, offer Tobagan themes, simplified shapes, extravagant colors, and effects a return of religious or at least spiritual titles [see Plate 9]. If there is one common factor running through these different periods of And Storage Ofilis work, it is effects confinement that despite their shallow, almost decorative surface and lyrical patterning, the viewer instinctively reads them as embodied, and the president during the open door policy it is surely above all this sense of embodiment that gives Ofilis painting depth and seriousness. Effects Of Solitary. A number of elements come together to create this effect. There is the clear influence of free etymology dance, the most embodied of the arts. (Ofili often remarks upon the influence of hip-hop on his painting.) There is the texture of the whorls of effects of solitary confinement paint which inevitably evoke the fractal irregularity of flesh. There is the organic, sinuous line that in this context evokes the sensuous complexity of the surface of the free etymology, human body. Plate 11. Chris Ofili.

Blossom, 1997. Oil, polyester resin, glitter, map pins, and elephant dung on linen. 96 x 72 inches. Courtesy of Contemporary Fine Arts, Berlin. Photo: Jochen Littkemann. A typical work such as Blossom (1997) is supported by two misshapen elephant turds for feet [see Plate 11]. The paintings name is spelled out in colorful map pins on seven smaller turds attached to the surface. On the left-hand side, a delicious orange wash forms the backgroundon the right, subtler pastel blues, greens, and lilacto an elegantly stylized collection of organic, plant-like forms, leaves, and stems, painted in very inorganic blue and red and made even more artificial by a frosting of white dots of glitter. By contrast, in other places the paint has been allowed to dribble down the canvas in viscous smears reminiscent of body fluids. Against this sumptuously visual-tactile undergrowth, separated only by a thin blue line, there emerges the figure of Blossom herselfher hair, flesh, and of solitary confinement dress painted in complex whorls of small dots.

Blossom has a flower in her hair, pink lips, and red fingernails, and rather knowingly displays her bare breast to us: half earth-mother (at one with her organic frame) and half seductressthe gap formed by the crook of her arm and painted the bright red of uk her fingernails hints at other pleasures. The vibrant color contrasts, the complex surface patterning, the sinuous blue line, the of solitary, stylized cartoon figure whose expression is so engagingly ambivalent (like her double eyes)all contrive to the women place make this seductively simple, flat painting much more complex than it first appears. Their initial appearance notwithstanding, these paintings are no lightweight saccharine drops, but are fully within the canon of serious western painting. Despite the often scabrous humor and the desire to shock typical of a young artist, despite the in-your-face use of effects of solitary confinement collage, dung, and cultural stereotypes, there is a seriousness of purpose that, perhaps fortunately, escapes the who was the president, artist himselfto judge from his many published interviews. For Ofilis work is a meditation upon the human predicament of being enfleshed.

This is where his painting becomes truly interesting and possibly even spiritual. For philosophers, flesh is the great paradox: it is the terrible exception, the meeting point of intellect and will, of effects mind and matter. Flesh is Observation Styles Essay where the confinement, tangible immediacy of the real brushes against the ethereal domain of the logos. Platonists and ascetics long to be rid of who was the president it and to dwell in pure Beingartists and lovers celebrate it and effects confinement protest at Observation Project Essay, its decay. In a late work, the French phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty celebrates this paradox of flesh. Our flesh, he says, is made of the same matter as the world, and yet the two are not the same at of solitary confinement, all. If you touch your right hand with your left: my left hand is on the verge of touching my right hand, touching the Monkey, thing, but I never reach coincidence; the coincidence eclipses at the moment of realization, and one of two things always occurseither my right hand really passes over to the ranks of the touched, but then its hold on the world is interrupted; or it retains its hold on the world, but then I do not really touch it my left hand palpates only its outer covering. The flesh is the effects of solitary, point of uk coincidence between two immiscible ways of seeing the world. For Merleau-Ponty, this coincidence is as much transgression as juxtaposition; for him, the body is the nullpunkt [zero point] of all the effects of solitary, dimensions of the gender uk, world: flesh is weltmoglichkeit that which makes the world possible. Not everyone shares Merleau-Pontys love of paradox. There are always scientists or philosophers who would rather cut the Gordian knot.

For example, in a recent discussion program on BBC Radio on of solitary, the possibility of extraterrestrial intelligence, scientist Paul Davies simply assumed that in a matter of centuries, human beings would have outgrown our frail, unreliable, and disease-prone bodies (his point being that visiting aliens were hardly likely to be embodied little green men). When another panelist challenged his assumption, relating the plot of who was during the open door Fred Hoyles novel The Black Cloud (1960) in effects of solitary confinement which a very advanced alien visitor hovers above the world as a dark vapor, and the one thing on earth that could be found to impress it is Monkey Analysis Essay a masterpiece of interiority, a late Beethoven string quartet, the effects of solitary, scientist replied that this was most unlikely; music was simply a local phenomenon, far too dependent on free etymology, our particular somatic functions and effects of solitary sensibilities to be of eternal significance. Here is the free etymology, crux of the issue: is human flesh simply a local affair? Are its vulnerability and transient beauty, its openness to suffering and love, and its evolutionary necessity to decay, as hymned by poets and effects of solitary confinement celebrated by artists such as Ofili, a transient feature of the universe, to be replaced as soon as possible by Observation of Teaching Styles some more dependable silicon-based rather than carbon matrix; or is the of solitary confinement, celebration of the flesh perhaps humanitys most precious contribution to the sterile and inhospitable cosmos, a home in Observation Project of Teaching Styles Essay the vastness of interstellar space? Poets like to of solitary point out Observation Project of Teaching Styles that the evocation of the philosophers transcendental sublime is effects only ever achieved with extraordinary carnality: the Essay, blood, sweat, and tears of musicians rubbing horsehair against of solitary confinement, catgut, or artists their sable into pigmented oil, or philosophers their ink onto Observation Project of Teaching Essay pulped vegetable matter, their bottoms wedged firmly into library chairs. Philosophers, by contrast, reply that without their fleshless symbolic order, we would not even be able to name or recognize blood, sweat, tearsor bottoms.

Ofilis painting brings this conflict between the effects, spirituality of Project Styles matter and material priority of spirit into direct focus. Speaking of bottoms, Ofilis use of effects of solitary confinement elephant turds almost ubiquitously in the women his earlier works is entirely germane to this debate about the putative eternal quality of flesh. Confinement. Having smuggled back to the UK some of the free etymology, elephant turds he found littering the savannah of a Zimbabwean game park at the end of his revelatory visit, Ofili has thereafter consistently used them (courtesy of London Zoo) both to prop up his paintings (after they have been coated in effects of solitary lacquer and decorated with colorful map pins spelling out the title of the work) and as collage elements in the paintings themselves. The Holy Virgin Marys breast is free etymology a turd, for example, as is the pendant worn by She (1997) and by the heroine of No Woman, No Cry . Effects Confinement. But if Ofilis celebration of fecal matter began as typical of a young artist wishing to epater les bourgeois (and the august mayor of New York gamely fell for it), the viewer cannot help but sense that the turds add more to And Storage his paintings than surprise. There can be no life without its rich fecal counterpart. Even philosophers are aware of this. As Jacques Derrida himself put it: When you smell shit, you smell being. (And it is salutary to remember that the confinement, air we breathe is the excretion of several million years of microorganisms.) But this is a truth easily ignored. If the great minimalist deserts of aesthetic modernism were well in the past by the time Ofili started painting, there still remained in the art world enough of the aura of the empty white cube for its purity to Bridge Analysis be a viable subject for of solitary confinement, blasphemy.

And if by Ofilis own time, postmodern art had produced all manner of curious growths, much of it was little richer or less pretentious. Data And Storage. As Ofilis Captain Shit beat back the enchanted forest of briars and effects of solitary confinement thickets of of brewster sophisticated contemporary art to reawaken the sleeping beauty of fleshly painting and rouse her with a dance, his erect, jovial phallus mocked both the disguised moral Puritanism that went with the aesthetic Puritanism of the intellectualizing artists and hard-edged abstractionists of the 1960s and 70s, and also the vacuous contemporary vogue for Afro-celebration (Judith Nesbitt) of the 1990s. In either case, Ofili the clown was able to slip unmolested through the defenses of the art world. In passing, one should note that although flesh is prone not only to defecation but also to human discrimination on grounds of color, this does not appear to be an important theme. Ofili seems more concerned with celebrating the effects confinement, richness of a particular, very urban culture than using his flesh as a convenient flag under which to fight urban tribal wars.

Lisa Corrin, in Data Essays an article entitled Confounding the Stereotypes, argues that in a laidback, uncorrect way, He confutes the cliches of blackness and slays the sacred cows of political correctnesswhether racist or modernist. As Ofili put it himself, My project is effects of solitary confinement not a PC project. Thats my direct link to blaxploitation. Im trying to make serious things you can laugh at. It allows you to laugh about issues that seem potentially serious. There are no rules. Carol Becker likens Ofili to the mythical trickster: the trickster mixes up the sacred and of Teaching profane; although he appears to debase the sacred by introducing earthly dirt into his/her practicethe visual consequence of this dirtying is the gods eventual renewal. Could it be that Ofilis art is sincerely religious behind its mockery, and effects confinement contains, as she implies, the seeds of religious renewal? Perhaps this is one source of Ofilis evident sense of And Storage Essays spirituality: an exploration in effects paint of the eternal significance of the flesh. If so, it is most effective when unconscious. The vagina-like folds (in the artists words) of the Holy Virgin Marys blue cloak and the blankness of uk her resonant face come across not as blasphemous, despite the pornographic cutouts and elephant-turd breast, but as a surprisingly heartfelt prayer (perhaps an echo of some Marian litany familiar from childhood) for clarity or compassion amid the semi-pornographic blaxploitation movies his circle enjoyed. Effects Confinement. The paint glows with possibilities, and even her turd-breast tricks the mind into varied chains of association, not all of Essay them negative.

Plate 10. Chris Ofili. The Upper Room , 19992002. Installation at Tate Britain, 2005. Courtesy of Victoria Miro Gallery, London. Photo: Stephen White. On the confinement, other hand, Ofilis celebrated installation, The Upper Room, which consciously takes its cue from the Last Supper, is of brewster place less successful.

A series of thirteen brightly colorful, hatted monkeys holding goblets painted against effects, different organic backgrounds are placed in a specially designed, darkened room lined with aromatic tropical walnut and lit with atmospheric spotlights [see Plate 10]. The installation was designed by David Adjaye, the architect and designer who also worked with Ofili on the British pavilion at Venice, and he has used every available device to give a quasi-religious, numinous aura to the works his room contains. The result is a portentous religiosity. The pictures gloriously painted surfaces, glowing in the dark with dazzling brilliancewith implicit spirituality, perhapsare artificially elevated to an explicit profundity whose weight they cannot bear. This is a nonsense: a shrine to no god, an empty tabernacle, a sacred space dedicated to the worst sort of contentless religious experience (spirituality lite, as one critic calls it) crying out for a Gideon to Observation Project of Teaching Styles take an effects confinement axe to it. If this were a conscious attempt to mock the implicit spirituality of the modernist white cube, it would be very funny. But one cannot even laugh aloud in this sacred grove for fear of offending the good pagans who are exhorting their children in hushed tones to look at the beautiful monkeys. Adjaye has explained that he created a consciously religious space, a meditative chamber: it was as though the light created a window to some other world. Ofilis painting is sufficiently rich not to need otherworldly assistance.

Wherein, then, lies his spirituality? Ofili represents the flesh of women and men, certainly, but perhaps too, as Merleau-Ponty describes it, the And Storage Essays, flesh of the universe. The flesh of the world is not explained by the flesh of the body. The flesh of the world cant touch itself, like my flesh. It is touchable, but cannot touch. And yet, despite appearances, the effects confinement, world is not something out there, final and complete. Analysis Essay. The visible is confinement not full presence, total immediacy. The visible is not a chunk of absolutely hard, indivisible being, offered all naked to a vision which could only be total or null, but it is rather a sort of straits between internal and external horizons. And so, Merleau-Ponty adds, I still call it fleshbecause it is pregnant with possibility. It is surely no accident that Saint John uses this metaphor for Jesuss incarnation: The Word became flesh, and dwelt among us. For Saint John, the Observation of Teaching Styles Essay, impossible union of of solitary confinement divinity and Data Essays humanity actually takes place in Jesuss flesh, just as for Merleau-Ponty, flesh is the impossible but actual emulsion that holds together those immiscible contraries: internal and external horizons, sensation and logos, that conjunction of first person and third person, so easily conjugated in the grammarians table, and yet the sign in the space on the page, as R.S. Thomas puts it, that is the grammarians torment and the mystery at the cells core, and the equation that will not come out. In an article on Paul Ricoeur, Pierre Caussat suggests that even in a postmodern world without big themes or metanarrative, philosophy still has an important role to play: not to provide a unified answer to confinement everything (as was once hoped), but simply to try to reassemble the fragmentary results of the human sciences. Reassemble: thats conjuring the fragments into a bouquet, certainly not unitary, but at least harmonious, even symphonic. What better description of Ofilis work at its best could there be than as a bouquet conjured of the fragments of everyday life in Monkey Bridge all its multifaceted varietyelephant turds and pornographic images includedall brought together in a harmonious or even symphonic ensemble? In a sense, all good art recapitulates in miniature the processes of life itself.

Just as microorganisms created our atmosphere out of sterile methane, and of solitary just as the multiplicity of earthly life in general creates organic out of inorganic substance, producing fertile loam (shit, even) out of bare matter, so human beings are turning matter into Data Essays, world. Of Solitary Confinement. On earth, the dust of the Bridge, Milky Way becomes vulnerable, frail, sensuous flesh, the home both of godlike reason and divine compassion; and art somehow, in some miracle of incarnation, celebrates the paradox of flesh that clothes them both. Perhaps in the symphonic bouquet that is Ofilis painting, the sense of spirituality we gain is effects precisely that. The Image archive is supported in part by an award from the National Endowment for the Arts. Access one piece of artwork every month for free!

To experience the full archive, log in or subscribe. Jill Noel Kandel. The Avant-Garde and Observation Project Essay Sacred Discontent: Contemporary Performance Artists Meet Ancient Jewish Prophets. Access one piece of artwork every month for free! To experience the full archive, log in or subscribe.