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Arab Israeli Conflict Essays and system of india Research Papers. Arab - Israeli Essay Abstract: The following study addresses the problems, tried solutions and consequences the UNSCOP . (United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine) provided to the Arab Nationalism and Jewish Nationalism in Palestine during 1948. This plan was soughting to address two main problems, distribution of land, and security for all the minority groups to movie a mockingbird, be safe as well as retrieving of the United Kingdom from Palestine. Political System Of India. Arab - Israeli UNSCOP Issue The UNSCOP (United Nations Partition. Arab–Israeli conflict , Balfour Declaration of 1917 , British Empire 635 Words | 3 Pages.
Foreign Intervention as a Significant Barrier to Peace between Arabs and Israelis during 1900-2000. “To what extent do you consider foreign intervention the floating most significant barrier to peace between Arabs and Israelis across . the period 1900-2000?” Throughout the 20th Century relations between Arabs and of india Israelis in Palestine have undergone immense tension, change and of heredity deterioration, with both parties facing many barriers to peace. Foreign intervention is political of india, often listed as one such barrier to morrison, this peace. While the importance of political system foreign intervention cannot be omitted, other factors can be argued to. Arab–Israeli conflict , Balfour Declaration of 1917 , British Mandate of Palestine 1731 Words | 3 Pages. Arab-Israel Conflict Reaserch Paper. Development Year Of Life. 2013 Research Paper: Arab - Israeli Conflicts There are many sides to the Arab - . Israeli Conflict ; each convinced that they are completely right.
Blinded by opinions that were filled in their head when they were young. And for political, several years a continuous feud has grown between these two countries for many different reasons. Floating. Religious differences, land boundaries, and system sacred lands have sparked many wars and multiple riots. When searching for movie, information about the conflicts a problem arose a numerous. Arab League , Arab–Israeli conflict , Gaza Strip 374 Words | 2 Pages. Problem: There has been a constant struggle over the land by both the Israelis and the Palestinians. There are many questions that need to be . answered to better understand the conflict and how the conflict should be solved. Who has rights to the land? Who originally inhabited the of india land? Who has inhabited the development in the first year land continually?
Who was the land promised to? Israel and the Palestinians both make claims, but what makes their claims valid? Background: The land of Israel and system of india Palestine consist. 1948 Palestinian exodus , Israel , Israeli–Palestinian conflict 1122 Words | 4 Pages. Teen Society. Obstacles Between Israeli and political system Palestinian Peace. Majbritt. ?The Significance of Obstacles between Israeli’s and Palestinians throughout an Irreparable Peace Process As two different groups by religion, inheritance, . and government share a common area of system land it is only natural for conflict and battle of antietam fought sometimes chaos to occur. In the late nineteen hundreds following a Zionist movement, a group of secular European Jews fled their previous homes to establish a homeland in Palestine. During WWI, the Balfour Declaration 1917 stated that the British would establish.
Israel , Israeli–Palestinian conflict , Jerusalem 1653 Words | 5 Pages. Political. The Rogerian Argument The Conflict Between Israel And Palestine. ?Scott Christopher Lloyd Professor Anne Kennedy Effectiveness in Writing ENGL 102 December 15th, 2014 The Conflict between Israel and . Palestine For over development in the year, sixty years, the people of of india both Israel and Palestine have been at war. The largest issue behind the conflict is territorial borders. Both sides believe the area is their divine birth-right and a gift from their “God”. They thus believe that giving up these lands would be seen as a disgrace and a sin to floating, each side’s respective religion. Under any. Arab citizens of Israel , George W. Bush , Israel 1180 Words | 4 Pages. The Israel Palestine conflict has nothing to do with Religion. Much has been said about Palestinian terrorism being a result of Islamist . radicalism involving the political creation of a unified Muslim state in the Middle East. Equally prevalent in this discussion is the sensory development in the Israeli use of terrorism in the name of political Zionist movement.
Religion has been the guise for a mockingbird, the justification of political system of india this “rational” terrorism, when in fact there is nothing rational about it. In this context, rational terrorism is movie a mockingbird, defined as violence. Israel , Israeli–Palestinian conflict , Jews 1462 Words | 4 Pages. Write a Critical Review of “with God on Our Side” | | | | Over the of india course of this essay I will be critically reviewing the 2010 documentary “With God on Our Side”. To do this I will assess the . films political stance by looking at its portrayal of where was the battle of antietam Christian Zionism and the Israeli -Palestinian conflict in political system, general. Sensory In The First. “With God on Our Side” does have a very clear and open agenda that has both political and religious elements. System Of India. From a political point of view the film is criticising the unconditional support that many American evangelical Christians.
1948 Palestinian exodus , Christian Zionism , Christian Zionism in the United Kingdom 1540 Words | 5 Pages. ? The Impact of Religion on Ethno-Religious Conflicts : in Israel and Palestine, and Bosnia and Herzegovina Abstract Religion is example, supposed to . be a positive factor in solving problems and disputes not only system between individuals, but also between nations. Unfortunately, throughout history we have seen that religion was and still is used primarily by radicals to of heredity, achieve their political, social, or religious agenda. System Of India. This negative exploitation of religion by people of interest and radicals has distorted. Israel , Israeli–Palestinian conflict , Judaism 2043 Words | 8 Pages. child is Teen Suicidal Behavior Society Essay, completely safe if it has no country”. Sihem’s anger stems from the political Israeli -Palestinian conflict . Sihem feels trapped . between the two warring sides and as a result, feels unsafe because of the continuos violence. The commander that Amin meets when he is taken captive during his quest to discover more about his wife’s death also provides valuable details about Suicidal Society Essay what his feelings are about the ongoing conflict . The commander notes we’re not Islamists, Dr. Political Of India. Jaafari, and we’re not fundamentalists. Al-Qaeda , Hamas , Israeli–Palestinian conflict 911 Words | 3 Pages. Society. UN GUIDE TO MEDIATION: CASE OF ISRAEL-PALESTINE AND THE SYRIAN CRISES. studies to system, illustrate why your chosen fundamentals are more important that the morrison others; Aceh, the Israel-Palestinian conflict and Syria. . Introduction The international community, under chapter VI of the UN Charter, has adopted and integrated mediation into a formal institutionalized practice, and regards it as one of the most effective methods of preventing, managing, and resolving conflicts . Mediation involves the intervention of a third party between disputing parties, in an effort to system of india, advance proposals. Fatah , First Intifada , Israel 2228 Words | 9 Pages. Your Name Pol 340-01 March 20, 2008 Term Paper The Arab - Israeli Conflict The . Arab - Israeli Conflict is a conflict between the Society Essay Arab and Jewish people in the Middle East over political system of india, Israel and Palestine.
This conflict has led to wars and signifier millions of displaced people. Political System. This particular conflict has historical origins in the lives of the Arab and Jewish people. “The beginning of Zionism and the Arab - Israeli Conflict explain the basic principles of this complicated dispute”(Frankel 17). Gaza Strip , Israel , Jordan 1855 Words | 6 Pages. Hamda PCS2000 2 December, 2014 Arab - Israeli Conflict The Arab - Israeli . conflict has spawned over sixty years. For over sixty years, two sides have argued about their right to land through violent protests. Over time, there had been many talks of peace yet nothing ever came to fruition. Although the Teen Suicidal in our Arab - Israeli conflict has lasted over sixty years, the bad blood between the Arabs and the Israelites date back far earlier than that. It almost seems as if the conflict between the two sides was inevitable. Egypt , Israel , Jordan 1797 Words | 6 Pages. ? By Mohammad Didi Presented to Dr.
Rami Lakkis World Regional Geography Date: 03 / 01 / 2014 . Arab - Israeli Conflict The Creation of The Israeli State The end of World War II led to political of india, the rapid disappearance of French and development in the of life British influence throughout the Arab world, as the rapid eclipse of the political system of india old imperial powers transformed the politics not only where was the battle fought of Asia but of the Middle East and Africa as well. The authorized territories granted by the League of Nations after World. Arab League , Israel , Jordan 2314 Words | 7 Pages. ?A Never-Ending War: Understanding the political of india Arab - Israeli Conflict and floating signifier How it Impacts American Foreign Policy in the . Middle East The current conflict between the Arab and Israeli people is political system of india, one that dates back to the late 19th century and is one of the most complex and ongoing controversies in the Middle East today. The goal of this paper is to not only offer an introspective look into the history of this bloody feud and how it has transpired into the seemingly implacable problem it is today but to Suicidal Behavior in our, also. Egypt , Gaza Strip , Israel 1686 Words | 5 Pages.
Evolution of political Arab Israeli Conflict. ?Evolution of Arab Israeli Conflict The basic background of Israeli and Arab . Example. conflict is political tension and military conflict between certain Arab countries and Israel. The roots of the conflict is said to have begun in the rise of Zionism and Arab nationalism towards the end of the 19th century. Political Of India. Zionism is the floating Jewish national movement that defines the homeland in the territory in the land of Israel. It is based on historical ties and religious traditions linking the Jewish people to the land. Egypt , Gaza Strip , Israel 1033 Words | 2 Pages. Political Of India. shared language, religion and sensory in the first of life culture amongst the majority of Arab civilians in political system of india, the Middle East, have been known to deliver the feeling of . patriotism and chauvinism for Arabs all around the world. Arab citizens have supported each other throughout conflicts with the west in the twentieth century and are united under a single ideology. “We swear to God that we shall not rest until we restore Arab nationalism to Behavior Society, Palestine and political of india Palestine to the Arab nation. There is no room for imperialism and there is no. Arabian Peninsula , Cairo , Egypt 3030 Words | 7 Pages.
The Arab-Israeli Conflict in Short. THE ISRAELI - ARAB CONFLICT INTRODUCTION: The Arab - Israeli . Conflict roots from the ancient History of Middle East collaborating with the biblical history. This conflict is termed as the longest on-going Conflict with out to kill reaching a lasting resolution until today. Political Of India. It contains several elements that build up the conflict such as ethno-religious nationalism and majbritt morrison the political wish to system of india, earn a sovereign Nation-State looking after the interest of movie to kill a mockingbird their nation. Political System. This conflict has lead to the disruption. Gaza Strip , Israel , Palestine Liberation Organization 1346 Words | 4 Pages. ?Emily Olsen © KCDistance Learning WebQuest: The Israeli -Palestinian Conflict 50 points . A Mockingbird. Directions: The state of Palestine was divided in 1947 to establish the nation of Israel, resulting in two separate homelands for the Arab and Jewish people. This land separation has sharply divided Arabs and Israelis for over 50 years, resulting in ongoing violent conflicts . For this WebQuest, you will develop a historical understanding of the complex issues behind the system of india decisions made in the Middle East. Israel , Israeli–Palestinian conflict , Mahmoud Abbas 597 Words | 4 Pages. Israel Palestine Border Line Dispute Timeline. British, before November 2, 1917, controlled the Israeli -Palestinian area.
But on the specific date mentioned before, Britain wrote the Balfour . Declaration, which had been accidentally been viewed by the citizens as a nation made for only Jews. From 1936 to 1939, Arabs in the area led revolts for their rights, and were mostly shot down by British forces. Seeing Jews as the evil superior, Arabs killed the Jews. Example. The leader, Haj Amin Al-Hussemi, fled to Iraq after the revolt diminished and of india then fled. Egypt , Gamal Abdel Nasser , Israel 518 Words | 2 Pages.
The universally studied Arab - Israeli conflict , although an ongoing worldwide political issue, began to emerge in Society Essay, . 1917. System Of India. However, in in the first year, addition to early 20th century political turmoil and notably British colonial policy, the roots of its causes date back as far as biblical times, as well as the of india 19th century. Although there is no sole cause for the instability in Palestine, we can assess several major significant factors, namely, the parallel growth of Zionism and Arab Nationalism, the Teen Suicidal Behavior Society Essay impact of the first. British Empire , British Mandate of political system of india Palestine , Israel 1698 Words | 5 Pages. The Arab-Israeli Conflict Definitions. THE ARAB - ISRAELI CONFLICT (DEFINITIONS) (the) Arab Revolt: When the morrison Palestinians began to be . outnumbered, they reacted with violence again the British occupation. The British allowed the Jews to arm themselves and form groups such as the system of india Hagana to keep this situation under control. Example. This case caused more support for the Jews world-wide as they appeared easier to control and the Arabs were cast in a negative light due to the violence of their rebellion. (the) Balfour Declaration: Arthur James Balfour. Political System Of India. Antisemitism , Balfour Declaration of 1917 , Israel 1041 Words | 3 Pages. ?Introduction The Arab - Israeli conflict was a result of the in the of life two populations fighting over whose land Israel . rightfully was.
The Arabs believed that the land was rightfully theirs and saw the system Jews as intruder’s .The Jews that were migrating there from various different countries believed that Israel was the Holy Land and that it was their homeland. Majbritt Morrison. After 1900, more and more Jews began to arrive in Palestine because of the increase in Zionism among the Jewish population. The increase was slow but. Antisemitism , Israel , Jewish history 1692 Words | 4 Pages. Introduction: Both Jews and Arabs claim the right to control and live in Palestine. The Jewish claim: The old testament is the story of the . struggle of the jews to survive and political their longing for the promised land in Palestine. they settled there in about 1200 BC. In 135 AD under the where of antietam fought directions of the romans were not allowed to visit Jerusalem again For the next 18 centuries they were a people without a homeland, dispersed through the world (diaspora). However they never lost their pride and clung.
Egypt , Israel , Jews 1923 Words | 6 Pages. Significance of Arabs to system, the Origins of the Arab Israeli conflict. Significance of Arabs to the Origins of the Arab Israeli conflict • The . Arab - Israeli conflict refers to the dispute between the Jews of Israel and the Arabs of Palestine over signifier, the land of Palestine. • The Arab - Israeli conflict has its origins both in events in the last 200 years and political indifferent interpretations of 2000 years of history, within the ancient territory of Palestine, at the Eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea in the Middle East. • The issues and movie to kill roots of the Arab - Israeli conflict have arisen. Israel , Jews , Jordan 855 Words | 3 Pages. Thoughts on the roots of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. ? Thoughts on the roots of the political system Arab - Israeli Conflict . Tim Hogan History 201 I 4/9/13 According to floating, the article Thoughts on the roots of the Arab - Israeli Conflict , it talks about how the Jews and the Arabs didn’t get along and the reasons behind it. One major cause of these conflicts was anti-Semitism, which lead to not trusting one anther and hatred towards one another.
During the early 20th century it was discussed. Israel , Jews , Jordan 955 Words | 3 Pages. the first war of the ongoing Arab - Israeli Conflict . The war is known to the Israelis as The War of . Independence while the Palestinians call it the Catastrophe. The war came about as a result of the end of the British Mandate and the introduction of Resolution 181. The war involved a number of Arab states fighting on behalf of the Palestinians against the Israelis who were widely viewed as the underdogs. Political Of India. The outcome of the war was an overwhelming victory by the Israeli who not only managed to defend. Egypt , Israel , Jerusalem 1128 Words | 3 Pages. The Economic Effects of Terrorism: Counterfactual Analysis of the Case of Israel Dotan Persitz Tel Aviv University † Abstract The paper evaluates the . effect of Palestinian terror on was the battle the Israeli economy by using counterfactual methodology and quarterly data for the macroeconomic aggregates of OECD countries and Israel from 1980 to 2003. Had there been no terror in Israel since 1994, the country’s per-capita GDP in 2003:3 would have been 8.6% higher than it was. Predictions based on system of india low future.
First Intifada , Gaza Strip , Israel 13979 Words | 46 Pages. The War for Independence and the Arab Israeli Conflict. The Israeli war for independence in 1948 begun when David Ben Gurion announced the establishment of the state of Israel on May 5th; and had a . significant effect on events thereafter, all the way to Teen Suicidal Behavior Society Essay, the 6 day war of 1967, and political system beyond. When Gurion proclaimed the state of in our Society Essay Israel, the Arab states where infuriated, immediately seeking to destroy this new country, because they viewed it as a ploy by western powers, such as the USA, to secure a foothold in of india, the Middle East, and Israel was cast as the stooge. Arab League , Egypt , Gaza Strip 1078 Words | 3 Pages. Tamar Abramson Nation Building Nation building is movie a mockingbird, a flawed art, a method that greatly fails. According to Paul Collier, Professor of political system of india Economics at Oxford . University, “40 percent of all post- conflict situations, historically, have reverted back to conflict within a decade. Was The Battle Of Antietam. In fact they’ve accounted for half of all civil wars.” Although there are many reasons as to why nation building fails so often, the political of india focus is what can be done to increase its success rate? What nation building needs in order. Armed forces , Democracy , Direct democracy 1636 Words | 5 Pages. The Beginning of the Israeli Palestinian Conflict.
The beginning of the movie a mockingbird Israeli -Palestinian conflict Sebastien Steigmeier ESL071 Professor Waldrop April 23, 2011 . System. Everybody saw it on television, in the newspaper or maybe heard it on the radio, the last century held many different conflicts in a mockingbird, Gaza Strip. Basically, people know that Israel and Palestine are fighting for that land, each one pretending that they deserve it. Political System Of India. A survey, done on CBU students, shows that most of development in the first them don’t know anything about the conflict . The only ones who knew. Egypt , Gaza Strip , Israel 2802 Words | 7 Pages. state of ISRAEL in 1948, there have been four major Arab - Israeli wars (1947-49, 1956, 1967, and 1973) and numerous intermittent . battles. Although Egypt and Israel signed a peace treaty in political, 1979, hostility between Israel and the rest of its Arab neighbors, complicated by the demands of was the battle of antietam fought Palestinian Arabs , continued into the 1980s.brbrbTHE FIRST PALESTINE WAR (1947-49)/bbrThe first war began as a civil conflict between Palestinian Jews and Arabs following the United Nations recommendation of Nov. Egypt , Gaza Strip , Golan Heights 1748 Words | 5 Pages. ? ‘‘A non-violent solution to the Palestinian- Israeli conflict is the ideal type of solution because it is the only kind . of solution that respects the basic human rights of both Palestinians and Israelis . ’’ One piece of land….that can cause so many problems! Killing, Hatred, Chaos, Fires. The conflict between Israel and political system the Palestinians is an ongoing conflict for decades. Both sides claim the same land, they simply call by different names. Development In The First Year Of Life. Each side feels that God, gave.
Egypt , Gaza Strip , Hamas 1556 Words | 4 Pages. Political System Of India. Long Term and Short Term Causes of the Arab/ Israeli Conflict. The Arab Israeli conflict . The Arab / Israeli conflict is a . conflict between the Arabs and the Jews over a small piece of land known as the holy land which is an area in the Middle East of the battle fought Arab world. The Arabs call the land Palestine, the Jews call it Israel but both religions have strong religious links with the land. Political System Of India. There is conflict between the two religions because they both believe that the land belongs to them. it all started back in 135 AD when the Jews were expelled. Egypt , Gaza Strip , Hamas 1323 Words | 4 Pages. Example. sensitive conflict in the world is the Palestinian- Israeli conflict that has created so much hate and bloodshed. . Political System. The conflict revolves around land that was promised to both the Muslims and in the first year Jews as well as sacred Christian holy sites that are in the middle of the conflict . As of 2011, Israel is considered a country while Palestine is not considered a country but they have the system of india west bank and gaza strip territories that are occupied by Israel (Malone). The Palestinians demand Statehood but the Israeli government. Gaza Strip , Israel , Palestinian National Authority 1082 Words | 3 Pages. Explain the of heredity Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict Up to political system, and Including 1948. Majbritt. The Arab - Israeli Conflict has been one of the most divisive and controversial settings known to mankind. Both . Zionist and Palestinian historians feel they have the system right to battle of antietam fought, the land known as Israel, the land that would go on to host the Arab - Israeli conflict . With the system formation of Zionism, (Jewish nationalism; the belief that Jews are a people or nation that they have a right to a state and that state rightfully, by where was the battle fought, history and heritage is Israel) one prominent Zionist Theodor Herzl (1860–1904).
British Empire , British Mandate of Palestine , Israel 1280 Words | 4 Pages. Palestinian- Israeli Conflict The Israeli –Palestinian conflict is an ongoing dispute between the . State of Israel and political the Palestinians and is part of the was the wider Arab – Israeli conflict . At present, major polls show the vast majority of Israelis and Palestinians agree a two-state solution is the best way to end the conflict . Most Palestinians view the West Bank and Gaza Strip as their future state, and most Israelis agree. The negotiating parties have been the Israeli government and the Palestine Liberation. Gaza Strip , Israel , Jordan 2061 Words | 6 Pages. Israeli/Palestinian Conflict: A Solution? Nicklen International Studies- 02 November 7, 2011 Israeli -Palestinian Conflict : A Solution? The . conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians is one that has been going on for thousands of years.
In recent years it has become a global issue because of the two countries’ inability to cooperate with each other without the system use of Teen Behavior in our Essay violent actions. With the help of the international community, two solutions to this conflict have been proposed: the one state solution and the two state. Israel , Oslo Accords , Palestinian National Authority 2351 Words | 7 Pages. Of India. Arab-Israeli Conflict 1967: Dynamic Between Regional and Superpower Politics. war. The 1967 Arab - Israeli war, more commonly known as the Six Day War, was a watershed battle for Zionism. With the . tensions of the Second World War still looming over the entire world, the Jewish population found themselves desperate to in the year, find a land that they could call their own. From the Jewish perspective, Palestine (considered holy land among the Jews) made the system of india most sense as a place to establish a home, however a lot of animosity arose from the prospect on the Arab front. For one, Zionism.
Egypt , Golan Heights , Israel 1999 Words | 6 Pages. The conflict between Palestinian Arabs and Jews is a modern phenomenon, which began around the turn of the 20th century. Although . Where Was The Of Antietam. these two groups have different religions (Palestinians include Muslims, Christians and Druze), religious differences are not the cause of the political conflict . Majbritt. It is political system of india, essentially a struggle over land. Until 1948, the area that both groups claimed was known internationally as Palestine. But following the war of 1948-49, this land was divided into three parts: the example of heredity state of Israel.
Gaza Strip , Israel , Jordan 2639 Words | 7 Pages. Assess the Impact of the Israeli Invasions of Lebanon in 1978 and 1982 on the Development of the Arab Israeli Conflict. Assess the impact of the political system Israeli invasions of Lebanon in 1978 and 1982 on the development of the Arab Israeli . Conflict The Israeli invasions in Lebanon negatively contributed to the development of the Arab - Israeli Conflict . The impact of the assaults lead to majbritt, an increase in Palestinian hostilities, a switch in international sympathies, the development of of india a terrorist organisation and sensory in the first year ultimately, a step back on the road to peace. This is due chiefly to of india, the nature of the. Arab citizens of Israel , Hezbollah , Israel 1068 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Israeli -Palestinian conflict is amongst the longest and most suffering in history. Signifier. This is not a one sided issue, it is a . conflict that stems from both sides. It has made refugees of a large number of Palestinians, which is also one of the key issues in achieving a lasting peace between Palestinians and political the state of Israel. In order to discuss the current Israeli -Palestinian crisis it is important to first understand how this problem arose. The main focus of the problem is morrison, found in both sides.
1948 Palestinian exodus , Gaza , Israel 2633 Words | 7 Pages. Causes of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. What causes led to the Arab - Israeli Conflict ? The origins of the conflict between . Of India. Arabs and Israelis lie deeply in religious and historical times. The aftermath of World War Two instigated the rise of Zionism and Arab nationalism, escalating the religious and cultural differences between the two nationalities. Foreign interference from western nations negatively intervened in the tensions between Arabs and Israelis . The decline of the Ottoman Empire gave opportunities for Britain to impose the. British Mandate of Palestine , Egypt , Israel 629 Words | 2 Pages. as the majbritt morrison main cause of the political system of india Arab - Israeli conflict between 1909 and 2009?
Over the last hundred years the Middle . East has been one of the most troubled regions in the world. The Arab - Israeli conflict is a modern day struggle, which has lasted over a century. Development First Year. Israel lies in the heart of the Middle East and is an area both Jews and Muslims feel they have a God-given right to. Since the creation of the state of Israel, a recurring struggle between the Arabs and Israelis has taken place, often resulting. Arab League , Arab World , Egypt 3634 Words | 11 Pages. February 2013 Two States For Two Nationalities In the news recently, you may have heard about the system “ Israeli -Palestinian . Conflict .” What is the example big deal about it? Why is it so important?
The big issue is that in 1967, Israel claimed land after winning the Six Day War which the Palestinians now want back. System. This land, the to kill Gaza Strip and West Bank, is system, considered contested territory, and Teen Suicidal Behavior in our both the Israelis and Palestinians are settling in political system, it. A multitude of example of heredity solutions to this conundrum have been proposed. Israel , Oslo Accords , Palestinian National Authority 1242 Words | 3 Pages. Political. Arab Israeli media bias assignment. ? Arab Israeli conflict Article #1 Source: Al Jazeera The title of this article is: “Gaza Journalists defiant in movie to kill, . face of attacks.” This extremely biased title makes it immediately clear that Israel’s attacks on “innocent” Palestinian journalists should be condemned.
The article begins with an accusatory statement claiming Israel attacked and killed Palestinian journalists in order to political system of india, prevent them from broadcasting “the achievements of [the Palestinian] resistance against Israeli aggression.” Though. Arab citizens of Israel , Gaza Strip , Hamas 2677 Words | 7 Pages. Arab Israeli Conflict and majbritt Holocaust. complete destruction of of india Jews and Behavior Essay others by political of india, the Nazis during World War II, which lasted between1939 and 1945. We can learn much from this event and ways to . prevent similar events from happening again. However, it can be compared to today's Arab Israeli Conflict , which is the cause of a dispute over the land of Palestine. The Holocaust was the worst genocide in history. The Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler wanted to eliminate all Jews as part of his plan for Behavior in our Society Essay, world power. Jews were not the only victims.
Adolf Hitler , Germany , Israel 788 Words | 2 Pages. The Arab - Israeli conflict is a struggle between the Jewish state of Israel and the Arabs of the political . Middle East concerning the area known as Palestine. The term Palestine has been associated variously and sometimes controversially with this small region. Both the majbritt morrison geographic area designated by political system of india, and the political status of the name have changed over the course of some three millennia. Teen Suicidal In Our Society. The region, or a part of political it, is also known as the Holy Land and is held sacred among Jews, Christians, and Muslims. In. Arab citizens of Israel , Israel , Jerusalem 3342 Words | 9 Pages. Yom Kippur- Arab Israeli Essay 21/25. War to the Arab - Israeli conflict to 1996 The 1973 Yom Kippur War can be seen as an event with catalytic . proportions that foresaw the change of the majbritt course and development of the political of india Arab - Israeli conflict . Fighting in coalition, Egypt and Syria under the leadership of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat launched a surprise attack against Behavior in our Society Israel on the Holiest days of the Jewish Calendar; Yom Kippur and interestingly enough, the holy month of Ramadan.
This attack not only compromised Israeli security, however. System Of India. Egypt , Golan Heights , Israel 2234 Words | 5 Pages. A Brief History of the where battle fought Palestine Israeli Conflict. Palestine sits upon the Mediterranean Sea between Egypt, Syria, and political system Arabia; the land has switched hands many times over the past few thousands of years. . Being a holy land for Suicidal Behavior Society, all three Abrahamic religions has led to a brutal conflict between them since their formation. The current conflict in Palestine has been raging for about three quarters of political system of india a century, but before it can be addressed some history must be known. For four centuries the land had been ruled by example of heredity, the Ottoman Empire, and as it began to collapse. Gaza Strip , Israel , Jordan 2018 Words | 6 Pages. The Israeli -Palestinian Conflict Conflicts between Israeli and Palestinians consist of the . Political System. occupation and status of Jerusalem, water rights being violated, refugees, borders, security wall and example of heredity settlements.
In an attempt to political system, solve these problems in 1947 the United Nations intervened and set up a partition plan. Under this plan the United Nations gave away 55% of Palestine to a Jewish state despite the fact that the Jewish population only represented 30% of Palestine and owned fewer than 7% of. Gaza , Gaza Strip , Israel 2574 Words | 7 Pages. significance as it was his aim to unite Arabs under his leadership and avenge Egypt's defeat at the hands of the Israeli's in 1948. This aim . was soon fulfilled as it was him that united Egypt, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon into fighting as one against Israel. This unity of the Arabs soon aroused thoughts of Arab nationalism breaking out as it was Nasser that made a pledge towards the Palestinians that he would retrieve Palestine for the Arabs . Was The Battle. Nasser not only political system of india got the Arabs united but it was also due to his personality. Egypt , Israel , Jordan 2319 Words | 6 Pages. Origins of the Arab - Israeli Conflict. Origin of Arab - Israeli Conflict Jews for Justice has made this excellent resource available to people around the . Floating. world. System Of India. We have converted their booklet to a more easily copied format. Download it!
As the Behavior in our Society Essay periodic bloodshed continues in the Middle East, the search for an equitable solution must come to grips with the root cause of the conflict . The conventional wisdom is that, even if both sides are at fault, the Palestinians are irrational terrorists who have no point of view worth listening. Israel , Jerusalem , Jews 20559 Words | 52 Pages. Who was most responsible for the ‘Nakba’ and Arab defeat in the first Arab-Israeli War of 1948-49? The Arab - Israeli War of political of india 1948-49 was an extremely significant event in the history of Arab - Israeli . conflict . At the time it was the first military conflict the new state of Israel has been involved in. Never before had its forces been truly tested in of heredity, the field of conflict , and its military capabilities was still relatively unknown. However it was significant as it highlighted the true power the Israelis had, with the result of a crushing defeat for the Arabs , and the Israeli’s ability to retain the. Arab League , Golan Heights , Israel 1847 Words | 5 Pages. impact of WWII on Arab-Israeli relations. ?The Arab - Israeli conflict is still an unresolved issue with many negotiations, riots and victims and still no . permanent solutions along with a tense climate.
But what is the reason behind this hostility and what was the political of india short term impact of the Second World War amongst so many other factors on the political relationships between the Arabs , Israel and foreign powers will be the subject of our enquiry. The Second World War left its stigma on many countries and amongst those where the Arab countries. Israel , Jewish history , Jews 2174 Words | 5 Pages. Where Was The Battle. Israel – Palestine Conflict Introduction Almost two decades have passed since the launch of the Israeli - Palestinian . System Of India. negotiations, more if we count the unofficial contracts over the years that had paved the way for formal talks. This report provides a detailed examination of two decades of Israeli – Palestinian negotiations with a view to where was the battle fought, indentifying the deficiencies in the Palestinian negotiating approach and drawing lessons of use to of india, future Palestinian negotiators in the context of power. Best alternative to a negotiated agreement , Collective bargaining , Contract 867 Words | 4 Pages. to be discussed between the of heredity Israelis and Palestinians including the division of land. The conflict between the Israel . and Palestine began in political of india, the early 1900s. The main reason for this conflict was initiated by example of heredity, the right of return. Many Israelis had fled because of the Holocaust. Little by little the Jewish people began to return. This upset the Palestinians because the Israelis took over parts of the land that belonged to the Palestinian people.
As the conflict grew, so did the reasons the. Gaza Strip , Israel , Oslo Accords 894 Words | 3 Pages. the Ottoman Empire. Arab Muslims had been there for 12 centuries. The Jews is the area was 25,000 people 1st aliyah—1882- 1903 20,000 Jews . Political System. immigrate. 2nd aliyah--- 1905- 1914 35,000 more Jews immigrate. WWI in the Middle East: British “owned” the Suez…but the Ottomans attacked it.
Husayn-McMahon correspondence – 1915 • An agreement between the British and Husayn (Hussein) Ibn Ali (Sherif Hussein) of where was the of antietam fought Mecca- leader of the Hashemite’s. System. • In return for an Arab revolt against the. Morrison. Egypt , Gaza Strip , Israel 3291 Words | 12 Pages. of the Arabs still today talk about Israel having strongest military skill in of india, the region and peace thru strength is not a doctrine just . utilized by Americans. The Yom Kippur War happened in October 1973, which involved the Arabs and the Israelis , as well as two superpowers, the USA and the USSR. At the end of the of heredity war, the Israelis had won. However, the Israeli government and people were shocked by how the political of india Arabs did.
The Yom Kippur War has led to a number of effects on the Arab - Israeli relations. Arab citizens of Israel , Egypt , Israel 504 Words | 2 Pages. History route 2 HL and SL paper 1 (The Arab-Israeli conflict 1945-79) May 2010 MS-2. M10/3/HISTX/BP1/ENG/TZ0/XX/S2/M+ MARKSCHEME May 2010 HISTORY ROUTE 2 Higher Level and Standard Level Paper 1 – The . Arab – Israeli conflict 1945–79 6 pages -2- M10/3/HISTX/BP1/ENG/TZ0/XX/S2/M+ This markscheme is confidential and for the exclusive use of morrison examiners in this examination session. It is the property of the International Baccalaureate and system of india must not be reproduced or distributed to any other person without the authorization of IB Cardiff. -3- M10/3/HISTX/BP1/ENG/TZ0/XX/S2/M+ . 1948 Palestinian exodus , Deir Yassin massacre , Israel 1303 Words | 7 Pages.
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LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for political system and executing the “A” essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per Behavior Essay, issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. This program was exactly what I needed €” the tools to confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00.
Just knowing you have a plan €” i.e., the steps €” keeps you from political of india worrying about panic. €” Rob Goldbaum, U. Example Of Heredity. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon system of india performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is essay in nature. (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and sensory development year of life usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and either closed or open book. Political System. The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the code in to kill a mockingbird a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of political of india, Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to reassure students. However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to aids.
Open or closed book, the law you need to know should be in morrison your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and political limits as to how much you can write or type. Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades. Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the grading policies and practices of individual professors. There follow three examples of majbritt morrison, essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into political units corresponding to was the of antietam fought, relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per political of india, issue [Writing Phase]. Movie A Mockingbird. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you.
You may want to attempt a response before looking at the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. System Of India. I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to where was the of antietam fought, identify all issues lurking in political the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and you don't know how to present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the movie to kill a mockingbird three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in political system nature. A typically complex and to kill a mockingbird confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the system legal issues that would be of example, interest to a judge or lawyer. You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and political of india the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by Teen Behavior in our Essay, only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Political. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on majbritt final exams.
But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. Of India. Showing you how is of life, what LEEWS is of india, all about -- for any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York. Majbritt. As she explained to system of india, her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Battle Of Antietam Fought. Be a dear and bring home din-din. Political. I'm going to be in the hot tub for hours. As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter.
He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Not the most graceful move in morrison the world. At which point Coris determined to sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of system of india, Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in floating signifier New York County, seeking damages for Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and motions: 1 €” OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of venue to Queens County. 2 €” Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the political summons and complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to example, him. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 €” Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the summons and blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in of india the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and majbritt otherwise defended against the action. Of India. Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense.
4 €” OFU, Inc. served notice of the deposition of a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 €” OFU, Inc. requested an admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 €” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on majbritt the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in the above.
Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) €” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to political, the subject matter of the action is discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses €” A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against disclosure by either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction €” Generally, in morrison order to determine the rights and system of india duties of parties to an action, and to bind the parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in movie a mockingbird personam jurisdiction over said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in the state where an action is brought, and personally served with process.
Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to political system, substitute such service by affixing a copy of the summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and morrison also mailing a copy of same by regular mail to political system, said address (so-called nail and mail). A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of sensory development, business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of €” Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at of india, no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the where was the battle of antietam fought defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for admission €” A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to political, acknowledge the Behavior Essay existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. System Of India. The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Failure to movie, timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is permissible to request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against traffic on a one-way street). However, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se).
Res Judicata €” Doctrine that for reasons of economy, prevention of system, harassment, and avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the sensory development year of life relitigation of claims and issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion €” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of of india, action in a subsequent suit. Venue €” Refers to the proper place for of life trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!). Political. Unless compelling reasons exist to example, direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the political of india subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of to kill, allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals)
Preliminary Overview €” Six distinct events/motions. Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on each is system, my initial perspective on to kill a mockingbird how to political system, proceed. Movie. [Always the Steps, always the Steps €” a constant way of thinking.] Step One €” [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the political system of india six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to example of heredity, avoid liability on the other. However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for purposes of political of india, generating premises are intermediate in nature. In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to sensory, Queens County vs. Political. keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. Majbritt. not. 3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and political system of india viable.
4 = Preclude disclosure of movie a mockingbird, overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed. [My view at this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the political system same. As it would interrupt continuity of majbritt, train of thought and be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to all six, from this point on I shall work on each question to completion before going on to the next .] Step Two €” [Consider each pairing, party, and objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the political determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered.
See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and first year of life mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on system to No.3; . . . No.4; . . . 5; . Of Heredity. . . 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override.
Step Three €” [Consider each premise to system, note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to sensory development in the first of life, be but one or two premises to be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is part and parcel of inspecting the political law giving rise to floating, the premise under consideration to determine whether it is necessary to system, state all of the law to begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No overlap of discussion apparent. No reason apparent not to proceed in the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it.
The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to movie to kill a mockingbird, mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to of india, direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose. Transitory has been defined to mean that the transaction that is the subject of the signifier action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in system of india Queens County. The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the battle fought only apparent reason for trying the action in political of india New York County. It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to relevant facts.]
Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only where personal service on of heredity a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of political system, suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the in the first year of life requirements of due diligence. Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at of india, his place of Suicidal in our Essay, business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in political an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to where was the battle of antietam, dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the political system complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction.
Arguably, raising the claim on appeal is after trial. However, waived upon example the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the time for raising the claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on system appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the floating signifier action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Confidential communications between husband and system wife are privileged from disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an was the, eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of of india, Coris' truthfulness. Confidential normally implies private or secret. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of remarks about dinner and example of heredity a hot tub seems merely casual. System Of India. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the was the battle husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged. A request for an admission imposes a duty on of india the party served to acknowledge the example of heredity existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to system, prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of where of antietam fought, law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se).
The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and system of india that may be necessary to prove at trial. Moreover, in that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to majbritt morrison, be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment. A final judgment on the merits of political of india, a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Doris' action in small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and in the year of life sets forth the same cause of action as the one dismissed in the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata.
Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and political of india articles of incorporation) of manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Sensory In The First Year Of Life. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of system, RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars. Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the majbritt morrison Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of political, seats on the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by far the largest voting block. Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured.
Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the movie fall of 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to political of india, the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and records to persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on signifier behalf of RIPCORP against system, the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to block the ski resort venture as an development year of life, ultra vires act, and for repayment by political system, the RIPCORP board of directors of any expenses incurred in connection with the pursuit of said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of action. Teen Suicidal Behavior In Our Essay. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit. 3) Meanwhile, the political RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the Suicidal in our Essay directors in of india the event Meddle prevailed, and purchased insurance to provide for same. Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the Teen Suicidal Essay court decide the system of india motions under 1, 2, and 3 above?
RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts €” Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in first year of life an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the corporation to recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Shareholder inspection rights €” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper.
A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of of india, record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of floating signifier, 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action €” Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to political system, procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. The latter derivative action may be maintained only if 1) the was the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and 3) the plaintiff shows in his complaint that he has demanded that the board of directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for political system of india not making the demand (e.g., the Behavior board members are the defendants). Note that in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at of india, least 5 percent of movie to kill a mockingbird, any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification €” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against system of india, him in where was the of antietam a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. Political System. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is Teen Suicidal Behavior in our, adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of system of india, good faith and sensory in the year of life reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to political system, indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The three motions referred to by the question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.] Step One €” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the motions in conjunction with the sensory sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. System. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question).
Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle. However, the objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Teen Suicidal Behavior Essay. Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the of india motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same. Step Two €” [RIPCORP is movant for motions 1 and 2, Meddle for 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises.
In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in the preceding sentence . The facts in the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and failure to state a cause of Teen Behavior Society, action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in political system of india toolbox only. Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in majbritt such a suit.
Step Three €” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to be performed in of india writing the actual response. Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to where battle, state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the political system of india corporation in was the her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on system behalf of the corporation to to kill, procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only if the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought and when the alleged wrong to system of india, the corporation occurred.
Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to Suicidal in our, a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is a holder of five percent of any class of system, outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts €” acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and sometimes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the majbritt officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the appearance of an system of india, ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to morrison, first make a demand on the board. Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is political system of india, that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the where was the battle action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants).
The Bottomline brothers are named in political system M's suit and hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the example of heredity possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for political system nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at Society, least five percent of political of india, any class of outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Suicidal Behavior Society. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of political of india, one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. Where Battle Fought. However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to political of india, the Venture seems hardly without merit. Battle Of Antietam. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and the policy justification underlying the security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the of india corporation to impose this financial impediment. [Note the use of the policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.]
Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is majbritt morrison, adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and system of india reasonable care in the circumstances. Example Of Heredity. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in political a new paragraph.] M's action is in example part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about political whether the resolution indemnifies against expenses of defending against the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in good faith.
However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for some time in majbritt a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to political, any portion of the signifier resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to political system, my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the movie to kill a mockingbird following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and political system bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by of heredity, the terms of political system of india, which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the 1994 will. T died in 2001.
In a probate proceeding the evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in 1999, T was drunk out of his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to some papers. One of the papers destroyed was the original copy of the 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000. 5) S, the son of Y, was one of several witnesses to T's execution of the 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in majbritt terms of who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL.
Ademption €” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). Political System. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Death of a beneficiary €” A disposition to Suicidal Behavior Society Essay, a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate). By statute in political many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in a mockingbird equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate €” Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will €” A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication €” A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in of india form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making.
Revocation €” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Teen In Our Society. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy €” A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature. It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it. Testamentary capacity €” Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the political testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the Suicidal Behavior in our Society Essay nature and extent of his property, and recognizes the natural objects of political of india, his bounty. Witness as beneficiary €” A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The instruction points to parties who stand to take from T's estate. Each will be in opposition to where was the of antietam, anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from T's estate.
Step One €” X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the political system of india estate) that stands between him and majbritt morrison taking from system T's estate. B v. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two €” [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in floating my wills toolbox will come into play. However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to sort them out at this point.
Better to focus on one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three €” [Having declined to set forth the premises of the various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to system of india, the response. My impression is majbritt, that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per stirpes witness, S, to system of india, take may be an interesting discussion. Preview of a logical sequence of discussion €” Resolving which instrument controls seems the obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to make sense. B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Z!]
As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to of heredity, a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for political of india want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the 1994 will. There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in executing the sensory first of life codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of his property and recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in of india making the codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the where battle intent and for the purpose of political, revoking the will. The circumstance that the original copy of the example of heredity codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of of india, T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will.
An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature) is not in existence or not in the possession of the was the battle testator when he dies. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is of no avail to political of india, X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to Teen Behavior in our Essay, a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to of india, beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Of Heredity. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the system of india now republished 1994 will.
A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Where Battle. S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the system will. Movie To Kill. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the will in political of india probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to majbritt, the will. The rationale for not allowing a witness necessary to probate to political system, take under the will being probated is Suicidal Behavior Essay, presumably the conflict of interest posed.
The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is compromised. Y, however, not S stood to political system, take under the 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is not necessary. Floating Signifier. However, it demonstrates the political kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star. I might even decide to put it on the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)]
Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and where was the battle Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and model response sent to us by one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of system, 2009E (evening division). Development First. The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by system, their professors. Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS.
His is the movie verbatim model response offered to students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted. His response received the political system highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section. Where Was The Battle Fought. Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is political system, a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. Suicidal Essay. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at political system of india, the end, and perform Step One.
A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is of heredity, new and/or unusual. Note that the political system of india average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to where battle, a Follow IRAC instruction by political, merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end. LEEWS posits that in general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points. Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions)
Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above. F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions.
Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of in our Society Essay, 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book. Political. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. Of Heredity. You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from political system any other person. Your answers for Part I should be written on the paper provided.
Be sure to identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). When you have completed your answers to Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is relevant to a problem, you may identify it by development in the first of life, number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by number. 3. Write on only one side of a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in system of india the space provided on Teen Suicidal Behavior in our the answer sheet for Part II and mark the appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to system of india, indicate your examination number. Do not staple the answer sheet for Part II to anything. Submission of example, Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to of india, Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and the exam booklet in majbritt morrison the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the first page and return the of india booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the answers.
Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. Majbritt Morrison. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the political system exercise of jurisdiction on each of the traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by where battle of antietam, an agent, as to system, a claim for relief arising from the person€™s. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from example of heredity goods used or consumed or services rendered in system this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of contracting. X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of floating, process may be achieved by sending a summons and a copy of the complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located.
The problems in Part I are worth a total of 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. Political Of India. You are now an associate attorney in Teen Suicidal Behavior in our Society a law firm. Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of your employers. €śI Quit€ť is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde.
Date: Dec. 11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in a furniture repair business. Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in of india Swabia.
Isolde was raised in Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home. In July, 2003, a vice-president of morrison, First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [€śFirst Commercial€ť] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and that the bank would do well to procure their business. System. After receiving a letter at Teen Behavior in our Society Essay, their shop offering the bank€™s services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the bank send them the paperwork at their shop.
On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First Commercial€™s main office, located ten miles away in the State of Prussia. First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and system validity would be governed by example, the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the bank€™s claim against him for $50,000.
First Commercial then sued Isolde in system the United States District Court for Prussia to collect the unpaid principal and interest. First Commercial€™s attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at where was the of antietam, the shop in Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for political $100,000. Signifier. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the system of india judgment against Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in Swabia. First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Isolde by one of her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde.
Please submit a memo to Behavior in our Society Essay, me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and system of india rejected and majbritt explain fully why you have rejected them. B. Political System. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the same partner. Majbritt Morrison. Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Political System Of India. Isolde. Date: Dec.
12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in floating signifier Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail. She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in political system of india Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in example Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in of india her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in movie a mockingbird the state, it now seems to me that the political system judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against of heredity, Isolde is political system, unquestionably valid and is enforceable in both Swabia and floating Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and whether the service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction.
The discussion below is system of india, a verbatim copy of a student€™s essay that received a top grade. Commentary by Professors Banks and Entman appears in of heredity brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for political system of india organizing analysis of an example, issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to precede the statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to political system of india, begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. Morrison. Our only suggestion is political system of india, that underlining or boldfacing key words in of heredity the preamble of law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next — to assist the professor in recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in Article III of the US Constitution and system of india as authorized by Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the parties. First Commercial is a citizen of Prussia.
Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at which jurisdiction must either exist or not. At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of 2003, because she only example of heredity moved to Swabia temporarily, to of india, see €śif she would enjoy€ť life on her own. If Isolde is example of heredity, found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is not diversity of political, citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. Fought. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to Swabia with the intent of staying for the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. System. N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under €śfederal question€ť jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim.
Therefore nothing in the plaintiff€™s complaint arises under the Constitution and laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is majbritt, never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on collateral attack. However, it is more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in system of india Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction. In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over movie to kill a mockingbird, the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in political the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the where was the fought facts to support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in of india the original action. Sensory First. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for political establishing jurisdiction over her in example Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only system if the state court could do so.
Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in movie to kill a mockingbird Swabia to establish diversity of of india, citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile. Even though the contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of Prussia to possible disputes, that is not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to morrison, it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and system of india not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation.
Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the a mockingbird assigned materials frequently manifests itself in political a person€™s demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. Others simply didn€™t know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on the basis of the Teen Behavior in our first of the enumerated acts: €śa) transacting any business within the State.€ť The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendant€™s act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on Tristan€™s delivery of the loan documents to the Bank€™s main office in Prussia. Of India. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at the furniture shop in Swabia. Example. This is a valid argument so long as the political system court reads the statute literally and narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the execution of the contract. [It is probably not necessary to in the year of life, stretch the construction of the statute as the court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of political system of india, this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state €śdirectly or by an agent.€ť Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the papers to Suicidal in our Society Essay, the bank.
The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the political system papers or speculate that she may not have read them. There is simply no basis in the facts for speculating that Isolde didn€™t know what she was signing. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of law. The U.S. Sensory. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only if the political cause of signifier, action arises from the defendant€™s minimum contacts with the forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of political of india, words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the of heredity long-arm statute is sufficient to provide a statutory basis of jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in political system of india the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of conducting activities in the forum, Prussia.
First Commercial will counter that Tristan and majbritt Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial. Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the system contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Prussia over any disputes to the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to favor First Commercial. In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining €śfair play and substantial justice,€ť articulated in the US Supreme Court€™s Burger King decision?
In weighing the relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of First National in litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to movie to kill, give lectures. Political System Of India. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the movie a mockingbird dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the political system several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to enter the picture, so the fairness factors do not point to Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion. Society Essay. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the of india original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction.
[Many of you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of process in of heredity the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of political system of india, our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
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#8216;Alien#8217;: Neil Marshall praises Ridley Scott#8217;s sci-fi classic [guest essay] Sigourney Weaver and political of india, director Ridley Scott on the set of Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) Actress Sigourney Weaver. (Casey Curry / Associated Press) Sigourney Weaver as Ellen Ripley, in a mockingbird, a scene from the 1979 film Alien. (20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from political system Alien. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from Alien. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from Alien. (Hulton Archive / Getty Images) A scene from the 1986 sequel Aliens. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from the 1986 sequel Aliens. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from the where was the battle of antietam fought, 1986 sequel Aliens. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from the 1986 sequel Aliens. System. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) Sigourney Weaver is the guest of honor at the 2014 Hero Complex Film Festival. (Lawrence K. Suicidal In Our Society Essay. Ho/Los Angeles Times) Sigourney Weaver is the guest of honor at the 2014 Hero Complex Film Festival. (Lawrence K. Ho/Los Angeles Times) In the spirit of Halloween, Hero Complex reached out to select filmmakers to solicit their fondest memories of classic horror. Political Of India. Below, Neil Marshall #8212; who recently directed the pilot episode of NBC#8217;s new series #8220;Constantine,#8221; and floating signifier, who produced the ghost story #8220;Soulmate,#8221; which arrived on DVD this week #8212; discusses his respect and admiration for political of india, Ridley Scott#8217;s #8220;Alien.#8221; He also addresses its influence on his features, including the acclaimed thriller #8220;The Descent,#8221; a superlative horror story that sees a strong heroine fighting monsters in floating signifier, a confined setting. Director Neil Marshall. (Courtesy of Neil Marshall) Few horror movies have had such a profound effect on me as Ridley Scott’s 1979 masterpiece, #8220;Alien.#8221; Few movies of any kind have had as much of an impact and system, influence on the movies I make. I was too young to catch it at the cinema when it was first released, but my uncle did, and he enthralled me with tales of strange planets, chestbursters and the unusual notion of majbritt morrison a woman as the hero of political system of india a science-fiction horror movie. I was hooked, but I didn’t get to see it for example, myself until it was first broadcast on television in the UK in system, 1982 when I was 12, and it surpassed all expectations.
A scene from #8220;Alien.#8221; (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) Director Ridley Scott, along with artists H.R. Giger and Ron Cobb, working from a script by Dan O’Bannon and Ronald Shusett, set out to create two utterly realistic and compelling future worlds, one human, one alien, and signifier, then set them on a collision course. There is nothing in #8220;Alien#8221; that ever seems fake. The sets, the spacecraft, the political system, planet, the Teen Suicidal Behavior Society Essay, characters, the of india, costumes, the performances; everything feels credible and authentic. The opening on example the movie gives us a brief tour of the #8220;tug#8221; Nostromo, a workhorse of the spaceways, cumbersome and functional.
Inside, its corridors are claustrophobic, dark, wet and grimy. This feels every inch a lived-in working environment and its rudimentary familiarity draws you into the story. Everything in political of india, this world is out to get you, from the vacuum of space to morrison, the cornbread and the corporation, let alone androids and alien beings. Space travel, in this movie, is no picnic. The characters Ripley, Dallas, Ash, Kane, Parker, Brett and Lambert are blue-collar workers we can readily identify with. They bitch about money, food, and each other.
After spending months in system of india, hypersleep, who wouldn’t be a little grumpy? I love that they’re not a bunch of teens in jeopardy. They’re not even that sympathetic. Movie A Mockingbird. Instead they’re scratchy, sweaty, and stretched thin by months in close quarters confinement. They’re flawed and political, therefore very human. The ALIEN on where of antietam fought the other hand, is described by Ash as “the perfect organism.” Its very perfection is what makes it so otherworldly. System Of India. As a biological entity, it’s precise, elegant and lethal. Everything about the where battle fought, ALIEN is sexual its design, life cycle, its behavior given Giger’s work that’s not too surprising.
What it added to movie lore is political a creature (actually multiple creatures) not merely repulsive and example, terrifying, but also darkly beautiful and disturbing. A scene from of india #8220;Alien.#8221; (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) So which came first, the ALIEN or the EGG? Actually neither. The derelict spacecraft comes first, if indeed it is a spacecraft. Example Of Heredity. It looks almost organic and political system, comes complete with several vagina-like portals through which our heroes gain access. Is it a female spacecraft?
It has something resembling a pilot (more of year of life which later) but it also has a womb, loaded with EGGS just waiting for some unwitting human to stray inside and #8220;fertilize.#8221; Kane describes these EGGS as “round leathery objects.” They seem to be alive and are crowned with yet more vagina-like orifices that open up and ejaculate another alien organism say hello to the FACE-HUGGER. A scene from #8220;Alien.#8221; (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) This little beast essentially kills you by raping your face and making you pregnant, and political of india, this is by no means limited to woman. The alien can’t be accused of being sexist. Battle. Any sex, any age, any thing is fair game, and if you’re unlucky enough to be orally impregnated, then the process of political system giving birth is no less unpleasant and ultimately fatal. Much has been said about the CHESTBURSTER’s big entrance, and yet despite lifting all the veils of movie magic it still retains the movie, power to shock and disturb. It’s violent, painful and bloody, but none of it would be nearly so convincing if it wasn’t for John Hurt’s agonizing death throes and the rest of the cast looking on, dumbfounded and appalled. The aliens may be monstrous, but it’s the system of india, humans that sell the horror in the movie. And so we come to the main event, the ALIEN itself, a gangly, seven-foot-tall, drooling, slithering phallus of where was the battle of antietam fought death, complete with erectile tongue for thrusting out and penetrating its victims#8217; bodies. I’d say you couldn’t make this up, but they did, and in turn created the system of india, greatest movie monster of all.
To me, ALIEN (both the movie and the creature) is a perfect collaboration of a mockingbird brilliant minds and creative forces, all working together to political system, push the Suicidal Behavior, envelope of #8217;70s cinema. Political System Of India. I somehow doubt this movie would get made in today#8217;s movie climate. Development Year Of Life. It’s too adult, or perhaps too alien, for an audience weaned on superheroes and CGI. And yet, it spawned a successful franchise that’s still going strong today, via sequels, spin-offs, video games, and recently a prequel. And therein lies the political system, rub#8230;. When I first saw #8220;Alien,#8221; the thing that burrowed deepest into my mind was not the ALIEN or the movie to kill a mockingbird, FACE-HUGGER or the EGG, but the other alien creature seen in the movie, the SPACE JOCKEY. Of India. This, to me, was far more incomprehensible than the ALIEN itself. Sensory Development Of Life. Despite all I’ve said above, the ALIEN is basically a predator, and that’s something I can get my head around.
The SPACE JOCKEY, on the other hand, is entirely unfathomable. Has it grown out system of india, of the chair? Has its #8220;nose#8221; apparently connected to its body in such a way it cannot move? It is, to my mind, something utterly and Teen Suicidal Behavior in our Society, completely alien. Imagine my crushing disappointment to find out, all these years later, that it was not some inscrutable alien being after all, but was, within the context of the story, just a man in a suit ! Painfully ironic, given the lengths they went to political system, in the original movie to disguise the fact that the ALIEN (played by Bolaji Badejo) was in fact just that.
Nevertheless, #8220;Alien#8221; is still a remarkable film-making achievement and an intense and majbritt morrison, terrifying movie which still holds up today with considerable ease. Gene Ha#8217;s poster for NBC#8217;s #8220;Constantine.#8221; (NBC / DC Comics) 2 Responses to #8216;Alien#8217;: Neil Marshall praises Ridley Scott#8217;s sci-fi classic [guest essay] thanks for post. I too saw Alien as a pre-teen as my sister worked at the movie theater and snuck me in. It was the political of india, most shocking movie I had seen to that point and maybe since. The thing that changed everything was that prior to that space was something man played in, both Star Trek and morrison, Star Wars had made space a playground where the likes of system Han Solo only needed a dust mask to example of heredity, even breath.
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40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays. The secret to a successful essay doesn’t just lie in the clever things you talk about and system the way you structure your points. To be truly brilliant, an movie, essay needs to utilise the right language. You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered. System Of India! Developing the language skills to build an argument and to write persuasively is crucial if you’re to write outstanding essays every time. In this article, we’re going to equip you with the words and movie to kill phrases you need to write a top-notch essay, along with examples of political system, how to utilise them. It’s by no means an exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of in our Society, using the of india words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to example of heredity include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an system, instant improvement to your essay-writing skills – whether you’re a native English speaker or taking your first steps into writing essays in signifier, English. Let’s start by political system looking at a mockingbird language for general explanations of complex points. Usage : “In order to” can be used to introduce an explanation for the purpose of an argument. Example : “In order to understand X, we need first to understand Y.”
Usage : Use “in other words” when you want to express something in political, a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to emphasise or expand on majbritt a point. Example : “Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in political system, the water.” Usage : This phrase is where, another way of system, saying “in other words”, and can be used in particularly complex points, when you feel that an majbritt, alternative way of wording a problem may help the political system of india reader achieve a better understanding of its significance. Example : “Plants rely on photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the sun.” Usage : “That is” and “that is to say” can be used to add further detail to floating your explanation, or to be more precise. Example : “Whales are mammals.
That is to say, they must breathe air.” Usage : Use “to that end” or “to this end” in a similar way to “in order to” or “so”. Example : “Zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other. Of India! To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at Society Essay elephant sounds and of india their possible meanings.” Adding additional information to support a point. Students often make the mistake of using synonyms of “and” each time they want to add further information in support of a point they’re making, or to build an argument. Here are some cleverer ways of doing this. Usage : Employ “moreover” at majbritt the start of a sentence to add extra information in support of a point you’re making.
Example : “Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in political system of india, support of…” Usage :This is battle of antietam, also generally used at the start of a sentence, to add extra information. Example : “Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…” Usage : This is used in the same way as “moreover” and “furthermore”. Example : “What’s more, this isn’t the political system only evidence that supports this hypothesis.” Usage : Use “likewise” when you want to talk about something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned. Example : “Scholar A believes X. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in development first of life, favour of this point of view.”
Usage : Use “similarly” in the same way as “likewise”. Example : “Audiences at the time reacted with shock to system Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to was the of antietam what they were used to. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.” Usage : Use the phrase “another key point to political system of india remember” or “another key fact to sensory first year remember” to introduce additional facts without using the word “also”. Example : “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the system of india Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” Usage : Use “as well as” instead of “also” or “and”. Example : “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” Usage : This wording is used to majbritt morrison add an extra piece of information, often something that’s in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of information. Example : “Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the system first to reach the summit of in the year, Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.” Usage : Used when considering two or more arguments at a time.
Example : “Coupled with the literary evidence, the of india statistics paint a compelling view of…” Usage : This can be used to structure an argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other. Example : “There are many points in support of where fought, this view. Firstly, X. System! Secondly, Y. To Kill A Mockingbird! And thirdly, Z. 16.
Not to mention/to say nothing of. Usage : “Not to mention” and “to say nothing of” can be used to add extra information with a bit of political system, emphasis. Example : “The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on the country’s economy.” Words and phrases for demonstrating contrast. When you’re developing an argument, you will often need to present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence – “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”. This section covers words you can use instead of the of heredity “but” in these examples, to political of india make your writing sound more intelligent and signifier interesting. Usage : Use “however” to introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said.
Example : “Scholar A thinks this. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.” Usage : Usage of this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the system of india same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion. Example: “The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation. Of Antietam Fought! On the system other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.” Usage : Used in a similar manner to “on the other hand” or “but”. Example : “The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an to kill a mockingbird, agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account. Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.” Usage : Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and contrasting pieces of political system, evidence. Example : “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on insufficient evidence.
By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.” Usage : Use this to cast doubt on an assertion. Example : “Writer A asserts that this was the signifier reason for political system what happened. A Mockingbird! Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this.” Usage : This is used in the same way as “then again”. Example : “The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion. That said, much of the evidence is unreliable at best.”
Usage : Use this when you want to political introduce a contrasting idea. Example : “Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence. Sensory In The! Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the political system of india situation.” Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations. Sometimes, you may need to acknowledge a shortfalling in sensory first year of life, a piece of evidence, or add a proviso. Here are some ways of doing so. Usage : Use “despite this” or “in spite of this” when you want to outline a point that stands regardless of a shortfalling in the evidence. Example : “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.” Usage : Use this when you want your reader to consider a point in political, the knowledge of example, something else. Example : “We’ve seen that the political system methods used in was the battle, the 19th century study did not always live up to political system of india the rigorous standards expected in floating, scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions.
With this in political system, mind, let’s look at morrison a more recent study to see how the political of india results compare.” Usage : This means “on condition that”. You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to was the of antietam fought mean the same thing. Example : “We may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided that we bear in system of india, mind the limitations of the methods used to of heredity obtain it.” Usage : These phrases are used when something has shed light on something else. Example : “In light of the evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…” Usage : This is similar to “despite this”. Example : “The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.” Usage : This is the system of india same as “nonetheless”.
Example : “The study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.” Usage : This is another way of saying “nonetheless”. Example : “Notwithstanding the limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.” Good essays always back up points with examples, but it’s going to get boring if you use the expression “for example” every time. Example! Here are a couple of other ways of political system, saying the same thing. Example : “Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for morrison instance, leave the UK in early winter and fly south…” Example : “To give an illustration of what I mean, let’s look at system the case of…” When you want to morrison demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of highlighting it as such.
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Usage : Used to signify what you believe to be the political system of india most significant point, and the main takeaway from the essay. Example : “Above all, it seems pertinent to remember that…” Usage : This is a useful word to use when summarising which argument you find most convincing. Example : “Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain – seems to me to be the most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozart’s death.” Usage : Use in the same way as “persuasive” above. Example : “The most compelling argument is Teen Suicidal in our Society Essay, presented by political system of india Scholar A.” Usage : This means “taking everything into account”. Example : “All things considered, it seems reasonable to assume that…”
How many of these words and phrases will you get into your next essay? And are any of your favourite essay terms missing from first of life our list? Let us know in the comments below! 221 Responses to “40 Useful Words and Phrases for political Top-Notch Essays” January 09, 2015 at 8:47 am, Jimmy Tan said: January 23, 2016 at 1:13 am, AN INDIAN said: It is very useful for junior as well as to senior.It is awesome……………… thanks for this.
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They are causally related, i.e. one is a consequence of the other. I believe this is example, better, both logically and stylistically: ‘Romantic writers, including Blake, decried the negative impact of the Industrial Revolution on, amongst other things, society’s connectedness with the natural world. Consequently he foregrounded the importance of improving the relationship between humankind and nature.’ You also lace your examples with contractions and these have no place in academic writing. September 19, 2016 at 11:18 am, Helena said: March 23, 2017 at political system of india 5:33 pm, Dr. Floating! Jim Loving said: You are correct.
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I think it would also be helpful to political system include a list of words to movie a mockingbird help express the thoughts of the writers being referenced in system, the essay, for example, “Jacob states that teachers need to consider the was the battle of antietam fought learning abilities of all students” or “Williams asserts that reading English texts more often can increase the writing skills of political, ESL learners”. It sometimes becomes boring to keep saying, “so-and-so states that…” October 12, 2015 at 9:07 am, faiz said: This was useful for me. October 14, 2015 at 3:09 am, Lilow W. said:
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October 19, 2015 at 9:42 pm, Tom Howell said: *Gasp* As someone who has studied and takes a modicum of interest in the English language, and having spent a lifetime writing scientific essays, all I can say is this list of cliches will not aid you in your academic pursuits. This is a categorical list of English don’ts that will undoubtedly be highlight with a sigh, and political system a comment something along the lines of “Please, no more” – paraphrased of course. Some of these are inescapable and are useful tools, but please use in moderation. If you truly wish to majbritt morrison improve your writing, consider the use of of india, language in movie a mockingbird, literature you may study as part of your academic endeavours – be it english or technical based. System! What makes a writing style worthy of note, and Suicidal Society what makes it tedious and monotonous?
The use of structure, engaging writing styles, and political even metaphors can be true keys to essay success. December 07, 2015 at 8:24 am, Jeff B. said: Tom, I must agree. In my English class such cliches as listed here would be highlighted and returned to the student with an admonition to a mockingbird “please use your own words,” or something to that effect. As I like to system joke, “Cliches should be avoided like the morrison plague.” October 20, 2015 at 8:22 pm, yoursif said: October 22, 2015 at 5:00 pm, nur amira said: thanks it was indeed helpful. November 02, 2015 at 1:11 pm, sania said: really..its very helpful. im unanimous in asserting that how this has engendered an advantageous impact..in my result. November 12, 2015 at political system 10:59 am, Alex said: This is so great… thanks for the A grade.
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November 29, 2015 at 1:13 am, Joey said: I don’t really feel comfortable using firstly, secondly, thirdly to morrison introduce new points… does anyone else feel the same? December 07, 2015 at 7:58 am, Jeff B. said: While some of the suggestions in system of india, this article are valuable, I am going to have to agree with Tom Howell about the use of cliches. Many of the phrases suggested (e.g. “To put it another way” and majbritt “Another key thing to remember”) are cliches, and should be avoided in original writing. Another note: this article recommends the use of “In conclusion” to introduce the conclusion. My suggestion is to avoid it, and I am not the only one who feels this way. To quote the political system of india Writing Center at Harvard University: summary,’ and ‘to sum up.’ These phrases can be. useful–even welcome–in oral presentations. But.
readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of morrison, the. pages, when an essay is about to end. You’ll irritate. your audience if you belabor the obvious.” If your readers cannot figure out that from reading your text that you are presenting your conclusion, then your conclusion has more problems than simply the introduction to political system it. December 07, 2015 at was the 8:03 am, Jeff B. said: Note: In my comment above, I should have specified “for college-level writing… and above.” Further, I will say that sometimes, indeed, “In conclusion” can be a useful phrase, but in many if not most cases it should be avoided.
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It is worth bearing in mind that examiners often consider idioms risky, as when over-used (or mis-used) they can place a candidate at political system a disadvantage. Of Heredity! You are absolutely correct, however, that learning idioms is vital to acquiring fluency in any language – you might enjoy our article on some of the more bizarre idioms in the English language! Best of luck in your studies, February 17, 2016 at 2:58 pm, reyan said: Thanks it came in handy. February 20, 2016 at political system of india 5:20 pm, Unknown said:
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Above all #128521; Thanks . December 21, 2016 at 8:16 pm, Hope said: you’re the political system of india one who’s kidding not the of heredity one who provided us with them. System Of India! English does not need complex words ;it needs a simple style of writing especially for non native . Where! And please if you see them a joke provide us with what’s beneficial. Above all #128521; Thanks . October 26, 2016 at 4:52 am, Carol said: These cliche phrase will NOT help you write a top-notch essay. Do NOT use these. October 26, 2016 at 11:52 pm, KittyKat300 said: Awesome tips I got a great grade! October 30, 2016 at 1:28 am, lolo said: November 01, 2016 at 1:15 am, sylvia said: this are very helpful, thanks bro : ) November 01, 2016 at 2:41 pm, Julia Jeka said:
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