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brumm resume Kenneth M. Brumm, CPA. 1713 Sicily Drive, Longmont, Colorado 80503. Phone: (303) 596-8861 kbrumm@mac.com. Kenneth Brumm is an outstanding finance professional with over fifteen years of spanish war SAP and ERP implementation, process consulting, and how to make up, business transformation experience. He has a public accounting background with a first tier accounting firm and is a Certified Public Accountant in of the war, the State of Colorado. Mr. Brumm has provided thoughtful expertise to organizations in a wide range of industries including pharmaceuticals, financial services, telecommunications, publishing, semi-conductors, logistics, real estate, aerospace and defense, retail, public sector, and federal government. He has deep experience in all phases of the project life cycle and mood, has a proven track record delivering value and results under tight deadlines and in rapidly changing environments. He believes he can make a positive impact on an organization, its processes, and its people while eagerly applying emerging technologies and methodologies to current challenges.

He is outcome of the american persistent is his drive to improve business processes and system capabilities and has found his niche as a collaborative link between Business and IT. Software: SAP R/3 releases Enterprise 3.1H through ECC 6.0; SAP Solution Manager; SAP Enterprise Portal; SAP BI; SAP POSDM; Vertex Integration; Retalix (R10) Project Tools: All Microsoft Office Products (Outlook, Word, Excel, Visio, Project, Access, SharePoint); Lotus Notes; Caliber; Star Team; Infopak; Rational Clearquest; Rational Requisite Pro; WebEx; HP Quality Center; 1099 Pro; SharePoint; Clarity; ARIS; Education: BS Accounting, University of Ethical Development Essay Florida. Certified SAP FI/CO Consultant (SAP Partner Academy August 1998-September 1998); Certified ASAP Consultant; SAP Tax configuration; MySAP overview; Profitability Analysis, Product Cost Accounting, Project Systems Overview. Communication: Strong written and oral communication skills. Proficient management skills. Skilled at developing training materials and delivering group and train-the-trainer training. Venetia Partners, LLC.

July 2012 to Present - Consultant. Significant Project Work: Polyconcept North America, Miami, FL. June 2015 to outcome of the american, Present ? Record to Report Process Lead. ERP Process Alignment and Implementation - Process Lead for Finance (Record to Report). Worked with senior management to about, develop the of the enterprise operating model. Responsible for documenting the existing business processes and working with the business and IT organizations to align multiple businesses on a common ERP system and set of best-practice business processes. Mood Of The Lottery? Developed business case for proposed implementation and performed high level and of the war, detailed designs.

Johnson Controls Inc., Milwaukee, WI. January 2015 to May 2015 ? SAP Tools Application Architecture Analyst. Of The Lottery? ECC 6.0 Global Multi-Industry Implementation ? Manufacturing and Services. Responsible for discovery and american, implementation of project tools used to support overall SAP solution in areas of application security, output management (email, fax, printing), content management, test management, and end-user monitoring. Performed Total Cost of Ownership analysis to of the, support SaaS vs. On-Premise deployment decision. July 2014 to January 2015 ? SAP Project Accounting and Fixed Assets Process Lead. ECC 6.0 Global Multi-Industry Implementation and Process Alignment ? Manufacturing and Services. Project Systems and Fixed Asset Process Lead. Responsible for high-level process design for Project Systems and Fixed Assets business processes.

Worked with the business and IT to align multiple business units on a common system and set of processes. Outcome Spanish? Venetia Partners/Carpenter Technology, Athens, Alabama. January 2014 to what black power movement, March 2014 ? SAP Consultant. ECC 6.0 Mid-size Fixed Asset Implementation on Productive Client ? Manufacturing. Fixed asset lead. Responsible for implementing fixed asset functionality.

Performed configuration of asset management module including US tax depreciation areas. Created test scripts, worked with business process owners to perform testing, created BPP?s, performed conversions for fixed assets, and provided training to end users. Venetia Partners/Clarkston Consulting/Auxilium Pharmaceuticals, Chesterbrook, Pennsylvania. Spanish American War? April 2013 to April 2014 ? Contract SAP Consultant. ECC 6.0 Mid-size Full Life Cycle Implementation ? Pharmaceuticals. Fixed asset lead and FI team member responsible for GL, accounts payable, and fixed asset functionality. Facilitated blueprinting workshops, documented business processes and design, performed configuration of asset management module including SAP investment management functionality, 1099 reporting, house banks, payment program, ACH payments using payment medium workbench, sales and use taxes, foreign currency valuation, and general GL items.

Created test scripts, worked with business process owners to perform testing, created BPP?s, performed conversions for make up, fixed assets, FI, and CO objects using LSMW functionality. Created functional specifications for and worked with developers to implement an Aggregate Spend reporting extract and process as well as various GL and AP upload programs. Provided end-user training. Venetia Partners/Target Corporation, Minneapolis, Minnesota. July 2012 to February 2013 ? SAP Consultant. ECC 6.0 Implementation ? Retail. Cross-release Tax Testing Lead. Responsible for tax testing and defect resolution for multiple deployments related to the initial rollout of the Target Canada retail stores.

This was a complex organizational and technical environment and the largest SAP Retail implementation to date. The first deployment delivered Canadian retail sales tax and VAT for direct and outcome of the american, indirect procurement transactions and the second deployment involved tax on point of sale transactions at the stores. How To Put On Up? Worked with the Target Corporate International Indirect Tax Department, testing teams, and the SAP-ECC, SAP-POSDM, Vertex, and outcome, Retalix R10 (Point of Sale) integrators in order to power, test the system, deliver requirements, resolve defects, and war, support previous releases. Responsible for designing tax test scenarios, calculating detailed expected results, and verifying actual results for all iterations of testing. Independent SAP/ERP Consultant. March 2001 to June 2012. Significant Project Work: Grom/Titan America, Roanoke, Virginia. May 2012 to June 2012 - Contract SAP Consultant.

ECC 6.0 Production Environment ? Manufacturing. FI Support. Performed configuration and Essay Educational for Police, testing for payment program, house banks, company code settings, parallel currencies, and month-end foreign currency valuation for new Canadian company code. Performed SAP configuration and testing of Canadian sales taxes for use with Vertex tax software. PwC/United Nations, New York, New York.

November 2011 to April 2012 - Contract SAP Consultant. American War? ECC 6.0 New Implementation ? Public Sector. Accounts receivable lead. Performed blueprint and what was the, design phases. Responsible for accounts receivable configuration including business partner integration. Performed testing and prepared functional specification documents for complex custom processes relating to assessed contribution (billings to and collections from member states). CSC/Kiewit-TIC, Denver, Colorado and outcome spanish war, Omaha, Nebraska. Was The Black Power Movement? January 2011 to October 2011 - Contract SAP Consultant. Outcome American? ECC 6.0 New Implementation ? Construction Industry. How To Write? Accounts payable lead and fixed asset team member.

Performed blueprint and design phases. Included integration with Vertex, Norikkon A-Pay Suite, payment program, ACH payments, DME Engine, positive pay, and outcome spanish, interfaces to treasury and mood, expense report systems. Performed SAP implementation and support projects primarily in area of FI-Accounts Payable. FI resource for OCR imaging project. Configured payment program, ACH payments with payment medium workbench, ACH email remittance advice, and 1099 and 1042 reporting. Resources Global Professionals/United Launch Alliance (ULA), Denver, Colorado. July 2010 to December 2010 - Contract SAP Consultant. ECC 6.0 Productive Environment ? Aerospace and Defense Industry. Outcome? Developed test plan and performed testing for Warehouse Management role redesign, which was required to ensure proper separation of duties. Developed training materials and desktop instructions for SAP navigation and reporting. HCL-Axon/Hospira, Lake Forest, Illinois.

February 2010 to July 2010 - Contract SAP Consultant. How To Write? ECC 6.0 Business Process Re-design ? Pharmaceutical Industry. Collaborated with procurement business and outcome american war, technical leads to assess current purchase-to-pay business processes and provide SAP best practice and process improvement recommendations to management of background of study this life sciences company. Planned and facilitated as-is and to-be workshops for accounts payable processes with particular emphasis on the touch points between purchasing and accounts payable. Business model incorporated an offshore outsourced shared-services center. ECC 6.0 Plant Rollout. Performed blueprinting activities in areas of accounts payable, taxes, and fixed assets for outcome of the spanish american war, this planned rollout of SAP to multiple international plants and mood of the, company codes. Outcome Spanish American? Facilitated blueprinting workshops with business and IT stakeholders.

Created high level design documents, process flows, and functional specifications. FDA validated environment. Resources Global Professionals/United Launch Alliance (ULA), Denver, Colorado. February 2008 to December 2009 - Contract SAP Consultant. ULA is a joint venture formed between Boeing and Lockheed Martin to combine their Delta and Essay, Atlas launch services programs into a single new business as directed by american, the federal government. ECC 6.0 Support and Phase 2 Rollout. Functional role reporting to the business. Mood Lottery? Acted as the communication contact point between the business and the SAP functional and technical teams. Worked with the accounts payable, procurement, accounting, and of the spanish american, tax departments to support the SAP productive system.

Performed support and implementation activities in mood of the lottery, the areas of accounts payable, logistics invoice verification, and for the integration points between procurement and of the war, accounts payable (MM and how to make up, FI modules). Project included integration of a major business unit into SAP and outcome of the spanish american, the development of specifications for SAP BI reporting for legacy purchase order and up, invoice data. Reviewed the war invoicing and payment business processes and made recommendations to management and business owners across departments. Included documentation of related process flows, implementation of changes, and training. Developed the 1099 reporting process utilizing external 1099 PRO software in order to combine SAP, legacy system, and P-card data for 1099 reporting. ECC 6.0 Upgrade and Implementation. This functional role reported to the business.

Worked closely with management level business process owners in areas of general ledger, accounts payable, and fixed assets to validate designed functionality and perform knowledge transfer. Worked with process team to help them document the Personal Development to-be processes for these areas. Performed integration testing and security role testing and review. Worked with business owners to plan for cutover activities. IBM/Department of Interior, Denver, Colorado. Outcome Spanish? May 2006 to October 2007 - Contract SAP Consultant / Functional Lead. About Representation? ECC 5.0 Large Full Cycle Upgrade and Implementation ? Federal Government. This was a functional lead role which involved working closely with decision makers and business process owners of the accounts payable, travel/permanent change of station (PCS), and charge card processes.

Organized and facilitated blueprinting workshops to drive design decisions for new processes based on requirements. Documented the new processes and flows. Worked with configuration, portal, SAP-BI, security, and development (ABAP) teams to perform configuration, build required development objects, and outcome of the spanish american, design sap portal screens, BI reports and security roles. Performed testing, training, and production support. R/3 4.7 Large Full Life Cycle Federal Government Implementation. Functional role responsible for designing and Essay Educational Requiremenmts Officers, implementing a complex custom charge card solution. Worked closely with management level business process owners, and the configuration, security, portal, and outcome war, development (ABAP) teams to build the required custom SAP development objects and perform the actual conversions and Ethical Essay, data validations. Performed testing and provided post go-live production support. Accenture/PepsiCo, Chicago, Illinois. February 2006 to war, April 2006 - Contract SAP Consultant.

ECC 5.0 Blueprinting and how to of study, Realization. Responsible for implementing a custom 1099 reporting solution for the second release of a phased roll out. The solution combined SAP accounts payable, external legacy, and Pcard 1099 data for reporting purposes and provided maintenance capabilities for the related custom tables. Outcome American? Facilitated blueprinting workshops with decision makers, documented design specifications and business process, and performed configuration. Worked with offshore developer to build custom tables, transactions, programs, and interfaces. Of The? Developed test scripts and performed testing. Broe Companies, Denver, Colorado. July 2005 to February 2006 - Contract SAP Consultant. ECC 5.0 Full Life Cycle Implementation ? Functional role for a multi-company, country and industry implementation. Responsible for accounts payable, accounts receivable, and war, fixed assets. Facilitated blueprinting workshops, documented business processes and design, performed all related configuration, created test scripts, worked with business process owners to perform testing, developed training materials, delivered group training, managed conversions, and provided production support.

Configured asset management module including SAP investment management functionality. What Power Movement? Configured accounts receivable and lockboxes for multiple US and Canadian company codes. Configured accounts payable, logistics invoice verification (LIV), house banks and payment program for multiple US and Canadian banks and company codes. Performed tax configuration for US sales and outcome of the war, use tax and Canadian VAT taxes. Worked with ABAP developers to perform and validate customer master, vendor master, and how to, fixed asset conversions. HP Consulting/DHL, Seattle, Washington. August 2004 to of the spanish american war, July 2005 - Contract SAP Consultant/Mentor. R/3 4.7 Enterprise Large Full Life Cycle Implementation ? Transportation Industry. Background? Mentored functional directors and managers in areas of accounts payable and fixed assets from project design stage through go-live.

This was successful, high-pressure project with tight deadlines and multiple locations. Worked with configuration and of the spanish war, development (ABAP) teams and users to of the lottery, build and test system functionality and development objects. Outcome War? Exposure to was the power, SAP Portals functionality and accounts payable imaging solution. Complex environment involved legacy master data and processes from multiple environments including Oracle and JD Edwards. Janus Capital Group, Denver, Colorado. April 2004 to August 2004 - Contract SAP Consultant.

R/3 4.6B Asset Management Implementation ? Financial Services Industry. Responsible for implementing asset management in a small productive SAP environment. Of The War? Performed design, configuration, testing, training, documentation, master data conversion, and how to put on, project planning. Configured asset management module and investment management functionality to enable use of internal orders as investment measures for management of assets under construction. Created training materials and trained end users. War? Orica USA, Inc., Denver, Colorado. March 2004 to August 2004 - Contract SAP Consultant. R/3 4.6B Production Support. Performed FI/CO support for Personal Development Essay, SAP R/3 4.6B productive environment. This functional role involved configuration in areas of of the american war profitability analysis, general ledger, and was the black power, accounts payable. Accenture/IRS, Reston, Virginia.

May 2003 to October 2003 - Contract SAP Consultant. Outcome Of The American War? R/3 4.6C Full Life Cycle Implementation - Federal Government. Functional role. Performed design, configuration, testing, and documentation of accounts payable and disbursements, and treasury loan accounting functionality. Worked closely with ABAP developers to build and test significant custom functionality to meet IRS requirements. Worked with the Accenture training team to background, develop training materials to be utilized for the nationwide rollout of the program. Provided post go-live production support. Presented proof-of-concept to high level IRS decision makers. This SAP/Siebel productive system managed receipts, disbursements, accounting, and participant data for the IRS Health Coverage Tax Credit program. Go-live was achieved in only six weeks from beginning of project in outcome spanish war, order to successfully meet the IRS deadline. Pearson Technology, Old Tappan, New Jersey.

June 2002 to November 2002 - Contract SAP Consultant. Essay Educational Officers? R/3 4.6C Implementation - Publishing Industry. Spanish American War? Performed process and transaction testing in areas of accounts payable and what black movement, disbursements for this large project in the final stages leading up to Go-Live. Worked with ABAP developer and functional team to perform vendor master data and american, financial history conversions. How To Write Background Of Study? Worked with developers to design and outcome of the war, test custom 1099 tax reporting functionality and related reports. Janus Capital Group, Denver, Colorado. April 2002 to May 2002 - Contract SAP Consultant.

R/3 4.6C Production Support - Financial Services Company. Performed consulting services relating to accounts payable and disbursements. Assessed and reconfigured accounts payable and of the, payment program functionality. Outcome Of The Spanish? Configured VAT and sales and use tax configuration to improve accuracy and efficiency of about No Taxation processing for U.S. and international company codes. Outcome Of The Spanish War? Reviewed and updated invoice blocking reason tolerance settings. Documented and tested all changes. Created functional specification document for custom duplicate invoice report. About Educational Requiremenmts Officers? Lucent Technologies, Warren, New Jersey. March 2001 to November 2001 - Contract SAP Consultant.

R/3 3.1I Distributed Environment EURO Currency Conversion and Production Support. Of The Spanish American? Member of team responsible for Euro currency conversion. Performed accounts payable and purchasing production support role. Client had over 100 company codes internationally including Europe, Asia and South and Central America. Vertex bolt-on software was utilized for tax transactions.

Performed planning, preparation, and testing for EURO conversion of distributed SAP system having environments crossing multiple SAP releases. No Taxation Without Representation? Responsible for all new configuration in areas of purchasing, accounts payable, house banks, foreign currency, payment program, and for the creation of of the spanish american war new international company codes in SAP 3.1I and 4.6C environments. Responsible for configuration of SAP environment used by treasury department specifically to manage wire, ACH, and check disbursements via bank interfaces. No Taxation? Performed significant configuration to incorporate new subsidiaries. Outcome Of The Spanish? Clarkston Consulting, Durham, North Carolina. July 1998 to January 2001 - Senior SAP Consultant. Worked as a consultant with this recognized provider of about Educational Requiremenmts strategic business and technology services.

Significant projects are outlined below: Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Danbury, Connecticut. January 2000 to January 2001. SAP R/3 4.5A Full Life Cycle Implementation ? Pharmaceutical Industry. For this multi-national company, worked with a team responsible for american war, implementing a fully FDA validated system. About? Member of outcome american Procurement team. How To Put On Make? ? Facilitated blueprint and proof-of-concept workshops with purchasing and accounts payable management business process owners. ? Responsibilities included design, configuration, testing, end-user training, knowledge transfer, and production support in the areas of accounts payable, purchasing, vendor master, house banks, payment program, sales and use tax, foreign currency, deposits, logistics invoice verification (LIV), account determination, and integration points between MM and FI modules. ? Worked with developers to design and test interfaces between SAP and external systems including Vertex tax bolt-on software, SAP workflow with MS-Outlook messaging, and vendor and bank related interfaces. Maintained related Mercator middleware cross-reference tables. Inbound and outbound bank related interfaces included ACH transfers, EDI disbursements, positive pay, and check clearing. ? Worked with ABAP developer to outcome spanish war, design and test a SAPScript for local check printing. Innovative Home Products, Detroit, Michigan. SAP R/3 4.5A Implementation - Manufacturing. Developed training materials and provided end-user training on accounts payable and of the, invoice verification functionality of the productive system for this manufacturing company.

RF Micro Devices, Greensboro, North Carolina. August 1999 to of the spanish war, November 1999. What Power Movement? SAP R/3 4.0 Implementation ? Semiconductor Manufacturer. Provided consulting services on the SAP financial and controlling modules. American War? Joined this project during final stages of configuration and how to make up, remained through cutover and subsequent production support. ? Responsibilities included final configuration and outcome of the, testing in the areas of accounts payable, accounts receivable, general ledger, fixed assets, cost center accounting, assessments, and internal orders. About Educational For Police Officers? Utilized internal orders to settle construction in progress balances to fixed assets. Spanish American War? ? Performed the general ledger and fixed asset data conversions. ? Created general ledger report painter reports including cash flow statement. ? Delivered training on Essay about No Taxation Representation, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and outcome spanish american war, fixed assets. Nycomed Amersham, Princeton, New Jersey. September 1998 to July 1999.

SAP R/3 3.1H Full Life Cycle Implementation ? Pharmaceutical Industry. Worked with a team to migrate a foreign subsidiary into an existing productive environment. Finance team member. ? Responsibilities included design, configuration, testing, and training in the areas of accounts payable, general ledger, fixed assets, cost center planning, assessments, internal orders, business areas, validation rules, account determination, and foreign currency valuation, house banks, and payment program. ? Configured Canadian company code and about No Taxation Representation, parallel currencies to support Canadian Dollar. ? Responsible for conversion of fixed asset master records and fixed asset balances. Outcome Spanish? Also assisted in loading of cost center plan data using upload designed for that purpose. ? Provided solution for how to of study, business area production issue involving intercompany balances and cash disbursements. ? Responsible for Vendor conversion and of the spanish american, SAPScript for local check printing using a MICR encoded font. Cherry Creek Mortgage Company, Denver, Colorado.

July 1995 to April 1998 - Assistant Vice President, Secondary Marketing. Power? Managed the secondary marketing and spanish war, post closing operations of this regional mortgage banking company. ? Responsible for risk management of the mortgage loan pipeline. Managed secondary marketing and post closing departments. ? Performed research for and roll-out of new loan products. Negotiated loan purchase agreements with investors, and developed loan pricing models. ? Managed the implementation of the AMB (Accounting for what was the black power movement, Mortgage Bankers) general ledger and loan accounting system. Strategic Partners Ltd., Denver Colorado.

May 1994 to July 1995 ? Consultant/Co-Owner. Worked as a consultant with this local consulting firm to provide advertising, marketing and management consulting services. Performed financial analysis and of the spanish war, developed marketing plans. Created sales proposals and performed sales presentations. Developed company operating policies and procedures.

KPMG, West Palm Beach, Florida and Denver, Colorado. January 1990 to May 1994 - Supervising Senior Accountant. Big Four accounting experience. Planned and supervised audit, litigation support, and Essay for Police, due diligence engagements for clients in various industries including agribusiness, real estate, hospitality, banking, and healthcare.

Results of the Spanish-American War - United States

Outcome of the spanish american war

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mat117 homework SCCC MAT117 Morales Home. Midterm and spanish american Final Exam Practice Problems are now on WAMAP. Please email you FINAL powerpoint presentation file to me by 7am on Essay about No Taxation the day you are presenting Team Presentations 12PM (Randomly chosen order) Wed: 11, 12, 10 Thurs: 14, 9, 8 Fri: 15, 16 Team Presentations 8AM (Randomly chosen order) Thur: 1, 3 Fri: 2, 4. Midterm and Final Exam Practice Problems are now on WAMAP. Due Wed: Draft of Section Two of the Business Report . 1 to 2 pages maximum. Single spaced. One inch margins all around. Team Presentations 12PM (Randomly chosen order) Wed: 11, 12, 10 Thurs: 14, 9, 8 Fri: 15, 16 Team Presentations 8AM (Randomly chosen order) Thur: 1, 3 Fri: 2, 4. Ch 15/16 Update due Friday Your Section One (Individual) draft of the Written Report is due in class on Friday.

Bring one copy for me and one for each of your team members. Your Section Two draft will be due next Wednesday. See Mar 5 announcements for lots of new stuff. Scholarship Sessions coming up. Of The Spanish. Information here.Info session here. Check out the Due Date Calendar for a peek at the tentative schedule for Essay Educational for Police, the rest of the quarter.

Ch 15/16 Update is of the war, now available and Essay about No Taxation due on Friday. Due Friday: After you read Business Report Guide , write a draft of the first page, Overview and Background. While you don't know the final bid/profits for your project, you can still write a draft and fill in outcome of the spanish american the final numbers later. How To Background Of Study. BRING ONE COPY FOR THE INSTRUCTOR AND ONE COPY FOR EACH OF YOUR TEAM MEMBERS. After you read each other's drafts, you can have a discussion of what your final team Overview and Background section will look like, choosing good ideas from outcome of the spanish war each of your members. It is Essay Educational Requiremenmts Officers, NOT okay to just choose the spanish american war best of the team. I will be comparing your final report to Personal Ethical Essay your drafts to outcome of the spanish war make sure you work as a team on the final report. Essay About. You will also be asked to do a draft of the Basic Analysis section as well, so you may want to start thinking about that as well. GUESS WHAT! : Next week is the outcome spanish war last week of the quarter before finals.

Ack! That went fast. This means we will be doing oral presentations next week on the second project. (Your written report will be due the following week.) So you need to start planning for that. Put On. I sugges you look at the announcements from Mar 2 for links on how to give oral presentations. It might help you get organized. Final Exam: The final exam dates and times are on american war now on write background the due date calendar. The final exam will consist of two hours. Outcome American War. Part One will actually be the second midterm (one hour).

Part Two will be a mini-final exam that covers material from both projects and will focus on the basic ideas from both projects (also one hour). I will be posting the Ch 15/16 Update later today. Check back. Due Wednesday : After you read the Business Report Guide, each member of your team should write up the first page/section of the Essay about No Taxation without Representation report titled the Overview and Background section. Bring one copy for the instructor and one for each member of your team. Spanish American War. You will exchange your work and read each other's drafts. Personal Ethical Essay. You are then expected to discuss what elements from each your team might use. It is NOT acceptable just to choose the best one . Outcome Spanish War. Your final product should be a team effort that incorporates the best elements from all of your team mates.

Keep in Ethical mind that this is still just a draft but is intended to get you started writing the final report now. You will receive a few project points (3 to 5) for doing assignment. Outcome Of The American. I will not be readingor grading them in detail. only Personal Ethical Essay giving credit for doing the assignment. A Business Report Guide and Sample is now available at this link for the Auction Project. Please print and read this carefully and outcome of the spanish war use this as your guide for the upcoming report. Personal Essay. It's not perfect, but it gives you a good idea of what I will looking for on outcome of the american war your final report. See this link for 11 Ways to was the power Improve Your Writing and Your Business (I use this link to edit my report after I had initially posted it Thursday night) See this link for Business Writing Help . The Link on war Reports is how to write of study, particularly interesting (See the General Reports Section) See this link on How to Give Winning Oral Presentations . I really like the the figure in Section D that talks about of the spanish war how to structure a presentation. The Rule of make Three says that the best and outcome spanish most memorable business presentation have at Essay most three key points. The Presentation Outline link on this page may be useful as well.

Today in spanish american war class, please work on the following. This will become the basis for the Ch15/16 Update which I'll post this weekend. Essay About No Taxation Representation. Determine your team's Winner's Curse (everyone should have the same number). Briefly explain how you got it. Outcome Of The American War. Build a table of adjustments as in Ch 16 where all your competitors bid the of the WC and you bid other values.

Determine the expected profits for each of these. WARNING: I suggest you do this as a team and war you use a single, reliable simulation file that you know is movement, working correctly. Split up the simulations to make things go more quickly. Find a fourth-degree polynomial that models your expected profits. Graph it. Outcome Of The American. (Use at least three significant digits for about No Taxation Representation, each term) Find the marginal profit equation. Outcome. Determine where the derivative is 0. Why is this point important?

Use this information to was the black determine your company's optimal adjustment AND optimal bid when all other teams bid the WC. Estimate the outcome war profits you can expect to receive (in all auctions) from the write background optimal adjustment in this context. Determine expected profits for only those auctions you win in of the spanish this context. Explain how you got your result. Determine expected profits of your competitors for all auctions in this context. Explain how you got your result. Essay About Requiremenmts For Police. Determine expected profits of outcome of the american war your competitors for only those auctions they win in this context. How To Make Up. Explain how you got your result. American War. Determine your and your competitors probabilities for winning an auction in this context.

Explain how you got your result. Chapter 17 Reading Questions due Friday Chapter 15 Homework Due Friday. Here is the Officers working Excel File I will use in class today. Chapter 16 Homework is the LAST online homework for american, the quarter. How To Make. The problems in Ch 17 18 are too hard to program (for now), so we'll take a different approach on that material. Please submit the Team Evaluation Form by Wed. Your team's final project grade will not be posted until all members of your team do so. I finished reading and grading the projects this weekend. I need to write up a team evaluation form and hand it out tomorrow before I finalize and outcome spanish american war post grades. Ch 14 Homework and how to write background Update is Due Tuesday.

Please Read Ch 16 for tomorrow. I did not have time to write the of the spanish american reading questions so those may (or may not) be posted later. Development. The Team Evaluation Form is now available and is due Wednesday. Please do not fill it out until after we discuss in on Tuesday. Ch 14 Update is due Monday Tuesday Ch 14 Homework also due Tuesday. Ch 13 Update and Homework Due Wednesday Ch 12-14 Quiz on Friday in Class The Chapter 14 Update can be dowloaded here . Of The Spanish American War. Right click to put on make save it and then edit it. Chapter 15 Reading Questions are due Thursday. I forgot to of the spanish american war post Ch 14 Reading Questions so those won't be due Ch 13 Online Homework is due Wed, 2/21 at 8am Ch 13 Update due Wed, 2/21, in class As of lottery 11:00 AM on Friday, here is a ranking of students in this course.

If you do any online homework, your percent may be slightly altered, but this gives you a sense of where you stand relative to others. As you can see from the histogram, the outcome spanish american grades are skewed to Essay No Taxation the high end. These do not reflect the projects yet. Total Points (Out of 414) The Ch 13 Update file is now available. Spanish American War. Due Date not yet set. Ch 13 WAMAP Homework now available.

Due Date not yet set. Ch 13 Reading Questions Due Wed Written Report Due Wed Ch 13 Homework should be up soon. Ethical Development. Ch 14 Reading Q's will be up soon as well. Ch 12 Reading Questions Due Tuesday Teams: Unless you received an email from me, assume you will be in the SAME group that you were for the Marketing Project. Everyone who made any comments (on the Team Assignment form) about outcome of the spanish what team they wanted to be on indicated they did not want to change, so generally I'm not going to mess with the teams. No Office Hours Today - I will be substituting for Personal Ethical, another instructor who is out sick. Academic Integrity It has come to spanish war my attention that despite me asking students NOT to share information about the Personal Ethical Development midterm exam between the 8 and 12:00 classes, this still happened. Of The Spanish War. (I saw it with my own eyes.) This is not the only breach of how to write background of study integrity that I have found this quarter. For this reason, I can no longer easily trust that students in these courses are going to honor the student code of the college and the course and outcome of the american will be implementing the following: Grading on the midterms and final will be particularly tough, but uniform. Expect a particularly thorough and demanding second midterm and final exam. No more extra credit assignments will be given for how to background of study, this quarter.

Furthermore, the current Extra Credits assignments that are online and outcome american not yet due will not count as extra credit and all scores will voided. Any future breaches of academic integrity will most likely lead to mood of the lottery reports being filed with the Vice Presidents of outcome american Students and Instruction. Educational Requiremenmts. If you're upset about this, then join the club. I am very upset that I am being put into this position by students. I don't like having to do things like this, but I don't feel I have much choice. I suggest that if you are upset and outcome spanish american war know of this kind of activity, you do your best to communicate to Personal Ethical Essay other students how their conduct affects not just them, but others as well. I've already spoken to my Dean about this situation and given him details, my decisions, and of the american war the actions I'm taking and will be taking. He has indicated that he supports my decisions, but is open to any comments you feel you need to Essay about Requiremenmts for Police share with him. New Due Dates Ch 10 Homework Due Monday. Ch 10 Update due Monday. This is now Extra Credit (and therefore optional) Written Report Due Wed by 2PM in printed form Midterm still on Friday Team Plan (for written report) due by Friday New Team Assignment Form due Friday.

Due to computer lab problems, the Ch 8/9 Update is outcome of the american, now due Tuesday. Oral Presentation Order (From a Random Draw) 8AM Class Tue - Open Day to work in teams Wed - Team 2, Team 1, Team 5 Thur - Team 3, Team 4 12PM class Tues - Team 9, Team 10, Team 6 Wed - Team 14, Team 15, Team 16 Thurs - Team 11, Team 8, Team 12 Oral Presentation Rules Your team must email me a FINAL version of your powerpoint presentation by 7AM on the morning your present so I can print it before class. Failure to do this, or having to change your presentation during class, will lead to a 5 point penalty. Personal Development. You must attend all days, even if your team is not presenting. Each day of attendance is one point, as usual.

For each class you miss when you are not presenting, you will be penalilzed 3 attendance points for outcome of the war, the quarter. Do not enter the room late during another team's presentation. If you do so, you will be penalized 3 attendance points in the quarter. Wait for their presentation to end and then enter (for only a one point deduction) I'm being strict about this because I feel it's rude to not attend others' presentations when they attend yours, as is Personal Ethical, walking in during their presentation and war disrupting it. We will have a short quiz on black power movement Ch 8 on Monday. I've created another interesting extra credit assignment on WAMAP.

It's available until next Tues. We will be finishing Ch 10 today or tomorrow. Next Week's Schedule: Mon - Most likely a day to work in teams. Possible short quiz on Chapter 8. Chapter 8 Update Due. Tue, Wed, Thu - Oral Presentations. We'll randomly determine the outcome of the order on how to up Monday. Fri - Midterm Here's some reading on Consumer's Surplus if you are interested. After the american war midterm and projects, I may have an EX project on this reading.

I've extended the Ch 10 Reading Question deadline to Thursday since there was an error on the calendar. Chapter 10 Lecture Notes Project Guidelines - Oral Report 7 minutes total. Group order to how to background be determined. Be prepared to go as early as Tuesday of next week. All group members must talk and of the spanish participate significantly All group members must be prepared to answer any question Consider your audience to be a group of black movement business professionals. Be careful with how mathematical or technical you are. It's only of the war 7 minutes and you have the written presentation to fill in Essay about Educational Officers details. Practice your presentation. You'll be cut off at 7 minutes so make sure it works.

Business attire (or something reasonable) is expected. Of The. No jeans, t-shirts, etc. Project Guidelines - Written Report Follow this general outline . Consider your audience to be a group of business professionals who want to see a reasonable (not excessive) level of mathematical quantitative detail. Pay attention to detail. Make. color, graphs, layout, fonts, etc. Make it look like something you would turn into a boss who you are trying to impress. Excluding the cover, table of contents, and signature page, you have 10 page limit . This includes graphs, tables, equations, calculations, etc.

Explain your reasoning and process, don't just fill in spots in outcome of the the outline with numbers, results, etc. this is a quick way to maximum grade of Personal Development C. See the Grading Guidelines for information that might help you prepare these report. The numbers given there are percents and may be adjusted when entered into the gradebook. Ch 10 Reading Questions are due Wednesday. American War. Ch 8 Homework Due Friday. Ch 6/7 Update due tomorrow. If you need an how to write of study extension on spanish war an online assignment, fill out one of black these forms , or send me an email requesting the extension. You are allowed two extensions for the quarter. This is different than the WAMAP form , which can be used to report potential problems on outcome of the spanish american an individual assignment. Ch 8 HW is now available. It's longer than normal so don't put it off.

Based on what we did in class on how to Friday, you can attempt problems 1-15. Problems 16 on have yet to be discussed in class, so you may want to spanish hold off on those until after lecture. Due Date yet to be set. It's Week 5 already. And we are close to finishing the first project, so start working on your Team Oral Presentations.

You will have a SEVEN MINUTE limit, no exceptions. Oral Presentations are scheduled for the middle of mood of the lottery next week . Written reports will be due early the following week. Of The American. Also, the project midterm is set for next week, probably earlier in the week. Quiz 2 in put on make class on Monday as previously announced. I received this email today from a student who took 116/117 last year. I thought I'd share it with you. :-) Greetings from University of outcome spanish war Oregon. Personal Ethical Development Essay. This email is from . I am currently taking upper level Business Communication, Management, and two Finance courses. Both in spanish war Business Communication and Management, I earned A on my first assignment - business write-ups or case analysis papers-. I truly believe that my business writing skills were developed in the Math116-117 classes at SCCC.

When I start writing, I know how it should be structured so that it is plain, simple, and concise easy-to-read memo or report. Educational Requiremenmts For Police Officers. Thank you so much for the classes. I had many challenges in the Math116-117, but it all paid off :-) I got very excited when I did well in war the assignments in the two classes here at of study UofO, and I thought I would let you know how grateful I am to outcome of the american war the education I obtained in Math116-117! Ch 6 Upate due Tuesday. Make sure you have downloaded the new version. Ch 9 Reading Questions will be available some time this weekend. Due Tue or Wed . We will SKIP Ch 9 in of study order to get caught up after the outcome american Snow Days. The material there is optional and not necessary to finish the project.

If you want to of the lottery read it on of the spanish american your own, that is fine, but there is no extra credit planned for this chapter. Essay About. Here is a grading equation and table so you can see what your current percent would mean as a numerical grade. These are preliminary! I may change them at the end of the quarter. when I do, I typically lower the percent requried for american war, a 4.0 if no one attains that percent. Was The Black Movement. Right now, early on, there are several people above that mark. I've created an Extra Credit block on WAMAP and will add questions if I think it's appropriate. I've added the first one, due by outcome of the american war next Wed if you're going to do it.

Quiz Monday on everything up through Ch 6. For practice, use the former online homework problems. Problems on the quiz will mostly be similar to problems you've seen in the homework. There were some slight errors on the Due Date Calendar yesterday which have been fixed. Sorry for any mixup. How To Make Up. Ch 7 (not Ch 6) reading questions are due Thurs. Outcome Spanish American War. Ch 8 (not Ch 9) reading questiosn are due Friday. Ch 6/7 Update has been revised and I have decided I do want to collect this. (I told the 8AM class I would not collect it, but after reviewing what's in Chapter 7, I decided to edit the Update and require it. Sorry for the flip flop.) Please download the new version of the document here and begin working on it.

Due date will be next week some time. Probably Monday or Tuesday. There is NO online homework for Ch 7. Use the time to work on Development Essay your Ch 6/7 Update. WAMAP Questions : As this is a new system for me as well, I've decided to implement a formal procedure for outcome of the spanish american war, requesting that I look to see if an answer you have was marked wrong by about No Taxation without Representation WAMAP when it should not have been, or to look at something on one of outcome of the spanish your assignment. There is a stack of WAMAP Request Forms on the side table of SAM307. If you want me to look at something on write of study an assignment, please fill one of these out completely. Outcome Spanish. If you think you did a problem correctly, I'll need to see your work for the problem, so copy it on the Form. Unless it is the day before an assignment is due, please do not email me these questions or requests. Development. use the Form instead. (Be aware that even if you email me, there's a chance I won't see that email until the outcome spanish american next day, depending on when you send it and when I leave campus on a give day.) Please be specific on your form about your question or concern and about Representation try to be reasobably sure there really is an error or problem before submitting a form.

Experience already tells me that greater than 95% of the requests (in email or in person) so far have not been a mistake by WAMAP but by the student. he/she just didn't see his/her error. Ch 6 Due Friday Ch 7 Reading Questions Due Thursday Ch 8 Reading Questions Due Friday. Ch 6 Homework will be available soon. A file similar to the one I'm using in class today can be downloaded here. Ch 4 Update Due Wed in class Ch 6 Reading Q's due Mon 8am PLEASE NOTE: I encourage you to work as a team to get to results for your project both in and out of class. However, you must write up your own Project Updates. If you don't you will get no credit for american war, your work and Essay may be reported to the Dean for Vice President of Student Affairs. Here, specifically, are some guidelines on what you are allowed and not allowed to do. Here is what you are ALLOWED to outcome of the american war do: Work together in and out of class on calculations, graphs, excel files, and other material you need to of the lottery do the Chapter Updates on your own.

Compare answers or results you get while working alone. You may compare results by talking in person, on american war the phone, or by black power sending a summary of your results (not the spanish actual work or files themselves) via email. Share graphs and Ethical Essay excel files which you work on together (to a reasonable degree) in class or during team meetings so each member can work on their Updates, reports, and/or presentations. Show each other printed or electronic copies of the spanish american Chapter Updates (to compare results) as long as you don't exhange them physically or electronically. Power. Help other team members to complete their Updates by explaining to of the spanish american war them what the process is to complete a problem or question without specifically doing it for them. Here is what you are NOT ALLOWED to how to do: Work together to create the spanish american Chapter Update files at the computer and then share that file with each other. (You may use any graphs or excel files you created as a team, however, as long as you construct the Update file on your own.) Share, copy, exchange, or email the Update files in print or electronic form. If you want to lottery compare results on these, see the guidelines above. Share, copy, exchange, or email graphs and excel files with team members who did not help create them because they were absent during class or missed a team work meeting. Spanish American. (You can still help them by what was the black power movement explaining how to do something, but they must do it themselves.) Share, copy, exchange, or email equations you create for the updates. You must create all equations yourself. Copy another person's work if you have not done the american problem(s) yourself.

These are meant to of study be somewhat specific guidelines but don't necessarily cover every sitation. If you are unsure about something, ask me and I'll clarify it for you. If you need help with an Update and your team members can't help you, then see me in my office hours. Make sure you bring your work/files with you and have specific questions ready if you do this so that I know what you've done and where you need help. Welcome Back. Finally.

We're finishing Ch 4 today and of the war Starting Ch 6 Friday. You should start working on the Ch 4 Update as soon as possible. If you've already downloaded the Ch 4 Update, please note that the make second answer box for #4 should not be there, please ignore it. I've fixed it for those who have not yet downloaded yet. Ch 4 Online HW due Monday 8am. Ch 6 Reading Questions due Monday 8am. I'm going to do my best to catch us up. It's important that you start working on things as soon as you know about outcome spanish war them. WEDNESDAY - NO CLASSES ONCE AGAIN: SCCC will open at 10 AM once again today, so we will not have class at either 8 am or 12 noon.

I will try to what was the black finish Ch 4 on Thursday, assuming we meet, so I suggest you at least start working on the Ch 4 homework or at least those problems you think you can do. Outcome Spanish American. Also, I suggest you look at the Ch 4 Update so you know what it asks and what power begin working on outcome spanish american it if you can. Please Read Ch 5 and begin working on the Ch 5 Reading Questions. It's a short chapter with only two reading questions for it. I WILL NOT SPEND MUCH TIME ON THIS IN CLASS to how to put on make up some time. Also, I will try to begin Ch 6 on Friday, so I suggest you read that as well.

I've posted the reading questions for that chapter and will decide on the due date soon. Of The American War. We will need to make major djustments to our schedule, obviously. The main possible ways we can save and make up time include (1)Omit the Oral Presentation for the Marketing Project, or to drastically reduce their length (maybe 10 minutes to 5 minutes). (2) Reduce some of the team time I normally give in how to up class. Outcome American War. (3) Move through the material a little more quickly than normal, omitting or not emphasizing some material that is not quite as important. This option is probably the hardest since the material has already been scaled back to mood of the lottery mostly what is needed to finish the project. We'll adjust however and get through all of this. I've been informed that the 10th day has been extended due to all of this. Outcome Of The American. This means that if you want to Personal Development Essay withdraw from the course, a W should not appear on your transcript.

If you think this is of the spanish, a good idea for you, let me know. You may want to take 117 in the Spring when things are more normal. (No, I will not be teacing it then, which may or may not be good from your perspective.) FRIDAY: SCCC IS DELAYING OPENING UNTIL 10AM. THIS MEANS THAT THE 8AM 117 CLASS CANNOT MEET. IMPORTANT NOTE. ACCORDING TO THE SCCC WEB SITE: Updated Thurs. Jan 11, 2007 5:00 a.m. So, we will pick up Chapter 4 on Friday, wheather permitting. All online due dates still hold and we still have our Ch 2/3 quiz on Friday, assuming we meet.

Ch 4 Online Homework now up. No due date set yet. Don't forget to sign the attendance sheet. Ch 3 Update is due Tuesday, since Monday is a holiday. SCCC is OPEN today, Wed, for classes. See you there.

Starting today, I will be asking you to sign in for attendance at Essay about No Taxation without Representation the start of each class. Of The War. The attendance roster will at the front table. If you arrive before class starts, please initial it before class starts. If you are late and the lecture has started, please do NOT initial it until AFTER class so that you don't disrupt class. Ch 4 Reading Questions due Wed at Personal Essay 8am. Ch 3 WAMAP Homework due Fri at outcome spanish 8am. Ch 2/3 Quiz on No Taxation without Friday. This will be an outcome of the war in-class quiz. Essay No Taxation. I'll be here. Outcome Spanish. Ch 2 Update due Wednesday in class. Please have it printed BEFORE you come to class.

In honor of the day's big event. Ch 2 WAMAP HW due Tuesday by 8am Ch 2 Update due Wednesday in class. Please have it printed BEFORE you come to what was the black power class. Outcome Of The Spanish American War. Ch 2/3 Quiz on Friday. This may be a take home or online quiz as I *may* not be here Friday. I'll let you know more as my plans are confirmed. Ch 4 Reading Questions Due Wed 8 am Just a reminder: If you are on WAMAP when a deadline arrives, the system will kick you out of that assignment. Any scores you have recorded will be kept and of the lottery graded, however. So please don't wait until the last minute to enter your answers.

You're just asking for frustration if you do that. Outcome Of The Spanish American War. :-) Cho Yiu Ho (12PM class): Please see me immediately. Chapter 2 Update Due Wednesday at start of class. To draw the Cost Curve you may either use Excel or Graphmatica. The Update says to use Excel, but you can use either tool.

Please don't forget to check the Due Date Calendar for updates on when things are due online or in class. If you encounter technical difficulties in WAMAP, please let me know immediately via email so I can try to fix the problem. If you cannot do so, please submit a printed version of the assignment on the day it is due, where possible. I encourage you to print the assignments as soon as they are announced so you at least have a paper copy on which to work. Since we are finishing Chapter 2 today, the Chapter 2 Update should be something you start as soon as you know your team assignment. Make Up. Due date will be early or mid next week. stay tuned for a firm due date. The Updates are available in the Project link (above) or on the H: drive on campus.

Please make sure your email address in WAMAP is correct. The WAMAP Informatin block (blue) has directions on how to outcome of the war do this. We are probably going to start Ch 3 on write Friday, so the Ch 3 reading assignments (in WAMAP) are due by of the american 8am on Friday. Ethical. Please make sure you can login to spanish war the WAMAP site before you leave class today. If you cannot, let me know so I can try to Personal Development Essay fix any problems. YOU MUST INCLUDE DASHES AS PART OF YOUR USER NAME when loggin in. 980123456 won't work. you must use, for outcome of the, example, 980-12-3456 instead.

If you missed the first day of class, please view the what black movement WAMAP access page for information on how to log in to that site and make sure you read the help file once you log in. (The help file is located at the bottom of the WAMAP site.). Of The American. Also, please see the Jan 2 announcements below and the Due Date Calendar (link near top of this page) for important due dates coming up. Welcome to how to write background of study MAT117 We will be off and running quickly, so here we go. Make sure you can login to the WAMAP site . Spanish War. Due Wednesday Syllabus Form Team Assignment Form Due Thursday by 8am Ch 1 Reading questions via WAMAP Ch 2 Reading questions via WAMAP If you can't pick up the text at Perfect Copy, read it online here . Due Monday by 8am WAMAP answer Tutorial and Ch1 Homework problems via WAMAP. SCCC MAT117 Morales Schedule.

Any information in ITALICS should be considered TENTATIVE and is subject to change. See the of the lottery Due Date Calendar for due dates. Outcome Of The Spanish American War. HW due dates are not listed on this page. Project 1 Data Introduction. SCCC MAT117 Morales Projects. Presentation and Report Links. 11 Ways to Improve Your Writing and Essay without Representation Your Business Business Writing Help . The Link on Reports is particularly interesting. Of The Spanish American War. How to Essay No Taxation Representation Give Winning Oral Presentations . I really like the the figure in Section D that talks about how to structure a presentation. Outcome. The Rule of Three says that the best and most memorable business presentation have at most three key points.

Sample Oral Presentation Outline. SCCC MAT117 Morales Updates. SCCC MAT117 Morales Links. Presentation and Report Links. 11 Ways to Improve Your Writing and how to Your Business Business Writing Help . The Link on Reports is particularly interesting.

How to Give Winning Oral Presentations . Of The Spanish War. I really like the the figure in Section D that talks about how to No Taxation structure a presentation. The Rule of Three says that the best and most memorable business presentation have at most three key points. Sample Oral Presentation Outline.

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Tapping the Power of Keywords to Enhance Your Resumes Effectiveness. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Imagine there was a way to encode your resume with magical words that would virtually ensure that employers would be interested in outcome of the spanish american war, interviewing you. But the catch is that theres a different set of magic words for every job, and you have no way of knowing what the words are . Such is more or less the situation in job-hunting today, which increasingly revolves around the No Taxation without Representation, mysterious world of outcome spanish american, keywords. Employers use and eventual dependence on keywords to find the job candidates they want to interview has come about in recent years because of technology. Inundated by resumes from what was the black, job-seekers, employers have increasingly relied on placing job-seeker resumes in keyword-searchable databases, and using software to search those databases for specific keywords that relate to job vacancies. Of The American. This technological process is referred to Personal Ethical as an employers Applicant Tracking System (ATS); learn more in of the spanish american war, our Special Report on Applicant Tracking Systems. Most Fortune 1000 companies, in fact, and many smaller companies now use these technologies. In addition, numerous employers search the about Educational for Police, databases of third-party job-posting and resume-posting boards on the Internet.

More than 90 percent of resumes are searched for job-specific keywords. The bottom line is that if you apply for a job with a company that searches databases for keywords, and outcome american, your resume doesnt have the keywords the was the black power, company seeks for the person who fills that job, you are pretty much dead in outcome of the american, the water. Now, we suggested that job-seekers have no way of knowing what the exact words are that employers look for when they search resume databases. Thats true to some extent. But job-seekers have information and a number of tools at their disposal that can help them make educated guesses as to which keywords the employer is about No Taxation without Representation looking for. This article and its sidebars describe some of those tools and war, tell you how and where to use the keywords you come up with on your resume and beyond. So, how can we figure out what the magic words are? First, we know that in the vast majority of cases, they are nouns.

Job-seekers have long been taught to emphasize action verbs in how to background of study, their job-search correspondence, and that advice is still valid. But the what that you performed the outcome, action in relation to is now just as important. In the following examples, the underlined nouns are the keywords that relate to the action indicated by the verbs: Conducted cross-functional management for initial and follow-up contact. Coordinated marketing campaigns and Representation, special events . Managed customer database , product updates , and upgrades . Outcome Of The Spanish American War. Functioned in project-management role . Oversaw procurement , allocation , distribution control , stock levels , and cost compilation/analysis . And what kind of how to, nouns are sought? Those that relate to the skills and experience the employer looks for in a candidate. More specifically, keywords can be precise hard skills job-specific/profession-specific/industry-specific skills, technological terms and descriptions of outcome american war, technical expertise (including hardware and software in which you are proficient), job titles, certifications, names of products and services, industry buzzwords and Ethical Essay, jargon, types of degrees, names of colleges, company names, terms that tend to outcome spanish american war impress, such as Fortune 500, and how to of study, even area codes, for narrowing down searches geographically. Awards youve won and names of professional organizations to which you belong can even be used as keywords.

There are actually a number of good ways to outcome of the american war identify the keywords that an employer might be looking for in any given job search, and we list many of was the power, them in our sidebar, Resources for of the american, Identifying Keywords. But the method that career experts most commonly mention is the process of scrutinizing job postings to Representation see what keywords are repeatedly mentioned in association with a given job title. We offer two examples of how to outcome of the find keywords in job postings in Personal, our sidebar Researching Keywords in Job Postings. OK, so now that we have some good ideas about how to war identify keywords, how should they be used? One popular method has been a laundry list of keywords a keyword summary with no context toward the top of the resume. As well see, this method is problematic. It still makes some sense to front-load the resume with keywords, however, partly to ensure you get as many as possible into the document, and Requiremenmts for Police, partly for the phase of resume review in which humans will actually screen your resume (after the outcome spanish american, initial screening by the search software) and may be attracted to keywords that appear early in the document. A section of keywords can use one of many possible headings, such as Key Skills, Core Competencies, Key Proficiencies, and Areas of Expertise. A big note of caution here: Keyword sections are beneficial on resumes when they are entered into mood of the, Applicant Tracking Systems, but disembodied keywords do not rank as highly in of the american, the systems as keywords used in context. More advanced ATS systems will evaluate the Ethical Development, context in outcome spanish war, which each keyword is used, advises resume writer Karen Siwak, and will give higher ranking to a keyword that is included within the description of a career accomplishment, compared to one that is what was the black power included in a keyword table. Thus, also consider keywords in bullet points in your Summary of Qualifications/Professional Profile, if you have one, and in the bullet points under each of your jobs. Instead of spanish war, a mere list of words, the summary or profile section presents keywords in context, more fully describing the activities and accomplishments in which the keywords surfaced in your work. This contextual collection of keywords that describes your professional self in a nutshell will certainly hold the interest of human readers better than a list of words will.

Ideally, keywords are tied to accomplishments rather than job duties, so a good way to make the leap from keyword to a nice, contextual bullet point to include in a profile section is to take each keyword youve identified as critical to the job and list an accomplishment that tells how youve used the skill represented by that keyword. For example: Solid team-building skills, demonstrated by assembling Starwoods marketing team from the ground up to service Starwood Internationals 7,700 hotels worldwide. Savvy in about Educational for Police Officers, e-commerce marketing concepts, having participated in design of two company Web sites, and conducted a symposia series to outcome of the spanish american war instruct hotel executives in the value of Internet marketing. Keywords should also appear in the rest of your resume beyond the profile or summary section. Most applicant-search software not only looks for keywords but also ranks them on a weighted basis according to the importance of the word to the job criteria, with some keywords considered mandatory and others that are merely desirable. The keywords can also be weighted and your resume ranked according to how many times mandatory words appear in your resume.

If your document contains no mandatory keywords, the keyword search obviously will overlook your resume. Those with the greatest keyword density will be chosen for the next round of screening, this time by a human. Generally, the more specific a keyword is to a particular job or industry, the more heavily it will be weighted. Skills that apply to of the many jobs and industries tend to outcome of the war be less weighty. Since you also dont know the exact form of a keyword that the employer will use as a search criterion, it makes sense to also use synonyms, various forms of lottery, your keywords, and both the spelled-out and acronym versions of common terms. Of The Spanish American War. For example, use both manager and management; try both CRM and Essay about Requiremenmts, Customer Relationship Management.

And remember that humans can make certain assumptions that computers cant. A commonly cited example is the outcome spanish, concept of cold-calling. People who read the phrase cold-calling in your resume will know you were in sales. But unless cold-calling is a specific keyword the Personal Essay, employer is seeking in outcome spanish american war, the database search, search software seeking sales experience may not flag your resume. To determine the keyword health of your current resume, highlight all the words in it that, based on your research of ideal positions in your field, would probably be considered keywords. A good goal to shoot for is 25-35 keywords, so if you have fewer than that currently, try to beef up every section of your resume with keywords, varying the forms of the words you choose. You may be starting to get the idea that a good keyword resume must be specifically tailored the each job youre applying to.

You will especially get that idea if you read our sidebar, Researching Keywords in Job Postings. Essay Educational Requiremenmts For Police Officers. Indeed, a research study notes that resumes that arent focused on a jobs specific requirements arent competitive. Does that really mean you need to of the spanish american war create a separate resume for every job you apply for? Yes and no. Its probably not practical or realistic to totally revamp your resume for every opening. But you can tweak elements such as your professional profile, thus adjusting some of for Police, your more important keywords for each job you apply to. Customizing your resume when completing online profile forms at job boards also makes sense. More Resume Keyword Tips and Cautions. Consider using a service that analyzes resume keywords. Jobscan, for example, analyzes job descriptions and helps applicants easily identify what skills and outcome american, keywords are most important to a given employer. Jobscan ranks the most important and most frequently-occurring keywords in how to, each job description.

Jobscan is fee-based, with fees ranging from spanish american, $49.95 monthly to $89.95 every three months; a limited free version is offered. Barbara Safani of CareerSolvers suggests using LinkedIns skills section. Go to how to make your LinkedIn profile, Safani writes, and click on the more tab to locate the skills section. Type a skill into outcome spanish war, the search box and a pull-down menu will appear with alternative skills that are similar to the one you typed in the search box. If you post your resume on Internet job boards, be sure to avoid emphasizing keywords that relate to jobs you dont want. If you have jobs in your employment history that are unrelated to what you want to do next, go easy on how to put on, loading the descriptions of spanish american, those jobs with keywords. About Educational Officers. Otherwise, your resume will pop up in searches for your old career and not necessarily your new one. Dont forget about soft skills, such as interpersonal and communications skills that relate to many types of jobs.

Although soft skills are difficult to substantiate on a resume, they are often listed as requirements in job postings. They tend to be transferable and applicable across various jobs/careers, as well as desirable personality traits. Some job boards have a feature that enables you to spanish american war see how many times the resume youve posted has been searched. If your resume hasnt been searched very many times, odds are that you lack the right keywords for the kinds of jobs you want. Keep running lists of keywords so that anytime you come across a word thats not on put on make up, your resume but that employers might use as a search parameter, youll be ready. If youve published your resume on your own Web page, keywords can boost that version, including in the resumes internal coding, since employers may use search bots and search engines to scour the Internet for candidates that meet their criteria. See our article Resume Found: Keys to Successful Search Engine Registration. Use keywords in your cover letters, too. Most employers dont include them in resume databases, but a few do. And keywords in of the war, cover letters can be important for put on make, attracting the human scanner. If youre answering an ad, tying specific words in your cover letter as closely as possible to of the spanish american the actual wording of the Essay, ad youre responding to outcome of the war can be a huge plus. In his book, Dont Send a Resume , Jeffrey Fox calls the best letters written in response to Essay about Educational for Police Officers want ads Boomerang letters because they fly the want ad words the copy back to the writer of the ad. In employing what Fox calls a compelling sales technique, he advises letter writers to: Flatter the person who wrote the ad with your response letter.

Echo the authors words and intent. Your letter should be a mirror of the spanish war, ad. Fox notes that when the recipient reads such a letter, the No Taxation without Representation, thought process will be: This person seems to fit the of the american, description. This person gets it. Gain additional insights into how you can improve your resume and succeed with ATS using these free Applicant Tracking System Tools for Job-Seekers. Questions about some of the terminology used in how to write background of study, this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seekers Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career . Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from outcome of the spanish american war, Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiots Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at make up kathy(at)quintcareers.com.

Check out Dr. Outcome Of The American. Hansen on Requiremenmts Officers, GooglePlus. Have you taken advantage of all the many free resume tools, articles, samples, and more that we have in the Resume Resources section of Quintessential Careers? h4QUINTESSENTIAL RESUME-WRITING PARTNER. LiveCareers Resume Builder is the outcome of the war, fastest, most efficient way to build an effective resume. Featuring hundreds of background of study, templates and professional designs for all jobs and industries, Resume Builder also includes sample phrases written by our experts, plus helpful tips and advice to make your resume stand out. Well guide you step by step through the outcome of the spanish american, process, so you can build an impressive resume that will make employers want to know more. Ready to jump-start your job search and move closer to reaching your goals?

Try Resume Builder today, and learn how easy it is to create your own resume. Were so confident that youll love Resume Builder that you can try it for FREE! Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareers team of Educational for Police Officers, career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com.

He is also founder of outcome war, MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. How To Put On Up. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in outcome spanish war, books, and about Educational Requiremenmts for Police Officers, hundreds of articles. Of The Spanish American. Hes often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr.

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Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to power movement go through the of the, process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Ethical, Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and outcome spanish, scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an about Educational archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and war, Careerists. Essay Educational Requiremenmts For Police. Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of outcome, Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employers Website.Because more and about without, more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to of the war the career and employment section of the []

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essay on agnosticism J. Outcome Spanish War. Huxley, Diary of H. M. S. Rattlesnake. Collected Essays V. [209]#9;Within the last few months, the public has received much and varied information on the subject of agnostics, their tenets, and even their future. Mood Of The. Agnosticism exercised the outcome spanish american, orators of the Church Congress at Manchester. 1 It has been furnished with a set of articles fewer, but not less rigid, and certainly not less consistent than the thirty-nine; its nature has been analysed, and Essay about No Taxation without Representation its future severely predicted by the most eloquent of outcome spanish war, that prophetical school whose Samuel is Auguste Comte. It may still be a question, however, whether the public is as much the wiser as might be expected, considering all the trouble that has been taken to enlighten it.

Not only are the of study, three accounts of the agnostic position sadly out of harmony with one another, but I [210] propose to outcome spanish american show cause for my belief that all three must be seriously questioned by any one who employs the term agnostic in the sense in which it was originally used. The learned Principal of King's College, who brought the topic of black, Agnosticism before the Church Congress, took a short and easy way of settling the outcome of the spanish war, business:#150; #9;But if this be so, for a man to urge, as an escape from this article of power movement, belief, that he has no means of a scientific knowledge of the unseen world, or of the future, is irrelevant. His difference from Christians lies not in the fact that he has no knowledge of these things, but that he does not believe the outcome of the spanish, authority on which they are stated. He may prefer to call himself an Agnostic; but his real name is an older one#150;he is an infidel; that is to say, an unbeliever. The word infidel, perhaps, carries an unpleasant significance. About. Perhaps it is right that it should.

It is, and it ought to be, an unpleasant thing for a man to have to say plainly that he does not believe in Jesus Christ. 2. #9;So much of Dr. Wace's address either explicitly or implicitly concerns me, that I take upon american myself to deal with it; but, in so doing, it must be understood that I speak for myself alone. I am not aware that there is any sect of Agnostics; [211] and how to if there be, I am not its acknowledged prophet or pope. I desire to leave to the Comtists the spanish, entire monopoly of the manufacture of imitation ecclesiasticism. #9;Let us calmly and dispassionately consider Dr. Wace's appreciation of agnosticism.

The agnostic, according to his view, is a person who says he has no means of attaining a scientific knowledge of the how to put on, unseen world or of the future; by which somewhat loose phraseology Dr. Wace presumably means the theological unseen world and future. I cannot think this description happy, either in form or substance, but for the present it may pass. Of The. Dr. Wace continues, that is how to make up, not his difference from Christians. Are there then any Christians who say that they know nothing about the outcome of the american war, unseen world and the future? I was ignorant of the fact, but I am ready to accept it on the authority of a professional theologian, and Ethical Essay I proceed to Dr. Outcome. Wace's next proposition. #9;The real state of the case, then, is mood lottery, that the agnostic does not believe the authority on which these things are stated, which authority is Jesus Christ.

He is simply an old-fashioned infidel who is afraid to own to his right name. As Presbyter is priest writ large, so is war, agnostic the mere Greek equivalent for the Latin infidel. There is an attractive simplicity about this solution of the problem; and it has that advantage of being somewhat offensive to the [212] persons attacked, which is so dear to the less refined sort of of the, controversialist. The agnostic says, I cannot find good evidence that so and so is true. Ah, says his adversary, seizing his opportunity, then you declare that Jesus Christ was untruthful, for he said so and so; a very telling method of rousing prejudice. But suppose that the value of the evidence as to what Jesus may have said and done, and as to the exact nature and scope of outcome spanish american, his authority, is just that which the agnostic finds it most difficult to determine. If I venture to doubt that the Duke of Wellington gave the command Up, Guards, and at 'em! at Waterloo, I do not think that even Dr. Wace would accuse me of disbelieving the Essay about Requiremenmts for Police Officers, Duke. Yet it would be just as reasonable to do this as to accuse any one of denying what Jesus said, before the preliminary question as to what he did say is settled.

#9;Now, the of the american war, question as to what Jesus really said and did is for Police, strictly a scientific problem, which is capable of solution by no other methods than those practised by the historian and the literary critic. Outcome Of The Spanish American War. It is what was the black movement, a problem of immense difficulty, which has occupied some of the best heads in Europe for the last century; and it is only of late years that their investigations have begun to converge towards one conclusion. 3. #9;[213] That kind of faith which Dr. Wace describes and lauds is of no use here. Indeed, he himself takes pains to destroy its evidential value. #9;What made the Mahommedan world?

Trust and faith in the declarations and assurances of Mahommed. And what made the Christian world? Trust and faith in the declarations and outcome spanish assurances of Jesus Christ and His Apostles ( l.c. p. 253). The triumphant tone of this imaginary catechism leads me to suspect that its author has hardly appreciated its full import. Presumably, Dr. Wace regards Mahommed as an unbeliever, or, to use the term which he prefers, infidel; and how to make up considers that his assurances have given rise to a vast delusion which has led, and of the spanish war is leading, millions of up, men straight to everlasting punishment. Spanish American. And this being so, the Trust and faith which have made the Personal Development, Mahommedan world, in outcome of the spanish american just the how to write background of study, same sense as they have [214] made the Christian world, must be trust and faith in falsehood. No man who has studied history, or even attended to the occurrences of everyday life, can doubt the enormous practical value of trust and faith; but as little will he be inclined to deny that this practical value has not the least relation to the reality of the objects of that trust and outcome spanish american war faith.

In examples of patient constancy of faith and of unswerving trust, the Acta Martyrum do not excel the annals of Babism. Put On Make. 4. #9;The discussion upon american war which we have now entered goes so thoroughly to the root of the whole matter; the question of the day is so completely, as the author of Robert Elsmere says, the value of testimony, that I shall offer no apology for following it out Essay about No Taxation without somewhat in detail; and, by way of giving substance to outcome spanish war the argument, I shall base what I have to power movement say upon a case, the outcome of the spanish, consideration of which lies strictly within the province of how to background of study, natural science, and of that particular part of it known as the physiology and pathology of the nervous system. #9;I find, in the second Gospel (chap. Spanish. v.), a statement, to all appearance intended to have the same evidential value as any other contained in [215] that history. It is the well-known story of the devils who were cast out of a man, and ordered, or permitted, to enter into a herd of swine, to the great loss and mood lottery damage of the innocent Gerasene, or Gadarene, pig owners. There can be no doubt that the narrator intends to convey to his readers his own conviction that this casting out and entering in outcome of the were effected by the agency of Ethical Essay, Jesus of Nazareth; that, by speech and action, Jesus enforced this conviction; nor does any inkling of the legal and moral difficulties of the outcome spanish american, case manifest itself. #9;On the other hand, everything that I know of physiological and pathological science leads me to entertain a very strong conviction that the phenomena ascribed to possession are as purely natural as those which constitute small-pox; everything that I know of anthropology leads me to think that the belief in demons and demoniacal possession is a mere survival of a once universal superstition, and that its persistence, at the present time, is Essay about for Police, pretty much in the inverse ratio of the general instruction, intelligence, and of the spanish american sound judgment of the population among whom it prevails. Everything that I know of law and justice convinces me that the wanton destruction of other people's property is a misdemeanour of evil example. Again, the study of how to put on up, history, and especially of that of the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries, leaves no shadow of doubt [216] on my mind that the belief in the reality of possession and of witchcraft, justly based, alike by Catholics and Protestants, upon this and outcome spanish american war innumerable other passages in both the of study, Old and outcome New Testaments, gave rise, through the write, special influence of Christian ecclesiastics, to the most horrible persecutions and judicial murders of thousands upon thousands of innocent men, women, and children.

And when I reflect that the record of a plain and simple declaration upon such an occasion as this, that the of the, belief in witchcraft and possession is how to of study, wicked nonsense, would have rendered the outcome of the american, long agony of mediæval humanity impossible, I am prompted to reject, as dishonouring, the supposition that such declaration was withheld out of condescension to popular error. #9;Come forth, thou unclean spirit, out about without of the man (Mark v. 8), 5 are the words attributed to outcome Jesus. If I declare, as I have no hesitation in doing, that I utterly disbelieve in the existence of unclean spirits, and, consequently, in Essay about No Taxation the possibility of their coming forth out of a man, I suppose that Dr. Wace will tell me I am disregarding the testimony of our Lord. For, if these words were really used, the most resourceful of outcome of the, reconcilers can hardly venture to affirm that they are compatible with a disbelief in what these things.

As the learned and [217] fair-minded, as well as orthodox, Dr. Alexander remarks, in an editorial note to the article Demoniacs, in the Biblical Cyclopædia (vol. i. p. 664, note):#150; #9;. . .On the lowest grounds on outcome which our Lord and His Apostles can be placed they must, at least, be regarded as honest men. Now, though honest speech does not require that words should be used always and only in their etymological sense, it does require that they should not be used so as to affirm what the speaker knows to be false. Whilst, therefore, our Lord and how to put on up His Apostles might use the word [to be possessed by a demon], or the phrase, [to have a demon], as a popular description of certain diseases, without giving in to the belief which lay at the source of such a mode of expression, they could not speak of demons entering into a man, or being cast out of him, without pledging themselves to the belief of an actual possession of the man by the demons. Of The American. (Campbell, Prel. Diss. vi. 1, 10). If, consequently, these did not hold this belief, they spoke not as honest men. #9;The story which we are considering does not rest on the authority of the second Gospel alone.

The third confirms the second, especially in the matter of commanding the lottery, unclean spirit to of the spanish come out of the man (Luke viii. 29); and, although the first Gospel either gives a different version of the same story, or tells another of make up, like kind, the essential point remains: If thou cast us out, send us away into the herd of swine. And He said unto them: Go! (Matt. Outcome Of The War. viii. 31, 32). #9;If the concurrent testimony of the three synoptics, then, is really sufficient to do away with all rational doubt as to a matter of fact of the Essay, utmost practical and speculative importance#150;[218] belief or disbelief in which may affect, and has affected, men's lives and their conduct towards other men, in the most serious way#150;then I am bound to believe that Jesus implicitly affirmed himself to outcome of the american possess a knowledge of the unseen world, which afforded full confirmation of the belief in demons and possession current among his contemporaries. If the story is true, the mediæval theory of the invisible world may be and probably is, quite correct; and the witchfinders, from Sprenger to Hopkins and lottery Mather, are much-maligned men. #9;On the other hand, humanity, noting the frightful consequences of this belief; common sense, observing the futility of the evidence on which it is of the american war, based, in all cases that have been properly investigated; science, more and more seeing its way to inclose all the how to put on, phenomena of so-called possession within the domain of pathology, so far as they are not to be relegated to that of the police#150;all these powerful influences concur in warning us, at our peril, against accepting the belief without the outcome of the spanish, most careful scrutiny of the authority on which it rests. #9;I can discern no escape from this dilemma: either Jesus said what he is reported to have said, or he did not.

In the former case, it is Requiremenmts, inevitable that his authority on matters connected with the unseen world should be roughly shaken; in the latter, the blow falls upon the [219] authority of the synoptic Gospels. If their report on a matter of outcome of the american, such stupendous and far-reaching practical import as this is untrustworthy, how can we be sure of its trustworthiness in how to write background other cases? The favourite earth, in of the spanish war which the hard-pressed reconciler takes refuge, that the Bible does not profess to teach science, 6 is stopped in this instance. For the of the, question of the existence of demons and of possession by them, though it lies strictly within the province of science, is also of the deepest moral and religious significance. If physical and mental disorders are caused by demons, Gregory of Tours and his contemporaries rightly considered that relics and exorcists were more useful than doctors; the gravest questions arise as to the legal and moral responsibilities of persons inspired by outcome of the demoniacal impulses; and our whole conception of the universe and how to write of study of our [220] relations to it becomes totally different from what it would be on the contrary hypothesis. #9;The theory of of the american, life of an average mediæval Christian was as different from that of an average nineteenth-century Englishman as that of Representation, a West African negro is now, in these respects. The modern world is slowly, but surely, shaking off these and other monstrous survivals of savage delusions; and, whatever happens, it will not return to that wallowing in the mire.

Until the contrary is outcome spanish american, proved, I venture to doubt whether, at this present moment, any Protestant theologian, who has a reputation to lose, will say that he believes the Gadarene story. #9;The choice then lies between discrediting those who compiled the about without Representation, Gospel biographies and disbelieving the Master, whom they, simple souls, thought to honour by preserving such traditions of the exercise of of the spanish war, his authority over Satan's invisible world. This is the dilemma. No deep scholarship, nothing but a knowledge of the revised version (on which it is to be supposed all that mere scholarship can do has been done), with the application thereto of the commonest canons of common sense, is needful to enable us to make a choice between its alternatives. It is hardly doubtful that the story, as told in the first Gospel, is merely a version of that told in the second and third. Nevertheless, the discrepancies are serious and irreconcilable; and, on this ground [221] alone, a suspension of judgment, at the least, is called for. Of The. But there is a great deal more to outcome american be said. From the dawn of scientific biblical criticism until the present day, the evidence against the long-cherished notion that the three synoptic Gospels are the works of three independent authors, each prompted by Divine inspiration, has steadily accumulated, until, at the present time, there is no visible escape from the Ethical, conclusion that each of the three is a compilation consisting of of the, a groundwork common to all three#150;the threefold tradition; and of a superstructure, consisting, firstly, of matter common to it with one of the others, and, secondly, of matter special to each. The use of the terms groundwork and Essay about Educational Requiremenmts superstructure by no means implies that the latter must be of later date than the outcome american, former.

On the contrary, some parts of it may be, and probably are, older than some parts of the groundwork. 7. #9;The story of the Gadarene swine belongs to the groundwork; at about without, least, the war, essential part of it, in which the belief in demoniac possession is expressed, does; and therefore the compilers of the first, second, and third Gospels, whoever they [222] were, certainly accepted that belief (which, indeed, was universal among both Jews and pagans at that time), and attributed it to Jesus. #9;What, then, do we know about the how to put on make, originator, or originators, of this groundwork#150;of that threefold tradition which all three witnesses (in Paley's phrase) agree upon#150;that we should allow their mere statements to outcome war outweigh the counter arguments of humanity, of Essay, common sense, of outcome of the american war, exact science, and to imperil the respect which all would be glad to be able to render to their Master? #9;Absolutely nothing. 8 There is no proof, nothing more than a fair presumption, that any one of the Gospels existed, in the state in which we find it in the authorised version of the Bible, before the mood, second century, or, in other words, sixty or seventy years after the events recorded. And, between that time and the date of the oldest extant manuscripts of the Gospels, there is no telling what additions and alterations and interpolations may have been made. It may be said that this is all mere speculation, but it is a good deal more.

As competent scholars and outcome war honest men, our revisers have felt compelled to point out that such things have happened even [223] since the date of the oldest known manuscripts. The oldest two copies of the second Gospel end with the 8th verse of the 16th chapter; the remaining twelve verses are spurious, and it is noteworthy that the maker of the addition has not hesitated to introduce a speech in which Jesus promises his disciples that in My name shall they cast out devils. #9;The other passage rejected to write background of study the margin is still more instructive. It is that touching apologue, with its profound ethical sense, of the woman taken in adultery#150;which, if internal evidence were an infallible guide, might well be affirmed to be a typical example of the teachings of Jesus. Yet, say the revisers, pitilessly, Most of the of the american, ancient authorities emit John vii. 53-viii. 11. Mood Lottery. Now let any reasonable man ask himself this question.

If, after an approximate settlement of the canon of the outcome war, New Testament, and even later than the fourth and fifth centuries, literary fabricators had the skill and the audacity to make such additions and interpolations as these, what may they have done when no one had thought of a canon; when oral tradition, still unfixed, was regarded as more valuable than such written records as may have existed in the latter portion of the first century? Or, to take the write background of study, other alternative, if those who gradually settled the canon did not know of the existence of the american war, oldest codices which have come down to us; or if, [224] knowing them, they rejected their authority, what is to be thought of their competency as critics of the text? #9;People who object to free criticism of the Christian Scriptures forget that they are what they are in virtue of very free criticism; unless the was the power movement, advocates of inspiration are prepared to affirm that the majority of influential ecclesiastics during several centuries were safeguarded against error. American War. For, even granting that some books of the period were inspired, they were certainly few amongst many; and those who selected the canonical books, unless they themselves were also inspired, must be regarded in the light of mere critics, and, from the evidence they have left of their intellectual habits, very uncritical critics. When one thinks that such delicate questions as those involved fell into Ethical Essay the hands of men like Papias (who believed in the famous millenarian grape story); of Irenæus with his reasons for war the existence of only four Gospels; and of such calm and dispassionate judges as Tertullian, with his Credo quia impossibile : the marvel is that the selection which constitutes our New Testament is as free as it is from obviously objectionable matter. The apocryphal Gospels certainly deserve to be apocryphal; but one may suspect that a little more critical discrimination would have enlarged the Apocrypha not inconsiderably, #9;At this point a very obvious objection arises [225] and make deserves full and candid consideration. It may be said that critical scepticism carried to the length suggested is outcome of the spanish war, historical pyrrhonism; that if we are altogether to discredit an ancient or a modern historian, because he has assumed fabulous matter to be true, it will be as well to give up paying any attention to how to history. Outcome American. It may be said, and with great justice, that Eginhard's Life of mood lottery, Charlemagne is none the less trustworthy because of the astounding revelation of credulity, of lack of judgment, and even of respect for the eighth commandment, which he has unconsciously made in the History of the Translation of the outcome spanish american, Blessed Martyrs Marcellinus and Paul.

Or, to of the go no further back than the last number of the Nineteenth Century, surely that excellent lady, Miss Strickland, is not to be refused all credence, because of the myth about the second James's remains, which she seems to have unconsciously invented. #9;Of course this is perfectly true. I am afraid there is american war, no man alive whose witness could be accepted, if the condition precedent were proof that he had never invented and promulgated a myth. In the minds of all of us there are little places here and there, like the indistinguishable spots on a rock which give foothold to moss or stonecrop; on background of study which, if the germ of a myth fall, it is certain to grow, without in american war the least degree affecting our accuracy or truthfulness elsewhere. Sir Walter Scott knew that he could not repeat a [226] story without, as he said, giving it a new hat and stick.

Most of us differ from Sir Walter only in not knowing about this tendency of the mythop#156;ic faculty to break out unnoticed. But it is also perfectly true that the Educational Requiremenmts Officers, mythop#156;ic faculty is not equally active in all minds, nor in all regions and under all conditions of the same mind. David Hume was certainly not so liable to temptation as the Venerable Bede, or even as some recent historians who could be mentioned; and outcome spanish american the most imaginative of was the movement, debtors, if he owes five pounds, never makes an obligation to pay a hundred out of it. The rule of outcome, common sense is prima facie to trust a witness in all matters, in mood of the lottery which neither his self-interest, his passions, his prejudices, nor that love of the marvellous, which is inherent to outcome of the american war a greater or less degree in all mankind, are strongly concerned; and, when they are involved, to require corroborative evidence in exact proportion to the contravention of what movement, probability by the thing testified. #9;Now, in outcome of the spanish war the Gadarene affair, I do not think I am unreasonably sceptical, if I say that the existence of demons who can be transferred from a man to a pig, does thus contravene probability. Let me be perfectly candid. I admit I have no a priori objection to offer.

There are physical things, such as tæniæ and trichinæ, which can be transferred from men to pigs, and how to write of study vice versa, and outcome spanish american which do undoubtedly produce most diabolical [227] and how to write background deadly effects on both. Of The Spanish. For anything I can absolutely prove to the contrary, there may be spiritual things capable of the same transmigration, with like effects. Essay For Police. Moreover I am bound to add that perfectly truthful persons, for whom I have the greatest respect, believe in stories about spirits of the present day, quite as improbable as that we are considering. #9;So I declare, as plainly as I can, that I am unable to show cause why these transferable devils should not exist; nor can I deny that, not merely the whole Roman Church, but many Wacean infidels of outcome of the war, no mean repute, do honestly and firmly believe that the activity of such like demonic beings is in full swing in this year of of the, grace 1889. #9;Nevertheless, as good Bishop Butler says, probability is the guide of life; and it seems to me that this is just one of the cases in which the canon of credibility and testimony, which I have ventured to lay down, has full force.

So that, with the most entire respect for many (by no means for all) of our witnesses for the truth of demonology, ancient and modern, I conceive their evidence on this particular matter to be ridiculously insufficient to warrant their conclusion. 9. #9;[228] After what has been said, I do not think that any sensible man, unless he happen to be angry, will accuse me of contradicting the Lord and His Apostles if I reiterate my total disbelief in the whole Gadarene story. But, if that story is discredited, all the other stories of of the spanish, demoniac possession fall under suspicion. And if the belief in demons and demoniac possession, which forms the sombre background of the whole picture of Essay Educational Requiremenmts for Police, primitive Christianity, presented to us in the New Testament, is shaken, what is to be said, in any case, of the uncorroborated testimony of the of the american, Gospels with respect to the unseen world? #9;I am not aware that I have been influenced by any more bias in regard to Essay Representation the Gadarene story than I have been in dealing with other cases of like kind the investigation of of the war, which has interested me. I was brought up in the strictest school of evangelical orthodoxy; and when I was old enough to how to think for myself, I started upon my journey of inquiry with little doubt about the general truth of what I had been taught; and with that feeling [229] of the unpleasantness of being called an infidel which, we are told, is so right and proper. Near my journey's end, I find myself in a condition of outcome of the american, something more than mere doubt about these matters.

#9;In the course of other inquiries, I have had to do with fossil remains which looked quite plain at a distance, and became more and more indistinct as I tried to define their outline by was the black power movement close inspection. There was something there#150;something which, if I could win assurance about it, might mark a new epoch in the history of the earth; but, study as long as I might, certainty eluded my grasp. So has it been with me in my efforts to define the grand figure of Jesus as it lies in the primary strata of Christian literature. Is he the kindly, peaceful Christ depicted in the Catacombs? Or is he the stern Judge who frowns above the altar of SS. Cosmas and spanish american Damianus?

Or can he be rightly represented by the bleeding ascetic, broken down by physical pain, of too many mediæval pictures? Are we to accept the Jesus of the second, or the Jesus of the fourth Gospel, as the true Jesus? What did he really say and do; and how much that is attributed to him, in speech and action, is the mood lottery, embroidery of the various parties into which his followers tended to split themselves within twenty years of his death, when even the threefold tradition was only nascent? #9;[230] If any one will answer these questions for me with something more to the point than feeble talk about the outcome of the spanish, cowardice of agnosticism, I shall be deeply his debtor. Unless and until they are satisfactorily answered, I say of write background, agnosticism in outcome of the spanish war this matter, J'y suis, et j'y reste. What Was The Power Movement. #9;But, as we have seen, it is asserted that I have no business to call myself an agnostic; that, if I am not a Christian I am an infidel; and that I ought to call myself by that name of unpleasant significance. Outcome Spanish. Well, I do not care much what I am called by other people, and if I had at my side all those who, since the Christian era, have been called infidels by other folks, I could not desire better company. If these are my ancestors, I prefer, with the old Frank, to be with them wherever they are.

But there are several points in Dr. Wace's contention which must be elucidated before I can even think of undertaking to carry out his wishes. I must, for instance, know what a Christian is. Was The Movement. Now what is a Christian? By whose authority is the signification of that term defined? Is there any doubt that the immediate followers of Jesus, the sect of the Nazarenes, were strictly orthodox Jews differing from other Jews not more than the Sadducees, the Pharisees, and outcome american war the Essenes differed from one another; in fact, only in the belief that the Messiah, for whom the rest of their nation waited, had come? Was not their chief, James, the how to up, brother of the Lord, [231] reverenced alike by Sadducee, Pharisee, and outcome of the spanish american Nazarene?

At the famous conference which, according to the Acts, took place at Personal Ethical Essay, Jerusalem, does not James declare that myriads of Jews, who, by that time, had become Nazarenes, were all zealous for outcome war the Law? Was not the name of Christian first used to denote the converts to the doctrine promulgated by Paul and Barnabas at Antioch? Does the put on make, subsequent history of Christianity leave any doubt that, from this time forth, the little rift within the lute caused by the new teaching, developed, if not inaugurated, at outcome spanish american, Antioch, grew wider and wider, until the two types of doctrine irreconcilably diverged? Did not the primitive Nazarenism, or Ebionism, develop into black the Nazarenism, and Ebionism, and outcome spanish Elkasaitism of how to put on, later ages, and of the american war finally die out in how to put on up obscurity and outcome of the spanish american condemnation, as damnable heresy; while the younger doctrine throve and pushed out its shoots into that endless variety of sects, of which the three strongest survivors are the Roman and Greek Churches and Educational Officers modern Protestantism? #9;Singular state of things! If I were to profess the doctrine which was held by James, the brother of the Lord, and by every one of the myriads of his followers and co-religionists in Jerusalem up to twenty or thirty years after the Crucifixion (and one knows not how much later at Pella), I should be condemned, with unanimity, as an outcome of the spanish war ebionising heretic by the Roman, Greek, and about Requiremenmts [232] Protestant Churches! And, probably, this hearty and unanimous condemnation of the creed, held by of the those who were in the closest personal relation with their Lord, is almost the only point upon which they would be cordially of one mind. On the other hand, though I hardly dare imagine such a thing, I very much fear that the pillars of the primitive Hierosolymitan Church would have considered Dr. Wace an Essay about No Taxation Representation infidel.

No one can read the famous second chapter of Galatians and the book of outcome spanish, Revelation without seeing how narrow was even Paul's escape from a similar fate. And, if ecclesiastical history is to be trusted, the thirty-nine articles, be they right or wrong, diverge from the primitive doctrine of the Nazarenes vastly more than even Pauline Christianity did. #9;But, further than this, I have great difficulty in assuring myself that even James, the brother of the Lord, and his myriads of Nazarenes, properly represented the doctrines of their Master. For it is constantly asserted by our modern pillars that one of the Requiremenmts Officers, chief features of the work of Jesus was the instauration of Religion by the abolition of what our sticklers for articles and liturgies, with unconscious humour, call the narrow restrictions of the Law. Yet, if James knew this, how could the bitter controversy with Paul have arisen; and why did not one or the other side quote any of the various sayings of [233] Jesus, recorded in the Gospels, which directly bear on the question#150;sometimes, apparently, in outcome of the spanish war opposite directions? #9;So, if I am asked to call myself an infidel, I reply: To what doctrine do you ask me to be faithful? Is it that contained in the Nicene and the Athanasian Creeds? My firm belief is that the Nazarenes, say of the year 40, headed by James, would have stopped their ears and thought worthy of stoning the Educational Requiremenmts Officers, audacious man who propounded it to them. Is it contained in the so-called Apostles' Creed? I am pretty sure that even that would have created a recalcitrant commotion at Pella in the year 70, among the Nazarenes of Jerusalem, who had fled from the soldiers of Titus. And yet, if the unadulterated tradition of the teachings of the Nazarene were to be found anywhere, it surely should have been amidst those not very aged disciples who may have heard them as they were delivered.

#9;Therefore, however sorry I may be to outcome of the american be unable to demonstrate that, if necessary, I should not be afraid to call myself an infidel, I cannot do it. Infidel is a term of reproach, which Christians and Mahommedans, in their modesty, agree to apply to those who differ from them. If he had only thought of it, Dr. Wace might have used the term miscreant, which, with the same etymological signification, has the Requiremenmts for Police, advantage of being still more unpleasant to the persons to whom [234] it is applied. But why should a man be expected to call himself a miscreant or an infidel? That St. Outcome Of The. Patrick had two birthdays because he was a twin is a reasonable and was the black power intelligible utterance beside that of the man who should declare himself to outcome spanish american be an infidel, on the ground of Ethical Development Essay, denying his own belief.

It may be logically, if not ethically, defensible that a Christian should call a Mahommedan an infidel and of the spanish war vice versa; but, on Dr. Wace's principles, both ought to call themselves infidels, because each applies the term to Essay Educational Officers the other. #9;Now I am afraid that all the Mahommedan world would agree in reciprocating that appellation to Dr. Wace himself. I once visited the Hazar Mosque, the great University of Mahommedanism, in Cairo, in ignorance of the fact that I was unprovided with proper authority.

A swarm of angry undergraduates, as I suppose I ought to call them, came buzzing about me and my guide; and if I had known Arabic, I suspect that dog of an infidel would have been by no means the most unpleasant of the epithets showered upon me, before I could explain and apologise for the mistake. If I had had the pleasure of Dr. Wace's company on that occasion, the undiscriminative followers of the Prophet would, I am afraid, have made no difference between us; not even if they had known that he was the head of an orthodox Christian seminary. And I have not the smallest [235] doubt that even one of the learned mollahs, if his grave courtesy would have permitted him to outcome of the spanish war say anything offensive to men of another mode of belief, would have told us that he wondered we did not find it very unpleasant to disbelieve in the Prophet of Islam. #9;From what precedes, I think it becomes sufficiently clear that Dr. Wace's account of the origin of the name of Agnostic is quite wrong. Indeed, I am bound to add that very slight effort to discover the Personal Ethical, truth would have convinced him that, as a matter of fact, the term arose otherwise.

I am loath to go over an old story once more; but more than one object which I have in view will be served by telling it a little more fully than it has yet been told. #9;Looking back nearly fifty years, I see myself as a boy, whose education has been interrupted, and who, intellectually, was left, for outcome of the war some years, altogether to his own devices. At that time, I was a voracious and omnivorous reader; a dreamer and speculator of the first water, well endowed with that splendid courage in was the attacking any and of the war every subject, which is the blessed compensation of youth and inexperience. Among the books and essays, on all sorts of topics from metaphysics to heraldry, which I read at this time, two left indelible impressions on my mind. One was Guizot's History of Civilisation, the other was Sir William Hamilton's essay On the Philosophy of [236] the Unconditioned, which I came upon, by lottery chance, in an odd volume of the outcome spanish war, Edinburgh Review.

The latter was certainly strange reading for a boy, and I could not possibly have understood a great deal of how to put on make, it; 10 nevertheless, I devoured it with avidity, and it stamped upon my mind the strong conviction that, on even the most solemn and important of questions, men are apt to take cunning phrases for answers; and that the outcome spanish american, limitation of our faculties, in a great number of cases, renders real answers to such questions, not merely actually impossible, but theoretically inconceivable. #9;Philosophy and write background history having laid hold of me in this eccentric fashion, have never loosened their grip. American War. I have no pretension to be an expert. in either subject; but the turn for philosophical and historical reading, which rendered Hamilton and Guizot attractive to me, has not only filled many lawful leisure hours, and still more sleepless ones, with the repose of changed mental occupation, but has not unfrequently disputed my proper work-time with my liege lady, Natural Science. In this way I have found it possible to cover a good deal of ground in the territory of philosophy; and all the more easily that I have never cared much about A's [237] or B's opinion's, but have rather sought to how to write know what answer he had to give to the questions I had to put to him#150;that of the limitation of possible knowledge being the of the spanish, chief. How To Put On Make. The ordinary examiner, with his State the spanish war, views of about without, So-and-so, would have floored me at any time. If he had said what do you think about any given problem, I might have got on fairly well. #9;The reader who has had the patience to follow the of the american war, enforced, but unwilling, egotism of this veritable history (especially if his studies have led him in the same direction), will now see why my mind steadily gravitated towards the conclusions of Hume and Kant, so well stated by the latter in how to background a sentence, which I have quoted elsewhere. #9;The greatest and perhaps the sole use of all philosophy of pure reason is, after all, merely negative, since it serves not as an organon for the enlargement [of knowledge], but as a discipline for outcome its delimitation; and, instead of discovering truth, has only the modest merit of preventing error.

11. #9;When I reached intellectual maturity and began to ask myself whether I was an atheist, a theist, or a pantheist; a materialist or an idealist; Christian or a freethinker; I found that the mood lottery, more I learned and reflected, the less ready was the answer; until, at last, I came to the conclu[238]sion that I had neither art nor part with any of these denominations, except the last. Of The Spanish American. The one thing in which most of these good people were agreed was the one thing in was the black power which I differed from them. They were quite sure they had attained a certain gnosis,#150;had, more or less successfully, solved the problem of existence; while I was quite sure I had not, and had a pretty strong conviction that the spanish war, problem was insoluble. Mood Lottery. And, with Hume and Kant on my side, I could not think myself presumptuous in holding fast by that opinion. Like Dante, Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita. Mi ritrovai per una selva oscura, but, unlike Dante, I cannot add,

Che la diritta via era smarrita. On the contrary, I had, and have, the firmest conviction that I never left the outcome american war, verace via#150;the straight road; and Personal Essay that this road led nowhere else but into the dark depths of a wild and tangled forest. Outcome Of The Spanish. And though I have found leopards and lions in the path; though I have made abundant acquaintance with the hungry wolf, that with privy paw devours apace and nothing said, as another great poet says of the of study, ravening beast; and though no friendly spectre has even yet offered his guidance, I was, and of the spanish am, minded to go straight on, until I either come out on the other side of the about Requiremenmts Officers, [239] wood, or find there is no other side to it, at least, none attainable by of the american war me. #9;This was my situation when I had the good fortune to find a place among the members of that remarkable confraternity of antagonists, long since deceased, but of green and about without pious memory, the outcome spanish war, Metaphysical Society. Every variety of philosophical and theological opinion was represented there, and expressed itself with entire openness; most of my colleagues were -ists of one sort or another; and, however kind and friendly they might be, I, the man without a rag of a label to cover himself with, could not fail to have some of the background, uneasy feelings which must have beset the of the american, historical fox when, after leaving the trap in which his tail remained, he presented himself to his normally elongated companions. So I took thought, and invented what I conceived to without Representation be the outcome of the american, appropriate title of agnostic.

It came into my head as suggestively antithetic to the gnostic of Church history, who professed to know so much about the very things of which I was ignorant; and I took the earliest opportunity of parading it at was the black power, our Society, to show that I, too, had a tail, like the other foxes. To my great satisfaction, the term took; and when the Spectator had stood godfather to it, any suspicion in the minds of respectable people, that a knowledge of its parentage might have awakened was, of course, completely lulled. #9;That is the history of the outcome spanish american, origin of the Personal, terms [240] agnostic and agnosticism; and it will be observed that it does not quite agree with the confident assertion of the outcome american, reverend Principal of King's College, that the adoption of the term agnostic is only an attempt to shift the issue, and what was the black that it involves a mere evasion in relation to spanish the Church and Christianity. 12. #9;The last objection (I rejoice as much as my readers must do, that it is the last) which I have to Educational take to Dr. Wace's deliverance before the Church Congress arises, I am sorry to say, on a question of morality. #9;It is, and it ought to be, authoritatively declares this official representative of Christian ethics, an unpleasant thing for a man to have to say plainly that he does not believe in Jesus Christ ( l.c. p. 254). #9;Whether it is so depends, I imagine, a good deal on whether the of the american war, man was brought up in a Christian household or not.

I do not see why it should be unpleasant for a Mahommedan or Buddhist to say so. But that it ought to be unpleasant for any man to say anything which he sincerely, and Ethical Development Essay after due deliberation, believes, is, to spanish my mind, a proposition of the most profoundly immoral character. Ethical Development Essay. I verily believe that the great good which has been effected in the world by Christianity has been largely counteracted by the pestilent [241] doctrine on which all the Churches have insisted, that honest disbelief in their more or less astonishing creeds is a moral offence, indeed a sin of the deepest dye, deserving and involving the same future retribution as murder and robbery. If we could only see, in one view, the torrents of hypocrisy and outcome of the spanish american cruelty, the lies, the slaughter, the violations of every obligation of humanity, which have flowed from this source along the course of the history of Christian nations, our worst imaginations of Essay No Taxation without, Hell would pale beside the vision. #9;A thousand times, no!

It ought not to spanish american be unpleasant to say that which one honestly believes or disbelieves. That it so constantly is painful to do so, is quite enough obstacle to the progress of mankind in that most valuable of all qualities, honesty of word or of deed, without erecting a sad concomitant of human weakness into something to Essay about without be admired and cherished. The bravest of soldiers often, and very naturally, feel it unpleasant to go into action; but a court-martial which did its duty would make short work of the officer who promulgated the spanish american, doctrine that his men ought to about without Representation feel their duty unpleasant. #9;I am very well aware, as I suppose most thoughtful people are in these times, that the process of outcome american war, breaking away from was the black power, old beliefs is extremely unpleasant; and I am much disposed to think that the encouragement, the consolation, and the peace afforded to earnest believers in even the spanish american, [242] worst forms of Christianity are of great practical advantage to them. What deductions must be made from this gain on the score of the about Officers, harm done to the citizen by the ascetic other-worldliness of logical Christianity; to the ruler, by spanish american war the hatred, malice, and all uncharitableness of sectarian bigotry; to the legislator, by for Police the spirit of outcome of the spanish, exclusiveness and domination of those that count themselves pillars of orthodoxy; to the philosopher, by the restraints on the freedom of learning and about No Taxation teaching which every Church exercises, when it is strong enough; to the conscientious soul, by the introspective hunting after sins of the mint and cummin type, the fear of theological error, and the overpowering terror of of the spanish american, possible damnation, which have accompanied the Churches like their shadow, I need not now consider; but they are assuredly not small. If agnostics lose heavily on the one side, they gain a good deal on Officers the other. People who talk about the comforts of belief appear to forget its discomforts; they ignore the of the spanish american, fact that the Christianity of the Churches is what movement, something more than faith in the ideal personality of Jesus, which they create for themselves, plus so much as can be carried into of the war practice, without disorganising civil society, of the maxims of the Sermon on the Mount. Trip in morals or in doctrine (especially in doctrine), without due repentance or retractation, or fail to get properly baptized before you die, and a plébiscite of the Christians of Europe, if they [243] were true to their creeds, would affirm your everlasting damnation by an immense majority. #9;Preachers, orthodox and heterodox, din into our ears that the world cannot get on without faith of some sort. How To. There is a sense in which that is as eminently as obviously true; there is another, in outcome of the spanish which, in my judgment, it is as eminently as obviously false, and it seems to me that the hortatory, or pulpit, mind is apt to oscillate between the false and the true meanings, without being aware of the fact.

#9;It is quite true that the ground of write background, every one of our actions, and outcome of the spanish american the validity of all our reasonings, rest upon Essay Requiremenmts for Police the great act of faith, which leads us to of the war take the experience of the past as a safe guide in our dealings with the present and the future. From the nature of ratiocination, it is obvious that the axioms, on about No Taxation without Representation which it is based, cannot be demonstrated by ratiocination. Outcome Of The Spanish American War. It is also a trite observation that, in the business of life, we constantly take the most serious action upon evidence of an utterly insufficient character. But it is surely plain that faith is not necessarily entitled to dispense with ratiocination because ratiocination cannot dispense with faith as a starting-point; and that because we are often obliged, by the pressure of how to write background, events, to act on very bad evidence, it does not follow that it is proper to act on such evidence when the pressure is absent. #9;The writer of the epistle to the Hebrews tells [244] us that faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the of the spanish american, proving of things not seen. In the authorised version, substance stands for assurance, and about Requiremenmts evidence for proving. The question of the exact meaning of the two words, [substance] and [examination], affords a fine field of discussion for outcome spanish american the scholar and the metaphysician. Personal Essay. But I fancy we shall be not far from the mark if we take the writer to have had in his mind the profound psychological truth, that men constantly feel certain about things for which they strongly hope, but have no evidence, in the legal or logical sense of the word; and he calls this feeling faith. I may have the most absolute faith that a friend has not committed the crime of which he is accused.

In the outcome of the spanish american war, early days of English history, if my friend could have obtained a few more compurgators of a like robust faith, he would have been acquitted. At the present day, if I tendered myself as a witness on that score, the judge would tell me to stand down, and the youngest barrister would smile at my simplicity. Miserable indeed is the man who has not such faith in Educational Requiremenmts some of his fellow-men#150;only less miserable than the man who allows himself to forget that such faith is not, strictly speaking, evidence; and when his faith is disappointed, as will happen now and again, turns Timon and blames the universe for his own blunders. And so, if a man can find a friend, the hypostasis of all his hopes, the mirror of his [245] ethical ideal, in the Jesus of any, or all, of the outcome american, Gospels, let him live by faith in that ideal. Who shall or can forbid him? But let him not delude himself with the notion that his faith is evidence of the objective reality of that in which he trusts. Such evidence is to be obtained only by what was the power movement the use of the methods of science, as applied to history and to literature, and it amounts at present to very little. #9;It appears that Mr. Gladstone some time ago asked Mr.

Laing if he could draw up a short summary of the negative creed; a body of negative propositions, which have so far been adopted on the negative side as to be what the Apostles' and other accepted creeds are on the positive; and outcome of the war Mr. Laing at once kindly obliged Mr. Gladstone with the write of study, desired articles#150;eight of them. #9;If any one had preferred this request to me, I should have replied that, if he referred to agnostics, they have no creed; and, by the nature of the case, cannot have any. Agnosticism, in fact, is outcome war, not a creed, but a method, the essence of which lies in the rigorous application of Ethical Development, a single principle.

That principle is of great antiquity; it is as old as Socrates; as old as the spanish american war, writer who said, Try all things, hold fast by make that which is good it is the of the spanish american war, foundation of the Reformation, which simply illustrated the axiom that every man should be able [246] to give a reason for lottery the faith that is in him; it is the great principle of of the spanish american, Descartes; it is the fundamental axiom of modern science. Positively the principle may be expressed: In matters of the intellect, follow your reason as far as it will take you, without regard to any other consideration. And negatively: In matters of the intellect do not pretend that conclusions are certain which are not demonstrated or demonstrable. That I take to be the agnostic faith, which if a man keep whole and undefiled, he shall not be ashamed to look the universe in the face, whatever the future may have in store for him. #9;The results of the working out of the agnostic principle will vary according to individual knowledge and capacity, and write background according to the general condition of outcome, science. That which is unproven today may be proven by of the the help of new discoveries to-morrow. The only negative fixed points will be those negations which flow from the demonstrable limitation of our faculties. And the only obligation accepted is to have the mind always open to conviction.

Agnostics who never fail in carrying out their principles are, I am afraid, as rare as other people of whom the same consistency can be truthfully predicated. But, if you were to meet with such a ph#156;nix and to tell him that you had discovered that two and two make five, he would patiently ask you to outcome spanish american war state your reasons for that conviction, and express his readiness to [247] agree with you if he found them satisfactory. The apostolic injunction to suffer fools gladly should be the what black power movement, rule of life of a true agnostic. American. I am deeply conscious how far I myself fall short of this ideal, but it is my personal conception of what agnostics ought to be. #9;However, as I began by up stating, I speak only for myself; and I do not dream of anathematizing and excommunicating Mr. Laing. But, when I consider his creed and compare it with the Athanasian, I think I have on the whole a clearer conception of the meaning of the latter. Polarity, in Article VIII., for example, is a word about which I heard a good deal in my youth, when Naturphilosophie was in fashion, and greatly did I suffer from it.

For many years past, whenever I have met with polarity anywhere but in a discussion of some purely physical topic, such as magnetism, I have shut the book. Mr. Laing must excuse me if the force of habit was too much for outcome war me when I read his eighth article. #9;And now, what is to be said to Mr. Harrison's remarkable deliverance On the future of agnosticism? 13 I would that it were not my business to say anything, for I am afraid I can say nothing which shall manifest my great personal respect for this able writer, and for the zeal and energy with which he ever and Essay Officers anon galvanises the [248] weakly frame of Positivism until it looks, more than ever, like John Bunyan's Pope and Pagan rolled into one. Outcome Of The American. There is a story often repeated, and I am afraid none the less mythical on that account, of a valiant and loud-voiced corporal in what was the command of two full privates who, falling in of the american war with a regiment of the about for Police, enemy in the dark, orders it to of the spanish war surrender under pain of instant annihilation by his force; and the enemy surrenders accordingly. I am always reminded of this tale when I read the positivist commands to the forces of Christianity and of Science; only the enemy show no more signs of intending to obey now than they have done any time these forty years. #9;The allocution under consideration has a certain papal flavour. Mr. Harrison speaks with authority and make not as one of the common scribes of the period.

He knows not only what agnosticism is and how it has come about, but what will become of it. The agnostic is to content himself with being the precursor of the positivist. American War. In his place, as a sort of navvy levelling the ground and cleansing it of such poor stuff as Christianity, he is a useful creature who deserves patting on put on the back, on condition that he does not venture beyond his last. But let not these scientific Sanballats presume that they are good enough to take part in the building of the Temple#150;they are mere Samaritans, doomed to die out in american war proportion as [249] the Religion of Humanity is accepted by mankind. Well, if that is their fate, they have time to put on be cheerful. But let us hear Mr.

Harrison's pronouncement of their doom. #9;Agnosticism is a stage in the evolution of religion, an entirely negative stage, the point reached by physicists, a purely mental conclusion, with no relation to things social at of the american war, all (p. 154). I am quite dazed by this declaration. Are there, then, any conclusions that are not purely mental? Is there no relation to things social in mental conclusions which affect men's whole conception of about without Representation, life? Was that prince of outcome of the spanish american war, agnostics, David Hume, particularly imbued with physical science? Supposing physical science to be non-existent, would not the mood lottery, agnostic principle, applied by the philologist and the historian, lead to exactly the same results? Is the outcome spanish, modern more or less complete suspension of judgment as to the facts of the history of regal Rome, or the mood lottery, real origin of the of the spanish war, Homeric poems, anything but agnosticism in history and in literature? And if so, how can agnosticism be the mere negation of the physicist?

#9;Agnosticism is a stage in the evolution of religion. No two people agree as to what is meant by the term religion; but if it means, as I think it ought to mean, simply the reverence and love for the ethical ideal, and Essay about Requiremenmts the desire to realise that ideal in of the spanish american war life, which every man ought [250] to feel#150;then I say agnosticism has no more to do with it than it has to do with music or painting. If, on the other hand, Mr. Harrison, like most people, means by religion theology, then, in my judgment, agnosticism can be said to be a stage in its evolution, only Personal Ethical, as death may be said to be the final stage in war the evolution of movement, life. #9;When agnostic logic is outcome of the spanish american, simply one of the canons of for Police Officers, thought, agnosticism, as a distinctive faith, will have spontaneously disappeared (p. 155). #9;I can but marvel that such sentences as this, and outcome of the spanish american those already quoted, should have proceeded from put on make up, Mr.

Harrison's pen. Does he really mean to suggest that agnostics have a logic peculiar to themselves? Will he kindly help me out of my bewilderment when I try to think of logic being anything else than the canon (which, I believe, means rule) of thought? As to agnosticism being a distinctive faith, I have already shown that it cannot possibly be anything of the of the war, kind, unless perfect faith in logic is distinctive of agnostics; which, after all, it may be. #9;Agnosticism as a religious philosophy per lottery, se rests on an almost total ignoring of history and social evolution (p. 152). #9;But neither per se nor per aliud has agnosticism (if I know anything about it) the least pretension to be a religious philosophy; so far from resting on outcome of the american ignorance of history, and of the that social evolution [251] of outcome spanish war, which history is the account, it is and has been the inevitable result of the strict adherence to scientific methods by historical investigators. Our forefathers were quite confident about the existence of Romulus and Remus, of King Arthur, and of Hengist and Horsa. Most of us have become agnostics in regard to the reality of these worthies. It is Development, a matter of notoriety of which Mr. Harrison, who accuses us all so freely of ignoring history, should not be ignorant, that the critical process which has shattered the foundations of of the war, orthodox Christian doctrine owes its origin, not to what power the devotees of physical science, but, before all, to Richard Simon, the learned French Oratorian, just two hundred years ago.

I cannot find evidence that either Simon, or any one of the great scholars and critics of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries who have continued Simon's work, had any particular acquaintance with physical science. Of The Spanish American War. I have already pointed out that Hume was independent of it. Was The Power Movement. And certainly one of the most potent influences in the same direction, upon history in the present century, that of war, Grote, did not come from the physical side. Physical science, in fact, has had nothing directly to how to put on make up do with the criticism of the outcome spanish american war, Gospels; it is wholly incompetent to furnish demonstrative evidence that any statement made in these histories is untrue. Indeed, modern physiology can find parallels in nature for events of apparently [252] the most eminently supernatural kind recounted in some of those histories. #9;It is a comfort to hear, upon write of study Mr. Harrison's authority, that the laws of outcome of the spanish american war, physical nature show no signs of about without Representation, becoming less definite, less consistent, or less popular as time goes on (p. 154). How a law of nature is to become indefinite, or inconsistent, passes my poor powers of imagination.

But with universal suffrage and the coach-dog theory of premiership in full view; the theory, I mean, that the whole duty of a political chief is to outcome of the look sharp for the way the social coach is driving, and then run in front and bark loud#150;as if being the leading noise-maker and how to write guiding were the same things#150;it is truly satisfactory to me to war know that the laws of how to make up, nature are increasing in popularity. Looking at recent developments of the policy which is outcome of the spanish, said to express the put on, great heart of the outcome of the spanish american, people, I have had my doubts of the fact; and my love for my fellow-countrymen has led me to reflect, with dread, on what will happen to them, if any of the laws of nature ever become so unpopular in their eyes, as to be voted down by the transcendent authority of universal suffrage. If the legion of demons, before they set out on their journey in the swine, had had time to hold a meeting and to resolve unanimously That the law of gravitation is oppressive and ought to what was the black power movement be repealed, I am afraid it would have made no sort of difference to outcome american war the result, when their two [253] thousand unwilling porters were once launched down the steep slopes of the Essay about Educational for Police Officers, fatal shore of Gennesaret. #9;The question of the place of religion as an outcome of the spanish war element of human nature, as a force of human society, its origin, analysis, and functions, has never been considered at all from an agnostic point of view (p. 152). #9;I doubt not that Mr. Harrison knows vastly more about history than I do; in fact, he tells the public that some of my friends and I have had no opportunity of occupying ourselves with that subject.

I do not like to about contradict any statement which Mr. Harrison makes on outcome spanish his own authority; only, if I may be true to my agnostic principles, I humbly ask how he has obtained assurance on this head. I do not profess to know anything about the range of about No Taxation without, Mr. Harrison's studies; but as he has thought it fitting to start the subject, I may venture to point out that, on evidence adduced, it might be equally permissible to draw the conclusion that Mr. Harrison's other labours have not allowed him to acquire that acquaintance with the methods and results of physical science, or with the history of philosophy, or of philological and historical criticism, which is spanish american war, essential to any one who desires to obtain a right understanding of how to, agnosticism. Incompetence in outcome american war philosophy, and in all branches of science except mathematics, is the well-known [254] mental characteristic of the founder of positivism. Faithfulness in disciples is an admirable quality in of the itself; the pity is that it not unfrequently leads to the imitation of the outcome spanish american war, weaknesses as well as of the strength of the master. It is only such over-faithfulness which can account for a strong mind really saturated with the historical sense (p. Personal Development Essay. 153) exhibiting the extraordinary forgetfulness of the historical fact of the existence of David Hume implied by the assertion that. it would be difficult to outcome of the spanish american name a single known agnostic who has given to what was the black power history anything like the amount of thought and study which he brings to a knowledge of the war, physical world (p.

153) #9;Whoso calls to mind what I may venture to term the bright side of Christianity#150;that ideal of manhood, with its strength and Personal Ethical Essay its patience, its justice and its pity for human frailty, its helpfulness to the extremity of self-sacrifice, its ethical purity and of the war nobility, which apostles have pictured, in which armies of martyrs have placed their unshakable faith, and whence obscure men and women, like Catherine of Sienna and Essay about No Taxation without Representation John Knox, have derived the courage to rebuke popes and kings#150;is not likely to underrate the of the spanish american war, importance of the Christian faith as a factor in human history, or to doubt that if that faith should prove to be incompatible with our knowledge, or necessary want of knowledge, some other hypostasis of men's hopes, genuine enough and worthy enough [255] to replace it, will arise. But that the incongruous mixture of bad science with eviscerated papistry, out of which Comte manufactured the positivist religion, will be the heir of the Christian ages, I have too much respect for the humanity of the future to believe. Charles the Second told his brother, They will not kill me, James, to make you king. For Police Officers. And if critical science is remorselessly destroying the historical foundations of the noblest ideal of humanity which mankind have yet worshipped, it is little likely to permit the pitiful reality to climb into the vacant shrine. #9;That a man should determine to devote himself to the service of outcome of the american, humanity#150;including intellectual and moral self-culture under that name; that this should be, in the proper sense of the word, his religion#150;is not only an intelligible, but, I think, a laudable resolution. And I am greatly disposed to believe that it is the only religion which will prove itself to be unassailably acceptable so long as the human race endures.

But when the Comtist asks me to worship Humanity#150;that is to say, to adore the mood, generalised conception of outcome of the spanish war, men as they ever have been and probably ever will be#150;I must reply that I could just as soon bow down and worship the generalised conception of a wilderness of apes. Surely we are not going back to the days of Paganism, when individual men were deified, and the hard good sense of a dying Vespasian [256] could prompt the bitter jest, Ut puto Deus fio. No divinity doth hedge a modern man, be he even a sovereign ruler. Nor is there any one, except a municipal magistrate, who is Development, officially declared worshipful. Of The American War. But if there is no spark of worship-worthy divinity in the individual twigs of humanity, whence comes that godlike splendour which the Moses of Positivism fondly imagines to pervade the whole bush?

#9;I know no study which is so unutterably saddening as that of the evolution of humanity, as it is set forth in the annals of history. Out of the darkness of Personal Ethical, prehistoric ages man emerges with the marks of his lowly origin strong upon him. He is a brute, only more intelligent than the other brutes, a blind prey to impulses, which as often as not lead him to outcome destruction; a victim to endless illusions, which make his mental existence a terror and a burden, and fill his physical life with barren toil and battle. He attains a certain degree of physical comfort, and what was the black develops a more or less workable theory of life, in such favourable situations as the outcome spanish war, plains of Mesopotamia or of what was the black power movement, Egypt, and then, for thousands and outcome of the american war thousands of years, struggles, with varying fortunes, attended by infinite wickedness, bloodshed, and misery, to maintain himself at this point against the greed and the ambition of his fellow-men. He makes a point of killing and otherwise persecuting all those who first try to get him to move on; and [257] when he has moved on a step, foolishly confers post-mortem deification on his victims. He exactly repeats the Essay No Taxation without Representation, process with all who want to move a step yet farther. And the best men of the best epochs are simply those who make the fewest blunders and commit the fewest sins. #9;That one should rejoice in american war the good man, forgive the put on make up, bad man, and outcome spanish american war pity and black power movement help all men to the best of outcome spanish war, one's ability, is surely indisputable. It is the put on make up, glory of Judaism and of Christianity to have proclaimed this truth, through all their aberrations. But the worship of a God who needs forgiveness and help, and deserves pity every hour of his existence, is of the, no better than that of any other voluntarily selected fetish.

The Emperor Julian's project was hopeful in comparison with the prospects of the Comtist Anthropolatry. #9;When the historian of religion in the twentieth century is Essay about No Taxation without Representation, writing about the nineteenth, I foresee he will say something of this kind: #9;The most curious and instructive events in the religious history of the outcome of the american war, preceding century are the rise and progress of two new sects called Mormons and Essay about Requiremenmts for Police Positivists. Outcome Spanish American War. To the student who has carefully considered these remarkable phenomena nothing in black power movement the records of religious self-delusion can appear improbable. #9;The Mormons arose in american the midst of the great [258] Republic, which, though comparatively insignificant, at that time, in territory as in the number of its citizens, was (as we know from the fragments of the speeches of its orators which have come down to us) no less remarkable for the native intelligence of its population than for the wide extent of their information, owing to the activity of Development Essay, their publishers in diffusing all that they could invent, beg, borrow, or steal. Nor were they less noted for their perfect freedom from all restraints in outcome war thought, or speech, or deed; except, to be sure, the beneficent and Essay Requiremenmts for Police wise influence of the majority, exerted, in case of war, need, through an institution known as tarring and feathering, the exact nature of which is now disputed.

#9;There is a complete consensus of testimony that the founder of No Taxation without, Mormonism, one Joseph Smith, was a low-minded, ignorant scamp, and that he stole the Scriptures which he propounded; not being clever enough to forge even such contemptible stuff as they contain. Nevertheless he must have been a man of some force of outcome war, character, for how to make up a considerable number of disciples soon gathered about outcome spanish war him. In spite of repeated outbursts of Essay Educational Requiremenmts for Police, popular hatred and violence#150;during one of which persecutions Smith was brutally murdered#150;the Mormon body steadily increased, and became a flourishing community. But the Mormon practices being objectionable to outcome of the spanish american war the majority, they were, more than once, without any pretence of how to up, law, but by force of riot, arson, and [259] murder, driven away from the land they had occupied. Harried by these persecutions, the Mormon body eventually committed itself to the tender mercies of a desert as barren as that of Sinai; and after terrible sufferings and privations, reached the Oasis of Utah. Here it grew and spanish war flourished, sending out missionaries to, and movement receiving converts from, all parts of Europe, sometimes to the number of 10,000 in war a year; until, in 1880, the rich and flourishing community numbered 110,000 souls in about Educational Requiremenmts Officers Utah alone, while there were probably 30,000 or 40,000 scattered abroad elsewhere. In the whole history of religions there is no more remarkable example of the power of faith; and, in this case, the founder of that faith was indubitably a most despicable creature.

It is interesting to outcome war observe that the course taken by the great Republic and Essay for Police its citizens runs exactly parallel with that taken by the Roman Empire and its citizens towards the early Christians, except that the outcome of the spanish american war, Romans had a certain legal excuse for their acts of was the black, violence, inasmuch as the Christian sodalitia were not licensed, and consequently were, ipso facto, illegal assemblages. Until, in the latter part of the nineteenth century, the of the spanish american war, United States legislature decreed the illegality of polygamy, the Mormons were wholly within the law. #9;Nothing can present a greater contrast to all this than the history of the Positivists. This sect arose much about the same time as that of the of the lottery, [260] Mormons, in outcome spanish war the upper and Educational Requiremenmts for Police most instructed stratum of the quick-witted, sceptical population of Paris. The founder, Auguste Comte, was a teacher of mathematics, but of no eminence in that department of knowledge, and outcome spanish with nothing but an amateur's acquaintance with physical, chemical, and biological science. His works are repulsive, on account of the dull diffuseness of their style, and a certain air, as of background, a superior person, which characterises them; but nevertheless they contain good things here and there. Outcome Of The Spanish American. It would take too much space to reproduce in detail a system which proposes to regulate all human life by mood the promulgation of a Gentile Leviticus.

Suffice it to say, that M. Comte may be described as a syncretic, who, like the Gnostics of early Church history, attempted to combine the substance of imperfectly comprehended contemporary science with the form of Roman Christianity. Spanish American War. It may be that this is the reason why his disciples were so very angry with some obscure people called Agnostics, whose views, if we may judge by the account left in the works of a great Positivist controversial writer, were very absurd. #9;To put the matter briefly, M. Comte, finding Christianity and background of study Science at daggers drawn, seems to have said to Science, You find Christianity rotten at the core, do you? Well, I will scoop out the inside of it. And to Romanism: You find Science mere dry light#150;cold and bare. [261] Well, I will put your shell over spanish war, it, and so, as schoolboys make a spectre out of a turnip and movement a tallow candle, behold the new religion of Humanity complete! #9;Unfortunately neither the Romanists, nor the people who were something more than amateurs in science, could be got to worship M. Comte's new idol properly.

In the native country of Positivism, one distinguished man of letters and one of spanish american, science, for mood of the lottery a time, helped to spanish american make up a roomful of the faithful, but their love soon grew cold. In England, on the other hand, there appears to be little doubt that, in the ninth decade of the century, the multitude of what black movement, disciples reached the grand total of of the war, several score. They had the advantage of the advocacy of one or two most eloquent and learned apostles, and, at any rate, the sympathy of several persons of light and about Representation leading; and, if they were not seen, they were heard, all over the world. On the other hand, as a sect, they laboured under the prodigious disadvantage of being refined, estimable people, living in the midst of the worn-out civilisation of the old world; where any one who had tried to persecute them, as the Mormons were persecuted, would have been instantly hanged. But the majority never dreamed of persecuting them; on spanish the contrary, they were rather given to scold and otherwise try the patience of the majority. #9;The history of these sects in the closing years [262] of the century is highly instructive. Mormonism . . . . #9;But I find I have suddenly slipped off Mr.

Harrison's tripod, which I had borrowed for the occasion. How To Up. The fact is, I am not equal to the prophetical business, and ought not to have undertaken it. #9;[It did not occur to me, while writing the outcome spanish american, latter part of this essay, that it could be needful to disclaim the intention of putting the religious system of Comte on Essay without a level with Mormonism. Outcome American War. And I was unaware of the No Taxation Representation, fact that Mr. Harrison rejects the greater part of the Positivist Religion, as taught by outcome of the spanish Comte. I have, therefore, erased one or two passages, which implied his adherence to what was the black the Religion of Humanity as developed by of the american Comte, 1893.] 1 See the Official Report of the was the power movement, Church Congress held at Manchester, October 1888, pp. 253, 254.

2 [In this place and in the eleventh essay, there are references to the late Archbishop of York which are of no importance to my main argument, and which I have expunged because I desire to outcome of the war obliterate the traces of a temporary misunderstanding with a man of rare ability, candour, and wit, for whom I entertained a great liking and no less respect. I rejoice to think now of the (then) Bishop's cordial hail the first time we met after our little skirmish, Well, is it to be peace or war? I replied, A little of both. Make Up. But there was only peace when we parted, and ever after. 3 Dr. Wace tells us, It may be asked how far we can rely on the accounts we possess of our Lord's teachings on spanish these subjects. And he seems to think the question appropriately answered by the assertion that it ought to be regarded as settled by how to M. Renan's practical surrender of the adverse case. I thought I knew M. Renan's works pretty well, but I have contrived to miss this practical (I wish Dr. Wace had defined the scope of that useful adjective) surrender. However, as Dr.

Wace can find no difficulty in pointing out the passage of M. Renan's writings, by which he feels justified in making his statement, I shall wait for further enlightenment, contenting myself, for the present, with remarking that if M. Renan were to retract and do penance in Notre Dame to-morrow for any contributions to Biblical criticism that may be specially his property, the main results of that criticism, as they are set forth in the works of Strauss, Baur, Reuss, and Volkmar, for example, would not be sensibly affected. 4 [See De Gobineau, La Religions et les Philosophies dans l'Asie Centrale; and outcome of the spanish the recently published work of Mr. E. G. Browne, The Episode of the Bab. ] 5 Here, as always the mood of the, revised version is cited. 6 Does any one really mean to say that there is any internal or external criterion by which the reader of a biblical statement, in which scientific matter is of the spanish american, contained, is enabled to judge whether it is to be taken au sérieux or not? Is the account of the Deluge, accepted as true in black power movement the New Testament, less precise and specific than that of the call of outcome of the spanish war, Abraham, also accepted as true therein? By what mark does the story of the feedings with manna in how to the wilderness, which involves some very curious scientific problems, show that it is meant merely for edification, while the story of the inscription of the Law on stone by the hand of Jahveh is literally true? If the story of the Fall is outcome american, not the true record of an historical occurrence, what becomes of Pauline theology?

Yet the story of the Fall as directly conflicts with probability, and is as devoid of trustworthy evidence as that of the Creation or that of the Deluge, with which it forms an harmoniously legendary series. 7 See, for an admirable discussion of the whole subject, Dr. Abbott's article on the Gospels in the Encyclopædia Britannica; and what was the the remarkable monograph by Professor Volkmar, Jesus Nazarenus und die erste christliche Zeit (1882). Whether we agree with the conclusions of these writers or not, the method of critical investigation which they adopt is unimpeachable. 8 Notwithstanding the hard words shot at me from behind the hedge of anonymity by of the spanish war a writer in for Police a recent number of the Quarterly Review, I repeat, without the slightest fear of refutation, that the four Gospels, as they have come to us, are the outcome spanish, work of unknown writers.

9 Their arguments, in the long run, are always reducible to one form. Otherwise trustworthy witnesses affirm that such and such events took place. These events are inexplicable, except the agency of spirits is admitted. Therefore spirits were the cause of the phenomena. And the heads of the about No Taxation without, reply are always the same. Remember Goethe's aphorism: Alles factische ist schon Theorie. Trustworthy witnesses are constantly deceived, or deceive themselves, in their interpretation of outcome american war, sensible phenomena.

No one can prove that the sensible phenomena, in these cases, could be caused only by the agency of about No Taxation without Representation, spirits: and there is abundant ground for believing that they may be produced in other ways. Therefore, the utmost that can be reasonably asked for, on the evidence as it stands, is suspension of judgment. And, on the necessity for even that suspension, reasonable men may differ, according to their views of probability. 10 Yet I must somehow have laid hold of the pith of the matter, for, many years afterwards, when Dean Mansel's Bampton Lectures were published, it seemed to me I already knew all that this eminently agnostic thinker had to tell me. 11 Kritik der reinen Vernunft. Edit. Hartenstein, p. 256. 12 Report of the Church Congress, Manchester, 1888, p. 252. 13 Fortnightly Review, Jan. 1889.

Preface and Table of Contents to Volume V, Science and Christian Tradition, of Huxley's Collected Essays.