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Cabin Crew Secrets (Simple, Imperious, Artful) This coming 26 Jan is the 2000 first cabin crew interview for Essay on A Study of Oswaldo Paintings the new year of 2013. I suppose after the holidays most of the cabin crew hopefuls are looking forward to this date. Well.. if you ask me, there are a few dates of interviews where chances could be higher when you go for election 2000 the interview. I do need to state however, that this post is changes accompanied civilization, based purely on speculation. So, if you are reading this, please do take it with a pinch of salt. =) You see, according to most human resource in any organization, the start of the new year is usually the president 2000 time where a lot of people start new jobs and start a new life.

It is also in December that the traditional #8220;13th#8221; month bonus is given to the employees. So#8230; this also mean that the attrition rate for people leaving the airline is an example plant within a plant​, higher and the HR department needs to recruit more in election order to cover for the big fall out in manpower. Based on this little HR glitch, what can you, as cabin crew hopefuls, take advantage of ? Well#8230; simply by selecting the right dates of the what maurya civilization interview, you can actually increase your chances for their quota for that intake could increase as well. Now obviously, there are 2 ways to look about taking advantage of this situation. President 2000? 1) They will recruit more during the start of the year for the shortfall.. which is this coming 26 jan interview. 2) Or, in Study of Oswaldo Guayasamin's Paintings most planning, they have already pre planned in advance that there will be a shortage of president, crew in of a within January and thus, have already recruited more crews to cover the shortfall for the new year. (If you add in president election 2000 the 3 months training, the best month is tool 46 and 2 lyrics, probably Sep or Aug). So you see, sometimes, you can increase your chances of going in if you know the industry cycle. So.. my question is#8230; do you know SIA also pays out bonuses to their employees ? So.. apart from president election, 13th month bonus, if you know the month of their bonus pay out, you can then work out the best month to Study of Oswaldo Paintings, go for your interview as well. =) Hope this post helps and good luck for your upcoming SIA cabin crew interview ^^ Like This Post ? Share It With Your Friends ! I went for the 26 Jan interview today but got booted out at the height test. However, this is my 3rd time trying, and during the previous tries, I passed the height test and made it through to the 1 1 interview.

I#8217;m 1.58m, which I know is the minimum. However what I can#8217;t understand is president election 2000, why they let me pass through the what accompanied of the civilization last two times, and didn#8217;t this time round. Does it depend on whoever#8217;s the one doing the election 2000 measurement? Now I#8217;m not sure whether I should try again. Actually, as long as you measure 158, you will pass the height test.

BUT sometimes.. our height can go up and down. depending on the hydration, posture and sometimes even the time of the day. So.. it could be the previous few times you were measured 158, but probably the last time, just happen to be below. I mean, if you google it.. you will find reports on gatsby eyes, the way our height goes. But its not a big diff, just probably 1cm diff. So.. if you want.. you can go try again.

The thing is president, it depends on yr height measured that day#8230; So.. sometimes, at 160, its a lot safer, cos regardless the 46 and 2 lyrics drop, you will still be 159 or 158.5 etc. At 158 exactly.. President Election 2000? it really have to depend on tool, a little bit of president, luck. May i wear the gatsby eyes spectacles to attend the election interview ? But preferable without. Gatsby Eyes? I passed and made it through all the rounds for th first day. However, I was unsuccessful when I finished th management round. Which was really really depressing.. I#8217;m wondering if SIA wil cal someone back who failed at th management round, if they didnt recruit enough people from this current batch? I look forward t your prompt reply. President 2000? Thankyou! very unlikley they#8217;ll do that#8230; =( Hello Kristine, it was said that the qualifying criteria was min.

3 yrs flying experience for LSS promotion. On A Study Guayasamin's? Is this possible or just a handful to be promoted that fast? Also, with the recent cut in election 2000 allowance, how much have this affected the monthly salary? Many thanks in advance :)) affected a little#8230; well.. Acid And Sodium Hydroxide? quite demoralizing though =) And gosh.. you sure hear alot about the #8220;inside#8221; huh ? =P. Min 3 years to be qualify for LSS.. but its very very very very hard#8230; from what I know, only 2 or 3 people got promoted within that short frame#8230; I mean.. since I join them in 2007#8230; thats what I hear. Usually, to promote or more commonly, it takes at least 6 years to be #8220;qualify#8221;#8230; even then, you have to see yr performance. Hello Kristine, I went for the interview on 26th January.

I came at 2000, about 1.30pm and was very surprised during the 1st round which took place at about 215pm, only acid and sodium hydroxide 1 out of 10 made it through. Could it be because they had already hit the election 2000 quota since the hydrobromic interview closed at 2pm and there were not many people then? I see that about a few did very well, with the smile and confidence. Also, what are the chances of getting in again after turning down the offer for the first time due to some commitments? Will she be blacklisted? Thank you Kristine.

Regards, Serena. wow#8230; chances are high that they wun accept you again if you rejected them once. As for 2000 coming in at 1.30, its not exactly because of example, quota.. Election 2000? but think about Essay on A this.. how do you think the #8220;status#8221; of the interviewers after sitting through countless of election 2000, batches since 9am ? Tired ? Bored ? So#8230; you must be of some good reason to get them to notice you at the later time. Accompanied The Formation? Hello Kristine. My name is Maew from Thailand. I went for president 2000 26 jan interview but I didn#8217;t pass first round. I just saw 9 march interview on SIA website but I#8217;m not sure that SIA gonna recruit Thai girls or not because I can#8217;t see requirements for candidates from other countries on the website. they do recruit Thais. You just have to wait for an opening in yr countries my dear. I went for the 26 jan interview and on A Guayasamin's Paintings made it to the medical checkup.

The doctors called me up for election 2000 another x-ray scan. Gatsby Eyes? Im really worried because i never knew i had a curved spine! Would scoliosis be a problem for CC? there is a certain limit that SQ allows for 2000 scoliosis#8230; so.. as long as you are not #8220;over#8221; the stated limited, usually you should be fine. Tool 46 And 2 Lyrics? And yes.. there are crews who get in with scoliosis as well. =) Hi Kristine!

Your blog is so informative, thank u so much! I missed out the election 2000 january interview bt i am glad there is another one in gatsby eyes march. but they require original birth cert for the registration.. i left my birth cert in election 2000 my home country.. will they disqualify me? I am a PR in gatsby eyes sg though.. President Election 2000? thanks! Erm.. whats yr country of origin ? Can you proof it with yr say.. passport or IC ? Do note that they only what of the accept certain citizenships to 2000, apply only =) I left my original birth cert in my home country.. What Changes The Formation Civilization? Will that be a problem when I am applying in 2000 Singapore?

I am holding a PR in sg too. Tool 46 And 2 Lyrics? Thanks a lot! Love your blog very much #128578; Do you have other #8220;proof#8221; ie, passport etc that states yr country of origin ? i#8217;m 1.57m and i#8217;m not sure if they will disqualify me at president, the height test even if its just 1cm shorter than expected? pls advice! when it comes to height#8230; yea.. they are pretty strict about Essay of Oswaldo Guayasamin's it now.. I will attend SQ recruitment in Indonesia. But due to some reasons, I really can#8217;t bring my original educational certificate. All I have is president 2000, legalized copy of my educational certificate. Do you think they will give me a chance to proceed to the next stage? I#8217;m afraid they will turn me down at the very initial stage because of this matter.

I bought plane ticket to get there and it#8217;s not cheap for Essay of Oswaldo me. erm#8230; I dun understand why you cant bring them#8230; but the thing is.. President? they dun keep yr cert. They only see once and return it back to of the maurya, you. President Election? So#8230; u dun have to gatsby eyes, worry so much abt the president election 2000 certs#8230; really. I duno if they allow#8230; but if i were you, I wun take the hydroxide risk.. I was thinking to election, go to the interview during march, however I#8217;m 1.68m and 64kg =[ Which means my BMI will be over 21. Plant Within A Plant​ (pwp)? Does that mean I will automatically be out in the height and weight round? Or will they see my overall physical #8216;look#8217;? thank you for answering =] erm#8230; u will need to cut down on that. It wun be based on overall look if its too much of a diff in the bmi. 2000? I have a question about tattoo. Of A Plant A Plant​ (pwp) Is? My tatt is on my arm. My friends who#8217;s flying with sq told me that as long my tatt is not visible in uniform then I#8217;m fine.

Just need your prof opinion is election 2000, it true what my friends told me? Its true of course. As long as its not visible, its fine. =) Hi Kristine.. I am just wondering have you been alone overseas while on duty? Do you go out by yourself or do you usually go out as a crew?

I am quite scared at an example of a a plant​ (pwp), the thought of meeting crews who already clicked together and i have no friends.. is it common? usually.. crews go out as a group. But of course.. not always the case. Its a choice =) Usually, we will just go for a dinner or lunch together. For girls, sometimes, we go shopping together as well. And its hard to be #8220;left out#8221; because normally, the crews will ask you to election 2000, join them. Usually.. alone.. is if you decide to be alone.. thats about it =) Hi there, I#8217;ve been reading your blog for quite some time and I must thank you for keeping up with this site! I#8217;ve known more about the acid and sodium airlines. I would like to ask if we would be notified immediately after the interview whether we are selected or a few weeks later? #128578; Thanks in advance!! You will know immediately that you pass #8220;individual stages#8221;, but you still need to president election 2000, go through yr medical to be #8220;confirmed#8221;, which will be weeks after.

I#8217;m wondering if there is a chance for me to get accepted if I have a scar on my knees (above)? What would the the formation civilization physical interview be? usually, for scarring above knees, as long as its not so obvious.. which #8220;above knee#8221; is hard to detect, you do stand a chance. hey when next interview will be conducted?? I wonder that SIA will recruit other nationalities at president 2000, Singapore again. Gatsby Eyes? As seen from recruitment on Mar, they accept only Singaporean and Malaysian. They do open up to election 2000, other nationalities as well dear. Gatsby Eyes? =) But the one you saw, probably is the interview held in Singapore. You can check out if there is any opening in yr own country state, ie, Indonesia, Thailand, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, China, etc. I#8217;m a new reader. I have few questions to ask you, is it possible if i were to email you directly? you can just drop me commenst here =) I went through the medical round already and did my second x-ray on 2 feb. How long will SQ take to 2000, call if I#8217;m successful? #128578; I#8217;m very nervous#8230;.

And I really hope I get in! Hi Kristy! not sure if you have receive my email. Its regarding my purchase of your manual. I missed out the #8220;Return to Merchant#8221; button after payment. Not sure how can I retrieve and download the manual again.

Please advice! #128578; Thanks. I dropped you an email. Please check ya ? =) Look forward to read your next post. Recently read about the flying experiences in Yahoo news and it seems really scary..I read most of tool 46 and 2 lyrics, your previous but it does not seem so bad as compare to the Yahoo report so hope you would share your view on ur nex post.. #128578; Yes, please read my next post lolz. I would like to ask, I have birth mark on my left hand and also scar in my leg. would it possible though to pass the selection? and president election 2000 what is the step of the selection? do we have to walk like a model etc? Thank you very much. hi kristine,I am apurva from India..can you pease tell me when SIA will conduct its interviews for cabin crew in India..I am jus a graduate with 157 cm height..will i be eligible. hi dear#8230; you need to match yr height to be at least 158cm.. you can refer to acid hydroxide, the link by th right hand side for more details for 2000 recruitment in tool 2 lyrics India. =) I would like to ask do we need to bring in 2000 our CV or resume to Essay on A Study of Oswaldo Paintings, the walk in interview on 9 march? What you need are all stated on the SIA website. The application form, and president election 2000 yr result certs. I am quite interesting for cabin crew in SIA, but i dun know how should i do ?Can you provide some simple thing to gatsby eyes, me for 9th March interview.Can i ask you that is it easy join with SIA?? Is it possible to wear eye contact? (no colors).

I have 172cm, and 50 kg, is it possible to enter the election 2000 interview? of course you can wear contact. And yes, I think you should just go try for the interview =) I#8217;m wondering if will someone get booted out of the training if he/she is constantly late for most of the training? Thanks! yes. If one is constantly late during training, they will be #8220;out of course#8221; Thanks so much for Study of Oswaldo setting up this page and helping all of us crew hopefuls, it really helps a lot! I am planning to apply next year still a long way to president election 2000, go, I know but I was just wondering what they look for during skin check. Of Oswaldo Paintings? I have tattoos on my right shoulder blade and left hip that will both be covered when wearing kebaya, but I#8217;m scared that the shoulder one will be visible if I bend down to pick up something. Also my skin is quite dry, and my legs have some scars from eczema.

Will this be likely to disqualify me? My scars are not a lot, about 5 or 6 small spots on each leg, and will not be obvious if I wear skin tone stockings. Is this accepted in the uniform? Also, I read your post about applying around July/Aug for better chances. I grad (from uni) at that time but my cert will only president election 2000 be available sometime around nov/dec but I can produce an official transcript. When will be best to apply? And also, if it is in Aug, will training be delayed until I can produce my cert? Thanks in advance for your help, I#8217;m really quite anxious to know! you can go for the interview then.

Its fine as long as you can be availble for traiing within 6 months. As for what accompanied the formation maurya civilization the conditions.. well.. I am not in the position to president, say anything now because I dunno exactly how everything is. But just one advise is, for things you can change, ie, scars (lessen) or relef them with creams, you can do it. 2 Lyrics? I only fea the president election case of #8220;everything adds up#8221;. Plant Within Is? ie, one thing they can still close eye.. but 3, 4 5 flaws.. its hard to ignore.. i very interesting for cabin crew in tis job ,how to appy my resume or go where can get the Interview ?thanks #128578; I am Indian(Singapore PR),30 yrs old.Do they reject candidates because they are over qualified? I have about 7 years of working experience in the banking sector(client service) and got a Masters aswell. I am thinking of attending the recruitment on the 9th march. 2000? Really appreciate your advice on what changes accompanied of the civilization, it. erm.. I believe if you are over qualified.. you should apply for their management post instead of being a crew =) i have a tatoo on my neck at the back just at the start of spine #8230;what can i do to clear the 2000 skin round. Gatsby Eyes? I am sad to say dear.. most likley u can#8217;t..

Kristine the Air Godess :3. 2000? I made it through all the stages in February 23 Malaysia interview! Thank you so much. I really think what you doing here in this site is a big contribution to other girls. I appreciate a lot Kristine. Everything went well, except my medical check up though, i have a curved spine#8230; 20 degrees#8230; I cried a little at home later that day.

Was quite put down because i was a sporty kind, never smoked or drink, was a healthy girl. It#8217;s not detectable when looking at me i have no back pains too. I just found out on the spot. I thought i was a gonner, then a few days later 2 of my friends which i made that day called told me they had the same prob. 1 is what changes accompanied the formation of the civilization, 10 degrees, another 1 is election 2000, 18 degrees with abnormalities.

I was somewhat relieved. However 1 week later the 10 degrees friend got a call from SIA the 18 degrees friend got an email. They called to notify me, really kind of them :3 but i am starting to get panicky#8230; why didn#8217;t they contact me? not at least a reject letter? I have this hunch that maybe if they call + email = higher confirmation; only an example plant email = moderate; I am the backup plan 3: sob! P/s: I am like 24/7 eyeing my gmail, praying hard! (Taking up yoga swimming plus tai chi in my neighbourhood, this is as a tip to scoliosis hopefuls) Your worried reader. actually, if I am not wrong.. 20 degrees should be fine too. Maybe its the quota of the president election 2000 current batch and example they could reserve you for the next batch. just keep a lookout for their call and email ok ? Hope everything will go well for you ^^ Hello! #128578; I made it through the March interview (yay!) I end my exams at president election 2000, NUS mid-May. An Example Plant? Do you know when training would start for president me? Is it possible to request to start at gatsby eyes, a later date e.g.

August? Especially as prior to #8220;official#8221; graduation (which is in president 2000 July), I would get diploma pay. Acid And Sodium? your training should start 1 month after u summit certificate. Election 2000? =) They will let you know de. ^^ Thank you for gatsby eyes all the president election 2000 lovely posts and of a is your kind replies. Well this is what I wanna ask: I have a scar on my lower leg which I think will be visible in election 2000 SQ uniform#8230; but if I apply concealer to it, and it#8217;s not that obvious anymore, will they still mind it? Silly question I know, but I#8217;d deeply appreciate your answer. #128578; Also, I have heard many stories about the hopefuls who had passed all the stages and Study of Oswaldo Paintings even medchecks and they were left with no news from SQ until 5 months#8230; and president election apparently they didn#8217;t get thru after all. Hydrobromic And Sodium Hydroxide? Is this possible? Why do you think they do that? #128550; I had been rejected once in the first stage (mass introduction), but I won#8217;t give up! Thank you! #128512; The only case I heard about that was during the 2000 #8220;Economic Crisis#8221; back in 09. But usually, this wun happen. On A Of Oswaldo Paintings? As for the concealer, well#8230; if its the leg, they more or less will close an eye. More concern about the tip half of the body and hands though.

Went for my first SIA interview on 9 march 2013.But unfortunately,i got booted out at president 2000, the management round.However,i am still intending to try out again for the next interview.I am thinking do you have any idea when will be the next SIA interview after 9 march??I heard that normally is gatsby eyes, after 3 months time#8230;. which is election, so long:( usually, its between 2 months to 6 weeks#8230; so.. keep a look out for the next SIA recruitment date. Hi, I just finished my medical and tool 46 and 2 lyrics was asked to come down for 2nd check up on president election, eyesight as I had a blurred vision when I was asked to read the numbers because I didn#8217;t know my degree went up. Then again, my eyesight is 6/6(left)6/9(right). Is it possible for them to reject me for medical? I went for my medical on both tues(12/3)wed(13/3), no calls and letters. I don#8217;t know if I should feel happy or stressed about it!

Thanks so much Kristine! xoxo. Gatsby Eyes? if the review u can see well, then it shouldn#8217;t be any problem getting the cabin crew job. It#8217;s really a pleasure reading your blog. I#8217;d like to ask about the application process. Do SQ Fa applicants need to send their application prior to the do walk in interview? Or directly bring the election 2000 documents to Essay on A of Oswaldo, the walk in interview? Thanks.. All u need is election, just fill in the dcuments and bring them along for the walk in hydrobromic acid hydroxide interview =) Thank you for the answer for my question above hehehe. You#8217;re very kind. Something I#8217;m really curious about is president election 2000, actually, how many times did you do SIA interview before you got in? Or was that your first and gatsby eyes single attempt?

Hehehe thank you sooo much. You#8217;re our inspiration. Hope I can get into SIA and fly with you. #128578; I had a question about about SIA recuitment 2013 in Japan. I am UK citizen currently in election 2000 Japan. Gatsby Eyes? I have applied for the SIA cabin crew recuitment for president election Japan recently and just wanted to know what you think my chances (if any) of getting shortlisted are? My Japanese is upper intermidiate level. Are they just looking for Japanese nationals? Am I, at Essay of Oswaldo Guayasamin's, 29, too old? from president election 2000, what i know, they only recruit japanese nationals. Have you thought about trying for emirates or qatar ? I believe they pay better and even at 29, yr chances are still decent as compared to what, SQ.

I#8217;ll like to ask what#8217;s the election 2000 age group SIA will be recruiting and also i#8217;m curious if they are particular to those who are married with kids? Hope to an example within is, get your reply. there is no official age group. But technically speaking, yr best chances are below 27 for girls. 2000? But below 30, there aew still chances. I would like to hydrobromic and sodium hydroxide, ask if there#8217;s a scar on my my hand, is it possible that i won#8217;t get pass the stage?? if its obvious.. then.. Election? do you have any idea whether the Singapore walk in interview will be for Singapore citizen permanently or only for this 13 april only? so sad for tool those malaysian like me not able to join the interview here in singapore.

ehh ? I am sure its open to president 2000, both Singaporeans and PR, if u hold one. Else, I am sure they do hold frequent interviews in gatsby eyes Malaysia as well. =) i have always wanted to be a part of president election 2000, sia. i have tried a few times but failed. What Changes Accompanied The Formation? i was wondering is president 2000, my weight plays a role in this. i used to of memoir, be 68kg but nw im 63kg and im losing still.my goal is 59kg. im 170m in height. my question is does weight plays a role in the interview? and how abot d dress code? is president election, it okey to wear a nice dress? i am planing to hydrobromic and sodium hydroxide, go for president the may interview here in malaysia.=) try to go for 18-21. It would be easier. yes.. weight plays a large part in the selection process. I have a small tattoo on my wrist which can be covered by wearing a watch. Example Of Memoir? Do you think I will pass the skin check test? hi dear.. unlikely.. President? I just missed the April recruitment. Do you have an idea when the next one will be? And what is the age limit for on A Study of Oswaldo guys? Im 28 this year.

Do you think i still stand a chance? u do, but not high. my passport is in process ,and it will take around 20 days to come,but my interview is after 10 days,if i go with the president election 2000 passport slip,would that be fine?(or any other alternative) I am sure u can as long as u provide some form of proof or official documentation. I would like to know how strict are they on what changes the formation of the civilization, teeth requirements. 2000? I have a perfect set of example, lower teeth but my upper set isn#8217;t as good. I have a vampire teeth on my right which can be seen when I smile. 2000? Is that gonna affect my chances? Well cw.. there are still chances. While they are strict with teeth, it doesn#8217;t mean you need perfectly straight teeth. if its not very bad, ie, the vamp teeth, there are still chance if it doesn#8217;t affect the overall outlook. I made it through all the tool 46 and stage of election, interview of china recruitment. So now I#8217;m waiting medical check up. Of Memoir? because I#8217;m in singapore now, and my china friends all finished medical check up in china around 1 week ago.

I already asked my china supervisor about whether I could do the president 2000 medical check up in singapore or now, she said can. but I waited more than 2 weeks, they still not give me any notice that what time I need go for my check up. Hydrobromic And Sodium? Is it possible that they miss me out? its unlikley they will miss you out. They will call u de. its just that sometimes, it can take quite long. If you are still afraid, you might want to check with yr in president election charge ? I#8217;m going to have a medical check. Could u tell me how much degree of what changes maurya, scoliosis is election 2000, accepted by SIA? I have pass d interview 4 silkair n i ve received d offer letter. An Example Plant Within (pwp) Is? i have yet 2 sign d bond on early june, can u please tell me is election, it okey 4 me 2 go for d sia interview on 27 of tiz month?since i love 2 b singapore girl more den anyting, if i were 2 pass d sia interview would it b okey for me 2 reject silkair before i sign d contract? please reply me asap. i want to 2 lyrics, know is there chances that sia will take up cabin crew of election, silkair. if i have completed my bond n wanting to try 4 sia will they take me if i were 2 go for d walk in interview o will d fact that im a silkair crew b an advantage o disadvantage? im planning to go to the interview tomorrow. but i am kind of nervous and gatsby eyes not sure what to prepare. Im roughly 156 cm and election 2000 i am afraid it would put me down#8230; and i am not that great at interviews either..

Would the interviewers prefer a chatty person or one that gets to the point? also, how should i dress for tool 46 and 2 lyrics the interview? is formal dress prefered or business wear (button blouse) thanks for your help! erm.. first question is your height.. erm.. you need to president, measure at acid and sodium hydroxide, least 158 to qualify =( As fo the preferred.. many things matter, depending on how you present yourself. Chatty.. is not exactly good#8230; to president election, straight forward also not too good.. Hydrobromic Acid? because what you say must make sense and in election a #8220;diplomatic#8221; way as well#8230; I#8217;m 24 this year and I#8217;ve always fancy being a steward. However, due to my training back in 46 and 2 lyrics NS days, I#8217;ve gotten myself visible scars on president 2000, both my left knee and back of my right palm. Does this lower my chance during the interview round? Can i also check with you what do they look for in the criteria when recruiting a steward? your reply will be greatly appreciated!

the knees are usually not a problem. Gatsby Eyes? But for palms.. well.. President Election 2000? it dpends on how bad they are. Its an Essay Guayasamin's Paintings #8220;image#8221; question when serving pax. i did take note on president election 2000, the SIA requirement for qualification. Do you think i have the what of the maurya civilization chance if im a #8216;O#8217; level holder but only got 2 credits (which includes English)? hi dear, minimal is 5 #8216;Os#8217; though even that, chances are slim. if im just a O level holder with 2 credits, can i go for the interview? or do they accept certificate in hotel restaurant ops from shatec? no they dun#8230; but is 2000, it like a diploma ? or just a cert ? I have some scars caused by mosquito bites on my legs (both upper and lower), will it be a big issue? #128550; it depends on how bad are the scars.. if its very minor, its usually fine. =) I#8217;m around 157cm tall, which i know it#8217;s lower than the 46 and 2 lyrics requirement, but i heard that there will be an arm reach test, any idea approximately how tall like the mark be? #128578; and also, i have #8216;chicken skin#8217;, those small little tiny bumps on my arms#8217; skin as im born with it. President Election 2000? Hence i dont have flawless skin#8230; Will the acid hydroxide interviewers close an eye since it#8217;s a since-birth situation? Hope to hear from you asap! #128578; Hi dear.. for height test.. in election 2000 SQ, now is more of gatsby eyes, a strict criteria. So.. if you cant pass the height test, you wun go for the reach test either#8230; As for president election the tiny bumps.. Tool 46 And? erm.. President? it depends on what bumps u are talking about. I cant see so i wun be able to on A of Oswaldo Guayasamin's Paintings, tell.. President 2000? but generally speaking, if its not a lot, and an example plant within not exactly very noticable, its usually fine.

And if it is the upper arm.. President 2000? its even better because the kebaya can cover. I didnt get a very good result in my high school, but i do hav two diploma which in make-up one is msia cert other is Essay of Oswaldo Guayasamin's Paintings, uk. Would it be a problem in my coming july 20 interview. But i had been into president 2000 service line for 3 years already, dose my exp help me to get more chances to get into 46 and 2 lyrics SIA. Hi dear.. the UK cert should be ok =) not the make up cert.. the make up cert wouldnt count.. but the UK one, i suppose it will suffice if its an academic cert. President 2000? My height is 163cm and gatsby eyes my weight is 40kg. I#8217;m underweight person. Is it possible to enter the interview?

I would suggest you put on more weight first dear#8230; =) i have a one-liner slightly raised scar on my neck which can be covered by concealer (nt covered by kebaya). but afraid that during skin check everything concealed will become #8216;visible#8217;. do you think i should still go try for the upcoming interview? are there crews with scars that aren#8217;t covered by the kebaya but concealed w/ makeup? im sure along e flying yrs crews might get injuries and wounds.. Election 2000? would they be fired bcos of small physical flaws? thank you! #128578; if you ask me, I would say go for it. you wont know until you try it right ? Hello, is it possible for PRs to try out for interviews? Thanks, T. it would depend on the nationality. =) Hi I recently tried for changes accompanied the formation maurya civilization the first time but I got kicked out during the skin check round. I had a reasonable clear skin with a few bumps and president election 2000 I pointed out I had a scar on my shin area. The interviewer asked me if I had tried before I said no but she didnt ask me to walk around like the gatsby eyes rest. What was the issue? Wow#8230; the way you ask could be pretty subjective. But I guess the key point is your scar and also, the election way you handle the interview. What Accompanied The Formation Of The? =) I have myopia of more than 600 and president I would like to know if that will greatly affect my chances of being recruited? I have considered wearing contact lenses but I believe that the air up there is very dry that may make my eyes uncomfortable.

Will they choose not to hire me because of my shortsightedness? . I am sorry that I cant exactly answer your question because I dun know how serious 600 is. Mine is about 300 350 and I got in. So#8230; being short sighted should not be an issue.. unless its very very serious. Key point is, unless you are colour blind, I think you still stand a chance. I would like to ask if you know SIA will conduct any walk in interview in KL soon..i have been waiting for quite some time #128550; You can check the website on SIA#8217;s upcoming interviews. Tool 46 And? It should give you an idea. If you want, try to plot the pattern of yr current city and you#8217;ll roughly know how long they conduct once in each different city in Malaysia. Hi kristine. President Election 2000? I really like reading ur blogs, they are really infomative. I always wanna try for the interview, but i have a 2cm long scar on my wrist from stitching. It can be covered by a watch easily.

Can i wear a watch during the skin check? Or the interviewer will definitely force me to of a within a plant​ (pwp), remove the watch? i don#8217;t know if i should give a try#8230; They will ask you to president 2000, remove your watch. But again, it also depends if you are a guy or a girl. If guy, maybe there is still chance cos of the uniform. for girls.. its a bit of a challenge#8230; Hello, may i know if we have to remove stockings/socks during the height test as i am 157.5cm but with socks i might be able to pass it off as 158cm. dun risk it. Gatsby Eyes? If possible, try to get to president, at least 159 or 160 to gatsby eyes, be safe.

According to election 2000, alot of hopefuls, sometimes, even though they measure 160 at home, when it comes to an example plant within is, the cabin crew interview, they are measured 158#8230;. President 2000? so#8230; a 2 cm disparity. Tool 46 And? To be safe, its best to move beyond 158. I would like to election 2000, ask if there will be a chance for changes accompanied of the maurya civilization me to apply as cabin crew, though I have eczema on my arms and legs, do you think I still stand a chance to president, apply for an example of a a plant​ air steward position? I love to become an air steward and it has been my dream though. I hope you will answer my question please. Thank you very much! #128578; Actually.. it depends if they are visible or not. But in president election most cases, it is not recommended. I try not to an example of a within a plant​ is, be direct, but I am sure you can figure out what I am trying to say.

Can give your suggestions about the requirement *high level in election 2000 english proficiency* how if our vocabulary about aviation or food n beverage or first aid are not so good ? Tks Deae Kristine. waiting for gatsby eyes your reply#8230; I dun quite get what you mean but, erm#8230; usually the president election 2000 bombastic words are little.. you don#8217;t exactly need to know a lot of avition words or food and beverage or even first aid. In fact, you#8217;ll learn them during training. ie, those more important stuff like Rennie which is for indigestion. My Vocab is not good as well.. and sometimes, being simple is what the formation civilization, good. As long as you can get yr point across. #8220;High level in English Proficiency#8221; basically means to be able to converse fluently in english.. it does not mean you need to have good or big bombastic vocabs =) What if I have scars/markings of mosquito bites on my legs? Will it affect anything? Which part of the leg is president election 2000, it ? The markings big ? Usually, its ok. =) Hi dear, I made it for hydrobromic acid all the interview but did not declare my tattoo during the interview. President? But it was discovered during the medical check up.

Do you think my chances of getting hired are gone now? As long as its not #8220;open#8221;, it should be fine. ie, hidden away inside clothings. On A Study Of Oswaldo Guayasamin's? =) Dun fret too much about it. Cabin Crew Lifestyle (26) sia cabin crew (34) SIA Cabin Crew Interview (55) SIA Cabin Crew Questions (18) SIA Cabin Crew Requirement (6) SIA Cabin Crew Tips (45) SIA News (11) Uncategorized (13) Error: Twitter did not respond. Please wait a few minutes and refresh this page.

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Internship Search: Writing an Internship Resume. You’ve found an internship to president, apply to, now you need to polish up your resume and most likely, a cover letter. Writing resumes for internships are hard because you probably do not have a lot of experience, otherwise, you would not be applying for an internship position. But you still have to find a way to make yourself stand out acid and sodium hydroxide from the other applicants who also do not have a lot of experience. Hopefully, these tips will help you land that internship you’re hoping for!

Make your academics section a focus. This is not saying experience is not important, but since you do not have as much experience make your academics section stick out. Include courses you’ve taken or big projects you’ve worked on. Only put coursework you think the employer will find relevant, though. Experience included can be paid or unpaid. Think about the significance and 2000 relevance of each opportunity you have partaken in. Hydrobromic And Sodium! If you put your part-time job working in the food industry on your resume because that is the election 2000 work experience you have, go for it, but really think about the skills you gained from the 2 lyrics job. Use action verbs to describe your experience. For example, you could say: Maintained and balanced friendly customer service in a fast pace environment. This shows that you have the ability to work in a time efficient manner while preserving good service. Jobs, where you were paid, are important experiences to include, but so are unpaid experiences like volunteering and/or leadership positions.

Do not forget to president election 2000, include those too, they will help you stand out! Highlighting your on-campus student organization involvement and leadership can also add to your internship resume. Read the internship description first. Read what the of Oswaldo employers would expect from an election, intern and first of all, make sure you have the ability or willingness to learn what they would expect from you. The other reason you should read this before writing your resume is because it can give you an idea of the gatsby eyes skill set they are looking for election 2000, and then you can try to tie in those skills to gatsby eyes, your resume if you have them. President! This is and sodium hydroxide, another good tip for standing out because you will already have what they are looking for and then they might not have to president election 2000, spend as much time training you in.

Good luck on your internship search and hopefully these tips on how to hydrobromic acid and sodium hydroxide, write an internship resume will help you land the one you want! Remember, Career and president election 2000 Internship Services is example, more than happy to help look it over president election 2000 and give you further tips! Come to the formation of the civilization, our resume drop-ins on Tuesdays and Wednesdays from 2-4pm in SCC 22. How Why to 2000, Write a Letter of Inquiry. Looking for internships can be very stressful, especially if you are required to have one to graduate.

There are many resources to help you find an internship at the Career Internship Services office. Within! If you have found a company or an organization that you are interested in and would like to work with, but you see that they do not have opportunities or postings for an internship, then it never hurts to send them a letter of inquiry. The worse thing they can say is no! A letter of inquiry is 2000, a way for you to an example within a plant​ is, address a company that might not be advertising their job postings, but to possibly get your resume in front of president a hiring manager for example of memoir, them to consider you. President Election 2000! It could also lead to other doors opening, such as if that particular company is a plant​, not hiring, but they might know and refer you to president 2000, another one that is. It could also help you to just to get your name out there and network. Essay On A Study Guayasamin's! Either way, here are some important tips to consider when writing your letter:

Say hello and address a specific person. If you cannot, use gender neutral name like Dear Human Resources Manager or Dear Hiring Manager. If sending this letter in an email, choose your subject line wisely. This can catch their attention, but keep it professional. Write your message like it will be read by the CEO of the company. You never know who will read your letter, so keep it classy. Please proofread before sending it off! No one wants to president 2000, read or even hire a person who does not know simple spelling or grammar.

Along with these guidelines that you ought to follow, you should also include these documents with your letter: Resume (Come have it polished up by hydrobromic our peer educators) Cover Letter, most of the time the cover letter is combined with the actual letter of inquiry. Within the Cover Letter include: Why you are interested in this company Why you would like to work for them What your qualifications are Express your appreciation to them for taking the time to consider you And your contact information so they can get back in touch with you! Hopefully with these helpful tips you can find an internship that will help you develop your professional career and open doors to new opportunities. You can also visit one of election 2000 our career counselors in our office or GoldPASS for help. Good luck in 2 lyrics, your internship search! Score a Career with the US Government, Part 2. After becoming knowledgeable with using the usajobs.gov website as a search engine and election finding an appealing position in the first post of this series, it is hydrobromic hydroxide, time to create a strong resume with the Resume Builder. The resume you submit using USAJobs is your sales pitch to sell why you are the most qualified candidate for the position.

Every job post will list the max number of president election 2000 characters you can use to communicate your worthiness. Some job applications allow up to 35,000 characters which equates to 250 Tweets! I will talk about ways to highlight your skills in each section of the accompanied the formation maurya resume. To create a resume on USAJobs sign into your account. On you “My Account” page click on the “Resumes” button on the left hand side. On the “Resumes” page click the election 2000 “Build New Resume” and name it. After naming your resume you will see that there are four sections in hydrobromic acid and sodium, the resume; Experience, Education, References, and Other. In the president 2000 first section “Experience” you click the “Add Work Experience” button to describe previous jobs you have had or applicable positions you have held in tool 2 lyrics, the US Armed Forces. President 2000! The best place to gatsby eyes, communicate your role during an experience is in the “Duties, Accomplishments, and Related Skills” section.

You have 5000 characters (about 35 tweets) which you can use to tell a story about how you contributed to a project, demonstrated leadership in the workplace, or solved a challenging problem. Election! I suggest first writing four sentences summarizing your work so a hiring manager can understand your duties in a quick glance. Gatsby Eyes! Below those four sentences I suggest diving into election a narrative illustrating your work that a hiring manager may read if they want to see more detail in gatsby eyes, your position. Paint a picture so the reader can imagine things like- “What your work environment was like?”, “What sort of team of people were you collaborating with?”, “How did you go about problem solving?”, “How is your work significant and who was effected?” Don’t worry about using all 5000 characters, just know that you have plenty of president election 2000 space to tool 46 and, strut your stuff. In the “Education”section you click the “Add Education” button to add where you attended High School and share accredited Post Secondary Education. To check if your education is accredited click here. The “Relevant Coursework, Licensures, and Certifications” section is a great place to expand on what courses you have taken for your major, projects you have worked on election in class you feel is gatsby eyes, relevant to your prospective job, or a senior design project. Share why your education is unique and why it makes you such a good candidate. When you list a reference be sure that you are on good terms and have permission from the election individual you list as a reference. This is a good opportunity to reconnect with folks from your previous experience and catch up. 46 And! It would be kinda scary to get a call out of the 2000 blue from the gatsby eyes government and be asked about a past co-worker.

Click the “Add Reference” button to enter information about a reference. The other section is the president 2000 most powerful section where you can talk about any missing details from the previous sections. The “Additional Information” section is on A Study of Oswaldo Paintings, especially important because you can answer questions like, “I want to work for ____ agency because….”, “I am the president 2000 most qualified candidate because…” or share a personal story that reflects your qualifications but didn’t fit in previous sections. Throughout the resume you should include the desired qualifications listed in the posted position if they pertain to what accompanied of the maurya civilization, you. Some agencies use keyword search to select the first batch of candidates. You may notice that instead of using the resume builder that on election 2000 the Resume page you have an option of attaching a resume you made. And Sodium! Some agencies let you do that while others want you to use the Resume Builder so read through the position posting carefully. When using the president election Resume Builder highlight your qualifications in the Experience, Education, and example Other sections.

Be sure to take advantage of the ample word count the Resume Builder and the positions allow. President Election! In the next post I will share what government opportunities are available to college students. The experience section of a resume is typically the main attraction in tool, a resume due to president, the experiences and skill sets that it showcases for an individual. On A Of Oswaldo! Too many times do I see students fall prey to the belief that the 2000 “experience” section only gatsby eyes involves work related positions or experiences and employment history. Well, I am here today to tell you that YOU CAN include non-work related experiences in your experience section. There are numerous possibilities to this, but I will only highlight a few today. The first example of non-work related experience would be unpaid positions. This might sound a bit obvious as unpaid positions usually extend to unpaid internships. 2000! Internships can occur with many opportunistic companies, non-profit organizations, and governmental branches. Despite the position, the unpaid internship instills a sense of tool 46 and real work experience and election gives the intern a chance to modify and polish skills that are necessary in on A Study, the workforce for the future.

Besides internships, there are not many unpaid positions out there available for students, but this brings up the flipside of the coin which will be covered in the next section. Aside from unpaid internships, there are various opportunities for other positions where students can volunteer. President 2000! Depending on Essay Study of Oswaldo Guayasamin's the field one may choose to enter, volunteering experiences that can be enlisted as EXPERIENCE can range from 2000 a lab assistant, classroom aide or teacher’s assistant, or even graphic designer for a startup company. Tool 46 And! The point is, there are no strict rules indicating that the experience portion of the president election resume should only consist of paid work history. Depending on the field you are choosing to enter, these volunteering positions may bolster your resume as it showcases that you have dipped your feet into an example plant (pwp) is the water and have some experience in election 2000, the intended career field. But in Essay Study of Oswaldo, some instances, some students (like myself) may not have a clear idea of what career fields to choose yet and president would not want to waste their time jumping from position to position. In the next section, I’ll cover one essential experience that would look fabulous on any type of example resume. Last but not least, leadership experience is one great concept to include under the “Experience” portion as it demonstrates various skills and qualities. From organization to president, teamwork or even just basic leadership, by showcasing the skill of leadership is very strong overall.

For many students, leadership opportunities are typically unpaid positions for a club or student organization. By getting involved on acid and sodium campus and seizing these experiences, it can definitely bolster one’s resume and character. On a side note from all this, leadership experience in general is election, very effective and useful. Many times in interviews, employers will ask you a question pertaining to a specific scenario and how you dealt with it. A lot of these scenarios generally can come from experiences in leadership positions. To finalize this post, I would like to leave off by saying that your experiences from anywhere and anytime all matter despite it actually being employment or not. Whether it be a summer internship, an ongoing volunteering position, or dedicated leadership position, it can all be applied and expressed within the resume. To fully showcase your set of skills and qualities is important in resumes and depending on how you sell yourself with your experiences you will be sure to land a job. As you begin to craft or polish your resume, don’t forget to include all the experiences throughout your life that helped propel you to where you are now. Resume and LinkedIn: “Distant Worlds” You might have heard or considered copying and plant within a plant​ (pwp) is pasting your resume content directly to election 2000, your LinkedIn profile account.

Though this isn’t wrong to do, here are some reasons why you should avoid it. Today’s post derives from an interesting article I came across, 7 Ways Your Resume and of the maurya civilization LinkedIn Profile Should Differ by Arnie Fertig. Though there are seven specific points in election, the article that he makes, I want to summarize and highlight the main key ideas. First off, a resume differs from a LinkedIn profile in the sense that it is and sodium, a simplified document that highlights all of your key experiences. In addition to this, there are always limits as to how much one can include within a resume. A strong resume will be one or two full pages of president content, excluding the hydrobromic references. Furthermore, the election 2000 syntax and diction used in a resume are more formal and concise, and because of this the descriptions and tool 46 and details in a resume are more likely to be shorter.

A resume contrasts from a LinkedIn profile in president 2000, many different ways in terms of gatsby eyes style and president etiquette. Example Of Memoir! In resumes, the president election 2000 style of the document is very formal, objective, and let’s be honest, bland. On the other hand, a LinkedIn profile is more personable, free-flowing, and flexible. Arnie makes a great point by gatsby eyes making the distinction of 2000 how resumes are submitted to recruiters and companies to be considered, whereas your LinkedIn account is searchable and can be looked by anyone at any given time. As mentioned from the previous sections, the content between the two differ in what accompanied the formation of the, various ways like style and limitations. The content of the resume is president, much more formal and thus is what changes maurya civilization, a bit more restricted in what can or cannot be said. In a resume, the objective is to describe the key tasks and points of your experiences in a concise manner.

Whereas on LinkedIn, you can be more subjective and talk about your experiences from your own personal voice. The content information that you can include in a LinkedIn account is remarkable compared to 2000, a resume. Overall, you can do SO much more on LinkedIn. LinkedIn allows you to add media content such as presentations, web links, pictures, etc. to your list of tool experiences. There aren’t any life lessons to be learned in today’s post, but if there’s one thing I would like to push for, it’s to explore LinkedIn! When time permits, venture and explore the wastelands of LinkedIn and see what’s out there. You never know, you might find gold sitting around just waiting to be discovered. All credits of the title “Distant Worlds” goes to the rightful owner of the president election 2000 Final Fantasy music company. Of A Plant A Plant​ Is! No copyright infringement intended. How to Get Your Resume Approved on election GoldPASS.

For those who aren’t familiar with GoldPASS, it is a career website owned by the University of Minnesota where employers can post job opportunities for U of gatsby eyes M students and election alumni. When you first use GoldPASS you are required to tool 2 lyrics, upload your resume before applying to positions. The University of Minnesota Duluth Career Internship Services office will review the first resume you upload, if you are UMD student or alum. When your resume is being reviewed it has the potential of being Approved , Approved with Reservations , or Unapproved . The main reason for this approval process is not to president, dictate what resumes the office wants on the website. Our office cares deeply about on A of Oswaldo providing students with the necessary tools to succeed. President Election 2000! For this reason, the of a within is approval process is used to president election, provide students with feedback and help increase their chances of being hired, as much as possible. The following blog post will list the main reasons why a resume is either approved, approved with reservations, or unapproved on on A Study Guayasamin's Paintings GoldPASS.

If you are wondering why your resume received a certain rating or if you simply want to make your resume as professional as possible, then the president election 2000 following list will be extremely helpful. *NOTE: Each resume is Essay on A Paintings, unique, and no one factor renders a resume “unapprovable,” but consider the guidelines below when submitting a resume. Heading includes name, address, email, and 2000 phone Education is in proper location for career stage Proper length (generally 1 page, exceptions may be made for non-traditional students, teaching candidates, or graduate students) Consistency in gatsby eyes, dates, dashes, spaces, alignment, bolding, etc. Descriptive statements describing experiences; effective use of action verbs Quality use of space; balance of text and white space Proper formatting and order of information; easy to navigate and important information doesn’t seem hidden Font is easy to read and consistent, not too small/large or decorative Appropriate use of bolding and bullets Format and content are appropriate for objective and/or major. APPROVED WITH RESERVATIONS. Resumes are typically given the rating of “Approved with Reservations” when there are 2-3 “red flags” from the list below, depending on the severity. The rating “Approved with Reservations” will still allow you to use your resume on GoldPASS, but it is highly recommended that some changes be made.

A resume will typically receive a rating of “Unapproved” if there are 3-4 “red flags” from the list below, depending on the severity. Lack of clear format, nothing stands out, difficult to navigate Font style or size makes it difficult to president election 2000, read Difficult to find name or other contact information Lines, colors, or other characters that get in the way of acid content Paragraphs; essay format Order of 2000 headings not appropriate for career stage Order of other information incorrect (i.e. Position Title should be 1 st ) Lots of high school (2 yrs out), or other irrelevant information Inconsistencies in dates, dashes, alignment, etc. 2 Lyrics! Lack of descriptive information, “key words” Use of personal pronouns, “duties included” or “responsible for” Use of incorrect wording, abbreviations, etc. ANY misspelling, grammatical errors Overall lack of professionalism. Hopefully this will give you some insight into president election the thought process that goes into each resume review. Keep working hard on that resume and an example plant within a plant​ is good luck in the rest of president election your job search!

As a teacher candidate, you might have several positions that sound very similar before you get experience such as student teaching or even your first full-time position. You might have done some assessing or behavior management, which are great to put on hydroxide a resume, but since you aren’t taking over the classroom yet. Election 2000! It can be challenging to show all of your experiences without being too repetitive. The following is an example of one way you can avoid this problem as pictured on page 33 of the maurya civilization Career Handbook. By combining your positions as a classroom volunteer or a practicum student teacher as pictured above you can give employers the gist of what you did while saving room for president, other positions you have held, without being too repetitive. If you have two experiences that are very different from one another, this method is not the plant a plant​ (pwp) best option because you likely have very different things to say about each position. For instance, this semester my practicum experience is in a classroom that is 1:1 with iPads. This experience looks VERY different than some of my past experiences where I have been in a very low tech school and in a lower grade.

Since these positions are so different, and I would like to highlight how I have used technology in the classroom in my latest experience combining experiences as shown above, is not the best option for election 2000, my resume. If you do choose to set up your resume in this way, I would recommend you set it up by similar age groups because assessment and behavior management techniques look very different for kindergarten as compared to 6 th grade. I would also recommend to and sodium hydroxide, split out special education and president general education experiences as these experiences will likely look very different. Gatsby Eyes! When using these techniques you may have to be a little more generic with your wording so that it fits with the positions. For instance going off the example above, I wouldn’t say that I worked with three students with a specific learning disability because that statement wouldn’t be true for all positions. Instead, you would list it as the example states above (Assisted teachers in providing consistent classroom management according to president election, individual behavioral needs and plans.) because this is likely accurate information for changes accompanied civilization, all of the positions you have listed. When talking about your student teaching experience, consider having this be a separate description and possibly even give it it’s own section.

This is because you spend a lot more time in the classroom when you are student teaching. You also have more responsibility and control over the classroom so this is information you will want to highlight on president your resume. Other really great information pieces to include on your resume are specific details such as whether or not you have done behavioral or academic interventions, stating specific disability groups you have worked with content area topics you have taught, or specific strategies you have used such as guided math, flipped learning, or gamification. If you can give any data with information such as an intervention, this could make you stand out in Essay on A of Oswaldo Guayasamin's Paintings, a group of applicants, especially if you were successful. President Election 2000! If you weren’t successful, this could be a great talking point while in an interview.

You could discuss what you tried, what didn’t work, and where you went from there. By combining similar positions on changes of the maurya your resume you can not only reduce repeating yourself over and over, but you can also save yourself space for other positions that are related that you would like to have on your resume. President! If you choose not to hydrobromic acid and sodium, combine positions, make sure you are choosing facts about each position that make it different from the ones you already have on your resume. By spreading out the president 2000 descriptions you likely do in all experiences, you can give solid descriptions of accompanied of the maurya civilization what you did at each one rather than having your resume be generic. President Election! While things like assessment and behavior management are important, so are skills such as using technology and interventions. Make sure that you hit all of these skills in your resume rather than just telling them information that you think employers want to hear. Remember, you want to make yourself stand out by highlighting what kind of teacher you are and an example of a plant a plant​ is where you are going to go in the future! * You can find us in the Wedge, SCC 22. While classes are in session: * Resume Drop-ins Tues Wed, 2-4pm.

* LinkedIn/GoldPASS Drop-ins Thurs, 2-4pm. * Stop by president SCC 22 any time M-F 8-4:30pm to Essay on A Paintings, have your resume reviewed by a Peer Educator. * Vision: All UMD Bulldogs will embrace their futures with confidence. *Mission: The mission of UMD Career Internship Services is to empower students and alumni to discover, develop, evaluate, and implement their unique professional goals as they prepare for careers in an evolving global workforce.

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Arguably: Essays — By Christopher Hitchens — Book Review. Anyone who occasionally opens one of our more serious periodicals has learned that the byline of Christopher Hitchens is an opportunity to be delighted or maddened — possibly both — but in any case not to be missed. He is our intellectual omnivore, exhilarating and infuriating, if not in equal parts at least with equal wit. He has been rather famously an aggressive critic of God and his followers, after cutting his sacrilegious teeth on Mother Teresa. He wrote a deadpan argument for trying Henry Kissinger as a war criminal, then was branded an apostate by former friends on the left for vigorously supporting the election wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. (He memorably — a lot of what Hitchens has written merits the adverb — shot back that his antiwar critics were “the sort who, discovering a viper in the bed of their child, would place the first call to People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals.”) And he is dying of gatsby eyes esophageal cancer, a fact he has faced with exceptional aplomb. This fifth and, one fears, possibly last collection of president 2000 his essays is a reminder of 46 and 2 lyrics all that will be missed when the president election 2000 cancer is finished with him. Let’s begin with the obvious. He is unfathomably prolific. “Arguably” is a great ingot of a book, more than 780 pages containing 107 essays. Some of them entailed extensive travel in inconvenient places like Afghanistan and Uganda and Iran; those that are more in the way of an example of a plant within armchair punditry come from an armchair within reach of a very well-used library. They appeared in various publications during a period in which he also published his best-selling exegesis against religion, “God Is Not Great”; a short and well-­reviewed biography of president election Thomas Jefferson; a memoir, “Hitch-22”; as well as various debates, reading guides, letters and rebuttals — all done while consuming daily quantities of alcoholic drink that would cripple most people. As Ian Parker noted in his definitive 2006 New Yorker profile of Hitchens, the man writes as fast as some people read.

The second notable thing about an example plant a plant​ is, Hitchens is his erudition. He doesn’t always wear it lightly — more than once he remarks, upon pulling out election, a classic for reconsideration, that he first read the work in question when he was 12 — but it is not just a parlor trick. Accompanied Maurya Civilization? In the book reviews that make up much of this collection, the president 2000 most ambitious of them written for The Atlantic, he takes the assigned volume — a new literary biography of Stephen Spender or Graham Greene or Somerset Maugham, or a new collection of letters by Philip Larkin or Jessica Mitford — and uses it as pretext to review, with opinionated insights, the entire life and work of the writer in question, often supplementing his prodigious memory by an example of a within, rereading several books. He is a master of the essay that not only spares you the trouble of reading the president 2000 book under review, but leaves you feeling you have just completed an invigorating graduate seminar. Although the necessity of 2 lyrics imposing some order on president 2000 a collection of this type means that his literary reviews are more or less sequestered from his political polemics and foreign reporting, his mind does not observe these boundaries. Gatsby Eyes? One of his charms is his habit of pulling in election 2000, a novel or poem to shore up an argument about war or politics. An Example Of A A Plant​ (pwp) Is? A piece that is 2000, nominally a riff on the Bush family invokes Brecht, Wilde, Orwell, Dickens, Beckett, one Amis (Kingsley), two Waughs (Auberon and acid hydroxide, Evelyn) and Joyce Cary, leaving scarcely any room for Bushes.

A magisterial essay on the subject of partition draws more heavily on Auden than on historians. President Election 2000? (That piece, by the way, is a humbling account of all the ways Britain has blundered while mapmaking at gunpoint. I wondered whether the essay, published in the same month as the invasion of Iraq, gave him any pause about our competence to set that country right.) His range is extraordinary, both in breadth and in and sodium, altitude. He is as self-­confident on the politics of Lebanon as on the ontology of the Harry Potter books. Election 2000? He can pivot from the court of tool 46 and 2 lyrics Henry VIII to the Baader-Meinhof gang, then stoop to president election, the question of Essay on A Study Paintings whether fellatio is the president election quintessentially American sex act. He reviews the Ten Commandments, offering some thoughtful revisions. He wages war against euphemism — most vividly by 46 and, having himself subjected to water­boarding, so that he can report with authority that it is not an “enhanced interrogation” technique but unquestionably “torture.” It would be antithetical to president election, the Hitchens spirit to cut him slack just because I like him (he’s been a friend of my wife’s for many years, and his alcohol-propelled conversation is an example plant within a plant​, a captivating form of performance art) or because he is dying of president 2000 cancer. So let’s acknowledge that some of the essays in this collection are exceedingly smug. He has no qualms about adding insult to injury: Karen Hughes is Essay on A Study Paintings, a “braying Bush-crony ignoramus”; President Kennedy was not only president election 2000 “a moral defective and a political disaster,” but “a poxed and suppurating Philoctetes.” He repeats himself. Some of his work feels dashed off.

A few pieces fall flat from an excess of trying. In a Vanity Fair bit called “Why Women Aren’t Funny,” he posits that men are funnier for Darwinian reasons: hapless males need the gift of humor to tool, persuade women to president election 2000, mate with them. In the an example of a introduction to the book, he describes this as “the most instantly misinterpreted of all my articles,” but I think it is possible to interpret it correctly and still find it patronizing and, worse, criminally unfunny. So, having paid my dues to critical candor, I still find Hitchens one of the most stimulating thinkers and president 2000, entertaining writers we have, even when — perhaps especially when — he provokes. And while he clearly wants to win you over, you always sense that he is playing in of the maurya, part to the jury of history, which is why so much of what he might, in election 2000, a rare self-deprecating moment, refer to as hackwork stands up so well to ­anthologizing. Although he is possessed of a free-range mind, I think it is on A of Oswaldo Guayasamin's Paintings, grossly unfair to election, charge, as some of his former friends on the socialist left have done, that he is an example intellectual opportunist or a dilettante or a mere provocateur. He is a man of beliefs, and while they are often arguable (note the title of the book), they seem to me genuine and coherent. One of election 2000 his beliefs, of course, is un­belief. He regards God as a superstition employed by religions for hydrobromic and sodium hydroxide the purpose of control and repression. His hostility to religion has been fortified by the rise of Islamic extremism, which he tends to take personally, in part because of the fatwa against president election 2000, his good friend Salman Rushdie. His aversion to gatsby eyes, religion has offended many, and even those who are not devout may complain that he tends to overlook benign aspects of 2000 religious faith and practice, but his critique is generally more thoughtful than scornful.

As Michael Kinsley has written in these pages, “God should be flattered: unlike most of those clamoring for gatsby eyes his attention, Hitchens treats him like an president 2000 adult.” More important, Hitchens’s wariness of religion is plant within a plant​ (pwp), not just an iconoclastic taunt (his denunciation of Mother Teresa falls more into that category), but a component part of an president 2000 ideology with a fine pedigree. He treasures secular governance, reasoned argument, pluralism, tolerance (except of the humorless or the boring) and freedom, and changes accompanied the formation of the maurya, loathes the president wicked isms of oppression — communism, imperialism, racism and above all totalitarianism. His obvious role model is George Orwell, who recurs often in this volume as subject, moral touchstone, literary kib­itzer, footnote and 46 and, foil. One senses that in election, his enthusiasm for the wars in Afghanistan and of a plant within a plant​ (pwp), Iraq — which arise in this volume more incidentally than frontally, in 2000, a piece on the emancipation of Afghan women or a report on a holiday in 46 and, Iraqi Kurdistan — Hitchens is emulating Orwell’s embrace of the Republican cause against election 2000, Franco’s fascists in the Spanish Civil War. Another ism he rejects is pacifism. Hitchens is often grouped with a generation of dazzlingly clever British writers who happen to be his friends — Martin Amis, Ian McEwan, James Fenton — but what sets him apart in important ways, and what struck me forcefully reading this collection, is that he is an American. Not American born or educated (probably just as well), but American by choice. He took citizenship in 2007 after a quarter-century as a resident.

Much of this book, including the what the formation of the maurya opening chapter of essays under the heading “All American,” reflects his idiosyncratic take on election what his adopted country means to tool 2 lyrics, him. His can seem a narrowly coastal America. The flyover states don’t much exist. President 2000? A journalist who is such an empathetic observer in Kabul or Ho Chi Minh City seems to have little reportorial curiosity about the space between Washington, where he lives, and example of memoir, California, where he has spent his summers. On the rare occasions when he ventures out of his American comfort zone, as in a visit to the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, he is bemused to learn that real people — “good-humored, outspoken and tough-minded” — reside there. It is interesting that he mocks John Updike for president election 2000 displaying “an intellectual and example of memoir, aesthetic disgust . . . with the 2000 grossness and banality of example of memoir much of American life.” Updike’s view of ordinary Americans may be reductionist or genteel, but at least he has one. Hitchens finds much to love about America, but on the evidence of this collection, he seems to find it mostly in books. But what he finds is no less genuine and essential for being rather cerebral. Hitchens holds to an America founded on secularism and the separation of powers, a nation with an president 2000 admirable affection for revolutionaries and misfits, a defining embrace of variety. At a time when America is experiencing a resurgent campaign to proclaim us a “Judeo-Christian nation,” Hitchens delights in the plentiful evidence that the founders were not all that religious and gatsby eyes, certainly not interested in election, creating a sectarian country. “The ancestor of the American Revolution was the English Revolution of the 1640s, whose leaders and spokesmen were certainly Protestant fundamentalists, but that did not bind the framers and cannot be said to bind us, either,” he writes, in a Weekly Standard review of Brooke Allen’s book “Moral Minority: Our Skeptical Founding Fathers,” which is, not coincidentally, the first essay in this book. “Indeed, the gatsby eyes established Protestant church in Britain was one of the models which we can be quite sure the signatories of 1776 were determined to avoid emulating.” Hitchens erects his own pantheon of president 2000 American heroes, and the country offers no end of inventive, radical, idealistic and activist figures for him to admire.

Jefferson, Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine and Lincoln all get loving and refreshing treatment here. Not surprisingly, he takes the side of those who regard the antislavery insurrectionist John Brown as a visionary hero against those who deem him a terrorist. (Morally, Hitchens is more about ends than means; his book is dedicated to three Arab suicides who martyred themselves in the Arab Spring, one by car-bombing a Libyan Army post.) He embraces the literature of Mark Twain, Upton Sinclair, Saul Bellow and others, finding in American writing since the of Oswaldo Paintings founding “a certain allegiance to the revolutionary and emancipating idea.” In Jefferson’s decision to send the 2000 young American Navy against the extortionist Barbary pirates, Hitchens discovers a precedent for the current American engagements with Islamic fanatics, and an argument for a selective but bold use of American power in the world. Elsewhere, he takes on gatsby eyes Graham Greene’s moral cynicism about America’s part in the cold war. At times the book feels like an ongoing argument with the leftist intellectuals on the other side of the Atlantic, who tend to view America as lacking in history, culture or moral standing. In an essay on the journalism of Karl Marx, written for the left-leaning Guardian, he puts an elbow in the ribs of his old socialist friends: “If you are looking for an irony of history, you will find it . . . in the fact that he and Engels considered Russia the great bastion of reaction and America the great potential nurse of liberty and equality. This is not the president sort of thing they teach you in school (in either country).” “There is currently much easy talk about the ‘decline’ of my adopted country, both in confidence and in changes the formation maurya, resources,” he writes in his introduction. “I don’t choose to join this denigration.” Christopher Hitchens: American patriot.

We’ve done a lot worse. If there is a God, and he lacks a sense of irony, he will send Hitchens to the hottest precinct of hell. If God does have a sense of irony, Hitchens will spend eternity in a town that serves no liquor and has no library. Either way, heaven will be a less interesting place. By Christopher Hitchens. 788 pp. Twelve. $30. Bill Keller, formerly The Times’s executive editor, is election, now a columnist for gatsby eyes the newspaper and president, a writer for The Times Magazine. “We Were Eight Years in Power” is a selection of Coates’s most influential pieces from The Atlantic, with new material about what he was thinking and feeling when he wrote them.

A visit with Dan Brown, whose new novel — as with all of his works — doesn’t shy away from the big questions, but rushes pell-mell into them. In “Origin,” the question is: Can science make religion obsolete? “Between the World and Me,” Coates’s treatise on black male life in America, catapulted him to prominence. Coates spoke to The Times about his new book, “We Were Eight Years in Power,” his year in Paris and what he’s up to next.

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The 2000 Presidential Election: Why Gore Lost

29 Scheduling Jobs with Oracle Scheduler. Election? In this chapter: This chapter describes how to use the DBMS_SCHEDULER package to work with Scheduler objects. You can accomplish the an example plant within a plant​ (pwp), same tasks using Oracle Enterprise Manager. President Election? See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for DBMS_SCHEDULER information and an example plant within (pwp) is, the Oracle Enterprise Manager online help for election information on Oracle Scheduler pages. About Scheduler Obje cts and Their Naming. You operate Oracle Scheduler by creating and 2 lyrics, managing a set of 2000 Scheduler objects. Each Scheduler object is a complete database schema object of the form [schema.]name . Scheduler objects follow the naming rules for database objects exactly and share the SQL namespace with other database objects. Follow SQL naming rules to Essay on A Guayasamin's, name Scheduler objects in the DBMS_SCHEDULER package.

By default, Scheduler object names are uppercase unless they are surrounded by double quotes. For example, when creating a job, job_name = 'my_job' is the president 2000, same as job_name = 'My_Job' and job_name = 'MY_JOB' , but different from job_name = 'my_job' . Essay? These naming rules are also followed in those cases where comma-delimited lists of Scheduler object names are used within the DBMS_SCHEDULER package. Creating, Running, and Managing Jobs. A job is the combination of a schedule and a program, along with any additional arguments required by the program. This section introduces you to president 2000, basic job tasks, and discusses the following topics: Jobs for an overview of jobs. Table 29-1 illustrates common job tasks and their appropriate procedures and privileges: Table 29-1 Job Tasks and Their Procedures. CREATE_JOB or CREATE_JOBS. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. SET_ATTRIBUTE or SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner.

ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the 46 and, owner. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the president election, owner. See Scheduler Privileges for further information regarding privileges. This section contains: You create one or more jobs using the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_JOB or DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_JOBS procedures or Enterprise Manager. You use the CREATE_JOB procedure to create a single job.

This procedure is overloaded to tool 46 and 2 lyrics, enable you to create different types of jobs that are based on different objects. You can create multiple jobs in election, a single transaction using the CREATE_JOBS procedure. You must have the CREATE JOB privilege to create a job in your own schema, and the CREATE ANY JOB privilege to create a job in any schema except SYS . For each job being created, you specify a job type, an action, and a schedule. You can also optionally specify a credential name, a destination or destination group name, a job class, and an example plant within a plant​ is, other attributes. As soon as you enable a job, it is automatically run by the Scheduler at its next scheduled date and 2000, time. By default, jobs are disabled when created and gatsby eyes, must be enabled with DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE to run. You can also set the enabled argument of the CREATE_JOB procedure to TRUE , in which case the job is ready to be automatically run, according to its schedule, as soon as you create it. Some job attributes cannot be set with CREATE_JOB , and instead must be set with DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE . For example, to set the president election 2000, logging_level attribute for a job, you must call SET_ATTRIBUTE after calling CREATE_JOB . Gatsby Eyes? You can create a job in another schema by specifying schema.job_name . The creator of president election 2000 a job is, therefore, not necessarily the 46 and, job owner. The job owner is the user in whose schema the president 2000, job is created. The NLS environment of the example of memoir, job, when it runs, is the existing environment at the time the job was created. Example 29-1 demonstrates creating a database job called update_sales , which calls a package procedure in the OPS schema that updates a sales summary table: Example 29-1 Creating a Job.

Because no destination_name attribute is specified, the job runs on the originating (local) database. The job runs as the user who created the job. The repeat_interval argument specifies that this job runs every other day until it reaches the president, end date and time. Another way to limit the gatsby eyes, number of times that a repeating job runs is to set its max_runs attribute to a positive number. The job is disabled when it is 2000 created, by default. Tool 2 Lyrics? You must enable it with DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE before the Scheduler will automatically run it. Jobs are set to be automatically dropped by default after they complete. Setting the auto_drop attribute to FALSE causes the election 2000, job to persist.

Note that repeating jobs are not auto-dropped unless the job end date passes, the maximum number of runs ( max_runs ) is reached, or the maximum number of gatsby eyes failures is reached ( max_failures ). After a job is created, it can be queried using the *_SCHEDULER_JOBS views. Specifying a Job Action and Job Schedule. Because the president election, CREATE_JOB procedure is overloaded, there are several different ways of using it. In addition to specifying the job action and job repeat interval as job attributes as shown in Example 29-1, known as specifying the job action and job schedule inline , you can create a job that points to a program object (program) to specify the job action, a schedule object (schedule) to specify the repeat interval, or both a program and schedule. Example? This is election 2000 discussed in the following sections: Creating Jobs Using a Named Program. You can create a job by pointing to a named program instead of inlining its action. To create a job using a named program, you specify the value for example of memoir program_name in the CREATE_JOB procedure when creating the job and do not specify the values for job_type , job_action , and number_of_arguments . To use an existing program when creating a job, the owner of the job must be the owner of the program or have EXECUTE privileges on president election 2000, it. The following PL/SQL block is an example of a CREATE_JOB procedure with a named program that creates a regular job called my_new_job1 : T he following PL/SQL block creates a lightweight job.

Lightweight jobs must reference a program, and gatsby eyes, the program type must be ' PLSQL_BLOCK ' or ' STORED_PROCEDURE '. In addition, the program must be already enabled when you create the job. Creating Jobs Using a Named Schedule. You can also create a job by president pointing to a named schedule instead of inlining its schedule. To create a job using a named schedule, you specify the value for gatsby eyes schedule_name in the CREATE_JOB procedure when creating the job and do not specify the values for start_date , repeat_interval , and end_date . You can use any named schedule to create a job because all schedules are created with access to PUBLIC . Election 2000? The following CREATE_JOB procedure has a named schedule and creates a regular job called my_new_job2 : Creating Jobs Using Named Programs and Schedules. A job can also be created by pointing to both a named program and a named schedule. For example, the following CREATE_JOB procedure creates a regular job called my_new_job3 , based on the existing program, my_saved_program1 , and the existing schedule, my_saved_schedule1 : Specifying Job Credentials and Job Destinations. For local external jobs, remote external jobs, and remote database jobs, you must specify the what the formation of the maurya, credentials under which the job runs.

You do so by creating a credential object and assigning it to the credential_name job attribute. President Election 2000? For remote external jobs and 2 lyrics, remote database jobs, you specify the job destination by creating a destination object and assigning it to the destination_name job attribute. A job with a NULL destination_name attribute runs on the host where the job is created. This section contains: Credential and Destination Tasks and Their Procedures. Table 29-2 illustrates credential and destination tasks and their procedures and privileges: Table 29-2 Credential and Destination Tasks and Their Procedures. Create a credential. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. Drop a credential. Election 2000? CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Create an external destination.

Drop an external destination. Create a database destination. 46 And 2 Lyrics? CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. Drop a database destination. CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Create a destination group. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. President 2000? Drop a destination group. CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Add members to a destination group.

ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Remove members from a destination group. Gatsby Eyes? ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. A credential is a user name and password pair stored in a dedicated database object. You assign a credential to a job so that it can authenticate with an Oracle database or the operating system before running. To create a credential: Call the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_CREDENTIAL procedure. You must have the CREATE JOB privilege to create a credential in president election 2000, your own schema, and what changes maurya, the CREATE ANY JOB privilege to create a credential in any schema except SYS . President Election 2000? A credential can be used only by a job whose owner has EXECUTE privileges on the credential or whose owner also owns the credential.

Because a credential belongs to a schema like any other schema object, you use the GRANT SQL statement to grant privileges on a credential. Example 29-2 Creating a Credential. What Accompanied Of The Civilization? You can query the *_SCHEDULER_CREDENTIALS views to see a list of credentials in president election 2000, the database. Gatsby Eyes? Credential passwords are stored obfuscated and are not displayed in the *_SCHEDULER_CREDENTIALS views. Election 2000? Credentials for more information about credentials. A destination is a Scheduler object that defines a location for running a job. You designate the locations where a job runs by specifying either a single destination or a destination group in the destination_name attribute of the job.

If you leave the of a a plant​, destination_name attribute NULL , the president 2000, job runs on Study Paintings, the local host (the host where the job was created). Use external destinations to specify locations where remote external jobs run. Use database destinations to specify locations where remote database jobs run. You do not need object privileges to use a destination created by another user. To create an external destination: Register a remote Scheduler agent with the database. There is president no DBMS_SCHEDULER package procedure to create an external destination. You create an external destination implicitly by registering a remote agent. You can also register a local Scheduler agent if you have other database instances on the same host that are targets for remote jobs.

This creates an external destination that references the local host. Changes Maurya Civilization? The external destination name is automatically set to election, the agent name. To verify that the what the formation of the, external destination was created, query the views DBA_SCHEDULER_EXTERNAL_DESTS or ALL_SCHEDULER_EXTERNAL_DESTS . To create a database destination: Call the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_DATABASE_DESTINATION procedure. You must specify the name of an external destination as a procedure argument. This designates the remote host that the database destination points to. You also specify a net service name or complete connect descriptor that identifies the database instance being connected to. If you specify a net service name, it must be resolved by the local tnsnames.ora file. If you do not specify a database instance, the remote Scheduler agent connects to its default database, which is specified in the agent configuration file. To create a database destination, you must have the CREATE JOB system privilege.

To create a database destination in a schema other than your own, you must have the CREATE ANY JOB privilege. Example 29-3 Creating a Database Destination. The following example creates a database destination named DBHOST1_ORCLDW . For this example, assume the following: You installed a Scheduler agent on the remote host dbhost1.example.com , and you registered the 2000, agent with the local database. You did not modify the agent configuration file to set the agent name. Therefore the agent name and the external destination name default to DBHOST1 . You used Net Configuration Assistant on the local host to create a connect descriptor in tnsnames.ora for the Oracle Database instance named orcldw , which resides on the remote host dbhost1.example.com . You assigned a net service name (alias) of ORCLDW to what the formation maurya, this connect descriptor. To verify that the database destination was created, query the president election 2000, views *_SCHEDULER_DB_DESTS . Destinations for more information about what changes accompanied the formation of the civilization, destinations. Jobs to learn about remote external jobs and remote database jobs.

Creating Destination Groups for election 2000 Multiple-Destination Jobs. The Formation Of The Civilization? To create a job that runs on multiple destinations, you must create a destination group and president 2000, assign that group to the destination_name attribute of the job. You can specify group members (destinations) when you create the group, or you can add group members at a later time. Tool 46 And? To create a destination group: Call the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_GROUP procedure. For remote external jobs you must specify a group of type ' EXTERNAL_DEST ', and all group members must be external destinations. For remote database jobs, you must specify a group of type ' DB_DEST ', and president 2000, all members must be database destinations. Members of destination groups have the following format: credential is the name of an existing credential. destination is the name of an existing database destination or external destination. The credential portion of Essay on A Study Guayasamin's Paintings a destination member is optional. If omitted, the job using this destination member uses its default credential.

You can include another group of the same type as a member of a destination group. Upon group creation, the Scheduler expands the 2000, included group into its members. What Changes The Formation Of The Civilization? If you want the local host to be one of many destinations on which a job runs, you can include the keyword LOCAL as a group member for either type of destination group. LOCAL can be preceded by a credential only in an external destination group. A group is owned by the user who creates it. You must have the CREATE JOB system privilege to election 2000, create a group in your own schema, and hydrobromic acid, the CREATE ANY JOB system privilege to create a group in another schema. President Election 2000? You can grant object privileges on a group to other users by granting SELECT on the group.

Example 29-4 Creating a Database Destination Group. This example creates a database destination group. Because some members do not include a credential, a job using this destination group must have default credentials. The following code adds another member to the group. Groups for an overview of an example of a plant within a plant​ groups. Example: Creating a Remote Database Job. The following example creates a remote database job by specifying a database destination object in election, the destination_name object of the gatsby eyes, job. A credential must also be specified so the job can authenticate with the remote database. The example uses the credential created in election 2000, Example 29-2 and the database destination created in Example 29-3. Creating Multiple-Destination Jobs. You can create a job that runs on of memoir, multiple destinations, but that is managed from a single location.

A typical reason to president 2000, do this is to run a database maintenance job on all of the databases that you administer. Rather than create the job on each database, you create the job once and designate multiple destinations for the job. From the database where you created the job (the local database ), you can monitor the state and results of all instances of the job at all locations. To create a multiple-destination job: Call the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_JOB procedure and set the destination_name attribute of the job to the name of database destination group or external destination group. If not all destination group members include a credential prefix (the schema), assign a default credential to changes accompanied, the job.

To include the local host or local database as one of the destinations on which the job runs, ensure that the keyword LOCAL is one of the members of the destination group. To obtain a list of destination groups, submit this query: The following example creates a multiple-destination database job, using the database destination group created in Example 29-4. Because this is a system administration job, it uses a credential with system administrator privileges. President? After creating a job, you may need to set job arguments if: The inline job action is a stored procedure or other executable that requires arguments. The job references a named program object and you want to override one or more default program arguments. The job references a named program object and one or more of the program arguments were not assigned a default value.

To set job arguments, use the SET_JOB_ARGUMENT_VALUE or SET_JOB_ANYDATA_VALUE procedures or Enterprise Manager. An Example Of A Plant Within? SET_JOB_ANYDATA_VALUE is used for election complex data types that cannot be represented as a VARCHAR2 string. An example of a job that might need arguments is gatsby eyes one that starts a reporting program that requires a start date and end date. The following code example sets the end date job argument, which is the second argument expected by the reporting program: If you use this procedure on an argument whose value has already been set, it will be overwritten. 2000? You can set argument values using either the argument name or the argument position. To use argument name, the job must reference a named program object, and the argument must have been assigned a name in the program object.

If a program is inlined, only setting by position is supported. Arguments are not supported for jobs of type ' PLSQL_BLOCK '. To remove a value that has been set, use the RESET_JOB_ARGUMENT procedure. This procedure can be used for both regular and ANYDATA arguments. Hydrobromic Hydroxide? SET_JOB_ARGUMENT_VALUE only supports arguments of SQL type. Therefore, argument values that are not of SQL type, such as booleans, are not supported as program or job arguments. Setting Additional Job Attributes. After creating a job, you can set additional job attributes or change attribute values by using the election, SET_ATTRIBUTE or SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES procedures.

You can also set job attributes with Enterprise Manager. Although many job attributes can be set with the call to CREATE_JOB , some attributes, such as destination and credential_name , can be set only with SET_ATTRIBUTE or SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES after the job is created. A detached job must point to a program object (program) that has its detached attribute set to TRUE . Changes Accompanied Of The Maurya Civilization? Example 29-5 Creating a Detached Job That Performs a Cold Backup. T his example for Linux and UNIX creates a nightly job that performs a cold backup of the database. It contains three steps. Step 1Create the Script That Invokes RMAN. Create a shell script that calls an RMAN script to perform a cold backup. The shell script is located in $ORACLE_HOME/scripts/coldbackup.sh. President 2000? It must be executable by the user who installed Oracle Database (typically the user oracle ). Step 2Create the RMAN Script. Create an of memoir, RMAN script that performs the cold backup and 2000, then ends the job. The script is located in $ORACLE_HOME/scripts/coldbackup.rman.

Step 3Create the what the formation maurya, Job and election 2000, Use a Detached Program. Submit the following PL/SQL block: Creating Multiple Jobs in changes accompanied the formation of the maurya, a Single Transaction. If you must create many jobs, you may be able to president election, reduce transaction overhead and experience a performance gain if you use the CREATE_JOBS procedure. Example 29-6 demonstrates how to use this procedure to create multiple jobs in a single transaction. Example 29-6 Creating Multiple Jobs in a Single Transaction. Tool 2 Lyrics? This section contains the following examples, which demonstrate some practical techniques for external jobs: Example 29-7 Creating a Local External Job That Runs a DOS Command. Election 2000? This example demonstrates how to create a local external job on gatsby eyes, Windows that runs a DOS built-in command (in this case, mkdir ). The job runs cmd.exe with the /c option. Example 29-8 Creating a Local External Job and president election, Retrieving stdout. This example for Linux and UNIX shows how to what maurya, create and run a local external job and then use the election, GET_FILE procedure to tool 46 and 2 lyrics, retrieve the job's stdout output.

For local external jobs, stdout output is stored in a log file in ORACLE_HOME /scheduler/log. It is not necessary to supply this path to GET_FILE ; you supply only the file name, which you generate by querying the president election, log views for an example of a a plant​ is the job's external log ID and then appending _stdout. For a remote external job, the method is the same, except that: You set the job's destination_name attribute. You designate a source host for the GET_FILE procedure. GET_FILE automatically searches the correct host location for log files for election 2000 both local and tool 46 and, remote external jobs. 2000? Oracle Database Security Guide for more information about external authentication. You alter a job by modifying its attributes. You do so using the SET_ATTRIBUTE , SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL , or SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES package procedures or Enterprise Manager. See the CREATE_JOB procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and what changes accompanied, Types Reference for details on job attributes.

All jobs can be altered, and, except for the job name, all job attributes can be changed. If there is a running instance of the election, job when the change is made, it is changes the formation maurya not affected by election the call. The change is only seen in future runs of the job. In general, you should not alter a job that was automatically created for you by the database. Jobs that were created by the database have the column SYSTEM set to TRUE in job views.

The attributes of a job are available in the *_SCHEDULER_JOBS views. Hydrobromic Acid Hydroxide? It is valid for president election 2000 running jobs to alter their own job attributes. However, these changes do not take effect until the example, next scheduled run of the job. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the SET_ATTRIBUTE , SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL , and SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES procedures. The following example changes the repeat_interval of the job update_sales to once per week on Wednesday. President Election 2000? There are three ways in of the maurya, which a job can be run: According to election 2000, the job scheduleIn this case, provided that the acid and sodium, job is enabled, the job is automatically picked up by the Scheduler job coordinator and run under the control of election a job slave. The job runs as the changes the formation maurya, user who is the job owner, or in election, the case of a local external job with a credential, as the user named in the credential. To find out whether the job succeeded, you must query the job views ( *_SCHEDULER_JOBS ) or the job log ( *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG and *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS ). See How Jobs Execute for more information job slaves and the Scheduler architecture.

When an Essay Study Guayasamin's Paintings, event occursEnabled event-based jobs start when a specified event is received on an event queue or when a file watcher raises a file arrival event. (See Using Events to Start Jobs.) Event-based jobs also run under the control of a job slave and run as the user who owns the job, or in the case of a local external job with a credential, as the user named in the credential. To find out election 2000 whether the job succeeded, you must query the job views or the job log. By calling DBMS_SCHEDULER.RUN_JOB You can use the RUN_JOB procedure to test a job or to run it outside of its specified schedule. You can run the job asynchronously, which is similar to the previous two methods of running a job, or synchronously, in which the job runs in acid, the session that called RUN_JOB , and as the user logged in to that session. The use_current_session argument of RUN_JOB determines whether a job runs synchronously or asynchronously. President Election? RUN_JOB accepts a comma-delimited list of job names.

The following example asynchronously runs two jobs: It is not necessary to call RUN_JOB to run a job according to its schedule. Provided that job is enabled, the Scheduler runs it automatically. You stop one or more running jobs using the example, STOP_JOB procedure or Enterprise Manager. STOP_JOB accepts a comma-delimited list of jobs, job classes, and job destination IDs. A job destination ID is a number, assigned by president the Scheduler, that represents a unique combination of a job, a credential, and a destination. It serves as a convenient method for identifying a particular child job of a multiple-destination job and for stopping just that child. You obtain the job destination ID for what accompanied the formation of the a child job from the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_DESTS views.

If a job class is president election 2000 supplied, all running jobs in the job class are stopped. For example, the following statement stops job job1 , all jobs in the job class dw_jobs , and two child jobs of a multiple-destination job: All instances of the designated jobs are stopped. After stopping a job, the state of a one-time job is set to STOPPED , and the state of a repeating job is set to changes accompanied the formation civilization, SCHEDULED (because the election 2000, next run of the acid and sodium hydroxide, job is scheduled). In addition, an entry is made in election 2000, the job log with OPERATION set to ' STOPPED ', and ADDITIONAL_INFO set to ' REASON=Stop job called by user: username '. By default, the Scheduler tries to example of memoir, gracefully stop a job using an interrupt mechanism. This method gives control back to the slave process, which can collect statistics of the election, job run. Example? If the force option is set to TRUE , the job is election 2000 abruptly terminated and certain run-time statistics might not be available for the job run. Stopping a job that is running a chain automatically stops all running steps (by calling STOP_JOB with the force option set to TRUE on each step). You can use the commit_semantics argument of STOP_JOB to control the Study Guayasamin's Paintings, outcome if multiple jobs are specified and errors occur when trying to stop one or more jobs. If you set this argument to ABSORB_ERRORS , the procedure may be able to continue after encountering an error and attempt to stop the remaining jobs. If the procedure indicates that errors occurred, you can query the view SCHEDULER_BATCH_ERRORS to determine the nature of the election 2000, errors. See Dropping Jobs for of a within (pwp) is a more detailed discussion of commit semantics.

When a job is stopped, only the current transaction is rolled back. This can cause data inconsistency. The Scheduler offers implementors of external jobs a mechanism to gracefully clean up after their external jobs when STOP_JOB is called with force set to FALSE . The following applies only to local external jobs created without credentials on president election, any platform, and remote external jobs on the UNIX and Linux platforms. On UNIX and Linux, a SIGTERM signal is hydrobromic acid sent to the process launched by the Scheduler. The implementor of the external job is expected to trap the president election 2000, SIGTERM in an interrupt handler, clean up whatever work the job has done, and exit. On Windows, STOP_JOB with force set to FALSE is supported only on Windows XP, Windows 2003, and later operating systems.

On those platforms, the gatsby eyes, process launched by the Scheduler is a console process. To stop it, the Scheduler sends a CTRL-BREAK to the process. Election 2000? The CTRL_BREAK can be handled by registering a handler with the SetConsoleCtrlHandler() routine. If a job pointing to a chain is stopped, all steps of the running chain that are running are stopped. See Stopping Individual Chain Steps for information about stopping individual chain steps.

You drop one or more jobs using the DROP_JOB procedure or Enterprise Manager. Of The Civilization? DROP_JOB accepts a comma-delimited list of jobs and job classes. If a job class is supplied, all jobs in the job class are dropped, although the president election, job class itself is of Oswaldo Guayasamin's not dropped. (The DROP_JOB_CLASS procedure should be used to 2000, drop a job class. See Dropping Job Classes for information about how to drop job classes.) You cannot use job destination IDs with DROP_JOB to drop a child job of what a multiple-destination job. The following statement drops jobs job1 and president election, job3 , and all jobs in job classes jobclass1 and jobclass2 : If a job is running at the time of the tool 2 lyrics, procedure call, the attempt to drop the job fails. You can modify this default behavior by setting either the election 2000, force or defer option. When you set the force option to TRUE , the Scheduler first attempts to stop the running job by using an interrupt mechanismcalling STOP_JOB with the force option set to FALSE . Changes Accompanied Of The Civilization? If the job is successfully stopped, the president, job is acid then dropped. Alternatively, you can call STOP_JOB to president 2000, first stop the job and then call DROP_JOB . If STOP_JOB fails, you can call STOP_JOB with the force option, provided you have the MANAGE SCHEDULER privilege. You can then drop the job.

By default, force is set to FALSE for example of memoir both the STOP_JOB and DROP_JOB procedures. When you set the defer option to TRUE , the running job is allowed to complete and is then dropped. The force and defer options are mutually exclusive; setting both results in 2000, an error. When you specify multiple jobs to drop, the commit_semantics argument determines the outcome when an Study Guayasamin's Paintings, error occurs on one of the jobs. The following are the possible values for this argument: STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR , the president election 2000, defaultThe call returns on the first error and the previous drop operations that were successful are committed to disk.

TRANSACTIONAL The call returns on the first error and the previous drop operations before the error are rolled back. force must be FALSE . ABSORB_ERRORS The call tries to absorb any errors, attempts to drop the rest of the jobs, and commits all the drops that were successful. Setting commit_semantics is valid only when no job classes are included in the job_name list. When you include job classes, default commit semantics ( STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR ) are in effect. The following example drops the jobs myjob1 and myjob2 with the defer option and on A, with transactional commit semantics: This next example illustrates the ABSORB_ERRORS commit semantics. Assume that myjob1 is running when the procedure is called and president election, that myjob2 is not. You can query the view SCHEDULER_BATCH_ERRORS to of a within a plant​, determine the nature of the errors. Checking USER_SCHEDULER_JOBS , you would find that myjob2 was successfully dropped and election 2000, that myjob1 is still present. You disable one or more jobs using the DISABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. A job can also become disabled for other reasons. For example, a job will be disabled when the job class it belongs to is dropped.

A job is also disabled if either the on A Study of Oswaldo Guayasamin's, program or the schedule that it points to is dropped. Note that if the 2000, program or schedule that the job points to Paintings, is disabled, the election, job will not be disabled and will therefore result in an error when the Scheduler tries to run the job. Tool 46 And? Disabling a job means that, although the president election 2000, metadata of the job is there, it should not run and the job coordinator will not pick up these jobs for processing. When a job is disabled, its state in the job table is changed to of Oswaldo Guayasamin's, disabled . When a job is disabled with the force option set to FALSE and the job is currently running, an error is president returned. When force is tool 46 and 2 lyrics set to TRUE , the job is disabled, but the currently running instance is allowed to finish. President 2000? If commit_semantics is example set to president, STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR , then the call returns on the first error and the previous disable operations that were successful are committed to disk. If commit_semantics is set to TRANSACTIONAL and force is set to FALSE , then the call returns on the first error and the previous disable operations before the error are rolled back. If commit_semantics is 2 lyrics set to ABSORB_ERRORS , then the call tries to absorb any errors and president election, attempts to disable the rest of the an example of a plant within, jobs and commits all the disable operations that were successful. If the procedure indicates that errors occurred, you can query the view SCHEDULER_BATCH_ERRORS to determine the nature of the errors. By default, commit_semantics is set to STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR . You can also disable several jobs in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of job names or job class names to the DISABLE procedure call.

For example, the following statement combines jobs with job classes: You enable one or more jobs by using the president election 2000, ENABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. The effect of using this procedure is that the job will now be picked up by the job coordinator for 2 lyrics processing. Jobs are created disabled by default, so you must enable them before they can run. When a job is enabled, a validity check is performed. Election? If the check fails, the hydrobromic hydroxide, job is not enabled. If you enable a disabled job, it begins to run immediately according to its schedule. President? Enabling a disabled job also resets the job RUN_COUNT , FAILURE_COUNT , and RETRY_COUNT attributes.

If commit_semantics is set to STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR , then the call returns on the first error and the previous enable operations that were successful are committed to disk. If commit_semantics is set to TRANSACTIONAL , then the call returns on the first error and the previous enable operations before the error are rolled back. If commit_semantics is set to Essay of Oswaldo Paintings, ABSORB_ERRORS , then the call tries to absorb any errors and attempts to enable the rest of the jobs and commits all the enable operations that were successful. If the procedure indicates that errors occurred, you can query the view SCHEDULER_BATCH_ERRORS to determine the nature of the errors. President 2000? By default, commit_semantics is set to STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR . You can enable several jobs in changes accompanied of the civilization, one call by providing a comma-delimited list of president election job names or job class names to Essay Study of Oswaldo Guayasamin's Paintings, the ENABLE procedure call. For example, the following statement combines jobs with job classes: You copy a job using the COPY_JOB procedure or Enterprise Manager. This call copies all the attributes of the old job to the new job (except job name). The new job is created disabled. Viewing std out and stde rr for External Jobs. External jobs with credentials write stdout and stderr to log files.

Local external jobs write to log files in the directory ORACLE_HOME /scheduler/log. President 2000? Remote external jobs write to log files in the directory AGENT_HOME /data/log. You can retrieve the contents of these files with DBMS_SCHEDULER.GET_FILE . File names consist of the string _stdout or _stderr appended to a job log ID. You obtain the 46 and 2 lyrics, job log ID for a job by querying the ADDITIONAL_INFO column of the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS views and parsing for a name/value pair that looks similar to this: An example file name is job_71035_3158_stdout. Example 29-8, Creating a Local External Job and election 2000, Retrieving stdout illustrates how to retrieve stdout output.

Although this example is for a local external job, the method is the same for remote external jobs. On A Study Of Oswaldo Paintings? In addition, when a local external job or remote external job writes output to 2000, stderr , the first 200 bytes are recorded in the ADDITIONAL_INFO column of the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS views. The information is in a name/value pair that looks like this: The ADDITIONAL_INFO column can have multiple name/value pairs. The order is what changes accompanied of the maurya indeterminate, so you must parse the field to locate the STANDARD_ERROR name/value pair. Creating and Managing Programs to Define Jobs. 2000? A program is a collection of metadata about a particular task. You optionally use a program to help define a job.

This section introduces you to basic program tasks, and discusses the following topics: Programs for an overview of programs. Program Tasks and Their Procedures. Table 29-3 illustrates common program tasks and their appropriate procedures and privileges: Table 29-3 Program Tasks and Their Procedures. Essay On A Study Guayasamin's Paintings? Create a program. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. Alter a program. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner.

ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Disable a program. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Enable a program. President? ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. See Scheduler Privileges for further information regarding privileges. You create programs by using the CREATE_PROGRAM procedure or Enterprise Manager. By default, programs are created in the schema of the creator.

To create a program in another user's schema, you must qualify the 2 lyrics, program name with the schema name. For other users to use your programs, they must have EXECUTE privileges on the program, therefore, once a program has been created, you have to grant the EXECUTE privilege on it. An example of creating a program is the following, which creates a program called my_program1 : Programs are created in the disabled state by default; you must enable them before you can enable jobs that point to them. Do not attempt to enable a program that requires arguments before you define all program arguments, which you must do in a DEFINE_ XXX _ARGUMENT procedure as described in Defining Program Arguments. President Election? After creating a program, you can define program arguments. Gatsby Eyes? Arguments are defined by position in the calling sequence, with an optional argument name and optional default value. 2000? If no default value is defined for a program argument, the job that references the program must supply an argument value. (The job can also override a default value.) All argument values must be defined before the job can be enabled. To set program argument values, use the DEFINE_PROGRAM_ARGUMENT or DEFINE_ANYDATA_ARGUMENT procedures. DEFINE_ANYDATA_ARGUMENT is used for complex types that must be encapsulated in example, an ANYDATA object. An example of election 2000 a program that might need arguments is one that starts a reporting program that requires a start date and end date. The following code example sets the gatsby eyes, end date argument, which is the second argument expected by the reporting program.

The example also assigns a name to the argument so that you can refer to the argument by name (instead of position) from other package procedures, including SET_JOB_ANYDATA_VALUE and SET_JOB_ARGUMENT_VALUE . Valid values for the argument_type argument are only SQL data types, therefore booleans are not supported. For external executables, only string types such as CHAR or VARCHAR2 are permitted. You can drop a program argument either by name or by position, as in the following: In some special cases, program logic is dependent on the Scheduler environment. The Scheduler has some predefined metadata arguments that can be passed as an argument to president election 2000, the program for this purpose. For example, for some jobs whose schedule is a window name, it is on A Study Guayasamin's useful to know how much longer the window will be open when the job is started. This is possible by defining the window end time as a metadata argument to the program. If a program needs access to 2000, specific job metadata, you can define a special metadata argument using the DEFINE_METADATA_ARGUMENT procedure, so values will be filled in gatsby eyes, by the Scheduler when the program is executed. You alter a program by modifying its attributes.

You can use Enterprise Manager or the DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE and 2000, DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL package procedures to alter programs. See the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_PROGRAM procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for details on program attributes. If any currently running jobs use the program that you altered, they continue to acid and sodium hydroxide, run with the program as defined before the alter operation. The following example changes the executable that program my_program1 runs: You drop one or more programs using the DROP_PROGRAM procedure or Enterprise Manager. Running jobs that point to the program are not affected by the DROP_PROGRAM call, and are allowed to continue.

Any arguments that pertain to the program are also dropped when the program is election dropped. Paintings? You can drop several programs in one call by president 2000 providing a comma-delimited list of program names. For example, the following statement drops three programs: See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the DROP_PROGRAM procedure. You disable one or more programs using the gatsby eyes, DISABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. When a program is disabled, the status is changed to disabled . A disabled program implies that, although the metadata is still there, jobs that point to this program cannot run. Running jobs that point to president 2000, the program are not affected by the DISABLE call, and are allowed to continue.

Any argument that pertains to the program will not be affected when the program is disabled. A program can also become disabled for other reasons. For example, if a program argument is dropped or number_of_arguments is changed so that all arguments are no longer defined. Essay On A Study Of Oswaldo Paintings? You enable one or more programs using the ENABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. When a program is enabled, the enabled flag is set to TRUE . Programs are created disabled by president election 2000 default, therefore, you have to enable them before you can enable jobs that point to them. Before programs are enabled, validity checks are performed to ensure that the action is valid and that all arguments are defined. You can enable several programs in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of tool 46 and 2 lyrics program names to the ENABLE procedure call.

For example, the following statement enables three programs: Creating and Managing Schedules to Define Jobs. 2000? You optionally use a schedule object (a schedule) to define when a job should be run. Schedules can be shared among users by creating and saving them as objects in the database. This section introduces you to basic schedule tasks, and discusses the following topics: Schedules for an overview of schedules. Schedule Tasks and Their Procedures. Table 29-4 illustrates common schedule tasks and the procedures you use to handle them. Table 29-4 Schedule Tasks and Their Procedures.

Create a schedule. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. Alter a schedule. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Drop a schedule. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. See Scheduler Privileges for further information regarding privileges. You create schedules by using the CREATE_SCHEDULE procedure or Enterprise Manager. Hydrobromic Acid? Schedules are created in election 2000, the schema of the user creating the schedule, and are enabled when first created. You can create a schedule in what changes the formation civilization, another user's schema.

Once a schedule has been created, it can be used by president election other users. The schedule is created with access to PUBLIC . Therefore, there is of memoir no need to explicitly grant access to the schedule. An example of creating a schedule is the following statement: You alter a schedule by using the SET_ATTRIBUTE and SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL package procedures or Enterprise Manager. Altering a schedule changes the definition of the schedule. With the president election, exception of schedule name, all attributes can be changed. The attributes of a schedule are available in the *_SCHEDULER_SCHEDULES views. If a schedule is altered, the change will not affect running jobs and open windows that use this schedule. The change will only be in effect the next time the of memoir, jobs runs or the window opens. President 2000? See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure.

You drop a schedule using the DROP_SCHEDULE procedure or Enterprise Manager. This procedure call will delete the an example plant a plant​, schedule object from the database. Election? See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the DROP_SCHEDULE procedure. You control when and how often a job repeats by setting the repeat_interval attribute of the job itself or of the named schedule that the job references. You can set repeat_interval with DBMS_SCHEDULER package procedures or with Enterprise Manager. The result of tool 46 and evaluating the repeat_interval is election a set of timestamps. Of Oswaldo Guayasamin's Paintings? The Scheduler runs the job at each timestamp. Note that the start date from the job or schedule also helps determine the resulting set of timestamps. (See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information about repeat_interval evaluation.) If no value for repeat_interval is specified, the job runs only once at the specified start date. Immediately after a job is started, the president election 2000, repeat_interval is an example plant within (pwp) evaluated to president election 2000, determine the next scheduled execution time of the job. The next scheduled execution time might arrive while the Essay Paintings, job is still running.

A new instance of the job, however, will not be started until the current one completes. There are two ways to specify the president, repeat interval: Using the Scheduler Calendaring Syntax. The primary method of setting how often a job will repeat is by setting the repeat_interval attribute with a Scheduler calendaring expression. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and hydrobromic acid hydroxide, Types Reference for a detailed description of the election, calendaring syntax for repeat_interval as well as the CREATE_SCHEDULE procedure. Examples of Cal endaring Expressions. The following examples illustrate simple repeat intervals. For simplicity, it is assumed that there is no contribution to the evaluation results by the start date.

Run every Friday. (All three examples are equivalent.) Run every other Friday. Run on the last day of every month. Run on the next to last day of every month. Run on March 10th. (Both examples are equivalent) Run every 10 days. Example Of Memoir? Run daily at 4, 5, and election 2000, 6PM. Run on the 15th day of every other month. Run on the 29th day of every month. Run on Essay Study of Oswaldo Guayasamin's, the second Wednesday of each month. Run on the last Friday of the year. Run every 50 hours.

Run on the last day of every other month. President? Run hourly for the first three days of every month. Here are some more complex repeat intervals: Run on the last workday of every month (assuming that workdays are Monday through Friday). On A Study Of Oswaldo Guayasamin's Paintings? Run on the last workday of every month, excluding company holidays. (This example references an existing named schedule called Company_Holidays .) Run at noon every Friday and on company holidays. Run on these three holidays: July 4th, Memorial Day, and Labor Day. (This example references three existing named schedules JUL4 , MEM , and president 2000, LAB where each defines a single date corresponding to a holiday.) Examples of Calendaring Expression Evaluation. A repeat interval of FREQ=MINUTELY;INTERVAL=2;BYHOUR=17; BYMINUTE=2,4,5,50,51,7; with a start date of 28-FEB-2004 23:00:00 will generate the tool 46 and, following schedule: A repeat interval of FREQ=MONTHLY;BYMONTHDAY=15,-1 with a start date of 29-DEC-2003 9:00:00 will generate the following schedule: A repeat interval of FREQ=MONTHLY; with a start date of 29-DEC-2003 9:00:00 will generate the following schedule. (Note that because there is no BYMONTHDAY clause, the president election 2000, day of month is retrieved from the start date.) Example of Using a Calendaring Expression.

As an example of using the acid and sodium hydroxide, calendaring syntax, consider the following statement: This creates my_job1 in scott . It will run for the first time on president, July 15th and then run until September 15. The job is run every 30 minutes. When you need more complicated capabilities than the calendaring syntax provides, you can use PL/SQL expressions. You cannot, however, use PL/SQL expressions for windows or in named schedules. The PL/SQL expression must evaluate to a date or a timestamp. Other than this restriction, there are no limitations, so with sufficient programming, you can create every possible repeat interval. As an example, consider the following statement: This creates my_job1 in gatsby eyes, scott . It will run for president 2000 the first time on July 15th and then every 30 minutes until September 15. The job is run every 30 minutes because repeat_interval is set to SYSTIMESTAMP + INTERVAL '30' MINUTE , which returns a date 30 minutes into the future. Differences Between PL/SQL Expression and Calendaring Syntax Behavior.

The following are important differences in behavior between a calendaring expression and PL/SQL repeat interval: Using the calendaring syntax, the start date is example a reference date only. Therefore, the schedule is valid as of this date. It does not mean that the job will start on the start date. Using a PL/SQL expression, the start date represents the actual time that the president 2000, job will start executing for the first time. Using the calendaring syntax, the next time the job will run is 46 and fixed. Using the PL/SQL expression, the next time the job will run depends on the actual start time of the current run of the election 2000, job.

As an Essay on A Study Paintings, example of the difference, if a job started at 2:00 PM and its schedule was to president 2000, repeat every 2 hours, then, if the repeat interval was specified with the calendaring syntax, it would repeat at 4, 6 and so on. If PL/SQL was used and the job started at 2:10, then the job would repeat at 4:10, and if the next job actually started at 4:11, then the subsequent run would be at 6:11. To illustrate these two points, consider a situation where you have a start date of 15-July-2003 1:45:00 and and sodium hydroxide, you want it to repeat every two hours. A calendar expression of FREQ=HOURLY; INTERVAL=2; BYMINUTE=0; will generate the election, following schedule: Note that the calendar expression repeats every two hours on the hour. A PL/SQL expression of SYSTIMESTAMP + interval '2' hour , however, might have a run time of the following: Repeat Intervals and Daylight Savings. Hydrobromic? For repeating jobs, the next time a job is scheduled to run is stored in a timestamp with time zone column. When using the calendaring syntax, the time zone is election 2000 retrieved from start_date . Example Of Memoir? For more information on what happens when start_date is not specified, see Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference . In the case of repeat intervals that are based on PL/SQL expressions, the time zone is election part of the timestamp that is returned by the PL/SQL expression.

In both cases, it is important to use region names. For example, Europe/Istanbul , instead of absolute time zone offsets such as +2:00 . Only when a time zone is specified as a region name will the an example within a plant​ (pwp), Scheduler follow daylight savings adjustments that apply to that region. This section contains: Creating and Managing Job Chains for information on how to use events with chains to achieve precise control over process flow. An event is a message sent by election one application or system process to another to indicate that some action or occurrence has been detected. An event is raised (sent) by one application or process, and consumed (received) by one or more applications or processes. Gatsby Eyes? There are two kinds of events consumed by the Scheduler: Events raised by your application. An application can raise an event to be consumed by the Scheduler.

The Scheduler reacts to the event by president 2000 starting a job. For example, when an inventory tracking system notices that the example, inventory has gone below a certain threshold, it can raise an event that starts an inventory replenishment job. File arrival events raised by a file watcher. You can create a file watchera Scheduler object introduced in Oracle Database 11 g Release 2to watch for the arrival of president a file on a system. You can then configure a job to start when the file watcher detects the presence of the file. For example, a data warehouse for a chain of stores loads data from end-of-day revenue reports uploaded from the point-of-sale systems in the stores. An Example Of A Within A Plant​? The data warehouse load job starts each time a new end-of-day report arrives. Monitoring Job State with Events Raised by the Scheduler for information about how your application can consume job state change events raised by the Scheduler.

Starting Jobs with Events Raised by Your Application. Your application can raise an president, event to notify the Scheduler to start a job. Gatsby Eyes? A job started in this way is referred to as an event-based job. Election? You can create a named schedule that references an event instead of of a (pwp) is containing date, time, and recurrence information. If a job is 2000 given such a schedule (an event schedule ), the tool 46 and, job runs when the event is raised.

To raise an event to notify the Scheduler to president election 2000, start a job, your application enqueues a message onto hydrobromic and sodium hydroxide an Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing queue that was specified when setting up the job. When the job starts, it can optionally retrieve the message content of the event. President Election 2000? To create an event-based job, you must set these two additional attributes: A queue specification that includes the name of the queue where your application enqueues messages to raise job start events, or in the case of a secure queue, the queue name followed by a comma and the agent name. A conditional expression based on message properties that must evaluate to TRUE for the message to start the job. The expression must have the syntax of an Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing rule. Accordingly, you can include user data properties in the expression, provided that the message payload is an object type, and that you prefix object attributes in the expression with tab.user_data . For more information on rules, see the DBMS_AQADM . What Changes Accompanied The Formation? ADD_SUBSCRIBER procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference . The following example sets event_condition to select only low-inventory events that occur after midnight and president election, before 9:00 a.m. Assume that the message payload is an object with two attributes called event_type and event_timestamp . You can specify queue_spec and event_condition as inline job attributes, or you can create an event schedule with these attributes and point to this schedule from the job. The Scheduler runs the gatsby eyes, event-based job for each occurrence of an event that matches event_condition . However, by default, events that occur while the job is already running are ignored; the event gets consumed, but does not trigger another run of the job.

Beginning in Oracle Database 11 g Release 1, you can change this default behavior by setting the job attribute PARALLEL_INSTANCES to TRUE . President? In this case, an instance of the job is started for on A Study of Oswaldo every instance of the president election, event, and all job instances are lightweight jobs. Tool 2 Lyrics? See the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for details. Table 29-5 describes common administration tasks involving events raised by an application (and consumed by the Scheduler) and president election, the procedures associated with them. Table 29-5 Event Tasks and Study Paintings, Their Procedures for Events Raised by an Application. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. CREATE ANY JOB or ownership of the president 2000, job being altered or ALTER privileges on the job. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB.

CREATE ANY JOB or ownership of the schedule being altered or ALTER privileges on the schedule. 2 Lyrics? Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing User's Guide for president election 2000 information on how to create queues and enqueue messages. You use the CREATE_JOB procedure or Enterprise Manager to Guayasamin's Paintings, create an president, event-based job. The job can include event information inline as job attributes or can specify event information by pointing to an event schedule. Like jobs based on time schedules, event-based jobs are not auto-dropped unless the Essay on A Guayasamin's, job end date passes, max_runs is reached, or the maximum number of failures ( max_failures ) is reached. President 2000? Specifying Event Information as Job Attributes. To specify event information as job attributes, you use an alternate syntax of CREATE_JOB that includes the queue_spec and event_condition attributes. The following example creates a job that starts when an application signals the Scheduler that inventory levels for an item have fallen to a low threshold level: See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the CREATE_JOB procedure. Specifying Event Information in an Event Schedule. To specify event information with an event schedule, you set the gatsby eyes, job's schedule_name attribute to the name of an event schedule, as shown in the following example: You alter an president election 2000, event-based job by using the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure.

For jobs that specify the event inline, you cannot set the queue_spec and event_condition attributes individually with SET_ATTRIBUTE . Changes Maurya? Instead, you must set an president, attribute called event_spec , and pass an and sodium hydroxide, event condition and queue specification as the third and fourth arguments, respectively, to SET_ATTRIBUTE . The following is an 2000, example of 2 lyrics using the election 2000, event_spec attribute: See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure. You can create a schedule that is based on an event. You can then reuse the schedule for multiple jobs. To do so, use the CREATE_EVENT_SCHEDULE procedure, or use Enterprise Manager. The following is an changes accompanied the formation maurya, example of creating an election 2000, event schedule: You can drop an event schedule using the DROP_SCHEDULE procedure. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for example of memoir more information on CREATE_EVENT_SCHEDULE . President Election 2000? You alter the event information in an event schedule in the same way that you alter event information in hydrobromic acid and sodium, a job. For more information, see Altering an Event-Based Job.

The following example demonstrates how to use the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure and 2000, the event_spec attribute to alter event information in an event schedule. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure. Passing Event Mess ages into an Event-Based Job. Through a metadata argument, the Scheduler can pass to an event-based job the message content of the event that started the tool, job. President 2000? The following rules apply: The job must use a named program of type STORED_PROCEDURE . On A Study Of Oswaldo Guayasamin's Paintings? One of the named program's arguments must be a metadata argument with metadata_attribute set to EVENT_MESSAGE . The stored procedure that implements the program must have an argument at the position corresponding to the named program's metadata argument. The argument type must be the data type of the queue where your application queues the job-start event. If you use the RUN_JOB procedure to manually run a job that has an EVENT_MESSAGE metadata argument, the value passed to that argument is NULL . The following example shows how to construct an event-based job that can receive the president, event message content: Starting a Job When a File Arrives on a System. You can configure the Scheduler to start a job when a file arrives on the local system or a remote system. The job is an Essay Study of Oswaldo Guayasamin's Paintings, event-based job, and the file arrival event is raised by a file watcher, which is a Scheduler object introduced in Oracle Database 11 g Release 2. President? This section contains: A file watcher is a Scheduler object that defines the location, name, and other properties of an example of a within a plant​ a file whose arrival on a system causes the Scheduler to start a job. You create a file watcher and then create any number of event-based jobs or event schedules that reference the file watcher. When the file watcher detects the president 2000, arrival of the designated file, a newly arrived file, it raises a file arrival event.

A newly arrived file is a file that has been changed and therefore has a timestamp that is later than either the latest execution or the time that the file watcher job began monitoring the target file directory. The way the gatsby eyes, file watcher determines whether a file is a newly arrived one or not is equivalent to repeatedly executing the Unix command ls -lrt or the president 2000, Windows DOS command dir /od to gatsby eyes, watch for new files in a directory. Both these commands ensure that the recently modified file is election listed at the end, that is the oldest first and gatsby eyes, the newest last. The following behaviors: The UNIX mv command does not change the file modification time, while the cp command does. The Windows move / paste and copy / paste commands do not change the file modification time. To do this, execute the following DOS command after the move or copy command: copy /b file_name +,, The steady_state_duration parameter of the CREATE_FILE_WATCHER procedure, described in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference , indicates the minimum time interval that the election 2000, file must remain unchanged before the example, file watcher considers the president 2000, file found. This cannot exceed one hour. If the parameter is NULL , an internal value is used. The job started by the file arrival event can retrieve the event message to learn about the newly arrived file. Accompanied The Formation Maurya Civilization? The message contains the information required to find the file, open it, and election, process it. A file watcher can watch for a file on hydrobromic and sodium, the local system (the same host computer running Oracle Database) or a remote system.

Remote systems must be running the Scheduler agent, and the agent must be registered with the database. File watchers check for the arrival of president 2000 files every 10 minutes. You can adjust this interval. See Changing the File Arrival Detection Interval for details. You must have the CREATE JOB system privilege to create a file watcher in your own schema. You require the CREATE ANY JOB system privilege to create a file watcher in a schema different from your own (except the SYS schema, which is disallowed). On A Study Of Oswaldo? You can grant the EXECUTE object privilege on a file watcher so that jobs in different schemas can reference it. You can also grant the ALTER object privilege on a file watcher so that another user can modify it. President? To use file watchers, the database Java virtual machine (JVM) component must be installed. Enabling File Arrival Events from Remote Systems.

To receive file arrival events from a remote system, you must install the Scheduler agent on that system, and you must register the agent with the database. The remote system does not require a running Oracle Database instance to generate file arrival events. To enable the raising of file arrival events at remote systems: Set up the example, local database to run remote external jobs. Install, configure, register, and start the Scheduler agent on the first remote system. This adds the remote host to the list of external destinations maintained on the local database. Repeat the previous step for each additional remote system. Creating File Watchers and File Watcher Jobs. You perform the following tasks to create a file watcher and 2000, create the event-based job that starts when the designated file arrives. Task 1 - Create a Credential. The file watcher requires a Scheduler credential object (a credential) with which to authenticate with the host operating system for access to the file. Gatsby Eyes? See Credentials for information on privileges required to election, create credentials.

Perform these steps: Create a credential for the operating system user that must have access to the watched-for file. Grant the EXECUTE object privilege on the credential to the schema that owns the Study Paintings, event-based job that the file watcher will start. Task 2 - Create a File Watcher. Perform these steps: Create the file watcher, assigning attributes as described in the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_FILE_WATCHER procedure documentation in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference . Election 2000? You can specify wildcard parameters in the file name. A '?' prefix in the DIRECTORY_PATH attribute denotes the path to the Oracle home directory.

A NULL destination indicates the local host. To watch for the file on a remote host, provide a valid external destination name, which you can obtain from the view ALL_SCHEDULER_EXTERNAL_DESTS . Grant EXECUTE on the file watcher to any schema that owns an event-based job that references the file watcher. Example Of Memoir? Task 3 - Create a Program Object with a Metadata Argument. So that your application can retrieve the 2000, file arrival event message content, which includes file name, file size, and gatsby eyes, so on, create a Scheduler program object with a metadata argument that references the event message. Perform these steps: Create the program. Define the metadata argument using the event_message attribute. Create the stored procedure that the program invokes. The stored procedure that processes the file arrival event must have an argument of election 2000 type SYS.SCHEDULER_FILEWATCHER_RESULT , which is the data type of the event message. The position of what changes of the that argument must match the election, position of the defined metadata argument. The procedure can then access attributes of this abstract data type to learn about the arrived file.

Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and hydrobromic and sodium, Types Reference for a description of the SYS.SCHEDULER_FILEWATCHER_RESULT type. Create the event-based job as described in Creating an Event-Based Job, with the following exception: instead of providing a queue specification in president 2000, the queue_spec attribute, provide the name of the of memoir, file watcher. You would typically leave the event_condition job attribute null, but you can provide a condition if desired. As an alternative to setting the queue_spec attribute for president election 2000 the job, you can create an event schedule, reference the file watcher in the queue_spec attribute of the event schedule, and reference the event schedule in the schedule_name attribute of the job. Perform these steps to prepare the event-based job: If you want the job to run for changes the formation maurya each instance of the file arrival event, even if the job is already processing a previous event, set the parallel_instances attribute to TRUE . With this setting, the job runs as a lightweight job so that multiple instances of the job can be started quickly. To discard file watcher events that occur while the event-based job is already processing another, leave the parallel_instances attribute FALSE (the default). President 2000? For more information about Essay on A of Oswaldo Guayasamin's Paintings, this attribute, see the SET_ATTRIBUTE description in president, Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference . Of A A Plant​? Enable the file watcher, the program, and the job. In this example, an event-based job watches for the arrival of end-of-day sales reports onto the local host from president various locations. As each report file arrives, a stored procedure captures information about the file and stores the information in a table called eod_reports . Hydrobromic? A regularly scheduled report aggregation job can then query this table, process all unprocessed files, and president election, mark any newly processed files as processed. It is assumed that the database user running the of memoir, following code has been granted EXECUTE on the SYS.SCHEDULER_FILEWATCHER_RESULT data type. Election 2000? The DBMS_SCHEDULER PL/SQL package provides procedures for enabling, disabling, dropping, and setting attributes for file watchers.

The section contains: If a file watcher is disabled, use DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE to enable it, as shown in Task 5, - Enable All Objects. You can enable a file watcher only of memoir if all of its attributes are set to legal values and the file watcher owner has EXECUTE privileges on president, the specified credential. Of A A Plant​ Is? Use the DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE and DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL package procedures to modify the election, attributes of a file watcher. See the CREATE_FILE_WATCHER procedure description for information about file watcher attributes. Disabling and Dropping File Watchers. Use DBMS_SCHEDULER.DISABLE to disable a file watcher and example, DBMS_SCHEDULER.DROP_FILE_WATCHER to drop a file watcher. You cannot disable or drop a file watcher if there are jobs that depend on it. To force a disable or drop operation in this case, set the FORCE attribute to TRUE . If you force disabling or dropping a file watcher, jobs that depend on it become disabled. Changing the File Arrival Detection Interval. Election? File watchers check for the arrival of files every ten minutes by default. You can change this interval.

To change the and sodium, file arrival detection interval: Connect to the database as the 2000, SYS user. Change the acid and sodium, REPEAT_INTERVAL attribute of the predefined schedule SYS.FILE_WATCHER_SCHEDULE . Use any valid calendaring syntax. The following example changes the file arrival detection frequency to every two minutes. You can view information about file watchers by querying the views *_SCHEDULER_FILE_WATCHERS . Election? Oracle Database Reference for details on the *_SCHEDULER_FILE_WATCHERS views. Creating and Managing Job C hains.

A job chain (chain) is 46 and a named series of tasks that are linked together for a combined objective. Chains are the means by which you can implement dependency based scheduling, in which jobs are started depending on the outcomes of one or more previous jobs. To create and president 2000, use a chain, you complete these tasks in order: Additional topics discussed in this section include: Chains for an overview of chains. Table 29-6 illustrates common tasks involving chains and an example of a plant a plant​ (pwp), the procedures associated with them. Table 29-6 Chain Tasks and Their Procedures. CREATE JOB , CREATE EVALUATION CONTEXT , CREATE RULE , and CREATE RULE SET if the election 2000, owner. CREATE ANY JOB , CREATE ANY RULE , CREATE ANY RULE SET , and CREATE ANY EVALUATION CONTEXT otherwise.

Ownership of the chain or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB privileges. Tool 2 Lyrics? If not owner, also requires DROP ANY EVALUATION CONTEXT and DROP ANY RULE SET. Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. Alter a running chain. Ownership of the job, or ALTER privileges on the job or CREATE ANY JOB. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB . In addition, the owner of the new job must have EXECUTE privileges on the chain or EXECUTE ANY PROGRAM. Add rules to a chain. Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB privileges. CREATE RULE if the owner of the 2000, chain, CREATE ANY RULE otherwise. Alter rules in a chain. Ownership of the example, chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB privileges.

If not owner of the chain, requires ALTER privileges on the rule or ALTER ANY RULE. Election 2000? Drop rules from a chain. Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB privileges. DROP ANY RULE if not the owner of the gatsby eyes, chain. Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. Disable a chain.

Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on election, the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. Alter steps (including assigning additional attribute values to steps) Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. You create a chain by using the CREATE_CHAIN procedure. You must ensure that you have the required privileges first. See Setting Chain Privileges for details. After creating the chain object with CREATE_CHAIN , you define chain steps and chain rules separately.

The following is an example of creating a chain: The rule_set_name and evaluation_interval arguments are typically left NULL . evaluation_interval can define a repeating interval at what accompanied of the maurya civilization, which chain rules get evaluated. rule_set_name refers to president election, a rule set as defined within Oracle Streams. Adding Rules to a Chain for more information about the evaluation_interval attribute. After creating a chain object, you define one or more chain steps. Each step can point to changes accompanied the formation of the maurya, one of the election, following: A Scheduler program object (program) Another chain (a nested chain) An event schedule, inline event, or file watcher. You define a step that points to a program or nested chain by using the DEFINE_CHAIN_STEP procedure. An example is the following, which adds two steps to my_chain1 : The named program or chain does not have to exist when defining the step.

However it must exist and be enabled when the chain runs, otherwise an error is gatsby eyes generated. You define a step that waits for an event to occur by using the DEFINE_CHAIN_EVENT_STEP procedure. Procedure arguments can point to an event schedule, can include an president election 2000, inline queue specification and event condition, or can include a file watcher name. This example creates a third chain step that waits for the event specified in the named event schedule: An event step does not wait for Essay on A Study of Oswaldo its event until the president 2000, step is started. Steps That Run Local External Executables. After defining a step that runs a local external executable, you must use the ALTER_CHAIN procedure to assign a credential to the step, as shown in gatsby eyes, the following example: Steps That Run on Remote Destinations. After defining a step that is to run an external executable on a remote host or a database program unit on a remote database, you must use the president 2000, ALTER_CHAIN procedure to assign both a credential and a destination to the step, as shown in the following example: Making Steps Restartable. After a database recovery, by default steps that were running are marked as STOPPED and the chain continues. On A Guayasamin's Paintings? You can specify the chain steps to restart automatically after a database recovery by using ALTER_CHAIN to set the election 2000, restart_on_recovery attribute to TRUE for those steps. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the DEFINE_CHAIN_STEP , DEFINE_CHAIN_EVENT_STEP , and what the formation, ALTER_CHAIN procedures. You add a rule to a chain with the DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE procedure.

You call this procedure once for each rule that you want to add to the chain. Chain rules define when steps run, and define dependencies between steps. Each rule has a condition and president, an action. Whenever rules are evaluated, if a rule's condition evaluates to TRUE , its action is performed. The condition can contain Scheduler chain condition syntax or any syntax that is valid in what the formation of the maurya civilization, a SQL WHERE clause. The syntax can include references to attributes of president election 2000 any chain step, including step completion status. 46 And? A typical action is to president election, run a specified step or to run a list of steps. All chain rules work together to define the overall action of the chain. When the chain job starts and at the end of each step, all rules are evaluated to what changes accompanied, see what action or actions occur next. If more than one rule has a TRUE condition, multiple actions can occur. You can cause rules to also be evaluated at president, regular intervals by setting the evaluation_interval attribute of a chain.

Conditions are usually based on the outcome of one or more previous steps. For example, you might want one step to run if the two previous steps succeeded, and another to run if either of the two previous steps failed. Gatsby Eyes? Scheduler chain condition syntax takes one of the following two forms: You can combine conditions with boolean operators AND , OR , and NOT() to create conditional expressions. You can employ parentheses in your expressions to president election 2000, determine order of evaluation. ERROR_CODE can be set with the RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR PL/SQL statement within the acid and sodium hydroxide, program assigned to the step. Although the error codes that your program sets in this way are negative numbers, when testing ERROR_CODE in a chain rule, you test for positive numbers. For example, if your program contains the following statement: your chain rule condition must be the following: The following is a list of step attributes that you can include in conditions when using SQL WHERE clause syntax: The completed attribute is boolean and is TRUE when the president election, state attribute is the formation of the maurya either SUCCEEDED , FAILED , or STOPPED . Table 29-7 shows the 2000, possible values for the state attribute.

These values are visible in the STATE column of the *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS views. Table 29-7 Values for the State Attribute of a Chain Step. The step's chain is Essay on A Study of Oswaldo Guayasamin's Paintings running, but the step has not yet started. Election 2000? A rule started the step with an AFTER clause and the designated wait time has not yet expired. The step is running. For an event step, the step was started and is waiting for an event. The step's PAUSE attribute is set to TRUE and the step is paused. It must be unpaused before steps that depend on it can start. The step completed successfully. The step's ERROR_CODE is is 0. The step completed with a failure.

ERROR_CODE is nonzero. The step was stopped with the STOP_JOB procedure. The step is president a nested chain that has stalled. See the DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for 2 lyrics rules and examples for SQL WHERE clause syntax. Condition Examples Using Scheduler Chain Condition Syntax. These examples use Scheduler chain condition syntax. Steps started by 2000 rules containing the following condition are started when the plant within a plant​, step named form_validation_step is completed ( SUCCEEDED , FAILED , or STOPPED ). The following condition is similar, but indicates that the step must have succeeded for the condition to be met. The next condition tests for an error.

It is president election TRUE if the step form_validation_step failed with any error code other than 20001. Condition Examples Using SQL WHERE Syntax. Starting the Chain. At least one rule must have a condition that always evaluates to example of memoir, TRUE so that the chain can start when the chain job starts. The easiest way to accomplish this is to just set the condition to ' TRUE ' if you are using Schedule chain condition syntax, or ' 1=1 ' if you are using SQL syntax. President 2000? Ending the Chain.

At least one chain rule must contain an action of ' END '. A chain job does not complete until one of the of memoir, rules containing the END action evaluates to TRUE . Several different rules with different END actions are common, some with error codes, and election 2000, some without. If a chain has no more running steps or it is not waiting for tool 46 and 2 lyrics an event to president 2000, occur, and no rules containing the END action evaluate to TRUE (or there are no rules with the END action), the chain job enters the CHAIN_STALLED state. See Handling Stalled Chains for more information. Example of Defining Rules. The following example defines a rule that starts the chain at step step1 and a rule that starts step step2 when step1 completes. Example? rule_name and comments are optional and default to NULL . If you do use rule_name , you can later redefine that rule with another call to DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE . The new definition overwrites the previous one. Election? Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for information on the DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE procedure and Scheduler chain condition syntax. What Changes Of The? Setting an Evaluation Interval for Chain Rules. President 2000? The Scheduler evaluates all chain rules at the start of the chain job and at the end of Essay of Oswaldo Guayasamin's Paintings each chain step. You can configure a chain to also have its rules evaluated at a repeating time interval, such as once per hour.

This capability is useful to start chain steps based on time of president election day or based on occurrences external to changes of the, the chain. Here are some examples: A chain step is president 2000 resource-intensive and must therefore run at off-peak hours. You could condition the step on both the completion of gatsby eyes another step and on president election, the time of day being after 6:00 p.m and before midnight. What Accompanied The Formation Of The Maurya? The Scheduler would then have to president election 2000, evaluate rules every so often to and sodium hydroxide, determine when this condition becomes TRUE . Election 2000? A step must wait for data to arrive in a table from some other process that is external to the chain. You could condition this step on both the completion of another step and on a particular table containing rows. The Scheduler would then have to evaluate rules every so often to determine when this condition becomes TRUE . The condition would use SQL WHERE clause syntax, and accompanied the formation of the civilization, would be similar to the following: To set an evaluation interval for a chain, you set the evaluation_interval attribute when you create the chain. The data type for this attribute is INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND . You enable a chain with the ENABLE procedure. A chain must be enabled before it can be run by a job. President 2000? Enabling an already enabled chain does not return an error. The following example enables chain my_chain1 : Chains are automatically disabled by the Scheduler when: The program that one of the chain steps points to is dropped.

The nested chain that one of the chain steps points to is dropped. The event schedule that one of the chain event steps points to is dropped. To run a chain, you must either use the RUN_CHAIN procedure or create and schedule a job of type ' CHAIN ' (a chain job ). Acid? The job action must refer to the chain name, as shown in the following example: For every step of president election a chain job that is accompanied the formation maurya running, the Scheduler creates a step job with the 2000, same job name and owner as the chain job. Tool? Each step job additionally has a job subname to uniquely identify it. The job subname is included as a column in the views *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_JOBS , *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG , and *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS . The job subname is normally the president election 2000, same as the step name except in the following cases: For nested chains, the current step name may have already been used as a job subname. In this case, the Scheduler appends ' _N ' to the step name, where N is an integer that results in a unique job subname.

If there is a failure when creating a step job, the Scheduler logs a FAILED entry in the job log views ( *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG and example, *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS ) with the job subname set to ' step_name_ 0 '. President? Running Chains for another way to gatsby eyes, run a chain without creating a chain job. You drop a chain, including its steps and president, rules, by using the gatsby eyes, DROP_CHAIN procedure. An example of dropping a chain is the 2000, following, which drops my_chain1 : See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the DROP_CHAIN procedure. You can use the following two procedures to run a chain immediately: If you already created a chain job for of a plant a plant​ is a chain, you can use the RUN_JOB procedure to run that job (and thus run the chain), but you must set the election, use_current_session argument of RUN_JOB to hydroxide, FALSE . President 2000? You can use the RUN_CHAIN procedure to run a chain without having to hydroxide, first create a chain job for the chain. You can also use RUN_CHAIN to president, run only part of a chain. RUN_CHAIN creates a temporary job to run the specified chain. If you supply a job name, the job is created with that name, otherwise a default job name is assigned.

If you supply a list of start steps , only those steps are started when the chain begins running. (Steps that would normally have started do not run if they are not in what changes the formation maurya, the list.) If no list of start steps is given, the 2000, chain starts normallythat is, an initial evaluation is done to see which steps to start running. An example is the following, which immediately runs the chain my_chain1 : You drop a rule from a chain by using the example, DROP_CHAIN_RULE procedure. An example is the following, which drops my_rule1 : See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the DROP_CHAIN_RULE procedure. Election? You disable a chain by using the DISABLE procedure. An example is the following, which disables my_chain1 : Chains are automatically disabled by the Scheduler when: The program that one of the chain steps points to is dropped. The nested chain that one of the chain steps points to is dropped. Example? The event schedule that one of the chain event steps points to is dropped. You drop a step from a chain by using the DROP_CHAIN_STEP procedure. An example is the following, which drops my_step2 from my_chain2 : See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for president election more information regarding the DROP_CHAIN_STEP procedure.

To stop a running chain, you call DBMS_SCHEDULER.STOP_JOB , passing the name of the chain job (the job that started the chain). When you stop a chain job, all steps of the chain that are running are stopped and example, the chain ends. There are two ways to stop individual chain steps: By creating a chain rule that stops one or more steps when the rule condition is met. By calling the STOP_JOB procedure. For each step to stop, you must specify the schema name, chain job name, and step job subname. In this example, chainrunjob is the chain job name and stepa is the step job subname.

The step job subname is typically the election, same as the step name, but not always. You can obtain the step job subname from the STEP_JOB_SUBNAME column of the *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS views. When you stop a chain step, its state is set to STOPPED and the chain rules are evaluated to determine the hydrobromic acid and sodium, steps to president election 2000, run next. You can pause an entire chain or individual branches of a chain. You do so by setting the gatsby eyes, PAUSE attribute of one or more steps to TRUE with DBMS_SCHEDULER.ALTER_CHAIN or ALTER_RUNNING_CHAIN . Pausing chain steps enables you to suspend the running of the president election, chain after those steps run. When you pause a step, after the step runs, its state attribute changes to PAUSED , and its completed attribute remains FALSE . Steps that depend on of memoir, the completion of the paused step are therefore not run. If you reset the election 2000, PAUSE attribute to FALSE for a paused step, its state attribute is set to its completion state ( SUCCEEDED , FAILED , or STOPPED ), and steps that are awaiting the completion of the paused step can then run. Figure 29-1 Chain with Step 3 Paused. In Figure 29-1, Step 3 is paused. Until Step 3 is unpaused, Step 5 will not run.

If you were to pause only Step 2, then Steps 4, 6, and 7 would not run. However Steps 1, 3, and 5 could run. In either case, you are suspending only one branch of the chain. To pause an entire chain, you pause all steps of the chain. To unpause a chain, you unpause one, many, or all of the chain steps. With the chain in Figure 29-1, pausing Step 1 would also achieve the what of the civilization, pausing of the entire chain after Step 1 runs. The DBMS_SCHEDULER.ALTER_CHAIN and DBMS_SCHEDULER.ALTER_RUNNING_CHAIN procedures in president, Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference.

You can skip one or more steps in a chain. You do so by setting the SKIP attribute of gatsby eyes one or more steps to TRUE with DBMS_SCHEDULER.ALTER_CHAIN or ALTER_RUNNING_CHAIN . If a step's SKIP attribute is TRUE , then when a chain condition to run that step is met, instead of being run, the election, step is treated as if it has immediately succeeded. Setting SKIP to tool 46 and 2 lyrics, TRUE has no effect on a step that is running, that is scheduled to run after a delay, or that has already run. Skipping steps is especially useful when testing chains. President Election 2000? For example, when testing the chain shown in on A, Figure 29-1, skipping Step 7 could shorten testing time considerably, because this step is a nested chain. There are two ways to run only a part of a chain: Use the ALTER_CHAIN procedure to set the PAUSE attribute to TRUE for one or more steps, and president election, then either start the chain job with RUN_JOB or start the chain with RUN_CHAIN . Any steps that depend on the paused steps do not run. (However, the paused steps do run.) The disadvantage of changes accompanied of the maurya this method is that you must set the president 2000, PAUSE attribute back to FALSE for the affected steps for future runs of the chain. Use the RUN_CHAIN procedure to 46 and, start only certain steps of the chain, skipping those steps that you do not want to president 2000, run. This is a more straightforward approach and on A Guayasamin's Paintings, also enables you to set the initial state of steps before starting them. You may have to use both of these methods to skip steps both at president election 2000, the beginning and end of a chain. See the discussion of the RUN_CHAIN procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information.

You can view the status of running chains with the following two views: The *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_JOBS views contain one row for the chain job and one row for each running step. The *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS views contain one row for each chain step (including any nested chains) and of a plant a plant​ is, include run status for each step ( NOT_STARTED , RUNNING , STOPPED , SUCCEEDED , and so on). At the completion of a step, the chain rules are always evaluated to determine the next steps to run. If none of the rules cause another step to start, none cause the chain to end, and the evaluation_interval for the chain is NULL , the chain enters the stalled state. When a chain is stalled, no steps are running, no steps are scheduled to run (after waiting a designated time interval), and no event steps are waiting for an event. Election? The chain can make no further progress unless you manually intervene.

In this case, the state of the example of memoir, job that is running the chain is set to president election, CHAIN_STALLED . (However, the job is still listed in gatsby eyes, the *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_JOBS views.) You can troubleshoot a stalled chain with the views ALL_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS , which shows the state of all steps in the chain (including any nested chains), and ALL_SCHEDULER_CHAIN_RULES , which contains all the chain rules. 2000? You can enable the chain to continue by altering the state of one of its steps with the ALTER_RUNNING_CHAIN procedure. For example, if step 11 is waiting for step 9 to succeed before it can start, and if it makes sense to tool 46 and, do so, you can set the state of step 9 to ' SUCCEEDED '. Alternatively, if one or more rules are incorrect, you can use the election 2000, DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE procedure to replace them (using the same rule names), or to create new rules. The new and updated rules apply to the running chain and Essay Study of Oswaldo Guayasamin's, all future chain runs. After adding or updating rules, you must run EVALUATE_RUNNING_CHAIN on the stalled chain job to trigger any required actions. You prioritize Oracle Scheduler jobs using three Scheduler objects: job classes, windows, and window groups. These objects prioritize jobs by president election 2000 associating jobs with database resource manager consumer groups.

This in turn controls the amount of resources allocated to gatsby eyes, these jobs. In addition, job classes enable you to set relative priorities among a group of jobs if all jobs in the group are allocated identical resource levels. President Election? This section contains: Managing Job Priorities with Job C lasses. Gatsby Eyes? Job classes provide a way to president, group jobs for prioritization. They also provide a way to of a plant (pwp), easily assign a set of attribute values to member jobs. Job classes influence the priorities of their member jobs through job class attributes that relate to the database resource manager.

See Allocating Resources Among Jobs Using Resource Manager for details. There is a default job class that is created with the 2000, database. If you create a job without specifying a job class, the tool 46 and 2 lyrics, job will be assigned to this default job class ( DEFAULT_JOB_CLASS) . The default job class has the president, EXECUTE privilege granted to PUBLIC so any database user who has the 46 and 2 lyrics, privilege to create a job can create a job in the default job class. This section introduces you to basic job class tasks, and discusses the following topics: Job Classes for an overview of job classes. President Election? Job Class Tasks and Their Procedures. Changes Accompanied The Formation Maurya? Table 29-8 illustrates common job class tasks and their appropriate procedures and privileges: Table 29-8 Job Class Tasks and Their Procedures. Create a job class. Alter a job class. Drop a job class. Election 2000? See Scheduler Privileges for tool 2 lyrics further information regarding privileges. You create a job class using the CREATE_JOB_CLASS procedure or Enterprise Manager.

Job classes are always created in the SYS schema. The following statement creates a job class for all finance jobs: All jobs in this job class are assigned to the finance_group resource consumer group. To query job classes, use the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_CLASSES views. You alter a job class by using the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure or Enterprise Manager. Other than the job class name, all the president election 2000, attributes of a job class can be altered. The attributes of a job class are available in the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_CLASSES views. When a job class is of the civilization altered, running jobs that belong to the class are not affected. The change only takes effect for jobs that have not started running yet. You drop one or more job classes using the DROP_JOB_CLASS procedure or Enterprise Manager. Dropping a job class means that all the metadata about the job class is removed from the database.

You can drop several job classes in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of job class names to president 2000, the DROP_JOB_CLASS procedure call. For example, the following statement drops three job classes: Setting Relative Job Priorities Within a Job Class. You can change the relative priorities of jobs within the same job class by using the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure. Job priorities must be in the range of 1-5, where 1 is the highest priority. For example, the gatsby eyes, following statement changes the president election 2000, job priority for my_job1 to a setting of 1: You can verify that the attribute was changed by issuing the following statement: Overall priority of a job within the system is of a plant a plant​ is determined first by president 2000 the combination of the 2 lyrics, resource consumer group that the job's job class is assigned to and the current resource plan, and then by relative priority within the job class. Managing Job Scheduling and Job Priorities with Win dows. Windows provide a way to automatically activate different resource plans at different times. 2000? Running jobs can then see a change in the resources that are allocated to them when there is a change in resource plan. A job can name a window in its schedule_name attribute.

The Scheduler then starts the job with the what accompanied of the civilization, window opens. A window has a schedule associated with it, so a window can open at various times during your workload cycle. The key attributes of a window are its: This controls when the window is in president, effect. This controls how long the window is open. This names the resource plan that activates when the window opens. Only one window can be in effect at hydroxide, any given time. Windows belong to the SYS schema. President 2000? All window activity is logged in the *_SCHEDULER_WINDOW_LOG views, otherwise known as the win dow logs . See Window Log for gatsby eyes examples of window logging. This section introduces you to basic window tasks, and discusses the following topics: Windows for an overview of windows.

Window Tasks and Their Procedures. Table 29-9 illustrates common window tasks and 2000, the procedures you use to handle them. Table 29-9 Window Tasks and Their Procedures. Create a window. Disable a window. Enable a window. See Scheduler Privileges for further information regarding privileges. You can use Enterprise Manager or the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_WINDOW package procedure to create windows. When using the 46 and 2 lyrics, package procedure, you can leave the president, resource_plan parameter NULL . Acid Hydroxide? In this case, when the window opens, the current plan remains in effect. You must have the MANAGE SCHEDULER privilege to create windows. When you specify a schedule for a window, the Scheduler does not check if there is 2000 already a window defined for that schedule.

Therefore, this may result in of a plant within (pwp) is, windows that overlap. Also, using a named schedule that has a PL/SQL expression as its repeat interval is not supported for windows. See the CREATE_WINDOW procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for details on window attributes. The following example creates a window named daytime that enables the mixed_workload_plan resource plan during office hours: To verify that the window was created properly, query the view DBA_SCHEDULER_WINDOWS . As an president election 2000, example, issue the following statement: You alter a window by modifying its attributes. You do so with the SET_ATTRIBUTE and SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL procedures or Enterprise Manager. With the exception of WINDOW_NAME , all the attributes of a window can be changed when it is altered. See the CREATE_WINDOW procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for window attribute details. When a window is altered, it does not affect an of Oswaldo, active window. The changes only 2000 take effect the next time the window opens.

All windows can be altered. If you alter a window that is disabled, it will remain disabled after it is altered. An enabled window will be automatically disabled, altered, and then reenabled, if the validity checks performed during the enable process are successful. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the SET_ATTRIBUTE and SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL procedures. When a window opens, the Scheduler switches to the resource plan that has been associated with it during its creation. If there are jobs running when the window opens, the gatsby eyes, resources allocated to them might change due to the switch in resource plan. There are two ways a window can open: According to the window's schedule. Manually, using the OPEN_WINDOW procedure. President Election 2000? This procedure opens the hydroxide, window independent of election 2000 its schedule. This window will open and the resource plan associated with it will take effect immediately.

Only an an example of a plant within a plant​, enabled window can be manually opened. In the OPEN_WINDOW procedure, you can specify the time interval that the president election, window should be open for, using the duration attribute. The duration is of type interval day to second. Accompanied The Formation Of The Civilization? If the duration is not specified, then the window will be opened for the regular duration as stored with the window. Opening a window manually has no impact on regular scheduled runs of the 2000, window. When a window that was manually opened closes, the rules about an example within a plant​ (pwp), overlapping windows are applied to determine which other window should be opened at that time if any at all. You can force a window to open even if there is one already open by setting the force option to 2000, TRUE in the OPEN_WINDOW call or Enterprise Manager. When the force option is set to TRUE , the Scheduler automatically closes any window that is acid and sodium hydroxide open at president 2000, that time, even if it has a higher priority. For the duration of this manually opened window, the Scheduler does not open any other scheduled windows even if they have a higher priority. You can open a window that is tool 2 lyrics already open. In this case, the window stays open for the duration specified in the call, from the time the OPEN_WINDOW command was issued.

Consider an example to president election, illustrate this. window1 was created with a duration of four hours. It has how been open for two hours. If at this point you reopen window1 using the of memoir, OPEN_WINDOW call and do not specify a duration, then window1 will be open for another four hours because it was created with that duration. 2000? If you specified a duration of 30 minutes, the window will close in 30 minutes. Changes The Formation Of The? When a window opens, an entry is made in president, the window log. A window can fail to switch resource plans if the current resource plan has been manually switched using the ALTER SYSTEM statement with the FORCE option, or using the DBMS_RESOURCE_MANAGER.SWITCH_PLAN package procedure with the allow_scheduler_plan_switches argument set to FALSE . In this case, the failure to switch resource plans is written to the window log. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the hydroxide, OPEN_WINDOW procedure and the DBMS_RESOURCE_MANAGER.SWITCH_PLAN procedure. There are two ways a window can close: Based on a schedule.

A window will close based on president election, the schedule defined at accompanied the formation of the maurya, creation time. 2000? Manually, using the CLOSE_WINDOW procedure. An Example Of A Plant Within? The CLOSE_WINDOW procedure will close an open window prematurely. A closed window means that it is no longer in effect. When a window is closed, the election, Scheduler will switch the resource plan to the one that was in effect outside the window or in the case of overlapping windows to another window. If you try to close a window that does not exist or is not open, an error is generated. A job that is running will not close when the window it is running in closes unless the on A Guayasamin's, attribute stop_on_window_close was set to TRUE when the job was created. However, the 2000, resources allocated to the job may change because the resource plan may change. Hydrobromic And Sodium? When a running job has a window group as its schedule, the job will not be stopped when its window is closed if another window that is also a member of the president, same window group then becomes active. Gatsby Eyes? This is the case even if the job was created with the president 2000, attribute stop_on_window_close set to TRUE . Acid Hydroxide? When a window is closed, an 2000, entry will be added to Essay on A Guayasamin's Paintings, the window log DBA_SCHEDULER_WINDOW_LOG . See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for president 2000 detailed information about the CLOSE_WINDOW procedure. Gatsby Eyes? You drop one or more windows using the DROP_WINDOW procedure or Enterprise Manager.

When a window is 2000 dropped, all metadata about the window is removed from the gatsby eyes, *_SCHEDULER_WINDOWS views. All references to election 2000, the window are removed from window groups. You can drop several windows in example of memoir, one call by providing a comma-delimited list of window names or window group names to the DROP_WINDOW procedure. For example, the following statement drops both windows and 2000, window groups: Note that if a window group name is provided, then the windows in what the formation civilization, the window group are dropped, but the window group is not dropped. To drop the window group, you must use the DROP_WINDOW_GROUP procedure. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the DROP_WINDOW procedure. You disable one or more windows using the election, DISABLE procedure or with Enterprise Manager. Therefore, the window will not open. However, the metadata of the window is still there, so it can be reenabled.

Because the DISABLE procedure is used for several Scheduler objects, when disabling windows, they must be preceded by SYS . A window can also become disabled for other reasons. For example, a window will become disabled when it is at the end of its schedule. Also, if a window points to a schedule that no longer exists, it becomes disabled. What Of The? If there are jobs that have the window as their schedule, you will not be able to disable the window unless you set force to TRUE in the procedure call. By default, force is president election 2000 set to what accompanied the formation civilization, FALSE . When the window is disabled, those jobs that have the window as their schedule will not be disabled. You can disable several windows in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of window names or window group names to the DISABLE procedure call.

For example, the following statement disables both windows and window groups: You enable one or more windows using the ENABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. An enabled window is one that can be opened. Windows are, by default, created enabled . Election 2000? When a window is what accompanied the formation of the enabled using the ENABLE procedure, a validity check is performed and only if this is successful will the window be enabled. When a window is enabled, it is logged in the window log table. Because the ENABLE procedure is used for several Scheduler objects, when enabling windows, they must be preceded by SYS . 2000? You can enable several windows in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of window names. For example, the acid and sodium, following statement enables three windows: Managing Job Scheduling and president 2000, Job Priorities with Window Groups. Window groups provide an gatsby eyes, easy way to schedule jobs that must run during multiple time periods throughout the day, week, and so on. If you create a window group, add windows to it, and then name this window group in a job's schedule_name attribute, the job runs during all the windows in the window group.

Window groups reside in the SYS schema. 2000? This section introduces you to basic window group tasks, and Essay on A Study Paintings, discusses the following topics: Window Groups for election an overview of window groups. Window Group Tasks and Their Procedures. Table 29-10 illustrates common window group tasks and the procedures you use to handle them. Essay On A Study Guayasamin's? Table 29-10 Window Group Tasks and Their Procedures. Create a window group. Drop a window group. Add a member to election 2000, a window group. Drop a member from a window group. Enable a window group.

Disable a window group. See Scheduler Privileges for further information regarding privileges. You create a window group by of a within is using the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_GROUP procedure, specifying a group type of ' WINDOW '. You can specify the election 2000, member windows of the group when you create the group, or you can add them later using the ADD_GROUP_MEMBER procedure. A window group cannot be a member of another window group. You can, however, create a window group that has no members.

If you create a window group and you specify a member window that does not exist, an error is generated and the window group is not created. If a window is already a member of 2 lyrics a window group, it is not added again. Window groups are created in the SYS schema. Window groups, like windows, are created with access to election, PUBLIC , therefore, no privileges are required to access window groups. The following statement creates a window group called downtime and adds two windows ( weeknights and weekends ) to it: To verify the example, window group contents, issue the president, following queries as a user with the MANAGE SCHEDULER privilege: You drop one or more window groups by using the DROP_GROUP procedure. This call will drop the window group but not the windows that are members of example this window group.

To drop all the windows that are members of this group but not the president election, window group itself, you can use the DROP_WINDOW procedure and what of the, provide the name of the window group to the call. You can drop several window groups in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of window group names to the DROP_GROUP procedure call. You must precede each window group name with the SYS schema. For example, the following statement drops three window groups: Adding a Member to a Window Group. You add windows to a window group by using the president, ADD_GROUP_MEMBER procedure. You can add several members to a window group in one call, by specifying a comma-delimited list of windows. For example, the of memoir, following statement adds two windows to the window group window_group1 : If an already open window is added to president election 2000, a window group, the Scheduler will not start jobs that point to this window group until the next window in tool 2 lyrics, the window group opens. Removing a Mem ber from a Window Group. You can remove one or more windows from president 2000 a window group by using the REMOVE_GROUP_MEMBER procedure. Jobs with the stop_on_window_close flag set will only tool be stopped when a window closes. President Election? Dropping an open window from a window group has no impact on of memoir, this.

You can remove several members from a window group in one call by specifying a comma-delimited list of windows. For example, the following statement drops two windows: You enable one or more window groups using the president election, ENABLE procedure. By default, window groups are created ENABLED . For example: You disable a window group using the DISABLE procedure. A job with a disabled window group as its schedule does not run when the an example of a plant within, member windows open. Disabling a window group does not disable its member windows. You can also disable several window groups in president election, one call by providing a comma-delimited list of window group names. For example, the following statement disables three window groups: Allocating Resources Among Jobs Using Resource Manager.

The Database Resource Manager (Resource Manager) controls how resources are allocated among database sessions. It not only controls asynchronous sessions like Scheduler jobs, but also synchronous sessions like user sessions. It groups all units of work in gatsby eyes, the database into resource consumer groups and uses a resource plan to president election 2000, specify how the resources are allocated among the various consumer groups. And Sodium Hydroxide? The primary system resource that the Resource Manager allocates is CPU. For Scheduler jobs, resources are allocated by first assigning each job to a job class, and 2000, then associating a job class with a consumer group. Of Memoir? Resources are then distributed among the Scheduler jobs and election, other sessions within the consumer group. You can also assign relative priorities to the jobs in a job class, and resources are distributed to those jobs accordingly.

You can manually change the hydrobromic acid and sodium, current resource plan at any time. Another way to change the current resource plan is by creating Scheduler windows. Windows have a resource plan attribute. When a window opens, the current plan is switched to president election 2000, the window's resource plan. The Scheduler tries to limit the number of jobs that are running simultaneously so that at least some jobs can complete, rather than running a lot of jobs concurrently but without enough resources for and sodium hydroxide any of them to president 2000, complete. Example Of Memoir? The Scheduler and president election, the Resource Manager are tightly integrated. The job coordinator obtains database resource availability from the Resource Manager. Based on that information, the coordinator determines how many jobs to start. Changes? It will only 2000 start jobs from those job classes that will have enough resources to run. The coordinator will keep starting jobs in a particular job class that maps to a consumer group until the Resource Manager determines that the maximum resource allocated for that consumer group has been reached. Therefore, there might be jobs in the job table that are ready to run but will not be picked up by the job coordinator because there are no resources to run them.

Therefore, there is no guarantee that a job will run at the exact time that it was scheduled. The coordinator picks up jobs from the job table on the basis of what changes accompanied the formation which consumer groups still have resources available. President Election 2000? The Resource Manager continues to manage the resources that are assigned to each running job based on the specified resource plan. Keep in mind that the Resource Manager can only manage database processes. Example Of Memoir? The active management of resources does not apply to external jobs. 2000? The Resource Manager is active only when CPU utilization approaches 100%.

Example of acid and sodium hydroxide Resource Allocation for election Jobs. The following example illustrates how resources are allocated for changes accompanied civilization jobs. Assume that the active resource plan is election 2000 called Night Plan and that there are three job classes: JC1 , which maps to consumer group DW ; JC2 , which maps to consumer group OLTP ; and JC3 , which maps to the default consumer group. Figure 29-2 offers a simple graphical illustration of this scenario. Figure 29-2 Sample Resource Plan.

This resource plan clearly gives priority to jobs that are part of job class JC1 . Consumer group DW gets 60% of the resources, thus jobs that belong to job class JC1 will get 60% of the resources. Consumer group OLTP has 30% of the resources, which implies that jobs in gatsby eyes, job class JC2 will get 30% of the resources. The consumer group Other specifies that all other consumer groups will be getting 10% of the resources. Therefore, all jobs that belong in job class JC3 will share 10% of the resources and can get a maximum of president 2000 10% of the resources. Note that resources that remain unused by one consumer group are available from of memoir use by the other consumer groups. So if the jobs in 2000, job class JC1 do not fully use the accompanied of the civilization, allocated 60%, the unused portion is available for use by jobs in classes JC2 and JC3. Note also that the Resource Manager does not begin to restrict resource usage at all until CPU usage reaches 100%.

See Chapter 27, Managing Resources with Oracle Database Resource Manager for president 2000 more information. There are several ways to monitor Scheduler jobs: Viewing the job log. The job log includes the example, data dictionary views *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG and *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS , where: Querying additional data dictionary views. Query views such as DBA_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_JOBS and DBA_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS to president, show the example, status and details of running jobs and chains. Writing applications that receive job state events from the Scheduler. Configuring jobs to send e-mail notifications upon a state change. You can view information about job runs, job state changes, and job failures in the job log. The job log shows results for both local and remote jobs. The job log is implemented as the following two data dictionary views: Depending on president, the logging level that is in effect, the accompanied the formation of the maurya, Scheduler can make job log entries whenever a job is run and when a job is created, dropped, enabled, and so on. For a job that has a repeating schedule, the president, Scheduler makes multiple entries in the job logone for each job instance.

Each log entry provides information about a particular run, such as the job completion status. The following example shows job log entries for a repeating job that has a value of 4 for plant within a plant​ (pwp) the max_runs attribute: You can control how frequently information is written to president, the job log by setting the logging_level attribute of either a job or a job class. Table 29-11 shows the possible values for logging_level . On A Study Of Oswaldo? Table 29-11 Job Logging Levels. No logging is performed. A log entry is president election made only if the job fails. A log entry is made each time the job is run.

A log entry is made every time the job runs and for every operation performed on a job, including create, enable/disable, update (with SET_ATTRIBUTE ), stop, and drop. Log entries for job runs are not made until after the job run completes successfully, fails, or is stopped. The following example shows job log entries for a complete job lifecycle. In this case, the logging level for the job class is LOGGING_FULL , and example of memoir, the job is a non-repeating job. President 2000? After the first successful run, the job is enabled again, so it runs once more. It is what changes maurya civilization then stopped and dropped. For every row in *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG for which the operation is RUN , RETRY_RUN , or RECOVERY_RUN , there is a corresponding row in the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS view. Rows from the two different views are correlated with their LOG_ID columns. You can consult the run details views to determine why a job failed or was stopped.

The run details views also contain actual job start times and durations. Election? Precedence of Logging Levels in Jobs and Job Classes. Both jobs and job classes have a logging_level attribute, with possible values listed in on A Study of Oswaldo, Table 29-11. The default logging level for job classes is LOGGING_RUNS , and the default level for individual jobs is LOGGING_OFF . If the logging level of the job class is higher than that of a job in the class, then the logging level of the job class takes precedence. Thus, by default, all job runs are recorded in election, the job log. For job classes that have very short and highly frequent jobs, the 46 and 2 lyrics, overhead of recording every single run might be too much and election, you might choose to tool, turn the logging off or set logging to occur only president election when jobs fail. However, you might prefer to have a complete audit trail of everything that happens with jobs in a specific class, in which case you would enable full logging for that class. To ensure that there is an audit trail for of memoir all jobs, the individual job creator must not be able to turn logging off. The Scheduler supports this by president election making the class-specified level the minimum level at which job information is logged. A job creator can only hydrobromic hydroxide enable more logging for an individual job, not less. Thus, leaving all individual job logging levels set to LOGGING_OFF ensures that all jobs in a class get logged as specified in the class.

This functionality is provided for president election 2000 debugging purposes. Tool 46 And 2 Lyrics? For example, if the class-specific level is set to record job runs and logging is turned off at the job level, the 2000, Scheduler still logs job runs. If, however, the job creator turns on full logging and the class-specific level is set to record runs only, the higher logging level of the job takes precedence and all operations on this individual job are logged. This way, an of a plant within (pwp) is, end user can test his job by turning on president, full logging. What The Formation Of The Maurya? To set the logging level of an individual job, you must use the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure on that job. For example, to turn on full logging for a job called mytestjob , issue the following statement: Only a user with the MANAGE SCHEDULER privilege can set the logging level of election a job class. Monitoring and Managing Window and Job Logs for more information about setting the job class logging level. Monitoring Multiple Destination Jobs. For multiple-destination jobs, the Essay on A Guayasamin's, overall parent job state depends on the outcome of the child jobs.

For example, if all child jobs succeed, the parent job state is set to SUCCEEDED . If all fail, the parent job state is set to FAILED . If some fail and president election 2000, some succeed, the parent job state is hydroxide set to president 2000, SOME FAILED . Due to situations that might arise on some destinations that delay the start of on A Guayasamin's child jobs, there might be a significant delay before the election 2000, parent job state is finalized. For repeating multiple-destination jobs, there might even be a situation in which some child jobs are on their next scheduled run while others are still working on the previous scheduled run. In this case, the parent job state is set to INCOMPLETE . Example? Eventually, however, lagging child jobs may catch up to their siblings, in which case the president election, final state of the parent job can be determined. Table Table 29-12 lists the hydrobromic hydroxide, contents of the job monitoring views for multiple-destination jobs. Table 29-12 Scheduler Data Dictionary View Contents for Multiple-Destination Jobs. President? One entry for an example within a plant​ (pwp) the parent job. One entry for the parent job when it starts and an entry for each running child job. One entry for the parent job when it starts (operation = ' MULTIDEST_START '), one entry for each child job when the child job completes, and one entry for 2000 the parent job when the last child job completes and thus the parent completes (operation = ' MULTIDEST_RUN ') One entry for each child job when the child job completes, and one entry for the parent job when the last child job completes and thus the acid, parent completes. One entry for each destination of the parent job. President? In the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_DESTS views, you can determine the unique job destination ID ( job_dest_id ) that is assigned to each child job.

This ID represents the unique combination of a job, a credential, and a destination. You can use this ID with the STOP_JOB procedure. You can also monitor the job state of each child job with the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_DESTS views. Monitoring Job State with Events Raised by the Scheduler. This section contains: You can configure a job so that the Scheduler raises an event when the job changes state. The Scheduler can raise an event when a job starts, when a job completes, when a job exceeds its allotted run time, and so on. The consumer of the event is your application, which takes some action in response to the event.

For example, if due to what changes maurya, a high system load, a job is still not started 30 minutes after its scheduled start time, the Scheduler can raise an 2000, event that causes a handler application to stop lower priority jobs to gatsby eyes, free up system resources. The Scheduler can raise job state events for local (regular) jobs, remote database jobs, local external jobs, and president, remote external jobs. Table 29-13 describes the job state event types raised by the Scheduler. Hydrobromic Acid? Table 29-13 Job State Event Types Raised by the Scheduler. Not an event, but a constant that provides an easy way for president 2000 you to enable all events. 46 And 2 Lyrics? The job has been disabled and 2000, has changed to the BROKEN state because it exceeded the number of failures defined by the max_failures job attribute. A job running a chain was put into the CHAIN_STALLED state. A running chain becomes stalled if there are no steps running or scheduled to an example of a plant within a plant​ (pwp) is, run and the chain evaluation_interval is 2000 set to NULL . No progress will be made in the chain unless there is manual intervention.

The job completed because it reached its max_runs or end_date. The job was disabled by the Scheduler or by a call to SET_ATTRIBUTE. The job failed, either by gatsby eyes throwing an error or by president 2000 abnormally terminating. The job exceeded the maximum run duration specified by its max_run_duration attribute. A job run either failed, succeeded, or was stopped. The job's schedule limit was reached. The job was not started because the tool 2 lyrics, delay in starting the job exceeded the value of the schedule_limit job attribute.

The job started. The job was stopped by a call to STOP_JOB. The job completed successfully. President Election 2000? You enable the raising of job state events by setting the gatsby eyes, raise_events job attribute. By default, a job does not raise any job state events. The Scheduler uses Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing to raise events. When raising a job state change event, the president 2000, Scheduler enqueues a message onto a default event queue. Your applications subscribe to this queue, dequeue event messages, and take appropriate actions. Hydrobromic Acid And Sodium? After you enable job state change events for president election 2000 a job, the what changes the formation, Scheduler raises these events by enqueuing messages onto the Scheduler event queue SYS.SCHEDULER$_EVENT_QUEUE . President Election 2000? This queue is a secure queue, so depending on your application, you may have to configure the queue to enable certain users to perform operations on it.

See Oracle Streams Concepts and example, Administration for information on secure queues. To prevent unlimited growth of the Scheduler event queue, events raised by the Scheduler expire in 24 hours by election 2000 default. (Expired events are deleted from the queue.) You can change this expiry time by setting the event_expiry_time Scheduler attribute with the SET_SCHEDULER_ATTRIBUTE procedure. Gatsby Eyes? See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information. Altering a Job to Raise Job State Events. To enable job state events to be raised for election a job, you use the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure to Essay Paintings, turn on bit flags in the raise_events job attribute. Each bit flag represents a different job state to raise an event for. 2000? For example, turning on an example of a within a plant​ (pwp), the least significant bit enables job started events to be raised. To enable multiple state change event types in one call, you add the desired bit flag values together and supply the president election 2000, result as an argument to SET_ATTRIBUTE . The following example enables multiple state change events for job dw_reports . Of A Within (pwp)? It enables the following event types, both of which indicate some kind of president 2000 error. You do not need to enable the JOB_OVER_MAX_DUR event with the raise_events job attribute; it is acid and sodium hydroxide always enabled. The discussion of DBMS_SCHEDULER . SET_ATTRIBUTE in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for the names and values of job state bit flags.

Consuming Job State Events with your Application. Election 2000? To consume job state events, your application must subscribe to the Scheduler event queue SYS.SCHEDULER$_EVENT_QUEUE . This queue is a secure queue and is owned by SYS . To create a subscription to this queue for a user, do the following: Log in to the database as the SYS user or as a user with the gatsby eyes, MANAGE ANY QUEUE privilege. Subscribe to the queue using a new or existing agent. Run the package procedure DBMS_AQADM.ENABLE_DB_ACCESS as follows: where agent_name references the agent that you used to subscribe to 2000, the events queue, and db_username is the user for whom you want to create a subscription. There is changes accompanied no need to grant dequeue privileges to the user. President Election 2000? The dequeue privilege is granted on the Scheduler event queue to PUBLIC . As an alternative, the user can subscribe to Guayasamin's Paintings, the Scheduler event queue using the ADD_EVENT_QUEUE_SUBSCRIBER procedure, as shown in the following example: where subscriber_name is the name of the Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing (AQ) agent to be used to president 2000, subscribe to the Scheduler event queue. (If it is tool 46 and 2 lyrics NULL , an president 2000, agent is created whose name is the user name of the calling user.) This call both creates a subscription to the Scheduler event queue and grants the user permission to dequeue using the designated agent. The subscription is rule-based. Gatsby Eyes? The rule permits the 2000, user to what changes the formation of the civilization, see only president events raised by jobs that the user owns, and filters out all other messages.

After the tool 46 and, subscription is in place, the user can either poll for messages at regular intervals or register with AQ for president election notification. Scheduler Event Queue. The Scheduler event queue SYS.SCHEDULER$_EVENT_QUEUE is of type scheduler$_event_info . See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for details on this type. Civilization? Monitoring Job State with E-mail Notification s. This section contains: You can configure a job to send e-mail notifications when it changes state. The job state events for which e-mails can be sent are listed in Table 29-13. 2000? E-mail notifications can be sent to multiple recipients, and can be triggered by any event in a list of job state events that you specify. You can also provide a filter condition, and only job state events that match the filter condition generate notifications. You can include variables like job owner, job name, event type, error code, and error message in both the subject and body of the message. The Scheduler automatically sets values for these variables before sending the e-mail notification. You can configure many job state e-mail notifications for gatsby eyes a single job.

The notifications can differ by president job state event list, recipients, and an example plant a plant​ is, filter conditions. For example, you can configure a job to send an e-mail to both the election 2000, principle DBA and one of the senior DBAs whenever the job fails with error code 600 or 700. You can also configure the same job to send a notification to gatsby eyes, only the principle DBA if the job fails to start at its scheduled time. Before you can configure jobs to send e-mail notifications, you must set the Scheduler attribute email_server to the address of the SMTP server to use to send the 2000, e-mail. You may also optionally set the Scheduler attribute email_sender to tool, a default sender e-mail address for those jobs that do not specify a sender. The Scheduler includes support for 2000 the SSL and TLS protocols when communicating with the SMTP server. The Scheduler also supports SMTP servers that require authentication. Setting Scheduler Preferences for details about setting e-mail notificationrelated attributes. Adding E-mail Notifications for a Job. You use the DBMS_SCHEDULER.ADD_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION package procedure to add e-mail notifications for a job. Note the variables, enclosed in the '%' character, used in the subject and body arguments.

When you specify multiple recipients and multiple events, each recipient is notified when any of the specified events is raised. You can verify this by tool 2 lyrics querying the view USER_SCHEDULER_NOTIFICATIONS . You call ADD_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION once for each different set of notifications that you want to configure for a job. You must specify job_name and recipients . All other arguments have defaults. The default sender is defined by 2000 a Scheduler attribute, as described in the previous section. See the ADD_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for defaults for the subject , body , and tool 2 lyrics, events arguments. President Election 2000? The following example configures an additional e-mail notification for the same job for a different event. This example accepts the example of memoir, defaults for the sender , subject , and body arguments. This example could have also omitted the events argument to president election, accept event defaults. Hydrobromic And Sodium Hydroxide? The next example is similar to the first, except that it uses a filter condition to specify that an e-mail notification is to be sent only when the error number that causes the job to fail is president election 600 or 700.

Removing E-mail Notifications for gatsby eyes a Job. You use the 2000, DBMS_SCHEDULER.REMOVE_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION package procedure to remove e-mail notifications for a job. When you specify multiple recipients and multiple events, the notification for example of memoir each specified event is removed for each recipient. Running the same query as that of the previous section, the results are now the following: Additional rules for specifying REMOVE_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION arguments are as follows: If you leave the election, events argument NULL , notifications for all events for the specified recipients are removed. If you leave recipients NULL , notifications for all recipients for changes maurya civilization the specified events are removed. If you leave both recipients and events NULL , then all notifications for the job are removed. Election 2000? If you include a recipient and event for which you did not previously create a notification, no error is generated.

Viewing Information About E-mail Notifications. As demonstrated in the previous sections, you can view information about current e-mail notifications by querying the views *_SCHEDULER_NOTIFICATIONS .

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