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Caffeine Persuasive Essays and Research Papers. Evidence Homework #1 Topic: Caffeine Preview: Every morning when I wake up the first thing I do after brushing my teeth is walk straight . to student protests 1968, the coffee pot. I pour myself a hot rich cup of coffee to start the day off. On my way out the character, door I grab my go cup and fill it up. When I finally get to school I get myself another cup of coffee. How many miller grams of caffeine do you think I have drank at this point? According to the Mayo Clinic a healthy amount of caffeine for student protests an adult is antony and cleopatra analysis, 200 to 300 miller. Protests? Caffeine , Central nervous system , Coca-Cola 966 Words | 3 Pages. Julia Sellman Neuroscience and Technology Caffeine In America today, nine out of ten individuals consumed caffeine . They were . most likely consuming it within either a cup of English Law’s to Same Sex Marriage Essay coffee, some kind of soda, or the latest energy drink available.

The effect of caffeine usually lasts about 2 hours and student 1968 affects the body in multiple ways. It increases production of acidic juices in the stomach, speeds up heart rate, relaxes muscles found in the lungs to make breathing easier, prepares skeletal muscles for Order action. Addiction , Adenosine receptor , Caffeine 1038 Words | 5 Pages. Caffeine is a naturally occurring compound found in the leaves and fruits of certain plants. Caffeine is student protests 1968, found in coffee, tea, . cocoa, cola soft drinks and energy drinks. It may also be found in chocolate bars, energy bars and some over-the-counter medications, like cough syrup and slimming tablets.

Caffeine has had a long and rich history; humans have been consuming caffeine since the Stone Age. Alliances Industry? Early peoples found that chewing the seeds, bark, or leaves of certain plants had the effects of easing. Caffeine , Coca-Cola , Coffea 938 Words | 3 Pages. Caffeine in the diet Email this page to a friend Bookmark amp; Share Printer-friendly version Caffeine is a substance that . is found in certain plants. It can also be man-made (produced synthetically) and student protests 1968 then added to ref generator, food products. It is a central nervous system stimulant and student a diuretic (substance that helps rid your body of fluids). Function Caffeine is absorbed and passes quickly into the brain. English To Same Sex Marriage? It does not collect in the bloodstream or get stored in the body.

It leaves the body in. Caffeine , Coca-Cola , Coffee 1322 Words | 6 Pages. Introduction A. Attention Getter: If you drink some kind of caffeine on a daily basis or close to that often, please raise your hand. Student? Those . you without your hands raised make up a rare percentage of todays Americans. An article published in the Chicago Tribune on October 19, 2011 by Julie Deardorff, stated that nearly 90% of Americans drink coffee on Discussion Global Alliances in the Airline, a regular basis. B. Relevance Statement: When asked if you drank coffee or another source of caffeine regularly, the protests, majority of the class raised their hand. Caffeine , Chicago Tribune , Coca-Cola 1120 Words | 4 Pages.

Speech Outline Title: Caffeine Specific purpose: To inform my audience about the effects and health issues of caffeine . . Thesis: Caffeine can have many different effects on English Sex Marriage Essay, the body depending on the amount of consumption. Introduction A. Attention Getter How many of you here consider yourself caffeine addicts? How much soda do you drink a day? One bottle? Two cans? More? How about coffee? B. Thesis statement Caffeine can have many different effects on the body depending on the amount. Student 1968? Caffeine , Coffee , Diet of Japan 770 Words | 3 Pages. Isolation of Caffeine in Tea Introduction Todays world is addicted to coffee and tea for an easy wake up. Both contain . The Relationship Between Onset And Slowed Progression? caffeine , a drug known for its stimulant properties.

Tea, by student 1968 weight, contains approximately 2-4% caffeine , and the average cup of tea has anywhere from 40 to 120 mg of Between Activity Onset of Dementia caffeine (Landgrebe, 327; Mayo Clinic Staff). According to the American Heart Association, caffeine not only stimulates the brain and nervous system, but it releases fatty acids from adipose tissue, and 1968 affects. Aspirin , Caffeine , Camellia sinensis 1429 Words | 4 Pages. ? Caffeine Addiction 1,3,7 trimethylxanthine, also known as caffeine , is English Essay, considered the most commonly used psychoactive . drug in the world ( Caffeine ). Caffeine stimulates the protests, central nervous system, eases fatigue, increases energy, and improves concentration and focus (Staff). When purified, caffeine produces an intensely bitter white powder that provides a distinctive taste in soft drinks ( Caffeine ). And Revolution? An addiction, is when a person ingests a substance, or engages in an activity that. Addiction , Caffeine , Coffee 1259 Words | 4 Pages. Title: Caffeine Specific purpose: To inform my audience what exactly caffeine is, where it comes from, the benefits of . caffeine and protests 1968 the negative effects of caffeine . Introduction A. Attention material: Do you ever feel like you will never make it through the Discussion Surrounding Global Operating in the Airline, day without caffeine ? Is your first thought in protests 1968 the morning to get yourself a cup of coffee before you can even get your day started? B. Tie to the audience: I am sure that most of you do consume at English Approach to Same Sex Marriage least one form of. Brain , Caffeine , Central nervous system 885 Words | 3 Pages. to introduce my self first. My name is David Cho * Caffeine is used to provide a boost of energy or a feeling of student protests being more alert.

It's . often used to stay awake longer and many people feel as though they cannot function in the morning without a cup of Discussion Global Operating Airline coffee to provide caffeine and the boost it gives them. 9 in 10 Americans consume some form of caffeine regularly, making it the most popular behavior-altering drug. * Caffeine is a naturally occurring substance. It is student 1968, part of a group. Blood sugar , Caffeine , Coca-Cola 884 Words | 3 Pages. Computing Caffeine Informative Speech John Cedrick D. Balaguer BSIT 3 English 3 : Speech and Oral Communication Skills 1st . Semester S.Y. 2013 2014 July 17, 2014 1 of 1 Caffeine has been used widely around the Between Physical Prevention, Onset and Slowed Progression, world over centuries, and today it is estimated that 80% of the worlds adult population consumes caffeine in one form or another. What is it about caffeine that has made it so popular? To begin with, one of the first characteristic effects of caffeine is its ability. Caffeine , Central nervous system , Coffee 989 Words | 4 Pages. What is the content difference between energy drinks and student protests 1968 coffee and are they safe?

There are hundreds of antony and cleopatra analysis different brands of energy drinks being marketed . and their caffeine content per can or bottle ranges from just 50 mg to as much as 505 mg (Weise, 2008). Energy drinks are most commonly consumed by people 11-35 years old (Ballard et al., 2010). Energy drink companies can say anything they want about energy and performance effects of the drinks, and while some energy drinks are banned in some. Caffeine , Coca-Cola , Coffee 1993 Words | 7 Pages. Caffeine Topic: Caffeine General Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose: At the end of my speech, my audience should . understand the beneficial effects of caffeine , the negative effects and protests discuss what are considered safe levels of caffeine consumption. Thesis Statement: The three areas I will cover in my speech are the beneficial effects of The Relationship Between and the Delayed Onset and Slowed Progression caffeine , the student 1968, negative effects and discuss what are considered safe levels of caffeine consumption.

Introduction Attention-Getter: If you. Caffeine , Coffee , Effect 824 Words | 3 Pages. note: A09-010A The quantitative determination of The Relationship Between Physical and the Prevention, Onset and Slowed caffeine in protests 1968 beverages and soft drinks using UV wavelength spectroscopy Introduction . Caffeine is a naturally occurring alkaloid which is found in the leaves, seeds or fruits of over 63 plants species worldwide. The most common sources of caffeine are coffee, cocoa beans, cola nuts and tea leaves and the worldwide consumption of products derived from these natural materials means that caffeine is one of the most popular and commonly consumed drugs. Caffeine , Coca-Cola , Coffee 1381 Words | 5 Pages. Teratogenetics: Caffeine as a teratogen Chase Palmer Fremont High School Hansen p.4 Abstract The purpose of this paper is to identify . the teratogenetic affects of caffeine in unborn children and breast feeding children. The following topics will be discussed: Risk of congenital anomalies, risk of spontaneous abortion, risk of low birth weight and preterm labor as well as, the critical period of the teratogen, short term and long term affects, and antony and cleopatra character analysis the changing danger of the teratogen relating. Affect , Breastfeeding , Caffeine 964 Words | 3 Pages. Paper Many Americans have included caffeine as a part of their daily diet whether they realize it or not. Protests 1968? In fact, caffeine . is the most consumed psychoactive substance in the world (Ruxton How is this instead ( Caffeine is especially common throughout) 15).

It is found very especially commonly throughout every day foods and consumed mostly though through coffee, tea, soda, and chocolate (Spiller 200). Many Americans participate in the use of Law’s to Same caffeine ; it is estimated that 90% of adults. Caffeine , Coffee , Drink 1722 Words | 5 Pages. 1968? Extraction of Caffeine from Tea Leaves Jaybee Balilea, Sharmaine Baysic, and Maria Anjelette Patricia Belen 3BIO7, Department of Biology, . And Revolution Essays? University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines Abstract Extraction is a technique for isolating and purifying organic substances. In this technique, a solution is combined thoroughly with a second solvent that is immiscible with the first solvent. The solute is student protests 1968, extracted from one solvent into social psychology methods, the other because it is more soluble in the second solvent. Caffeine , Distillation , Green tea 1572 Words | 6 Pages. Extraction of Caffeine from Tea leaves Casinabe, Antonio Karlo,*Catahay, Jesus Alfonso, Cerdena, Oneil, Cordova, Robelle Department of . Biological Sciences, College of student protests Science University of Santo Tomas, Espana Street, Manila 108 Group 4 2MB Date Submitted: December 13, 2012 ------------------------------------------------- ABSTRACT: The purpose of this experiment is to extract the amount of caffeine present in tea bags. In this experiment, isolation, characterization and purification. Caffeine , Chemistry , Extraction 1896 Words | 7 Pages. Caffeine and Sleep Sleep Topics Caffeine has been called the most popular drug in the world.

It is found naturally in . over 60 plants including the coffee bean, tea leaf, kola nut and cacao pod. And Cleopatra Analysis? All over student 1968, the world people consume caffeine on ref generator, a daily basis in coffee, tea, cocoa, chocolate, some soft drinks, and some drugs. Because caffeine is a stimulant, most people use it after waking up in the morning or to remain alert during the day. While it is important to note that caffeine cannot. Alertness , Caffeine , Chocolate 625 Words | 3 Pages. ? Caffeine and 1968 the Placebo Effect Plants produce caffeine as a protective pesticide, paralyzing feeding insects.

This powerful . substance has been used as a stimulant for Discussion Surrounding Alliances centuries. The use of caffeine as an energy booster dates back to the Stone Age through coffee, tea and student 1968 cocoa. Synonymous with caffeine , coffee has grown into a $70 billion industry with no signs of slowing down. It's a good source of antioxidants, a social atmosphere, and research a legal stimulant. Coffee drinkers come back for more because. Addiction , Alertness , Caffeine 782 Words | 5 Pages. Student Protests? Sleep Deprivation Persuasive Speech. ? Persuasive Speech for Students Chronic Sleep Deprivation Introduction: A. The Relationship Physical And The Delayed Onset Progression? Attention Getting Opening: Over the past ten to student 1968, twenty years, . Antony And Cleopatra? academic demands placed upon college students have increased significantly, this has lead to an increase in workload and student protests 1968 amount of time needed to study for a specific course. Today, college students represent the most sleep-deprived division of the population in the U.S. (Sleep and Memory). Methods? According to Gayla Martindale, 63% percent of the students who attend.

Caffeine , Immune system , Insomnia 1577 Words | 4 Pages. Isolation of Caffeine from Coffee. ------------------------------------------------- Isolation of Caffeine from Coffee Date of laboratory work: 10/9/2012 . 5:00-7:45 Date of report written: 10/15/2012 Introduction: The purpose is to isolate caffeine from coffee by using the organic solvent dichloromethane (CH2Cl2) that is student, also referred to as direct contact. Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) is used to Law’s Sex Marriage Essay, remove the tannins from the coffee. Student Protests? Afterwards an extraction is and cleopatra character analysis, used to student, separate the organic layer (bottom) from. Caffeine , Chemistry , Distillation 873 Words | 4 Pages. Coffee and Caffeine Related Products. the product caffeine . Thesis Statement: there are numerous side effects and Approach to Same Sex Marriage Essay health problems associated with caffeine . . Caffeine should not be consumed to energize. Many often turn to caffeine to help, and doing so will lead you to become addicted to student protests, the substance much like a drug and will affect many aspects of your everyday life. Introduction: I. How many of you have used caffeine related products to boost yourself in The Relationship Activity and the Delayed and Slowed Progression of Dementia the morning or before a major task for 1968 the day? II. Caffeine seems like.

Addiction , Caffeine , Coca-Cola 1242 Words | 5 Pages. Caffeine : A double-edged sword Introduction: Nowadays, caffeine is well known as the The Relationship Physical and the Delayed Onset Progression, most popular and student protests widely consumed . drug. We can find it from foods and drinks, even many medications contain this substance, it is pervasive in our daily lives. Caffeine is The Relationship Physical Activity Prevention, Onset and Slowed of Dementia, one kind of rapidly absorbed organic compound. It is classified as stimulant witch can increase alertness and student protests energy levels for a short period of time (website). Caffeine can be used as pharmacologic substance as well, for example, it is. Abortion , Caffeine , Cancer 1430 Words | 5 Pages. The truth about caffeine How many of you here consider yourself caffeine addicts? How much coffee do you drink a day?

One . cup? Two cups? More? If you crave caffeine to get you through the day, you're not alone. About 68% of Americans say they're hooked on coffee this year, compared with 64% last year, according to the National Coffee Association. But of course, Caffeine and related compounds are found not only in coffee, but also in tea, soft drinks, and chocolate. Law’s Approach? Most. Addiction , Caffeine , Camellia sinensis 751 Words | 3 Pages. ?Introduction to student, Public Speaking Persuasive Speech Title: Dont Drink Your Energy Purpose Statement: To persuade people to not drink energy . drinks Thesis Statement: Today I am here to persuade you not to drink energy drinks INTRODUCTION I. Weve all have probably had an energy drink at some point II. CNN Study shows 50% students, drink one to four a month III.

Many dont pay attention or know short and long term effects IV. The concept of downing energy drinks among college students V. Social Research Methods? Thesis. Caffeine , Coca-Cola , Coffee 621 Words | 4 Pages. Student Protests 1968? Neuropsychiatric Effects of Caffeine. Neuropsychiatric effects of German Order and Revolution caffeine Abstract Psychiatrists rarely enquire about caffeine intake when assessing patients. This . may lead to a failure to identify caffeine -related problems and offer appropriate interventions. 1968? Excessive caffeine ingestion leads to symptoms that overlap with those of many psychiatric disorders. Caffeine is implicated in the exacerbation of ref generator anxiety and sleep disorders, and people with eating disorders often misuse it. It antagonises adenosine receptors, which may potentiate.

Anxiety , Anxiety disorder , Caffeine 2094 Words | 6 Pages. Caffeine and its effects on the human body. consume caffeine every day of the year. Student 1968? Caffeine is the ingredient that makes the public crave coffee, soda, chocolate and many . other caffeine -carrying products. Americans consume about 45 million pounds of caffeine each year. Physical Activity And The Delayed Onset And Slowed Progression Of Dementia? In the United States, coffee drinkers drink an average of 2.6 cups per day. Total caffeine intake for coffee drinkers was 363.5 mg per day - this includes caffeine from coffee and other sources like soft drinks, food and student protests 1968 drugs. Non-coffee drinkers get plenty of caffeine as well. Caffeine , Coffea , Coffea arabica 1437 Words | 4 Pages. ?Rachel DeLaune CMST 2060 Caffeine Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the history of caffeine , how the body . processes caffeine , and possible side effects of Order Essays excessive caffeine consumption.

Central Idea: Caffeine has been around for centuries and has been used for it energizing effects on the body . Introduction I. Its the night before your chemistry exam and you decide to learn three weeks worth of student protests 1968 material in one night. II. When 1:30 comes around and you can feel your eyes starting. Discussion Global Alliances In The Industry? Boston Tea Party , Caffeine , Coffea 893 Words | 5 Pages. Caffeine and 1968 Its Effects on Your Brain. Caffeine is a drug that helps people stay awake or alert. It is German Order Essays, also known as trimethylxanthine, a naturally occurring chemical stimulant. The . 1968? formula for English Approach Sex Marriage Essay caffeine is C8H10N4O2.

It shares several traits with famous drugs like amphetamines, cocaine and heroin. Student Protests? It uses the The Relationship Between Onset and Slowed of Dementia, same biochemical mechanisms as these drugs to student protests, stimulate brain function. Social Psychology Research Methods? Caffeine has its benefits, but it also has several draw backs. In this paper, we will explore these and come up with an answer to is it worth it? Adenosine. Adenosine triphosphate , Brain , Caffeine 1430 Words | 4 Pages. The Effect of Caffeine on Plant Growth. 1968? Effec | Effect of caffeine on plant growth | Description This science fair project was performed to find out the German Order, effect on plant growth of . adding caffeine to the soil. The experiment was done by using mung bean plants and watering them daily with water, water mixed with caffeine and with a coffee mixture. Hypothesis The mung beans watered using the coffee mixture will grow the fastest.

Overview Caffeine and plant growth The effect of student protests adding caffeine to the soil and its effect on plant. Social Psychology Methods? Bean , Caffeine , Fern 826 Words | 4 Pages. Amount of caffeine in student 1968 team samples. ?Determination of Caffeine in Tea Samples CONTENTS 1. Methods? 1. Introduction 2. 2. Theory 3. 3. Uses of Caffeine 4. 4. . Effects of protests Caffeine 5. 5. Procedure 6. Ref Generator? 6. Observations 7. 7. Result INTRODUCTION Tea is the most commonly and widely used soft beverage in the household. It acts as a stimulant for central nervous system and skeletal muscles. That is why tea removes fatigue, tiredness and protests headache. It also increases the Discussion Global Operating in the Industry, capacity of student thinking. Psychology? It is 1968, also used for lowering body temperature. Caffeine , Camellia sinensis , Central nervous system 901 Words | 4 Pages. Order And Revolution Essays? The affect of Caffeine on pulse rate. Student 1968? ? Caffeine write up Caffeine is a stimulant Stimulants are a class of ref generator drug that boosts, alternates and increases your energy . levels and they activity of the student protests, nervous system. Caffeine is in drinks, such as; Coca-Cola, tea and coffee, these are called caffeinated drinks.

Caffeine is not normally recognised as a drug to most. Caffeine has an effect on your heart rate, (this is how fact your hear beats) Caffeine is able to change the way your body and mind works Chocolate is known to. Caffeine , Cardiology , Coffee 1635 Words | 7 Pages. driving or even worse ? got caught sleeping in class? These instances could have been prevented by doing what 90% of The Relationship Prevention, Onset and Slowed Americans do every day ? by consuming . CAFFEINE . If anyone here feels you can't make it though your day without a cup of coffee, you are probably addicted to it (I'll discuss more on that later). Here's an protests 1968 interesting fact: both words caffeine and The Relationship Between Physical Activity and the Prevention, Delayed Onset of Dementia coffee are derived from the Arabic word QAHWEH. The origins of the student 1968, words reflect the spread of the beverage into Europe through Arabia and ref generator Turkey.

Addiction , Caffeine , Coffee 1191 Words | 4 Pages. Daniel Kim 12-3-12 HBS, period 1 Reaction time experiment Caffeine and Reaction Time 1) Identify the Problem or Question How does . the consumption of student protests 1968 caffeine affect the reaction time of the nervous system? 2) Introduction Purpose of the experiment: To identify the whether or not caffeine increases or decreases the reaction time of the nervous system. In our experiment, we have decided to use all the cases which will test how fast a signal from our brain will be sent to our. Caffeine , Coffee , Experiment 1286 Words | 5 Pages. Ref Generator? Extraction and Sublimation of Caffeine.

Sublimation of Caffeine from Tea Leaves By: Ashley Barnes CH 236 P8 Experiment 4 4.5 Due: 10/15/2014 Table 1. 1968? Table of . Reagents Discussion The extraction yield refers to the percent of caffeine in the tea leaves at start of the English Law’s to Same Essay, extraction experiment. Tea leaves had 0.55 grams of mass per eight ounce serving. The weight of the extracted crude caffeine was 0.264 grams. Protests? Therefore, the extraction yield was 48%. This means that we pulled out almost half of the psychology research, caffeine in tea leaves.

Caffeine , Extraction , Gas 906 Words | 5 Pages. Well we arent alone; according to Villanova Health Service about 90 percent of Americans consume caffeine in one way or another every single . day. Transition: So what is caffeine you generally think of it in, Coffee, tea, soda, and chocolate, and its part of student protests almost all college students daily diet. I. Ref Generator? Caffeine A. Protests 1968? What is caffeine 1. Alliances In The Airline? According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary caffeine is defined as a bitter alkaloid C8H10N4O2 (not that any of you care) found especially in coffee. Student? Brain , Caffeine , Coffee 642 Words | 3 Pages. Christian O. Discussion Surrounding Global Alliances Operating In The Airline Industry? Zipagang, Lance Harvey O. PROBLEM: How Caffeine affects a Gold-fish Chapter 1: The Problem and Its Background * . Student? Background of the Study * Caffeine is becoming a common chemical found in the environment but, little research has been done to understand the environmental effects of caffeine , including dissolved caffeine in aquatic systems.

The goal of this research study was to ref generator, begin to understand how caffeine may interact with aquatic environment, using the bacteria. Bacteria , Caffeine , Coffea 967 Words | 5 Pages. interesting than the Pepsi bottles. Coca-Cola is a very unique and student protests 1968 different beverage compared to antony and cleopatra character, Pepsi. Although the ingredients are somewhat . similar, the two drinks have a distinguished taste. Student 1968? They both contain carbonated water, sugar, caffeine , and analysis natural flavorings. The two drinks are also competitive in the financial sides. Coca-Cola has a current market share of 42 percent where as Pepsi has a market share of student 1968 31 percent. The annual revenue of Coke is about 35.2 billion compared.

Caffeine , Coca-Cola , Cola 1324 Words | 4 Pages. Does caffeine affect heart rate? Background Information: Caffeine is psychology, a bitter white crystalline xanthine alkaloid that acts . as a psychoactive stimulant drug. A German chemist, Friedrich Ferdinand Runge, discovered it in 1819. Plants produce caffeine as an insecticide. It is found in varying quantities in student the beans, leaves, and fruit of over 60 plants, where it acts as a natural pesticide that paralyses and kills certain insects feeding on the plants. Cocoa in South America, coffee in Africa. Ambulatory blood pressure , Blood pressure , Caffeine 1573 Words | 6 Pages. of Submission: November 28, 2012 Experiment No. 1 ISOLATION OF CAFFEINE FROM TEA I. Introduction Caffeine is a . very common substance and is found in coffee, tea, soft drinks, chocolate, and psychology stay-awake pills such as Vivarin.

It can be synthesized or isolated from student protests natural sources. Caffeine constitutes approximately 4% of tea and coffee leaves, and is also found in cola nuts and cacao beans. Caffeine is a member of the class of compounds organic chemists call alkaloids. Alkaloids. Caffeine , Distillation , Evaporation 1380 Words | 5 Pages. Extraction of Caffeine from Tea Leaves. English Approach To Same Sex Marriage? Extraction of Caffeine from 1968 Tea Leaves Department of ref generator Biological Sciences, College of Science University of Santo Tomas Espana, Manila, . 1028 ABSTRACT: Caffeine is a white crystalline xanthine alkaloid that acts as a stimulant drug. Caffeine is protests 1968, found in psychology research methods varying quantities in the seeds, leaves, and fruit of protests 1968 some plants. It is most commonly consumed by humans in infusions extracted from the seed of the coffee plant and the leaves of the tea bush, as well as from various foods and drinks containing.

Caffeine , Chemistry , Melting point 1526 Words | 5 Pages. Extraction of English to Same Caffeine from Thea Sinensis. Extraction of student protests 1968 Caffeine from Lipton Yellow Label Teal Leaves Arlie Bamiano, Jealine Bernabe, Petrenne Caimbon*, Jhia Caso Department of . Discussion Alliances Operating Airline Industry? Biology, University of protests Santo Tomas Abstract In order to ref generator, extract pure caffeine from Lipton Yellow Label tea leaves, several extractions and phase transition techniques were employed to 6.5029 grams of sample. Initially, the tea leaves were boiled in water to extract tea from the 1968, leaves (Solid-Liquid Extraction). After extracting the tea, several steps of. Caffeine , Green tea , Laboratory glassware 1592 Words | 7 Pages. Isolation of caffeine from tea leave.

Isolation of Between Physical Activity Prevention, Progression of Dementia caffeine from tea leave Abstract:- Introduction:- Caffeine is student 1968, probably the most commonly used addictive drug. . This drug is found in Discussion Alliances in the Airline Industry a number of things ingested by protests 1968 people. It belongs to a group of nitrogen bases called purines. Because caffeine possesses these base-like properties, it is described as an alkaloid. They usually taste bitter and often are physiologically active in Sex Marriage Essay humans. Student 1968? The structure of caffeine is shown below. English Law’s Approach To Same Sex Marriage Essay? Figure 1: Structure of student protests Caffeine In this experiment. Caffeine , Chemical substance , Chemistry 699 Words | 2 Pages. Extraction of Caffeine from Discussion Alliances in the Tea Leaves. Extraction of Caffeine from Tealeaves Perez, Albert Solomon K.*; Quiambao, Marie Angela C;.Pascua, Hanna Harriette R.; Patricio, Maria Roxanne . DC.; 2-Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, College of Science University of Santo Tomas Espana St., 1015, Manila Abstract Caffeine is soluble in both water and organic solvents, solid-liquid extraction and liquid-liquid extraction were used in the experimentation process.

Caffeine was extracted using hot water, however, due to its. Caffeine , Camellia sinensis , Green tea 1798 Words | 7 Pages. Effects of student Caffeine After Cardiovascular Exercise. establish a correlation between caffeine intake and the effects it has on Surrounding Global Alliances Operating in the Airline, both the pulse and respiration rates of an individual after . undergoing moderate-intense cardiovascular exercise. Caffeine itself is one of the most heavily consumed drugs on the planet; it is estimated that over protests, 90% of Americans consume caffeine daily (Richard Lovett, 2005, New Scientist iss. 2518) and is the most widely used stimulant in the world (Arcerio, P, Ormsbee, J, 2009, pg. 1).

Caffeine stimulates the brain and behaviour. Alternative hypothesis , Blood pressure , Caffeine 1577 Words | 6 Pages. Activity And The Onset And Slowed Progression Of Dementia? Extraction of student Caffeine from Thea Sinensis. Extraction of Caffeine from Thea sinensis Abstract Extraction of Caffeine from Thea sinensis main objective is to isolate, . purify characterized caffeine from tea leaves. Sublimation technique was used to get the % yield which is 0.07%. The melting point of the standard caffeine with the sublimate is 229C. Introduction The active ingredient that makes tea and Surrounding Global Operating in the Airline coffee valuable to humans is caffeine . 1968? Caffeine is an alkaloid; a class of naturally occurring compounds containing nitrogen and. Caffeine , Coffee , Green tea 1695 Words | 6 Pages. Isolation of ref generator Caffeine from student Tea Leaves.

Extraction of Caffeine from Lipton Tea Leaves Nathaniel Camangon*, Kaila Bumagat, Franz Mari Burgos, Remigio Callanta Department of . Chemistry, College of Science, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines Abstract This experiment mainly focuses on the extraction of pure caffeine by multiple extraction from commercially acquired tea leaves and antony and cleopatra determining its purity by melting point determination. Student? A 0.02% yield of pure caffeine was obtained from 10.4978g of tea leaves (4 tea bags). Caffeine , Green tea , Liquid-liquid extraction 1966 Words | 6 Pages. Surrounding Global Alliances In The? Caffeine Extraction from Tea Leaves. Extraction of student 1968 Caffeine from Tea Leaves Marc Tugaoen, Kristine Vanzuela, Rafael Villanueva, Justeen Wong Department of Chemistry, University . of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines Abstract This experiment has been divided into 4 set-ups, first was the Order and Revolution, solid-liquid extraction, next was the liquid-liquid extraction, then the sublimation and last was the melting point determination. The solid-liquid and liquid-liquid extraction were both done during the protests 1968, first meeting, the DCM layer was filtered and. Caffeine , Coffee , Green tea 1390 Words | 5 Pages. Extraction of Caffeine from Tea Leaves. the extraction of caffeine from tea leaves to determine its % caffeine . The extraction process selectively dissolves one or more . Psychology? compounds in a mixture into an appropriate solvent. In this experiment, it was visible in the process wherein the components of the tea leaves were dissolved in two solvents, water and dichloromethane (DCM), with DCM used for multiple extractions. 1968? The organic layer was evaporated and the determined % caffeine was 0.12%. Furthermore, the purified caffeine was subjected to.

Black tea , Caffeine , Camellia sinensis 2313 Words | 7 Pages. Caffeine Content of Food and Drugs. Caffeine Content of Foods and Drugs Product Serving Size 1 Caffeine (mg) 2 OTC Drugs NoDoz, maximum strength; Vivarin 1 . tablet 200 Excedrin 2 tablets 130 NoDoz, regular strength 1 tablet 100 Anacin 2 tablets 64 Coffees Coffee, brewed 8 ounces 135 General Foods International Coffee, Orange Cappuccino 8 ounces 102 Coffee, instant 8 ounces 95 General Foods International Coffee, Cafe Vienna 8 ounces 90 Maxwell House Cappuccino, Mocha 8 ounces 60-65 General. Caffeine , Chocolate , Coca-Cola 675 Words | 3 Pages. Isolation of methods Caffeine from a Tea Bag.

Experiment 11b: Isolation of Caffeine from a Tea Bag October 12,2012 Purpose: The objective of this experiment is to extract . Protests? caffeine from ref generator tea bags using the method of extraction. After the caffeine is extracted it is then compared to the nutritional facts amount per serving on the tea bags box. Supplies: Glassware: 1. 50.0 m L graduated cylinder 2. 150.0 mL beaker 3. 2-glass stirring rod 4. 6-test tubes 5. 2-glass pipettes 6. 2-50.0 mL Erlenmeyer flasks 7. glass funnel Hardware: . Caffeine , Erlenmeyer flask , Fleaker 1774 Words | 6 Pages. Extraction of Caffeine from student protests Tea Leaves. EXTRACTION OF CAFFEINE FROM TEA LEAVES ABSTRACT Caffeine extraction from the commercial tea leaves (Lipton Yellow Label . Tea) that was done is multiple extraction. 4 tea bags were used in the experiment; tea leaves were weighed having 8.5333 grams. The leaves were boiled in a beaker with 150ml of water; the German Order and Revolution Essays, aqueous tea extract was transferred in a seperatory funnel mixed with DCM (20ml), done thrice. The DCM layer was washed with 20ml 6M NaOH in protests the seperatory funnel; the organic layer. Caffeine , Chemistry , Coffee 1109 Words | 5 Pages. Effects of Caffeine and Nicotine on Lumbriculus Variegatus. Effects of The Relationship Between Activity and Slowed Caffeine and Nicotine on Lumbriculus variegatus INTRODUCTION An experiment was conducted to study and explore the circulatory . system by exposing Lumbriculus variegatus, black worms, to protests, household drugs.

Lumbriculus variegatus was chosen as the experimental organism because of their transparent bodies and their simple physiology. Their transparent bodies help the experimenters to easily see their pulse. Another reason for choosing this specific organism is their body structurelarge. Arithmetic mean , Caffeine , Coffee 1795 Words | 5 Pages. Extraction of Caffeine from and cleopatra Tea Leaves. Extraction of student protests caffeine from Lipton tea leaves Maria Gianna Beatrice L. Cancio*, Joe Mari Isabella B. Caringal, Rowena A. Chiang, Patricia . Deanne del Valle Department of Biological Sciences, College of research methods Science, University of student 1968 Santo Tomas, Espana, Manila, Philippines Abstract Caffeine was extracted from Lipton tea leaves by multiple extraction techniques namely solid to liquid extraction and liquid to English Law’s to Same Essay, liquid extraction; the purification by sublimation and melting point determination. Three. Student? Caffeine , Liquid , Liquid-liquid extraction 2197 Words | 7 Pages.

Extraction of Caffeine from Tea Bags. Extraction of caffeine from tea bags ABSTRACT Caffeine extraction from the commercial tea leaves (Lipton Yellow Label Tea) . that was done is multiple extraction. 4 tea bags were used in Physical Activity Delayed and Slowed Progression of Dementia the experiment; tea leaves were weighed having 8.5333 grams. The leaves were boiled in a beaker with 150ml of water; the aqueous tea extract was transferred in a seperatory funnel mixed with DCM (20ml), done thrice. The DCM layer was washed with 20ml 6M NaOH in the seperatory funnel; the organic layer was dried. Black tea , Caffeine , Camellia sinensis 2408 Words | 7 Pages.

Isolation of Caffeine from tea leaves. ?Organic Chem. Lab EXPERIMENT 11: ISOLATION OF CAFFEINE FROM TEA LEAVES COMPOUND PROCEDURE Preparation of . Student Protests 1968? Tea Solution: We started out experiment by weighing out 5.023g of tealeaves and analysis 2.008g of calcium carbonate powder. These two substances were mixed with 50ml of water and student 1968 heated under gentle reflux in a round-bottom flask using a condenser apparatus. The hot solution was then filtered and the filtrate was collected and cooled. Extraction and German Order Essays Drying: . Benzene , Caffeine , Distillation 1341 Words | 5 Pages. Extraction of Caffeine from student protests 1968 Tea Leaves. Extraction of The Relationship Between Physical Activity and the Prevention, Delayed and Slowed of Dementia Caffeine from Tea Leaves Santos, Raphael, Samson, Nonia Carla, *Tabora, Brylle, Tan, Kate Michal Department of Biological . Student 1968? Sciences, University of German Order Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines Abstract Tea leaves are natural products that are harvested from agriculture. Caffeine , on the other hand, is a stimulant that has been shown to speed up the student, time of reaction, increase alertness, and improve ones concentration. What we did in this experiment was to extract the alkaloid caffeine content from. Alkaloid , Caffeine , Chemistry 631 Words | 3 Pages.

Extraction of Caffeine from Tea Leaves. Abstract: Caffeine , (C8 H10 N4 O2) a white, crystalline alkaloid known as a nervous system stimulant found commonly in tea leaves and German Essays coffee, . Protests 1968? can be extracted using the method of sublimation with the ref generator, use of Methylene Chloride (CH2Cl2) and Sodium Hydroxide; both can repeatedly rinse the green (unroasted) coffee beans from the caffeine . Keywords: Caffeine , Methylene Chloride, Sodium Hydroxide, Anhydrous Sodium Sulfate I. Introduction Caffeine is an alkaloid of the methylxanthine family. Its chemical. Caffeine , Coffee , Dichloromethane 1191 Words | 4 Pages. Effect of Caffeine on Heart Rate in Daphnia. Practical 1.1 Introduction: Caffeine belongs to a class of student protests 1968 compounds called methylxanthines and can block a receptor on the surface of . heart muscle cells for adenosine. In fact, it is Between Activity and the Prevention, Delayed and Slowed Progression, caffeine's blockade of the A1 adenosine receptor in the heart that causes the heart to pound after a significant caffeine dose. Student? Caffeine and Between Physical Activity and the Prevention, Progression of Dementia similar compounds also inhibit a class of enzymes known as cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases.

These enzymes are, in part responsible for degrading a stimulatory signal produced. Adenosine , Adenosine receptor , Brain 1288 Words | 4 Pages.

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Sample Pilot Resume Samples, Examples, and More. View All Sample Pilot Resumes: Need a sample pilot cover letter too? Click Here to see some examples. Before you can hope to secure a professional flying position, youll need to make yourself (and more importantly, your qualifications) known to potential employers. To accomplish this, its imperative you develop an protests 1968 outstanding pilot resume. While some job hunters downplay the importance of a well-developed curriculum vitae (CV), a professional pilot resume is Order and Revolution, critical if you wish to succeed in the fiercely competitive commercial aviation industry.

A word of warning: crafting a professional pilot resume is not something youll be able to accomplish in an afternoon. Nor will you nail the perfect CV without significant edits and revisions along the 1968 way. To stand out antony and cleopatra character analysis, amongst the flood of applications that airline recruiters receive, youll need to devote significant time and effort to creating a nearly perfect pilot resume. Why spend so much time on a single document? Quite simply, because your efforts will be one of the first impressions youll make on an airlines hiring staff.

Its also one of the easiest ways you can stand out from the competition. Student Protests 1968. Regardless of how badly some fliers want to become pro pilots, a significant number seem to skimp on their pilot resumes. Their lack of in the Airline Industry, effort will show; while your attention to detail will earn you bonus points as applications are evaluated. Do a quick internet search and youll find sources claiming each pilot resume gets 5-30 seconds of a recruiters attention. With such a limited glance, youll want to make each precious second work in student protests 1968, your favor. To accomplish this, plan on spending significant time developing a clean and to Same Sex Marriage, aesthetically pleasing format.

The layout and appearance of your pilot resume will count as much (if not more) as the information presented in the document. Sample Pilot Resume Paper Stock and Color: Unless otherwise specified by a particular company, use 24 lb, 100% cotton paper for your pilot resume, cover letter, and associated documentation. Color wise, white and ivory are generally accepted throughout the industry. Student Protests. In some cases, cream-colored or light grey stock is also accepted. Antony Character Analysis. Many applicants claim that using a slightly off-white hue is an easy way to stand out student, from the Surrounding Global Alliances Operating in the Airline masses. Student Protests. However, before you venture too far from white, make sure the company in Approach Sex Marriage, question accepts the color youre considering. Above all else, remember that aviators are a conservative bunch.

Peacocking might work on the social scene, but standing out with your stationery is the surest way to get your paperwork thrown out. Remember: the student protests key is to stand out social methods, without standing out. Sample Pilot Resume Font and Type: When selecting font size and type, remember that the protests overall message you want to project is and Revolution, one of conservatism. 1968. Leave the swirling scripts for the liberal arts crowd and select a simple, legible font. Personally, Ive done just fine by sticking to 12-point Arial throughout my career, though Times New Roman, Cambria, and similar scripts will probably do just as well. The only place Ive ventured to try a different style is for my name in the heading section (24-point Monotype Corsiva). Ive found this script adds a bit of personal style to my pilot resume (and name) without being gaudy. The bottom line: there is no exact formula or perfect script for your pilot resume.

Unless a company is known to ref generator, prefer a specific font, try a few variations that maintain a conservative yet aesthetically pleasing appearance. You might even want to create multiple versions of your pilot resume, each of which utilizes a slightly different font style/size. Solicit input from student protests 1968 family, friends, and colleagues on each design. If one version garners significant praise, youll probably leave a similar impression on pilot recruiters. Sections, Headings, and Bullet Points: One of the Global Operating in the Airline Industry challenges youll encounter while constructing your pilot resume is how to avoid a boring, dry-as-dust appearance when youre limited to a single page of black on white. The trick here is to make effective use of headings, sections, bullet points, bold type, italics, and protests, even white space. Note the English Approach to Same word effective in the previous sentence. Using any of these for no particular reason will likely detract from your pilot resume and leave reviewers unimpressed. For a pilot resume, youll probably have 4-6 primary sections, each with a corresponding heading.

Common sections will include flight time, certificates ratings, education, work history, activities/awards/miscellaneous, and protests, an objective section (each of Sex Marriage Essay, which will be discussed later). You might also have additional sections, depending on 1968, the particular job youre pursuing. Again, while there is no hard-and-fast rule here, youll want to draw attention to each section while maintaining a clean appearance. After extensive trial and Between Activity Progression, error, I opted simply to use bold type for each heading, which I listed on the left side of the student protests page. Law’s Approach To Same Sex Marriage Essay. Corresponding descriptions and information was listed to the right of each heading, continuing down the protests page to the subsequent section. This layout allowed me to Discussion Surrounding Global Alliances in the Airline Industry, maintain a clean, logical flow of information while avoiding a cluttered appearance. However, my format is student, far from the only suitable alternative. You might find that bold, italics, underlining, or a combination of antony and cleopatra character, formats works best for you. Experiment with a variety of student, options until you find a format (or three) that serves you well. Sample Pilot Resume Calling Attention to Your Info.

In addition to ref generator, the headings, youll want to find a way to break up the student protests body of your pilot resume. Nothing will lose a readers interest faster than line after line of uniform black ink. To keep readers engaged and draw their attention, youll need to vary the format of the information you present. The most effective way Ive found to do this is through the use of bullet points. Except for the objective section, every other part of my pilot resume incorporates bullet points to some extent. In each case, the Surrounding Alliances Operating in the Industry bullet points serve to break up, highlight, or otherwise organize the information presented. In some sections, I use secondary bullet points to delineate subsets of protests 1968, information. To Same Sex Marriage Essay. Without such points, the body of my pilot resume would be a confusing mass of jumbled black ink. For organization, all sections of my pilot resume utilizes the same type of primary bullet point (dark circles), with secondary bullet points (diamonds) aligned one tab to the right. Such a format helps maintain continuity of appearance throughout the document. Bold, Italics, and Underlining: Other effective techniques for breaking up your pilot resumes content are to alter the appearance of parts of the text.

Throughout my pilot resume, Ive sprinkled bold, italics, and underlining to work in concert with tabs, headings, bullet points, and white space. The key here is to student protests 1968, use each option sparingly . Too much of any effect will detract from your pilot resume and leave an to Same Sex Marriage Essay undesirable impression on the recipient. Remember, the protests 1968 point of each option is to Discussion Global Operating Industry, make the protests highlighted text stand out! Only use these options to the extent they accentuate the information you dont want the reader to miss. For pilots, a common temptation is to highlight flight experience and certificates/ratings.

Avoid the urge to do this. If youre applying for a piloting position, the recruiters already know (or at least, expect ) you meet the minimum aeronautical experience and certification requirements. The purpose of these sections is to Physical Activity Prevention, Delayed Onset Progression, allow the protests 1968 recruiters to quickly verify that you meet the ref generator companys minimum qualifications for the position in question. Unless your flight time and/or ratings are uniquely impressive, this section really wont make you stand out from most other applicants. Instead, save the protests special fonts for analysis info that is unique to you and likely give you an edge on the competition. As with most rules, there are exceptions to the no-highlight rule for student protests 1968 flight time and social research methods, ratings. The most common is if you possess a type rating in the aircraft for student protests 1968 which youre applying to fly (Southwest, anyone?). If youve served as a check airman , pilot in command (PIC) , or have other type-specific knowledge most other applicants will lack, by all means let the and cleopatra analysis recruiters know! Without such specialized training, stick to your standard format for these categories. Blank Space can Speak Volumes: An often-overlooked technique for articulating your pilot resume is through the use of blank space.

Trust me; nothing will make a recruiter cringe more than border-to-border text from top to bottom. Remember, you likely have just 5-30 seconds to make an protests 1968 impression. Your goal is to antony, persuade the reviewer(s) that you deserve an interview, not to recount your life story. When properly utilized, blank space can be one of the most effective techniques for making your pilot resume stand out. As Ive said before, there is no one format that will trump all other designs. On my pilot resume, Ive found that a one-inch margin on protests 1968, the left and psychology, right sides (smaller for student protests top and bottom edges) has worked well. Additionally, Ive made it a point to include at least one blank line between each section of the pilot resume (and in some instances, within sections) to minimize clutter. The left column of my pilot resume (the headings) goes even further, with significant white space between each section heading. With this format, the reader can instantly see where each section begins and ends. Unless otherwise specified, your pilot resume should be just one page long (single-sided). Dont try to antony analysis, skirt this guideline by using legal paper.

When applying to North American companies, use letter size (8.5? x 11?) stock. For overseas employment, A4 paper (210 mm ? 297 mm ) is the student international equivalent. Not enough (or too much) room? Thats a very common concern among job applicants. If youre just entering the workforce, you might find it challenging to antony and cleopatra character analysis, fill an entire sheet. Experienced workers often lament that they cant fit all the necessary info into such a tiny space. Student. Wherever you are along the English Approach to Same Essay spectrum, well examine the protests essentials for Between Physical Activity Prevention, Delayed Onset a pilots pilot resume, as well as material that can usually be omitted. Items to Include on student 1968, a Pilot resume.

Objective: Read a few online employment articles and youre bound to see authors, interviewers, and HR experts claiming that an objective section is obsolete and should be omitted from your pilot resume. Antony And Cleopatra Character Analysis. Personally, Ive always included an objective on student protests 1968, my aviation pilot resumes. Based on ref generator, the percentage of callbacks and interviews Ive gotten, including an protests objective doesnt appear to be detrimental. And Cleopatra Character Analysis. Besides, this section is usually just one line and when written effectively, can boost your chances of securing an interview. Download an example of student 1968, a pilot resume to antony and cleopatra, the right of the page. My rationale behind listing an objective is to let the student protests recipient know exactly what Im after. If you want a pilot job, bear in mind that the recruiters (depending on the company) might review applications for analysis a number of different departments and positions. You dont want your paperwork to end up in the flight attendant or aircraft mechanic stacks, do you? With a single line in the top section, you can help ensure your paperwork gets to student protests, the right place. Wont your flight time and ratings make it obvious youre applying for a pilot position?

Ideally, yes. Law’s Approach Sex Marriage Essay. However, bear in mind that the reader will likely spend just a few seconds glancing over protests your paperwork. With an German objective, you reduce the chances of any confusion that can result from a quick scan of the document. A Word of 1968, Warning: An objective section can be a double-edge sword. The key is to make effective use of ref generator, this line. You wont impress anyone (quite the opposite) by simply writing Pilot Position here. The key is to protests 1968, be specific. Are you looking to work as a flight instructor, charter pilot, demo pilot, banner pilot, first officer, or pilot in command? Let the reviewer know exactly what youre after. Ref Generator. Also, make sure you tailor each objective section to student protests 1968, the specific company thatll be receiving your pilot resume. If the company operates several types of Law’s Approach to Same Sex Marriage Essay, equipment and/or flies from several locations, you might want to include the model/hub for which youre applying.

Dallas-based Boeing 737-700 First Officer Position communicates a great deal of information to the reader. In one line, they know your desired base, aircraft, and student 1968, seat. This also shows that your pilot resume has been developed specifically for them. However, you dont want to be too specific if youre just looking to get your foot in ref generator, the door. XYZ Airlines Entry-level First Officer Position would be a better choice if youre willing to accept whatever base/aircraft comes available. Hours and Ratings: Though well discuss these together, they should actually make up two separate sections of your pilot resume. I use Flight Experience and Certificates for these section headings, but feel free to develop your own effective titles.

A common mistake here is the urge to include everything youve ever done in an aircraft. However, remember that you have only student protests 1968 one 8.5? x 11? sheet and 5-30 seconds to communicate 4-6 sections of info. The trick here is to include only the The Relationship Between Physical Onset and Slowed ratings and flight time that relate to the position youre seeking. In most cases, youll want to list your total time, pilot in command (PIC) hours, turbine experience, multi-engine time, and IFR hours. Additionally, night hours and experience as an instructor might be good to include as well (depending on the position sought). However, youre unlikely to impress anyone by listing instruction received, airplane single engine land (ASEL), day, VFR, or non-cross country hours. Student 1968. Second in command (SIC) time is generally only antony character analysis impressive if its used to demonstrate turbine, multi-engine, Part 121, or Part 135 experience. In all cases, ask yourself, Is this time relevant/impressive for 1968 the position Im seeking?. If the answer is no, you probably dont need to include it on your pilot resume. While youre at it, remove any certificates/ratings that dont apply to the position.

Though you might be experienced in gliders, helicopters, and seaplanes, these ratings wont do much if you want to fly Boeings or Airbuses for a living. Instead, use your pilot resume to highlight turbine, PIC, multi-engine, Part 121, and Part 135 experience you have, as well as any type ratings you hold. If you hold a flight engineer (FE) rating or have passed the FE written test, only include these for companies that operate equipment requiring FEs. Likewise, if youre only Global Alliances Operating in the interested in student protests 1968, a pilot slot, dont advertise that you hold an AP certificate. Multiple Pilot resumes for Multiple Purposes: Throughout your career, youll need to adjust your pilot resume as you climb the career ladder. Early on, you might even include all your flight experience and ratings (landing your first CFI job) before cutting back to Part 121 turbine PIC (major airline applications) later in your career. If you pursue multiple aviation jobs, develop a separate pilot resume for CFI, FE, Part 135, Part 121, and AP work. Additionally, be sure to update each document as you gain experience, either at set intervals (i.e. every six months) or whenever you achieve a major milestone (earned ATP certificate). We have plenty of sample pilot resumes for CFI, Corporate, and German Order and Revolution Essays, Airline Pilots for all of our active members, which you will gain access to once you signup for a full account.

Ratings in Progress: In a few instances, it makes sense to list flight time and knowledge exams for ratings youre currently pursuing. Protests 1968. The most common case for this is while pursuing your first regional airline job. Many regionals require applicants to antony and cleopatra, have passed the student protests ATP written exam prior to employment. Even if the company youre pursuing doesnt require this, its still a good idea to demonstrate your commitment to attaining your ATP. Additionally, at this level you should consider listing your progress towards the aeronautical experience requirements (night, cross country, IMC, etc.) for the ATP rating . Doing so will allow the Law’s Sex Marriage Essay company to anticipate your upgrade eligibility. Note: Currently, Congress is considering legislation for a proposed 1,500 Hour Rule; which would require all Part 121 first officers to possess an ATP certificate. If it passes, regional airline FOs would be required to accrue at least 1,500 total hours (with certain exceptions) to protests 1968, become eligible for the ATP certificate (and Part 121 employment). August 2, 2013 is being given as a possible implementation date, so be sure to stay aware of Discussion Surrounding Global Alliances Operating in the Airline Industry, any developments and plan accordingly.

Employment History: Your work background is student 1968, another area where youll want to forego the urge to list your entire employment history. Instead, just include positions where youve served as a pilot and your current/most recent job. If you have a lengthy employment history, narrow it down to antony and cleopatra analysis, the 3-4 most relevant for your pilot resume. If the company wants more info on your employment background (they will), youll be able to fill in additional details on the companys application (discussed later). Unless otherwise specified, list your jobs in protests 1968, reverse chronological order. On my pilot resume, I include the research dates of employment (month year), company name, company location (city, state, ), and student 1968, a one-line description of my position/title. Though somewhat scant, this information has proved sufficient for pilot resume purposes. Once invited for an interview (or asked to submit the ref generator companys employment application), youll be asked to include phone numbers, physical/mailing addresses, supervisor names, etc. on the companys form. Minimal Employment History: If youre young and just entering the workforce, dont let an absence of student protests 1968, work background deter you.

At this stage, youll be applying for entry-level positions anyway (i.e. CFI), so most employers wont think poorly of you if youve only Discussion Surrounding Alliances Industry worked at student Burger King. Besides, theyll be able to determine from your education dates (discussed below) that you have probably been a student until very recently (or still are). When I applied for my first flight instructor job, I had a single minimum wage position to my credit. I still got hired, so this category doesnt carry a whole lot of weight early on. Gaps in Employment: Employment gaps are a common cause for Order Essays concern among job applicants, but they dont have to be the death knell of your pilot career. For at least four years now, the fragile economy has left significant numbers of workers unemployed for student protests 1968 extended periods of ref generator, time. If youve been out of student protests 1968, work for a while, rest assured this doesnt carry the stigma that it once did. The secret in dealing with employment gaps lies in how you present the situation. Thankfully, questions about employment gaps usually wont come up until after the recipient has reviewed your pilot resume and application.

If theyre bothering to call, it means theyre at least moderately interested in you (congratulations!). The key here is to explain how youve used the time off. Youll want to be able to show that youve been productive during this period of unemployment. Perhaps you added instrument and multi-engine ratings to your CFI certificate. Maybe you completed the ATP and Discussion Surrounding Global Airline Industry, FE written exams, obtained your FCC Restricted Radiotelephone Operator Permit, and lost 40 pounds to student 1968, ensure you can pass a Class 1 medical exam. Whatever you do, have something positive and productive to say about how you spent this time. If you can offer a confident and Physical Activity Delayed Onset and Slowed Progression of Dementia, unapologetic answer, youre likely to student, convince the interviewer that this gap is not a big deal.

Education: Youll definitely want to antony and cleopatra character, include your post-secondary education on your pilot resume. List your highest degree (PhD, masters) first and work down to any lesser degrees (bachelors, associate) you may hold. If you have more than one degree at protests a particular level (i.e. two bachelors), list them in reverse chronological order. In this category, be sure to Discussion Operating Airline, include at least the dates of attendance, name location of the student protests 1968 school, degree(s) earned , and your GPA (plus the grading scale used). If you graduated with any honors ( summa cum laude , Deans List, etc.), or awards (i.e. Ref Generator. academic scholarship), be sure to list them too. Such items show potential employers: 1. Protests 1968. youre trainable 2. Surrounding Global Alliances Operating Industry. people think youre worth spending money on. Is a Four-Year Degree an Absolute Necessity? The short answer to this question is: yes. Though youll generally be able to student 1968, find work at antony character analysis entry level positions, lack of a bachelors degree will hinder your advancement up the aviation career ladder.

Without at least a bachelors, your odds of securing a pilot job at a major airline are extremely slim. Why the emphasis on education? In many ways, the airlines view a degree as evidence of your trainability, devotion, and ability to protests 1968, commit your time and effort for an extended period of time. Its one way for them to gauge how youll perform as an employee of their company. To an extent, a college degree also helps them thin out the competition. And Cleopatra Character. In such a highly competitive industry, its yet another measure to determine which applications make it into the short stack. Will an advanced degree (PhD, masters) give you an student advantage over the competition? While theres certainly no downside to earning advanced degrees, Ive yet to Order and Revolution Essays, hear of it giving any significant advantage to pilot applicants. Most airlines are happy with a bachelors, regardless of the field in which its earned.

If you choose to pursue an advanced degree, do so for reasons other than merely strengthening your pilot resume. Is an Aviation Degree Advantageous? From personal experience, I can say that majoring in aviation doesnt give you any noticeable advantage over the competition. Both my associates and bachelors degrees are in aviation, neither of which has ever proven to be overly beneficial in my pursuit of flying jobs. In fact, majoring in aviation has been one of those decisions I wish I could do over. Before I put anyone off college aviation programs, let me be perfectly clear that there is protests 1968, absolutely nothing wrong with majoring in aviation. My college courses were informative and enjoyable, and The Relationship Physical Prevention, Progression of Dementia, I came away with loads of valuable knowledge.

My reasons for 1968 wishing Id chosen another field have to do with backup options. By studying nothing but aviation, I effectively placed all my eggs in the same basket. Since my college days, the aviation world has experienced 9/11 and the global economic crisis, both of which dealt major blows to the professional pilot industry. Many professional pilots earn their degrees in business, accounting, engineering, or any number of psychology, unrelated fields while earning their pilot certificates on the side. Protests. All non-aviation-major pro Discussion Operating, pilots Ive shared the student cockpit with have been just as safe and knowledgeable as my fellow aviation majors. They also have a huge advantage in that, should a furlough occur (and at ref generator some point in protests 1968, your career, its all but guaranteed), they have a specialized set of skills to fall back on. Should it become necessary to work outside of aviation for a while, these individuals have more options than someone like me. Activities, Awards, and Miscellaneous Info: Compared to German Essays, other categories, this pilot resume section is usually the first to be cut when space becomes an issue. While this section is perhaps the most optional of those weve discussed, it also offers ample opportunity to set yourself apart from the masses. What sort of info should you include in this section?

Generally, youll have just a few precious lines in which to tout your accomplishments. Make sure anything listed here portrays you as an upstanding individual and student, a real standout amongst potential employees. Ref Generator. If it doesnt, its probably not worth space on the page. Community/Charitable Involvement: Ive yet to hear of an interviewer that doesnt admire pilots who give back to society. If you do anything for the betterment of humanity, its probably worth including on your pilot resume. Examples for this section can include: building houses with Habitat for Humanity, providing air transportation through Angel Flight, initiating community recycling programs, missionary work in protests, developing nations, organizing blood drives, or anything else that involves donating your time and efforts.

To be effective, your volunteer efforts should be something you do long term. If your pilot resume shows youve only been a member/participant for Approach to Same Essay three weeks, interviewers will probably see this as a ploy to 1968, pad your pilot resume. Likewise, you need to be an Between Activity and the Prevention, and Slowed Progression of Dementia active member for student protests 1968 such activities to count in your favor. If youre an social research officer or founder/organizer, so much the 1968 better. If you just sign up and disappear for months on end, youre not going to Law’s to Same, win any points with airline recruiters. Awards and Honors: Awards you receive through school, work, or community involvement can be valuable additions to your pilot resume. Are you an student protests Eagle Scout, Valedictorian, or Rotary Club award recipient?

If so, let potential employers know! Such achievements are definitely worth drawing attention to Discussion Surrounding Global Operating in the Airline Industry, (bold, italics, etc.), as theyre a great deal less common than most other listings on your pilot resume. Specialized Knowledge/Foreign Language Aptitude: If you speak a foreign language, potential employers will certainly view you favorably. With the ever-increasing globalization of student protests 1968, society, multilingual abilities are in high demand in Law’s Approach to Same, nearly all fields. Aviation is no different, and your pilot resume is one of the places you can promote your aptitude to student 1968, potential employers. Regardless of Physical Activity Prevention, Delayed Onset of Dementia, other skills you might have, language aptitude will surely work to protests 1968, your benefit.

Before you proclaim yourself a polyglot, let me further define the requirements for pilot resume inclusion. In order to claim foreign language proficiency, you need to be fluent (or at the very least, conversational ) in the language in question. If your skills are limited to Alliances Operating, a dozen phrases you learned for your last vacation, forego promoting this on your pilot resume. The last thing you want is to get a surprise phone call from the airline in which they test your ability. Worse yet, you dont want to get called out in front of a room full of interviewers. Unless youre completely confident in your conversational abilities, dont list foreign language skills on student, your pilot resume. Avoiding the Circular File. While the primary purpose of antony character analysis, your pilot resume is to secure an interview, you also want to take every precaution to avoid having your paperwork thrown out. Student Protests 1968. This is ref generator, where small mistakes can wreck your chances of employment. Though many of these errors will seem perfectly obvious, they continue to plague job applicants throughout the industry. Spelling/Grammar Errors: If you do nothing else, triple-check your pilot resume for simple errors.

Regardless of student protests, how impressive your credentials might be, they wont make up for a pilot resume thats loaded with typos. Dont rely on psychology, your computers spell checker to catch all mistakes either. Look up any words youre not 100% sure about. Student. Have at least three other people proofread your docs (ideally English majors/teachers). Pore over every letter on the page multiple times.

Simple errors can lurk nearly anywhere, though none will improve your odds of a job offer. Inaccurate Dates/Addresses/Numbers: Youd be surprised at psychology how many job seekers dont bother to verify the info they list on their paperwork. Many appear to guesstimate GPAs, employment dates, and all matter of numbers-related info. While it takes time, its absolutely imperative that you verify everything listed on your documents. Airline recruiters WILL conduct background checks, and any surprises will only protests 1968 hurt your chances. Addresses, phone numbers, and emails do change from time to time.

Make sure all such info on your pilot resume is current at Order Essays the time of protests, submission. Not sure of your exact employment dates? Call former employers and Prevention, Delayed Progression of Dementia, verify what they have listed. Cant remember when you earned your degree? Any colleges records department can look this up for you. Though it might cost you a few hours, ensuring the student 1968 accuracy of your information is critical to advancing in the hiring process. Embellishments: Nothing will do you more harm than claiming credentials you dont have. Surrounding Alliances Operating Industry. While we all want to look good for potential employers, asserting falsehoods can do irreparable damage to your career. Student Protests. A single instance will have an airline believing youre untrustworthy, which could even get your name blacklisted. Antony. Additionally, bear in mind that professional aviation is student 1968, a very small community. People talk, so a mistake you make at Global Industry one company can easily follow you elsewhere.

Whatever you do, NEVER claim a credential unless you can prove you truly possess it. If youve stuck with me this far, you know that a professional pilot resume is critical to succeeding as a pro pilot. This single document is the foundation upon protests, which so much of social methods, your career success will be based. Just as you wouldnt skimp on your flight training, be sure to devote the necessary time and discipline to crafting an outstanding pilot resume. For those of you who are still skeptical, let me provide a little firsthand experience as to how important a professional pilot resume can be.

In the dark days following 9/11, I was a recent college grad competing for protests 1968 a CFI job in a market saturated with unemployed aviators. Social Psychology Research. On one occasion, I received an invitation to interview for a job I had found online. During the interview, the hiring manager said I was one of seven individuals invited to interview out of over 250 (and climbing) applicants. Though I didnt get the job, I beat out over student protests 1968 97% of applicants based entirely on my pilot resume. A few months later, I received an ref generator invitation to student 1968, interview for another CFI position. I later learned the company in question had received approximately 800 applications for and Revolution the four open slots. Eighty received brief phone interviews, 12 were invited to protests, personal interviews, and I was one of the four interviewees offered a job. Again, my pilot resume alone was responsible for placing me ahead of at methods least 90% of the student 1968 competition. Follow the guidelines Ive mentioned in English Approach to Same Sex Marriage, this section and student, you too can give yourself a competitive edge over the masses. Get more sample pilot resumes and psychology research, examples when you signup for a full account for as little as $19.95 a month.

Click here for protests 1968 details. Also, check out our sample pilot cover letter which you will obviously need when applying to potential employers.

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MA in Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) Whether you're just thinking about applying for the MA TEFL Program, or you've received your acceptance letter to 1968, join us, you're sure to have many questions. Here are answers to some of the most frequently asked questions. Basic information about the MA TEFL Program. 1. What makes this program different from the other MA TEFL programs?

#8232; Bilkent's program differs from other MA TEFL programs in that students complete their graduate course work and ref generator, MA theses entirely within an 11-month period. Our program is protests 1968, also distinguished by its foreign-educated faculty, its excellent library collection, and support from the Fulbright Commission and the U.S. Embassy. In addition, all enrolled students devote 100% of their time to their MA studies, rather than divide their attention between MA course work and teaching. Ref Generator. One other distinguishing feature is that for many years, MA TEFL students have had the opportunity to apply for a travel grant/scholarship to attend the annual TESOL convention in student protests 1968, the U.S. One student per German and Revolution Essays year has been funded to attend the convention, as a representative of the Bilkent MA TEFL program. 2. Exactly how demanding is the student protests, MA TEFL Program?#8232; This program demands a lot of its students. Students need to be able to balance simultaneously the assignment load from five challenging graduate classes each semester, and the work associated with conducting research and writing a high-quality MA thesis.

To complete all program requirements, it is essential that students be able to give their undivided attention to the program - from the Surrounding Operating in the Industry, moment it starts in protests, September, until it ends at the end of the following July (exact dates change every year). The demands of the program make it impossible, therefore, for students to continue their teaching or other jobs during the 11-month period. Discussion Global Alliances Operating In The. We also recommend that students with families discuss the intensive nature of the student protests 1968, program with family members to make sure that everyone understands fully how the program may affect their daily routines. 3. How many students are accepted to Discussion Surrounding Global Alliances Operating in the Airline, the program each year? #8232; We currently accept around 15 students each year. 4. How strict are MA TEFL program professors?#8232; The MA TEFL faculty take their jobs very seriously. They are strict in the sense that they expect all students to complete every assignment on time and to student, the very best of their abilities, to ref generator, attend every class, and to conduct themselves in a professional manner.

At the same time, the MA TEFL faculty do their best to student 1968, contribute to a friendly and supportive atmosphere in the program, and always make themselves available to help MA TEFL students in whatever way they can. 5. Is it true that some Turkish universities do not accept Bilkent's MA-TEFL diploma when graduates of the character analysis, MA TEFL program apply for a Ph.D. program because the Bilkent program is completed in only a year?#8232; The Bilkent MA TEFL Program is widely respected. Our graduates have gone on to Ph.D. Student 1968. programs not only in Turkey (e.g., at Hacettepe, Middle East Technical, and Law’s to Same, Bo gazici Universities) but in England and the United States as well. 1968. It should be noted that depending on the requirements of the particular Ph.D. program, MA TEFL graduates, from Bilkent or any other university, may be asked to take additional classes as part of their Ph.D. course of study.

6. Who is eligible for a Bilkent scholarship and what does the Discussion Surrounding Global Alliances in the Industry, scholarship involve?#8232; Currently, all Turkish students working at state institutions, who are accepted into protests, the program with the Physical Delayed and Slowed Progression, support of student, their home institutions, are eligible for a scholarship. The scholarship generally covers full support for tuition. For those coming from outside of Between Activity Prevention, Onset of Dementia, Ankara, it also usually covers on-campus lodging in a dormitory. The scholarship does not include the cost of materials (books/ photocopying), food, or transportation. The MA TEFL Program application process. 1. What qualifications must all applicants to the MA TEFL program have?#8232; To be admitted to the Bilkent MA TEFL Program, an protests applicant must have at least two years experience teaching English as a Foreign/Second language, a score of 60 on English Approach to Same, the verbal portion of the ALES exam, and a good undergraduate grade point average (for example, 2.75 out of 4.00, 70 out of protests, 100). International students must have a GRE combined score of 950 total (or a new GRE combined score of 295) and 3.5 for analytical writing (rather than an ALES score). 2. What exactly are the roles of the ALES score, the statement of purpose, the reference letters, and GPA scores on ref generator, the overall evaluation of the student, applicants?#8232;

Each of these plays a role in determining admission to the MA TEFL Program. While the ALES (or GRE) exam and CGPA requirements represent minimum standards for graduate students required by YK and Bilkent University, the MA TEFL faculty considers the Order and Revolution Essays, statement of purpose and student protests 1968, recommendation letters for evidence of applicants' ability to complete the program successfully. 3. German And Revolution Essays. Can I apply even if I don't have a 60 on the verbal part of the ALES?#8232; As noted above, the ALES requirement is student, a minimum standard mandated by the program, generally in line with university and Global in the Industry, YK requirements. Because of this, we cannot be flexible about student 1968, it. 4. Is it possible to fill the application form by hand (in hand writing)?#8232; No. Social Psychology Research Methods. All applications must be completed online at 5. Must ALES scores be submitted by the application deadline?#8232;

No. If you are scheduled to take the ALES exam on a date that falls after the deadline for application materials, please submit all other application materials by the deadline. On your application form, please indicate when you intend to take the ALES exam and include a photocopy of your ALES registration form. The application review process will continue but a definite acceptance to the program cannot be issued until an protests official ALES score is received. 6. What is more important in the reference letters that are included with application materials: the social research methods, level of English-language sophistication of the writers or the ideas and support expressed in 1968, those letters? #8232; The MA TEFL faculty expect to gain important insights from the recommendation letters. We hope to German Order and Revolution, learn about protests, how others view your ability to complete a rigorous graduate program and about the support of your institution for research methods your attendance. Thus, the more informative the recommendation letters are, the protests, more helpful they are to us in making our admissions decisions. We want to know about your intellectual and academic strengths and how these have been displayed in your previous studies and work. We are more concerned with those types of insights than the level of sophistication of the English used in the letter. We understand that this kind of letter is not necessarily common in The Relationship Between Physical Activity and the Delayed and Slowed, all contexts.

Thus, it may be helpful if you shared specifically what we are looking for with the people who you ask to write for you so that they can respond best to our requirements and support your application as strongly as possible. 7. Student Protests 1968. Can students who have not been accepted to the MA TEFL program reapply?#8232; Yes. English Law’s Approach Sex Marriage Essay. Students who have been turned down for admissions can reapply to the MA TEFL program as many times as they like. You've been invited to join the student, entrance exam? #8232; What to expect on exam day. 1. Are all applicants invited to take the entrance examination? #8232; No. There are many factors that come into play when we decide who will be invited to take the entrance examination.

The application materials that are sent in, for the first phase of the process, are examined carefully to identify applicants who can then move on to the English to Same, second phase of the process. The entrance examination represents the 1968, second phase of the application process. Applicants who do not meet minimal requirements and who do not have clearly indicated support from their home institutions are not invited to take the entrance examination. 2. What exactly does the entrance examination involve?#8232; The entrance examination is a full-day event. English Approach To Same Sex Marriage. Examinees take an English proficiency test (somewhat like the TOEFL), as well as a 45-minute essay writing exam. Student Protests 1968. In the antony and cleopatra analysis, afternoon, students take part in a group task and are individually interviewed for approximately 20 minutes by one MA TEFL faculty member. 3. Is there anything special that I should know to be able to pass English language proficiency test, given as part of the entrance exam?#8232; Because the test given is an English language proficiency test, it is not tied to any particular course program or syllabus. Thus, there are no specific materials to be studied in preparing for it.

You may want to think ahead of time about appropriate test-taking strategies, like time management, to help you prepare for student the testing process. 4. What is the essay exam like? Is there any way I can prepare for this part of the entrance exam? The essay exam involves a response to a question/prompt on some aspect of English language teaching. Forty-five minutes are allotted for completion of the ref generator, essay. 1968. Your response to Order, the prompt should reflect your knowledge and experience as a teacher. Protests 1968. In judging the exams, we look for evidence of your ability to The Relationship and the Progression, write adequately to meet the writing demands of student protests, this program.

We are not looking for ref generator specific references to theories or names in the field. #8232;#8232;As with other parts of the entrance exam, there is no specific material to be studied to prepare for the essay exam. We do recommend that you plan to use your time wisely, giving yourself the opportunity to plan your response, write, and student protests, then revise it. 5. Will the English Law’s Approach to Same, questions in the interview ask for protests 1968 theoretical knowledge or practical knowledge gained through experience?#8232; The interviews are not aimed at discovering any particular theoretical knowledge. We are interested in your experiences as a teacher as you recall them. We will be looking for antony and cleopatra analysis signs of maturity, a commitment to teaching, organization, as well as general knowledge about English language teaching. We will also ask some questions to student 1968, gauge your ability to cope with personal issues in relation to the rigors of the Law’s to Same Sex Marriage, program.

6. Will any applicants be eliminated after the morning exams? #8232; We try to 1968, interview as many applicants as possible because of the insights that personal contact with applicants supplies us. However, if there are large numbers of applicants, it may be necessary to eliminate some candidates based on the morning test results. 7. Are there any books or reference materials that may help me develop my skills for the tests at Bilkent University?#8232; No.

The tests are proficiency tests and thus are not linked to any particular materials or syllabus. Thus, there are no books or reference materials that you should consult before the interview. The best preparation is a positive attitude and the continued development of your English language skills. Preparing to join the English Law’s Sex Marriage, MA TEFL Program. 1. What will be expected of me to be successful in 1968, this program?#8232; You will be expected to work hard! Your weekly coursework will involve extensive reading, and, frequently, the preparation of short written assignments. You may also have mid-term and final exams, and various long written assignments or extended projects, depending on the course and professor.

At the same time, you will gradually be preparing your thesis. This involves identifying and then narrowing down your research topic, carrying out an extensive review of the related literature, writing up a thesis proposal, conducting data collection, writing a 5-chapter thesis (between approximately 80-100 pages, not including references and appendices), and defending the thesis in front of a thesis committee. Excellent time management skills are obviously very important for success. 2. And Cleopatra Character Analysis. What courses will I be required to take?#8232; Please consult this website for information about course requirements. 3. Student 1968. What equipment do you advise me to bring with me to Bilkent?#8232;

Although Bilkent University has extensive computer laboratory facilities open to methods, all students, it is strongly recommended that MA TEFL students bring their own computers with them. Having your own computer will allow you greater freedom to work outside of the department, and at the times of your choice. Because most course assignments need to be typed and the thesis, of course, needs to 1968, be typed, having access to a computer is very important. 4. What are Bilkent University accommodations like?#8232; The dorm rooms are located on campus and the university supplies regular service buses from dorm facilities to classroom areas on campus. Dormitories have kitchen facilities (including a stove and refrigerator, with tables and chairs) that students can use when they want to cook their meals and prepare snacks. If you are provided a dorm room as part of your scholarship, you will be in a shared room with up to character analysis, three other students. If you wish to pay for a private dormitory room, you may choose to do so. 5. Student. To what extent am I supposed to have computer skills?#8232;

You should be comfortable with word processing. Any experience with SPSS will be a help. 6. And Revolution. Is there any need to think about potential research topics before starting the program?#8232; It would be very useful to identify general areas of interest to yourself (through reading journals like the student 1968, TESOL Quarterly or looking at The Relationship Physical Prevention, Progression the topics of previously written theses in protests 1968, TEFL) or to your department (by asking your program coordinator/director about research areas that might be of particular value to your home institution). And Cleopatra. It is not necessary, however, to determine a thesis subject before you arrive, and student, you do not need to conduct any preparatory research before starting the program.

---- Bilkent University has a beautiful campus. If you consult the Bilkent website, you can see a map of the campus and its facilities, including an excellent sports facility and concert hall. Nearby, within walking distance, is a large shopping center with a supermarket, appliance store, movie theater, bookstores, banks, plus much more. The University has many concerts and other free-time activities for students and faculty. The Bilkent website also includes information about these extracurricular activities.

The university also provides excellent transportation around campus and into ref generator, Ankara free of charge to student protests 1968, students and faculty.

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Adhd Research Paper (Argumentative Essay) Another common opposition to ADHD is the medications used to treat it. Student Protests 1968? People wonder why hyperactive children are being treated with stimulants. The side effects of stimulant medications seem to not be so positive and don't seem to be acceptable for a child with ADHD. Side effects such as motor tics, insomnia, and loss of appetite are all commonly seen among stimulant medications. Stimulant They may say the child is always on the go or never seems to listen. Many children with ADHD are difficult to discipline, have low frustration tolerance, and have problems in peer relations. Other common characteristics of psychology research methods, children with ADHD include general immaturity and clumsiness. Although signs of ADHD are often present in the preschool years, their classification often doesnt take place until the elementary school years (Kirst-Ashman, Zastrow, 2004).

Global Warming Argumentative Paper. The more people habituating the planet, the more potential there is for emission of green house gasses. In short, the 1968, basis of social research methods, this argument other than years of protests, documented research and scientific discovery is what harm could we do by research methods, being more conservative in student 1968 our use of energy and other entities that produce more than their share of psychology methods, green house gasses? The answer as it stands now is none. The harmful effects of ignoring this crisis are all but proven fact. Antithesis: The problem that the protests, you can work together on a cost-conscious plan. If all those choices still do not work, you could consider having your student work half the year to save up for English to Same Sex Marriage, traveling and then travel for the remaining half of the year. I hope after reading this paper you will be more open to the idea of taking a gap year before attending college. Protests? There are so many decisions to make about your future career and Sex Marriage Essay, what you want to spend the student protests 1968, rest of Approach to Same Essay, your life doing so whatever it may be, the decision should be chosen

The second article, A Team-Based Junior High School Inclusion Program, (1997) looks at a research study that was performed to determine the reactions of parents to the ideas of the inclusion program. The parents of 17 students with learning disabilities and 1 with a behavior disorder were interviewed after their children were in the first year in the junior high inclusion program. Student? For the majority, the parents felt that this was a positive program and believed that it should continue. Order And Revolution? They believed Plus, the other eight showed how important the 1968, involvement of parents really is. Ref Generator? Parental involvement has become so important, that there have been many studies conducted on the effect of the involvement. Research has shown that parents can increase children's academic success through involvement with schools and communities. Parental involvement improves student morale, attitudes, and academic achievement across all subject areas. Thus, by getting involved, parents reduce children's risk However, those professional athletes competing in sports with a good deal of protests, physical contact are in harms way of experiencing multiple concussions during their career as an athlete.

According to recent research, scientists have discovered a neurodegenerative disease also known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy or CTE (Hard Knocks: The Science of Concussions). This disease was found in the brains of former athletes who have died mainly boxers and football players (What is German and Revolution Essays, CTE?). These athletes Argumentative Research Paper: Parents Responsible for Childhood Obesity. Parents need to realize that they are putting their own childrens lives at jeopardy by student protests, making them more likely to develop diseases later in life. In todays society, technology has played a big role in everyones lives and has taken over. Kids today stay inside and and the Delayed and Slowed, play on the computer, watch TV, play video games, or mess with tablets and smartphones. Student 1968? Several people find other, more entertaining things to do than play outside and be active. Some of the social research, times, physical education in schools is Research Statistics and Psychology Paper. The scientific method is student 1968, simple; it is like doing a science project in school. Research Methods? First you need to have a question, it can be anything you want, then you need to create a hypothesis, what you think the outcome or answer is protests 1968, going to be, next comes the research, you need to find facts or data that will help you prove your hypothesis, now you must test your hypothesis to see if it is true or not, next you analyze all the data from the tests and finally you have a conclusion that tells you if the original Essay on The Impact of and cleopatra, a Label: ADHD. towards adhd, depression and 1968, learning disabilities.

Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 13(4), 234-241. In this article from the Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, Pote and Bellanca (2013) explore childrens attitudes towards ADHD other Learning Disabilities from English Approach a conative (measure of social distance) and cognitive (measure of protests 1968, positive or negative attributes ascribed to a person) perspective. The results of their study showed that characteristics associated with ADHD can Assisted suicide looks good and innocent on The Relationship Between Activity Prevention, Onset Progression, paper, but the legalization of mercy killing carries a dark side. Once that door is protests 1968, opened, it may not be easily closed. Regulations can be in place but fraud is rampant in insurance and in the medical field no matter how much it is regulated. In Taking Sides, Clashing Views in Lifespan Development, a statement is made that directly shows the slippery slope of legalized assisted suicide; In the words of an psychology methods, Australian politician, when we are past our

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essay period cheat frequency, methods, and causes. Mikaela Bj?rklund and Claes-G?ran Wenestam. ?bo Akademi University. Department of Teacher Education, email: or Paper presented at the European Conference on Educational Research, Lahti, Finland 22-25 September 1999. During the past decades cheating among undergraduate students has been a well-known problem difficult to gain knowledge of.

European research in this field of research is scarce. Protests 1968! The aim of this paper is to present a study, investigating the frequency of cheating, the cheating methods used and the students#146; motives for cheating or not cheating in a Swedish-Finnish university context. Comparisons with other higher education contexts were possible since an anonymous questionnaire, worked out and analysis, used by Newstead, Franklyn-Stokes and Armstead (1995), was translated into student, Swedish and used in the study. The participants were three groups of university students (n=160) from different academic disciplines. The findings implicate that cheating among undergraduates is common and mainly is a problem of ref generator ethic character. The paper also discusses consequences of student cheating for the university staff, legislators, and student, society. Suggestions on what measures should be applied are presented along with suggestions for further research in this area. During the past decade, problems concerning cheating among undergraduate students have become increasingly apparent in academic institutions in the Nordic countries. Cheating or academic misconduct is, however, not a new phenomenon, but a well-known problem in many European countries, as well as in the United States of America. Because of the ethical and social, moral character of the student protests 1968 problem it is not easy to do research in this field. Obvious problems are i.e. student integrity.

Thus, academic dishonest behaviour and cheating is a familiar problem for any university, but it is Law’s Approach Sex Marriage, often not very well known and sometimes the protests university authorities do not even want to know of it. Keith-Spiegel (in Murray, 1996) shows that among a sample of almost 500 university professors 20 percent reported they had ignored to take further measures in evident cases of cheating. Many university teachers obviously hesitate to ref generator, take action against cheating behaviour because of the stress and discomfort that follows (Murray, 1996). Also Maramark and Maline (1993) suggest that faculty often choose not to involve university or departmental authorities but handle observed cheating on an individual level, making it invisible in student protests 1968, university documents and, thus, unknown to the university authorities. Also other findings support the reluctance to bring dishonest academic behaviour like cheating before the university administration.

Jendreck (1992), as an example, concludes that students preferred to Order and Revolution, handle the problem informally rather than by using formal university policy. Probably at least partly because of the reasons mentioned above European research in this field is still scarce (cf. Student! Newstead, Franklyn-Stokes Armstead, 1995 and Ashworth et al., 1997). Nevertheless, we feel that it is of the utmost importance that this area of research is further developed in Discussion Alliances Industry, the near future, not the least since students tend to student protests 1968, see cheating as a more or less normal part of their studies, which is illustrated in the quote below: Students beliefs that everyone cheats (Houston, 1976, p. Psychology Research Methods! 301) or that cheating is a normal part of life (Baird, 1980) encourage cheating.

The adage cheaters never win may not apply in the case of academic dishonesty. With cheating rates as high as 75% to 87% (e.g., Baird, 1980; Jendreck, 1989) and detection rates as low as 1.30% (Haines et al., 1986), academic dishonesty is reinforced, not punished. (Davis, Grover, Becker McGregor, 1992, p. 17) With detection rates as low as 1,3 % it is hardly surprising that students to protests, a great extent perceive academic misconduct as worth while and even approved of. As an illustration of the low detection rates; during a five year period (1991-1995) only 24 students were brought to the disciplinary board for cheating at one Swedish university (Grahnstr?m, 1996). It is, hence, of importance to university staff and analysis, administrators, as well as to legislators and society as a whole to student protests 1968, gain insight in this matter, in order to be able to do something about it. The aim of the study. The main aim of the study presented in this paper is to provide a first step in a survey over university students#146; cheating, i.e. to investigate the overall frequency, different methods and main reasons for cheating and Discussion Surrounding Alliances Airline Industry, not cheating among students in a Finnish context. The study is intended as a starting point for further in-depth research in this area. In order to student 1968, get a better understanding of the problem, the aim is also to relate the and cleopatra analysis outcome to subjects#146; backgrounds in terms of student 1968 sex, age, academic experience (number of study years), faculty belongings, level of difficulty, level of study success and English Law’s Approach to Same Essay, main reason for study at the university, in protests, order to get a deeper understanding of student cheating behaviour.

To make comparisons with other contexts possible an anonymous questionnaire, worked out and used by the British researchers Newstead , Franklyn-Stoked and Armstead (1995), was translated into Swedish and used in the study, which was carried out on 160 university students during the spring of 1996. I this presentation we focus attention on: a) the frequency of admitted cheating, b) what kinds of cheating is Discussion Surrounding Global Operating in the Airline Industry, most frequent in relation to student protests, the British results, b) the relationship between frequency of admitted cheating/not admitted cheating and sex, c) the reasons selected for or against Discussion Alliances Operating Airline Industry cheating in student 1968, relation to the British results, and. d) the relationship between the reasons selected and sex. It is very human to try to Approach to Same Essay, find ways to solve problems as easy as possible or to avoid unnecessary difficulties. Sometimes a creative mood is not only wanted but also morally supported, but in other situations it is considered as dishonest and shameful. In higher education this kind of creativity may be in conflict with study performance and productivity and may turn out to be viewed upon with disapproval or contempt. How define cheating? Plagiarism related to the exam situation is what is usually referred to when generally talking about cheating. It is also this kind of behaviour that has received most attention in research on protests cheating.

Defining cheating is, however, much more complicated than that, since cheating seems to involve both a moral and an achievement dimension, which is German Order and Revolution, graphically illustrated in Figure 1 below. Figure 1. Graphic presentation of the protests 1968 problematic grey-zone between moral and immoral behaviour. The levels in the achievement dimension are not absolute, but dependent on Surrounding Global Operating the perspective of the viewer. The area between the dashed lines symbolises the grey-zone that exists concerning the classification of potential cheating behaviours. Definitions of cheating also vary as a result of variation in moral development, experiences of studies, influence of significant others, studying strategy (cf. Miller Parlett, 1973) and probably also other factors. The result is protests 1968, a wide spectrum of definitions ranging from liberal to conservative. Hence, the ref generator need for normative documents is apparent. Evenso they do not seem to exist, at least not in Finland. Nowhere in the legislation concerning exams and cheating is it mentioned what kind of behaviours constitutes cheating. The examples above illustrate what a complex problem cheating is.

In the 1968 study presented in this paper all not strictly correct behaviours were classified as cheating for clarity#146;s sake. To what extent does cheating occur? Most of the research done concerning the amount of cheating occurring, has, as mentioned earlier, been carried out in the USA. Ref Generator! The quotation below provides examples of the cheating-rates measured in different studies in a North American context. The reader ought to student protests, observe that these studies were different in design; concentrated on ref generator different behaviours and therefore some of the variation in the percentages might be accounted for in that way, and thus can not only protests 1968 be taken to convey a steadily increasing rate of cheating. Drake (1941) reported a cheating rate of 23%, whereas Goldsen, Rosenberg, William, and Suchman (1960) reported rates of Law’s Approach Sex Marriage 38% and 49% for protests, 1952 and 1960, respectively. Hetherington and Feldman (1964) and Physical Activity Delayed Onset and Slowed Progression, Baird (1980) reported cheating rates of 64% and 76%, respectively. Jendreck (1989) placed the typical rate between 40% and 60% but noted other rates as high as 82% (Stern Havlicek, 1986) and 88% (Sierles, Hendrickx, Circle, 1980). Student! (Davis et al., 1992,s.16) Davis et al. (1992), pointing at the results presented above, regard cheating as epidemic.

There are indications that give some, but not very much, support to the epidemic theory. McCabe and Trevino (1996) found that the tendency to and Revolution, cheat had increased only little, from 63 percent in 1963 to 70 percent in 1990-91 but that the cheating methods had been more developed and the repertoire wider. Their findings may also be interpreted to mean that students who cheat are doing it more often than previous generations of students. Student Protests 1968! Three studies cited by Maramark and Maline (1993) suggest that cheating is a constant study technique among large groups of students (60-75 percent). Also Davis and Ludvigson (1995) found in a more recent study that the individuals who cheat during their university-level studies are the ones that also have cheated earlier in their studies. In a study by Baldwin, et al (1996), where 2459 medical students participated as subjects, 39 percent said they had witnessed cheating, 66,5 percent had heard about cheating, and 5 percent had cheated during their medical studies. Graham et al (1994) found that among 480 college students 89 percent admitted cheating and in a study by Lord and Chiodo (1995) 83 percent of the undergraduates investigated (n=300) admitted to cheating on significant tests and major projects. In a European context Newstead et al. Alliances Operating In The Airline Industry! (1995) also present high rates of protests cheating. In their study only 12% of the respondents claimed that they had not cheated. All the above mentioned figures are concerned with the number of ref generator cheaters, i.e. the number of 1968 students who have at least on one occasion been involved in antony and cleopatra, academic misconduct, they do not tell us anything about to what extent these people do cheat.

It is, however, likely that the more cheating is done, the more probable it is that the student numbers of behaviours used vary. It is therefore of importance to find out what kind of behaviours students utilise. What methods are used? There are four major kinds of groups to ref generator, be distinguished when classifying cheating behaviours, namely: Individual opportunistic, individual planned, active social and passive social (Hetherington Feldman, 1964). Baird (1980) on the other hand distinguishes only between individual and co-operative behaviours. The findings of Franklyn-Stokes Newstead (1995) point to extensive cheating in protests 1968, some areas like copying each others work, changing or inventing research data, while some other cheating behaviour like lying or changing persons at examination (impersonation) was fairly scarce (see Table 5). Hence, there seems to be a correlation between level of perceived seriousness of the behaviour and its frequency of Order Essays occurrence #150; the more serious the behaviour, the less frequent it is. Students tend to classify exam-related cheating as more serious than course-related cheating.

These classifications were also confirmed by Newstead et al#146;s results, where all exam-related items were among the least frequent and course-related items among the protests most frequent. McCabe and Trevino summarise their findings in a table showing what kind of Law’s Approach to Same Essay cheating and the frequency students admit they are engaged in. The modified table (below) shows the level of admitted cheating in 1963 and 1993. The two tests make a comparison possible. Table. 2. Kind of admitted student cheating in 1963 and 1993 (%) (McCabe and Trevino, 1996). Copied material without footnoting. Table 2 shows that some kinds of cheating are more frequent than other kinds. It is also interesting to find that in most of the student 1968 cases the tendency is an Discussion Surrounding Global Alliances Airline Industry increase of the cheating between 1963 and 1993. This does not necessarily mean, however, that the students were cheating more in 1993 than they did in student, 1963.

Another reasonable explanation is that the students were more prone to admit cheating in 1993 than the students were in 1963. These results are similar to findings in other studies but there are also findings suggesting cultural differences. Kuehn, Stanwyck, and Holland , for instance, asked students from Mexican, Arabic and US cultural backgrounds about cheating. The main focus was on three typical cheating behaviours: using crib notes, copying another student#146;s test, and Law’s Sex Marriage, allowing another student to copy course work. The findings suggest that there were differences between the culturally different groups of students in how they looked upon student 1968, and rated cheating. Also new technique, like the Discussion Surrounding Operating in the Airline Industry World Wide Web, is used by students in order to download papers, essays, etc produced by other students but presented to the examiner as own work. One illustration of this is a report from a Swedish university, where several students were found out using not accepted means for getting course credits among which the downloading of ready-made course works from the web was mentioned (Lunds Universitet Meddelar, 1998). Student 1968! Considering the variety of Discussion Global Alliances Operating in the Airline methods used in cheating, as described above, it is probable that also the reasons given for cheating are many. Reasons for cheating and not doing it. The reasons or motives for cheating are not very well known but must be assumed to student protests 1968, be complex.

In a North American study of school students cheating by Anderman, Griesinger, and Westerfield (1998) it is claimed that the schools#146; obsession with performance measures spurs cheating. Social Psychology Methods! It is suggested that classrooms that emphasise high grades and test scores may drive the students to cheat . Similar conclusions are reported from several investigations, where the students#146; workload is student 1968, found to be an important explaining factor (Lipson MacGavern, 1993). Davis et al (1992) point out that pressures for good grades in higher education, student stress, ineffective deterrents, teacher attitudes, and an increasing lack of academic integrity are important determinants of cheating. Baird (1980) previously reported similar findings. In that study 35 percent of the students stated that they had too little time for studying for the exam and 26 percent of the students said their working load made it necessary to Between Prevention, Onset and Slowed, cheat. In a study by Singhal (1982) as much as 68 percent of the students regarded the wish to student, get good results as the reason for cheating. Newstead, Franklyn-Stokes, and Armstead (1995) found that 21 percent of the Between Activity cheaters say it was lack of time to study that made them cheat and 20 percent explicitly stated that their cheating was a consequence of their wish to protests, get better grades. A third frequently occurring reason for ref generator, cheating was everybody else does it (16%), which effectively reflects students#146; attitudes towards cheating.

This reason was followed by the wish to help a friend (14%) and laziness (10%), which also says quite a lot about the risks of getting caught. It is obviously easier to help a friend cheat than to e.g. help the protests friend learn to an exam. Also Maramark and Order and Revolution Essays, Maline (1993), when looking for causes for cheating, found that stress, competition for jobs, scholarships and admission to post-graduate programs were important determinants. On a general level the student 1968 causes or explanations identified can be organised in two classes of factors, external, and individual/personal. In Table 1 below the two super-ordinate factors and some elements/reasons mentioned in research done by Baird (1980), Davis et al (1992) and ref generator, Hetherington Feldman (1964) are presented. Table 1. Presentation of factors that might lead to cheating mentioned by Baird (1980), Davis et al. (1992) and Hetherington Feldman (1964). Importance of the test. Level of test-difficulty. Awareness of the.

performance of fellow. A certain expectation of. Overcrowded, great classes. Wish to help a friend. Aversion to teacher. At a closer examination of the reasons mentioned by these researchers it seems obvious that the strongest reasons are to be found among the personal factors and that the protests external factors merely help to ease the cheating. The external factors are furthermore a welcome excuse for the students, since they appear to prefer blaming external factors for ref generator, their behaviour (Baird, 1980).

Anderman et al (1998) identified two general types of study approaches, which on a general level seem to student protests 1968, be similar to the deep and surface approaches to studying and learning. The cheaters tend to believe that the purpose of school is to compete and show how smart you are. Also, to them, what is psychology, most important, is doing better than others and 1968, getting the right answer. They also worried about school and made use of self-handicapping behaviours, blaming others and making excuses for psychology, not performing well at school, more often than their counterparts. Many of them believed cheating would result in less homework and student 1968, fewer academic demands. The non-cheating group of Law’s Approach Essay students, in comparison, expressed interest in their learning of science concepts and 1968, tried various problem-solving methods and sought to connect ideas. In several previous studies it is suggested that the effect of an English Approach to Same Sex Marriage explicit and student protests 1968, unanimously accepted honour code will lower the frequency of cheating behaviour (McCabe Bowers, 1994). But honour code may have an effect in two opposite directions. A very common reason for some types of cheating is the wish to The Relationship Between Activity and the Delayed and Slowed Progression of Dementia, help a friend (Franklyn-Stokes and Newstead, 1995; McCabe Trevino, 1996).

To many students some behaviours are not viewed as cheating although forbidden by the university or staff. For instance, letting a fellow student borrow or copy an individual course work or a written assignment or even have a look at the answer in a test may be regarded as honest and student, correct behaviour. Thus, some cheating behaviours may be explained by Surrounding Global Alliances in the Airline Industry, the honour code prevalent among the students. The most frequent reasons for not cheating were, in the study made by Franklyn-Stokes and Newstead (1995) that it is immoral/dishonest and that it is useless/unimportant. In their study these were the most frequent reasons for not indulging in academic misconduct regardless of sex and age. In later studies (Newstead et al, 1995) there were, however, significant differences between the age groups: the older students gave the reason immoral more often than their younger peers did. The 160 subjects participating in the study were recruited from protests 1968 three different groups of Order and Revolution Essays students. In Table 3 below, the student 1968 samples and some characteristics are presented. Table 3. Participants in the study. The collection of data was carried out at the university during ordinary lecture time. Operating In The! The students were asked to complete a questionnaire consisting of student protests 1968 questions about cheating behaviours.

The questionnaire was originally developed by Franklyn -Stokes and Newstead in the U.K. but adapted to meet the social psychology research methods needs of the Swedish-speaking environment in Finland. In their questionnaire a set of probable cheating behaviours (A-U) were presented to the student, who was asked to tell (Yes or No) if he/she had carried out that behaviour at least once. Student Protests! Two additional items were included in the questionnaire totalling the number of cheating behaviours presented to 23. Accompanying each question about cheating was a list of arguments (reasons) motivating or explaining the behaviour and a list of arguments giving reasons for not cheating. The subjects were asked to select one reason for English Law’s Essay, each Yes/No response. There was also a few additional questions asking about their reason to study at protests 1968 the university, their judgement of their study successfulness and about their belief about Discussion Global Alliances in the fellow students cheating. The questionnaire was distributed to the students during ordinary lecture time at the university. The respondents completed it immediately and anonymously. It took about 15 minutes to complete. The data was analysed by quantitative methods.

4. The result of the data analysis. The overall frequency of cheating. 75 % of the respondents in this study had engaged in at least one of the behaviours listed in the questionnaire. Protests! However, only Surrounding Alliances Operating Airline 63,5 % of them admit to cheating in the overall question at student protests the end of the questionnaire, even though no less than 91,9% report that they believe their fellow students cheat. Social Psychology Research Methods! The over all tendency to cheat only correlated with year of study (Spearman#146;s rho= ,160, P=.046), reason to study (Spearman#146;s rho= ,213, p=.012) and the respondents#146; estimation of how much other students cheat (Spearman#146;s rho= ,159, p=.046). This seems to student, imply that the over all amount of cheating is relatively stable, but that the antony character methods used vary depending on discipline of study, gender, age and success in studies, since there are some significant correlations for the individual items on 1968 the basis of ref generator these background variables. This study was not designed to study the moral development of the respondents, but the results do, however, point in one certain direction as far as moral is concerned. Student 1968! In Table 4 below, the reported tendency to Order and Revolution Essays, cheat is cross-tabulated with respondents#146; own evaluation of student protests 1968 their inclination to psychology research methods, cheat. Table 4. Protests! Cross-tabulation of the variables reported tendency to cheat and Order Essays, own evaluation of cheating inclination. Of the student protests ones who have reported that they never cheat 53,4 % have admitted to exercising at least one of the behaviours mentioned in the questionnaire, whereas 12,9 % of the ones of the opinion that they cheat rarely have not reported cheating on any of the behaviours.

A considerable amount of the students do seem to German Essays, cheat, even though they do not always consider what they do as wrong, which makes it interesting to study how they do it and which behaviours are the most commonly used ones. Cheating methods used. In this section the occurrence of the different methods listed in the questionnaire are presented. Observe that the behaviours listed in the questionnaire are various behaviours that can be regarded as cheating and dishonest behaviour, but do not necessarily need to be considered as such (cf. the definition of cheating used in this paper). Below, in Table 5 the protests 1968 students#146; responses to the behaviours described in the questionnaire are presented in Order Essays, order of frequency. The table also includes a classification of the behaviours as social/individual, and course-/exam-/research related, as well as the British results (Frankyn-Stokes Newstead, 1995). Table 5. The cheating behaviours listed in order of frequency.

The percentage of yes-answers to each cheating behaviour listed in order of frequency, starting with the most frequently used. The figure to the right is the percentage of positive answers received for the same item in the study made by Franklyn-Stokes Newstead (1995).The letters to the left represent the classification of the behaviour. The letters stand for research (R), coursework (C), exam (E), and individual (I), social (S) and altruistic (A). In Table 5 one can see that some cheating behaviours are more frequent than others are. The most frequent ones among the Finnish respondents are Copying material for course-work from a book or other publication without acknowledging the source, Paraphrasing material from another source without acknowledging the original author, Allowing own course-work to student, be copied by another student, and Copying another student's course-work with their knowledge.

These behaviours are admitted by more than 20 percent of the participating students. As mentioned earlier, these behaviours may be considered as academic misconduct. All of them may, however, be viewed as acceptable and research methods, even morally correct among the students, since they do not have negative consequences for the fellow student but may be regarded as help and support in difficult situations. In that sense it can be assumed that there exists a conflict between staff#146;s and students#146; social and ethical value systems, creating a moral borderline area where what is right and wrong are not easily delimited. From the bottom of the list we can observe that the least admitted behaviours are Inventing data (i.e. entering non-existent results into the database)and Kept silent about a teacher's misbehaviour or misuse of his/her position in order to get approval on a test or a higher mark. These behaviours were reported only by one respondent/ behaviour. The general nature of these behaviours seems to be different from the most frequent ones in that they are more directed to personal gratification. 1968! The behaviours also represent more active deception of teachers and fellow students in English Law’s Approach to Same, order to gain personal reward. It can be assumed that these behaviours are viewed as more morally disapprovable and student 1968, of low peer esteem. As also can be seen above, three of the behaviours do not occur at all in this study.

This is social methods, probably due to protests, the limited sample and perhaps also (judging from cryptic comments of the respondents) to fear of Approach to Same punishment. The students#146; responses to the items in the questionnaire depicting various cheating behaviours were in most cases similar for student 1968, the both sexes; that is, there are almost no differences between female and ref generator, male student#146;s responses in this respect. Student 1968! To two items, however, there were different reactions that are related to differences in sex. One of these items was Taking unauthorised material into an examination (e.g. Law’s! #146;cribs#146;). The outcome is presented in Table 6 below. Table 6 Relationship between students#146; responses to item Taking unauthorised material into protests, an examination (e.g. #146;cribs#146;) and students#146; sex. The result in the table indicates that there are clear differences between female and male students#146; ways of German and Revolution responding to the item suggesting cheating in 1968, the form of taking unauthorised material in the testing situation. Among the Law’s Approach female students only 2.6 percent admitted to the behaviour while 13.6 percent of the male students said #146;Yes#146; to having carried out the cheating. The differences are statistically significant (Fisher#146;s Exact Test, D.F.=1, p=.015). The second item where there were observed statistically significant ( c 2 =5.82, D.F.=1, p=.016) response differences related to 1968, sex was the item Signing as present a not present fellow student at antony analysis a course where obligatory attendance is asked for. This item was added to the original questionnaire.

The outcome is presented in Table 7 below. Table 7. Protests! Relationship between students#146; responses to Discussion Surrounding Global Alliances Operating in the Industry, the item Signing as present a not present fellow student at a course where obligatory attendance is asked for and students#146; sex. As can be seen in the table more than 20 percent of the female students admitted that they had signed on a fellow student at a lecture although he/she was absent. This can be compared with 4.5 percent of the male students admitting the same behaviour. Compared to 1968, the outcome in the previous table, there is a clear female dominance for this behaviour, while males more often than females answered Yes to the previous one. Another difference is that the total proportion of Yes-responses are much larger for the item Signing as present a not present fellow student at a course, where obligatory attendance is asked for when compared with students#146; Yes-responses to the item Taking unauthorised material into an examination (e.g. #146;cribs#146;) (se Table 6 above), showing the The Relationship Physical Activity and the Prevention, Onset and Slowed Progression of Dementia response variation between the items regarding the student protests tendency among the students to accept or not accept a specific cheating behaviour. The social #150;individual relation. In the following, the frequency of certain cheating behaviours are discussed in relation to the nature (see classification in Table 5 above) of the behaviour.

14 of the behaviours in this study were clearly classified as individual and 5 as social. The mean for yes-responses was 14,4 % for the social behaviours and Surrounding Airline Industry, 10,5 % for the individual ones. As for situation relatedness, the five most frequently used behaviours were clearly course related. The study only contained one item concerning research related cheating (R), and this was the protests 1968 ninth in order of frequency (10,8 %) and had mostly been used by male respondents at the age of German 21-23 successfully (16-24.99 credits/term) studying education . Exam related cheating was not among the most commonly used cheating methods, but 13,8 % of the respondents still admit using the most frequent of these behaviours. The clearly altruistic behaviours A and S were used to a greater extent by female respondents (A: 27,4 % and S: 8,8 %) than by men (A: 16,7 % and protests, S: 2,3 %, even though the reasons given for exercising this behaviour are not clearly altruistic. Reasons for cheating. Another area of interest to us concerns the reasons and antony and cleopatra, the arguments selected as explanations and sometimes also as excuses for the behaviour. In Table 8 below all the reasons used to motivate cheating are listed in student 1968, order of frequency. It should be remembered that the reasons available to be selected were generated by the researchers, but that the respondents also were given the possibility to express other reasons/motives. Ref Generator! These less frequent reasons are also listed in Table 8.

Regarding reasons given for not cheating the most frequent one (27.5 %) is the choice stating that cheating is 1968, immoral or dishonest. The reasons following in antony, frequency of appearance represent on a general level a completely different class of attitudes, since it may mean that the subject do not distance him/herself from cheating, only that it was not considered or regarded as useful (I never thought of it, 21.3 % and student protests, Situation did not arise, 19.5 %). German Order Essays! In the lower frequency range two reasons mirroring fear of detection and getting caught are found; Shame/embarrassment at being caught (1.3 %) and Fear of detection/punishment (1.4 %). In a way these reasons like the two previous ones are focusing the social condemnation for cheating and dishonest behaviour and are not clearly a statement against cheating. When looking at students#146; ways of choosing reasons for cheating or for student protests, not cheating there seems to character analysis, exist a strong connection with the cheating behaviour that is in focus. This means that the student choice of reason is to a large extent dependent on the particular behaviour that have been admitted to or not admitted to.

This topic will be discussed no further in this paper. In most cases, however, there are no obvious differences between female and male students#146; ways of selecting their reasons for their responses. Depending on what cheating behaviour is to be decided on, female and male students mostly make similar choices of arguments for their behaviour. In two cases, however, there exist statistical significant differences between the two sexes in ways of explaining the behaviour. The reasons chosen as an explanation or an antony and cleopatra argument for or against protests the behaviour Taking unauthorised material into an examination (e.g. 'cribs') are different between female and male students. In the table below the outcome is presented.

Table 10. Reasons for or against the cheating behaviour Taking unauthorised material into an examination (e.g. 'cribs')among female and male students. The outcome points to statistical significant differences (Phi and Law’s to Same Essay, Cram?r#146;s V =.404, p=.048) between the female and male ways of selecting the reason for student 1968, their behaviour regarding Taking unauthorised material into an examination (e.g. 'cribs'). First of all 7.1 percent of the boys have selected Fear of English Approach to Same Sex Marriage failure as a reason for 1968, this cheating behaviour while no girl have selected that reason. Approach To Same Sex Marriage Essay! Also It would be unfair to other students were chosen by protests, 4.8 male students but not one female student. Among the female students reasons like To increase the mark, Laziness, I would not know how to go about it and Situation did not arise/not applicable to my course were chosen by a few female students but no male student. A relatively large difference between female and male ways of choosing among the reasons for explaining the Yes/No-answer can be found for antony, reason I never thought about it, where 20.5 percent of the student protests 1968 female students selected that reason while it attracted only The Relationship Physical Activity and the Prevention, Delayed Onset of Dementia 14.3 percent of the male students. Also It would devalue my achievement was chosen by a larger proportion female students (8.0 %) than male students (2.4 %). The second statistical significant difference (Phi and Cram?r#146;s V=.348, p=.028) concerns the reasons chosen for item Taking an examination for someone else or having someone else take an student 1968 examination for you. The outcome is presented in Table 11 below. Table 11.

Reasons for Approach Sex Marriage, or against the cheating behaviour Taking an examination for someone else or having someone else take an examination for you. Protests 1968! among female and male students. In one case the Surrounding Alliances Airline male students have chosen a reason (Shame/embarrassment at being caught) that is not chosen by any female student. Large difference on the basis of student protests sex are found for the reason Situation did not arise/not applicable to my course, where more than 16 percent more boys have chosen that reasons for their behaviour. And Revolution! Two female students selected one reason that the male students did not choose, namely Fear of detection/punishment. Largest difference (18.7 percent) to student protests, the male students are found for reason I never thought of it, which was chosen by 33.0 percent of the female students but only 14.3 percent of the male students. Various methodological problems that have been discussed elsewhere (see Bj?rklund, 1997), are not mentioned here, since they do not seem to affect the reliability and validity of the results discussed. Ref Generator! There is, however, one point of importance as far as methodological bias is concerned and that is the fact that the instrument in this study was translated from English and a British context, which in some cases have called for adjustment and in one case yielded an erroneous translation (item L). The frequency of individual cheating behaviours in comparison to the British results. The over student 1968, all frequency of cheating reported in this study does not differ significantly from the ones reported by previous researchers, and can, hence, be taken as a further proof of the fact that the over all cheating rates seem to be fairly constant in the western word. What is more interesting is the ref generator variation in frequency on individual behaviours.

The most outstanding feature when comparing the frequencies reported by the Finnish respondents with the ones reported by protests 1968, the British, is that in most cases the British respondents have reported remarkably higher degree of Surrounding Alliances in the Industry cheating. Protests 1968! The greatest variation is to be found in items I (peer assessment), L (inventing data) , R (altering data) and A (allow copying of coursework). The great difference concerning peer assessment is probably due to differences in the academic traditions: Peer assessment is not very common in Surrounding Alliances Operating in the Airline Industry, the Swedish #150;speaking university level studies in Finland. Item L does not represent a real difference, since the item was erroneously translated into Swedish and protests 1968, , thus, measures something else. Research related cheating seem to be much more common in Britain, but the result might in this case be biased for faculty, since the studies were not conducted at the same kinds of institutions. Item A, concerning course work, is the top one of many items concerning coursework that exhibit considerable higher frequencies for the British respondents, which is probably due to the same kind/s of cultural differences as mentioned regarding item I. Only on item K (advance information about exam) was the result of the Finnish respondents higher than the result of the Essays British. The items concerning examrelated behaviours generally exhibit the smallest differences between the groups, which seems to indicate that exam conditions are more or less alike between the two countries. It is also possible to protests, claim that the results indicate that Finnish students seem to find examrelated cheating less serious than British, who , in turn, do not seem to regard research related cheating as particularly serious. In the The Relationship Physical Prevention, Onset and Slowed Progression Finnish results the social behaviours seem to be slightly more common, whereas the individual behaviours get a higher mean score in protests 1968, the British results (social 24 %, individual 20,8 %). This can be seen claimed to indicate that the British academic environment is more competitive than the Finnish, but it ought to be remembered that the ref generator mean score used here is a very crude measure.

Reasons for cheating in comparison to the British results. The most frequent reasons for student protests 1968, cheating mentioned by the Finnish students were time pressure, laziness and the wish to help a friend. And Cleopatra! The wish to help a friend and time pressure are also two of the three most frequent reasons mentioned by the British students, but they have mentioned the wish to increase the mark as the most frequent reason for cheating. Concerning this reason the difference between the two samples is remarkable (Finnish students 9,3 % and British students 33,3 %). Finns on the other hand contribute their cheating to laziness and extenuating circumstances considerably more often than their British peers, who, in turn, seem to student protests 1968, fear failure more and English Law’s to Same Sex Marriage Essay, also tend to justify their behaviour with the reason everybody does it. Out of these differences it is easy to create caricature image of the cheating British student as an ambitious person , who wishes to perform well and student, of the Finnish student who mainly cheats because it seems to be the easiest way to go about the studies. Considering the reasons for not cheating the British students seem to have two main reasons, which are used considerably more often than the other ones available; That it would have been pointless/unnecessary and that it would have been immoral/dishonest. The immorality aspect is mentioned as the and cleopatra most frequently used among the Finnish students, but the student protests second most frequently used is that the student never thought of it, closely followed by Approach to Same, the reason that the situation didn#146;t arise or wasn#146;t applicable. Again, then , the British students seem to be more focused on the outcome/the result of the 1968 cheating behaviour than the Finnish ones.

Even though morality is one of the ref generator most frequently used reasons for not cheating in both of the groups, the potential cheater-reasons, i.e. the ones giving I never thought of protests 1968 it, the situation didn#146;t arise and/or it was unnecessary/pointless, amount to about 50 % in German Order, both of the groups. Protests 1968! In connection to the fact that the reasons shame /embarrassment at being caught (1,3 % of Finnish answers, 0 % of British ones) and Operating Airline Industry, fear of detection/punishment (1,9 % of Finnish answers and 5,8 % of British ones) were used quite infrequently, this implicates that it is of the utmost importance to reduce the opportunities of successful cheating, e.g. by creating individual exams and other assessment tasks that demand creativity and originality, not just reproduction. Student Protests! The fact that embarrassment is such an infrequent reason also implicates that nether British or Finnish students feel responsible for the code of honour of their academic institutions. Hence, by ref generator, establishing a functioning code of 1968 honour one could most likely reduce the instances of cheating remarkably, since the socio-moral climate is known to affect the behaviour of students more effectively than their own level of moral development (MacCabe Trevino, 1996). The reduction of opportunities for successful cheating is, of course, the most immediate way of German and Revolution reducing cheating, but in the long run that measure will not suffice. According to the findings in this study and other ones (cf. Student! Davis et al, 1992) , there is a gap between the notions of morality and correctness as withheld by society and university staff and the notions of these phenomena withheld by the students. It is therefore necessary to spell out which the common rules are and The Relationship Between and the Onset Progression, also control that they are followed.

To go even further it is also important to stress the importance of moral education for student protests 1968, moral development in order to German Order Essays, secure a functioning society, presuming that that is what is what is wanted. Variations in student protests, cheating behaviour on the basis of the back ground variables. Contrary to previous research very few of the background variables seem to affect the tendency to cheat to a significant extent. This was, however, also the case for ref generator, Haines et al (1986, in Davis et al, 1992). Protests 1968! They came to the conclusion that it was because of the unproportionality concerning sex and year of study in the sample, which also seems to be the case in this study. Except the gender differences on some items, mentioned in the results, there were, however, also weak, but statistically significant positive correlations between the overall tendency to cheat and year of study, the perception of how much other students cheat and reason for studying. This result implies that academic misconduct, at least to some extent, may be epidemic and that students#146; reasons for not cheating are gradually worn down when they see fellow students cheat, without being caught. Psychology Methods! The reason for 1968, studying is also of considerable importance, when discussing cheating rates. An obvious way of reducing cheating in and Revolution Essays, our faculties would be to ensure that only student 1968 intrinsically motivated students are accepted. The question is then: How do we control for Order Essays, that, and student, do we really want to; It is all linked to the kind of professionals we want to educate. Summary of implications.

Academic staff can no longer presuppose that students know and behave according to unwritten moral rules or an inner code of honour. One, obvious way of reducing cheating in universities is then to spell out what rules and codes the Between Physical Activity Prevention, Onset and Slowed students are subjected to. Such a document ought, however, to be carefully thought out and produced in co-operation with the students, in protests, order to establish it as a code of honor2, otherwise it will only fill the purpose of a list of potentially successful cheating behaviours. According to previous research, students#146; moral behaviour and ethical reasoning seems to develop under continuous education. I am convinced that this influence can be made stronger through focused attention to the area and an open ethical dialogue, not in any specific course, but as every teacher#146;s concern. This would create a good socio-moral environment for moral development, which is Essays, what universities ought to foster in their students, since that is something they will need in their everyday life as well as in their professional activities, and of which society will benefit or suffer in the long run. Even though the personal factors causing or preventing cheating are probably the primary ones, it is also a good idea to try to reduce or eliminate the student external factors that seem to cause cheating. One of the major external reasons for German Order and Revolution Essays, cheating was time pressure.

That ought to be quite easily remedied through courses/ supervision in studying technique and discipline, as well as a better co-ordination of courses and exams between university staff. It is also up to the staff to really check that the rules they give are followed. Such a behaviour signals that the rules are judged as important and might awaken conscience in 1968, the students, or at The Relationship Delayed Progression of Dementia least make the cheating alternative less attractive and easy to carry out. In this case it is, in fact, most important to catch the small fish. Davis and Ludvigson in turn present a twofold way of reducing cheating in the long run, namely by a) using positive reinforcement and student 1968, b) by encouraging and fostering the students to acquire an German outlook on life that will prevent them from cheating. The results of this study are particularly serious from a societal point of student view, since it involved future teachers, theologian and economists. What kind of and Revolution Essays teachers does the 1968 society of today want? Is it possible for a teacher who does not regard cheating as wrong to teach pupils high ethical and moral standards? Or should the comprehensive school only The Relationship Between Physical Activity and the Prevention, Onset and Slowed Progression strive to teach knowledge and 1968, skills? The compulsory schoolteachers are of strategic importance, since they are the ones who ought to Physical Activity Delayed, start the process of moral development, if academic freedom is to be a reality in the future. Lax morality among economists and teologians is, however, no less serious than among teachers.

If those particular groups in student 1968, society are not to methods, be trusted, then who? In the protests long run that will produce an antony analysis even greater disbelief in authorities, eventually resulting in community breakdown. In order to be able to deal with the problem in student, an efficient manner it is necessary to reach the causative factors, which probably are best reached with a flexible and qualitative approach. To understand delicate and inaccessible phenomena like the one at hand it is important to benefit from as many sources of knowledge as possible; an interdisciplinary approach would probably be most adequate. It is also important to realise the problem with truthfulness. In this study it was generally found that the students tended to answer the The Relationship Physical Delayed and Slowed of Dementia questionnaire with less anxiety, when it was stressed that the researcher was a fellow student and student, not a member of the university staff. Anderman, E, Griesinger, T, Westinger, G. (1998). Motivation and cheating during early adolescence. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90 , 1, 84-93.

Ashworth, P. Discussion Surrounding Industry! Bannister, P. Student 1968! (1997). Guilty in whose eyes? University students#146; perceptions of English cheating and plagiarism in academic work and assessment. Student! Studies in Higher Education, 22 , 2, 187-204. Baird, J.S. Jr. (1980). Current trends in college cheating. Social Psychology! Psychology in the Schools , 17 , s. 515-522. Baldwin., DeWitt C., et al. (1996). Student Protests! Cheating in Medical School: A Survey of Second-Year Students at 31 Schools.

Academic Medicine; 71 , 3, p267-73. Bj?rklund, M. Antony And Cleopatra Character Analysis! (1997). 1968! Akademiskt fusk #150; F?rekomst, metoder och orsaker. En enk?tunders?kning bland studerande vid Svenska handelsh?gskolan i Vasa, samt pedagogiska och teologiska fakulteterna vid ?bo Akademi. Unpublished master#146;s thesis. ?bo Akademi University, Vasa. Davis, S.F., Grover, C.A., Becker, A.H. McGregor, L.N. Global Operating! (1992). 1968! Academic dishonesty: prevalence, determinants, techniques, and punishments. Teaching of psychology research Psychology , 19 , 1, s. 16-20. Davis, S.F.

Ludvigson, H.W. (1995). Additional data on academic dishonesty and a proposal for remediation. Teaching of Psychology, 22 , 2, s. Protests 1968! 119-121. Franklyn-Stokes, A. Newstead, S.E. Global Operating Airline Industry! (1995). Undergraduate cheating: who does what and why?. Studies in Higher Education, 20 , 2, s. 159-172. Graham, Melody A., et al. (1994). Cheating at small colleges: An examination of student development. Journal of College Student Developments, 35 , 4, 255-260. Grahnstr?m, T. (1996). Sv?rt f? uppr?ttelse f?r fuskanklagad.

Vertex, 5 . Hetherington, E.M. Feldman, S.E. Student Protests 1968! (1964). College cheating as a function of subject and German Order, situational variables. Student 1968! Journal of Educational Psychology , 55 , 4, s. 212-218. Jendreck, Margareta, Platt. (1992).

Students#146; reactions to academic dishonesty. Journal of College Student Development, 33 , 3, 260-273. Kuehn, P., Stanwyck, D. J., Holland, C. L. (1990). Attitudes toward cheating behaviours in the ESL classroom. TESOL (Teacher of Approach Sex Marriage Essay English to protests, Speakers of Other Languages) Quarterly, 24 (2), 313-317. Lipson, Alberta and McGavern, Norma. Research! (1993). Undergraduate academic dishonesty at student 1968 MIT. Results from a study of attitudes and behaviour of undergraduates, faculty, and ref generator, graduate teaching assistants. Lord, T., Chiodo, ?D. (1995). Student Protests 1968! A Look at Student Cheating in College Science Classes. Journal of social research methods Science Education and Technology; 4 , 4, 317-24.

Lunds Universitet Meddelar, ?rg 31, nr 7, 1998. Lunds universitet. Maramark, Sheila Maline, Mindi, barth. 1968! (1993) Academic dishonesty among college students. Issues in education. Office of Educational research and methods, Imporvemnet (ED), Washington, DC. McCabe, Donald, L. (1993).

Faculty resposnes to academic dishonesty: The influence of student honour codes . Research in Higher Education, 34 , 5, 647-658. McCabe, Donald, L., Bowers, William, J. (1994). Protests 1968! Academic dishonesty among males in English Approach to Same Sex Marriage Essay, college: A thirty year perspective . Journal of student 1968 College Student Development, 35 , 1, 5-10. McCabe, D.L. Trevino Klebe, L. Discussion Global Alliances In The Airline Industry! (1996).

What we know about cheating in college. Change, 28 , 1, s. 28-33. Miller, C.M. Parlett, M. (1974). Student Protests 1968! Up to the Mark, a study of the examination game. Society for ref generator, Research into Higher Education. Murray, B. (1996). Are professors turning a blind eye to cheating?

Schools facing a plague of cheating. Beware the #145;A#146; student: Overachievers can be cheaters. The APA MONITOR , 27 , 1, s. 1, 42. Newstead, S.E., Franklyn-Stokes, A. Armstead, P. (1995, in press) Individual differences in student cheating. Journal of student Educational Psychology . Singhal, A.C. (1982). Factors in students#146; dishonesty . Social Methods! Psychological Reports, 51 , s. 775-780.

A) Allowing own course-work to be copied by another student. B) Taking unauthorised material into an examination (e.g. 'cribs') B)Fabricating references or a bibliography. D) Lying about medical or other circumstances to get special consideration by examiner. E) Copying another student's course-work with their knowledge. F) Lying about medical or other circumstances to get an extended deadline or exemption from a piece of student protests work. G) Submitting course-work from an outside source. H) Taking an examination for someone else or having someone else take an examination for you. I)In a situation where students mark each other's work, coming to an agreement with another student or students to mark each other's work more generously than it merits J) Copying another student's course-work without their knowledge. K) Illicitly gaining advance information about the contents of an examination paper.

L) Inventing data (i.e. entering nonexistent results into the database) M) Ensuring the availability of books or journal articles in the library by deliberately mis-shelving them so that other students cannot find them, or by cutting out the relevant article or chapter. N) Paraphrasing material from Order and Revolution Essays another source without acknowledging the original author. O) Copying material for course-work from a book or other publication without acknowledging the source. P) Premeditated collusion between 2 or more students to communicate answers to each other during an examination. Q) Copying from a neighbor during an exami-nation without them realizing. R) Altering data (e.g. adjusting data to obtain a significant result) S) Doing another student's course-work for them. T) Submitting a piece of course-work as an individual piece of protests 1968 work when it has actually been written jointly with another student.

U) Attempting to German Order, obtain special consideration by offering or receiving favors, for example, bribery, seduction, corruption. V) Signing as present a not present fellow student at a course where obligatory attendance is asked for. W) Kept silent about a teacher's misbehavior or misuse of his/her position in order to get approval on a test or a higher mark. This document was added to the Education-line database on 21 March 2000.