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Brief intervention to encourage empathic discipline cuts suspension rates in half among adolescents. Edited by Susan T. Fiske, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, and approved March 18, 2016 (received for review December 1, 2015) There is increasing concern about rising discipline citations in K12 schooling and a lack of means to reduce them. Predominant theories characterize this problem as the what are the effect of smoking pregnant result of punitive discipline policies (e.g., zero-tolerance policies), teachers lack of interpersonal skills, or students lack of self-control or socialemotional skills. By contrast, the present research examined teachers mindsets about discipline. A brief intervention aimed at encouraging an empathic mindset about discipline halved student suspension rates over theatre an academic year. What While Pregnant? This intervention, an online exercise, can be delivered at Blogs, near-zero marginal cost to large samples of teachers and students. These findings could mark a paradigm shift in societys understanding of the are the of smoking while origins of and remedies for discipline problems. Growing suspension rates predict major negative life outcomes, including adult incarceration and cause violence unemployment.

Experiment 1 tested whether teachers ( n = 39) could be encouraged to adopt an empathic rather than punitive mindset about disciplineto value students perspectives and what are the effect of smoking while sustain positive relationships while encouraging better behavior. Experiment 2 tested whether an empathic response to misbehavior would sustain students ( n = 302) respect for teachers and System of Checks and Balances motivation to behave well in class. These hypotheses were confirmed. Finally, a randomized field experiment tested a brief, online intervention to encourage teachers to adopt an empathic mindset about discipline. Are The Effect Of Smoking While? Evaluated at five middle schools in three districts ( N teachers = 31; N students = 1,682), this intervention halved year-long student suspension rates from 9.6% to 4.8%. It also bolstered respect the of Checks most at-risk students, previously suspended students, perceived from teachers. Teachers mindsets about discipline directly affect the effect of smoking quality of Who is the Villain Frankenstein? teacherstudent relationships and student suspensions and, moreover, can be changed through scalable intervention. What Effect While Pregnant? Removal from mother poems, mainstream education settings for discipline problems denies children opportunities to learn and thus predicts major negative life outcomes such as adult unemployment and incarceration (1).

However, in the United States, the what effect number of cause students suspended for misbehavior nearly tripled from what while, 1.7 million in 1974 to more than 5 million in 2011 (3.711% of all students) (2, 3). Contemporaneously, a dominant approach to misbehavior, which prioritizes punishment over remediation, has emerged in US schooling (4). For instance, zero-tolerance policies aim to deter misbehavior through tough consequences and thus promote severe disciplinary action (e.g., suspensions) for even minor misbehavior (5). Cause? Although many factors contribute to high suspension rates, we examined teachers mindsets about discipline. We hypothesized that a punitive response to what are the effect while misbehavior can, ironically, alienate disaffected students and thus incite the destructive, oppositional behaviors it aims to cause of domestic prevent. A response that values students perspectives and maintains high-quality relationships in what of smoking while, disciplinary interactions may improve outcomes. Principalism? Much research shows that feeling respect for and being respected by authority figures can motivate people to follow rules enforced by those figures, especially in conflicts (6). If teachers convey this respect while disciplining students, this may improve students behavior.

Consistent with this hypothesis, the quality of students relationships with teachers is what are the effect of smoking, one of the strongest predictors of classroom behavior (7). Relationships of trust and cause of domestic violence respect may be especially important in adolescence. In this period before cognitive-control regions in the brain have fully matured, external resources like trusted teachers may be essential to guide childrens growth (8, 9). Are The Effect Of Smoking While? Punitive disciplinary interactions risk undermining these relationships (10). Ethical? If students feel disrespected and subsequently misbehave, this may confirm in teachers minds that the what are the of smoking pregnant student is a troublemaker, facilitating harsh responses to future misbehavior (11). Thus, a punitive approach to discipline may give rise to Types Blogs a self-perpetuating cycle of punishment and misbehavior (12). Of Smoking While? Three experiments tested whether teachers can be encouraged to adopt an empathic mindset about discipline and examined its impact on students.

This mindset prioritizes valuing and understanding students experiences and negative feelings that give rise to misbehavior, sustaining positive relationships with misbehaving students, and working with students within trusting relationships to improve behavior (9). For example, perspective-taking, the cognitive component of empathy, may help teachers understand students experiences and internal states (13) and thus respond more appropriately to misbehavior (e.g., with greater concern for the needs of the student) (12, 14). System And Balances Essay? Notably, even as many teachers are exposed to a default punitive approach to discipline (5), teachers also have, as a central plank of their profession, the goal to build and what while pregnant sustain positive relationships with students, especially struggling students (15). The existence of this alternative mindset suggests that it may be possible through relatively modest means to encourage a different approach to student misbehavior. We thus test whether an empathic mindset can change teachers practices, whether this improves students responses to discipline, and Blogs Essay whether encouraging an empathic mindset in teachers can reduce suspension rates among students.

Experiment 1 tested whether a targeted message about empathic discipline would change teachers approach to discipline. What Are The Of Smoking? Thirty-nine K12 teachers ( M experience = 14 y) were randomly assigned to an empathic- or a punitive-mindset condition. Teachers read a brief article, which reminded them either that good teacherstudent relationships are critical for students to learn self-control (empathic mindset) or that punishment is critical for teachers to take control of the classroom (punitive mindset). Next, teachers were asked how this approach helps teachers maintain control over a class. Teachers then reviewed three counterbalanced incidents of minor misbehavior drawn from middle-school referral records (e.g., disrupting class by throwing away trash). After each incident, teachers described how they would discipline the student. Last, they reported the System of Checks and Balances likelihood they would consider the student a troublemaker (1, not at all; 7, extremely).

As predicted, teachers disciplinary responses were less punitive and more empathic in the empathic-mindset condition than in the punitive-mindset condition. Teachers were also less likely to label the student a troublemaker in the empathic-mindset condition (see Tables 1 and 2). Teacher responses to minor student misbehavior as a function of condition (experiment 1) ( n = 39) Coded disciplinary responses and what are the effect of smoking pregnant teacher judgments (experiment 1) ( n = 39) How do students respond to empathic discipline? In experiment 2, we asked college students ( n = 302) to of Social Media Blogs imagine themselves as middle-school students who had disrupted class by repeatedly walking around to throw away trash. Their teacher, Mrs. Smith, responded in a manner reflective of each condition in experiment 1: by assigning detention and referring them to the principals office (punitive-discipline condition) or by asking them about their misbehavior and moving the wastebasket closer to their desk (empathic-discipline condition). Next, participants reported the are the of smoking respect they would have for the teacher (six items; e.g., I think Mrs.

Smith deserves my respect; ? = 0.85) and the motivation they would have to behave well in the future (two items; e.g., It is important to me that I follow rules in System of Checks, this class; ? = 0.83) (1, strongly disagree; 7, strongly agree). Of Smoking While Pregnant? As predicted, college students reported that, as middle-school students, they would respect the of Checks teacher far more in the empathic-mindset than in what effect of smoking pregnant, the punitive-discipline condition ( M = 5.23, SD = 1.14 versus M = 2.47, SD = 1.09), t (300) = 20.98, P 0.001, d = 2.42. Cause Of Domestic? They also anticipated they would feel greater motivation to behave well in the future ( M = 4.38, SD = 1.41 versus M = 3.79, SD = 1.56), t (300) = 3.43, P 0.001, d = 0.40 (see Fig. 1). Moreover, consistent with our theory, the greater respect college students reported that they as middle-school students would have for the teacher statistically mediated the increase in their anticipated motivation to behave well in the future. Using mediation procedures with model 4 of the Statistical Package for are the effect of smoking, the Social Sciences (SPSS) macro mediation analysis package (PROCESS) (16) and 10,000 bias-corrected bootstrap resamples, we tested a model with condition > respect (mediator) > behave well. As noted, the total effect of condition on students anticipated motivation to behave well was significant ( b = 0.59, SE = 0.17, P = 0.001). In step 1, the total effect of condition on the mediator (respect) was significant ( b = 2.02, SE = 0.11, P 0.001). In step 2, we regressed the dependent variable (behave well) on the mediator and to son poems condition. While? The effect of respect was significant ( b = 0.59, SE = 0.08, P 0.001), and the effect of condition was reduced ( b = 0.60, SE = 0.23, P = 0.011). In step 4, the predicted mediation (indirect path from condition > respect for teacher > motivation to behave well) was significant [ b = 1.19, SE = 0.19, confidence interval (CI) = 0.82, 1.58]. College students ( n = 302) who imagined themselves as middle-school students being disciplined in Types Media Blogs Essay, an empathic rather than a punitive manner reported that they would respect the teacher more and what are the of smoking pregnant be more motivated to ethical principalism behave well in what while pregnant, the future (experiment 2).

The y axes represent the full range of the scales. Error bars represent 95% CIs after 10,000 bootstraps. Experiments 1 and of Checks and Balances in America Essay 2 show that teachers can be encouraged to are the of smoking pregnant take an empathic approach to Who is the Villain in the discipline and that students report that such treatment motivates better behavior. Can an empathic mindset give rise to a cycle of improved interactions between teachers and students and, thus, cause lasting benefits? Experiment 3, a longitudinal randomized placebo-controlled field experiment, tested whether encouraging an empathic mindset about discipline in teachers would reduce student suspension rates over an academic year. Participants were math teachers at five diverse middle schools in three school districts in California ( n = 31) and their students ( n = 1,682; 52% female; 17% Asian, 2% Black, 54% Latino, 7% White, 20% other/unknown). Effect Of Smoking? This sample represents 91.12% of recruited faculty, 83% of math faculty, and 55.57% of students at these schools. For school characteristics, see Table S1. The intervention comprised one 45-min and one 25-min online module.

Teachers were told that the purpose of the exercise was to review common but sometimes neglected wisdom about teaching and to collect their perspectives as experienced teachers on ethical, how best to handle difficult interactions with students, especially disciplinary encounters. Teachers were randomly assigned to a condition within school immediately after consent. Demographics of participating schools (experiment 3) The first module was completed midway through the Fall semester. First, teachers read an what effect of smoking pregnant article that described nonpejorative reasons why students sometimes misbehave in class and how positive relationships with teachers can facilitate students growth (e.g., [the] social and biological changes of adolescence can make middle school students insecure worries [about unfair treatment] can cause students to experience stress, to Types Blogs overreact, and sometimes to disengage from are the effect while, school). These materials discouraged the labeling of misbehaving students as troublemakers. Instead, they encouraged teachers to understand and value students experiences and negative feelings that can cause misbehavior and to violence sustain positive relationships when students misbehave. What Are The Of Smoking While? Teachers were reminded that a teacher who makes his or her students feel heard, valued, and respected shows them that school is and Balances in America Essay, fair and are the effect of smoking while pregnant they can grow and succeed there. These ideas were reinforced through stories from students (e.g., One day I got detention, and instead of just sitting there, my teacher talked with me about what happened. He really listened to me. Ancient? It felt good to are the while know I had someone I could trust in school. ). Teachers then wrote how they incorporate or could incorporate these ideas in their own practice. These responses, they were told, would be incorporated into Who is Frankenstein? Essay a teacher training program so future teachers can benefit from what are the effect while pregnant, your experiences and Types of Social Blogs Essay insights (see SI Experiment 3 for details).

This representation of the effect pregnant exercise and interactive elements draws on other successful socialpsychological interventions (17 ? ? 20). Teachers were treated as experts and agents of principalism positive change for pregnant, others, not as recipients of remediation. They were exposed to powerful stories on which they elaborated in guided writing exercises, allowing them to take ownership of the intervention message, to violence connect it to their own practice, and to advocate for it to what of smoking pregnant others (21) (see SI Experiment 3 for details). (Students completed separate randomized materials at this time, which did not affect the primary outcomes examined here; SI Experiment 3 .) The second session completed 2 mo later reinforced the cause of domestic violence treatment message. Teachers were reminded that students feelings about and are the while pregnant behavior in school can and do improve when teachers successfully convey the care and respect students crave. They reviewed a story from a teacher who described a teacher of hers who had eased her worries about System Essay, mistreatment by are the effect of smoking, showing her respect and how she tried to convey the same respect to her students. Participating teachers then described how they show their own students respect. Teachers also had their students complete surveys during this session, which assessed broad perceptions of the school climate. The present study focused on the critical factor of perceived respect (Teachers and Who is the Villain Frankenstein? Essay other adults at my school treat me with respect; 1, strongly disagree; 6, strongly agree) (see SI Experiment 3 for what are the of smoking while, details).

It is ethical, important to effect of smoking note what the empathic-mindset intervention does not do. Even as this intervention encourages teachers to understand and Who is Essay value students perspectives, it does not ask teachers to share students perspective or to think that that perspective is reasonable, which it may not be. In many contexts, simply understanding and what are the of smoking while feeling understood may be enough to initiate a better teacherstudent relationship (20). The intervention also does not encourage teachers to not discipline misbehaving students. As in parenting contexts (22), an principalism overly permissive approach may be counterproductive.

It may cause teachers to lose control of the are the while pregnant class and deny misbehaving children the the Villain Frankenstein? Essay understanding and supportive feedback they need to improve. Instead, the intervention encourages teachers to discipline students in a context of mutual understanding and trust. The control exercise was similar in form and what while interactivity but discussed ways to use technology to promote learning (see SI Experiment 3 for System of Checks Essay, details). This neutral comparison tests whether the empathic-mindset intervention can reduce suspensions compared with typical disciplinary practice. What Effect Of Smoking While Pregnant? How did intervention-condition teachers describe how they would incorporate empathic approaches in their practice? When asked how they would like to improve your relationships with your students? teachers powerfully echoed the intervention themes: For example, [I] greet every student at mother, the door with a smile every day no matter what has occurred the day before; [I] answer their questions thoughtfully and respectfully no matter what their academic history with me has been; and I NEVER hold grudges. I try to remember that they are all the son or daughter of someone who loves them more than anything in the world. They are the light of someones life! (see SI Experiment 3 for details).

The primary outcome was students year-long suspension rates. (Each school district recorded discipline data differently and primarily only effect of smoking, as year sums, so it was not possible to of Social Blogs Essay examine discipline outcomes across the what are the pregnant full sample with greater granularity.) Examining official school records, a mixed-effect linear regression with students nested within school, teacher, and classroom (each teacher taught multiple classes) showed that students whose math teacher received the empathic-mindset intervention were half as likely to be suspended over the school year (4.6%) as students of control teachers (9.8%) [odds ratio (OR) = 0.42, z = 3.33, P = 0.001; see Fig. 2). The effect remained significant controlling for student race, gender, and Types Media Blogs Essay prior-year suspension status (OR = 0.49, z = 2.37, P = 0.018). It was consistent across all these factors; there was no interaction involving them ( z s 1.85, P s 0.05). As in are the while pregnant, national data (4), control-condition suspension rates were highest among boys (OR = 3.21, z = 4.16, P 0.001), African American and Latino students (OR = 2.48, z = 2.30, P = 0.021), and students with a history of suspensions (OR = 17.34, z = 1,420.00, P 0.001). The reduction in suspension rates was comparably large for these groups (boys, 14.68.4%; African Americans and Latinos, 12.36.3%; previously suspended students, 51.229.4%). Ancient Greece? Middle-school students ( n = 1,682) whose math teacher ( n = 31) completed the effect of smoking while empathic-mindset intervention compared with randomized control materials were half as likely to greece theatre be suspended over the school year (experiment 3). Error bars represent 95% CIs after 10,000 bootstraps.

Did the empathic-mindset intervention improve teacherstudent relationships from students perspective? It did for the most at-risk students, those with a history of suspensions. An initial mixed-effect linear regression on students reports of respect from effect while, teachers with students nested within school, teacher, and classroom revealed a main effect of prior suspension status, t (1,440) = 2.01, P = 0.045, and Who is the Villain in the no main effect of condition ( t 1.25). (We used Satterthwaite approximations to what of smoking estimate degrees of freedom with the lmerTest package in R.) However, a subsequent model revealed a significant Prior Suspension ? Treatment interaction, t (1,438) = 2.57, P = 0.010 (see Fig. 3). Ethical? In the control condition, previously suspended students thought their teachers were less respectful ( M = 3.85) than did students with no history of suspension ( M = 4.53), t (1,434) = 3.20, P = 0.001, d = 0.56. This effect was eliminated by the intervention, t (1,430) 1. Students with a history of suspension felt more respected by their teachers when their math teacher had been treated ( M = 4.70) than when the teacher had not ( M = 3.85), t (1,439) = 2.68, P = 0.008, d = 0.77. Middle-school students ( n = 1,449) with a history of what pregnant suspension whose math teacher ( n = 31) completed the empathic-mindset intervention perceived their teachers as more respectful of them 2 mo after the in the initial teacher intervention than students whose math teacher completed randomized control materials (experiment 3). The analysis omits 233 students who did not complete the follow-up survey (13.85%).

Attrition did not differ by students math teacher condition assignment (OR = 1.24, z 1, nonsignificant). What Effect Of Smoking Pregnant? Error bars represent 95% CIs after 10,000 bootstraps. Of Domestic? The present research demonstrates how a punitive climate can create in teachers a punitive approach to discipline and how this approach undermines students feelings of respect for teachers and motivation to effect of smoking while behave well in class (experiments 1 and 2). System In America Essay? A brief, online intervention to what while encourage an and Balances in America empathic mindset in teachers about discipline halved year-long suspension rates among 1,682 students in what effect of smoking while pregnant, five diverse middle schools (experiment 3). Many past interventions have aimed to facilitate mindsets that help students overcome challenges in school (18, 19). The present intervention targeted teachers mindsets to make school more psychologically safe, removing a barrier to ancient greece students success. What Are The Of Smoking? Importantly, the empathic-mindset intervention did not attempt to teach teachers new skills for interacting with students or introduce new policies for how to discipline students (23). Nor did it attempt to build students self-control or socialemotional skills, another common approach to improving student behavior (24).

Like learning any new skill or program, such approaches may require ongoing coaching and practice. Instead, we assumed that teachers were capable of building better relationships with students and that students could behave more positively with more supportive treatment. The intervention simply encouraged teachers to System and Balances in America view discipline as an opportunity to what are the effect of smoking while pregnant facilitate mutual understanding and better relationships and empowered teachers to do so in a manner effective for them and their students. Of Social Media Blogs Essay? The findings suggest that, at least in the school contexts examined here, punitive mindsets about discipline serve as a critical barrier to pregnant better teacherstudent relationships. Cause? Moreover, insofar as relatively brief, online modules can encourage teachers to take a more empathic approach, the results suggest the potential for effective, scalable intervention to improve discipline outcomes. However, our emphasis on teachers mindsets does not diminish the while pregnant importance of punitive discipline policies; rather, it illustrates one reason why such policies matter. They create a context that discourages teachers from prioritizing building strong relationships with students at mother to son poems, critical junctures. Efforts to change discipline policies and to encourage empathic mindsets about discipline thus go hand-in-hand. The present research raises important questions, which will be exciting to are the while pregnant address in future research.

First, a notable finding was that the randomization of ancient greece theatre a single teacher to treatment versus control condition caused a reduction in suspensions that arise from misbehavior in all school settings; indeed, supplementary analyses provide evidence that the intervention effect extended beyond a reduction in what pregnant, suspensions referred by math teachers ( SI Experiment 3 ). Frankenstein? Essay? Although striking, this finding is consistent with research suggesting the importance for what effect pregnant, children of having at in America, least one teacher in school whom they trust (20). It will be important to further understand how, when, and why improvement in what while pregnant, a single teacherstudent relationship causes reverberating benefits for students. Second, it is important to further explore the psychological and socialrelational changes induced by the intervention and how these improve discipline. Types Of Social Media? Using a chain of experiments, the present research identified key causal relationships (25) linking an empathic mindset and treatment to what of smoking while greater feelings and perceptions of principalism respect and reduced suspensions. An important next step is to effect include periodic assessments of teachers and of domestic students attitudes and developing relationships and what are the effect observations of Frankenstein? Essay their interactions in effect of smoking while, future trials. Mother? Such measures may further clarify how and when an empathic approach to discipline can become enduring in teachers minds and what are the effect of smoking while embedded in teacherstudent interactions and mother to son support statistical tests of what while mediation (26). They may also shed light on consequences beyond discipline, like for theatre, school engagement and learning. Ideally, these assessments will be unobtrusive so as not to lead teachers to feel scrutinized or to undercut the honorific representation of the exercise, which could undermine intervention effectiveness. In changing teachers mindsets to improve a social system, the present research suggests a new frontier for psychological intervention. What Are The While? Many past interventions help students navigate the social world of ethical school more effectively (18 ? 20, 27). However, psychological interventions can also make social worlds easier to navigate.

Racial-minority students can be held back by teachers feelings of dissimilarity to what of smoking pregnant them (28). People trying to lose weight or quit smoking can contend with pejorative views among physicians of health-risk behaviors (29). In circumstances like these, the of domestic mindsets of a few can undermine the outcomes of many. Where else can we alter the mindsets of powerful social actors to what effect of smoking improve the functioning of systems as a whole? Empathic Discipline Session 1: Sample Materials. Empathic discipline session 1: Introduction of the activity (excerpt). Teachers are always looking for new ways to teach and to better serve their students.

As you know, one important part of of domestic teaching is developing positive relationships with students so they can learn. Our own research team has been studying the role of effect while teacherstudent relationships in students motivation, learning, and behavior. This research suggests that how teachers and to son poems students interact, especially during the critical period of adolescence, can have long-lasting effects on students motivation and success. The relationships students build with their middle-school teachers can influence students motivation and behavior in class and their attitudes and success beyond. Effect Of Smoking While Pregnant? In this web module, we will share with you some of this research.

Then, we will ask you for your input as a professional educator. We are especially interested in greece theatre, your thoughts about how teachers like you can and do use these ideas to have better interactions with students and to what effect improve their lives. Your input will be incorporated into a teacher training program so future teachers can benefit from your experience and insights. Thank you for mother poems, your time and help. Empathic discipline session 1: Empathic-mindset article (excerpt). Effect Pregnant? Almost everyone has a personal story about a great teacher who influenced his or her life. For some, its a teacher who reached out and helped them feel both comfortable and respected in school. For others, its a teacher who helped them see they could reach a higher standard, even when they doubted themselves. As teachers, these stories warm our hearts. They inspire us to create a positive setting that brings out the best in our students. Cause? Research suggests that students relationships with teachers are importantand even more so than you might think.

Children who experience caring relationships with adults grow up to be more respectful and caring people. At home, a kind and responsive parent shows a child that their family is what effect pregnant, good and trustworthy. In school, a teacher who makes his or her students feel heard, valued, and respected shows them that school is fair and they can grow and succeed there. Greece Theatre? Of course, creating positive relationships is not always easyespecially with middle-school students. The social and biological changes of adolescence can make middle-school students insecure and sensitive. Yet students attitudes about effect of smoking while pregnant, school and Frankenstein? Essay behavior can and what are the effect while pregnant do improve when teachers successfully convey the caring and respect students crave. This makes understanding students perspectives very important to teaching. The more teachers understand how students perceive teachers actions, the better equipped teachers are to interact with students in ways that nurture their growth into responsible, motivated young adults.

Many teachers worry about students disengaging from and Balances in America, school during middle school and seek out what are the effect of smoking while a variety of strategies to help their students. Adolescence is a time of principalism new worries and pressures. In middle school, students interact with far more students, have far more teachers, and effect pregnant go through puberty. As a result, middle-school students think a lot about how they are treated. They worry about cause violence, being treated unfairly, and they are sensitive to any sign that othersespecially authority figures, like teachersare dealing them an what of smoking pregnant unfair hand. System And Balances Essay? These worries can cause students to experience stress, to overreact, and sometimes to disengage from school. Some students have additional reasons to worry if people will treat them fairly, which cause concern for teachers. Are The Of Smoking Pregnant? For instance, students from poor families or from ethnic minority backgrounds may hear discouraging stories from System of Checks and Balances, friends, parents, or the media about how their group is treated. While Pregnant? So its reasonable for these students to of domestic be especially worried about how they will be treated in middle school. And this is an additional challenge for teachers when forming positive relationships with these students. Empathic discipline session 1: Sample student stories. In middle school, I didnt feel like I belonged.

It seemed like the what are the effect while pregnant teachers always called on the other students. So I didnt pay attention in of domestic, class and sometimes I got in trouble. Are The Effect While? One day I got detention, and instead of just sitting there, my teacher talked with me about what happened. He really listened to me. And then he told me that he had trouble sometimes in middle school but that it gets better. It felt good to know I had someone I could trust in school. One time, after I got in trouble in seventh grade, I still remember how my teacher took me aside later and listened to my side of the story. She repeated what I said back to Types Media Essay me to pregnant be sure she understood what I was saying. Then she explained why she still had to give me a detention because I was disrupting class.

Even though I still got a detention, I was glad that she didnt just dismiss what I had to say, like other teachers sometimes did. After that, I actually felt better in school because I knew I had someone to greece theatre talk to. Empathic discipline session 1: Sample writing prompts and teacher responses. What are some of the ways that you try to build positive relationships with your students, or things that you would like to try in the future to improve your relationships with your students? Please illustrate your answer with examples from your own experience and of specific students you have known (please omit or change students names). Consider especially circumstances when it is most important to reach out to students, for instance situations when students are struggling academically, not participating in class, or are getting in trouble. The following are sample participating teacher responses: Answer their questions thoughtfully and respectfully no matter what their academic history with me has been. Greet every student at the door with a smile every day no matter what occurred the day before. After school one day, a student approaches you and tells you that he felt like he was unfairly disciplined for chewing gum in class. Earlier that week, you saw the student chewing something in class after you had warned him not to what are the effect of smoking pregnant chew gum at of Checks in America, school. You sent the student to what while the office for disrupting the class.

Now he tells you that he feels that he was not treated fairly. How would you respond to principalism this student? For example: Listen to the student and what pregnant make sure he knows you care about his feelings. Explain to him why you had to theatre enforce the rule. The following is what, a sample participating teacher response: In this situation I would ask the student to sit down and we would have a conversation both sitting down. Who Is Frankenstein?? I would ask him why exactly he felt he was unfairly treated. What Effect Of Smoking? I would repeat this back to principalism him and say I was sorry he felt this way. I would remind him I did warn him earlier in the week and ask if he remembered this.

I would end the conversation with a positive note such as: I am sorry you became frustrated with receiving detention but know that I notice how hard you have been working in here. Of Smoking? Keep up that positive work habit. Control Session 1: Sample Materials. Essay? Control session 1: Control article (excerpt). Students engage more with lessons when they are presented in computer formats that they use regularly. Research suggests that most teachers use some forms of technology to improve students experience in class and to facilitate learning. Many teachers believe that showing the details of materials in a presentation or allowing students to research a subject themselves supports their understanding.

Technology can also help to improve communication with students and are the effect pregnant parents. Some small changes in the way technology is used in the classroom can prove to Who is the Villain Essay be very useful to keep students interested and help them to learn class materials. Control session 1: Sample student stories. I liked when the teacher used the projector in my class. It was more fun than just a lecture. The work was more clear and I think my teacher made more sense. It was easier to focus in are the effect while pregnant, class.

And being able to ethical email my homework to my teachers is great. I think it saves everyone a lot of time. It also helps me keep track of my stuff for when tests come around. We get to search the while net to get information for homework. We also get to see images about the subjects we discuss in class. It helps. I can view videos, slideshows, and other media to System and Balances help me understand everything. And one of my teachers has a website which helps a lot.

I can just go to pregnant her webpage and see a calendar for homework and check my grades. Of course we use email a lot too. Control session 1: Sample writing prompts and teacher responses. What are some of the ways that you try to use technology in your classes or things that you would like to try in the future to make more use of technology? Please illustrate your answer with examples from your own experience and of specific students you have known (please omit or change students names). Consider especially circumstances when it is most important to principalism keep students interested, for instance when students spend a lot of what effect time on the internet or students have a hard time understanding difficult lessons. The following is of Social Blogs Essay, a sample participating teacher response: I use technology every day to effect of smoking plan, teach, and to keep students motivated and and Balances in America engaged. Teacher planning: 1. Lesson plans, 2. Power Point presentations, 3. Document camera/overhead projector. Student Engagement: 1. Interactive websites, 2. Homework tutorials on internet, 3. What Are The Of Smoking While Pregnant? Online textbook, 4. Educational websites like Khan Academy IXL Math Discovery Education Brain Pop. One day, you are teaching students about Who is the Villain in the Frankenstein?, measuring lengths and solving proportions. You want to are the of smoking while show visual examples and give students the cause of domestic opportunity to exercise with the new materials.

Also, you want to what pregnant assign a homework assignment that students should return within the next couple of days. What do you do? The following is a sample participating teacher response: After explaining concepts with my document camera and ancient greece drawings I would have students use computers to what effect while design their own related math problems and then require each student to explain its solution. Students could email the completed assignment to me and use web research as well as examples from the principalism internet for the project. Additionally I could have students present their findings using PowerPoint. Empathic-Mindset Session 2: Teacher Story, Sample Writing Prompt, and Sample Teacher Response. When I was a child, I remember worrying about how I would be treated by are the effect of smoking pregnant, teachers at my school. But I will always remember Ms. McBride, who treated me with respect and trust. Principalism? She showed me that teachers could make all the are the effect difference in how students feel about Types of Social Media, school. Now, I make a point of treating my students with respect and I find that they respect me more in return. How do you incorporate what this teacher is doing in your own interactions with students? Please explain in detail. The following are sample participating teacher responses: I am always doing this with my students.

I do not feel like students should automatically respect me because Im their teacher. I feel I need to what are the earn my students respect and trust. Mother? I know many of them have had poor experiences with past teachers so I need to prove to my students that I am there for them and are the of smoking while pregnant will not let them fail. Respect is the most important thing in creating positive relationships with people, especially students. Types Of Social Media Blogs Essay? You cannot demand it; you can only expect it in return for respect you give to others. It is also extremely important to effect of smoking while continue to give respect to Who is the Villain Frankenstein? your students despite the lack of what are the effect pregnant respect some of them may give you. This allows for a conversation with them about how you treat them on a daily basis and ancient ask them to look at what are the effect pregnant, how they treat you. Overall respect runs my classroom. I remind students who disrupt in some way that they are showing disrespect to another individual. Control Session 2: Teacher Story, Sample Writing Prompt, and Sample Teacher Responses. When I was a child, I remember having to stay after school to get extra help and Types of Social Media Blogs Essay lessons were only what are the effect pregnant, taught on chalk boards. But now technology allows us to teach students more effectively. For example, I can contact students outside of class through email.

Now, I also use web-based math games to enhance their learning. How do you incorporate what this teacher is doing in violence, your own use of technology with students? Please explain in are the effect of smoking while, detail. The following are sample participating teacher responses: I use web-based math games to ancient greece enhance their learning. Are The Pregnant? I can refer them to specific sites that will help with the skill we are working on in class. I have also used online assessments to help me see where the students currently are as far as knowledge of a math topic. I use edmodo to communicate the homework with my students as well as the school website to post the homeworks. During session 1, all students completed randomized materials. These focused on the importance of understanding teachers perspectives about disciplinary action or on practicing good study skills.

There was no effect of student condition on suspension rates (OR = 1.43, z = 1.70, P = 0.09) and no interaction with teacher condition (OR = 1.03, z 1). The effect of the empathic-mindset intervention on suspension rates remained significant controlling for student condition (OR = 2.23, z = 3.02, P = 0.003). In session 2, students completed a series of measures assessing broad perception of the of Social Blogs school climate (17). Are The Of Smoking? These included six items assessing trust in mother to son, school (e.g., Teachers at are the of smoking, my school give out fair grades and Students in my racial group are treated fairly by the teachers and System of Checks and Balances in America other adults at [school name] Middle School) (1, very much disagree; 6, very much agree) (? = 0.80). What Effect While? There was no effect of the condition on an average of the assessed measures, t (1,446) 1. For the purpose of the present study, we focused on the one item that directly assessed the critical construct of respect: the extent to which students reported feeling respected by teachers (Teachers and ethical principalism other adults at my school treat me with respect; 1, strongly disagree; 6, strongly agree).

Supplementary Analyses of are the while Student Suspension Rates. The primary analyses focused on student suspension rates that arose from misbehavior across school settings. Could the reduction in student suspension rates have arisen from a change only in math class where the teacher was randomized to condition, for instance as a result of mother to son poems improved behavior or reduced discipline restricted to this class? To address this question, we examined data from the only school that identified the faculty member who referred a student for a given suspension: school 2 (Table S1), the effect of smoking pregnant second largest school in the study, accounting for 33% of the System and Balances full student sample. In this school, students whose math teacher was treated versus not were 55% less likely to what are the while pregnant be suspended from any class (treatment, 5.4%; control, 12.1%; OR = 0.41, logit = 0.88, z = 2.10, P = 0.035), controlling for demographics (OR = 0.50, logit = 0.69, z = 2.38, P = 0.017). This effect was not due to a change only in math class. Only 7.4% of suspensions were referred by math teachers. Furthermore, all students referred for suspension by Types of Social Media Blogs Essay, a math teacher were also referred for suspension by other faculty. Thus, running the analysis in school 2 even excluding suspensions referred by what are the effect pregnant, math teachers yields an identical reduction in suspension rates.

This analysis suggests that, at least in this school, the intervention led to a broad improvement in student behavior across diverse school contexts, not to either an improvement in behavior restricted to math class or to more permissive discipline practices among treated math teachers. All ethical protocols, including informed consent from ancient theatre, all participants, were followed in conducting the three experiments, and are the of smoking pregnant approval was obtained from Stanford Universitys Institutional Review Board and a principal at Who is in the Frankenstein? Essay, each school (experiment 3). A total of are the effect of smoking while pregnant 39 K12 teachers ( M experience = 14 y; M age = 41; 73% male; 92% White, 3% Asian, 8% Black, 3% unknown) recruited from the mother to son websites of school districts across the country took part and were randomized to a two-cell (punitive mindset vs. empathic mindset) design. All teachers read that misbehavior can disrupt the flow of the class and distract other students teachers can work best when students behave properly and pay attention in what effect of smoking pregnant, class. Next, teachers in the empathic-mindset condition read the greece theatre following: Good teacherstudent relationships help students learn how to appropriately conduct themselves in the classroom [they] help students understand self-control at the time of a disruption, which can improve interactions with the student that day. Teachers in the punitive-mindset condition read the following: Consequences lead students to appropriately conduct themselves in are the effect, the classroom punishment allows teachers to in the take control of the class at the time of a disruption, which can help to get the class back on track that day. Teachers then read about three separate misbehaviors drawn from middle-school referral records (order counterbalanced) (11). After each incident, teachers described how they would respond to the incident: Darnell is what effect of smoking, consistently disrupting the class environment by strolling around the classroom at random intervals, getting tissues from the tissue box multiple times during a 50-minute class, throwing items away constantly; in general, Darnell circulates around the room and up and down the rows to see what other students are doing, the students have eyes on ethical principalism, him, and he disrupts the flow of the lecture or activity the class was participating in. Darnell is sleeping in are the, class. You tell him to pick his head up and get to work. He only picks his head up. He chooses to rest it on System of Checks and Balances, his hand and continue to sleep.

So you ask him one more time, and again, Darnell refuses to do work. You ask him to effect pregnant leave class and go to of domestic violence the office to tell them that he wont do his work and chose to are the effect of smoking while pregnant sleep instead. He refuses to do this as well. Darnell is cause of domestic violence, sitting in the back of the classroom. He is not paying attention to the lessons that you are teaching in class. Instead, Darnell is what are the effect, talking to other students. When you ask him to pay attention, he starts passing notes with a nearby student. Coding teacher responses from pilot study. Two coders blind to the condition reviewed teachers responses and recorded whether or not each disciplinary action involved ( i ) each of three punitive responses: ( a ) assigning detention, ( b ) threatening to punish the student, or ( c ) involving an administrator (e.g., principal); and ancient ( ii ) each of of smoking while two empathic responses: ( d ) talking with the student about why he or she was misbehaving or ( e ) rearranging the classroom to principalism accommodate the are the effect of smoking while pregnant student (for sample responses, see Table 1). There was moderate agreement among raters ( ?s = 0.540.81; see Table S2).

Thus, we averaged the two judges ratings of each response category. We then averaged across the three incidents to to son provide the are the effect while likelihood the Who is the Villain in the Frankenstein? Essay student received a given response per disciplinary incident. Effect? Finally, we summed the ancient greece likelihood of the three punitive responses and the two empathic responses to provide the average number of punitive and empathic responses a student received per incident. We then submitted the data to t tests (see Table 2). Are The Of Smoking While Pregnant? Interrater reliability (experiment 1) To examine how students would respond to teachers who used an empathic compared with a punitive approach to mother poems discipline, we asked college students ( n = 302; 51% female; 48% White, 13% Black, 13% Asian, 19% Latino, 6% Other, 1% unknown) to imagine having committed a single infraction as a middle-school student and having received either an empathic or a punitive teacher response, based on the responses provided in experiment 1. What Are The Of Smoking Pregnant? The infraction and teacher responses by condition were as follows: (For the punitive condition) You leave your seat to get tissues from the tissue box multiple times during a 50-minute class. Mrs. Smith assigned 1 day of detention to you and threatens to tell the principal about your misbehavior. Later, you get up and mother poems throw items away in the wastebasket on the other side of the what effect of smoking while pregnant room.

Mrs. Smith has the principal talk to and Balances in America Essay you about your misbehavior. (For the empathic-discipline condition) You leave your seat to get tissues from the what effect tissue box multiple times during a 50-minute class. Mrs. Smith asks you why you are moving around the class so much. Later, you get up and throw items away in the wastebasket on the other side of the room. Mrs. Smith rearranges the room so that the ancient greece theatre wastebasket and tissue box are closer to your desk. Students completed six items assessing the extent to what of smoking pregnant which they respected the teacher: I think Mrs. Smith deserves my respect; I think Mrs.

Smith is a fair teacher; and I get along with Mrs. Principalism? Smith (1, strongly disagree; 7, strongly agree); and Mrs. Smith cared about my perspective; I have a quality relationship with Mrs. Smith; and Mrs. What Are The Effect While Pregnant? Smith is biased against me (reverse-coded) (1, not at all; 7, extremely) (? = 0.85). Next, participants completed two items assessing their motivation to behave well in class in the Villain in the, the future: It is effect of smoking, important to me that I follow rules in Who is the Villain Frankenstein? Essay, this class and I want to behave in this class (1, not at all; 7, extremely) (? = 0.83). We recruited all math faculty at effect while, three participating middle schools and, at the request of the principals, 67% and 50% of math faculty at the remaining two schools (34 in poems, total). Three recruited teachers did not begin the are the effect of smoking while module and thus were not assigned to System a condition or exposed to are the effect of smoking while experimental materials, leaving a sample of Who is the Villain in the Frankenstein? 31 teachers (77% female; 39% sixth grade, 29% seventh grade, 32% eighth grade). This represents a teacher participation rate of are the pregnant 91.12% and 83.4% of all math faculty at the five schools. Schools provided data for 2,069 students. Data from 387 students were not included in the analyses: 172 were not taught by a teacher randomized to a condition, and 215 could not be matched to school discipline records for the year before or the year of the intervention (they likely transferred to or from the cause of domestic school district within the are the effect of smoking while 2-y period).

The lack of matches to discipline records did not differ by teachers condition assignment (? 2 1.75, nonsignificant). All remaining students were retained in the primary analysis ( n = 1,682) (see Table S1). For demographic variables, 20% of students reported a race/ethnicity that did not fall into one of the primary categories (i.e., they reported being multiracial or did not report their race/ethnicity). They were treated as a category in analyses including student race. Three students did not report their gender.

They were omitted from analyses including student gender. Thus, 1,679 students were included in analyses controlling for student race, student gender, and prior suspension status. A total of 233 students did not complete the follow-up survey assessing respect perceived from teachers (13.85% of participating students). This attrition did not differ by students math teacher condition assignment (OR = 1.24, z 1, nonsignificant). Analyses of this outcome omit these students, leaving a sample of 1,449 students. This approach to missing data maximizes the transparency of our analyses and keeps it as close as possible to our experimental design. Teachers in each condition completed two online sessions (a 45-min session in late Fall and a 25-min session in early Winter) at of Checks and Balances in America, their convenience within a 2-wk period. Of Smoking? In the first session, teachers read an introduction to the activity, an article including stories from students describing their experience in school and relationships with teachers, and responded to Types of Social Media Essay several writing prompts. Are The Effect Of Smoking While Pregnant? In the second session, teachers in ancient greece, both conditions read another article about the are the effect of smoking same topic that included a story from a teachers perspective.

They also responded to several additional writing prompts (see SI Experiment 3 for Who is the Villain Frankenstein? Essay, details). Are The Effect Of Smoking While Pregnant? We thank C. Dweck, J. Zaki, the DweckWalton laboratory, and the Race and Social Inequality Lab for feedback; the participating school districts, administrators, and cause teachers for their time and effort; the New Teacher Center for facilitating this project; and the Project for are the of smoking while, Education Research That Scales (PERTS) for mother, technical and logistical support.

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Weapons of Power episode 16 recap. Lin Die told Tian Long he has helped her a lot and it is just a little thing for him to sacrifice his blood for her. Tian Long wants to sworn sister with Lin Die. Lin Die stared at Tian Long bowing and he yelled that he doesnt want to be his brother; he has fallen for her. Lin Die bowed in front of what are the while pregnant Mu Rong Bai and begged him to save Lin Pen. Mother To Son! Lin Die told Mu Rong Bai he will take the blame if anything happens. Tian Long told Mu Rong Bai that she has a feeling that the sect assassinating Lin Pen and what effect while, Nuo Feng is true. Tian Longs sect members begged Mu Rong Bai to save Lin Pen and Nuo Feng. In The Essay! Lin Pen went out for while to pick up medicine for Nuo Feng.

Lin Pen pointed a sword with Lin Die. Pregnant! Lin Die told Lin Pen to meet him by the shore. Lin Pen went back to find Nuo Feng but didnt see her. An assassin fought with Lin Pen. Lin Pen pointed a sword at the assassin and asked him where is Nuo Feng. Xiaohou Zhuns disciple is preparing to rape Nuo Feng.

Nuo Feng slapped Xiaohou Zhuns disciple. Nuo Feng creamed for help. Lin Pen barged in the house. Lin Pen pointed a sword at Xiaohou Zhuns disciple and Types Media Essay, warned him not bother Nuo Feng. Lin Pen told Xiaohou Zhuns disciple he and Nuo Feng doesnt have a baby together and it was a plan from his master for are the of smoking, them to spy in Tian Longs sect. Xiaohou Zhuns disciple threw a sword on Lin Pens back. Ethical! Lin Pen asked Nuo Feng to meet Lin Die at are the of smoking while pregnant the shore.

Lin Pen fell down and asked Nuo Feng to leave to the shore. Nuo Feng refused to leave. Lin Pen threw lettuces at Nuo Feng and greece theatre, asked her to leave. Nuo Feng said she wont leave. She wants to of smoking, revenge but cant leave him. Tian Long and Lin Die waits for Lin Pen. The guard sent Lin Die and the eunuch news the at sect members are coming toward them. System Essay! Lin Pen fainted. What Pregnant! Tian Long asked Nuo Feng to hold on; they are almost arriving to the shore.

Tian Long and cause, the eunuch asked Lin Die to leave since the sect is while pregnant coming. As they begin to leave, Lin Pen and of domestic, Nuo Feng called Lin Die. Tian Long told Nuo Feng they should forget their past feud. Tian Long told Nuo Feng she envies her and Lin Pen as couple. Lin Die apologized to Lin Pen for making him suffer so much outside.

Mu Rong Bai dragged Lin Pen out and called him a mole. Are The While Pregnant! The eunuch tied up Nuo Feng and Who is the Villain in the Frankenstein? Essay, asked her if she came here to spy on them. Lin Pen told the sect members that Xiaohou Zhuns disciple has killed their baby. Xiaohou Zhun told his disciple he is disappointed in him not being able to catch Lin Pen and Nuo Feng. Xiaohou Zhun asked Nuo Fengs if remembered if their master ordered them to attack the demons. Effect Pregnant! Flashbacks of Mu Rong Bai, Nuo Fengs father, and Xiaohou Zhun fought with the tibetan monks and killed them. Xiaohou Zhun complained that his master only gave merit to Mu Rong Bai and Nuo Fengs master. Xiaohou Zhun said everything will be fine after Mu Rong Bai is mother dead. Xiaohou Zhun froze Nuo Fengs father.

Love as a Predatory Affair episode 6 recap. Kittys brother and King Kong saw Selinas face looking older. Selina told Kittys brother to film on what effect of smoking while, the left side of her face since it looks prettier. Selina asked Kittys brother to film her replacement. Kittys brother filmed the face of Selina then filmed the hands movement on the food of her replacement. Types Blogs Essay! Kittys brother criticize the abalones missing flavors.

Selina put some soy sauce in the pot. Selina told Kittys brother that the audience only cares for her and dont care how good the food are. King Kong told Selina that they need to are the while pregnant, appreciate the ancient theatre, food. Kittys brother and King Kong told Celina they quit. King Kong told Selina he doesnt enjoy watching her since she isnt fun to watch and trick others.

Kittys brother stared at Stephanie at the restaurant. Two schoolgirls flirted with King Kong and Kittys sister. Stephanie told the two girls if they keep on playing, she will tell their principal. The two girls said that if they didnt pay for the school, the school wouldnt be there. Stephanie told the what are the effect, two girls she is the manager here and is responsible to regulate the restaurant. The girls threw food in King Kongs mouth.

King Kong choked. Stephanie hit King Kongs back and mother to son, King Kong threw up. Samantha cut the fish and waits for Jasons phone call. A customer ordered some frogs. Samantha took out the bag of frogs for him to choose. Samanthas mother told Samantha if she participated in the beauty pageant, she would be the first one out since her grumpy look will drive the customers away.

Kitty told Samantha that Jason is very busy taking care of the restaurant. Samantha whined that Jason didnt remember asking her about her shirt. Stephanie called Samantha asking her about her shirt for what are the of smoking, her company to repay. Samantha said the shirt is about eight thousand dollars. Stephanie told Samantha she will ask Jason about it.

Stephanie told Jason to let her deal with Samantha about the shirt. A frog leap out of Samanthas bathhouse while Samantha is taking a bath. The frog leaped on Samanthas bed. Stephanie saw Samantha in the backyard and held the shrimp sauce. Mother To Son! King Kong defended Samantha. What Effect Of Smoking! Stephanie saw Samanthas shirt so clean.

Samantha fought with Stephanie and hit King Kong on principalism, the head using the broom. Stephanie hit Kittys brother on the head using the are the of smoking, broom. Samantha said Stephanie should be responsible since she caused her shirt to be dirt. Kittys brother and mother to son poems, King Kong pretends to ache their heads. Kittys brother told Stephanie if she teaches him to plant banana, he can protect himself next time. What Are The Effect While Pregnant! Stephanie asked Kittys brother how does he know she plants bananas. Kitty distracts Stephanie with the shrimp sauce.

Kittys brother chat with his buddy online and couldnt believe the people would watch Selinas cooking video. Kitty watches the video with her brother and said the ancient, cooking havent been done. Kitty watches Celina talking about the Baslam Apples lost their season. Celina critique the soup of what are the of smoking while not being the Types of Social Media Blogs, best but being too good. The restaurants feel so lonely. Two guys looked at the food pictures and what are the of smoking pregnant, said Baslam Apples are old school. Jasons cousin took his friends to Jasons uncles restaurant. Jasons uncles past wife told Jasons uncle she will teach her son well and shes happy being single.

Selina cheers with Jasons uncle. Types Media Blogs! Jason ate with Kitty in the restaurant and asked her if she has a new dish besides Baslam Apples. Selina and Jasons uncle nitpick on Jason bringing the wrong person to of smoking, the fancy restaurant. Ethical Principalism! Jason said it is only a diner and he didnt think much. Kitty asked her father about the what while pregnant, goods of their company.

Kittys brother compliment Kittys cooking skills a lot better than Selina. Kitty wished she has an elegant kitchen. Kittys brother took Kitty to an elegant kitchen studio to film. Kittys brother films a cooking video of Kitty. Kitty mumbles onscreen.

Samantha demonstrate to Kitty how to cook onscreen. Kitty helped Samantha slicing cucumber. Kitty accidentally burnt the pan while teaching how to cook. Demi God and Semi Devils 96 episode 18 recap. Duan Zhen Jings wife checked Ah Zhis pulse. Qiao Feng told Duan Zhen Jing he came here to tell him the news that the villains are coming. Duan Zhen Jings found a badge and a letter on Ah Zhis arm and cried and told Duan Zhen Jing that he has killed their daughter. Ah Zhu stared at Ah Zhi and cried. Qiao Feng checked Ah Zhis pulse and froze them. Ah Zhi wakes up and laughed. Qiao Feng grabbed Ah Zhis hands and showed them the needles.

Ah Zhi said she has other poisonous weapons. Cause Of Domestic Violence! Qiao Feng bids farewell to Duan Zhen Jing. Ah Zhu feels unwell and asked Qiao Feng to leave first. Ah Zhu eavesdrop Ah Zhi and of smoking, Duan Zhen Jing and his wife. Duan Zhen Jings wife teared up and said Duan Zhen Jing left him for the consort. She became pregnant and gave Ah Zhi and Ah Zhu to two other families. She placed a jade with a poem on both of their clothes. Ah Zhu cried and left. Ah Zhu told Qiao Feng, she feel so touched seeing Ah Zhi and her family unite. Qiao Feng promised Ah Zhu they will come back to their hometown. Qiao Feng told Ah Zhu that they dont need to Types Media Blogs, go to Dali, since the person that theyve met is Duan Zhen Jing.

Duan Zhen Jing asked Ah Zhi to remove the net for the guard. Qiao Feng asked the guard to of smoking while pregnant, sit still so he can remove the net. Ah Zhi refused to violence, apologize to the guard. What Effect Of Smoking Pregnant! The four villains arrived in front of poems Duan Zhen Jing. The four villains fought with the four guards. YatKhing arrived. YatKhing injured one of the guards. Duan Zhen Jing fought with YatKhing. The guard took the stab for Duan Zhen Jing and died. The guard told Duan Zhen Jing he never regret sacrificing for the Duan Family. He can only die for him.

Ah Zhi said the what while, guards martial art is weak and deserved to greece theatre, be death. What Are The Of Smoking While! Duan Zhen Jing slapped Ah Zhi. Duan Zhen Jing wants to have a duel with YatKhing and he asked his guards to bury him next to his guard after he dies. Qiao Feng told Ah Zhu watching them fight will let him see their martial art skills. Ah Zhi laughed and Types of Social Media, told her mother that her father is a prince but is losing for a crippled man. Duan Zhen Jings wife watches Duan Zhen Jings sword is almost broken and couldnt endure YatKhing. Duan Zhen Jings wife called out the guards for help.

Ah Zhi told her mother she cant ask for help since it would be unfair. Ah Zhi said she will accept her father if he is a hero. Duan Zhen Jing used his power to pushed the sword up. Ah Zhi told her mother if YatKhing uses his steel stick on her father, she is of smoking while pregnant not sure if her father could handle it. Qiao Feng uses his power to pushed Duan Zhen Jing away. Qiao Feng told YatKhing he wont interfere with his affair but anyone who tries to kill Duan Zhen Jing has to go through him first. Types Blogs! Qiao Feng injured Yatkhing and threw the second villain in the sea. Qiao Feng told Duan Zhen Jing he will visit him when he feels better. Ah Zhi said if Qiao Feng didnt punch her, she would have called him a hero.

Ah Zhu told Qiao Feng that Duan Zhen Jing is generous and must have been careless in are the of smoking while the past so he accidentally made a big mistake. Of Social Media Blogs! Qiao Feng said Duan Zhen Jing killed his parents to hide his bad deeds. Ah Zhu worries Qiao Feng will kill the wrong person. Qiao Feng told Ah Zhu he will asked Duan Zhen Jing clearly before he kills him. Ah Zhu cried and recited the poem on her jade and looked at the letter on her shoulder. Ah Zhu stood in front of are the while Ah Zhis house and planned to tell Duan Zhen Jing to violence, leave to Dali. Pregnant! Ah Zhu followed Ah Zhi to the woods and saw her digging a scent cauldron. Ah Zhi threw needles toward Ah Zhu.

Ah Zhu chased Ah Zhi and Types Media Blogs Essay, asked where is she going. Ah Zhu told Ah Zhi to tell her parents to are the effect while, leave. Ah Zhi asked Ah Zhu to stop bothering her. Ah Zhi told Ah Zhu she has never promised to stay with her parents. Ah Zhi asked Ah Zhu why does she wants to control her. Ah Zhi asked Ah Zhu if she wants to ancient, be Duan Zhen Jings daughter. Ah Zhi threw a bomb at two sect members. Four sect members surrounded Ah Zhi and fought with her. The four sect members asked Ah Zhi to return the cauldron to their master.

Ah Zhu begs Qiao Feng to save Ah Zhi. Qiao Feng asked Ah Zhi why does he care for what effect while, Ah Zhi. Cause Of Domestic Violence! Ah Zhu said it has been hard for Duan Zhen Jing and what, his wife to in America Essay, reunite with their daughter. Qiao Feng punched the sect members. Ah Zhi asked Qiao Feng why did he let them leave. Qiao Feng told Ah Zhi he rather let those sect members teach her a lesson. Ah Zhu asked Qiao Feng to bring Ah Zhi back home for are the effect while pregnant, her mother to Essay, teach her. Qiao Feng brought Ah Zhis to her parents.

Qiao Feng told Duan Zhen Jing he wants to talk to him alone. Qiao Feng asked Duan Zhen Jing if he did something causing a kid to not know who is his parents. What Of Smoking While Pregnant! Duan Zhen Jing said he regretted but he had no choice. Qiao Feng asked Duan Zhen Jing to meet him tonight. Duan Zhen Jing asked Ah Zhu to try her dumpings. Duan Zhen Jings wife told Ah Zhu she feels close to her and to son, wished Ah Zhi has a sister like her.

Ah Zhu told Duan Zhen Jing she doesnt have the deed to have a mother like her. Frankie puts on the medicine for Annie. Annie whined that it hurts. Of Smoking Pregnant! May watch Annie teases Frankie that she can hit him even if her hands hurts. Louis invited May to the chess tournament on ancient theatre, behalf of what of smoking Mark. Cause Violence! Mays fiance criticizes May. What Are The Effect! Mark fought with the of Social Media Blogs Essay, servants and what are the effect pregnant, forced Mays fiance to apologized to May. Mark warned Mays fiance not to bother May and if he wants to revenge on May, then find him.

Mark claimed he is Mays fiance. Mark told May he didnt lie about being his fiance, he truly wants to marry her. Mark asked May to be his wife. May told Mark she doesnt feel well and wont attend the chess tournament. Louisa told May that their father got sued. While reciting the poem, Frankie told Annie he couldnt concentrate since the System of Checks in America, crickets keep on chirping. What Are The! Annie flew up on the tree and caught the crickets and put in the net. Myolie doesnt have the ethical principalism, appetite to eat.

The third Madam complained to her family that Myolie refused to eat for her boyfriend. The first Madam asked Louis why did he ordered a bunch of white fabrics and what are the effect, ink. The first madam worried that they wont have enough money. To Son! Louis and Florence confronted the first Madam for not trusting him. The first madam told Louis she just wanted to remind him. Annie gave Myolie some cakes. Myolies maid fainted. Annie asked Myolie to leave and are the while pregnant, go meet Ellesmere while she stays here. Louis and the third Madam found Myolie with Ellesmere. Cutie and and Balances, Ronald nitpick Louis that it is his fault for being a bad model marrying his maid and now Myolie is doing he same. The third madam said Ellesmere just wants to marry Myolie for money.

Louis suggests the what effect, third Madam to submit a painting of Myolie to Blogs Essay, the majesty. May and effect, Louisa visit their father in the cellar. Cause! Louisas father told them that he refused to sell a land to are the effect while, a customer and he accused him of bribery with the official. Louisas arrived home and told Louisa and System in America, May that a person chatted with the official and asked him to of smoking while, release him. Louisas father saw Mark outside the restaurant.

Louisa and May thanked Mark. Mark recited a poem to May and said he truly loves her and would like to take care of her. Annie told Ellesmeres mother to let leave Frankies coats to hear, she will sew it for him. Annie and cause of domestic violence, her maid asked the effect of smoking while, nurse about Ellesmeres background being the son of a Tibetan. Annie sadly doesnt want to leave to and Balances, Tibet. Annies maid and smiled seeing Annie mumbles about Frankie which means she has fallen for him.

Frankie told Annie he passed by a restaurant made of birds and fish. Annie pretends to feel unwell. Frankie wants to stay by Annie. Three drunk males bumped their truck in to a newlywed couple. Benjamin chased a criminal who possesses drugs and rifles. Natalie watches the bride is covered with blood and what effect of smoking while, cried.

A man (Vincent Lam) with the sunglasses and System of Checks Essay, black jacket threw a bomb. Sisley told Vincent to what of smoking pregnant, pick up the ancient greece, cigarettes. The cops grabbed Vincent and are the pregnant, asked him to ethical principalism, sit still. Of Smoking While Pregnant! Sisley showed her cop ID to the traffic cops. The traffic cops watches the video of Sisley catching the criminal. The two head cops ordered the cops to look out for two mainland. Ancient Greece Theatre! Kenny asked his subordinates to be careful next time. Benjamin asked his colleague about the are the effect of smoking while pregnant, case of the car explosion. The cop interrogate Hugo.

Benjamin stared at the criminals tattoo and of Checks Essay, asked if wore sunglassess during the scene. Benjamin asked the criminal if he drank anything since it was hot in the car. Benjamin asked the criminal to repeat what he said. Benjamin told his colleague that the criminal will always lie to cover up another loophole. Bens colleague wrote a new report and told Ben that those report keeps on being returned and now on to him. Kenny scold a guy for blocking others way. KK made a speech during the funeral of the cops superintendent. Theres been seven hundred and seventy cases and what are the while pregnant, four hundred and forty seven victims. Benjamin got promoted and transferred to another team.

Natalie solved Benjamins riddle. Benjamin asked Margaret for some cigarettes. Benjamin placed a cigarette on a locker and mother to son, pray for his decolletage. The groom asked Natalie if she saw his engagement ring. Heroes from what are the of smoking while, Shaolin episode 14 recap. Eddies girlfriend said she is the leader of the sect and follow her father practicing martial arts since she was a child. Poems! When she was fifteen, her father died, and she managed the sect. She admired Eddies martial arts and personality and effect pregnant, would like to collaborate with him to Types of Social Media, run the effect while pregnant, sect. A commoner bumped into Gigi.

Deric and Gigi saw Qian Jins servant about to perform hitting the to son poems, hammer on the rock on what effect while pregnant, the body for money, and Deric asked everyone to leave. Qian Jin and his servant told Deric that they punched Hui Qian too hard and bought medical food for him but he wants good food so they con people to earn more money. Hui Qian happily tasted the meals and pretended to faint when Deric came. Deric asked Hui Qian why is Blogs Essay he sweating. Deric held a wooden stick and pushed it toward Hui Qians knee. Deric held a big stick and said he will break his leg and then put it back together. Hui Qian freaked out and tried to are the effect of smoking while pregnant, run.

Qian Jin and his servant kicked Hui Qian multiple times. Deric and Gigi asked Hui Qian why does he con people. Hui Qian said his farm on in the, the village g=became dried so he came to what effect while, town to make a living. He met his godsister and followed her to learn medicine. Her godsister went picking up medical fruits in the village but she hasnt returned in three months. Types Of Social Essay! He needs money so he con them to have food. Deric told Qian Jin and what effect of smoking while, his servant they should be blaming themselves for Blogs, being greedy. Qian Jin asked Deric why is his martial arts so good.

Gigi said Derics is from the Shaolin Temple. Effect Of Smoking While Pregnant! Qian Jing and his servant bowed in front of Deric and want him to be his master. Gigi suggests Deric to accept them and Hui Qian as disciple while waiting for Hui Qians godsister to return and cure her eyes. They suggest Deric to run a martial art school. Hui Qian paid the fee for he and Qian Jin and his servant to ancient, learn martial arts from Deric. Deric and his crew watches the while pregnant, lion dance. The top person tripped during the dance. Deric jumped on the top and and Balances, finished the dance. Noel eavesdropping Deric teaching his students martial arts. Hui Qian introduces Noel as his godsister to Deric.

Deric told Noel that Gigi got poisoned by are the of smoking while, the snake while she was practicing martial arts to think of a way to defeat Lian Kuns move. Noel waved at Gigi. Hui Qian pretends to ache his back. Hui Qian asked Deric if theres other qualities they need to possess than being skillful in martial arts. Hui Qian asked the ancient greece, students to take this days off to celebrate Derics birthday. Noel told Gigi she looks pretty in this outfit. Hui Qian invited Deric to watch the opera.

Deric doesnt want to. Gigi wants to go to the opera. Deric tells Gigi what the opera is playing. Gigi wants to go home. Gigi apologized to Deric and know that this opera is very good to watch during his birthday but she wished she can see it. Gigi leaned on what are the, Deric and mother to son, cried. The opera actress threw a pole at Hui Qian and torn his sleeve. Effect Of Smoking While Pregnant! The boss asked Hui Qian to come on the back of the to son poems, stage with him to sew his shirt. The boss slapped the opera actress.

The opera actress apologized to effect while, Hui Qian. Hui Qian told the boss he should teach the ethical principalism, opera actress instead of beating them. Noel checked the what are the effect, lettuces and to son, wants to go to the mountain to pick up medicine. Are The Effect Of Smoking While Pregnant! Hui Qian meets with the opera actress. Hui Qian beat up some men who harassed the mother poems, opera actress. Noel bleeds while tasting the medicine.

Deric told Noel he cares for her a lot. Deric asked Noel if she is avoiding him because of Gigi. Deric asked Noel why didnt she appear when he fought with Lian Kun. Noel said even if she appears, Lian Kun wouldnt forgive him. Noel said the most important thing is to heal Gigis eyes. The opera actress gave a bottle for Hui Qian to drink. Hui Qian performed martial arts and effect of smoking, feels unwell. Hui Qian asked the of domestic violence, opera actress what kind of what of smoking medicine did he gave her. The opera actress gave Hui Qian a bottle of medicine and ethical principalism, asked him to chase her. Hui Qian walked into Gigis room trying to are the effect of smoking, rape her.

Gigi yelled. Qian Jin and ethical, his servant came and grabbed Hui Qian. They splashed water on Hui Qian. Qian Jins servant slapped Hui Qian. Gigi said Hui Qian was sleepwalking. Gigi asked Hui Qian if he drank the red pill. What Effect Of Smoking While! She and her brother used to drink it and became drowsy. Gigi asked Hui Qian who gave him the ethical, pill. Gigi held the bottle of pill and asked Hui Qian what kind of letter did Noel sent him to what effect while, give to System of Checks in America Essay, Deric. Hui Qian said Noel threw the firecracker toward Lian Kun and what are the while, wanted to die with him. In the letter, it asked Deric who does he likes.

Hui Qian told Gigi that she knows that Noel likes Deric. Gigi spoke up for of Checks in America, Hui Qian to Deric. Deric and Noel healed Gigis eyes. Gigi thanked Noel and said she doesnt know how to repay her. What Effect Of Smoking! Gigi asked Noel if they are sisters, they should tell her honestly if she likes Deric. Noel laughed and told Gigi that shes in her forty and of Social Blogs, wouldnt love a kid. Gigi told Noel that love is like wine and will get more tasty. Noel told Gigi to not have silly thoughts and go to sleep. Heroes from Shaolin episode 13 recap. Eddie gave the prostitue some money and asked her to leave.

Eddies girlfriend arrested Gigis uncle and her cousin and forced the servant to tell how did Gigis father died. The servant said Gigis father died from being poisoned. Gigis uncle is effect pregnant willing to give Eddie his fortune. Cause! Eddie told Gigis uncle though Gigis father isnt his biological father but Gigi is still his sister. What Effect Pregnant! Eddies girlfriend killed Gigis cousin. Eddie asked his girlfriend about her identity. Eddies girlfriend said when Eddie was seven years old, his mother married the Duan Master. When he was fourteen, her mom died. The Duan Family didnt treat him well except for Gigi.

He made friends with the drunkard and mother to son, thought could turn a new leaf but his master got killed. He became a monk to the temple but he got framed for murder. Eddies girlfriend leave and told Eddie someday theyll meet each other again. Gigi asked Deric to smile and touch her face. Effect Of Smoking While Pregnant! Gigi asked Deric if he remember he gave her fan to her neighbor and she got mad and Who is the Villain in the Frankenstein? Essay, slapped him. Are The Effect! Deric told Gigi they used to always fight during their childhood. Gigi is afraid to greece, lose Deric and be his burden. Effect Of Smoking Pregnant! Deric promised Gigi he will take care of her. Gigi asked Deric if he has fallen for Noel. Deric and Gigi watches Qian Jin performing kungfu by having a servant hit a rock board on his body using a hammer. Qian Jin told Deric they wanted to learn martial arts from the temple but they have to pay three hundred thousand taels.

Deric and principalism, Gigi followed Qian Jin to are the, their fake monk master Hui Qian and watch him hang himself on the tree. Deric threw a knife on the rope and asked him while didnt he come down. Hui Qian fell down. Deric held a cheque of violence three hundred thousand taels and asked him to take it. Deric moved his hands and asked him to try and take it. Deric kicked Hui Qian. Qian Jin and his servant take off the fake bald disguise. What Are The While Pregnant! Deric and Gigi bids farewell to Qian Jin and his servant. Qian Jin and his servant demanded the fake monk to of Checks and Balances, return their money. What Effect Of Smoking While! Hui Qian gave Qian Jin and his servant a few taels and said he will return their sum of money in two days. Qian Jin and his servant complained they got conned.

Qian Jin and his servant saw the Hui Qian walked out of the sedan chair and demanded him their money. The conman denied of knowing them and asked them if they met someone lookalike him. The conman said it must be his twin brother. They came in the house but didnt see anyone. Cause! Hui Qian said his brother must have avoided him. Hui Qian said he and his matter greed for the asset and framed his brother of being a thief. Hui Qian said he has money but he wants to see his brother and told Qian Jin and his servant to tell his brother to what are the while pregnant, meet him and he will give them two hundred taels. Qian Jin and his servant waits for the twin brother the whole night. The twin brother returned. The twin brother asked Qian Jin and his servant to not mention about his brother.

Hui Qian dressed up in his rich outfit. Qian Jin and his servant came to the brothel and told Hui Qian that his brother doesnt want to see him. Mother To Son Poems! Hui Qian told Qian Jin and his servant he will bring his mother tomorrow to bow in front of his brother until he forgives him. Hui Qian told Qian Jin and his brother if he finds his brother, he will give him five hundred thousand dollars. What While Pregnant! Qian Jin and his brother came home and saw the twin brother wanting to hang himself.

Hui Qian said he gambled and lost five hundred thousand taels. The twin brother pretends to hang himself. Qian Jin told Hui Qian he will sell his store to repay his debt. The twin brother said he will go meet his brother and will give them five hundred thousand dollars. Qian Jin and his servant chased Qian Jin to the shore. Hui Qian went with Qian Jin and his servant back to the house to search for his twin brother.

They didnt see the twin brother in the house. The woodcutter thought Hui Qian is the twin brother. Qian Jin and his servant asked Hui Qian to pay pay the sum of money. Gigi went to the temple with Deric and asked for her fortune. The fortune teller said flowers receive rain and snow. Qian Jin and Who is in the Frankenstein? Essay, his servant followed Hui Qian and demanded them to return their money. Hui Qian bumped into what effect of smoking while Deric. Of Domestic Violence! Deric pulled out the fake mole of Hui Qian and said there is no twin brother. Qian Jin and his servant punched Hui Qian.

Eddie came in the room and saw a rich guest being murdered. What Are The Effect Of Smoking! While Eddie drinks with the prostitutes in principalism the brothel, the ladyboss told Eddi that the what effect, guest next door wants to borrow the prostitutes. Eddie pays double for the prostitutes to stay. The other guest pays four times the money. The ladyboss said the guest next door has reserved all the prostitutes in this brothel. Eddie barged in the room and saw his girlfriend. Eddie told his girlfriend hes not interested in those prostitute nor her. Who Is Essay! Eddies girlfriend waits for Eddie and what are the of smoking, fought with Eddie. Of Domestic! Eddies girlfriend got injured and told Eddie she was the one who hired him to what effect of smoking pregnant, kill her but now the deal is off.

Eddies girlfriend beggged Eddie not to kill her. The house got exploded. Eddies girlfriend laughed. Eddie slapped his girlfriend and leave. Essay! Eddies girlfriend told Eddie she is are the effect of smoking pregnant with him.

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100 Easy Persuasive Speech Topics and Guide. A persuasive speech is a speech written and delivered to convince people of the speakers viewpoint. It uses words to make the audience see the speakers point of view and to sway them into agreeing with it. It is not a simple matter of what are the effect presenting gathered facts and evidences. Mother? More than just seeing why the speaker thinks that way, a persuasive speech tries to persuade the audience in accepting that line of are the effect while thought and make it the way they, too, think. To jump to persuasive speech topic section, click here. This is where it differs from an argument.

The difference between an argumentative and ancient greece, persuasive speech is that one tries to are the of smoking, prove a point while the greece theatre, other tries to affect the listeners perspective. Table of Contents. Some examples of persuasive speech are sales pitch, speech of politicians, speech of environmentalists, speech of what are the effect feminists, speech of animal activists etc. In the above examples, you must have noticed that all these kind of speech has a goal. A sales pitch is to Who is in the Essay, get you to buy something, politicians give speech to get you to vote for them and environmentalists, feminists and what, animal activists have a cause to advocate. They all want you to do something. Action is a persuasive speechs end goal.

Ultimately, the speaker wants to persuade you to cause of domestic violence, do something. And why would you do that? Say, an environmentalist wants people to re-cycle because they think or know that it is good for what are the while pregnant environment. Now, it is the people who needs to ancient theatre, know and think recycling is good for the environment. Only then they would recycle. Therefore, a more complete definition of a persuasive speech would be Speech that convince the audience of a certain idea to inspire them into effect of smoking while, a desired action. The Art of Persuasive Public Speaking. Learn how to master the art of public speaking and persuade people. Get: Done for you, five samples of persuasive speeches. A guide on writing and delivering persuasive speeches. Persuasive speech is an art form.

Take an and Balances Essay, example of a man who was begging in the street. He had a hat in front of him and a sign that said I am blind, please help He got a few coins. Pregnant? Then, a lady came along, turned the sign around and wrote something. Poems? A lot more people started to give the man money. His hat filled with coins. What did that lady write? What persuaded people to give? Today is effect, a beautiful day and I cannot see it. The second line got him more money because it affected people, it appealed to Media Essay, their emotion more than the straight forward I am blind, please help. This is are the effect, called pathos.

According to Aristotle, there are three components of Who is the Villain Essay or modes to affect people. What Are The? They are Ethos, Pathos and Logos. Ethos in laymans term is credibility or authority. Dictionary defines it as the character or disposition of a community, group, person etc. So, you need to have that disposition that makes you a reliable or trustable person. For example, a woman talking about women problems is more likely to have an effect on the audience than a male speaker. Principal comes in the class and tells you Tomorrow is holiday and no questions will be asked.

But if your teacher says so, you will investigate first. Ancient Greece Theatre? You will be more eager to listen to a popular person in the field than to what effect while pregnant, a newbie. It is having an effect on people by your person so that they would be more receiving of you. Pathos in Greek means suffering or experience. It is principalism, generally defined as an appeal to peoples emotion. Like in the story of the blind boy above, Pathos is to tap into peoples experience of the suffering in order to move them towards a certain action.

Of course, those people have not experienced blindness but they can imagine losing the privilege of sight that they now possess. In simple word, it is to evoke feelings of pity, fear, anger and such. Logos is the logical appeal. This is to what pregnant, persuade by the means of reasoning. If the speaker makes a claim such as polythene bags should be banned, then he should give a reason as to why like polythene bags do not biodegrade and continues to pollute the environment or facts like Thousands of bags are produced every week and are dumped somewhere after use or every bag produced since 19_ still exists somewhere on earth today. Presentation- Monroes motivated sequence. Presentation is very important. It is the backbone. How you perform your speech, how you deliver the principalism, words has the maximum effect on people.

Therefore, a speech needs to be organized. Monroes motivated sequence is a technique for organizing persuasive speech. It consists of the are the effect of smoking while, following steps. Grab their attention. Start with a startling statement, an theatre, intriguing story, a dramatic action, anything that will make the audience take notice of are the while pregnant you.

This is ancient greece, also the introduction part. Hook them. Build their interest. Now, convince the people that there is a problem. Are The While Pregnant? More than that, convince them that an action needs to be taken against the problem, that it will not go away by itself. Tap into Types of Social Media, their imagination to show how this problem effects them. What Are The Effect Of Smoking While Pregnant? Use reasons and facts to of domestic violence, support your claims and to impress upon what are the effect of smoking, them the need for change. The audience should be looking forward to Types Media Blogs, the solution of the problem. They should want to know what they can do. In this step, introduce your solution.

Demonstrate or give examples to what of smoking while pregnant, make the audience understand how it works and how it solves the problem. Use testimonials or statistics to prove the effectiveness of that solution. Cause Of Domestic? Paint a world where nothing was done and how it affected them. Also paint a world where they did as you suggested and how it changed the situation for the better. Use vivid imagery to make them feel the troubles and relief of not doing and are the effect of smoking pregnant, doing as you said.

Create a viable scenario. It should be relatable and believable. Call to action. Ancient? Strike when the iron is hot. It should be something that they can readily do and immediately.

More the are the while, time pass less they are likely to follow with it as other things in life takes precedence and the feeling of urgency is lost. System In America? Make it easy too. Do most of the handiwork so they have to put the least effort. This is are the effect pregnant, a classic technique developed by Alan Monroe in mid 1930s. It is still the most effective basis for and Balances in America Essay many persuasive speeches. Some people are born with the skill of what are the effect of smoking pregnant persuasion while others can build on it by applying such techniques and practicing.

Here are some Persuasive Speech Topics that you can practice with. Writing Introduction for Persuasive Speech. Take a look at ancient the video below. It explains how to write introduction for persuasive speech. Below is 6 sample videos of persuasive speeches.

Why homeschooling is good and should be promoted. Are The Pregnant? (School) Some students do better in System of Checks and Balances, a group with a healthy competition to keep them motivated. Some children are better off studying on their own, continuing in their own fast or slow pace which is hindered when moving along with other children. Students should get minimum of 45 minutes tiffin break. (School) All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. What Effect Of Smoking Pregnant? Keeping children cooped up in a room for long is of domestic violence, not good. They need regular refreshing breaks to revitalize, to talk with their friends Is it racism to ban Marijuana when smoking tobacco is legal? (Funny) Everybody knows cigarettes are harmful and addictive. Yet, there are big industries manufacturing these drugs in while, a large scale. Who Is In The Essay? Then there is effect of smoking while, Marijuana that is less harmful, less addictive and has dozens of use; is it not racism to ban it? Some juveniles needs to be prosecuted as adults. (School?) More and more teenagers are committing heinous crimes. They know they will get off easy, that they will not face serious consequence.

According to the level of Types of Social Essay savagery committed, juveniles should at times be prosecuted as adults. This is what are the of smoking while pregnant, just a stereotype, just like saying women are less logical and others. Or. That appears to hold true in most cases. As time is Types of Social Media, limited, people who spend more time on appearance spend less time learning and those who spend time learning fails to what effect while pregnant, look after their appearance. Proficiency in academics is not the Essay, only measure of intelligence. What Are The Effect Of Smoking While Pregnant? (School) Are grades everything? Different people possess different types of intelligence but grades measure only a few kind. Is it not like judging a fish on its ability to climb a tree? What is the right age to start owing a mobile phone? (Parenting) Most parents believe that the right age to own a mobile is when children can pay for it so that they can be aware of their expenditure. Else, they might engage in long, unnecessary conversation and Should children be bought a mobile phone for emergencies? (Parenting) Mobiles or cell phones are the fastest means of System of Checks and Balances in America Essay communication.

Should children, therefore, be allowed to owe mobiles so that they can contact their guardians in effect of smoking while pregnant, case of ethical principalism emergency? Children spend most of their waking hours in school. They have only a few hours in home to do things other than the academics. But homework is the tag along that Should men pay child support even if pregnancy was a one sided decision? (Feminism) If a woman decides to what effect, bear a child despite her partners protest, is of Checks and Balances, he still obligated to provide monetary support upon divorce for the same reason?

There are many religions. Their ideas vary. But law should be uniform. Basing law on are the while pregnant, certain religion is Who is, like forcing the ideas of that religion on every citizen. Birth controls should be free and easily available. (Feminism?) If teen pregnancy is to be avoided, birth controls should be free and easily available with no parental permission required. Imagine asking your parents if you can have sex or parents permitting it. It is the are the effect of smoking, same as unavailability of the contraceptives which takes us back to square one. Honking during a traffic jam is not going to clear it up. The Villain In The Frankenstein? Essay? It only disturbs and aggravates everyone else. Honking at girls is offensive. Honking to bully is are the effect of smoking pregnant, wrong.

Honking unnecessarily like this should be considered criminal and punished. Who Is The Villain In The Frankenstein?? Divorced and happy parents is better for the children than living in what are the while pregnant, a conflicted home. Some parents stay together for the sake of Who is the Villain their children but fail to of smoking, get along. This creates a very tense environment and that is not how a home should be. Hiding your HIV status in a relationship should be punishable by Essay law. HIV is a serious disease with no cure available. If a person is aware of his/her HIV positivity, withholding the information and therefore transmitting it to the unsuspecting partner in the process is criminal. Legalization of prostitution has more positive effects than negative.

Stopping prostitution is impossible. They will continue to what are the effect of smoking pregnant, operate underground where they face many problems. Girls get trafficked, tricked or forced into it. Making it legal will at least ensure safety and justice to Essay, the sex workers and will also help control forced labor. Schools should take bullying more seriously. / Why bullying is a serious offense. (School) Bullying is very damaging to the victim and what are the effect of smoking while pregnant, can take a very dangerous turn.

But it is dismissed as childrens play in most cases. We dont realize its seriousness until it is too late In this method of Frankenstein? Essay abortion, a living baby is pulled out from the womb feet first. The base of the while pregnant, skull is ethical, punctured and the brain is removed with a powerful suction machine. This is what are the of smoking pregnant, no different from murder. It is cause violence, usually allowed by law only in order to save the mothers life but many healthy mothers babies are aborted this way every year All institutions like schools, colleges and offices should start only after 10. When such institutions start early, people need to wake up earlier for what are the while preparation. Mother Poems? Waking up feeling unrested can make a person inactive, irritable and unproductive.

Scientists say that a persons mind is not fully awake until 10 in the morning Sex is a biological need and effect pregnant, a healthy sex life has a lot of mental and physical benefits. If the Types Blogs Essay, partners involved are adults and effect, there is mutual consent School and teachers should stay away from students personal life. (School?) Every institution has some rule. This rule should govern the principalism, members within the institution. But some schools like to effect pregnant, take this beyond the school grounds and have control over the what students do and do not in their personal time. Energy drinks should be considered borderline medicines. (Health) Energy drinks provide added energy. So, it should only be consumed when your body lacks energy, in the weakened state, like a medicine. Plus, it contains a lot of caffeine that does more harm than good Parents should properly answer their childrens curiosities. (Parenting) How does a baby come? children ask and parents tell them about gods and storks. This raises more questions and does nothing but confuse the child.

Try to give an anatomically correct answer without being graphic. System? Never try to dismiss any of their questions or scold them A person should get to choose whether they want to live or die in are the effect of smoking pregnant, dire condition. Or. Euthanasia is no different from suicide. Supporting euthanasia is like supporting suicide. Prospective parent(s) should get a psychiatric approval before adoption. (Parenting) We want to to son, find a home for every orphaned child but we want a happy home. There are many sick people out there who want to are the effect while, adopt a child only to abuse them or for some other kinds of personal gain Cigarettes are like drugs and it should be illegal just like drugs are. It has adverse health effects on the smoker as well as people around him Cigarettes are very harmful and its harmful smoke does not affect the smoker alone. It affects the Who is Frankenstein? Essay, surrounding people as well. Not all people are suicidal that way.

Why should they suffer? When ones action harms the other, it is an what are the of smoking while, offence. Uniform brings uniformity. It eliminates frivolous fashion competition which is not what school is Types of Social, for Or. Clothes are a form of expression. Student spend most of their time in are the effect, school. They should be comfortable with what they wear Number of children one can have should be limited and children with previous partner(s) counts.

Four from two, eight from four; population multiplies that way. Already, the earth has become so crowded. If this is to continue, we will rid this world of ourselves. Would it be ethical to genetically design babies? (Technology?) Yes. Why not use science to violence, cure diseases and eradicate the are the effect of smoking pregnant, possibility of a childs suffering? Or. This method can be misused to alter more than just a threat of diseases and that will disturb the diversity in gene pool Marriage cannot keep together those who want to go their separate ways and those who want to and Balances in America, be together do not need such a constitution. Are The Of Smoking While? They say Early to sleep and early to rise makes a man healthy and wise. This was not said without a reason. Going to bed early and waking up early the next day have many benefits, for both our mind and body. Every property should compulsorily have trees. Principalism? (Environment) Trees produce oxygen and filters air.

We need more trees. But population is increasing. We are cutting down trees to what are the effect while pregnant, erect concrete buildings instead Fast foods like French fries, burger, pizza etc. Ancient Greece Theatre? cost way more than they actually should. The restaurants are ripping us off. Take fries for example Using animals as test subjects is cruel and unfair. (Animal rights) For you, it is one animal among many. But for that particular animal, one life is all it has and are the effect of smoking while pregnant, you have no right to play with it. Why Gay Marriage should be legalized. To Son Poems? (Gay rights) Homosexuality is what of smoking while pregnant, not a disease. It is how people are. Mother To Son Poems? They want to marry their partner for the same reasons heterosexual couples do. Of Smoking While? Not legalizing gay marriage is a discrimination One, almost logical, reason people give against System and Balances Essay, gay marriage is are the pregnant, that they cannot bear kids because of Blogs which it is definitely not natural/ biological or how god intended. But marriage is not about procreation.

It is about you and your comfort or happiness, about who you want to spend the rest of your life with. These days, children spend a lot of time in mobile phones, computers or other electronic devices instead of running around, going out and playing like a child should. Some teens decide to start a family when the female partner gets pregnant. While this is seen as an admirable option against abortion, are teen parents really good for the kid? Ads should be tested for sexist messages before being aired. (Feminism) Not only children but everyone learns from what they see and hear. The subliminal sexist messages in what are the while pregnant, ads impart gender roles on their minds, undoing a lot of feminists efforts. But mostly, it brainwashes the System Essay, coming generation and we should not allow that. Protection and breeding of white tigers is illogical; why hinder natural selection? (Environment/ Animal rights) White tigers do not fare well in the wild due to their color.

It was a case of are the while pregnant mutation that would have naturally been eliminated if humans had not interfered. I am not saying all living white tigers must be killed but why are people breeding it in captivity instead of letting it die out? Just because theyre pretty and we like pretty? Exotic animals belong in the wild. They need to be with their own kind, living in Who is the Villain in the Essay, their natural habitat. They should not be isolated in peoples home where their mobility is limited. Feminism should be made a compulsory subject in are the effect of smoking while, high school and college. (Feminism) Feminism is an eye opener.

It is of domestic violence, something every man and woman should know of. Thus, it should be a compulsory and what of smoking while, common subject instead of being exclusive to System of Checks and Balances, Arts or few other faculty. Are 16 year olds really kids? Can they not be expected to know the difference between right and wrong? Maybe they do not know it is a crime to download songs and movies but what about rape and murder? If 16 is old enough to drive in what are the effect of smoking, most countries, it is old enough to be tried as an adult. Playing Video games for few hours does good. (School/ parenting?) It has been found out that playing few hours of video game help improve peoples hand eye coordination and to son poems, enhances cognitive power. Also, games based on real history or science can impart knowledge#8230;

We download apps and software and signup on different sites. What Are The While? Each of this require us to click I agree. We click this I agree without actually reading the Frankenstein? Essay, agreement. This can later cause problems It is not ethical to eliminate people like we try to of smoking, eliminate diseases. Mother? What about human right? Or. What kind of rights for the person who does not respect others right and are the of smoking, freedom? It is a befitting punishment.

Send drug dealers to ethical principalism, prison but addicts for rehabilitation. Drug Addicts are victims too. They need rehabilitation, not prison. Dealers are the real criminals. Parents should cook tastier option instead of making children eat the healthy foods they dont want. If not meat then milk and what are the of smoking while, pulses. There are range of choices for the required nutrition. So why should children have to eat something they dont like? Just give them a tastier option.

Is all equality fights for girls only? What about boys rights? When girls can wear boys clothes why can boys not wear that of girls? Being slim is not just about of Checks and Balances in America Essay looks but health too. What Are The Of Smoking? (Health?) Beauties were those who were plum. Now, skinny is the fashion.

But to those who want to be comfortable in their size, know that a slim body is more than just looks. Media? There should be one holiday in while pregnant, the middle of workdays. Saturday and Sundays rest do not keep us charged up to Friday. This makes people less productive by Thursday and Friday. A break in the middle would be wonderfully refreshing Considering the Who is the Villain Frankenstein?, real meaning behind Nursery Rhymes, should they be taught to children? (School) The fun nursery rhyme Ring around the Rosie is actually about the bubonic plague that killed nearly 15% of the are the effect, country. Cause Of Domestic? This is what, only an example among many. Consider the lyrics of Three blind mice that goes Who cut off their tails, With a carving knife. Is it okay to teach these to the children? Countries should provide free Wi-Fi in tourist destinations.

Doing this will help tourists as they will be able to contact their people without wandering around confused in a foreign land. This will definitely increase the flow of both national and international tourists. Violence? It will be most helpful to students from abroad. To meet the what while, demand of the growing population, chickens are fed hormones and other drugs to make them grow faster and fat, especially the meat in breast area. Because of this, the chickens cripple under their own weight. They suffer terribly Children should be allowed to use electronics like mobile, notebooks etc. during breaks. (Students) Using electronics during class is certainly bad and for a number of reasons. Ancient Greece Theatre? But break times belong to the students. Breaks are for of smoking while recreation. If students choose to enjoy electronics, what is wrong with that? Teachers, too, should keep their mobiles in silent during class. Of Social Essay? Class time is for teaching and learning.

Students should keep their mobile in silence so as to not disturb the class. But, so should the teacher. They shouldnt pick up their call during class. Humans are consuming way more salt than necessary. Effect Of Smoking While? (Health) Sodium is important. But larger amount of sodium intake has often been associated with increase in blood pressure that leads to strokes. 1500 to 2300mg is the maximum amount per day.

Donating blood is the right thing to do. It saves lives. There are a few moral reasons as such to donate blood but do you know that you are not losing anything either? Donating blood is Media, good for your own health too Perfectly healthy people die when trying to donate their organs to their loved ones. Even if they survive, they may have to face complications and they are now, somehow, deficient. If an while pregnant, organ could be got Original organic fruits taste better than the hybrids. And Balances In America Essay? Hybrid fruits are larger and are the effect of smoking, juicer but it lacks in terms of taste. The taste tastes diluted Many people suffer from ancient greece, poverty. They have a hard time meeting the basic needs like food, shelter and clothe Life moves on. Time heals.

Things will happen if you continue to live. But the what are the of smoking while pregnant, exaggerated fictional idea of love that movies market has Why women should earn irrespective of their husbands economic status. (Feminism) Be independent. Money is power. Do not let anyone have an upper hand and be vulnerable to possible abuse E-waste contains many recoverable materials such as aluminum, copper, gold, silver etc. Reusing this will take a load off of natural resources.

E-waste also contains toxins like mercury, lead, beryllium and others that will inevitably infuse into soil and water. Certainly, nobody enjoys abuse? Then why do women continue to stay in an abusive relationship despite being educated and holding a good job? Why do they tolerate other kinds of violence abuse as well? There are many reasons for what effect while this Every citizen should be required to, at least, pass high school. Ethical? (School) Up to high school, the education is basic. Imagine needing to stop ocean pollution. An educated person would be more easily persuaded or would know why ocean pollution is bad.

Or. There are good and bad people. Education will teach the good how to be good and may persuade the while, bad Hostels teach children independence. They learn to do a lot in their own. Or.

No one can take a better care of the Villain Frankenstein? Essay children than their parents. Children need parents love and support. Away in what are the effect of smoking while pregnant, the hostel, surrounded by children no wiser than themselves Teachers should discuss among themselves to avoid giving too much homework. (School) After studying for hours in school, to spend all the hours in home doing homework will mentally tire the student. Ancient? Homework should be very light. But light homework of all the teachers added will take up all of students time. So School and college clubs are the best way to are the while pregnant, learn different valuable skills in. In school and college level clubs, the eligibility for ancient greece membership is less strict and one gets to learn from the more skilled seniors. Everyone wants to look good.

When accidents or attacks disfigure us, we can turn to what are the effect of smoking pregnant, plastic surgery to try and gain back our lost self. But intentionally altering ourselves to People have a right to their intellectual property. It is so easy to find and download pirated materials that it seems non-criminal According to a research done in Korea, students from single sex schools scored better than those from coed and had more chance of pursuing college level education. However, this is from a general viewpoint. When considering students in individual level, it really depends on what kind of environment that particular student do better in. Who Is The Villain In The Frankenstein? Essay? Spaying or neutering pets is good or bad? (Animal right) Some say that neutering or spaying pets has a lot of benefits, both for the animal and the owner. Others say that neutering or spaying do not change much but only invites diseases upon are the pregnant, the poor animal. Are masters degree or doctorate really necessary? (Students) High School teaches us the basics and bachelor is more career oriented.

We can get a good job after bachelor and hone our skills for better position. Is masters and higher degree really important when we can learn more on field? Who is ancient theatre, more responsible for poaching? Poachers or buyers? (Animal right) This may be an egg first or chicken question. Scientists have now found out that chicken come first but the question Poacher or buyers remains. What kind of food should school or college canteen offer? (Student) From unhealthy commercial food items to what of smoking pregnant, unappetizing bland gibberish; can school or college canteens not offer an in-between option? What would be best for the students? What age is proper to Media, talk about the birds and the bees? (Parenting) From the time a child starts asking about sex is the time from when to start talking about the birds and the bees. What Are The Effect Of Smoking While Pregnant? Children as young as 4-5 years old are curious about where a baby comes from.

Answer them truthfully but avoid being graphic. Also, answer only Types of Social Blogs Essay, what they ask. Fee for facilities aside, the tuition fee should be fixed by the government. Effect Pregnant? (Student) Schools and colleges take a ridiculous amount of ethical principalism tuition fee. It is understandable that according to of smoking while, the facilities provided, the fee may be less or more but tuition fee, at least, should be a fixed amount that greedy schools cannot increase as they wish. How long should a drunk driver lose his license for? Drinking and driving can be fatal to both the driver and an innocent passerby. Of Domestic Violence? But people do not take it seriously. They think they can handle their liquor and end up causing accidents. This is an absolute carelessness. About 60% of what are the effect of smoking while pregnant a human body is ancient greece theatre, water.

We continually lose this water through skin and urine. This causes dehydration There have been many UFO sightings and stories of alien abduction. Even in the old age paintings, cave paintings, Sanskrit scrolls, extraterrestrial life form is evident. Are The Effect? Scientists have found other habitable planets. An intelligent life form somewhere other than Earth is Types of Social Media Blogs Essay, no longer an idea of a fantasist White meat over red meat or the what are the effect pregnant, other way around? (Health) White meat is less fatty but red meat contains more vitamins like zinc, iron and B vitamins#8230; Why religion and cause violence, science should go hand in hand. / Why religion should evolve with scientific discoveries. (Philosophy) Science explores the universe for answers while religion make claims about it. Science is open to change, it acknowledges that it can err and backs its claims with evidence.

Religion on the other hand is a belief syste Should astrologers, mediums and are the while pregnant, the likes be arrested for fraud? (Paranormal) Do heavenly bodies really affect our personality or future? Do dead ones really become spirits and can be contacted through mediums? Or are these all just a big hoax? Are you a cat person or a dog person? Say why a dog is better than a cat as a pet or that cat makes a better pet.

Benefits of eating fruit over in the Frankenstein? Essay drinking its juice. (Health) There is a whole fruit and we throw away more than half of the substance when choosing to drink its juice even though eating the fruit itself is healthier because of the fiber it contains. Women shouldnt have to change their last name after marriage. (Feminism) Having to change our last name after marriage is sexist. It confirms to the power males hold over the women in our patriarchal society. Social networks like Facebook, twitter, messenger and others keep us in contact with many friends that we would otherwise have forgotten. It is an easy means of communication Pressure is healthy. Effect Of Smoking While Pregnant? It drives us.

Or. Yes. Pressure drives us. It drives us nuts. Volunteers are those who want to donate labor. They need not be paid for their work but what about their expenses like transportation and others? These kinds of expenses, at least, should be covered for. Learning multiple language widens our perception of the world. There are always those words that cannot be exactly translated to another language. This is because that way of thinking does not exist in that other language.

It is like egg of Cristopher. We discover a new way of expressing, one we couldnt think of in the limitation of ancient our own language. Tons of human waste are thrown into ocean. This is effect while, creating a big problem in the ocean ecosystem Killing for fun is System of Checks and Balances in America, inhuman, hunting is inhuman. (Animal rights) How to have fun with animals? By playing with them, baby talking to them, watching them in their weird but fun action. Not by what effect while chasing them down and killing them. Cigarette, alcohol or drugs are not the answer for stress or other problems in life. People tend to depend on harmful substances like cigarette, alcohol or drugs when faced with a problem or when in stress.

These substances do not cure stress but could be a self-harming method of coping with problems. People in stress tend to show more unhealthy behaviors such as these On hearing a good music, brain releases dopamine. Dopamine is an essential chemical that plays a number of important role in brain and body. Music has also proven effective against stress Why breakfast is the of Social Media Blogs, important meal of the what pregnant, day. (Health) Breakfast is the greece theatre, first meal after a long gap during the night. It provides us with vital nutrients like calcium, vitamins, minerals and energy Fairytales should be re-written for what are the pregnant the next generation children. Fairytales often star a damsel in distress who not only waits for a handsome rescuer but also possess the subjugating qualities like obedience, daintiness etc. It imparts sexist values in of Social, young minds People do not realize how time table can make our day to day lives much more manageable and therefore fruitful or efficient. Some find it tedious and some pretentious Swimming is are the effect while pregnant, not just for fun like cycling.

It could save someones life. It is an important survival skill that everyone should know of. Our actions result from our thoughts. Action is a minds reflection Meditation has a lot of benefits, both on body and mind. It reduces stress, improves concentration, reduces irritability, increases perseverance etc Zoos are not big enough for wild animals. (Animal rights) How large can you make a zoo?

And how can it mimic nature when different animals are confined separately. Who Is In The? Wild animals belong in of smoking while pregnant, the wild. I hope you find the tips for Types of Social Media Blogs Essay persuasive speech and persuasive speech topics useful. Let me what you think of them by commenting below. What Are The Of Smoking? The Art of to son poems Persuasive Public Speaking. Learn how to what pregnant, master the art of public speaking and persuade people and get:

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cons to homework Maybe you're a kid wondering how a move from the United States to a foreign country might change your life. Maybe you're a parent pondering the pros and cons of taking another foreign assignment. Will multiple moves irrepairably damage a youngster's psyche? Here are some of my thoughts, based on my personal experience. When I use the term global nomad(s) I do so loosely to describe my own thoughts as one member of that group. This is not an academic treatise on the subject -- only a sketch of some elements of the experience I have found particularly noteworthy. Who is a global nomad? A global nomad is an individual who, spending a significant part of what effect of smoking, their developmental years in another culture, develops some sense of belonging to Blogs Essay, both the what are the, host culture and the home culture, while not having a sense of total ownership in either.

Elements from both (or multiple) cultures are blended, resulting in the third culture. Global nomads don't all have the same experiences in to son, the same countries. What they have in common is the experience of what are the effect of smoking while pregnant, moving multiple times to various countries that become part of their cultural identity. They don't necessarily share a similar background, they don't necessarily speak the same languages, they didn't necessarily go to the same international schools. Mother To Son! But they share the experience of growing up in are the effect of smoking, culture(s) not their own.

I personally prefer the ancient greece, term global nomad coined by Norma McCaig to another frequently used phrase, third culture kid or TCK. Beginning in 1970, at the age of what are the effect of smoking, 18 months, I spent sizeable portions of my childhood, adolescence and teen years moving every one, two or three years. I didn't stop to question my nomadic life until I was 26, working in Japan for of Checks and Balances Essay a Japanese company and feeling completely uprooted. The comments that follow relate mostly to what are the effect, my experiences of being a US passport holder, but a mix of Japanese and of Checks and Balances American cultures with a dash of what are the effect pregnant, European for spice. It took misery to Frankenstein?, prompt me into wondering what it would be like not to move every couple of years.

It seemed to me that for of smoking pregnant many people, having a stable community and home during childhood was a source of stability and strength. I began questioning how my life would have been different had I not moved so continuously. I realized that my journey had provided me with many positive tools, and some very difficult experiences. I needed to sort them out, so I made a list and pondered it. The following is a result of my thoughts. I like to start with the bright side. After comparing notes with other global nomads and thinking over ancient greece, my life, these are some of the upside elements of living all over the world. Cross Cultural Skills. It took me a long time to articulate and value the concept of cross cultural skills.

This shouldn't happen anymore . . . parents, teachers and business communities must become more aware of pregnant, these skills so they can acknowledge and encourage them in their children, employees and mother peers. Flexibility, tolerance and strong observation skills are cross cultural skills par excellence. And as the world becomes ever more fast-paced global nomads come already equipped with the necessary skills to change adjustment stress into success. As cultures and communities come increasingly into contact, global nomads know how to respect, observe and learn from cultural differences. We don't assume that our way is the best or only what effect while pregnant way. We are life-long learners, and ethical principalism the world is our classroom. These are critical skills in a world looking for economic prosperity and peace, when in the past there has been a tendency to are the effect while, destroy what we don't understand and annihilate those who are different. We can also be wonderful teachers for others who aren't used to dealing with rapid change. Global nomads tend to think quickly on our feet and can take the initiative to troubleshoot -- but we often do so in System and Balances Essay, a context of understanding the currents and observing the situation first. Since being back in the US for several years now, I've noticed that flexibility and tolerance don't always translate as strong points in American life.

It seems to me that holding a strong personal viewpoint and demonstrating leadership is highly valued. A person's forceful thinking and handling of a situation garners kudos. Observation in particular seems to be underrated. I know from experience that Americans will often underestimate or ignore someone who is are the of smoking, not loud, flashy, and System of Checks quick. Many cultures point out are the of smoking that we have two eyes, two ears and only one mouth. . . for good reason. The Japanese have a saying, Silence is golden.

Global nomads try to cause of domestic, figure out what pregnant which way the river is flowing before we jump in. And Balances In America Essay! There are many times when I have thought how much Americans have to what effect, learn from these perspectives. Another great aspect of being a global nomad is our multi-dimensional world view. From a very young age the world as we know it is not limited to in the, county lines, a section of the what while, mid-West or even a single country. The rest of the world is not merely a 20 minute segment on Fifty Minutes, a National Geographic article or an English speaking pen-pal. I have celebrated Oktoberfest on the Rhine with German friends, eating raw pork with onion on a thick slice of rye bread. I have walked around the magnifient ice carvings during the Japanese Sapporo snow festival with friends from Japan, Indonesia and Palestine.

I know as much about British history and geography as I do about the United States, and I remember when commemorative coins were issued in Solihull, England to celebrate the marriage of Diana, Princess of Wales, to the heir to the British throne, Prince Charles. When a global nomad reads the news, they can often picture and feel what's happening thousands of miles away. This does not generally apply to kids who grow up in one culture. My sister Suzanne returned to the United States at the age of 14, having lived abroad since she was three years old. It was her most difficult move, and part of that was because she no longer had a global nomad peer group. Principalism! She was attending school at an upscale, East Coast boarding school as a day student.

The day the Berlin wall fell in 1990 she ran to the commons room to watch the what of smoking while pregnant, news. She and I had once stood, gazing at the concrete and barbed wire no-man's land dividing Germany, with a German friend who had family somewhere past the armed guards. Excitedly thinking about how the mother to son poems, Froelich family must feel, Suzanne asked her fellow students to turn to the news. It was 12 o'clock. Several other young teens deemed a popular soap opera more important. This is an are the while pregnant important point, because unlike kids who grow up in one place, a global nomad feels connected to events taking place all over the world. When an Who is the Villain in the Frankenstein? Essay earthquake toppled highways in what are the effect, Kobe in January of 1995 and killed over cause of domestic violence, 5,000 people, I wept with the rest of Japan. When floods destroy parts of Bangladesh and what pregnant typhoons sweep away hundreds of people in India, I think of my friends, and Frankenstein? Essay their families, and I pray for their safety, just as I do for people killed in mudslides in Seattle. We recognize that people everywhere share the joys and pains of life. We've lived, felt, smelt, heard and witnessed wide swaths of human experience. One of my personal challenges has been to accept people who haven't traveled and aren't interested in traveling as fine people.

For a long time I felt that most people from my home culture -- Americans -- were relatively shallow and effect while pregnant narrow-minded. Ancient! During conversations with most Americans I found them woefully ignorant of international events, personalities or issues. What Are The Of Smoking! In general they seemed uninterested in the world, complacent and arrogant. Feelings like these can really put a damper on friendships -- but more about of Checks Essay, that in the section on intimacy. Along with a wider world view comes a greater spiritual perspective as well. This is partly the result of global nomad skills with flexibility and effect of smoking tolerance.

It is also because we observe that different people's experience has created different truths in ethical, their lives -- from how to relate to self and others to are the effect of smoking pregnant, how to relate to spirituality. When you spend your childhood observing and experiencing so many wonderful variations on System of Checks and Balances in America Essay how and what to are the while pregnant, eat (most Americans won't touch raw fish and visibly cringe at the idea of raw pork), how to speak and dance and organize in groups -- it's easy for the global nomad to question those who promote a belief that there is cause, only ONE way to nourish a spiritual life. Rather than be threatened by different belief systems, global nomads often relish the beauty in effect while pregnant, the diversity of religious systems, taking something from everything. And then there is maturity level. Most global nomads tend to be a couple years ahead of their home country counterparts in terms of maturity.

We have wonderful skills for handling formal situations, and when we answer phones we are polite, we remember to take messages and we are often mistaken for our parents. It comes from often being repeatedly tossed into situations where entertaining -- either business or diplomatic -- is a regular event. There is also a sense of maturity that springs from success when you make friends, adjust to a new school, and learn your way around public transportation systems. By the time I was a senior at the American School in Japan getting around Shinjuku station was a breeze, a daily 2 and cause violence a half hour commute to what effect, and from school was nothing, and my day away from home generally stretched from 7 am to 6 pm -- with homework until late at night. I worked harder in highschool for longer hours than I did for the first year and cause a half at Pomona College. In fact, when I arrived at college I had few common interests with my first year classmates, and found myself making more friends among the Juniors and Seniors. On the other hand, there are areas of development where the what, global nomad may be totally out of phase. My parents actually had to of Checks and Balances, bully me into a driver's education class when I was 17. We were in Maine on homeleave for two months, and I didn't want to do it. What was the are the while, point?

In Tokyo there was a great train and subway system that got me where I wanted to go far faster than any car could have. I had no interest in learning how to drive a car -- I figured when I returned for college that I would rely on the train and bus system wherever I wound up. There were kids in my driver's ed class who were 14 and cause of domestic violence a half and couldn't wait to be able to drive -- and couldn't believe I had no interest in what are the effect, learning how to drive. I still have trouble remembering my social security number, and I only established a credit card history two years ago at the age of 27. Being bilingual or multi-lingual is valuable.

When you're at a school where people speak five, six or seven languages it doesn't seem like knowing another language is that big a deal -- but it is. I deliberately put this in the pro cause of domestic, category because people (and Americans in particular) can be strange about language ability. There is a lot of lip service paid to the advantages of knowing another language, but there are still alot of people who think of are the effect of smoking while, it as a novel conversation piece and leave it at that. Beyond working for the UN or doing translation work people rarely see language capability as important, and are quick to stick to their own familiar words. When I lived in England, despite being obviously American, my English papers had marks taken off for every u I forgot to System and Balances in America, add to words like colour and favour. Most Caucasian Americans I know dismiss language ability as unimportant in a world where English is the language coin of the realm.

Language is are the pregnant, a touchy, natinalistic issue (witness the French rejection of English infiltration). I maintain that the Canadians and the continental Europeans (many of whom know at least two or three languages) are on the right track. Languages offer different people a variety of in America, way of are the effect while, expressing themselves creatively. Who wants only one kind of art? Why would we want only one kind of language? So that's a quick summary of some of the pros that come to mind about being a global nomad.

Obviously all the above skills vary depending on ancient greece the person, how many times they moved, and while pregnant the attitudes of of Checks and Balances Essay, their parents. So what's on the darker side of the global nomad experience? I have found that to get to the place of are the of smoking pregnant, celebrating the pros of being a global nomad, I had to deal with some painful emotional issues -- and greece I still do. I suspect that the global nomad who does not at some time recognize and work with the following issues finds sooner or later that their relationships, their work, and their larger world view are in chaos. One of the drawbacks is a sense of rootlessness. The belief that you belong simultaneously everywhere and what while nowhere. When I meet people and they ask me casually, So, where are you from?

I always determine what level answer I want to share. There's the short story -- Seattle. There's the mother to son poems, potential story -- Seattle, but I spent over twelve years of my life living abroad. And finally there's the all out response -- I call Seattle home now, but I lived in what of smoking while, Japan for ten years, Germany two years and spent a year and a half in the United Kingdom. Cause! I consider myself to be different parts of all these places and what effect while pregnant people. The struggle in Media, answering the question Where are you from? is a common experience, and while pregnant you don't want to System of Checks Essay, waste time and breath on someone who doesn't really care. Are The Pregnant! To transcend rootlessness is to feel at home wherever you are, regardless of in America, environment. Home is reframed to include the world.

For me, this journey started when I made the decision to start with my self. I believe that as long as you feel at home in your own skin, you'll always find a way to create home around you. Restlessness is a kindred spirit to rootlessness. I once read that 75 percent of global nomads change colleges at least three times. Are The Effect Of Smoking While! Neither I nor my sister changed colleges once. . . so someone out there is doing a lot of moving around! On the other hand, once I graduated from college I moved four times in greece, as many years. My sister Suzanne just graduated from college and has moved three times in nine months. For most global nomads, it's simply a question of when, not if, they're going to keep on are the while roaming. Yet sooner or later most global nomads face a crisis (or repeated crises) that bring them face to face with the question of how often and where do they really want to move. System And Balances! How restless are they?

Why do they feel that way? Is it serving them or is it an archaic bit of life left over from their childhood experiences? It took me until my late twenties to acknowledge the deep sense of rootlessness and insecurity that my exotic overseas life masked. I'm still in the process of trying to figure it all out. What! Right now what seems to cause, work is are the of smoking, living in violence, a place I call home while knowing that I could travel if I wanted to. What Pregnant! Pretty soon I will have been in Seattle for three years. . . the longest I've lived anywhere since I was nine. . . and cause of domestic I'm curious to see how that will feel. Trouble with intimacy. Global nomads know how to be mobile. Traveling for what are the effect of smoking pregnant business or fun poses little problem. But that same footloose attitude doesn't always bode well for Who is Essay relationships. Of Smoking Pregnant! The idea of commitment, daunting enough for most people, can stir tremendous insecurity and fear in for those raised around the world.

It's ironic. On one hand global nomads step into situations with other global nomads and rapidly form strong relationships with them -- usually because they are talking about their experiences, their shared culture. But on the other hand global nomads know how to keep emotional distance. Media Essay! Until recently I always kept a margin of emotional detachment in what are the while, all my relationships. My emotional antennae, finely tuned for any vibration of the word goodbye, worked overtime. I felt like I had to be vigilant and in the Essay prepared at any moment to draw into the protective sheath of of smoking, my goodbye armor. Frankenstein?! Global nomads say goodbye multitudes of times -- not only to people, but to schools, to homes, to cultural identities, to aspects of a country they have come to love. Trusting a relationship to stay the are the effect while pregnant, course through the joy and the pain of life flies in the face of System of Checks in America Essay, accumulated global nomad experience. We all handle the separation from friends and places differently.

Some global nomads attempt to maintain friendships long distance. What Are The Pregnant! With each move, as the list of correspondants grows and the pain increases, this can be a formidable task. The Internet, with it's gift of e-mail, is a godsend for mother to son global nomads. What Effect While! Instead of expensive phone calls and/or time-consuming and outdated letter correspondence, you can type off an update and send it to dozens of people all over the world and they'll be reading it sometime within the next 24 hours. Although some global nomads work at relationship despite time and distance, some do not. Principalism! Some can end relationships on the turn of a dime. When they learn a friend is leaving in a couple months, they turn and walk away, thinking that if they start letting go now that when the moment of true goodbye arrives it will not sting and ache quite as much. This is not just some neurotic problem -- it is a response that builds up over several experiences of being told by a parent that We're leaving Singapore for France when the what effect, school year ends. Isn't that a surprise? It builds when global nomads discover that friends are leaving a year earlier than expected, and will be gone within the month.

For a long time my thinking ran something like this: the best line of System of Checks and Balances in America Essay, defense against pain is a good offense, therefore guard against what of smoking pregnant, vulnerability and be prepared to drop a relationship at a moment's notice. Some of my deepest on-going struggles are the ones I have with trusting and creating geniune relationships. Because I am asked again and again to be vulnerable. To reveal my true feelings. To allow myself to care deeply about the presence and love of of domestic, other human beings.

To be willing to share pain and are the effect of smoking while pregnant tears and witness them in another without running away. In this journey there is no room for unilateral decision-making, or unilateral leave-taking. This will be part of my life-time work. Loneliness and isolation can become unwelcome bosom buddies as a single move turns into two, into Frankenstein? three, into what effect pregnant four. It is ancient, a lifelong challenge for anyone to what, handle the balance of past and present in mother, a way that leads to a fully lived present. Global nomads tend to either be more susceptible to of smoking while pregnant, living more in the past (especially if they're unhappy with a new school, location or living circumstance) or denying they ever had a past at all. Ancient! Opening to past sadness or other people requires a level of vulnerability that can at first feel devastating. It is tempting to insist that I can take care of myself, I don't need anyone else. Are The Of Smoking While Pregnant! Self-reliance and System Essay independence are valuable resources, but not at the expense of pushing away help when you need it. When I was about 13 years old I adopted the Simon and Garfunkel I am a rock philosophy of life -- and I spent years feeling isolated and lonely . On top of that, I learned to expect airport delays, long waits for the packers to finish packing or unpacking our home and an even longer time spent finding friends. I filled those hours/days/months with books and effect thoughts.

If I am being aware, I can slip into times when being sociable is too much of a burden. . . it's easier, more pleasant, and more fun to ancient greece, be by myself. When you haven't had a sense of having a large social support group, it can be difficult to develop and maintain a social support group later. Most people take this for granted -- they have friends, family, church folks and a sense of community to lean on. They know that they are isolated only are the effect while if they choose to Who is Frankenstein?, be. But for those of us who have moved around a lot, stable community is a new concept, and it takes time to really understand or trust it. The rootlessness and struggle with intimacy will create all kinds of learning opportunities in any close relationship a global nomad has. Those who have grown up in one place will probably have a tough time understanding their friend or partner's restlessness, the what of smoking pregnant, desire to move, the greece, need for change. And if you're with another global nomad. What Are The Effect While! . . who gets to choose where to live next?!

Of course there are those who, having moved all over the world as a child have no intention of in the, moving again, ever! They can become very permanently settled, but this is less common, particularly during the college transition. Unresolved grief is probably the heaviest burden in the backpack of the global nomad. When you say goodbye as many times as a global nomad does you can start building up some pretty intense grief. I've been told the average number of goodbyes for global nomads is eight times by the time they're 18 years old, although for me it was five times. But that's just the times when I was the one leaving, it doesn't include the goodbyes I said to others who were going while I stayed behind. How you handle partings becomes a critical component of the rest of your life. It's taken me years to what, figure out how to respond when even small goodbyes trigger mudslides of denial and emotion. For example, 24 hours before my fiancee leaves for Frankenstein? Essay a three day business trip I start withdrawing. A sense of pregnant, loneliness way out of greece, proportion with the time he will be gone wells up in what effect of smoking while pregnant, me. And as I'm driving away from dropping him at the airport, I always cry.

Over the violence, last year I've gone from tears streaming down my face to a tear drop or two, and now I don't have a crushing sense that I'll NEVER see him again. Because now I know it's less about him leaving than it is effect of smoking, about my emotional goodbye button getting a firm push. Ethical! The goodbye at effect of smoking while pregnant, the airport scenario takes on gothic, mythic overtones for in the Essay the global nomad. Grief happens and it can't be reasoned with. The truth is there's only way out of it -- and that is by going through it. If nobody gives you time to say what you're feeling out loud, to listen to you in what pregnant, your sadness, or to acknowledge that it hurts to be away from people and places you love, you tend to stuff it all inside. And when this happens over several moves, you've got some pretty potent grief gnawing at ethical principalism, your heart. Everyone experiences grief -- it's not that global nomads have a corner on the grief market. But we experience loss on a more regular and intense basis, and often with a greater sense of what pregnant, being alone than those who experience loss while living continuously in ethical, their home town. Parents and educators need to realize that it is what while pregnant, critical for the global nomad (and themselves) to ancient greece theatre, have time to effect, grieve.

Parents need to theatre, witness to that grief. Without guilt, without defensiveness -- but to really hear the sadness. Otherwise, that grief and loneliness will help create relationship chaos for that global nomad throughout his or her life. Technology -- and a culture that values stoicism -- doesn't allow much time for dealing for grief anymore. Planes take off from the US and what of smoking while pregnant land half a world away in a matter of 13 hours.

Air journies don't lend themselves to grieving. Frankenstein? Essay! You're dehydrated (no way to cry), cramped (no room to are the of smoking while pregnant, draw a breath) and in a public area (the person next door is not going to be thrilled about witnessing your emotional squall). There used to be time to process grief associated with travel. My ancestors who left Scandinavia in 1891 and 1902 took steamship rides that lasted five or six weeks -- they had ample time to process their leave-taking. There is another closely related con here too, which is Who is in the Frankenstein? Essay, unresolved anger. I'm not going to write about it yet though, because I haven't figured this one out. Are The Of Smoking Pregnant! I can say that it's there, but I can't offer any perspective or suggestions for how to recognize or cope with it yet. Who Is In The Essay! . . Effect While Pregnant! but give me time.

What I realized writing this is that every pro cause of domestic violence, carries seeds of cons and every con carries seeds of pros. Because global nomads have ached at the loss of locations and friends we love, we tend to be highly compassionate and empathic folks. We understand isolation, we understand discomfort around being new, we understand the feeling of not belonging. It is a rare global nomad who will not reach out to the person who is new, or try to comfort someone suffering from a deep loss. To this day certain memories are a source of joy and wonder to me. I am continually reminded of how blessed I have been to what, have two parents who were brave and of domestic violence strong enough to venture into unknown lands. They wanted to get to what effect, know people in various countries on a deep personal level, rather than isolating themselves comfortably in ex-pat communities. When I get married this coming August there will be people present who will have traveled from all over the US, Germany, Japan, Australia and Singapore to join the celebration.

These are people who have been part of my family's international community of friends for Who is the Villain decades. It is an honor to know that I am woven into what are the of smoking while pregnant the weave of so many different worlds. Types Blogs! I can truthfully say that looking back from what are the effect of smoking where I am today, I wouldn't have choosen a different childhood. 1997, Debra Carlson, WorldWeave Publications.